Skip to main content

Full text of "History of Porter County, Indiana : a narrative account of its historical progress, its people and its principal interests"

See other formats

Gc M. L. 


v.l }. 




3 1833 00828 2391 


■ ' ( AjlJl'.; J 

f\ \^KJ\j 


A' Narrative Account of its Historical I'^rc:':; 
its People and its Principal Inteie.-.ts 






10 V>iOT;::H 

» , '/ • ; 



, y,.,.. ^.^..,;. ...„ 


" iSr 

.yv\ ' ■ ■ 


:'" ;■''■': .;^-s*s?-. -'^.^r--" , 

'"r^ . 

' 1 


V; -' ■ .; -: 

.'^ .^. <-. 

' 1 p ^ 



r(.»KTt;i( (Virx'i'y Corin' ILm'si: 



111 llio sillily ol' liistnvy, I'.vi murh aH.-nlioii is ol'leu pniil l(j gi'cal 
.national or iuteniatioiKil ev( iiIk, wiiil;' ilicse of local signifieaucc are 
JU'gleeted. Ninety years lia\< im- •■■■.l --iiu-.' Ilie iii'st wliite man built liis 
cabin in what is now Porter coiin1\-, and seventy-six years since the 
eounly was organized liy an of iln' Indiana legislature. During this 
time tlie record til' many inodmis of liis'unif; intcrt'St to the inhabitants 
has been presei . d only by liriicii; liamlcd down from sire to sou, and 
many other events have been allowed to pa-s into oblivion. 

The chief object in presenting Ibis lii-Mr\ to the iieople of Porter 
county is to give them an autlirnlic ic (crd of much that has occurred 
since the first settlement, particularly 1lic educational and industrial 
development of the county. This work 7rj)resents months of research 
and patient labor, no source of inlo! ni.ditm having been overlooked in 
its preparation. Among the autli'i, ilii.-. con-, idled, those most deserving 
of sjiecial mention are: The Krport-- nf the United States Bureau of 
Ethnology; the Reports of the .State (iculogist, the State Bureau of 
Statistics and the State Board of liralth; tin- Session Laws of Indiana, 
the Official Records of the Count.>, and tlu' tiles of the Valparaiso and 
Chesterton new.spapers. A nninbri- (jf tlic personal sketches of the old 
phj'sicians and law.yers were cuinjiiK.d parily from recollections of old 
settlers, though memory is not always reliable, and where it was possible 
'this work has been comj^iled fi-oin (if!ieial sonrces. 

The author desires to acknowledge his indebtedness to the people of 
the coun'ty for the uniform courtesy .slmwn liim while engaged in his 
work, and the publishers desii'e to expre.-s llie belief that the patrons 
of the history will find it both anilujdie inid eomproheusive. No effort 
has been spai'ed to make it as pei-H d as piissihle, both in the matter 
embodied and in its mechanical const iinl ion. 

- Chicago, September, 5, 1912. , . s ■ ■ . - 

' '-J -1 r-lf-f 

i.'iv;- I-, ('■ 

f\[frr. > f ffv ,. ,;v, • '■"/-I ;, Kl •-: Ir f' 

11.,/- 7- 

CONTRNT'S , . . 

CHAPTER I ; ^■■ 













GHAPTLl. m . .: .I'vr • . ■ • "^n 









— FIRST ClVIIi TOWNSHIPS — LOCATIn-,- up lil,: ( nl NTY SEAT 30 


vi CONT]<:XTrt 













COUNTY ....,:...: .")0 

CHAPTER V >?• ' : 







COUNTY teachers' ASSOCIATION SCHOOL STATISTIC ' 1X)1; 1 fl 1 ! 12 — 



CHAPTER VI ,.., I • ... 






/a 14:. i' 


(_'(),\ r!;:\'rs vii 



CHAT I !::U Yll 











ORGANiSeD, 1843 — first SETTI>I:I;.- — 1XDI\N TliVOITION-— game and BEE 









TLERS — PHYSICAL CllARACTEKl.-.'! l(S---S(:jl(ioi.,- - robTOFFlCES AND VIL- 

,1'flVl ■ : -^ JM / I...; ... i„i, 

■■'■■■:iiAhr.<.i . •! .■■,/( 

ilY ' UV 

.' '',v/or 

l' I. / f 











THE CITY" OF VAJiPARMSO :',•:.-;.:, 

how the city originated porteksville t.w.i co.hiwny county seat 

sites offered plat op porteusvilj .ic - - addftfi. >\s to the city- 
first house — fostoffice name chaygkl' to val.p.uiaiso early 

business enterprises ^incorporated .\> a to'.vx powers con- 
ferred on the town government mail- and sta(.il-: route;. — incor- 
porated as a city in 1865 excitement over pkp.sident lincoln's 

Assassination — first city election — early ordinances — mayors 

the temperance crusade FIRE AND POLICE DEPARTMENTS 










1,- ' /■ - ■- :-,! l; . 

i'W' .■■.-■■I 

























club" : 2G0 

O.'.'i , ' 

!■/ :!:rr- 1 Air 

■ •': -;^^^ 























;7 H.m' '■ -.A- 

111.' ' i;> r-^M.,/;^lii ■ : .. -^ ,' I -.'I (.;;.- Vi-uJii. 
, (/.>:!■ ii m; '-l^r T-j ; .< /,- i-' i- iM 

.1 ; -- •■•■)ty\i • i I 


Aboriginal inhabitants, inoiind builder?, 
17; districts, IS.; cfligy mounds, 18; 
mounds in Porter county, 30; collee 
lions of relics, 22; the modern Indians, 
23; treaties of session, 21; Indian 
trails, 37_ 

A. B. Wade Post, Xo. 20S, G. A. R., 283 

Adams, George W., 453 

Agriculture, 223 

AJlenbrand, Peter, 652 

Allison, James H. 530 

Altitudes, 15 

Amcling, Joseph II., 849 

American Eagle House, 197, 199 

Anderson, Charles A., 686 

Anderson, Charles A., 791 

Anderson, Frank A., 805 

Anderson, Mary W., 691 

Anderson, Samuel B., 637 

Anthony, Samuel I., 253 

Anti-horse Tliief Association, 264, 2C5 

Arnold, Charles S., 447 

Artesian wells, 14 

Atkins, Luther, 240 

Atwell, William T., 503 

Auditors, 348 

Axe, Elias, 331 

Bailly, Joseph, 33 

Bailly town, 33 

Baldwin, "Lucky," 326 

Ball, Seneca, 340 

Baltimore & Ohio railroad, 68 

t;.i!i\ of KoMl-, 221 ■« 

llankof itadisuii, 218 
I'.iiiik of Vincoiincs, 218 
l>aiiks (ace llnaneial) 
liaptist missions, 393 
Barnard, Allen J., 779 
liarnard. Nelson. 334 
Bartholomew, Alvin D., 770 
Bartholomew, Artillus V., 323 
Bartholomew, John N., 394 
JJartholomew. William, 418 
Bartz, William M., 575 
Bates, Edith, 722 
Bates, Hail, 731 
Battan, Henry, 98 
Bay, Levi F., 733 
Beach, Frank L., 790 
P.eacli, Georfrc F., 441 
Bearss, Sylvan\is, 638 
Beatrice, 174 
r.eer, Henry M.. 243 
lifll, Reason. Jr., 318 
r;ciich a 11.1 liMi -.Tudicial system, 219; 
(iicnit court judges, 250; probate 
i.oinl jiuLh's. 2;i1; Porter County Bar 
AsNocintion, 254; Lawyers in 1912, 

Icnodi.'t, l>''ii-y W., 577 

V'lievolent Protective Order of Elks, 2S6 

•,eiit.-.ii, (^,:.rlcs W., 377 

'■vn-y to^^)l^llij,, 137 

'■•llilrlhiu el. Midi, 300 '■'' 

;i.k,l, .\ri.lnv. . f^ilS '"■■-■ n.-Kj^'^ 


■■■ ■'^■! ,'•,;. ih v.,!: ;V.i 

•i ,-../A 


Biggs. Ira JL, 724 

Blachly, Cornelius, 240 

Black Hawk war, 100 

Blackstope, John K., 341 

Blake, Jarod, 580 

BlancharU, Almond W., 733 

Blount, Eobley D., 789 

Board of Education, Valparaiso, 83 

Boclilke, John C, 521 

Bogarte, Martin E., 761 

Boo, William, 853 

Boone Grove, 172 

Boone Grove Christian church, 305 

Boone, Robert M., 835 

Boone township, 74 

Boone township — First pennancnt set- 
tlers, 130; first election, 131; first 
birth, 131; first death, 131; first mar- 
riage, 131: early teachers, 131; schools, 
132; first physician, 132; Hebron, 133; 
first brick building, 133; first hotel, 
133; first dwe'ling, 133; secret orders, 
135; transportation facilities, 136 

Bornholt, Gust B., 467 

Bornholt, Hans, 517 

Bowser, Arthur J., 861 

Bozarth, Nelson J., 783 

Bradley, Cliarles D., 853 

Breyfogle ditch, C4 

Brink, Glaus, 711 

Brody, Ezra F., 854 

Brown, Henry B., 374 

Brown, Indiana S., 494 

Brown, James C., 301 

Brown, Thomas M., 474 

Brown, William T., 488 

Brummitt, Marion P., 851 

Bryant, Charles, 391 

Bull, George W., 792 

Bull's Eye lake, 4 

Bull's Eye (Round) lake, 137 

Burdick, 145 

Burkhart, Jacob, 486 

Burns (Calinnet) system, 64 

Cain,Elias D., 618 

Cain, Lemon, 571 

Calumet beach, 7 

Calumet region, 1, 6 

Calumet river, 9 

Calumet township, 128 

Campbell, Thomas A. E., 322 

Carver, James H., 820 

Casbon, Charles T., 459 

Casbon, Sylvester, 482 

Cass, Levi A., 241 

Catholic missionaries, 30, 292 

Catholic missions, 393 

Center township — Natural featui'es, 136; 

first white settler, 138; first election, 

139: industries, 139; first birth, 139; 

first death, 139; first marriage, 139; 

public schools, 140; railways, 141; 

population, 141 
Central House, 199 
Central school building, Valpariso (vicv.'), 

Certified high school, 87 
Chaplain Brown Post, No. 106, G. A. R., 

Chautauqua Manufacturing Company, 

Chautauqua Park, 19S 
Chegeraink Lodge, No. 161. I. 0. O. F., 

Cliesapeake cfc Ohio railroad, 69 
Chesterton, 188 
Cliesterton Bank, 221 
Chesterton Catholic church, 309 
Chesterton Lodge, No. 442, K. of P., 

Chesterton M. E. church, 298 
"Chesterton Tribune," 93 
Chicago Mica Company, 234 
Chicago & Eastern Illinois railroad, 70 
Chicago & Erie railroad, 09 
Chiqua's town, 138 
Cliristian Hospital and Training School 

for Nurses, 247 
Christian Scientists, 314 
Chm-ches (see Religious history) 
Cinkoske, Max, C54 

■,v,-f , f 


U"> ,:■: -.„<l :...i.') 


Circuit coint judges, 250 

Citizens' Bank of Hebron, 231 

City court, 250 ■ 

City West, 187 

Civic Improvement Association, 289 

Civil townships, 44 

Civil war, 97, 101 

Civil war, ''roll of honor," 115 

Clanricard, 165 

Clay deposits, 13 

Clear lake, 5 

Clifford, Tatrick W., 421 

Coafes, Hayes C, 243 

Cobb, Charles F., 591 

Cobb (Sandy Hook) system, 63 

Coffee creek, 6, 147, 188 

Cole, Fred H., 680 

Coleman, John, G13 

"College Current," 93 

"College Herald," 92 

Comer, Lewis, 834 

Commissioned high schools, 87 

Cook ditch, 64 

Cooper, Nathan, 767 

Cornell creek, 21 

Cornell ditcli, 64 

Coroners, 349 

Council addition, 195 

Counterfeiters,' 343 

County assessors, 352 

County asylum, 62 

County bonds, 216 

County clerks, 348 

County commissioners, 349 

t\Spnnty council, 352 ^ 

County infirmary, 61 

County officers, list of, 348 

County revenues, 51 

County scat bonds, 48 ■ 

County seat, location of, 47 

County seminaries, 75 

County surveyors, 349 

County treasurers, 348 

Country scene. Porter co\iiity (view), 

Court houses, 59 

Courts of Coninion ph'as, 250 

Croker, 3 53 

Crooked civfk, 5, 6 

Crumpackor, i;dgai 1)., 375 

Cnimpacker, (!rant. K'.ii 

Crumpackrr, Tlieopliilus, 333 {;. , 

"Crusade" at 'V'alparaiso, 205 

Curtis, Asa, 7(16 

Curtis, Cliarlotte M.. TUIl 

Curtis, Elizabeth, 707 

Cyclone of Novemlicr. 1911, 331 

Dairy products, 224 
Deep River mission, 295 
De Motte, IMark L., 353 
Dibbern, .Inlii, ][., 5S1 
Dickover, Cbaih's \V.. Ssn 
Dickover, JMark T... !SS1 
Dilley, John M.. 163 
Dilley, Samuel E., 673 
Dillingham, Isaac W.. 607 
Ditches, 62 

Dolhover, George, 635 
Dolson, Silas AV., 800 
Domke, William K, 553 
Door Prairie, 138 
Dreblow, Henry W., Slli 
Dune Park, 168 

Eberle, Lawrence A., 850 

Economic geology, 13 

Edinger, Adam, 455 

Edmonds, Enos A.. 691 

Educational dcvcloi.uiciil — JCarly schools 
in the several to\vnbhi)j>, 71; school 
commissioner's rcjioi t , '< 2 ; county semi- 
naries, 75; Valparaiso Male and Fe- 
male Collej;e, 77; Valparaiso Colle- 
giate InhtiUitc', 78; Northern Indiana 
Normal School. 78; parocliial schools, 
84; teacher's iii-lil\i(cs, 85; Porter 
County Teaclirrs' Association, 85; 
statistics, (19 31- 13), 87; the press, 
88; public lilirarics, 03. 

Eggleston, lOdgar L.. S07 

Elghty-sixll. liidinna Infantry, 110 

il :'.:'■.'• 1 

r ■/■tii.^i.'.S „ 


Klectrie lines, 70 

Elgin, Joliet & Eastern railroad, 6" 
Emmetlsburg, 195 
Episcopal churches, 312 
Esserman, Ifenry, 84G 
Esserman, Johanna, 847 
Essex township, 129 
Evans, H. M., 879 

Evergreen Lodge, No. 403, F. & A. }A . 

Fair grounds, 262 
Fairview, 168 
Farmers' Alliance, 225 
Farmers' institutes, 225 
Farniers'lnsiiranco Company, 227 
Farmers' National Bank, 219 
Fauna, 3 

"Feast of Dreams," 23 
Fifield, Susannah, 99 
Fifteenth Indiana Infantry, 107 
Fifth Indiana Cavalry, 112 
Fiftl] Indiana Ligjit Battery, 111 
Financial and industrial— Fublic re\c- 
nues, 216; banks, 218; trust com- 
panies, 220; agricultul^ 223; farmei ;>" 
institutes, 225; sugar beets, 226; Farm- 
ers' Insurance Company, 227;. natural 
gas, 227; oil, 228; early manufac- 
tui^ers, 230; mills, 231; paper mill and 
varnish factory, 232; clock factory. 
233; glass works, 236; minor manu 
facturing industries, 238 
Finney, Artluir A., 776 
Finney, Jasper N., 775 
Finney, Stephen L., 609 
Fires, 332 

First bank in Porter county, 218 
First Baptist church, 294 
First brickyard at Valparaiso, 231 
First courts, 249 
First daily paper, 89 
First elections, 46 
First homeopailiic pliysician, 244 
First macadamized road, 57 
First Masonic lodge, 267 

First Jfethodist church, Valparaiso, 296 

Firot military company, 105 iN.itional Bank of Valparaiso, 21S 

Fir.stncwgjiaper, 88 

First resiucnt lawyer, 252 
■ First ic\ i'liuc, 47 

I'ir.^f sale of public lands, 30 

First sdiool, 71 

Fiisl :-, !i.i,j| commissioner's report, 72 

First scliool in Center township, 72 

Fir^st Pcssioii of circuit court, 58 

First white cliild, 36 

iM^licr, William, 707 

Flint, Caroline, 753 

Flint lak.'. ,'; 

Flora, U'i 

I'Jynii llall.ird A., 832 

l''ol.--i>ni. TTarribon, 408 
J'orbc.^. .'\ndivw J., 774 

t''(>i<',--tcii. of America, 287 

I'urt Di-.iiliuri), 32 

i-'ossiis, !1 

Foster, Jciry, 529 

i'onrtii Indiana Battery, 114 

I'YaiJcy, Chri.stian H., 439 

Fianie. Ann K., 760 

Frame, Tliomas J., 759 

Frame, lounger, 838 

Fraternal Ordei- ol Eagles, 288 

Fraternities (see societies) 

Freer, -lolin W., 594 

Frcneli fin traders, 30 

iMillcr. .lolni r... 827 

Funk, Jiiiocju. ']■._ 507 

Furness. Allmt W., 812 

iMuncss. IM« in L., 743 

Kiirness. Lo\iise M., 745 

Fiirncss, t, i-li C, 748 

Knnicss\il|r, 100, 188 • ' 

Cardnci. Ii...-|,li, 544 

Cardn.i. Willi,,,,, If,. 543 

Cast. A,,:!,.-^, 7i;i 

Cat.v. .I„m:.s :,][, , , '■ ■ 

Cillitt, lliiani' A., 253 

CIrnw,,,, I I,,-...],. 7 ■ . . • 

I-: K ■/'lat;; 

".■I, ... ' I' ■ 

••■Tt-> . 



"Good roads movement," 57 

Goodwin, J. M., 242 

Goodwin, William H., 837 

Gossett, Benjamin F., 865 

Gould House, 199 

Graded scliool system, Valparaiso, 7S 

Grand Army of the Itejiulilic, 281 

Grand Gahiraet river, 10 

Grand Trunk system, 68 

Gravel road bonds, 58 

Gray, George D., 793 

"Great Serpent Mound," 18 

Green, Hiram, 243 

Gustafson, Anton K., 850 

Haas' addition, 195 

Hackett, William C, 830 

Hageman, 188 

Hageraan, Henry, 324 

Hagerty, Albert, 733 

Hagerty, Tliomas, 731 

HamcU, Jeremiah, 323 

Hannon, Thomas J., 592 

Hansford, John, 323 

Harrison, William H. H., 32 

Haste, George S., 472 

Haunted house, 345 

Haxton, George E., 76G 

Ha J', production of, 223 

Heard, Thomas H., 7S7 

Hebron, 133, (incorporation of) 135 \ 

Hebron Cliristian church, 306 

Hebron Congregational church, 312 

"Hebron Free Press," 92 

Hebron high school (view), 86 
4Jebron Lodge, No. 503, F. & A. M., STO 

Hebron J-udge, No. 405, K. of 1'., 280 
■ Hebron M. E. church, 297 

Hebron Town Hall (view), ,134 

Htilstedt, Edward A., 669 

Heiueman, A. F., SU4 

Hickory Point, 171 

High schools, 87 > 

Highways, 52 

Hill, Claude E., 378 

Hillstrom, Charles E., 814 

IlojjpM U'llliMUi S., 647 

lloMifcM, II. Henry, 500 

••llt.osi.TV Nesl," 177 

House laihings, 30 

I h>i: ' ■« armings," 41 

IIuI.Imi-.I lliiut, 218 

nu-l.,wl,.\r(Inir A., 780 

Hugliart,.luliii W., 777 

Huvlbuvt, 172 

hull .;r ,!ilch. Oil 

Hydiaulie Press Brick Company, 235 

liuuiaiuh'l i;\ angelical Lutheran church. 

lndr|Kiuliiil Order of Odd Fellows, §74 
Indian a.hi'Uliires, 315 
'Indiaj, n.itth' Ground," 20 
Indian l)urying ground, 24 
Indian Hails, 37 
Indiana .\a(i<nial Guard, 121 
Indiana leiiitory, 32 
Indians (see Aboriginal inhabitants) 
lnsLil\ite additions, 195 
Intiinal improvements — County rcve- 

niu--', 51: highways, 53; jails, 58; 

court, 59; county poor farm. 

61; ditclu's 03; dillcrent systems, 63; 

railroads, (',5 
IVon ore, 13 

.lacksun (enter, 144 

.lacL.-iiii township, 74 

Jaek.son township — The morainic belt, 
112; first cabin, 143; first election, 
ll.-l; lirst sawmill, 144; first .school, 
111; villages, 144; public schools, 145; 
l.u|iulalion, 14G 

■ la lis, .-.s 

J.-llr,,;. Cliarlcs L., 871 

Jr-nil Faihers, 292 ' 

dii.i-,. AiiLMisI, 823 

.lc.l,Mni:,n,ailes A., 773 

,K.lii..i.n, I'-. E,. SOS 

.lnliii-,.n..l,din A., S08 ..,,^ 

Jul,n-l,,„, .1,-M'. 252 

.bd,:, ,o:.d.5;; •,t0''--'-v 

■2\t 1 111 


Jones, A. Lytle, 253 
Jones, Erasmus J., 341 
Jones, Fanny, 721 
Jonts, Josepli, 99 
Jones, Robf it, 720 

Kankakee basin, 1, 10 

Kankakee river, 10 

"Kankakee Valley Drainage Association,' 

Kankakee Valley Medical Society, 246 
Kansas blizzard in Porter county, 330 
Keller ditch, 64 
Kelly, Daniel E., 659 
Kemil, Benjamin T., 860 
Kern, Clem J., 381 
Kern, Frederick, 684 
Kern, Sidney P., 381 
Kinney's Corners, 298 
Kinsey, Oliver P., 451 
Kjiiglits and Ladies of Honor, 289 
Kniglits of Cohimbns, 286 
Knights of Pythias, 279 
Knights of the Maccabees, 288 
Koselke, Johann M., 562 
Koselke system of ditches, 63 
Kouts Christian church, 306 
Kouts German Lutheran church, 311 
Kouts Lodge, No. 822, L 0. O. F., 276 
Kouts, Mrs. Henrietta, 396 

"Lake Chicago," 7 
Lake Eliza, 5 
Lake Shore &. Michigan Southern Eail 

road, 65 
Lantz, Amos B., 631 
Large mortgage, 355 
La Salle, 31 
Lawrence, Amil G., 538 
Lawyers (see bench and bar) 
Lee, Jolin C, 549 
Lenburg, James, 726 
Lenburg, John H., 752 ■ 
H^etherman, Andrew P., 445 
Letherman,J. IT, 241 
Lewis, Ed, 417 

Lewi.^, L'.MiUider, 244, 404 

Lewis, (i.-icar, 765 

I.,ewiR, Sylvester A., 413 

Lcwry, William, 864 

Liberty township, 73 

Ijiberty township — location and natural 

fealure.s, 146; land troubles, 147; settler, 149; first death, 149; 

first wedding, 150; first election; 150; 

scliools, 151 ; transportation facilities, 

151; population 152 
Lilvify View, 155 
Linicsloiic, 13 
Limoiiitf, 13 

Lincoln's assassination, 202 " 
Link, Cbarlos, 783 
l-ifcivitiiro, 2.76 
I.iltle Cahiniet river, 10 
Live hfock, 224 
Log Killings, 39 
Long lake, 147 
Lorenz, Fritz, 794 
Louderbaek, Andrew J., 773 
Loudcrback, Tipton B., 672 
Louisiana, 31 
Ludington, Lovina, 442 
Ludtke, William F., 757 
Lytle, Thomas G., 3S4 

Macadamized roads, 57, 141, 161, 163, 

169, 174, 180 
Magenta Lodge, No. 288, I. O. O. F., 275 
Makeever, (Mrs.) Idael, 257 
Maiden, 155 
^ Malone, Wilson. 184 
Marine, Lewis B., 478 
Marks, .loseph, 319 
M:u(|nait, Joseidiine, 711 
Mai(|uar(, Peter A., 710 
AIar(|nctte, 30 ■ . ■ 

Martin, Gideon. 547 -.H'-..;'-- . ^ 

]\1ar1in, Jusiui. 531 
Masl.idoii. 12 
M,iiil.-liy, ■J'li..ii)a>, T., 324 
Minj(y. .b.l.ii .AI., 603 
MavNull. K.hv.ii.l P.. 610 



■• fri. •■■)rj7 -''Xl 

- ' „ . ...1 V- ..'^ 1 

,r;:. !n.:^ .;«!>,•. UU/:" ■?! -IhWi:!' 

,5. .•.!-.. :i.l 

Cjit ,. 


Jliixwell, George L., 540 

Jlax well, John, 557 

JLiixwell, Lcnzo E., GOO 

Maxwell, William L., 657 

JUCVrtliy, Jlichael C, 002 

MeCoukey, John, SOI 

JlcConnull, Thomas, 843 

McCool, 108 

McDonald ditcii, 04 

McDonald, Henry R., 817 

McFetrich, James, 063 

McGill, James H., 235 

Medical societies, 245 

JI. E. missions, 295 

Merriman, Elias, 024 

Morriman, Eliza D., 630 

Jlerriman, Levi, 552 

Merriman, Viola, 555 

Mexican war, 97, 100 

Michigan Central Kailroad, 64 

Military history — Wars of the nation, 
97; Revolntionary veterans in Porter 
county, 98; soldiers of the War of 
1812, 99; soldiers of the Black Hawk 
and Mexican wars, 100; the Civil war, 
101; infantry regiments, 105; cavalry 
organizations 112; artillery organiza- 
tions, 114; casualties of Porter county 
troops, 115; work of home patriots, 
119; total nujnbcr of Porter county 
troops, 119; Indiana National guard, 
121; Spanish-American war, 122 

Miller, Isaiah, 040 

Modern Woodmen of America, 287 

Molding sand, 12 

Mefgan, Edward L., 827 

jMorgan, Jesse, 35 

Morgan prairie, 35, 181 

Morgan township, 37, 72, 153 • 

Morgan township — First settlers, 153; 
towns, 155; schQ»ls, 156 

Morrow, John, 064 

Morrow, j^niy G., 668 

Morrow system, 64 

Mound builders, 17 

Mound builders' relics, 22 

Mount Tom, 8 

Municipal debt, 217 

Municipal Study Associalimi, 2!i0 

Murders, 337 

Mysterious events, 344 ,,,, 

Natural gas, 337 

Nelson, Emil W., 810 

Nesbit, 01 is U., 545 

Newburg, Chiia L., 822 

Newburg, John P., 822 

Newspapers (see the I'rcs- ;'.iid under 

difl'erent names) 
New York Central linos, 70 
Nickel, 184 

Nickel, Arthur E., 835 " 

Nickel Plate, 69 

Ninety-ninth Indiana ]ni"a:if!y. 110 
Ninth Indiana Infantiy, 106 
"Normal Mirror," 92 
Northern Indiana Normal School, 73 
"Northern Indiana School Journal," 92 
North Valparaiso, 3 95 
North Washington street, 1913 (view), 

Northwestern Indiana I\iir (iiciiil. 203 
Nuppnau, Paul, 795 

Oil, 228 

Old college building, Valparaiso (view), 

Old Joe Marks building, ^"aIparaiso 

(view), 320 
Old Salem church, 173 
Old School Presbyterian diuitli, Hebron, 

Old Settlers Association, 303 
OldUniou Rand, 105 
OlCn, Emil, 839 

One Hundred and Fifty-first Indiana In- 
fantry, 111 
One Hundred and Forty-second Indiana 

Infantry, 111 
One Hundred and Tliirty ci-litli Indiana 

Infantry, 111 
One Hundred and Twenty -eiylctli Indiana 

Infantry, 111 


Order of tlie Eas(cni Star, 37;J 
O'Reilly, Michael, 308 
Osborne, Charles, 326 
Osborne, Edgar G., 870 
Osborue, Jonathan, 808 

Pagin, James E., 603 

Paine, Robert T., 256 

Paramore, W. C, 243 

Parker ditch, 64 

Parochial scliools, 84 

Patrick, J. II. & Son, 560 

Patrick, Robert J., 560 

Pearce, Eliza L., 704 

Pearce, George, 698 

Pearson, Charles J., 709 

Peat beds, 12 

Peck, David B., 751 

Peck, Jonathan B., 763 

Peck, Elizabeth, 76* 

PQck, Ruthven 0., 749 

Peninsular railroad, 68 

Pere ISIarqiiette system, 69 

Peterson, Caleb, 772 

Phillips ditch, 63 

Phillips, William, 737 

Physicians (see professions) 

Pierce, C. S., 873 

Pierce, Gilbert A., S56 

Pierce, Leroy M., 857 

Pierceis addition, 195 

Pierre, Don Eugenio, 31 

Pine township, 1^ 

Pine township — Colony of Poles, 159; 

organized (August 13; 1853), 159; 

first school house, 160; public schools, 

161 ' 
Pinkerton, George W., 403 
Pinkerton, John F., 399 
Pinucy, Finette M., 434 
Pinney, William E., 431 
Pioneer lite, 38 
Pitkin & Brooks, 237 
Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Cliicago 

railroad, 07 
Plank road bank, 56 

Pleasant township, 74 

Pleasant township — Fiist while su( tier, 
162; first election, 102; fir--,( hulh, 
162; first school, 163; jmblic scliools, 
103; railroads, 163; Kouls. li'.:. crimes 
and casualties, IG.'j 

Pleasant township system, 03 

Plymouth Brethreii, 312 

Political campaign of 1800, 101 

Pollentzke, August II., 84S 

Poor farm, 61 

Poor house, 61 

Population, 141, 14i'., ir.2, 100, 174, 180, 
190, 354 

Portage township, 71 

Portage township — Fivsl siUlei'^, 107; 
first birth, 167; first m;iniagv. J07; 
.scliools and teacher^, 107; po-iollires, 
168; railroads, 100; pvbli. 'iii;U»vays, 
169; macadamized ro.'id^, Jr.O; pojuila- 
tion, 169 

Porter, 188 

Porter Camp, No. 116, Stma ol Veterans, 

Porter County Agricultural Society, 361 

Porter county authors, 256 

Porter County Bank, 222 

Porter County Bar Associalit'n. 254 

Porter County court house (view) fron- 

Porter County Literal-.^ Association, 93 

Porter Countj' Medical Society, 245 

Porter county — Physiography, 1; the 
glacial epoch, 2; topography, 3; lakes, 
4; Calumet region, 0; water. -ilied, 0; 
Lake Chicago, 7; the beaches, 7; 
sand dunes, 8; the Caliiiiiet ri\er, 0; 
Kankakee basin, 10; the marsh lands, 
10; prehistoric relics, 1] ; economic 
geology, 12; clay industries, 13; ar- 
tesian wells, 14; altitudes, J5; fauna 
and flora, 16; a dependency of France, 
31; organization of, 4t; name of, 43; 
location of county seat, "17 

Porter Coij|i»ty Teachers' Association, S5 

"Porter County Yidette," 91 

1 , j-p •i:: U; 


Porter, David Dixon, 347 

"Porter Democrat," 91 

Porter glass works, SoG 

Porter, Homer W., 622 

Porter incorporated (1899), 190 

Porter Lodge, Xo. 137, F. & A. M., 268 

Portersvillc, 47, 192, ]93, (name changed) 

Portersville Land Company. 192 

Porter township — First settlements, 170; 
first sermon, 170; schools and teachers, 
171; postofliees and postmasters, 171 

Pottawatomie Indians, 22 

Pottawatomie village, 182 

Poultry, 224 

Powell's addition, 195 \ 

"Practical Observer," 89 

Pratt, Daniel D., 255 

Prattville, 184 

Prehistoric rtlics, 11 

Presbyterian church, 299 

Pi-psbyterian missionaries, 299 

Presidential vote, 353 

Press — First newspaper, 88; first daily 
paper "Valparaiso Practical Observer-," 
■ 89 

Privates' battle of Belington, 106 

Private school for young ladies, 74 

Probate court judges, 251 

Professions — Hardships of the pioneer 
doctor, 239; early physicians, 240; 
physicians in 1912, 244; medical so- 
cieties, 245; first hospital, 246; bench 
and bar, 248; litex'atiire and journal- 
ism, 256 

Pi'osecuting aftoriipys, 251 

Public libraries, 03 ' 

Public school, Chesterton (view), 537 

Public school, Kouts (view), 104 

Pythian Sisters, 281 

Quaker settlement, 146 
Quinn lake, 5 

Uailroads, 65, 161, 163, 169, 183, 190 
Hailroad wrecks, 334 

Eands, Joseph, 780 

Rebekahs, 277 

Recorders, 348 

Reeves ditch, 63 

Rcfinin Mennnnitc chiirh Vnl[iiir;M^o, 

Religious history — FJv>l inis=ion;n'ies, 
292; an interesting relie, 292; Catholic 
missions, 393; early Jfethodist jiastors, 
396; the Presbyterian thiiicb, 299; 
Christian church, 304; (/atliolic church, 
307; Lutherans, .;Oii; llpi^. (,ii;il >lHiirli, 

Rigg, James L., 524 

Rigg, John W., 424 , ^' -t 

Robbins ditch, 64 

Robbins, Lewis IL, 515 

Roljinson, Editha U., 723 

Robinson, Philo JL, 723 

Rogers, Aaron, 327 

Ross township, 38 

Ruge, Harry W., 878 ' 

Ryan, John A., 437 

St Andrew's mission. ;il.'; 

St. John's Evangelical Luthoriiii (lunch, 
Chesterton, 311 

St. John's Evangelical Liilheinn church, 
Valparaiso, 311 

Salem church, 303 

Sail Jlountain Asbestos Company, 237 

Salt creek, 6, 147 

Salyer,Don A., 527 

Salyer, G. Z., 323 

Samuelson ditch, 04 

Samuelson, Peter W., 7t)0 
^and dunes, 8 
.Sandslone, 13 

Sandy Hook creek 5, 

Sargent, Edgar D., 75(1 

Sawyer, Fremont D., 401 

Scene on Flint lake, 5 

Schenck, Harold J., OtKl 

Schlnndt, Frederiek, SI 5 

School statistics, 87 

Schools (see educational d('\ rlujuiicnt) 

I'n ,!vi ,.':-, r 


Science building, Valpai'ai^i> Lulvfr,it\ 
(vie\A), 80 

Scoficld, Ucrbert D., 73G 

Scdley, ISO 

Selman, Steplien C, 609 

Serpent worship, 19 

Settlement and organization - Kaily ix 
plorcrs and fur traders, ;>ii; ti''iil\ ol 
1783, 31; Indiana territory, 33; Fort 
Dearborn, 32; first settlers. 35; fiist 
sale oi pnblic lands, 30; Wuverly and 
Morgan townships, 37; pioneer cus- 
toms, 38; sports and amusements, lU; 
county organization, 41; first eixil 
townships, 44; first elections. 10 

Seventh Indiana Cavalry, 113 

Seventy-third Indiana Infantry, 11 (i 

Sharp's' (John) sacrifice, 346 

Shaw-ne-quo-ke, 132 

SheriiTs, 349 

Sliilo Camp, No. 54, Sons of Veteran?. 

. 385 

Shumake, Lydia, A., 634 

Simpson, Jerry, 326 

Singing schools, 41 

Sixty-third Indiana Infantry, 109 

Skinklc, Albert, 449 

Skinner, DeForest L., 363 

Skinner, Hubert M., 28, 257 

Skinner, Leslie R., 373 

Skinner, Samuel S., 321 

Sleetistorm of 1871 (view), 328 

Small, John E., 735 

Small, Mary J., 735 

Smallpox epidemic of 1899, 247 

Smith, Benjamin F., 649 

Smith, Myron B., 811 

Smith's addition, 195 

Snavely war, 148 

Societies and fraternities — Porter Coun- 
ty Agricultural Society, 261; :Mor- 
gan Prairie Anti Horse Thief Asso- 
ciation, 264; Porter County Old 
Settlers' Association, 205; Masonry, 
267; Independent Order of Odd Fel- 
lows, 274; Knights of Pythias, 279; 

Craiid Army of the Republic, 281; 
Benevolent I'roleetive Oi'der of Elks, 
2S0; Knights of Columbus, 286; 
Modern Woodmen of America, 287; 
Foresters of America, 287; Knights 
of the ]\lae.;ibees, 288; Fraternal 
Order of Eagles, 288;*United Spanish 
War Veterans, 289; Knights and 
Ladies of Honor, 289; literary, social 
and civic organizations, 289 

"^ong of the Old Sac Trail," 28 

Sons of Veterans, 284 

Sunthwest Valparaiso, 195 

N| war, 122 

Slieeht, Charles P., 596 , 

Speeht, Claus F., 790 

S))ooner, William F,, 559 

Spi ijigsboro, 180 

Stage line, 35 

Starr, Puiel, 323 

State Bank of Valparaiso, 220 

■itatr ]i [iresentatives, 350 

State senators, 351 

Statistical review — Commodore Porter, 
347; county otiicers, 348; population, 
354; property valuation, 355 

Steamburg, 144, 145 

Stephens, Joseph A., 840 

Stevens, Walter P., 677 

Stiuchfield, Melvin J., 497 

Stoddard, Laura, 704 

Stoner, Daniel I., 484 

Stoner, G. H,, 523 

Stuiier, Henry, 533 

Storms, 328 

Storms, Henry J., 831 

Sugar beefs, 226 

Suman, Bessie E., 391 

Simian. Isaac C, B.. 382 

Suman, Kate ]\I., 3'JO 

Sumanville, 145 ■ '" 

s~iuiiniei', Sabina J,, 714 

SuMuner, Syhenis J,, 714 

Sn|ieiioi- euurt, 250 

Swedes, ll'itl .. , 

Swedish Lutherans, 309 .■- ' .>' 


.1 I >) : 


Swedish Methoilist cluirch, 299 

TiilPott.Cliailes E., 862 

Talcott, Willinm C, 258 

Xaiiiitlilll Clark L., 6V8 

Tannchill, Nancy A., 678 

Tassiuong. 155 

Tassinojig Presbyterian chiireli, 303 

Teachers' institutes, 85 

Tecuraseh, 25 

Theorell, John J., 729 

Thieving jireacher, 327 

Thirteen Chib, 291 

Thirty-fourth Indiana Infantry, 109 

Three per cent fund, 54 

Three years' high school, 87 

Titus, Emma, 704 

Township history — First townships, 136; 
Boone township, 129; Center town- 
ship, 13«; Jackson township, 142; 
Liberty township, 146; Morgan town- 
ship, 153; Pine township, 159; Pleas- 
ant township, 161; Portage township, 
166; Porter township, 169; Union 
township, 174; Washington township, 
180; Westchester township, 185 

Tratebas ditch, 64 

Treaty of Greenevillc, 24 

Treaty of October 26, 1832, 26 

Treaty of 17*3, 31 

Trust companies, 220 

Turk, Charles G., 713 

Twelftli Indiana Cavalry, 113 

Twentieth Indiana Battery, 114 

Twentieth Indiana Infantry, 108 
■^Vonty-mile prairie, 175 

Twenty-ninth Indiana Infantry, 109 

Union Jlission church, Hebron, 311 

Union school, Valparaiso, 76 

Union township — First settler, 175; 

pioneer implements, 176; first frame 

house, 177; first school house,- 179; 

district schools, 179; first sermon, 

179; railroads, 180 
United Spanisli War Veterans, 389 

Up]). Austin E., 481 

Upper end of Sager's lake (view), 137 

Urbahns, Ben H., 594 

Valparaiso- Original jdul uf I'.iilrr 
ville, ]93; additions. ]<i5; lii.-l build 
iug, 196; early indu.^tiir>, lO'.t; in 
corporation of town of Valparaiso, 
199; stage lines and mail routes. 301 
iueorporation as a, city, 203; first 
city election, 204; miiyors, 204; city 
departments, 206; ligliting and tele- 
phone service, 209; inanufactures, 
210; churches, 211; public school 
buildings, 211; Valparaiso Improve- 
ment Association, 213; Chamber of 
Commerce, 313 ; first paved streets, 
214; mercantile concerns, 2J4. 
Valparaiso band, 1858 (jiortraits), 104 
Valparaiso Building AsstiJeiation^ 323 
Valparaiso Chamber of Commerce, 213 
Valparaiso Chapter, No. 79, R. A. M., 370 
Valjiaraiso Christian church, 305 
Valparaiso Collegiate Institute, 78 
Valparaiso Commandery, No. 38, K. T., 

Valparaiso Council, No. 86, 271 
Valparaiso Council, No. 738, Knights of 

Columbus, 287 
Valparaiso fire department, 306 
Valparaiso Gas Company, 209 
Valparaiso Guards, 105, 107 
"Valparaiso Herald," 92 
Valparaiso Improvement Association, 213 
Valparaiso Lodge, No. 184, K. of P., 279 
Valparaiso Male and Female College, 77 
"Valpar'aiso Messenger," 91 
"Valparaiso moraine," 2 
Valparaiso National Bank, 319 
A'alpaiaiso Presbyterian chnn'li, .".f)l 
Valparaiso Public Library, 05 
"Valparaiso Kepublican," 90 
"Valjiaraiso Star," 92 
Valparaiso Unitarian churcli. V.J J 
Valjiaraiso University, 78 
Valparaiso water works, 307 

,(A'"/| i,(i., ;•;• 

■ ^Ir.) 'M iv/..f 

y .(.l.;ii:,.^ Lini.l 



Valparaiso Wumen's Club, 38!) 
Valparaiso Woolen Mill Company, 2?i I 
Valparaiso &, Jlicliigaii City I'liiiik liouil 

Company, 55 
Vetter, Edward, 855 

Vienna Kiiamcl Stamping Company. "'M't 
Views — Porter county court house (I'lim 
tispiece) ; scene on Flint lake, 5; oM 
college building, Valparaiso, 77; sci- 
ence building, Valparaiso university, 
80; Hebron high school, 86; Hebron 
town hall, 134; upper end of Sager's 
lake, 137; public school, Kouts, Kil; 
country scene, Porter county, ITIi; 
public school, Cliesterton. 187: Xortli 
Washington street, Valparaiso, 191'.^. 
194; Central school building, Valp.i 
raise, 312; old Joe Marks buihliii;.'. 
Valparaiso, 330; sleet storm of 1H7I. 
Voight ditch, 64 
Vote for president (see presidential vofei 

Wabash railway, 69 

Wagon manufacturing, 230 

Walters Post, No. 239, G. A. R.. 283 

Ward, Joseph H., 875 

Ward, Sally 0., 877 

War of 1813, 34, 97 

War of the Eevolution, 97 

Warrfu Keatherbone Company, 237 

Washington township — first settler, 181; 
first township election, 181; schools, 
183; first tavern, 183; first white 
child, 183; first tavern, 183; rail 
roads, 183 

Waverly, 187 

Wiivcriy iownsliip, 37 

Weiler, George E., 605 

Wells, William C, 644 

Wes((lu--iter township, 185 

\Vest Chester township— Schools, ISO. 

towns, 187; railroads, 190; popula 

tion, 190 
■Wc^lciii Kiiiigcr," S8 
\\,>t \.il|i.naiso, 195 
W'h.clcr. 180 ■" " ■ 

Wlnrler iiiuh school, 179 
Wliite, I'-lelcher ]).. 504 ■ 

\A'iesemann. \A'illiam M., SOG 
Willi, im-,, Clinton, 809 
Wjlliams, William IL, 50;.' t 
Wilson, Andrew, 709 , 

Wilson. Kdward A., 872 
W iKnii. .lames M., 509 
Wilson, .li.liii I)., 325 
W il.soii, .kihii H., 803 
Wiisoii, 'rhoma.s J., 586 
\Vil>on. William L., 030 
Willtoiij;, Cliavles O., 833 
A\'oU Creek. 5 
Women's Kelief Corps, 2S4 
Wood. Clayton A., 590 
WoodliuU's addition, 195 
Woods, Mrs. J. B., 556 
Woodville, 153 

"S"oiing Men's Christian Association, \'al- 

pai,nsu. 314 
^■ollll-. Simon .)., 420 
Voiin;: Women's Cliristian Association, 

\al)i:u:UM,, 314 

Zea. .lo,-.ipli W„ 081 
Zicincr. Henry .\.. SIS 
Zuiiicr, .\lai\ A.. 819 


'/: .^T^'V. 

History of Porter County- 








Porter county is situated in the northwestern portion of tlu; st;ite. 
It is bounded on the north hy Lake Michigan; on the east hy Laportc 
county; on the south by the Kankakee river, which separates it from 
Jasper county; on the west by Lake county, and contains an area of 
420 square miles. With regard to physiography, the county is divided 
into three well defined belts or sections, each with distinctive surface 
characteristics. Across the northern part stretches the Calumet reginn, 
so named from the fact that (he Calumet river flows westward tlii'ough 
this belt which contains about 85 square miles. South of this lies the 
Morainic region, which is the largest and most important divisou of 
the county, containing some 230 square miles, or more than one-half 
the entire area of the county. Still farther south is the Xankakre 
basin, lying along the river of that name and extending to the soutlioi] 


i'i !-,; ) 



bouudary of the couutj. The ai-eti oi this region is sligiiily in excess of 
100 square miles. The entile siirlaer oC the county is covered with a 
sheet of glacial drift varying in thicknc;ss from 90 to 140 feet. 

Centuries ago the country soutli imd of Iludsoirs bay had a 
climate similar to that of Gji'cnlfiinl al lln' pi-esent tiinc. Great masses 
of snow, never melting, acciuuulaled into one vast lieid hundreds of 
feet in thickness. Near the ])ottoui of this mass, the miow was con- 
verted into a porou,s, plastic ice by the jiressure from ;djove and thus 
was formed a glacier, wliicli bc.uau io hkivc slowly south and south- 
westward. In this almost JmpiM-cepliMr niotiou, pai-tially decayed rocks 
and masses of clay were deta.clied from tlie liill-sides and can-ie'd along 
by the glacier. When the ice incited the chty and rocks were left to 
form a glacial drift, many miles from where they were first*^)ieked up. 
The drift deposited in this manner is called a terminal moraine. It 
is a deposit of this character wliicli liu'ins iht^ central or iloraiuic region 
of Porter county. The city of Valj)afaiso stands near the crest of the 
formation, which therefore takes the name of the "Valparaiso Moraine." 

Frank Leverett made a special study of portions of this moraine 
and published the results of his investigations in a bulletin of the 
Chicago Academy of Science in 18D7. According to Mi-. Leverett, the 
moraine begins near the bouudary line between Illinois and Wisconsin, 
extending thence southward through purtions of Lake, j^TcIIenry, Cook, 
Dupage and Will counties,' Illinois. It then turns toward the southeast 
and enters the State of Indiana fi'om the .southeastern part of Will 
county. After entering Indiana (he trtiid is iiorthea;stward across Lake, 
Porter and Laporte counties into ]\Iirhiijaii, wliere its course has been 
definitely traced as far as .Moiitralm (•(ninly. Ur. {'liaiuberlain, in 
the Third Annual Report of the United Siatrs (iculogical Survey (1883), 
says: "It may be likened in a general iii.iniiii- Io an immi'iise U embrac- 
ing the great lake between its arms. This gigantic lnoji is over 200 
miles in length and from 90 to 150 mJUs in widtli. Tiir i>arallelism of 
the moraine to the lake shore is one of its mosl striking Irrilures. " 

Where the moraine crosses the western liouudyry of I 'oiler county 

■■' .-i n ■' 

■\ imii )''5Ji 

- j. .1 ,.■:. ,.■ ...■ :.,•,.; ■:■■■ .' 
■y,, .\<--:w.i n iv - ■ 1*1- i •' ■■ 

■,i , ■• >■! 


it is about Jil'teeu miles in width, extciicliiif,' fioiii a point about a mile 
north of the Grand Trunk railroad to tlic edge of tlie Kankakee marshes 
about two miles south of the village ciT IK)ii-(iii. The crest of the mo- 
raine crosses the couutj' line about h;ilt ;i mile south of tlie northwest 
corner of Porter township. It then ;i little north of east to a 
point about one mile west of the city ol' ^'lllparaiso, where it is broken 
by Salt creek flowing northward. Eusi of Salt creek it extends from 
Emmettsburg in a northerly direction 1o r>jbci-ty townsbi]i, nuiking a 
bend to the northward around Flint and Lcing lakes, when it again 
turns eastward and crosses the line into TjajKutc county a little south of 
Clear lake. On the eastern border the nioj-aine is only about five miles 
wide, extending from near the* southern line of Jackson township to 
within about a mile of the Calumet river. 

The topography of the IMorainic Ix'lt in ToiU'r county i.s much more 
varied than farther west. North and west of Hebron there are a number 
of high ridges composed chiefly of clay and covered for the most part 
with timber. Then comes Horse pi-iiiie, a high undulatory region, 
which covers the greater part of the south half of Porter township. On 
this prairie are a number of bowlders of large size, showing evidences 
of the glacial origin of this portion of the country. North of Horse 
prairie a stiff, jClayish subsoil is found near the surface, and a timbered 
area begins which covers the northern half of Porter and the southern 
half of Union townships. The soil over the greater part of this area is 
a whitish clay. Along the crest of the moraine this section is much 
broken liy ridges. The northern part oJ' Union township is chiefly 
sanely soil. A spur of the moraine about two miles in width extends into 
Portage town.ship and includes a portion of Twenty Mile prairie. In the 
western part of Center township tlie moj-nine begins to show more 
j)rominently ajid to assume more distinct ive ghicial characteristics. Here 
there are a number of high ridges, intersecting each other at various 
angles and presenting a broken surface. 'I'lie component materials of 
these ridges, whei-e exposed, consist jiiiiici]iatly of stiff, yellow clay and 
A limestone pebbles, angidar in form and little worn by the action of 

>5!. I ' V . . f)i' 

1-:';'; .crMi. ^.({; •,,) f..j . ■ . : 

ii'.--V;ii ■:,. ifl'l''.' ■ l,.f.- •■ ■■ 

.ij rf 

joi.f. .1 10 i-i. 

'^ j:^J /-' j; 


water. The city of Valparaiso is located on the slope of one of these 
ridges southeast of the main crest of the moraine. In Liberty towiLship 
the northern slope of the moraino is much narrower and more abrupt 
thhn in any part of its couisr in IVirtcr county. One standing near tlie 
Baltimore & Ohio railrond ;ilicnil Iwo miles west of Woodville and look- 
ing southward across a small tributary of Salt creek may get a fine view 
of the moraiuic hills, which here rise to a height of from 100 to 150 
feet above the surrounding ('(nintfy. Farther to the eastward the ir- 
regulai-ities of the surface are strongly marked, and in Jackson town- 
ship, especially in sections 13, 14 and 15j' there are to be seen many of the 
features of a typical, immodificd terminal moraine. Subordinate ridges 
branch off froni the main one in all directions; the largest bowldera 
along tlie moraine are found in this vicinity and are so plentiful that 
the farmers have used them in the construction of fences; numerous 
rounded depressions are setjii. suuk' of .them embracing more than an 
acre in extent, and alternating with these depressions are con-espouding 
rounded knolls of the drepressions. W. S. Blatchley, state geologist, in 
his report for 1897, says: "These 'knobs and basins,' as they are called, 
owe their peculiar formation to the in-egular deposition of tlie glacial 
debris, there probably having been a great isolated mass of ice imbed- 
ded in the debris where each basin now exists. By its melting, a cavity 
w'as left which was separated by a mass of drift material from a some^- 
what similar cavity where another ice mass had been imbedded. The 
shape and size of each cavity or basin depends upon the shape and size 
of the ice block and the amount of drift originally covering it. AVhere 
an impervious bed of clay was h'ft or has accunmlated in the bottom 
of the 'basin,' the latter often fills with water and a small lake results. 
Such was doubtless the origin of r.uU's Eye lake, two miles north of 
Valparaiso, whose area is but oiw-half acre, and whose waters are 45 
feet in depth." 

In this connection it is wortljy of note that practically all the small 
lakes in Porter county are of moraiuic origin. The principal ones are 
Eliza, Quinn, Flint, Long, Biill's Eye and Clear lakes, each of which 

■».o -.0 

.'h-.: .huf:^ li.r 

;-,,j"('»'-''T . '-t ;n|; t 

.'•ii;ii :>■;! ;.■ ■ ■-::(, 'i 

jf.i-' '.:'; (.. ■■. -"J. 

>l--f. -;<?; lil';:!- 

;(i,, ,,,,;; 

i<.r;;-V' lU ^-J'VI 

i,v' ,iv<i..u 


lies verj' near to the summit of the, main crest of the moraine. Lake 
Eliza, one of the prettiest in the connty, is situated in the extreme north- 
ern part of Porter township, about two miles ejist of the western line of 
the county. It contains an area of aliout forty acres and it is surround- 
ed by oak groves. Quinn lake with an aria of Iwdvc acres, lies about 
a mile southeast of Eliza. The outlet of tln'sc two lakes is Wolf creek, 
a tributary of Sandy Hook creek. Flint lake lies about three miles 
nearly north of Valparaiso and about a mile east of the crest of the mo- 
raine. It covers an area of ninety-five acres, and its waters have an 
average depth of aljout forty feet. It is surrounded by high ridges, 

Scene on Flint Lake. 

those oji i\\i north and east being covered with timber. Long lake oc- 
cupies a narrow morainic valley a short distance northwest of Flint 
lake, with which it is connected by a small drain. The natural outlet of 
these two lakes is a branch of Crooked creek, one of the tributai'ies of 
-ihe Kankakee river. Long lake is about three-fourths of a mile in 
length with a maximum width of some forty rods. Clear lake is located 
on the line between Porter and Laporte counlios about two miles north 
of the line dividing Jackson and Washington townships. It covers an 
area of about thirty acres and its w^atcrs average about twenty-five feet 
in depth, but it has no outlet. All lakes, as previously stated, lie 
near the crest of the moraine and their chief source of water supply is 
the natural rainfall, each lake draining a small aiea of the adjacent 

1 / li'./('' .If 

' '1.' V) .:,. ; 

,1 ir:. ,1- ' 


country. With the settlemeut ol' the cmiiilrv. the cuttiuy; .-iway of 1lie 
timber and the draining of the hind, il is n()ti<'cd that the water in tliese 
lakes is gradually diminishijig. and j^eoloyists ])i(<lict that th( time will 
come \vhen they will entirely dijs;ijii)ear. 'I'lic waters ol" Flint lalcc have 
receded more than fifty feet from thrir Im uicr margins. .Mm-h of tliis 
recession is due to the fact, however, that the city of Va]|)ar,iis(i tlrav.s 
its water supply from the lake, )ie,'ii'ly a millidii ij:allons being lalc'-u from 
it daily. 

The drainage system of Porter county is gowrned almcist exchisively 
Iiy tlie topography of tlie central beU, tiic watershed si-parating the 
great lake basin from the MississIiJiu valley cut responding very closel.v 
to the sunnnit of the moraine already deseiilied. Except the (!aluiuet 
and Kankakee rivei-s, all the streams of i'insei|u.iice draining Ihe eouiity 
have theii- sources on or near the erest of ilu- divide. All fluise starting 
north of the crest line flow into Lake ilieliigan either direelly or through 
the Calumet river, while all those I'ising sonth of the crest, with one ex- 
ception, find their way into the Kankaki'e i iver. That e\ee])tJon is 
Salt Creek, which rises in Morgan townshij) a nil tlows in a north westei-ly 
direction, piercing the crest not far from Emmettsburg, its watei.s finally 
reaching the Calumet river in Portage township. South of the divide 
the principal streams ai'e Crooked and Sandy Hook creeks. The former 
has no tributaries worthy of mention, but the latter receives the waters 
of Wolf creek, the west branch of tlie Samly Tlook, and C'ornell creek. 
All these streams are of small size and sluggish in their flow. In addition 
to Salt creek, the principal stream in the lunlhern part of tlie county is 
Coffee creek, which rises near the erest of the divide in the southern 
part of Jackson township and flows in a geneial northwesterly dii-ection 
until it empties into the Calumet river at Chesterton. 

Geologists account for the formation of Ihe Calunu'l or Xoi'theru 
region as follows: After the formation ol the terminal moraine, the 
glacier slowly receded toward the nortlieasl. le;i\iiig l)etw('en the great^ 
ice wall and the inner slope of the moraine a low area, whii'h was soon 
covered witli water from the melting ghieiei' and from rainC-ill. This 

■■■..././ ■•.;.! ,■! ii ■ ) it- 1^ 

I 111 .. 
•I .t;;r 


body of water, known to geoloticists ;is "t^ake Chicago," continued to 
rise until it ovei'flowed the moraine at the ktwcst point, which happened 
to he near the preseut city of Cliicasio, and fhrou^di the outlet thus form- 
ed the waters of the ghicial laku found tlicir way to the Des I'laiues 
river, and ultimately to the Mississijipi. lllatchley says: "The area 
of tliis lake was necessarily a variahle one ; since the ice dain on the north 
was all the time slowly receding. However, the name Lake Chicago is 
applied to all its stages from the time of the first opening of the Chicago 
outlet until its final closing on accnunl of the overflow of the Great 
Lakes, finding for itself a new cliannel tiirongli the Niagara river." 

With the opening of the Niagai'a clianui'l and the (ireat Lakes talking 
something like their present form, llic watei's of Lake Chicago disappear- 
ed, leaving a low tract of land hetwccn the terminal moraine and the 
lake basin. Leverett has discovered tliic(> well defined ridges which mark 
in part the old shore line of Lake Chicago at diflferent stages. To these 
ridges he has given the name of l)eaches. The upper or Glenwood beach 
was thrown up by the first stage of the lake and is so named because 
it is well exposed at the town of Glenwood, a few miles south of Chi- 
cago. It enters Indiana at Dj'er and continues due east unbroken for a 
little more than two miles, where it becomes broken into sand hills or 
dunes, which extend to a point about two miles east of Sclierervillc, where 
they come to an end. 

The middle or Calumet beach, formed at a later stage, enters Indiana 
about four miles north of Dyer and extends almost due east for a dis- 
tance of eight miles. Here it is joined by Glenwood beach, which makes 
its reappearance near the village of Grififith, and side by side they trend 
northeastward to a point near the Calumet river about two miles north- 
east of Cri.sman, Porter county, where they terminate abruptly. 

Again the waters of the lake receded, and when they again advanced 
tliey threw up the third ridge, known as the lower or Tolleston beach, 
since it passes through the Indiana town of that name. It crosses the 
western boundary of the state a mile north of the Little Calumet river 
and from there extends almost due east to ]\liller's Station on the Bait- 

'> '^■:''- ■■'■■■■-■'■ :■.-'! , 

( I 


-.. I, 

1^' >;•!((. .vj,.« ;.i,u i .;;■, ,f .^ , ,:,■, , ,,! >, . 

hnn; v,,f. .,1,;-.; -,,-,( ,<■,: 


ii-ij-. , >f; 

■r>'.' ■■:'.! ru) ■•!,., ;;,,•; t' ,,;!;;;: ,,, ,..„ . 

;.) V/-,ii!t 7i:i,; 


imore & Ohio and Lake Shore railroads. Here it diverges sliglitly to 
the northeast and ends near the northeast corner of Portage township, 
Porter county. 

North of the Calumet river, in Westchester and Pine 1o\vnshij)s, are 
two low lying beaches, thought to be a continuation of llic (llcnwoud 
and Calumet beaches. In places they are separated by a n.'vrow marsh 
lying a short distance north of the Michigan Cenlral j'aihvny. ivist of 
Furnessville the southern licach lies mainly soutli of tin- ^Mii/higaii Cen- 
tral and the northern beaoh eaters Laporte county nui far fioni tlie 
Northern Indiana Penitentiary. 

Between the beaches thus formed by the advancing and receding 
watei-s of old Lake Chicago, there have been deposited sand and silt 
until the Calumet region has been built up to its present slate. The 
amount of sand thrown up by the waves of Lake IMiclupan u]i(>ii the 
sliores of Lake and Porter counties has been thus computed by Dr. Ed- 
mund Andrews: "For 25 miles west of Michigan City the beach main- 
tains an average cross section of about 6,000. 'square yards, and its con- 
tents are 264,000,000 cubic yards. In this division the Itcacli is in the form 
of a lofty belt of sand dunes, about one-third of a mile wide and in 
places 160 to 200 feet in height. In the next eight miles (extending to 
the Indiana line) the beach spreads out into a broad belt of low parallel 
ridjes, about two miles in extreme width. This division has a ci'oss 
section of about 16,000 square yards, after deducting the sand which was 
deposited by Lake Chicago. It contents amounted to 225,280,000 cubic 
yards. ' ' 

The sand dunes form the piost picturesque and striking feature of 
the country's scenery. Sometimes they are great ridges of sand, a mile 
or more in lengtli, but more frequentl.y they are found as isolated hills. 
The highest of these hills is Mount Tom in Westchester township, the 
crest of which is about 190 feet above the waters of Ijakc Michigan. 
In the vicinity of Dune Park the ridges are almost entirely devoid of 
vegetation. Blatchley says: "Their bared sui'face, 50 to 100 feet in 
height, with sand piled just as steeply as it will lie, gleams and glistens 

'J ,0 

!l -':;:l'i!"-0'! 

i.. o'la :}^;r:i5! ■•'i^ .,....'1 r'ili.*! i- ■fj'l.f .i'; ilj r\,;, 

'D,^ li'iio,; •: ,-:T" :.-.,.- .^.Iil'^^ '!"; , ;r'.( . : ;-.^v« ■ 


ill the sunlight and reflects the summer's heat witli unwonted force. 
Othi:r ridges and rounded hills, especially those back some distance from 
the lake, are often covered with black oak, northern scrub pine, stunted 
white pine, and many shrulvs and licrbs peculiar to a soil of ^;!1K^. The 
roots of this vegetation form a network about the sand grains and i)re- 
vent the leveling of the dunes. In time, however, a tree is uprooteci, or 
a forest lire burns off the vegetation. The protecting network of root- 
lets is desti'oyed. A bare spot results over which the winds freely play. 
A great storm from the north or northwest scooj^s out a small bowl- 
sliaped cavity, and, carrying the sand either south of soul li west, drops 
it over the hillside. The cavity is cut deeper and wider by succeeding 
storms, and a great 'blow-out' in time results. Where a few years be- 
fore stood a high hill or imbroken ridge now exists a valley, or a cavity 
iu the hillside, acres, perhaps, in extent, and reaching ne^ii-ly to the 
level of the lake. The sands which once were there now fdiistilule new 
hills or ridges which have traveled, as it were, a greater distance inlantl. 
In many places the drifting sands have wholly or partly covered a tall 
pine or oak tree. Where but partly covered, its dead (somctiines liv- 
ing) top projects for a few feet above the crest of the hiU or ridge. One 
may rest in its shade and not realize that he is sheltered hy the uiijicr 
limbs of a large tree whose trunk and main branches lie far lieneatli 
him embedded in the sands." 

The Calumet river, which drains this northern region of the county, 
has its source in Laporte county a short distance east of the Porter 
county line. It is a slow slug^sh stream with low banks, suliject to 
overflow with the melting of the snows and the usual rainfall of early 
spring. After crossing the county line about half a mile jiortli of the 
morainic belt, it flows almost due west through Pine and Westchester 
townships to Dune Park, where it turns slij^htly to thn southeast and 
enters Lake county about a mile south of Long Lake. Then, following 
a westward course, it crosses the state line about three miles south of 
the city of Hammond. Prom this point it follows a noi-thwcstcrly 
course to a point near Blue Island, Illinois, where it make a sharp curve, 

'■■'" '•-■■■-■■:■' (J! .■i.u 

10 TITHTORV (>'<' l'OKTI':i; TOUNTY 

flowinji- first northeast mikI lliou southeast, until it again enters tlie State 
of Indiana not far from Ilaumioiid. It llii-ii flews eastward and finally 
empties into Lake IMiehigau in scctioi) 31, township 37, north, raii^'e 7, 
West, less than tliree luih's frdiu the point where it first enters Lake 
coimty. To distinguisli tin' Iwd parallel si reams flowing across Lake 
county, .the one flowing westwai-d is eaUed the Little Calumet and 
tlie northern stream — tlie one flowing east v, id — is called the Grand 
Calumet. During the spring i'vesliets, flie Calumet marshes lieeome 
the temporary home of myriads of uati'i-fiiw 1 and a fruitful field for 
the sportsman. 

That portion of Porter eount>' lying south, of the southern border 
of'the Valparaiso moraine is iui-huietl in the Kankakee (lasin. Of this 
section aliout sixty-five sijuare miles ol swamp land proper and 
forty square miles of prairie, wliieh lies fiom ten to forty feet above 
the level of the lands. The Kaukak. . rive)-, which forms the 
southern boundary of the county, is note'! for the crookedness of its 
channel, its low banks and its sluggish current. From its source in a 
marsh about three miles southwest of the city of South Bend, Indiana, 
to where it crosses the state line at the southwest corner of Lake coun- 
ty is, in a direct line, about seventy-five miles. Yet, within that dis- 
tance the stream is said to make 2,000 bends and to flow a total distance 
« of 240 miles. 

The Kankakee marshes con.stitute tlic most e.xtensive body. of swamp 
land in the state. Some of the lands liave liecu reclaimed and brought 
under cultivation. Before this was done tlie area of marsh lands in 
the seven counties drained by the Kankakee was estimated at 500,000 
acres. As early as 1858 an effort was nuide lo i-iclaim some of the marsh 
lands by the excavation of a lai-ge ditch. 'I'lie experiment showed that 
the lands could be drained and a few ycais later the legislature of In- 
diana passed a law under which was oi'gatn/ed the "Kankakee Valley 
Drainage Association," with power to lcv\ .issessments against the 
lands to be benefited. In many inslanees these ,is-.essmeuts wei-e opposed 
upon the grounds that they were unjust, eMcss-ve or partial; iiuligna- 

YT.i'lu'' •;M'I 

M ) 1 . n 


tion meetings were held, and tlie opposition gicw so loi-inidable and de- 
termined that the association passed out of existciice witliout making any 
serious attempt to carry out the works for whicli it was organized. Since 
then various schemes have been tried for the i)iii pusc of reclaiming tlie 
land. In 1870 another large ditch was dug. This was follo>ved by 
dredging the trilmtaries of the Kankakee, whieli liad a good efPecL. 
A mile of rock, seven feet in thickness, was remnxed liom the river at 
Momence, Illinois, at the expense of the state of Indiana, and thousands 
of dollars have been expended in other directions. No richer soil can be 
found in the state. It is a dark, sandj' loam, i-icli in ort^anic matter, and 
ranges from three to six feet in depth. AVhevc bi-oiighf undei' cultivatio<^ 
good crops are the universal residt. In 1897 ]?lafchlcy estimated the 
amount of unreclaimed marsh land in Poi-tcr county at 40,000 acres, 
which he says "for at least four months of the year arc covered with 
from one to five feet of water; and during the (dur remaining months 
this area is an immense bog or quagmire." 

Geologically, Porter county is comparati\cl\' young. At several 
points where deep bores have been driven the bed rock has generally been 
found to be the black Genesee shale of the Devonian age. In some places 
in Lake county it is the lower Helderberg limestone, and in others it is 
the Niagara limestone, both of the Upper Silurian age. Says Blatchley : 
"Could all the drift be removed from the surface of Lake and Porter 
counties the elevations of the different portions of the exposed surface 
would be found to var^- but little, and tlie three formation.? — Genesee 
Shale, Lower Helderberg and Niagara limestones — would be exposed 
^s the surface rock, each occupying its respective area above mentioned. 
If the black shale could in turn be stripped fi'om the area which it covei"s, 
beneath it would be found the Lower Helderberg, and beneath that the 

Consequently there are no fossils of importance to tlie scientist to be 
found in the countj', except possibly a few belonging to the Silurian age, 
and these have been deposited by the glai'ial drift. Remains of the 
mastodon have been found in the Kankakee marsh three miles southeast 


■'•''■■/ij;';' ■:■ 


if; I . ^ 

ri'--: r, ,;, 

■f (hf. .1,1, 


of Hebron, near Sandy Hook creek a .short distance nortlnvcst of Kouts, 
and in a marsh on Cobb's creek east of nel)ron. In each of Ihcso cases 
a few bones or teeth were discovered while excavating a draiii;i<;i' ditch, 
and no sj'steiuatic search was made for the rest of the skck'lon. 'J'lu' most 
perfect skeleton ever fonnd in the county was the one nucirtlied by 
some woi'kmen engaged in excavating what is known as the Kosclko ditch 
in Washington township in the fall of 1911. On Ndvcndn'f 1, IStll, a 
suit was filed by Mrs. Zada Cooper in the Porter Snperior Conrl, chiimiiig 
to be "the owner of and lawfully entitled to possession of tlic I'dUowiiig 
per.sonal pi-operty, to wit: The head, consisting of the .skull, iipjier and 
lower jaws, and teeth, fonrteeu vertebrae, two hiiiiicii. two uhiac, two 
patellae, twelve riba, two tusks and other minor hours foiniiui;' ainl mak- 
ing a part of a .skeleton of a cert;iin mastodon, a prrliisl'.iii- nninial of 
immense size, ' ' etc. 

'"William Hubbard, Herman Shales and Jacob E. Davis, the uien who 
discovered the skeleton", were made the defendents, and in her complaint 
Mrs. Cooper placed a value of $500 upon tlie bones, which she claimed 
had been discovered on a tract of land owned by her. The case was 
finally compromised, the plaintiff taking part of the skeleton, the defend- 
ents retaining possession of some of the bones, and a portion of the .skele- 
ton was left in the gi'ound. By a compromise of this character no one 
was hiaterially benefited by the discovery. The ma,stodon inhabited 
this country' at the close of the glacial period, and the remains found 
in Porter countj' were doubtless left there by one of the great masses of 
lee, probably the one which formed the Valparaiso moi-ainc. 

"With regard to the economic geology of Porter county, it is worthy 
of note that it contains but few mineral productions of couiniercial 
value. Neither coal, building stone, oil nor natural gas has been found 
within its borders. Molding sand of fine quality occurs at several places, 
the best known deposits being near McCool, in Portage towiishii), and 
near the "Nickel Plate" railway a short distance southeast of the city 
of Valparaiso. In the marsh north of Furnessville and along tlic Sandy 
Hook creek in Morgan township thci-e are large peat beds, but flicy have 

yl Lfi (.(."( 

:..■■ .n^;;r.5 :m(^ (; 

O! j£i,,.l -l.It 


never been developed, owing doubtless to tlie I'.Ht tbat coal can be deliver- 
ed by tbe many railroads so clieaply Ibat il would be unprofitable to 
work the peat deposits. Beneath the peat boj's, esjiecially in the Caliunet 
region, there are great quantities of limonitr or hog iron ore. In tbe 
peat marsh north of Furuessvillc have liceu found masses of limonite 
weighing several hundred pounds, but tlie ore is too impure to compete 
with the high grade ores from the Lake Superior, IMissoui-i and other 
iron mines. Some years ago a blast furnace was erected at Mishawaka, 
St. Joseph county, for the redu'eton of tin/ liog oics found in the Kankakee 
region, but it has long since ceased to exist. 

In 1859 Richard Owen made a geological reconnaissance of IndianfT, 
and in his report says: "On Mr. Howell 's elevated land, about three- 
quarters of a mile southeast of Valpaiaisi), on section 30 (35 north, 5 
M'est), we. were shown good gray ciyslalliiK' limestone which had been 
quarried arid burned into lime; but as the layci- is only two or three feet 
thick, and apparently local in extent, it was soon abandoned. Unfortu- 
nately, no fossils were found, the lithographic or lithological character 
however, indicates a rock of Upper Silurian age." 

Subsequent investigation developed the fact that IMr. Howell did 
burn lime 'there, but the stone was not in strata, being set up on edge, 
the supply proved to be limited, and the stone was no doubt of the drift 
origin. In the fall of 1897 it was reported that an outcrop of sandstone 
had been discovered on the land of John 'rratcbas in the western, part 
of Liberty township in one of the Salt creek bluffs. Beneath some sixteen 
feet of soil, clay and sand was a vein of calcareous sandstone formed 
T>y the cementing action of carbonate of lime on the grains of sand. 
The blocks of it were rough and irregular in size, and when exposed 
showed a tendency to disintegrate into loose sand. 

From a commercial standpoint the mosi important mineral products 
of the county are the clay deposits which occtir at various places. These 
clays are sedimentarj' in their structui-c and are divided into two groups 
— the "drift" clays and the "marly" chiNs. The drift clays are made 
into common brick and int" tile at llcluon, Valparaiso and near 



■", \>i 


Chesterton, and the marly clays ai-i; mauufactured iuto a fine quality ol 
pressed front 'brick at Chesterton, Porter and Garden City. At the last 
named place there is an extensive de|)osit of a fine yiiiiuVd bluish gray 
clay, which a chemical analysis slmws to be very similar in eompositiou 
to the celebrated terra cotta clay used at Glenn's Falls, New York. The 
pressed brick factory at Porter is one of the largest (if not the largest/ 
in the state. It is owned and operated by the Chica,i;:o Hydraulic Pres,-. 
Brick Company and has been iu operation since .18!)0. At Chestex'tou, 
less than a miTe east, the Chicago 15rick Company has a large plant, 
capable of turning out 35,000 brick daily. 'There is also a company at 
Garden Citj' which manufactures porous fire proof products, the clay 
being well adapted to that 

Several artesian or flowing wells have been bored within the county. 
.Near the northeast corner of Jackson township, just within tbe borders 
of the moraine, Edward Stevms put down a well in June, 18!)7, which 
proved to be a flowing well. The (otal depth was eight y-four feet, and 
the water rose through a two-inch pipe to a height of foiu' feet above 
the surface with a flow of six gallons per minute. The Blair well, in the 
extreme northeastern corner of the county, has a depth of 840 feet and 
a flow of eighty gallons per minute. For a time a sanitarium was main 
tained here for the treatment of patients, but after the death of the owner 
the use of the water for medical purposes has been practically aban- 
doned. The water contains 6!)0 grains of solids to tlu' gallon', chiefly 
chloride of sodium, bicarbonate of calcium, chloride of njagnesium, sulph- 
ate of calcium and sulphate of potassiuna. The Chicago Hydraulic Press 
Bi'ick Company bored a deep well at their works at Porter in the hope of 
obtaining natural gas. This dcvclupcd into an artesian well with a floiv 
of about 7') gallons per minute. Dr. J. II. Salisbury of tlie Northwestern 
University made an analysis of tlie water with the following result: 

(ji'ains per Gal. 

Sodium chloride '. .208.76 

Calcium chloride 51.93 

Alagnesium chloride 38.71 

) ■■i'.'}.''^' '■' ' J' 

iij'ii '.■ 'cli^)!! *> oJ " i 

;tTr(C. . 


Ammonium chloride .' 0.44 

Potassium chloride • 13.18 

Potassium sulphate 17.08 

Calcium carbonate 11.14 

Silica -.'. 1.10 

Total solids per gallon 342.34 

Commenting upon his analysis, Dr. Salisbury said: "The wafer 
from Porter is very free from injurious organic matters. It is vo-y 
useful for drinking at the well in cases which need ^alterative or laxative 
treatment; and it is also useful £or baths and for sanitarium purposes, 
lis sulphuretted hydrogen will not long be retained if exposed lo the 

In his report for 1897 State Geologist Blatchlej' publishes a table of 
altitudes in Porter coixnty, from which the following are taken, the 
figures in each case I'epresenting the of feet above esa level : 

Chesterton, L. S. Railway .' 670 

Coburg, B. & 0. Railway 795 

Crest of Moraine, sec. 35, T. 36, R. 6 west 825 

Crisman, i-ailway crossing . ' 645 

Flint Lake (surface of water) 825 

PurnessvHle '. 670 

Kankakee river (Dunn's bridge) 663.7 

Kouts 687 . - 

Morgan Prairie sec. 36, T. 35, R. 5 west 758 

-^, Summit, near center sec. 30, T. 36, R. 5 west 888 

Valparaiso, Grand Trunk station 820 • 

Valparaiso, Court House yard 803 ' ' 

AVheeler 665 ; ' 

Woodville 721 

By comparison of these altitudes with a map of the county one may 
get a fairly good idea of the general surface characteristics. Tlie level 
marked "Summit" in the table was run by Henry Rankiu while surveyor 

: V: r 

^■. 'L 

i'''M',!'i-I ■:.;: ^,,01 i,j^ 

)f.:!f \r 

'^M\:.-A h 

tr.'f// r. ,ii in, 


>.n,:,;\ .<.^_Lt.;•<;.i|l.„V 

■'•''! "I ■ l.'.friic 


# - '- ~ 

of the county. The point, indicated is near the line between Jackson and 

Liberty townshiijs, about lour and a half miles north of Valparaiso, and 
is believed to represonf Ihr highest point of land in Poi-ter county. 

This chapter may Ijc brought to an appropriate close by a brief men- 
tion of the fauna and flora of the county. Many of the ajiimals that once 
roamed over this section of the country are extinct. "While the region 
was inhabited by the Indians food and fur-bearing animals were plenti- 
ful. Notable among these were the Buffalo, deer, elk, otter and beaver. 
Smaller animals, some of which are still to be found, were the gray and 
fox squirrels, the slomk, the muskrat, the timber wolf and occasionally a 
porcupine. Around tlie lakes and swamps waterfowl were abundant, 
especially during their migi-ating seasons, and the streams teemed with 
edible fishes, making a (hvcjling place well suited to the Red man. 

• In addition to this tlic primitive inhabitant found along the sand 
ridges a profusion of wild fruits — cranbernes, huckleberries, grapes, 
cherries, plums, etc Wild rice grew in the marshes, and nut bearing 
trees of various kinds were to be found in the groves. Rev. E. J. Hill of 
Englewood, Illinois, has made a special study of the sand dune area, 
and has found there a number of species of plants not noted by botanists 
in other sections of the state. In the Biilletin of the Chicago Academy 
of Science in 1891 wa.s jiublished a list of some one hundi'ed and twenty 
9f these species. Aside from the well known forest trees, this list in- 
cluded the white, red and dwarf birch, the common pawpaw, wild red, 
sand and choke-cherries, several varieties of grapes, violet prairie and 
bust clover, asters of different kinds, the golden rod, various species of 
sumach, and a large variety of mid flowers. State Geologist Blatchley 
says: "There is no belter place for an extended botanical study of a 
limited area in the state than among the dunes, swamps, peat bogs, 
prairies and river bottoms of this area, and it is to be hoped that some 
one with leisure and ability will, before it is further modified by man, 
make a complete and permanent record of its flora." 


H ' i ru i''"!' '■ Ji 

.' b:. 

..1. : ■ ■- M" 
• ,1 ■?•... t;,, •- 

•f -It nl 

n : ,i-;;,; .m, 

1 -i- 







Before the white man the Indian ; before the Indian the Mound 
Builder. Who were the Mound Buiklers? Whence came they and . 
wither did they go? These questions have enlisted the atcution ol' 
etlmologists for many years, but they have never been definitely nor 
satisfactorilyt answered, and probably never will be. The earthworks 
and implements left by the Mound Builders show tliat they practiced 
agriculture, and that in some respects they were more civilized than the 
Indians found here by the white men. 

The glacial drift has revealed human bones near the skeletons of 
mastodons, and this fact has led some of the eavl.v wriler.s — notablj' Fos- 
tei', Squier & Davis, Baldwin, Conant and Bancroft— to advance the . . . 
theory that the ]\Iound Builders constituted a race of gi'cat antiquity — a *i i, I' 
race that has been extinct foV thousands of ycai-s. Later investigations .,\. . 
have caused other ethnologists to arrive at the conclusion Dial thcMound 
Builders were ^e ancestors, and not so very remote eithc-, of tlie Indians ' r;-.\:i' ■ 
who inhabited North America at the time tlie cnntinent was discovered 

Vol, 1—2 


■\ >;.l,'j-v '. :;'!■ 

[n-v v,:ii .. ■ 
^fv rM,ii,. .< ■ - ■,„ 

■.I'l :.;•;- ■-,-■ :' .. 


by Columbus. Among the representatives of tliis later school are J^ishop 
Madison, Schoolcraft, Sir John Lubbock, Prof. Lucieu Carr, of Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, and Cja-us Thomas of the United States r>iireiiu 
of EthDolo<;y. , 

All over that portion of the United States east of the Rocky moun- 
tains are scattered the mounds erected by this peculiar people. JMr. 
Thomas, in the Fifth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology, 
divides the country into eight districts, as follows: 1. Wisconsin includ- 
ing the state of that name; 2. Illinois and Upper Mississippi, emljracing 
eastern Iowa, northeastern Missouri and northern and central Illinois; 
3. Ohio, which includes the State of Ohio, the western part of -West Vir- 
ginia and eastern Indiana ; 4. New York and the lake region of the cenlral 
portion; 5. The Apjialachian district, embracing western NOrth Carolina, 
eastern Tennessee, southwestern Virginia and southeastern Kentucky ; 
6. -The Middle Mississippi district, which includes southeastern Missouri, 
northern Arkansas, middle and western Tennessee, western Kentucky-, 
southern Illinois and the Wabash Valley in Indiana ; 7. The Lower 
Mississippi district, including the southern half of Arkansas, Louisiana 
and Jlississippi ; 8. The Gulf district which embraces all the Gulf states 
east of ]\Iississipi3i. "While the mounds in general bear a striking 
resemblance to each other in structure, etc., those of each district possess 
cert^n characteristics peculiar to the locality, indicating that the Mound 
Builders were divided into tribes or families, each of which followed 
certain cu.stoms not known or practiced bj' the otliers. Frequently the 
mounds take the form of birds, serpents or animals. This is especially 
true of the mounds of Wisconsin, in which the outlines of the deer, fox, 
lynx and eagle have been distinctly ti-aced. Some writers tJiink these 
effigy mounds were totems, worshipped by the people as guardians of 
the villages, but* no inscriptions nor traditions have been found to tell 
how or what the Mound Builders worshipped, and tlie mounds themselves 
tell a meager story. , 

One of the greatest effigy mounds so far discovered is the "Great 
Serpent Jlound" in Adams county, Ohio. It is located on a bluff, wliich 

../;) i'l 

■ :IM^ :l ;.• 



is itself serpentine in form, overlooking Brush creek, and is 1,348 feet in 
length. Tlie month of the serpent is open and directly in front of it is 
a low artificial mound, while in the vicinity are several hui-ial mounds. 
From the fact that the serpent appears to have heeu a favorite form of 
effigy, Peet thinks that the serpent worship prevailed to some extent 
among the Mound Builders, hut this, like other theories, is largely a 
matter of conjecture and sjieculation. About all that is definitely settled 
regarding the mounds is that some were erected for sacrificial purposes; 
some for signal stations or lookout towers, lint hy far the greater numher 
niSrk the burial places of priests, warriors or rulers. In the Tennessee 
district, graves were often formed by slabs of sto)ie set on edge and 
confained one or more skeletons. One mound, not far from Nashville, 
about forty-five in diameter, when opened was found to contain about 
100 skeletons. 

A large part of the Twelfth Annual Report of the United States 
Bureau of Ethnology is devoted to the Jlound Builders and their works. 
On page 526 of this report Jlr. Thomas, who had charge of the work, 
says: "Examining the maps of Indiana and Illinois, M'hicli are given 
together, we sec that the works are confined principally to the eastern 
])ortion of the former and the western porton of the latter. In the 
eastern part of Indiana the rule of following tlie streams seems to have 
been to a laR'ge extent abaailoned; especially is this the case with the 
jlusler in the extreme northeastern corner and the belt connnencing a 
little north of the middle of the state and extending down the eastern 
border to the Ohio river. This belt, which pertains to the group in 
-jiputhwestern Ohio, seems to' be connected with the Wabash series by 
lines of works along the east and west forks of White river. The gi-oup 
along the Wabash is confined chiefly to the middle and lower portions 
of the valley." 

From this quotation one would naturally infer that there are no 
iijouuds of conseiiuence in the lake region of northern Indiana. This is 
true, in the main, but in tbe counties of Laporte, Porter and Lake there 
ai-e abundant evidences tljat tlie Jlonnd Buildei's once inhabited tliis 

Hid-- ,./ I 

■;;X'il. '.'M . ; ■■. .,] (.,;;(iy; y.;-:i 

•■•'.,■■■: ' >.U,i : ..'■ 

■ ''i-J 111; I'jf'tV; .1' ' ' 

fr -Iff. 

IV :', 

.;.;,, // 

'.' i'.V. 

: Wlf • ;;>! 


region. A few yeare ago Dr. Iligday exj)kirod a group of some twenty 
mounds ou a small tributary of the Kniikakee .sonic twelve miles from 
the eit^- of Laporte. Among other things he found lliree skeletons — two 
adults and one child — one skull, two copper hiiteliets, a bear-sluiped pipe, 
two copper needles, an earthen vessel tilled with mould and pieces of 
tortoise shell, a few flint knives and pieces of galena and mica. 

In Lake county there ai'e several mounds aloiis the shores of Cedar 
lake, from which several skeletons, pieces of lead ore, arrow ])oints, etc., 
have been taken. About a mile south of llobavt are the reiuiuns of four 
mounds M'hich have been almost leveled by cnl1i\-atioii. Tliey have never 
been explored, biit a stone hatchet and se\rral small Hints have been 
found ill the immediate vicinity. From two ii^)unds smith of Orchard 
Grove have been taken portions of human Nkeli;toii.s, arrow heads and 
pottery, and-on a "sand i.'5iand" near by is the so-called "Indian Battle 
Ground," showing a low breastwork or artilicJal ridge of earth enclosing 
two sides of an area of some three acres of gioand. Withi)i the enclosure 
were about 200 holes resembling the rifle pits of modern Avai-fare. Numer- 
ous skeletons have been found in this immediate locality. 

Although Porter county has not been found so rich in prehistoric 
remains as some of hei'^ister counties, one of the finest groups of mounds 
in northern Indiana lies within her borders. The original field notes 
of the United States land survej^ in 1834, mention the fact that the 
north and south line between sections 33 and 34, township 34 north, 
range 6 west, "passes over a large artificial mound surrounded bj' a 
number of smaller ones." A copy of the original plat now on fil*in the 
state auditor's office at Indianapolis shows this larger mound on the 
section line, with a group of nine smaller mounds surrounding it in a 
circle. This is the group of mounds located about a mile and a half 
east of the village of Boone Grove, on the south side of Wolf creek. ' At 
the present time there are eight mounds visible on an area of some thirty 
acres. The plat of the original survey above mentioned shows ten 
mounds, but it is possible that two of them have been obliterated by 
the plow. Seven of the mounds are situated on Iho high wooded ground 

.(. . .■■ . .'f'-'' 

-i .;,j iil>; I' ■ •! 

n".i\i ■*••' >-■.■ 


close to Wolf creek. The eighth, and largest, is in an open field near 
the northeast corner of section 33, townsliip 34 north, range 6 west. 
Tt is ahoiit TOO feet in diameter and Iwdvc feet in heigth. In the fall 
of 1897 the owner of the farm, John AVark, ga\c tlie state geologist tlie 
privilege of investigating the mound, and (he result is thus told by 
Mr. Blatchley in his official report for lliat year. "A ditch was dug 
three feet wide, 82 feet long, and, at the center of the mound, 14 feet 
in depth. The mound was found to be composed of a compact, yellowish 
clay, iu which were a few scattered iiehliles of small size. In the exact 
center and ten feet from the crest, the earth liccame darker, harder ayd 
more compact. Six inches lower was a layer of lilack organic matter, in 
which were the remains of a very badl\ decayed liiniian skeleton. It lay 
in a reclining position with its head to llie soulli. Only a few pieces 
of bone and 14 teeth were removed, the remainder crumbling to dust. 
The crowns of the teeth were hard and solid, but the fangs for the most 
part crumbled like the bone. No implements of any kind were found, 
though the excavations were extended four fei't lower and over an area 
5x7 feet in. the center of the mound." 

Of the mound in the woods, the largest is the one near the creek. 
It is about seventy feet in diameter and ten feet high. On this mound 
are several IJaek oak trees, one of which is abotit eighteen inches in diam- 
eter. The other six mounds vary from thirty to sixty feet in diameter 
and from six to«eight feet in height. Four of the mounds were ex- 
plored in the fall of 1897, but no skeletons or implements of an}^ kind 
were found, charcoal and ashes being the only evidence that the mounds 
had been constructed by human hands. 

Some years ago Hon. George C. Oregg excavated a mound near Cor- 
nell creek, about fSur miles east of Ilebi'on, and found several skeletons. 
This mound was composed entirely of black earth which had been car- 
ried from the banks of the creek some 170 feet distant. Prom a mound 
south of Hebron was taken some pottery in a fair state of preservation. 
A little north of Woodvale, near the western boundary of the county 
and not far from Deep river, is a niDinid rcs(iiil)liiig a tlat-iron in sliape, 


■'«' ■ rir fii ;-.■ 

■rr . ... . .,[1-. „ ,.. 

i;- ■As Ul .■!•-(;,:,• j(, ■»,,.■- 

tn-r.. ;l'' ■-; .■.■-• ly ••..,M^ 

I'. ■•.■''l!l:-t> ::-i.:;'^'i.i ' ",;.! '(,. •; ,^ ; , 

''■■". 'vi; -.I-/! ; .niii'i '"'!■! i t.i,: :,;■,.. 

[■-ufmm Mr:;;- .if- /•.,;,; • . ■ m ■■ ■.If 
■ ■■:' --i- ■■ : "'-,,,!. ,,.u ■- :■,.. ,1. 

'■ ' J-'MJ '•■'"l li ,■'■■ ; ' ;!■. 
' I'l.; !'. .:i;; ;''i. _!rrf I- ;!. •■... ; ( 
it.i,v ,■■,)■■ r-.; 'i.- M,,;, ■.:;-.'; ,. -; 
;r.".) .!:"' 'ir, v ,, ■:!.( ; ., :■ - 
'::i;-' iti if.''' ,■ t'-r !■ 1 III! ';( 

iif-if Mtajj'; 

,-)■/! n 


190 feet long, 75 feet in its greatest width, and rising to a lieigbf of 22 
feet about the surrounding lowlands. Battey's History of Porter and 
Lake Counties (1882), says that near the apex of this mound "there 
is a well, whieh was forniei-ly of enormous de])tli. The exca\ation is 
circular, and has a diameter of eight or nine feet. Inlo this well, the 
early settlers threw tlie dehris of their clearings, with the intention of 
tilling it up; but the c.apaeity has been so great that it remains yet un- 
filled. Numerous small excavations in the adjacent soil and rorks have 
led to the conclusion that this was once a 'water-cure" establishment, 
and resorted to in ancient times for its baths. ' ' 

Later geologists have expressed the belief that this mound is a natural 
formation, cut off at some period from the adjacent highhmds liy an 
overflow of Deep river. This opinion is liased on oliservatiuns lliat all 
the mounds in this region are composed of clay, while matter thrown 
oijt of this elevation by woodchucks for a depth of frtnn eight to fifteen 
feet below the crest shows that it is composed of sand, whieh is tlie 
same as the highlands in the immediate neighborhood. 

Several interesting collections of Mound Builders' relics have been 
made at times from those found in Porter county. Tlie Valparaiso 
high school has a number of arrow points, spear heads, stones, axes, 
etc., but in many instances the specimens are unaceompained Ijy data as 
to w^jen, where or by whom they were found. Dr. J. K. Blackstoue of 
Hebron at one time had a large collection gathered in tlie southern part 
of the county, but this collection has become scattjyed. A numlier of 
fine specimens have been found in the vicinity of Boone Crove; near 
the southeast corner of the county waS found some years ago a celt 
formed of diorite about ten inches long and finely polished; and near 
by was discovered 'a cache containing over a peek of flint arrow heads. 

At the beginning of the Nineteenth century the region now includ- 
ed within the limits of Porter county was inhabited by the Potlauato- 
raie tribe of Indians. The Pottawatomies belonged to tlie Algomjuiau 
group, and were first met by the white men about the head and on the is- 
lands of Green bay, Wisconsin. It is known, however, that as early as 1 Gl G 

^ . ;. ;t.|i] ■(. i v'; :- ■ 

■•::.>■ 1 





;,;. ■'Ilslill-,- -il.' 

a:>UW iin 


they were one of the four tribes whose habitat was along the westera 
shore of Lake Huron. The Jesuit Relation for 1671, in i-ef erring to the 
west coast of Lake Huron, says: "Four nations made their abode here, 
namely: those who bear the name Piians (i. e. Winnebago), who have 
always lived here as their own country, .nid who have been reduced to 
nothing from lieing a very flourisliiiig and popiilous people, having 
been exterminated by the Illinois, their enemies; the Pottawatomi, the 
Sauk and the Nation of the Fork (la Fourclie) also live here, but as 
strangers, or foreigners, driven by fear of the Iroquois (the Neuters 
and the Ottawa) from their own lands which are between the lake of 
the Hurons and that of the Illinois." 

Bottineau saj's the Pottawatoniies were kno\\'n as the "Peojile of the 
place of fire." Other authorities say that the Pottawatoniies and Sauk 
together were called the "Nation of tire;" that after the former tribe 
became separated, that portion known as the IMascoutins or Maskotens — 
the prairie band — took the name "Nation of fire," and that it was 
never afterward applied to the remainder of the tribe. They were 
"The most docile and atfectionate toward the French of all the savages," 
were naturally polite, resisted the encroachments of "fire Avater," were 
kindly disposed toward Christianity and manifested a willingness to 
adopt the customs of civilization. Polygamy was common among them 
and in their religion they believed in two spirits which governed the 
world — Kitchemonedo, the' Great Spirit, and Matchemonedo, the Evil 
Spirit. The great ceremonial observance among them was the "Feast 
">«f Dreams," at which dog meat was the principal article of food, and 
during which a special or individual IManitou was selected. 

Chauvignerie, wrote in 173G, says the chief totems of the Pottawat- 
omies were the golden carp, tfie frog, the tortoise, the crab and the 
crane. Morgan divides the tribe into fifteen gcntes, as follows: 1st, 
Moah (wolf) ; 2nd, Mko (bear) ; 3d, Muk (beaver) ; 4th, Mishawa (elk) ; 
5th, Maak (loon) ; 6th, Knou (eagle) ; 7th, Nma (sturgeon) ; 8th, Nma- 
pena (cai-p) ; 9th, Mgezewa (bald eagle) ; 10th, Chekwa (thunder) ; 
11th, Wabozo (rabbit); 12th. Kakaghe (crow); IStli, Wakeshi (fox); 


VV'Ii! '!;(■■, ' . ■.:.,,■■ 

■■■•■■■■ ,■;•"/!>- V- ,7 ■ ;j >=!ct';'i,i! ■,:,.i-, 

•"■ '■ i;'!orr!J, _'l,'l.,n.;tK. /■■■.. , I,, , ,' •. 

■ ■..''fjhiiii',! : f- ,. ^ , 


14th, Penna (turkey); 15th, Jlketashshekakah (black hawk). lu the 
Wahozo gens cremation was practiced to some extent, but as a rule 
the dead were buried in the earth. In the early '50s a sawmill was set 
up near the mouth of Sandy IJook creek in Boone township, and soon 
after it was started a number of old Indians visited the neighborhood to 
pay their respects to the graves of some of their ancestors. This led to 
the discovery of an old Indian burying gi-ound some seven or eight 
acres in extent, located in section 21, township 33 north, range 6 west, 
a short dstance north of the Kankakee river. After the departure oH 
the Indian visitors, excavations were made and a number of, implements, 
weapons, ornaments, images, etc., w-ere found. 

Prior to 1763 the PottaM'atomies were loyal to the French, but after 
the peace of that yeai' they became allies of the British. They took 
part in Poutiac's conspiracy and fought on the side of Great Britain 
in the Revolutionary war. They participated in the defeat of General 
St. Clair near the headwaters of the Wabash river on November 4, 1791, 
and when Major Hamtramek tried to make a treaty of peace with the 
tribe the next year the head chief declined, claiming that he was threat- 
ened by other Indians. Twenty-five Pottawatomie chiefs took part in 
the negotiation of the treaty of Greeneville, August 3, 1895. Soon after 
that treaty was made they moved westward and took possession of lands 
along the Wabash river, notwithstanding the oppositon and objections 
of the Miamis, and by the beginning of the Nineteenth centuiy they were 
in possession of the country about the head of Lake Michigan, extend- 
ing from ]\Iilwaukee to the Grand river in Michigan, southward to the 
Wabash river, southwcstward over a large part of Indiana, and Illinois, 
and eastward across Michigan to Lake Erie. It was estimated that at 
that time the tribe had fifty populous villages in the above mentioned 

In the War of 1812 some of the Potlawatoinies again took sides with 
the British. At a great Indian council held on the Mississinewa river 
in May, 1812, most of the tribal chiefs favored peace with the United 
States and the neighboring Indian tribes. Dillon, in his History of 

'< .\)' 

V -1.1 ]• 


■";.;.■"!■; i'i ■{>'■■> 1: 1 ";:': ' iu;:ji':1"iv 
.-■■fOiiy^ii'--' ;; 

f;"V7 ■•Ml nl 


Indiana (p. 484), reports a speech of one of the Pottawatoioit chiefs 
in which the orator said: "We arc glad that it should please the Great 
Spirit for us to meet today, and incline all our hearts for peace. Some 
of the foolish young men of our triljc, tluit \\n\v, for some winters past, 
ceased to listen to the voice of their chict's, and followed the council 
of tlie Shawnee that pretended to he a prophet, have killed some of 
our white brothers this spring at different places. "We have believed 
that they were encouraged in this u:ischief by this pretended prophet, 
who, we know, has taken great pains to detach them from their owti 
chiefs and attach them to himself. We have no control over those few 
vagabonds and consider them not belonging to our nation; and we will 
be thankful to any people who will put them to death wherever found." 

In reply to this, Tecumseh insisjted that ho had been misrepresented 
"to our white brothers by pretended chiefs of the Pottawatomie and 
others who have been in the habit of selling land that did not belong to 
them. ' ' 

The Pottawatomies were among the first Indians to enter into trea- 
ties of peace with the representatives of the United States at the close 
of the war in 1815. Not long after these treaties were made a few 
adventurous white men began to encroach upon the Pottawatomie lands 
and a clamor arose that these lands be ojiened to white settlement. A 
few small tracts were reluctantly ceded to the United States by the 
tribe, but is was not until 1832 that all their lands in the State of Indiana 
were relinquished to the government. The first treaty of cession that 
included a part of what is now I'orter county was concluded on the 
Wabash river, near the mouth of the Mississinewa, October 16, 1826. 
Lewis Cass, James B. Ray and John Tipton acted as commissioners on 
the part of the United States, and the treaty was signed Ijy sixty-two 
of the chiefs and head men of the Pottawatomie tribe. That portion 
of the cession within the present limits of Porter county is thus de- 
scribed; "Begining at a point xipon Lake Michigan, ten milrs due north 
of the southern extreme thereof; running thence, due onst, to the land 
ceded by the Indians to the Thiitod States by the trcnty of Chicago 

.'if' Tl»(t IJf! 

>l of (C. =:.'f /[ 

1 v., 'I ■<.. 

'.'■> nt 

■i! ,ciii! i, 

'"•• 'I .•l.!l ?i tK,!,7 ';■■.. r'ir,r| B 

'';!<» ■>(!; M ;-,., .,.,h ..:..,. :• ,,.;r:,,(-- v 


(August 29, ]820) ; thence soutli, with tlie Ijoiiiidary thereof, ten miles; 
tlience west, to the southern extreme of Lake .Mieliigan ; thence with the 
shore thereof to the place of heginning." 

At the same time and place the tribe codcil to tlie United States 
"a strip of land, commencing at Lake MichigtOi and running thence to 
the Wabash river, one hundred feet wide, for a road, and also, one 
section of good land contiguous to the said I'oad, for each mile of the 
same, and also for each mile of a road from the termination thereof, 
through Indianapolis to the Ohio river, for tlie purpose of making a 
road aforesaid from Lake jMichigan, by the way of Indianapolis, to 
some convenient point on the Ohio river." 

The remaining portion of Porter count.y was ceded to the United 
States by tlie treaty of October 26, 1S32, which was concluded on the 
Tippecanoe river "lictween Jonathan Jennings, -Tohn W. Davis and Mark 
Crume, Commissioners outhe part of the United States, and the Chiefs, 
Headman and Warriors of the Pottawatomie Indians." The lands 
ceded by the tribe at this time are thus described in Article I of the 
treaty: "Beginning at a point on Lake Michigan, where the line divid- 
ing the States of Indiana and Illinois intersects the same; thence with 
the margin of said lake, to the intersection of the southern boundary 
of a cession made by the Pottawatomies, at the treaty of the AVabash, of 
eighteen hundred and twenty-six ; thence east, to the northwest corner 
of the cession made by the treaty of St. Joseph's in eighteen hundred 
and twenty-eight; thence south teu miles; thence with the Indian bound- 
ary line to the Michigan road; thence south with said road to the north- 
ern boundary line, as designated in the treaty of eighteen hundred and 
twenty-six with the Pottawatomies; thence west with the Indian bound- 
ary line to the river Tippecanoe; thence with tlie Indian boundary line, 
as established by the treaty of eighteen hiuidied and eighteen at St; 
JIary's, to the line dividing the States of liidiana and Illinois; and 
thence north; with the line dividing said states to the place of begin- 

For this tract of land, now worth millions of dollars, the United 


Ir.T. V ..;! 

i""! 'v.. 

"» 'F',,! bilf; /:•'>''!■, 

'> \l 

,,,,ua. '' 'I:. -;: -;(;r! 


States paid the Indiaus an annuity of $20,000 for twentj- yeai's, gave 
llioni goods to the value of $130,000, aud assumed au indehtodncss of 
oeilain members of the tril)e amountinji to $62,412. The next day 
(October 27, 1832,) the Pottawatomies couckided a treaty wilh I lie sniue 
commissioners, relinquishing title to all their lands in Iiidiaiui Illinois 
and IMichigan, south of the tJrand river, and a few years later a res- 
ervation was set apart for them in what is now the State ol Kansas. 
When the time came for their removal to the new rcservalion, some of 
lliem refused to leave the old hunting grounds and had to Ik- expelled 
by soldiers. A portion of the tribe escaped into Canada and later sct- 
llcd upon "Walpole island in Lake St. Clair. 

A number of Indian trails passed, through Porter couhIn'. The 
most noted of these aboriginal thoroughfares was probably llie old Sauk 
trail, which' ran from St. Joseph river via Laporte, and 
Crown Point to the Kankakee river in Illinois. Anothej- important 
trail crossed the eastern boundary of the county near the line between 
townships 36 and 37, north, and pursued a course a little north of west 
until it crossed the Calumet river about a mile west of the piescnt town 
of Chesterton. After crossing the Calumet it followed ap)>roximately 
the ridge to which Leverett has given the name of "Calumet Beach" 
and crossed tke west line of the county about a mile south of tlie shore 
of Lake Michigan. The original survey, made in 1834 aud 1835, shows 
in some portions of the county local trails, but as they weie not care- 
fully traced by the surveyors it is impossible at this late day to determine 
tkeir sources or the exact direction they pursued. They w( le genei'allj' 
"short cuts" between Indian villages or from one wat^^r inurse to an- 
other. The Wabash railroad follows closely one of the^i' trails from 
Clear Lake to Morris in Jackson township; another local trail ran al- 
most parallel to the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago r:iilr()ad a little 
north of Wheeler, and a third left the old Lafayette & Mielii^au City road 
a little north of Tas.sinong and rail in a .southwesterly dii'cctiou to 
Sandy Hook creek, where the survej'ors ceased to trace its courst'. There 
was also an Indian trail from Johu lake in Jackson to\» i!s;lii]i to Long 

•j'.'f •;. 

'''■; j'l.' 

; t-:^; 

J •T:V,vrs. ^ 

■•■''•-•■ ..I :-,vI,,' 


lake in Liberty township. But, in the three-ciuarters of u century that 
have eh'ipsed since the Indians gave up their hinds, the trails liave been 
obliterated, and mthin another generation or two l)otli tlic trails ami the 
men who made them will have been forgotten. 

The following poem by Hubert M. Skinner was pulilislicd a few 
years ago in the Northwestern Sportsman : 


"The Old Sac Trail, trod first by Indians, later l)y the explorers, 
and in early days the patliway of important military expeditions, fol- 
lowed the narrow .strip of land between Lake Michigan anA the swamj) 
of the Kankakee, now covered by a network of railway lines, Ihe great- 
est highway of commerce in the world. — Editor." 

My course I take by marge of lake or river gentle flowing, 
Where footsteps light in rapid flight may find their surest going. 
I hold my way through forests gray, beneath their mstling arches, 
And on I pass through prairie grafes, to guide the silent marches. 

In single file, through mile on mile, the braves their chieftains follow, 
I By night or day ihe,y keep their way, they wind round hill and hollow. 
From sun to sun I guide them on, the men of bow and quive)-, 
And on I pass through prairie grass, as flows the living river. 

Where waters gleam, I ford the stream; and where the land is broken, 
]\Iy way I grope down rocky slope, by many a friendly token. 
The shrubs and vines, the oaks and pines, the lonely firs and larches 
I leave, and through prairie grass, to guide the silent marches. 

To charts unknown, in books un.shown, I am no lane or byway. 
Complete with me from seat to sea the continental highway! 
I guide the quest from East to West— Prom West to East deliver. 
For on I pass through prairie grass, as flows the living rh-er. 

'r'.rA'U'yj nw 

( 'I,,) .-■■r'.t-i.ii>J-jr;:h 

■.■in.] >'.U ,^b;.o' .' :■(!' 

:>i -m!; 

/< ,-, ■■ . ' • ■, .^-C'K 

■.". ; .-■:•■ ■ : ■ ''^ ..V.J'"''- ;■.■:•'/ „ 


The bivouac leaves embers black amid the fern ^UK^ '•lover, 
And prints of feet the searchers greet, to tell of joiii-aeys over. 
The sun beats hot. I reckon not how sear its s])len(lor parches, 
I onward pass through prairie grass, to guide ihe silent inarches. 

The Red Man's God jji'epared tlie sod, ;md to his rliildfi'ii gavc^ it. 
His wrath is shown in every zone against the men ^vJlo brave it. 
The righteous be, who follow me, and praise flu Heavenly Oiver, 
While on I pass through jirairie gi'ass, as Hows the living livei-. 

There is an old tribal tradition to the effect th;it at some period in 
the remote past the Pottawatomies, the Chippewas and the Ottawas ' 
were one people. In the earl.y '40s, after the three tribes were T-emoved 
to reservations west of the Mississippi, they mnde a request to be re- 
united, but fhe government declined to grant the rcrjuest, prolmbly be- 
cause the combined strength of the three tribes would be so great as 
to render them a formidable foe in case of an Indian outbreak. In 1910 
there were about 2,600 Pottawatomies still living. Al^out two-thirds of 
them occupied a reservation in Oklahoma; the prairie band, numbering 
over 600, lived in Kansas; about 75 were in Calhoun county, ]\Iiclugan, 
and some 220 lived in Canada. 

Such, in bHef, is the historj' of the onee powei-ful Indian tribe that 
inhabited Porter county. With the relinquishment of their lands in 
1832, the power of the Pottawatomies began to \\'nne. After their re- 
moval to their reservation west of the Mississijijn they seemed to lose 
energy and ambition, becoming satisfied to live upon the slender an- 
nuities doled out to them by the Hnitcd States goveinment, and 
"The pale face rears his wigwam where the Indian huntei'S roved; 
His hatchet fells the forest fair the Indian maidens loved," 

■'♦""'''iK; I L.-gi-j?.' .1 
^^ ; .'i,.,) ,■■■ 

■yf i.,f ! ;.., ,|,.j 

^■>n ,:- ,;, ,.,.., 










Just who were tlie first white men to visit Avhat is »ow Porter county, 
or when that visit was made, is largely a matter of conjecture. It is 
known that about the middle of the seventeenth century the French fur 
traders were engaged in active operations in the region of the Great 
Lakes, and it is quite probable tliat some of them passed through the 
coxmty, but they made no pernmncnt residence there nor left any record 
of their aets. In 1672 the two Catholic missionaries — Father Allouez 
and Father Dablon — traversed the country from lake shore to the Kan- 
kakee river, stopping at the Indian villages and studying the character- 
istics of the couutiy. Their visit is the first of which there is any 
authentic record. The following year Father Marquette, on his return 
eastward from the ]Mississip])i river, ])a.s.sed up the Kankakee river with 
six of his companions. Upon reacliing the source of that stream they 


;. •' ^.•;^^ 'X'.'.-. "• ' ".^'sl'.v r'i'"":i" 

:;;•-,•! ^--'t<■VJ.^■ .\ 



made the portage to the St. Joseph river, down wliic'h llicy passed and 
then erossed the lake to the French posts on Green ]>ay. 

In 1679 Robert Cavilier, Sieur de la Salle, set out iVom Canada J'or 
the purpose of discovering the ilississippi river and dosi'ctidint,' if to 
its moutli. His company of some thirty men, among wliom were Henri 
de Tonti, Father Hennepin and Sieur de la IMottc, passed down llie 
Kankakee and Illinois rivers. On that occasion. La Salle failed to reach 
the mouth of the great river, and in 1680 he returned eastward by land, 
passing through Porter county on his way to Frontenae. In 1681 he 
again started westward — this time with a much larger company — follow-' 
ed the lake shore, and in April, 1682, reached the montii of the 3Iis.sis- 
sippi, where he laid claim in the name of France to all Die country drain- 
ed by that river and its tributaries, giving the country tlie name of Louis- 
iana in honor of the French king. By this act of La Salle's Porter 
county became a dependency of France. A Catholic mission Mas estab- 
lished on the St. Joseph river in 1711, under the charge of Fatlier Char- 
don. In a short time a number of traders gatliered about the mission, 
and in tlfeir trading and trapping excursions penetrated as far west- 
ward as the valleys of the Calumet and Kankakee. 

All northern Indiana became a British possession in 1759, and tliree 
sprang up a Spirited rivalry between the French and English for the 
control of the fur trade. The latter made but little headway, however, 
for the reason that the Indians remained loyal to the French, who under- 
stood their language and had for years been on friendly terms with 
th4;.m. Louisiana was ceded to Spain by the secret treaty of Fontaine- 
bleau in 1762, and nineteen years later the Spanish authorities decided 
to take possession of the territory about the head of Lake ^lidiignu. Ac- 
cordingly an expedition Mas sent out from St. Louis in the Minter of 
1781, under command of Don Eugenio Pierre. This expedition consist- 
ed of a considerable body of Spanish soldiery aaid about sixty Mestern 
Indians. Althoiigh Don Pierre was permitted to occupy the country 
without bloodshead or resistance, his victory was of comparatively short 
duration, for the treaty of 1783, between the newly recognized republic 

1 -^1 1 
:■'>. /?[liy; 

UK ,■■ ii'y ;■: J 7.; '.111.! ''i> il'j,' 

'. ''( I/UU ,-!■> Ml 


'It'; ■.. 


■I' •! vi'li 
1 ij.i'; UiH! ,li-ju ' I'i 

io ■jrjxf.ri ;, fail a- ,iiri>.'. 

'>v-jt' •■.tIj !(0&«..hi(! fJ'n. io 

32 H1STC)];V 1)1' rORTEli COUNTY 

of the United States and (Jivat P.rilaiii, fixed the western boimdaiy of 
the United States at the ^li^si.ssippi i-iver, and Spain was soon foi'ced 
to acknowledge the claims of 'lie new government. The Biitisli retained 
possession of the post at Detroit and continued to exercise dominion 
over the country to the westward until 189G, when Porter county really 
came under the authority of the United States. 

By an act of Congress, ■•ij)pioved May 7, 1800, the territory north- 
"west of the Ohio river was ili\ided and William H. H. Harrison was 
appointed govenor on the l^jtli of the same month of the newly establish- 
ed Territory of Indiana. The next day John Gibson, of Pennsylvania, 
was appointed secretary, and a few days later 'William Clark, Henry 
Vanderburgh and John Griffin were appointed territorial judges. Gen- 
eral Harrison arrived at Vineennes on January 10, 1801, and two days 
later convened the court. 'I'lie session lasted until the 26th, and in that 
time the governor and tlie .iudges adopted certain regulations for the 
government of the territory. As these regulations had the force of 
laws, they may be considered as the first legislation of a local character 
affecting what is now Porter county. 

The first movement of the United States toward exercising authority 
over the country around the liead of Lake Michigan was in 1803, when 
J Col. John H. Whistler was directed to es.stablish a fort at the mouth of 
the Chicago river. Colonel Whistler made the voyage from Detroit to 
the site of the proposed fort in a government vessel called the "Tracy," 
which is said to have been the first boat of any size to enter the Chicago 
harbor. His expedition, which marched^b.y land from Detroit, passed 
along the southern shore of Lake IMichi^um. The fort was completed 
in the spring of 1804 and was named Fort Dearborn. It became the 
headquarters of the fur traders operating around the head of the lake, 
and wielded considerable influence over the Indian inhabitants of Por. 
ter county. Trappers and hunters increased in numbers along the Calu- 
met and Kankakee rivers; corn was cultivated upon the prairies and 
taken to the fort to supply the white people there, the trafSc being car- 

YT. to:) ;i:v'' 'y.'i '' . 

V,: ■r--ii li^Mo:-] ■<.d\' .TlJjmJM • ■ vim: ■> i 

■'■'. y niuu'r^ lot'jw' u:)iv/; .i^' 'u; : ■ 

.; ■ (U'U ; .^(1 .■ ; . f i au-.U't'h' . •. ii .jr -i' 

.; -uj .^''^^l.-r i;/l<. '/-',!.■•■? ■'■-.--. M(K '.M ' 

-:;■ 'icl -;;i':j T-Jf^flv: ij.i.r:rs:' :.•.'■(:-].!. 
■j"! I, .fill I iit\>0: i; i ■ iloijC^iCaM! ;.iu ■_ 

i/:....-^q ,U^ -!■,(.'' iL"-; Sy;-:' ■ ■■ .,■■■, 
• li.'T 3o f-.'iui.'idjirifli riiii. • 


ried on bj' means of canoes wbieh skirted the lake shore, or by pack' 
ponies over tlie Indian trails. 

Still no white man had cstalilishcd a pcrinauent domicile witiiin the 
limits of Porter county, and it was not until 1822 — six years after In- 
diana M'as admitted into the Union as a state — that the smoke from a 
white man's cabin told that the Caucasian had taken possession. In 
that year Joseph Pailly located at the place afterward known as Bailly 
Town in Westchester township. His cabin of unhewn logs stood upon 
the north bank of the Calumet river in the southwest quarter of the 
southeast quarter of section 27, tox^Tiship 37 north, range 6 west, though 
at that time the government survey had not been made. At the point 
where he located his cabin the Calumet has high banks, which doubtless 
influenced him in the selection of a site for his home in the wilderness. 
That he acted with autliority is evidenced by the fact that he was in 
possession_ of the following document: 

Detroit, 15 March, 1814. 
"To All Officers Acting Under the United States: 

"The bearer of this paper, Mr. Joseph Bailly, a resident on the bor- 
der of Lake IMiehigau near St. Joseph, has my permission to pass from 
this post to his residence aforesaid. Since Mr. Bailly has been in De- 
troit, his deportment has been altogether correct, and such as to acquire 
my confidence ; all officers, civil and military, acting under the authority 
of the American Goverment will therefore respect this passport which 
I accord to Mr. Bailly, and permit him not only to pass undisturbed, 
but if necessary yield to him their protection. 

"*' - " H. BUTLEK 

"Commandt M. Territory and its Dependencies, and the "Western 
District of U. Canada. To All Officei-s of the A. Government." 

Mr. Bailly was a French Canadian, born in Quebec in 1774, and prior 
to his settlement in Porter county had been engaged in the fur trade. 
During the War of 1812 he had been captured or arrested by both the 

YT>1:0,. rt 


lni,.,o'' ■!_:■" ,wi„ii(! :l:-]:[ ' 
..- Viv. ■:■,;■ M. ■.,11,, . ,:i<\ 

■ ) ->raa ^ 

.! i!^[ .ilxinii rr ,ii' :;if;. '' 

y:i.ip-; ,,f . , . ■■!■- ■ 


British and American troops, but he maiiitaiiied a strict neutrality and 
declined to bear arms on either side. He married a woman who was 
part Ottawa Indian and brought her with him to i'orler county. Tliere 
he established a store and in a little while built uj) a yood trade with 
the Indians. In this woi'k he was materially aided by bis wife, who 
thoroughly understood the Indian language and customs, though she 
.also understood French and readily adopted many 'oT the customs of 
civilization. Bailly's place soon became widely known. Travelc-i-s, 
voyaguers, traders, trappers, missionaries, adveutuf''rs and govern- 
ment officers or agents alike found shelter and entertainment within the 
hospitable walls of the French trader's cabin. In later yeai's religious 
exercises were held there and it became a rallying point in time of 
danger. . 

To Mr. and Mrs. Bailly were born five children - a son and four 
daughters. The son died in 1827 at the age of ten yeajs. The eldest 
daughter Eleanor joined the Catholic Sisters and for souie yeai-s wa-s the 
mother superior of St. Mary's at Terre' Haute, Indiana; the second 
daughter, Esther, married Colonel Whistler, and resided in Porter coun- 
ty until her death ; Rose Victoire, the third daughter, married Francis 
Howe, a civ^ engineer of Chicago, and after his death took up her resi- 
dence on the old homestead in Porter county; Hortense, the youngest, 
became the wife of Joel Wicker, who was the pioneer merchant of Deep 
Jliver, Lake county. Upon a sandy knoll about three-quarters of a mile 
north of the bouse is the family cemetery, which received its first offer- 
ing in 1827, when Mr. Bailly buried there his only son and erected over 
the grave a large oak cross bearing the inscription : ' ' To-day, my turn ; to- 
nion-ow, yours; Jesus Christ Crucified^ have mercy upon us." lie also 
erected there a small log building called "the chapel," though ]\Ir. Bail- 
ley's granddaughter, Frances R. Howe, in "The Story of a French 
Homestead," published in 1906, says; "This building was not a chapel, 
but merely a shelter for those who went to pray at the foot of the cross, 
as did all the household on Sundays and Holy Days. There \vas no 
appointed hour for a visit, neither was there any public prayer. The rule 

) -.^A'^'-il'^H 'U.t 't:\'''i<Ml 


. ^ ; , ,,. ,^ i„,i ; ,, ,.i .ti .Ai'm 'isit 

,!,;», ... ■. M- ■■''■■■ ^'^<'--' '^ 

;.; /■() b ■:■' ■'■. ■ 

,;»oaii »ilJ ;(-• tool s' M. 
on af.-'' i>v:n'.'^" ■ ' ■ 



was that the visit should be made in tho inornniL', niid imcIi oue prayed 
silently, according to the bent of personal devolioii." 

Mr. Bailly himself was buried in Ihis li1lli> cemetery in December, 
1835, other Catholic members of the family rest tliei'o, and the spot if, 
regarded as "consecrated ground." 

Other white settlers were slow i^ coiiiiiiv and for more than ten 
years Joseph Baillj' was the only iicniicncnt wliile rosidont in Porter 
county. By his fair dealing he won the eonfidrnce of the Indians, from 
whom he purchased large quantities of fin-s. Tlieso he shipped to Mack- 
inac in row boats, and oceassionally he visited Quebec to look after his 
commercial interests. He spent a portion of his time at Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana, where he had established a Irading post, to which the west- 
ern Indians brought him furs from the Rock Mountaiii country, and 
even seal skins from the northern Pacific coast. Tliese were exported 
from New Ol-leans to Prance. By the time of tlie treaty of 1832 his 
Porter county establishment had gi-own to six or eight log cabins, in 
which lived his French employees who assisted him in his fur trade. 
By treaty with the Pottawatomies in the fall of 1832, the lands in Porter 
county were thrown open to settlement. In 1833 a stage line, operated 
by Converse & Reeves, was started between Chicago and Detroit, and 
with its establishment began the actual settlement of Porter county. 
In that same j«ar Jesse Morgan came from Virginia and located on sec- 
tion 6, township 36, range 5; a short distance of the present 
town of Chesterton. His house became a sort of station of the Chicago 
and Detroit road and was soon widel.y known as the "Stage House." 
His two brothers, William and Isaac, came at the same time and 
settled in Washington township on the prairie which still bears 
their name. Others who came in 1833 were Adams S. Campbell, of 
Chautauqua county. New York; Reason Bell, of Wayne county, Ohio; 
George B. Cline, of Union county, Indiana; and Henry S. Adams, of 
Jefferson county, Ohio, all of whom selected homesteads on Morgan 
prairie. The last named was accompained by his mother, his wife and 
three daughters. Seth Hull, who was probably the first man to locate 


(•'{RMCf MC" 

y..r .. .r 

1,-11 ■:■■[; ,..,. .;- 
,, ■. .' .. . ■ 1 

■ *''I^- . .r„ 

v!'.«^ ..J fv :.; ,, 

'' '• ''■ ■"■•■■'>) 
1 tij,];'!' .,-,-, 

' i ''r 

,W..-:iT .-^;..n f. 

,.,.M..l'; ' 

u.;-r ^,.>f ., 

-' h 
ll' ■ 

f;")7T:>,jxM v-ih./, ■.^■,,; 

'-' t-., '.-.-. ■,.■» 

t'< ,'■ 

^^' S?8r 1u .;,<;: 

' 1 ■'■ 'K::it 

>T' ,fLaitliia ;yt)i ,;(^ ; , 

■'-'.. -.'^T ,:^ , 

.:'K&'f.| -f,'/^ i;; ■, 

■, ; , .,; ,_, , , 

-■&J-t0'3 Af ■;biv,l ,,.;. 

\ \ ): :!;.;, 


,,;aci(>.. Tv;--.'! ■, I, tor,;:,;: 

ba,i; f^n ,, >,,,- 

fSl-f ..7,-. ,. 


a claim in what is uow Center township, .settled on the site of Chiqua's 
Town, but soon aiterward sold his ehiim to J. S. Wallace and "went 
farther westward into Illinois. A Fronrh fur trader estaWishcd a post 
near the place later known as Morgan's School House in Westeliester 
township and it is said sold eleven b* rds of whiskey — his chief article 
of merchandise— in one winter. Samuel Flint came into Wa.shington 
township, and is credited with having made the first improvements at 
Prattville, and there were ^a few others, most of whom were without 
families and did not remain in the county. 

The year 1834 witnessed a larger inauigration. In tliis year occurred 
the birth of the fii-st white child in the county — Reason Bell, son of 
Reason Bell, Sr., who had settled in Wasliiuglon township the preceding 
year. Just a month later Avas borrr Ilamiali, dtiughter of Jesse Morgan, 
in Westchester township. Earty in the year came J. P. Ballard, who 
built the first house in the city of Valparaiso, or rather upo)i the site 
of the present city. A. K. Paine built the first dwelling and took up the 
first claim in what is now Jackson township; Thomjis and William 
Gosset selected claims in Westchester township; William Thomais, Sr., 
Jacob Beck, John Hageman, John I. Foster, William Frame and Press- 
ley Warnick brought their families and established homes in the same 
township; in Wasliington township Jacob Coleman, James Blair, Isaac 
Weminger, Ruel Starr and James Bauu were added to the population; 
Joseph Bartholomew, Henry Adams, George, Jocob and John Schultz, 
and Benjamin Spencer settled in Morgan township. In June Owen 
Crumpacker came from Union county, Indiana, and was probably tlie 
first settler- in Liberty township. He was soon joined there by William 
Downing, Jerry Todhunter, Elijah Casteel, Peter Ritler and Thomas 
Clark, generally referred to as "Beehunter" Clark. 

.In 1835 the first sale of Porter county public lands was lield at 
Laporte. Practcallj' all the men who had talccn claims in Porter county 
were present, and there were a number of liiddei-s from a distance. A 
mulatto named Landy Gavin, who had purchased his freedom for $600, 
settled in Westchester township, but subsequently removed to Michigan 


ti.-'/' r.i nil. 


': >'i <"■■• !■■' : uu'.;)' ■'^' 

..;,;jv'l ' ■■:• a/;':.-:''' i''^:i"W ,-v-^>^'T .1 
•V-O jija A'.f.i:Vl ., .■r^0 ■ <i- 

r,'..'} ',lLUi.fvT''I ■■■' '/■ ^''8 ^' '■''^'"■' 



t ' ' ' 'i 


City. R. Cornell, Eli Hendricks iind a few otlicis settled this year in 
Westchester township, and the first settlriiK lU was made in Boone town- 
ship by Judge Jesse Johnson, who was suoii followed by Isaac Cornell 
and Simoon Brj'ant. By the time of tljc hind salfs at Laporte a large 
number of new settlers had come into AViisliiiiKton township. N. S. 
Fairchild, Archie De Mimn, Cliarlcs Allen, Josi;ili Allen, Rinier Blach- 
ley, Morris Witham, William Billings, licwis Comer and a number of 
others settled in ]\Iorgan to\\'nshii), most of them bringing their families, 
The first settlements were made in Tbiion township in this year, but it 
is not definitely settled who were the fii'st men to locate there. Jaelvson 
township received a lai-ge number of mw cifizcus, among whom WQre 
William Barnard and Benjamin ]\Ialsliy. Sevei-al hardy pioneers were 
also added to the population of Portage township, where Reuben Ilurl- 
burt and a few others had settled in 1834. Pleasant township M'as like- 
wise settled in 18.35, by William Trinkle, John Jones, and a man named 
Sherwood. A number of claims were taken in Porter township, Newton 
Frame, Samuel and Isaac Campbell, Isaac Edwards, Jacob AA^olf, Elder 
French and David Hurlburt being among the early settlers in that lo- 

In ]\Iareh, 1835, the commissionei-s of Laporte county, who at that 
time had jurisdiction over all the territory west of that county extending 
from the Kankakee river to Lake Michigan and west to the western 
boundary of the state, inchuling the present counties of Porter and 
Lake, issued an order for the division of this region into three town- 
ships, as follows: 

"The township of Waverly to be bounded on the north by Lake Michi- 
gan, east bj' the Laporte county line, south by the line between Townships 
35 and 36 north, and west by the line through the center of Range 6 west. 
The toAvnship of Morgan to be bounded on the north by the south line of 
Waverly township, east by the Laporte county line, south by the Kanka- 
kee river, and Avest by the line through the center of Range 6 West. The 

Lil'.irV.l' .' L'1'.K.<I y/f l"1V,-'lio'' ■; i-j" .'Hi/ . , . .. , - 

■,->u.; .( M-iMtixl: !.i: n-'hy Iwi.^! -U 'lo ■^.;it -ii't ''fT .tmvvil! ;.'wr;,i?! imp. 
:-_' .'/'. ifii^.iv;^'.'- 'ini;;!M:f;-:r',7 nt'., ,,;b, t.iuj 3 : •-! ) f'):- ' •//'■a !' 
.,;■„,.; ..,,;: ,M,ffA ilauo'. ,■■,!!;■ .-l-i:!:) n.v.JA'it' 'ii^riA 
!■■ ■»■■'',;,;,' ..; lap f^iti.'.* .;/ ■■ i .•■/t'^! '' i ifrii'lii''/ .ii','' )r'''i' I'. 

. J ■■■■.■',\ ^;.ir i:; ■''.Nil//./: ;!,.Ji'! ••; ".!i;:i : ->-ut.j :,;i:^-i:'n;Vj>''. .'«-'f' 

r ri// jii.i'-' v.i. :: » ii ivif,- ■, ,ii lo ' , ', Mir. 
;,•;•,', -.:-r. .■ n; ■(;,^r:f! i, ;•;«.■/■.< •. ' '' ' ' ■ 
ii( U ii- :;'^'/l -find:/ <inl.:i! ■ .•j.Jv'i 

'V:l>) .Uo'V J^.jiil .i-hl;.-'<r.i ■ .^r' I. „; 
■<i{ ]/:i\l <-•-'■' ^'I'. !•;.)>? yi-tJi'^ I'l, .-tor,:-, ■■;■.: 

''■■:A: .,.. 0-''"''' rVi;.;50;' ^':■|•'q^ii lO •:'li;i-| 

jo or.i[ .(I'.'.i.;: aiia v.c 'h'Hi yd.' 


township of Ross to include all the attached territory west of the line 
through the center of Range 6 west. ' ' 

At the same time the commissioners ordered an election in each of 
the three townships for two justices of the peace and other township offi- 
cers, and designated the voting places as follows : In Waverly to^vnship 
at the town of Waverly, a new town which had just been laid out by 
John Foster about two miles uortliwest of the present town of Chesterton ; " 
in. Morgan township at the residence of Isaac Morgan, and in Ross town- 
ship at the residence of Cyrus Spurlock. In Waverly township thirty-two 
votes were polled. John J.- Foster and Elijah Casteel were elected jus- 
tices of the peace; Owen Crumpacker and Jacob Beck, constable^ ; Eli 
Hendricks, superintendent of roads ; Jesse Morgan and William Frame, 
overseers of the poor; Alexander Crawford and Edmund Tratebas, 
fence viewers. Twenty-six votes were cast in Morgan township. Adam 
S. Campbell and George Cline were chosen justices of the peace ; T. A. E. 
Campbell and Jones Frazee, constables; Henry Jlinker, supervisor of 
roads; Reason Bell, Sr., and Jacob Coleman, overseers of the poor; Ben- 
jamin Saylor and Jacob Coleman, fence viewers. Ross township now con- 
stitutes the county of Lake and the result of the election therein is not 
germain to the history of Porter county. 

The establishment of these townships and election of officers marks 
the introduction of local civil government in Porter county. During the 
year follomng this election there was but a slight increase in the popula- 
tion of the county. The actual settlers devoted their attention to the 
improvement of their claims, the construction of roads, the establishment 
of schools, etc., and speculators overran the countj' seeking investments 
that would found their fortunes, but few of these speculators located 
within the confines of the county. 

Pioneer life in Porter county differed but little from that in other new 
countries, and for the benefit of the present generation it may not be 
amiss to give a brief description of the industrial and social customs of 
that period. In the prairie districts the matter of clearing the ground 
for cultivation was a comparatively easy matter, but where the land was 

-if!" qiii'-': /»,,•• • .: ■■UK :i'juj<l 'td: !>•' ■:■■_' r\\i.\>\ -wr ■' ■' -^Jiiiv.,>^'l J. if^f tlfU 
>i'i ■.r;./:iT 71. , :.7,' :( I : J'V'ylJr,'^ v:,- ■ 1 1 l."ia,. Xf^'Ju t :'« .«'1J ; 

■,■,: ir'A Lifl ,:;.;„■ >■',;_ r,,;:, ,i.;,iv , . /I 1- .',".'/■ V..'.vv.;-.! ::■.{) IS 

,;■-*■l^:';•^ ; !•■ ;, ■,..;.: ;- 

..[•A .q' ^;;i! '/oJ ..'iy^oM >ci m;:: ■'ii.yy '\j''iy .•;i« v;'i!-. •■' " ■•:'-J-r i o-w!'.: 

- ;-. ■(' -; V,-; Ml!? i?) -iVu-'T; ii-'-;o.(;' T ,v. :y:- ■ • ,, : . . 

1 • ••,_ ■.■■*">::.;_■, 1 '.'.Lii. ';\ir;ii ; ^'u^ii.'^ijoo . 
■u-'-.i "■■;■■ )l':i -a.:- 

ac ■ .8'.r:'-7 ,ii 

l.v, ■■ :.>9J; '; >■■> .;^!!!:Vi ',!;] I. a?. 

■^i',.i ♦ji.v'o;^] . O.J. 

jrj.? ■)! noi'r'jjjii '11.^11; i^,.',.. 
i!L.)i.'i)«tIffi.',f-j^> -.'rfj ,abi;,-i.- ^0 . 

\-:-r vl ^i'-.>l,;f.'7-.:.i^: -.-iaiU "(o V,-'.; 

7,'.> 1, '.' ai :'»(''' 


covered with a growth of timlier more labor was involved. After the trees 
were felled and cut into suitable lengths came the "log rolling," w^hen 
the neighbors would gather and pile tlie logs into heaps convenient for 
burning. These log rollings were often contests of physical strength, and 
the luckless individual, who could not "keep \ip his end of the hand 
spike" was made the subject of good-natured badinage. The house rais- 
ing was an event of importance. AVhen the logs were collected upon the 
site M'here it was proposed to erect the cabin, the settlers would frequently 
come for several miles to assist in the "raising." Four men skilled in 
the use of the ax Avere selected to "carry up the corners." These men 
sat astride the logs as they were hoisted upon the walls, shaped a "saddle' 
upon the upper side of one log and cut a notch to fit it in the under side" 
of the next. By this means the cracks between the logs were made smaller 
and the walls rendered stronger. After the walls were up the door — there 
was usually but one — the Avindows and the fireplace were sawed out and 
the ends of the logs supported by an upright piece held in position by 
wooden pins. The opening for the fireplace was generally four or five' 
feet across and about the same in height. Outside the wall of the cabin 
a pen was built and lined with heavy clay walls as high as the top of 
the fireplace or a few feet above. On top of this pen smaller sticks were 
used and the w'hole was plastered with clay or mortar to a height a foot 
or two above the roof of the cabin. The openings between the logs were 
"chinked "with pieces of timber which were covered with clay or mortar 
to keep out the cold. Usually the floor was of puncheons, smoothed on 
the upper side with the broadax or adz. The door was frequently made 
of rough boards or pieces of timber rived out with an instrument called 
a frow. It was hung on wooden or leather hinges and provided with a 
wooden latch, to which was attached a string which ran through a small 
hole in the door. To gain entrance one had but to pull the string and 
lift the latch. At night the string was drawn inside and the door was 
locked. This custom gave rise to the expression "The latch string is 
always out," to indicate that one would be welcome at any time. These 
frontier cabins were often constructed without the use of nails, or hai'd- 

■i:r' .- 

fTYi'Uy I n'fTUO'I '-TO 

;■/.' lower BB;,' ■^■■"Uii ■:'t>):V •■,;';!:: r 'to ,1; 'Kffi. ;, 

v'i,i' ■•■..■! I ij!,,.;,. ,-r .'. :■■,.■ r.C.,. . 

;: lr,;;irf';- 1. .1,11 Uiu '> 

■^ .'1 ;!r;^: 4!. .!,■ -T .-;, ;;^.,,' M(l; . ■. 'r ;.,; : i;f ;»i:it -/:f .jxiu 

■f>\ i'iii]r--i,q u) -,! . ! ■ ••■;:( tii-s^crfjj' jjj, \y- *■•' 

'■"i:;'.".'' a;-!' !'.. ■ •' ,■'■■:. 1.- ir^- 
"i-jw .ty,'^! 'ft' rr'T,, I-;,.' 

I'iXf'jp R 'ivr.'oi'i I 


ware in any form, the clapboards forming the roof being held in place 
by poles fastened at each end with wooden pins. 

Money was scarce in the early days and few ^rere able to hire help. 
Hence the custom of exchanging work among the pioneers was a common 
one. In addition to the log rollings and house raisings there were wood 
choppings and corn huskiugs, when the entire neighborhood would go 
from house to house, taking care of the corn crop or laying in the supply 
of winter fuel. Among the women there were quiltiugs,, rag cuttings, 
in which the material for the rag carpet was prepared, wool pickings, 
apple parings, etc., the last coming only after orchards had reached a 
bearing age. There were no stoves, and the cooking was done in primi- 
tive utensils at the huge fireplace, the housewife often wearing a large 
sunbonnet to protect her face from the heat while she was preparing a 
meal. From a pole in the throat of the chimney was suspended a large 
iron kettle, in which were boiled meat and several kinds of vegetables 
at the same time. Bread was baked in a long-handled iron skillet, which 
was placed over a bed of coals and after the doiigh was placed therein 
covered with an iro'n lid upon which hot coals were heaped in order that 
the bread might bake fi'om top and bottom at the same time. Nearly 
every settler kept a few sheep and the spinning wheel and the loom were 
to be found in almost every household. The wool or yarn was dyed with 
indigo»or the bark of trees and woven into cloth, which was then made 
into clothing by hand, as the sewing machine was not invented until years 
later. "Store clothes" were extremely rare, and nearly every one wore 
"homespun." Light for the cabin was generally provided by tallow 
candles, made by dramng a cotton wick through a tin cylinder and then 
pouring melted tallow around it. When the tallow cooled it was draAvn 
from the mould and laid away until needed for use. Candle moulds 
usually consisted of four, six or eight cylinders in a single frame. Arti- 
ficial light even of this simple character was often scarce, and is was 
no uncommon thing for the family to sit in front of the open fire until 
time to retire, the fire giving the only light in the cabin. 

The sports of the men were nearly always of an athletic nature, such 

; -i iMu yu-.- ■■■■■■ '," ' ■■': 
.;■'■ , ,-W :/i -,• ■■, •tl> y.. 

■)'■>'-' -j-i.;.'i •-^■-'■^. ■'! -^i.'-i i-i^ ^ 

:'g filfV !j. ,.:;•/!, :'■ .-fdTi Hifci -11),; 'iu 

'■o!l.,' ■a! '] -J 

iLww ,0'iuJi. 


as foot racing, wrestling, pitching cjuoits or horseshoes, etc. Another 
common sport was the "shooting match," in which a spirited contest in 
markmanship with the rifle occurred. Bayard R. Hall, in his "New 
Purchase," thus describes one of those matches: "The distance was 
stepped off and marked — eighty-five yards off hand and one hundred 
yards with a rest. The rests were various, some of the marksmen driv- 
ing forked stakes in the ground and placing on these a horizontal piece, 
some using a common chair, some lying flat with a chunk or stone before 
them for support, and yet others standing beside a tree ■with the barrel 
near its muzzle pressed against the boll. For targets each man had a 
shingle carefully prepared ^^d^h, first, a charcoal-blackened space, and oij 
this for a ground a piece of white paper aliout an inch square. From 
the center of the paper was cut a small diamond shaped hole, which, of 
course, showed black, and two diagonal lines from the corners of this 
intersected each other at the center of the diamond, thus fixing the exact 
center of the target. About this point, with a radius of four inches, a 
circle was drawn, and any shots striking outside of this circle lost the 
match to the marksman. Each contestant had three sliots, and if all 
struck within the circle and outside the exact center the measurement 
was taken from the center to the inner edge of the bullet hole. These 
measurements were then added up, and the one having the shortest 
'string' won Ithe prize." 

In every settlement there "was one or more who could play the violin, 
though he was generally known as a "fiddler." His services were fre- 
quently called into requisition, as the house raising was nearly always 
■Allowed by a "house warming," which meant a bounteous supper and 
a few hours spent in dancing the minuet or the old Virginia reel. Then 
there were the singing schools, in which the song book kno^vn as the "Mis- 
souri Harmony" was generally used, the debating clubs, mock legisla- 
tures, etc. In winter bob sled pai'ties formed one of the principal sources 
of pleasure, and after the district school was firmly established spelling 
school furnished popiilar entertainment. To one who lives in the present 
day of macadamized roads, automobiles, electric lights, telephones, inter- 


-'"-"!■'• ^-J.Jic !!:• '1,,. 
-;''' '!..' «■! Mr-.:: ■,;(; j,,.,. ■ , 

-/ifaiy'if ;!•„ 


urban railways, popular places of aiausemeut, and the various othr r con- 
veniences of modern civilization, the life of the pioneer may seem crude 
and commonplace. Ti'ue, that life was one of hardship in m;my respects, 
but the frontiersman "s wants were few and easily supplied. It should 
not be forgotten that these sturdy pioneers who marched boldly into and 
subdued the wilderness paved the Avay for the many blessings the pres- 
ent generation enjoys, and as one reflects upon tlieir labors and victories 
he may agree with Roliert Burns that 

"IJuirdly chiels and clever hizzies 
Are l)ied in sic a way as this is." 

Morgan and "VVavei-ly townships remained under the jurisdiction of 
Laporte county until the legislative session of 1836. On January 28, 
1836, Governor Noble ap|)rovcd an act "to organize the count}' of Porter, 
and for other purposes. ' ' The full text of act is as follows : 

"Sec. 1. Be it citactcd hy the General Assembly of the State of Indi- 
ana, That from and after the first day of February nevt, all that tract 
of country included in the follo\ving boundary lines, shall form and con- 
stitute the county of Porter, to wit: commencing at the northwest corner 
of Laporte county, thence running south to the Kankakee river, thence 
west with the bed of said river, to the centre of range seven, thence north 
to the state line, thence east to the place of beginning. And all that part 
{)i the country that lies north of the Kankakee river, and west of the 
county of Porter, ^^athin the State of Indiana, shall form and constitute 
a new county, to be known and designated by the name of Lake county. 

"Sec. 2. That the county of Porter shall, from and after the first day 
of February next, enjoy and possess all the rights, privileges, benefits 
and jurisdictions, which to separate or independent counties do or may 
properly belong. 

"Sec. 3. That Joel Long, of Kosciusko; Andrew Wilson, of Fountain 
county; Matthias Dawson and Judah Leaming, of Laporte county; 
and William L. Earl, of St. Joseph county, be, and they are hereby ap- 
pointed commissioners agreeably to the act entitled 'an act fixing the 

, ,-., ,-, -'11 -U' -fi i^'.''si'''-'' '*■ ■■''' 

.rvhi'j'. .'fii *->! ■'"■■ 


seats of justice in all new counties hereafler to be laid off.' The commis- 
sioners aforesaid shall meet on the fii-st Monday in June next, or any day 
thereafter they may agree upon, at the house of Thomas Butler, in the 
said covmty of Porter, and shall proceed immediately to perform the 
duties required of them by law; and it shall bo the duty of the sheriff of 
the county of St. Joseph to notify said commissioners, either in person 
or by writing, of their appointment, and for such service, said sheriff 
shall receive such compensation as the board doing county business of 
Porter county, shall deem reasonable. 

"Sec. 4. The circuit court and board of count}' commissioners, shall 
hold their sessions as near the centre of llie coimty of Porter as a conven- 
ient place can be had until the public buildings shall be erected. 

"See. 5. The county of Porter shall be attached to the eighth judicial 
circuit of the state for judicial purposes. 

"Sec. 6.. The board doing county business, may as soon as elected 
and qualified, hold special sessions, not exceeding three during the first 
year after the organization of said county, and shall make all necessary 
appointments, and do and perform other business, which may or might 
have been necessary to be performed at any regular session, and take all 
necessary steps to collect the state and county revenue, any law or usage 
to the contrary notwithstanding. 

"Sec. 7. This act to be in force from and after its passage." 

The name of Porter was conferred on tlie new county in honor of 
Commodore David Porter, of the United States navy, who commanded 
the frigate "Essex" during the "War of 1812 with Great Britain. Pur- 
suant to authority vested in him by an act of the legislature, Governor 
Noble appointed Benjamin Saylor shcriiT, with power to organize the 
county by calling an election for judges of the probate court, county com- 
missioners, recorder and clerk, and to perform such other duties as might 
be necessary to perfect the organization of the county. An election was 
accordingly held on February 23, 183C, at which Jesse Johnston was 
elected probate judge; Seneca Ball and James Blair, associate judges; 
Cyrus Spurlock, recorder; Georgp W. Turner, clerk; Benjamin N. 

■i :ariii'j-: -dV .Tie biiil ni oj -ioi'ti 

aosi )ij .11 "i-'iiito ^■i-i^jiuMK-^inm.,'} ii 

tij.ifsf ,!ii-iv:jo,i'.-»ifnrisci') -.-hiih.)'. 'ii tcr;„ 

-JJV'/XIO', S -.a -Jji/O'T lO MliUM,, •.,;(; 1,1 -.-ii 
JU'ii'nT "!■> VIMI ff'j.'tjv,' .rwqci-. III! ;.-.r 

h ■ 


Spencer, Noali l^'dwls and Juiii! Scii'ord (some authorities give this name 
as Seffon), conimissioners. 

On April 12, 18^6, tlie tiisl session of the board of commissioners was 
convened at the house of (!. A liaUard, in Tortersville (now Valparaiso), 
with all the cominissioners incscnt, George W. Turner acting as clerk, 
and Henjamin Savior as shcnll. One of the first acts of the board 
was to establish ten civil l(l^\nsllips, which the records show was done 
as follows: 

"Ordered by the Board, That for the purpose of electing township 
officers for the county of Porler, the following district of said county 
shall form and constitute a towjiship to lie known by the name of Lake 
Commencing at the northeast corner of Porter county, thence south 
with said county line to the line dividing Townships 36 and 37, thence 
west on said line to the soutlu-ast corner of Section 31, To\\Tiship 37 
north. Range 5 west, tiieuce north to the state line, thence east to the 
place of beginning. 

"That the following territory shall constitute a township to be knowia 
by the name of Jackson -. Commencing at the northeast corner of Section 
1, Township 36 north. Range 5 west, thence running sonth with the 
county line to the southeast corner of Section 36, Township 36 north, 
Range 5 west, thence west to the southwest corner of Section 32, Town- 
shin 36, Range 5, thence north to the southwest corner of Lake township, 
thence east to the place of beginning. 

"That the following territory shall constitute a to\vnship to be known 
as Washington -. Commencing t;t the northeast corner of Section 1, Town- 
ship 35, Range 5, thence south with said countj'^ line to the southeast 
corner of Section 36 in said town, thence west to the southwest corner of 
Section 32, Township 35, Range 5, thence north to the southwest corner 
of Jackson township, thence east to the place of beginning. 

"That the following territory shall constitute a township to be 
known by the name of Pleasant : ('ommencing at the southeast corner 
of Porter county, thence noi'tli to tlie northeast corner of Section 1, 
Township 34, Range 5, thence west with the southei-n boundary of 

V.,- r . i.iKH ::■■' l-'-'^-i' ■ ' ■■'"■' ■'' '■' 

, , ,,^ ■ ., ., ,.I ,;iirff,'. ;,;rin d.'i'v" I- '11 

rhinos' Jaov^. 


Washington township to the soulhwi^,!. udrncr of the same, thence south 
to the Kankakee river, thence east with the same to the place of be- 

"Tliat the following territory yliall eonstiliite a township to he known 
as Boone : Connnencing at the southwest corner of Pleasant township, 
thence north with the western boundary of Pleasant township to the 
northwest corner of the same, thence west witli the line dividing town- 
ships 34 and 35 to the county line, thence south to the southwest corner 
of Porter county, thence east with the Kniiluilcee river to the place of 

"That the following territory shall constitute a township to be 
known as Centre: Commencing at the southwest corner of Washington < 
townsliip, thence north to the southwest corjier of Jackson township, 
thence west to the northwest corner of Section 4, Township 35, Range 
6, thence south to the southwest corner of Section 33, Township 35, 
Range 6, thence east to the place of ])cginning. 

"That the following territorj' shall constitute a township to be known 
as Liberty : Commencing at the northwest corner of Washington town- 
ship, thence north to the southwest corner of Lake township, thence 
west to the northwest corner of Section 4, Township 36, Range 6, thence 
south to the southwest comer of Section 33, Township 36, Range 6, 
thence east to the place of beginning. 

"That the following territoiy shall constitute a township to be known 
as Waverly : Commencing at the southwest corner of Lake township, 
thence west to the county line, thence north \vith said line to the north- 
west corner of the county, thence east with the northern boiindary line 
of»the county to the northwest corner of Lake township, thence south 
to the place of beginning. 

"That the following territory shall constitute a township to he known 
as Portage: Commencing at the northwest comer of Liberty township, 
thence west to the county line, thence south to the southwest corner 
of Section 34, Township 36, Range 7, thence east to the southwest corner 
of Liberty township, thence north to the place of beginning. 

VT;-. ji y I .jfM'i';'! 

..vfl>fiv,'.>; ,., ,.,,,, i 

Wl ■.fir ,1.;-/ : ,./, , 
•■tl'J'-JV t;'.')7/i(li)ija ajli (jJ ('!;r. - I 

■•' i|-.'.ii<l ••![,? i)t (-(Vi-i ft./vlli.ln;,/! r,! 

■.>■ 'It ONi;,!.'/.,; r -1);!/) ;<-![,/. ]',,!,: 
'■'?:;'/! ,'.■;. qr-'^iiV/y'i ,•^ i;,.;t-r,'-' '■.. , 

/■'■' qi.i,au'i'l .'.I' i,c'r'-< '*i: ■,-,:■(,. 

'!'■';■:..' ■■ ' ' t: '^'cCn| i: ■': i- ':':>-■■ r. I'., 
■"'-^ ^O j-ct:. •-■>,;,:■.., 

•''i- If! ., ,. ■■■■ , ., .;, 


,qLieu/'Ot V 


"Aud that the following territory shall constitute a township to 
he kuowii as Union: Commencing at the northwest corner of Centre 
township, thence west to the county line, thence south to the uortin\est 
corner of Boone township, thence east to the southwest corner of Centre 
township, tlience north to the place of heginning. " 

Several changes have occurred since then in townships and township 
boundaries. For an account of these changes the reader is directed to 
the chapters on "Township Histories." 

The first session of the hoard of commissioners lasted for five days. 
On the second day an order was issued for an election to he held on 
April 30, 1836, for two justices of the peace in Waslwngton town.ship, 
and one justice in each of the other newly created townships. The order 
also designated voting places in the several townships as follows : Wa.sli- 
ington township, at Isaac Morgan's house; Jackson township, at the 
residence of A. K. Paine; Lake township, at the house of Edward Har- 
per; Waverlj', at some suitable point in the town of Waverly; Liberty 
township, at the dwelling of Daniel Y. Kesler ; Center township, at C. A. 
Ballard's residence; Pleasant township, at the house of Henry Adams; 
Boone township, at Jesse Johnston's residence; Union township, at 
George W. Turner's place; Portage township, at the dwelling of Jacob 
Wolf, Sr. 

George Cline was appointed assessor for all that part of the county 
* lying north of the line dividing townships 35 and 3.6 ; Peter Ritter for 
all that part lying south of that line, and John Adams for the attached 
territory on the west (now Lake county). An allowance for $2.50 per 
day was made to C. A. Ballard for the use of his house for the five days 
of the session. 

The election for justices of the peace was held on April 30, pursuant 
to the order of the board, and at the May meeting of the commissioners 
the other township officers — constables, road supervisors, overseers of the 
poor and fence viewere — were appointed by the board for each town- 
ship. It was further ordered that an additional justice of the peace 
be elected for Center township, and the county was divided into three 

, ;X ;<'-- u rr >•>•! '-(0 /»]OT«iH 

.Il'■;,^r^.^-' .i^..i 


, 1^ ;i >M .■.-TiiU"'J 
,;: . ,;. l.yxii/ViO "Villi i-'iii' >•! 

:ii«' :''i' ■!.: i: 

r ]o ii '''■■ ■-' '-■• '"■■■■ '•'■'■'■■'■ 
■'., .Jcif^^i! ■-ill ■ 

c, »i ' ' (» PA'>r I , 

, !} vJ 


districts foi- county commissioners. All tliat part of the county lying 
south of the line dividing townships 34 and 35 was declared to con- 
stitute the first district. North of that line and extending to the line 
dividing townships 35 and 36 constituted the second district, and the 
third district included all that portion of the county north of the north 
line of township 36. George Cline and A. S. Campbell, justices of the 
peace, paid in three dollars, which they had collected as fines for theft 
and assault. This was the first revenue received by the county. The act- 
ing county treasurer reported that no funds had been paid to him and 
lienjamin Saylor was appointed county collector. 

The commissioners appointed by the legislature to fix the location of 
the county seat met at the designated time, and on the 9th of June made 
the following report: "That thej^ met, ]iursuant to agreement, on 
Tuesday, the 7th inst., at the house of Thomas Butler, and were duly 
sworn 'to discharge the duties of commissionei's to locate the county seat 
of Porter county, Indiana ; that they proceeded to view all the sites on 
Tuesday and Wednesday following, and inquired upon what terms the 
same might be secured; tljat after d\ily inspecting the different sites 
and taking into consideration all the matters to which the law called 
their pai'ticular attention, your commissioners concluded that the south- 
west quarter of Section 24, To^vnship 35 north. Range 6 west, was the 
most eligible ^te for said county seat. Your commissioners accordingly 
gave notice that they were ready to receive proposals, if any were to be 
made, of this or other parts for such county seat. The commissioners 
received from the proprietors of said town (Portersville) and others 
donations of each alternate lot — 192 lots to be laid out at or near the 
center of said southwest quarter of Section 24, Township 35, Range 6, 
and a donation of forty acres of land — part of Section 20, Township 35, 
Range 6, and donations of money, for a more particular description of 
which you are referred to the bonds filed herewith. Your commissioners 
then proceded to the said southwest quaiier of Section 24, and located 
the county seat upon said quarter section, and stiick a stake which is 
half-way between the northwest corner and the northeast corner of the 

Jion fu;.-; .;.t h<:i<i niov ' 

v,-.(. ,.,_!■ 

!■■ -fioi.r ■;•.., I .,i;j vf; ai t.ii.fplvr ■ ,; ,.{f , 

Cfif^ .-A' f^Hl,. ,;..l„,;, .,;,, 

•'•' ■■-•'- '-!..' '!;; v,^:'' ■.; 

'.•if/ . 

f:'i'':L'.,-. L(! n . 
!'!'.!'3,(oi?.'';.riooo •;;;'i , 



public square, on the north wide of said square, aaid which by a line 
run with a compass was found to be south 53 degrees east 29 chains and 
10 links from the half-mile post on the west side of Section 24. The 
donations made for said point were upon condition that said site and 
public square shall be located as they are above described, and for which 
bonds are filed in the name of different individuals with the commis- 
sioners of Porter county. And the county seat of Porter county, as 
hereby established by the undersigned locating commissioners, is on the 
site above described ; and the stake, havng the bearings above, is on 
the north line of the public square, and the alternate lots are to be laid 
off by the donors on said site — the southwest quarter, of Section 24, 
Township 35 north. Range 6 west." 

This report was signed by three of the commissioners — William L. 
Earl, iMatthias Dawson and Judah Leaming — a nuajoi-ity of those named 
in the organic act as passed by the legislature, Joel Long and Andrew 
Wilson for some reason having failed to qualify and report for duty. 
The bonds referred to by the commisioners and filed with their report 
were given for the pajaneut of the money it was agreed to donate to 
Porter county by the proprietors of the county, the money represented 
by the bonds to be used for the erection of public buildings. These bonds 
were ten in number, and were given by the following individuals for 

the amounts opposite their resijective names : 


No. 1. Benjamin McCarty, Enoch IMcCarty, John Walker 

William Walker, L. L. Hillis 'and John Saylor. . . $500 

2. James Ilulchins 50 

3. George Cline 100 

4. A. S. Campbell 75 

5. Isaac Morgan 100 

p. Charles G. Minick 25 

7. Thomas Butler 100 

'8, G. Z. Salyer 100 


,■■ ■'■t r h: ;^k.l v: 

J -,-;■ :<'l-K r,>,ifi (,. 

J.MW/1 ;!(1^ ■>:U 

00 r 

OGI . 


9. Isaac Jlorgau 50 

10. Ruel Starr 100 

Total $],200 

With the location of tlie county seat, the Inst provision of the act 
organizing Porter county was complied witli, and she took her place 
among the other counties of the State of Indiana as a separate and 
distinct political subdivision of that great commonwealth. 


. rv. 











As stated at the close of the preceding chapter, the organization of 
Porter county was completed with the selection of a location for the 
county seat in June, 1836. But the mere act of the state legislature, the 
report of a special committee to locate a county seat, or the acts of a 
board of county commissioners are small factors in the actual establisli- 
ment of a county upon a firm and permanent foundation. What the 
county needs first is an intelligent, industrious, law-abidmg population, 
numerically strong enough to produce a revenue sufficient to make the 
necessary improvements and place the public institutions upon a secure 
footing. In the beginning the population of Porter county was, 
only 260 votes being cast at the election in August, 1836. And most of 


.i,".;'i ..'—-'■ :'::.o:j •(■'•)■:■ ■ • i\;i": ;• ■ 

' ' tai!'// ;a'i*j;Li.t.:; '! .ire ,.■:.-■) ; I: - 


these few eilizeus were in limited finaucial cireiiiiistances, iinnMc 1o liear 
tlie burden of Heavy taxation. 

In November, 1836, the county treasurer, William Walkci-, inailc a 
report for the first three months of his incuiiilK'ney, showing liis receipts 
to have been during that period $26,361/4, of which there was tlien a bal- 
ance on hand of $6.48%. This report was not very encouraging, but the 
men who settled Porter county were men of courage and cncrg}- — men 
who were not easily dismayed — and despite the financial conditions thej^ 
moved steadily forward in their efforts to build up a community in this 
then frontier region that shovild be a source of pride to their posterity. 
How well they succeeded the present conditions in the county bear tes- _^ 
timony. When the county was organized in 1836, all the territory be- 
tween the western boundarj^ and the Illinois state line Avas attached to 
Porter, and the people in this region were placed upon the tax rolls. 
This territory was erected into a separate county by the act of the legis- 
lature, approved January 18, 1837, the principal provision of which was 
as follows : 

"Sec. 1. Be it enacted 'by the General Assembly of the Stale of In- 
diana, That all that tract of country defined, bounded and designated the 
county of Lake, agreeably to an act to organize Porter county, and for 
other purposes, approved January 28, 1836, from and after the fifteenth 
day of Februaly, 1837, shall be entitled to all the privileges, powers and 
jurisdictions which belong to other separate and indejicndent counties 
of the state of Indiana ; and that John Sailor, of Porter county, John B. 
Niles, of Laporte county, Israel Rush, of St. Joseph county, John Newell, 
of^P.lkhart county, and William Allen, of Laporte comity, be, and they 
are hereby, appointed conunissioners to locate and establish a seat of jus- 
tice in said county, who shall meet for that purpose as hereinafter pro- 

By this act Porter county lost the taxes from the territory now in- 
cluded in Lake county, but at the same time was relieved from the ex- 
pense of making improvements therein, so that the gain was equal to, if 
not greater than the loss. For some time the principal sources of rev- 


■■'■••■I '■■■' ■ .':.,ui]', .•'•:,' 

.ri'.f IK:',;.> ■/■,,;._„; 

•■■ '■-■< ■.■1v :,;v/ .;;,,' , 

•'I ..:'ifV/" 

-fl' V7(.., .IoHtW* 

■r- 0(1 f jmtI tw 
li ,oJ Ja" 


enue were the $1,200 reprosenlod by flie county scat bonds, and the pro- 
ceeds arising from the sale of tlic alternate lots donated by the propri- 
etors of the county scat. These lots were sold by an agent of the county, 
and in a majority of cases were sold on time, interest bearing notes being 
taken in payment, hence Ihe jirocecds were not always immediately avail- 
able. Notwithstanding (his i)recarious condition of the county funds 
certain improvements were almost absolutely necessary''. One of the 
greatest of these needs was the opening and construction of highways. 
At the time the organic ael was passed the only authorized road in the 
county was the government road from Detroit to Fort Dearborn. This 
road, which was opened in 1831, has been described as a""'SviId, rude 
pathway, fatiguing in its roughness, abounding in dangers, and often 
uncertain in its course. Yet over this line the government opened a 
mail line, the mail being carried in knapsacks on the backs of soldiers, 
•and established a stage line througli contractors. The road ran through 
'what are now Jackson, Westchester and Portage townships, and there- 
fore v/as of no practical benefit to the inhabitants in the central and 
southern parts'' of the county. Aside from this road the pioneers de- 
pended chiefly upon the old Indian trails for their thoroughfares. 

Before the establishment of highways the people depended to a large 
extent upon the water-courses and the Great Lakes as avenues of travel 
and commerce. Michigan City was the nearest lake port of importance 
to Porter county, and it was to that port that the settlers went for their 
supplies or to market their sui-plus produce. The roads leading to this 
port were inferior, and at some seasons were almost impassable. The 
streams were crossed upon pole or log bridges of the most primitive 
character. The longest of these bridges was over the Calumet river. It 
was sixty-four feet in length and was divided into, three spans, two cribs 
having been built in the stream to support the ends of "stringers." 

To remedy this state of affairs and aff'ord better facilities for travel, 
the county commissioners at the June term in 1836, took the preliminary 
steps for the establishment of a number of highways. The first petition 
presented to the board at this session was for a county road "to extend 

"r> ..:»■> i-fMT-)(.''j i'-' fvjrr. <. 

''i\, '<■_' •^li' ''■! fr;J;i, ■ I i. .. ' L[i-^~ jV' ■ '■■<' 'i''.' ' ! 

.;jll-". ' ■:■■■-•> ..;. . n;;'i '^cnt.i':( ,0111!, .I'l ''i. ' •'•■■ >:"'•■ 

-i'l:.' ' .■!rr'n:i:or:ia!T 'iA.Vf'l.- f'Ji! ■J'iri/,' '-f.-i ■■•..■.■: >i ' -. 

■'; ■■ ^a(> 'i);fc-;'''""""l -J-j)l;'os-^. 'hi-;:'/ ■'■■■, 

..- ' - -ijpiu 1,0 a"ij-<n .'■e.LU-\' Li],'-; ^4!tfrr';)/ -i!.; ,^-/f :- 
:■■■ ■ nl b;>OH )>:isi'i':_iTj.f --IiiC 'ui; |.-v,j] ,; ■ • ■ ■>; 

^■:\'l' ,!:iOi<-fr;>i''' -li/'f mI j;oiJ--'J i-.O'.: : ..< ■ ..•• ■ • 

••f.i'-: .r.rr?/' :t^ '/.:. :}: ^i(T-r;;0l. H-.'.'! r'rit ii'^-i i..; (■' 

'; '' .1. ■ ;■•> ..!r ■r:r';-,-', li : -nir ^Idl \ ■ 'O ;■,'•' ^:- 
^oV ii '■"'■! Iji -i|-i;'r,f MiM j:;i;. fii(:Ji:,-:, ;):ij:I li i.-i'i-siv, „ .'. 
;J-;;m •■■'! II,;-. r,::o-r --'T .y-foj;;:; itni^o ;i;ij'' 

->f;i ^" ) ir(;f(f vii!' irKivr ai':/ ...■:'' : i^ '^ "••;i;(j'--) ■ 

;■■ •^, ;J ::.< > .v.f-.r« ^f: r .;!::J Jv.-.ti .-.,0 . . ,: ; ., 
•I'.nii.) !0 :■"; !«) ■-I'O'i :.>■:' It:-:;;;;'! "iM ?j:- 
. :■,■!' (.;'■ fjvVf .v.;;!;;.,^ .lir j:j;.; ■?-...[ t; -• 

^li'T iImf;; ^iijii;:!' t;^iAij''; ''Vj/' ft u^^'' ;■?:■' •''ii!'jri *> :■ 

:'''U.j •■).■;! ,RHf.'i<]i :/''•-■,!.'' ojiii J 

,fs7ii'/t I'l i".^;ftli!:.-! ■\b]^■Y^ I ' 


from Portersville by the best and nearest route to the new crossway be- 
tween Andrew Taylor's and James Bhiir's, thence to the county line, in- 
tersecting a road leading via Cathcart's Grove to Laporte. " In re- 
sponse to the petition the board appointed Wilson Malone, Morris With- 
am and James W. Turner viewers. At the same time Peter Ritter, 
Samuel Olingcr and William Thomas were appointed to view a proposed 
road from the northeast corner of section 24, towoaship 36 north, range 
5 west, to the west line of the county via Casteel's mill on Coffee creek 
and Gosset's mill on Salt creek. In July the board appointed Joseph 
Willey, Samuel G. Jackson and Jesse Johnston to view a country road 
from the north line of the southwest quarter of section 30, to^vuship 35, 
range 5, to Sherwood's ferry on the Kankakee river. Several new roads 
were projected at the September term of the commissioners court, 
though not all of them were built. Isaac ]\Iorgau, Reason Bell and An- 
drew Taylor were appointed viewers for a road from Portersville (Val- 
paraiso) to the county line near the mouth of Taylor's rim. This be- 
came kno-\vu as the Joliet road. Another road ran from the northeast 
corner of section 22, township 33, range 7, to Portersville — Henry 
Rinker, Isaac Morgan and John Shinabarger, viewers. Other roads 
ordered at this session were those running from Portersville to Thomas 
Snow's store; from Portersville to Elijah Casteel's mill; from Porters- 
ville to Athens, near Gosset's mill; from the new bridge on the Calumet 
river at the mouth of Salt creek to Deep river, and from Portersville to 
the county line in the direction of Michigan City. The last named was 
intended to form a link in a road from Michigan City west to the state 
line. Section 9 of an act relating to state roads, approved on February 
0^1837, provided: 

"That Daniel M. Learning, of Laporte county, William Prakes, of 
Porter county, and William Hatton, of Lake county, be, and they are 
hereby, appointed commissioners to view, mark and locate a state road 
from the town of Laporte, in Laporte county, on the nearest and best 
route to the town of Portersville (Valparaiso), in Porter county, thence 
west by. the way of the seat of justice of Lake county to the Illinois state 

/T'-^rjOD H: 

;'!'■ i '•:;;. ,./ %i- .,,,0 

■ ■ - •■-'(V :,: IUj'y!.,!r,l. 

; v.( .fff 


-■'■-''■■I ■ ' t '/i' ' rv ■■■ I- .,<r . 
'■■ -'i^'VfT^V to' ;. file . 

'''L no fv.iv 

- • ..•:■:^^.■/J . ■ 


line, in the direclion of Juliet, iu the stale of Illinois; Provided, however, 
That if the seat of ju.sticc in the said county of Lake shall not be located 
at the time of tlie local ion of the said state road, the commissioners 
aforesaid will pi-occcd to Jocate said road on the nearest and best ronte 
from the to\\'n of Portci'svillc west to the state line, in the direction of 
Joliet, in the said slate of Illinois." 

Some time prior to tlic organization of Porter count}'', the state estab- 
lished what was known as the "three per cent, fund, to be disbursed by 
an agent of the state in making internal improvements, etc. The office 
of state agent was abolished in 1835, and the fund placed under the 
charge of the state treasurer. By the act of February 6, 1837, "for the 
equal distribution of the three per cent, fund," it was provided "That 
the sum of two thousand dollars is hereby appropriated out of the three 
per cent, fund to each of the oi-ganized and unorganized counties in this 
.state as may accrue, for the purposes of improvement of such state roads 
or paiis thereof, or to the construction or repairing of bridges in said 
county as the said board may order and direct, unless otherwise provided 
by law. ' ' 4 

The addition of $2,000 thus made to the local revenues proved to be a 
great benefit to the people of Porter county, and it stimulated the build- 
ing of state roads. Pursuant to acts passed by the legislature of 1839, 
Philander A. Paine and William C. Talcott were appointed commis- 
sioners to locate a state road commencing at a point on the Valparaiso 
and Sherwood ferry road and running north on the line between sec- 
tions 19 and 20, township 35, range 5, to City West ; A. S. Campbell and 
William C. Talcott were appointed to lay out a state road from Valpa- 
raiso west to intersect a certain state road at or near Preston Blake's; 
William C. Talcott was selected and authorized to lay out a state road 
from Valparaiso to City West via Thomas' mill, and Henry Rinker and 
William K. . Talbot were appointed viewers for a state road beginning 
in Laporte county and running to City West, thence to Long lake to in- 
tersect a state road near the head of the lake. Encouraged by the assis- 
tance of the state, through the distribution of the three per cent, fund, 

.:tv:miv. .:/two'j '■;.' .•>i,>rMir 

,-:'t'\':---'.UfM.K--: ■'■: ..■rAyi ^t■^>: i'l.-l U\. '■.:■ I 

li.iiji —J l>u.- ■:•.;«■. fi "il rf" -;: r; i.i ■:'. ;><i, .m •■> ■ 


■.;cl l-,.''.i':'<M -. ^: ,;) :!il .i:!'-<-> ■•■'■; r:>:^ l'" ■!;!! -^^ ■• 

'lOiti;' '/''' .•J.:-: •.;/(•>■■(■■■-•',■;-;::■; S'-. ' ■ j1n: jjin ^'-..i !.■ •; 
■,>iJj ^...ijuij !)?>i-''; hiLr.'^ Ml. i.Jtt' ,r;;;h.t (:: i".,..i(' 'J'. ^ 

■ ,'.'j.!i ■.''.'■'In '.'. : viiii'Lqo'jqipi (.ii'tMC/l h' ;.-;i''- ■' 
Fiat.,; ;. ;.t:.i/';. ■,.>;; :u,yinii.i ij.iB i.-Wiis-'u.i ■. ■■ - . 

/ .-/>■ 7' 'iwTjt h;.'.''! yiv.t?. 1, i'ji: 'rt:'. ot '(■VMiiii.-^-!'. :.'>-.■ 

MO'tlf.T .0 !.)■ 


the commissioners of Porter county I. vied as heavy a tax as the citizens 
could bear for the purpose of bnildu.^^ county roads. The construction 
of the early highway was a comparatively simple matter. The greatest 
labor involved was in the removal of \]\c timber from the line of the road. 
Then the low places were filled up, ditches excavated along the side of 
road in places that needed di-aining, and crude bridges thrown over the 
streams. None of the early roads was more than what are known as 
"dirt" roads. Gravel being scarce and macadamizing too expensive 
for the treasury, it was several years before any attempt was made to 
construct an improved highway in the count}'. Probably the first effort 
of this nature was made in the fall of 1850. At a special session of the 
board of county commissioners on November 16, 1850, the following^ 
petition was presented : 

"To the Honorable, the Board of Commissioners of the County of 
Porter: Your petitioners, the Board of Directors of the Valparaiso & 
Michigan City Plank Road Company, would humbly represent to your 
honorable body that a company has been organized for the purpose of 
constructing a plank road from Valparaiso to Michigan City, making a 
point on the Buffalo & Mississippi railroad or near the place where the 
line between Ranges 5 and 6 crosses the same. That the nearest and best 
route for the construction of said road would probably be to run on the 
road from Valparaiso to Michigan City between Valparaiso and the 
above named ^oint on the railroad, and thence running part or all the 
way to Michigan City on the road that leads from the above point to 
Michigan City, as far as the eastern line of the county of Porter, near 
Michigan City. Your petitioners, therefore, ask your honorable board 
to^-grant to said company the right of way on said road or roads from 
Valparaiso to the eastern line of the county of Porter, near Michigan 
City aforesaid, or to so much or such part of said road or roads as you 
may deem expedient and right." 

This petition was signed by W. P. Ward, president of the board of di- 
rectoi-s, and George "W. Turner, secretary. Michigan City was still the 
leading supply and receiving point for the people of Porter county, and. 


i'J '■".> 7;^0T;UB 

' ■'hi:: :(i,r •:• .'y. , ,,,,. . , -, 
•i! ''.:/0 ii,7,;i!.j . ■..:».; J.; ,:Jj,, 

Vj '<X i\ ;. : 


'-' ■ ' ■■■- ■ -' ■>ff Vk;i:d:.'.i ;,; ;,,,.. ; : ,. 

■■■•■ '- '■" "^ ■■•-.. ••r'(w ,:„v,i^..; .<-) ,.K 

-'"'■' •■'■■■'•-•■- "-' /;:.,;.." ..,'1 p, ff ,„ 

b7ftl..' •ii.iH-iojfod V,r.3-( J) .. .3V< !:.■; .ut (: 
-ib loj ;;;,!i .,((r V-. :jr'?r-:-.r r.-.^V,^ .7 r. 


remembering the impassable roads at certain seasons during the preced- 
ing fifteen years, they gave an ahnost unanimous support to the phiuk 
road project, hoping thereby to enjoy better transportation facilities. 
Consequently, upon the presentation of the above petition, the board 
promptly ordered, "That the right of way be granted to the Valparaiso 
& Michigan City Plank Road Company to construct a plank road from 
Valparaiso to Michigan City on, over, along or across any or all state 
or county roads which' they may desire. ' ' 

This order, broad and sweeping as it was iu its provisions, was prob- 
ably the first franchise granted to a corporation by the authorities of 
Porter county. Foremost among the promoters and stockholders of the 
l^lank road company were Chauncey and Lyman Blair of Michigan City, 
where most of the stock was held. In connection with the construction 
of the road, the company organized a private bank and used bank bills 
of their own issue in paying for material and labor used in building the 
road. At that time there were numei'ous private banks scattered over 
the country, the issues of which were generally known as "wild-eat" 
money, because of the uncertainity of its redemption in specie. The 
plank road bank, however, maintained its circulation at par with gold, 
redeeming -the notes at any time upon demand. It is related that one 
man, having several thousand dollars in plank road bills, became 
alarmed and made a trip to Michigan City and demanded the redemp- 
ti<fei of the notes. The demand was promptly met and he received gold, 
dollar for dollar. Finding that his paper money was good, he asked to 
have it returned to him instead of the coin, but at the time the bank was 
liquidating its business and was glad to redeem its notes, hence his re- 
qiiest was not granted and he had to carry his gold home with him. 

With a company so strong financially, it would naturally be sup- 
posed that the plank road would be promptly constnicted, but such was 
not the case. Work was commenced soon after the right of way -was se 
cured, most of the road between Valparaiso and Chesterton was planked 
but between the latter place and Michigan City there were stretches 
where a plank was never laid, the company depending upon the compact 

'[■A\Uj.> ,;,i.:iTjioH ■•i(.- 


VI , , ■ ;•.« t', l;M|.r/:n .■'Ciii!i, . 
11 1)1; L.'^; i "i-'.' :H1: ''0 •!• 

.'[, ,, •■•... ,■.•■'< /;-• I, i -■ "I'l'"!')! .''.''ii'-i .''<-■ 
■ iv--/ ,-<'■'•■■ ••;. ' ^n o' ■■■) ■'■ K"^ 

K'^-,' -in V;^ l■'.i-^. /ii;n:v.i. bni: ,. 

,i, n, (• -I. w-^ifi 'fi"-!*^' Lt. 

>)■// ,-.-. i.'''Oxi>< /!;■ ■:v':;i ■;!' li' 
4t: - ■U'.q y:, ■ 

••;-,■,■ .[■•-<; td:, 

.. I'X lillV t fill':! i^l-a^^'i- <"'^'' '■' '" 

r;'j, ■, i vlL'riLrJdri h!r;n-/r If /.■.'-lamiiuii: 
■1.. .'/ lio.; 

OP . ,,Y 

D'''i;iiiK| Anil 
v>jq(i!0.i flili . 


sandy soil to furnish a solid road lied witliout going to tlie expcns- of 
covering the surface with planks. Toll was collected for a lew \ .-.s 
upon the road, when the company ceased to exist and the mneli talkiil of 
plank road fell into decay. 

A company was organized in 1851 for the purpose of hnildiiKj; a 
plank road between Valparaiso and Laporte. No difficulty was exper- 
ienced in obtaining a right of way over the public highways, and aliont 
seven miles of plank were laid, part of which M'as in Porter county iiud 
part in Laporte. For a few j'cars toll was collected, but opposition 
among the patrons of the road developed because it had not been com- 
pleted according to the original plan, and the enterprise was abandoned. 
For several years after this time no efforts were made to build roads of 
an improved character. On March 3, 1877, Governor "Williams a]i- 
proved an act authorizing county commissioners "to lay out, construct or 
improve, by straightening, or grading or draining, paving, graveling or 
macadamizing, any state or county road, or any part thereof, \\i11iin 
the limits of the county." Five freeholders might petition the board 
for such road' improvement, and if the petition was granted bonds siiould 
be issued, the contract let, and an assessment levied against the lands 
benefited by the improvement. 

This act marks the actual beginning of the "good roads movement" 
in Indiana. Since the original law was passed it has been repeatedlj' 
amended, but the act of 1877 still remains as the basis of the gravel road 
laws of the state. The first macadamized road constructed in Porter 
county is that known as the Jones road in Union township. It was 
built about 1897. In building this road the experiment was tried of 
usin"g- iron slag as a paving material, but it was soon discovered that the 
soil contained a sulphurous element that dissolved the iron. Since then 
a little coarse gtavel, shipped in from Illinois, has been used, (bough 
most of the improved highways are laid with macadam, or finely broken 
stone, which has been found to be the most durable, and in the ■ nd the 
cheapest material. About the time the Jones road was Imilt work was 
begun on the Flint Lake road, which has been macadamized all llie way 



iSVV ' V. 


to Chesterton and is oue of the fiuest roads in northern Indiana. In 
June, 1912, there were about 250 miles of macadamized road completed 
iu the county, and some sixteen miles were then under construction. 
The auditor's report for the year 1911 shows that Porter county has 
issued gravel road bonds to the amount of $948,580, of which $274,748.- 
50 has been paid. Macadamized roads lead from Valparaiso to Chester- 
ton, Laporte, Wheeler, Hebron, and southwest to within one mile of the 
village of Hurlburt on the Chicago & Erie railroad, and there is also an 
improved road running west into Lake county. In Portage to^vnslap, 
between the Baltimore & Ohio and Pennsylvania railroads, nearly all 
the highways are macadamized, and other portions of the county are 
rapidly "getting into line.'' All the roads are built in the most sub- 
stantial manner, and in a few 3'ears more Porter county will stand 
among the leading counties of the state in the character of her highways. 
The first session of the circuit court in Porter county was held at the 
residence of John Saylor in October, 1836, Judge Samuel C. Sample pre- 
siding. "When the time came for the jury to take up the consideration 
of a verdict, Jhere M'as no suitable room for their deliberations, and they 
conducted their "secret session" under a large oak tree near the house. 
This showed the necessity for a court house, but the condition of the 
county treasury was such that the erection of a building commensurate 
with the needs of the county was out of the question. In this emergency 
the citizens came to the rescue, and early in 1837 a subscription paper 
was circulated to raise funds with which to erect a court house and jail. 
The sum of $1,250 was soon realized and with this a frsjne court house 
20 by 48 feet Avas Imilt on the west side of the square where the present 
court house stands. A log jail was built iu 1838 on Mechanic street 
(now Indiana avenue), a short distance southeast of the public square. 
On December 17, 1870, the county commissioners bought the lot on the 
southeast corner of Franklui street and Indiana avenue for $2,200 and 
on March 8, 1871, let the contract for the erection of a new jail to cost 
$24,325. Some twelve years later some new cells were added and a heat- 

,. .,i)-:, -i-.i! f. ':■::•.. ion Ml •Jiivn .lli:>Clil •J'K '■ ■■>'"" J--' i 
,:.(! .•■';:)■•■. !•;■> ■'■•I.iiif t'Mil' Mv>-Y 
hi". ;:;■: \^ni. u> ,:i iC.t.^r;: :•/ hvi-'.'^r, '.'< -■; ■ 

. . -;:':' ... ^ -<•:,, -iMy i.fot] bi"ji Jjiio; :-ri'.;/.:.o« <:'A 

.,1) ■; ) ■.:■■. -iio rir;i:iv/ :>■ ' 

..;(, ,.,.,.; -w.Unl ^■. . J'M;'i' •■.'••ou ^-^-i' ■■'■■■ 

:Uj- ;■ -.,1, ...It I,: ''ii/i! o'J- '^''' ■ ■- 

.;-<r •, c! :,'■ •■■jiMo •iO''--'.:j;fit '^'1 " -■:■<••'■'•■':■ 

• i; '■ o'.'i.! Kji ■' mdus'i Tv; ., ■c,, ■;;i '.■ 

i.)i;B-vrs.u.-r. ■■ ■ •■ ■>■' ■"'■■ ^- •'' 

.:,k..,.:m v^j ".. u -ry-j ■•.,..;^')., 

r•^. •,j{T:;j.'M -^iil. "^"i .A!0i:'rOIV -Jili 'I'. '^'■' •■■■' "'■■'■ 
H.ri, : :;<):;.('■::■•!;'."'- i "^'.8f Lii 7,1'(6-J OJo . 'UO ^: 
\'.,', iilisi : .i-:ii "1 >•> '■ ' 

'Korf is b' ' ' ■ ' ' 



iiig plant installed at a cost of $4,500, giving Porter county one of the 
best jail buildings in the state. 

The old frame court house continued to do duty until 1850, altliough 
it was inadequate to the county's needs, and for several years court was 
held in an upper room over the postoftice. In 1850 a new court house 
was commenced.^ It was finished in 1853, the delay having been caused 
by the use of unsuitable material, a portion of the Iniilding having to be 

Old Court House 

torn down and rebuilt, yet when completed it was considered one of the 
handsomest county buildings in the state. It was 40 by 60 feet, built of 
brick, and cost the county $13,000. As the county continued to grow, 
additions to this building became necessary, and by 1880 the question of 
erecting a new building came up for consideration. In December, 1882, 
the board of county commissioners ordered the erection of a new court 
house. The plans submitted by J. C. Cochrane, an architect of Chicago, 
w^ere accepted on April 10, 1883, and bids for the construction of the 

I.' .- • •, . 


building were _opciied at the June term following. On July 18, 1883, 
the board issued (lie I'oUowiug order : 

"Whereupon, said proposals having been publiely read, the Board, 
on due consideration of all the said proposals^ do find that John D. Wil- 
son of Valparaiso, Indiana, is the lowest responsible bidder, and it is 
therefore ordered hy the board that the proposal of the said John D. 
Wilson be, and the same is hereby accepted, and it is further ordered by 
by the Board that the contract to build the said court house be, and the 
same is hereby awardctl to the said John D. Wilson for the sum of one 
hundred and twenty-tivL- lliousand nine hundred ajid nine dollars ($125,- 
909)." • ■ . « 

The contract was signed on July 25, 1883, Mr. Wilson began work at 
once, and on October 24, ]883, the corner-stone was laid with appro- 
priate ceremonies, uudei- the auspices of Porter Lodge, No. 137, Free & 
Accepted Masons. The city was gaily decorated and all business was 
suspended during the ceremonies. Seven Masonic lodges, several com- 
manderies of Knights Templars, the Grand Army of the Republic, the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the city fire department and a num- 
ber of brass bands participated in the proceedings. The corner-stone, 3 
by 7 feet and about 22 inches thick, was laid by A. P. Charles, of Sey- 
mour, Deputy Grand Master of the Indiana Grand Lodge. In the cen- 
ter of the stone is the inscription: "Laid bj' the Masonic Fraternitj^, Oc- 
t(>ber 24, A. D. 1883, A. L. 5883." To the right of this are the names of 
the commissioners and the county auditor, and to the left the names of 
the architect and contractor. Within the stone M'ere deposited samples 
of Porter county grain, a court calendar, copies of the county news- 
papers, a catalogue of the Northern Indiana Normal School, a roster of 
the JIasonic bodies and the fire companies, historical and statistical re- 
ports of the several townshijis, photographs of the county and city 
ofiScials, etc. 

The dimensions of the court house are 128 feet from east to west, 98 
feet from north to south, and 1G8 feet to the top of the dome. It con- 
sists of two stories and ba.sement, the outer walls being constructed of 

/• .'u •i^) 

■ ' . U'*i i 

-■jO ."{;jl.if-' ''■''"' ^'''^' ' 

■,.,, ,■■!■;'! '' -' iJ 1-^' ■■'■'■' ■?" ■'■-''' 

Xo r-^o-i ■■. 'o^iJi'^ fKU'i../' AiaHfbu"! ?.,..:., w 
^c jv ,,' ■( .lai.s Uif^'T'!' .)'j9l B;.i ~>ii. 

t,. n^joiii!---' ^'^'^-J SlU-7- ISJm: 3.1; , 


oolitic limestone from Elletsville, Indiana. On tlic, last day of ]\l.i\-, 
1886, W. E. Bro\^'ii, then auditor of the county, made liis final icjioi t hs 
to the cost of the building, which was .'iil57,3'18.10. Tliis was more Hum 
$30,000 in excess of the original contract, but a number of things \v<-rr 
included in the auditor's total that were not a part of the contract, mhIi 
as $1,451.88 for a clock and bell, and some $10,000 for fniniluic niul 
office fixtures. (See Frontispiece.) 

Prior to 1855, the poor of the county were taken care of by snih re- 
sponsible persons as were willing to undertake the charge, the conmiis- 
sionci's paying from one to two dollars per week for each indigent per- 
son. On June 7, 1855, the board of commissioners bought from William 
C. Pennock, for $3,000, a tract of 120 acres of land in sections 2G and 27, 
township 35, range 6, for a poor farm. Soon after the purchase was 
made, a contract was entered into with George C. Buel to erect a frame 
house, 32 by 45- feet for a poor house, the consideration being $2,4H2, of 
which $500 was to be paid on Jamiary 1, 1856, $1,000 on March 1, 185G, 
and the remainder in county bonds payable in one year and bearing six 
per cent, interest. The building was completed and ready for use at the 
time specified in the contract — September 1, 1856, and, with several 
additions continued to be the county poor house for nearly half a 
century. Eighty acres — the west half of the southeast quarter of section 
26 — were added to the farm in 1866, at a cost of $3,200, and in June, 
1875, the comissioners purchased of "W. C. Hannah, for $1,200, ' ' all that 
part of the northeast quarter of Section 35, Township 35, Range 6, 
Which lies north and east of Salt creek and south of a line drawn parallel 
with the north line of said quarter, and distant seventy rods and thirteen 
feet south therefrom, the same to be an addition to the poor farm." An- 
other addition was made on June 9, 1876, when the commissioners 
bought for $1,200 the southeast quarter of the southwest quarlci' of sec- 
tion 27, except ten acres off the south side. 

Early in 1905 the commissioners took the preliminary steps lor the 
erection of new buildings upon the farm by employing an arclnii'ct to 
make plans for a "county infirmary." The architect subniitfod plans 

■' ■'■ -'S'^' i^i;f :i,f; „o 

''■ ■ ■ '' '■■vjyi'i,'.' ;-: ,i; 

' 'I ••■'■' -oj (i(;o,(i(;|: 

I '•*/ :i ^t',') 

tjlartr.d 8v». 

^1- •!•: ..',, 


'£;■'. ' 

fin . 

1 . ■ '.; - 

■! if »..:■ 


''ii'i.r :., 

;"' ' 'lij; 

! ''<:-m\: 

)1 t ,. , , 



foi" a building to cost $35,000, but the counly council reduced the amount 
to $25,000. Consequently the plans were changed to bring the estimate 
within this figure, and on August 7, 1905, bonds to the amount of $25,- 
000, bearing four per cent, interest, were issued and the proceeds ap- 
plied to the erection of the building upon the tract of land hitherto 
known as the poor farm. A few citizens were dissatisfied with the 
building on account of the changes in the plans to bring the cost within 
the amount allowed by the county council, and there M^as some talk of a 

PoETER County Asylum 

suit to enjoin the county from paying the bonds, but nothing came of it. 
Since then a barn costing $4,000 has been erected on the farm. The 
term "poor house" has become obselete. With the legislation directing 
the commissioners of the several counties in the state to provide suit- 
able quarters for certain insane persons, along with the paupers, the 
name "county asylum" has been adopted. Porter county has one of the 
best institutions of this nature in northern Indiana. 

One of the greatest works of internal improvement ever made by the 
county has been in the matter of ditches for the reclamation of swamp 

,; Jo .'i;^.! ;.«ica -.i:.-: • '''11' ! li" ''•' 

tr .!>> ?r.;i.'> ■'itij.H^a /' 

i,.!i:t n-'[Var[ od! '>'!• 

aril io '.■■■■0 and ■"jJinK't 


lands. These ditches are constructed under a hiw similar to that provid- 
ing for the building of gravel or macadamized roads. When a certain 
number of freeholders, whose lauds will be affected by the proposed 
diteli, petition the countj"^ commissioners for the construction of such 
ditch, a survey is made, the cost estimated, and if the petition is granted 
bonds are issued and assessment levied upon the lands. The oldest ditch 
in the county is the Reeves ditch, which begins in section 24, toNNTiship 
33, range 5, and runs south to section 3G, thence west to the Kankakee 
river, draining an area of some eight square miles in Pleasant township. 

The Koselke system of ditches embraces practically the entire Crooked 
creek valley. It begins in Washington township, about two miles east 
of the city of Valparaiso, absorbs the old Hunt and Lyon ditches, and 
includes some seven miles of new ditch along Crooked creek. This system 
drains a large area in Washington, Morgan and Pleasant townships. 
Connected witLthe Koselke sj'stem is the Hutton ditch in the eastern part 
of tlie county. It receives the Cain ditch, which begins near Prattville, 
and the Orr ditch, beginning about three-fourths of a mile south of Clear 
lake. East of the Hutton ditch is the Wa.shington and Morgan township 
ditch which drains an area of about ten square miles in the to^\aiships 
from which it takes its name. 

Another large system is the Phillips ditch and its branches, beginning 
about a mile north of Boone Grove and running southward to the Kank- 
akee river, draining about fourteen sections of land in Porter and Boone 

Between the Koselke and Phillips ditches is the Pleasant township 
system, which has its source a short distance north of the Panhandle 
railroad, about two miles east of Kouts. The main ditch, with its 
numerous ramifications, trends southwestward and enters the Kankakee 
river about half a mile west of the Koselke ditch in section 35, township 
33, range 6. 

Just west of the Pleasant township system lies the Cobb or Sandy 
Hook system, which drains the largest area of any system of ditches in the 

V T. 

l',» .-;:., 

i>r:.'; .#■. 


(■■ir.f! ;i' 



county. This-S3'steiii approximates about twenty-four iiiili's of ditrli, tncli 
mile of which drains a section of laud. 

To the west of the Phillips ditch is the I'.i lyfo^dc jiad Cornell ditches 
in one system. The Cornell ditch begins near llic villat^c of Iturlburt 
and runs southeast to section 9, township ;>:), lan^r G, Uienec south to 
section 21 of the same township and range, where il joins llie Breyfogle 
ditch, which empties into the Kankakee i-i\eL- abont a mile and a half 
east of the Lake county line. 

In the southwest corner of the county is the .Moirow system, in which 
about one mile of dike has ben built — tin' only ilike in I'orter county. 
This system runs westwaixl into Lake count\'. 

The Cook.ditch has its beginning in Laporte county, on the line be- 
tween townships 32'and 33. It drains a small area in the comer 
of Porter county where it is being rebuilt and wlien eoni[)!eted will be 
known as the Keller ditch. 

Near the center of the county is the I'arkev diteli, which begins on 
the line between "Washington and Center townships and follows the 
course of old Salt creek for over six miles. It takes its name from the 
fact that Charles H. Parker was one of the principal factors in securing 
its construction. When this ditch was opened it was noticed that it 
materially affected some of the wells in the southern part of the city of 
Valparaiso. It forms an outlet for the sewers of that city. 

Comparatively little ditching has been done in Ihc Calumet region in 
the northern part of the county. _ The Tratebas diteli drains a small ai-ea 
of lowland about a mile north of Woodville, in the vicinitj' of Mud lake. 
The Robbins ditch runs through sections 18, 19 and 30, township 36, 
range 6, and the Samuelson ditch runs througli sections 28, 29, 30 and 
31 of the same township and range. The McDoiuild ditch runs through 
sections 14, 15, 23 and 24, township 37, range f), and the Voitilit ditch 
drains a small area in the northciistern part of tlie county between the 
Michigan Central railroad and Lake Michigan. However, several large 
projects for draining this portion of the county are under consideration. 
The greatest of these is the Burns or Calumet system, involving an ex- 

11'' t ,,' ■'i'Vi 



•,;:,.( ;,;,:' ' ' ■'■'''■ ■■'"■' 

<>: ,!/(;•,. .•• "■ ' '' 
fii;;; ')'•:• >- »'^^ '•'•" ' ' ' ' 
,r;jfiri» 8inr-i ,1 jib »''.-^'^ 

.,,it 15.; ..■/)■;.. v;iUfO" : .'■ 

.111 r*f^''vf':i-' "■ 



peuditure of about $300,000. At this w^i1in,^' (June, ]i)12) the matter 
is in the hands of the Indiana Supreme Court. If that tribunal renders 
a favorable decision, and the work is couifilotcd accordiiig- to the on^nal 
designs, the course of the Calumet river will he changed. The main 
ditch of ths system will enter Lake ]\Iieliigan about three-quarters of a 
mile west of Dune Park. 

Large sums of money have been e.xjicinlecl in the county in the con- 
struction of ditclies, and still others are eontemiilatcd. But for every 
dollar thus invested the crops from the fertile soil of the reclaimed lands 
have demonstrated that it has been a profitable investnient. 

Railroads are not internal improvements iu the sense that they were 
built by appropriation of the piiblic funds, but in Porter county they 
have played an important part in the development of the couuty's 
resources. Of the 7,220 miles of railway in the state, nearly 200 miles 
are in Porter_ county. Lines of eight great systems pass through the 
county, and branches of still other systems cross some portion or termin- 
ate within the county limits. In 1850 the j\Iichigan Central and the 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railways leached the eastern border 
of Porter county. There was a spirited rivalry between the two com- 
panies to see which line would first be completed to Chicago. The Mich- 
igan Central won the victory, but by a narrow margin! The Michigan 

Central enters the county near the northeast corner and runs southwest, 

while the Lake Shore crosses the eastern border near the line separating 

Pine and Jackson townships and trends a little north of west, crossing 

the Michigan Central near Chesterton. The first freight received by rail 

in Porter county was a consignment of goods for Hubbard Hunt, then 

a :nerchant of Valparaiso. These goods came on a Michigan Central 

construction train in 1851 to where the t-own of Porter now stands, and 

there were unloaded upon the open prairie. 

The Lake Shore & Michigan Southern was at first called the Michigan 

Southern & Northern Indiana. One of the early time cards of this road 

shows that it took the fastest train on the line eight hours and a half to 

make the trip from Toledo to Chicago, while the accommodation train 


•a-.i.Zl-A. ->/!.l ->; -lit,-,;)., 

■ iriiii •.,••" f. 

-'-'■ '•' ■ >'■ :•■:■•' :>li .1.1 .. ,; ,• , 

''••■' .■■..;/ •■v,T„-'; ^: lav. 
'^■'"> ■■■'■ ■'•'li .■■,, Ji ,,, ,. 

- ' ■'•■!•».■, -, ;.:v;„;,.| .;( 

-nil-'- ,-.-■. ' -y <: -, ■ I , . ■ 

-^^'^^^^■-' -n.'' - /r ...,., 

,<'-'•'■•■ ::.;t xocT !. ■ ■■ - - • 
hap. .:;[.!.;.;? v^-.if ,. , ,,,<i -,, 

bjioi Kid.? Ic 


required nearly eleven hours. Some idea of the "eoml'orls" oi' traveling 
on these early railways may be gathered from the following deserijjtive 
article taken from the Valparaiso Observer of iNovcinhcr 5, 1853: 

"The cars of the night express train on the ]\li(lii!^;iii Ceiitrnl railroad 
are furnished with high-baeked seats, to enable a pei-soii to lay back his 
head and sleep as well as an easy rocking ehaii-. If one ha.s a wliole 
seat, he can find pretty comfortable room to lie down, atid then after 
becoming accustomed to the noise, can sleep very well. 

The cars are lighted with what one would at first view take to be 
lamps, but prove to be very large candles, probably near two inches hi 
diameter. The candlestick has a spring which coiistaijly pi'esses the 
candle upwards, and a cover with a hole in the middle for the wick to 
stick up through, which screws on at the top, and only allows the candle 
to be raised up by the spring as fast as it burns away. This seemed to 
be a piece of ingenuity worthy of remark. ' ' 

That was written less than sixty years ago, and the made 
in railroading since then has been a greater "piece of ingenuity" than 
the invention of the large caudle with its spring candlestick. The pas- 
senger of to-day on the Mchigan Central may ride in Pullman sleeping 
or drawing room cars, lighted by electricity, and take his meals in a 
dining car as well equipped as the best restaurants in our large cities. 

The completion of the two roads above mentioned gave to the northern 
fart of the county improved mail, transportation and traffic facilities, 
but the central and southern portions of the county received but little 
direct benefit from their construction. Consequently, an agitation was 
started for a line to cross the county near the center, the citizens of 
Valparaiso being especially active in the movement. By the middle of 
the Nineteenth century it was aji'parent that Chicago was dcsliiied to be 
the great commercial metropolis of the Middle West, and it was not a 
very difficult matter to interest capitalists in a proposition to build a 
line of railway from Chicago eastward, with a view of ultimately touching 
the Atlantic seaboard. The agitation culminated in the organization of 
a company to build a road froui Port Wayne to Chicago. A Valparaiso 

{'\:/:yy : fKiT^i'j'T -lo YM0T81H 


.-...^:.^':[ ■■: 

::,,: ::" :. 


LU'. ;Ti: .- '■ 

: . , ■ : • . . i ' ■ ■ 

,', ,-.\M 

• i- 

/)|-(^^'.--: .^ !-' 

[' . ./.' 1- .-' 

Yi>:'\ .1 

.' ;1. 

: ; V'^1,.; ■ ^ 

r ■ ,;i 1 ■,-; . 

s? i:( .M' 

Li -y 

, ■'•/!-<;'■.: 


; -Mi r . •' - 


ii.. i.ll.Mrn ..W ■.•,••! .^ ■in. MVi ;,,*! i-i ■jvt,. ., 

f,.( ->j ',o,i;;i=-l' ^^^^ M>.u',j,i'i jiii!.) !ii-'ii?.t(!'; ■■i'l! M vt; 

i^ 'ill 33"/ ii b'llt ,1:.. :'.''' 

'to uo;>ii-iuu3io oiiJ ■• ■ '' 


paper of April 7, 1853, announced lliat Mr. I'ieree and Mr. Anthony 
were just baek from Fort Wayne and bi-oughl the cheering news that 
work on tlie road would begin in a montli, and tliat it was expected to 
have trains running to Chicago by the beginning of winter. This 
"cheering news" was a little premature. In September, 1853, a new 
board of directors was elected, S. I. Antljony, of Valparaiso, being one 
of the number, and the new board announced tlint it was hoped to have 
the road completed by the fall of 1854. Again the M'ork was delaj'cd 
by various obstacles and three years elapsed before the work really was 
actively begun. In August, 1856, some eastern men became interested 
in the project, a new board of directors was cho.scn, and tlie name of the 
road was changed to the "Pittsburgli, Fort Wayne & Chicago." Early 
in 1857 the contracts for construction were relet, and about April 1st 
work was commenced at Valparaiso. Later in the summer it became 
rumored about that an effort was being made to have the road leave the 
original survey and run by waj' of Laporte. This aroused the indigna- 
tion of the Valparaiso people, and late in Julj' a meeting was held, T. A. 
E. Campbell presiding, and-the following resolutions were unanimously 
adopted : 

"Resolved, That on account of the local interests involved in the 
abandoning the completion of the Pittsburgli, Fort Wayne & Chicago 
railroad, it is ta duty of every property holder in this county to use 
every exertion to expedite the work so far as his means will admit. 

"Resolved, That it is now in our power to insure the completion of 
the road at an early day if we come up with our purses and energies 

"Resolved, That the reception by the Board of Directors and the 
entertaining of any pi-oposal to abandon the direct route is injurious 
to the interests of the road and the acceptance of such proposals would 
be a breach of faith which we would condemn as unwortliy the character 
of gentlemen and managers of a corporationu of such extent and influence 
as the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago Railroad Company. 

"Resolved, That as a large amount of the mone}' necessary to build 

/'tV.'.'O I ;(■-■ 

'•r.uo.'.'a.': .■',''.', f.r 

' ■ ;;'i!--i; .. :;v:..:-jl<.V 'I., /(joil; 

;,■>'.•; ivt.-if ■.r.!,is...i r; ,,;, ,.•;-.,..,!•♦ • 
■i^:'. to Hjn^,: .'i; f;:-:,: 'i i^i i; -rv. 
■:'-fi;M '.o^i; 'ir'O :•:■ 'n '.;.'V i-u' 

Ml* ;) 0-- f ti.iC'l ..-ir l7iw( r^l ■:'.„: 1 ;:;.!'<. 


the road has already been expended, and but a comparativelj' small 
amount needed to complete the work, it sliould prompt us to take action 
lest the influences operating against us take from us the advantages 
we are about to receive. We will therefore use our influence and ad- 
vance our means to keep the work moving on the present route." 

T. A. E. Campbell, S. C. Haas, J. N. Skinner, Mj'ron Powell, Philip 
Hall and (Greorge Earl were appointed a coraniittee to canvass Porter and 
Lake counties and the southern part of Laporte for money to prepare 
the road bed for laying the track. Not long after the Valparaiso meet- 
ing the work was suspended "for want of Luuds, " but the contractors 
■■were given the privilege of continuing the work, provided thej' would 
take the bonds of the company at seventy-five cents on the dollar. The 
committee used the funds collected and subscribed to take the bonds and 
the work \vent on according to the original plans. The track was com- 

■ pleted to Valparaiso about the tirst of October, 1858, and was finished 
to Chicago a year or so later. Valparaiso now had a railroad. 

' In the meantime railroad lines were i>ro.i('eted from Joliet to Lai^orte 
and from Lo^ansport to Chicago, to pass through Valparaiso. The 
former was never built and the latter passes through the southern part 
of the county as the Logansport division of the Pennsylvania system. 

The Peninsular railroad reached Valparaiso in 1874. It soon passed 
into the hands of the Chicago & Port Huron Railroad Company and not 
long afterward became a part of the Grand Trunk system. The road 
was completed to Chicago in 1875. About the time this road was being 
built through Porter county the Baltimore & Ohio also came through the 
county. This road enters the county on the east near the northeast cor- 
ner of Washington township and runs northwest until it crosses the 
western boundary about two miles south of Lake Michigan. Some 
trouble occurred when this line reached the Michigan Central at Cris- 
nian in the fall of 1874. The Michigan Central disputed the right of the 
new road to cross its right of way and stationed a number of men there 
to prevent the Baltimore & Ohio from putting in a crossing. The latter 
company hurried a force of armed men to the scene and for a little wliil" 


iio'i '■ 

;;i.;, jl-'i^; .v:|-.VriH , i. ' ■>.::•■:- 1 J' II"'.:. 

-■.,-■■• j .■:! v;.;,u.|,: K-' ,;MK,...i u, );._.; 
... . T •■■..•v,;;,,',i\ •,!• rr-., ,,.. ' lo'- r^ 

.;;.-''-t. , 'U 'J 'M'T "■'! ' .' "..I'': ■ ' "i. '.■ iv' 

■Ml . .1f.!i .1.. 'Jii' I ; -^r.: > ■•■.•l- /•:■ iv 

li.:") -■■, .7 i!--;. .; I'T .Hst.l-; .-11:1^ !■ ;. 
y,..r:h :-." -.,r ^oCH ' .^■'!, ;. > N. - ' 

fiisiv! -liT IK'-;... fi..)-!' LrtTfiiO '^rft ! 

V.f', ■' 2';/.' i-SL'l <;S .: .aS-t •."■Ltj MJ'.'if.'- 
.'! '\U'!t , ';..•':. 'i'l-'O Jj .|-r6i' ' ' 


it looked as though civil war was inuninenl. In flic end common sense 
prevailed and the matter was amicablj' adjusted. 

In 1881 the New York, Chicago & St. Louis line was completed 
through the county to Chicago. This road is i)opularly kno\\ii as the 
"Nickel Plate," which name it is said to have received from the follow- 
ing incident : The road was built by Calvin Bricc, at that time the head 
of the Lake Erie system, and, as soon a.s it was completed, he offered it for 
sale to the Vanderbilt interests. When asked to name his price he sug- 
gested a figure that to Mr. Vanderbilt seemed exorbitant and lie replied : 
"Why, Brice, I wouldn't give that for your old road if it was nickel 
plated." However, Brice held the whip hand, the road was threaten- 
ing to become a dangerous competitor to the Vanderbilt lines, and in the 
end Mr. Vanderbilt purchased at the original figure. Mr. Brice then 
told the story, and since that time the road has been known as the Nickel 
Plate. It crosses the county from southeast to northwest through Val- 
paraiso and Wheeler. 

Not long after the building of the Nickel Plate came the Chicago & 
Erie, which enters the county about three miles north of the southeast 
corner and runs northwest into Lake county. The principal stations on 
this road in Porter county are Kouts, where it crosses the Panhandle, 
Boone Grove and Hurlburt. 

The Wabasli railway (formerly the Montpelier & Chicago) enters the 
county from the east near Clear Lake, runs northwest to Morris, thence 
west via Crocker and McCool, and crosses the western boundary a short 
distance south of the Baltimore & Ohio. 

About the beginning of the present century the Chicago, Cincinnati 
& X/ouisville (now the Chesapeake & Ohio) was built through the county 
parallel to and about four miles north of the Erie. Maiden and Beatrice 
are the leading Porter county stations on this road 

In addition to these main lines the Elgin, Joliet & Eastern enters the 
county on the west, about a mile north of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & 
Chicago, and runs northeast to Chesterton; a branch of the Pere Mar- 
quette system runs from Chesterton northeast into Laporte county; the 

I -I'.l'V, :,j,',7 .iirl riiuoj 

-•/'i>'i.,; . ): ,;;,<• r'^irh-j',-' ■,■■■ \ii ..,,: . 

'■■•■'■''• '■'• ■■'■■■ ! 'II Jii /v,,-!/! ,>:.■(,.•) '..I (!;.iv! ^cvT- f)E<v; vilT 

''>:'■.'- .1 ■;!(! fiUs,/i(1'i')/f: fi'.>ftl',- 
■:>^!''!.' - ./ U h '..,i,-T b(,, ■(,r,r ■_ 

■.i!= >a ^li. ;! vru! i;:J'i:,)i:f(;'.' xil ol toi! 
'•I.! ;;"-. n-f( . li rr.-ofrt in.ii-i ^tjJ fijioi ■:'; 

'- 01;' ■•fc!:.' -il; :■ . VI H>, [', '.-ylVl'/. -' 

'S'r ■ ■ :; .,Tf-"i ;<f('i' 

' ..■- ■ I'/j ■.:•' ?.-iA)Ot^l )t ■-■: 

•j!.; ,■■.:;'. f.r,i;'V!it'l 4 -fJ'i'Xft -- ■ 


Chicago & Eastern Illinois crosses the exti-eme southeast corner, and a 
branch of the New York Central lines has been extended to Dune Park. 
Then there are the Chicago, Lake Shore & South Bend and the Val- 
paraiso & Northern electric lines, the former ruiiniug almost parallel to 
the Michigan Central across the county, and the latter running from 
Valparaiso to Chesterton, ^vhere it connects mth a line running to ]\Iich- 
igan City. Other electric lines are under construction or tontemplated. 
These numerous steam and electric roads furnish excellent transporta- 
tion facilities to all sections of the county. 

The followng table, compiled from the county auditor's i-eport, 
shows the valuation of railroad property at the close of the year 1911 : 

Center towTiship $ 701,650 

City of Valparaiso 308,640 

Union township 850,220 

Washington township 888,960 

Jackson townsfiip 484,660 

Liberty townshij) 328,530 

Portage township 1,407,690 

Westchester township 946,350 

Chesterton . . .■ 191,270 

• To^vn of Porter 296,190 

■ . • Pleasant township 828,530 

Porter township 214,000 

Boone township 570,460 

Hebron 36,760 

Morgan township ; 176,720 

Pine to^vnship .-. . 669,730 

Total $8,900,360 

/ -/jo:,* ■'■■ ■ " ■' ■'" 
>'ji'.'-f •ij!L'<! "f ! • i;'.:-4/.'i I'Mtnf ax*;; 

J ■•ih'.U[iii:.<1 '(■:■■: 111 (((...'ii/uiuui;.! -ivibiio 'j"-.!.' - ,:i:i wt 

.J'!f"':'T ft'-iu'lf/i... 7j(' 

' t,.V:S; 











Joseph Baiyy, the first white settler iu Porter county, located upon 
the Calumet river in 1822. At that time no schools had been established 
within convenient reach of his cabin in the wilderness, and as soon as his 
daughters were old enough to attend school they were taken to a Catholic 
institution in the East, where they received an education far superior to 
that of most girls born as they were upon the frontier of civilization. 
Probably the first school in Porter county was taught at the dwelling of 
Jesse Morgan in the winter of 1833-34, but the name of the teacher can- 
not be ascertained. About that time there were a number of adven- 
turers wandering through the frontier region, and as some of these men 
possessed a fair education they were in the habit of stopping at some 
place upon the approach of winter and organizing a school. When 


V .i;f?*i.'. ';.,' 

- ..-i.! i. . ■•|j;,;v>'j i"'t"> !.-M' i-.f.!i'ii ! ;^ —.1 

-■•i.■■^■;;"I: ", OT [.-"-0 — 'Tr/v-. " •■.;''.(ji'T ^';'--<ji'i .(/ ..■>.i.;i-'-- 
■*.-! 'i'o.:r; '.>--"! ■■■I !-:7', :,,'..;,-jAi^ i:'^!;i ),:r'V4 s/hv - xTHa: 

■.T li.T^li; ,.l(v;n|-iv :'.>■■,'■ y,. 

jvi' ■•:.;.•:;,:' ;-;*Mi licii i-Joori'x! on f.iui :i«/ij jn 
•oUcri.' .'.' f * 3 ITS v'l OTm x->ti] fooj. 

.: i.J'-;--! . ,'?:> J- av;?.iC'i't -Jil] nm^i, hvow ''■•.:!! ^.. ;;■ 


spring came they would continue their journey, ami in time (heir names 
would be forgotten. IMore than likely it was one of tliese migratory 
pedagogues who taught the school at Mr. Morgan 's. 

In 1834 a subscription school was taught in what is now Morgan 
township by Miss Orilla Stoddard, but the exact location of the school 
house — a log structure 12 by 14 feet — is a matter of some dispute. It 
was located on the Morgan prairie, convenient to the lioim-s of Morris 
Witham, Henry Adams, William Billings and John Keller, who were 
patrons of the school. 

The first school in Center township was taught in the summer of 1835 
bj' Miss Mary Hammond. The school house was located in st'ction 7, 
not far from the road now leading to Flint lake and Chesteiton, and 
about a mile north of the fair grounds. The following winter a school 
was taught by the same teacher in Washington townshiji, in a log house 
erected for the purpose by A. V. Bartholomew. I-'our families only were 
represented and the tenn lasted for three months. 

In 1836, about a year after the organization of the county was com- 
pleted, Ruel Starr,''sehool commissioner, made the following report as to 
the condition of the school fund : 

From B. Baylor, collector of state revenue .$ 8.55 

Sale of Section 16, Town 35, Range 5 360.85 

From money loaned 205.00 

From State revenue 1.08 

From surplus i-evenue 27.77 

Surplus revenue from Seneca Ball, commissioner 224.40 

From sale of Section 16, Town 35, Range 6 91.78 

From sale of Section 16, Town 36, Range 5 24.20 

From Treasurer of State, poll tax for 1836 35.50 

Total receipts $979.13 

:| #1|C^ 



, ::■. , ■'Mill'-: 

^1 ■ ,^.|^ , 


'■■-■ -■'' ■■ ;•■ 

•i ''.,■./-. id- 

■ ,,; .:l.,i.l' . 

I- u .;.'i.. 

e.i. t'l"!! ■■■ ;yii; 

^:j.a;'!_; .... 

(A'.C-.'U .... 

80, ! 

I ,-.i-i:^J , •> ':':ifMi-:Mr'fToi 

8V,iP ? ' 


c:..^;: .. ... ...... . 




Paid Isaac Morgan interest $205.00 

Loaned interest money 360.85 

Notice of sale in Michigan City Gazette 2.50 

For books 11.50 

Money loaned 68.99 

Paid John McConnell interest 144.67 

Paid John ]\IcConnell surplns revenue 30.06 

Paid John McConnell State revenue 1.14 

Paid Gazette for notice of sale ".'. ..... :''. 2.25 

Paid Phineas Hall surplus revenue 28.67 

Paid Phineas Hall State revenue 1.06 

Michigan City Gazette, notice of sale 2.25 

Total disbursements $858.94 

According to this report, there was, at the time it was rendered, a 
balance of $120.09 in the hands of the commissioner. It will be noticed 
that in the disbursements there is no mention of money expended for 
the erection or repair of school houses, or for the payment of teachers' 
salaries, a plain indication that up to this time no public schools had been 
established. Scyne of the early public records relating to the public 
schools cannot be found, and from those that can be obtained it is prac- 
tically impossible to form any definite idea as to when and wliere the 
first school districts in the county were established, or wlio were the first 
.teachers. About the time Mr. Starr made the above report, the first 
school in Liberty towaiship Mas opened in a little log house in tlie Zane 
settlement, Mrs. Sophia Dye being the teacher. She had about fifteen 
pupils enrolled and received a salary of two dollars a week, raised by 
subscription. There is a tradition that a school was taught in Union 
township in 1836, in a log cabin near the place known as the "Iloosicr 
Nest," but some say the school was not taught there until tlie following 

• I". f 


i>:V;i'ti'M( ■■■' \\\r. '-. 

■v:'\ 'X'<.v.-M\^.-: • .. >!..;. 

'^ rjfi •Km ;.) !;i',,." . ■:(; 
..I ;'U,'.' .-il? iji ; " . 

Ja^ii "rff j!-,v.- 

si(Ui\ ■',! t ':! ■ " "^ ;;• ' - 

OWaJlft i0l,.U Illi.'I :!.','^ 


In Boone towiisliip a log sciiool liousc was built in 1837 and school 
was taught there that year. Aliout the same time the first school was 
taught in Valparaiso by a man iianicd MasUrs. It was in a small building 
which Dr. Seneca Ball had cn-cli'd in the rear of his residence, and 
which was subsequently used li\- him for a wood house. A Miss Eldred, 
who was a sister of Ruil Starr s wife, Harry E. Ball and Sylvester W. 
Smith also taught school in this Jillle building before it was al)audoned 
for school purposes. 

The year 1838 was one of considerable activity in the educational 
affairs of Porter county. Schools were maintained in all the neighbor- 
hoods where they had previously been established. A log schdbl house, 
about 16 by 18 feet, was built in Jackson township, a mile and a half 
east of Jackson Center, and Jane Jones taught the first term there, re- 
ceiving a salary of one doUar a week. Prior to this, however, a subscrip- 
tion school had been taught iu this towiiship in a private dwelling ou 
section 26, about a mile and a half southeast of Clear Lake. In Pleasant 
township a log school house was erected on section 13, township 33, 
range 6, about a mile and a half west of the present town of Koiits. The 
house was built by the cooperative laboi- of the citizens and at the first 
term in the fall of that year eleven scholars were enrolled. 

Two school houses were built iu Portage towTiship in 1840 ; one ou sec- 
tion 30, to^\^lship 36, range 6, and the other in the southwestern part 
of the township. About this time, or a little later. Rev. James C. Brown 
opened a private school for young ladies on Jefferson street between 
Michigan and Franlfliu streets. This school was successively taught 
by Mr. Bro\\'u, Rev. 11. M. Blackburn and S. L. Bartholomew, when it 
was discontin\ied for lack of adequate suppoi-t. During the decade from 
1840 to 1850 a number of new schools were established in various parts 
of the county, the public school fund became available, and the begin- 
ning of a public school system was inaugurated. The first school houses 
were nearly all log buildings along the sides of which one log was left 
out and the openings thus formed were covered -with oiled paper iu lieu 
of window glass to admit the light. Window glass in those days was a 

l:- -'»'. hill! ':i'.y.l :U }U:,n VAV- .'!H.,l , . ,,1'. 

"C// lou'l-3'J !«•(?- '/lii "..■it -.iii,.> ■!!!< Ii)i.,i' .■',;■ 

. ■■ ,:ri-i' f,<..",7/ ■ Ki't ■ .iii 

'.•'•ni:\:>iV:\h: ,■!;//■ ji -'oifni v.i'''.\-\[[s.\ /''■■' ,:i,(! ci 

'j'.fjwi'ir,:it;(>-i -fi; ur v 'l''r:t'.i; :>!'li-.'; iIh-!MO ■ ''^ rH' 

-1.;/.; . vifij'i ■■ . /^ 

,-.£'■. -■ ii;l^ . j::-. 

" ■' K ,bf!.;- •■/'^;i i; ,!7''t':ji .'.ot n'':'~C'ii '. , '' frfj 

- ■; . ,. .lU uri'^i ... ■ ",i. ■!'■;,.;;;.! . ■ ."A- ' : ■ '. i- 

i;'; ■-'.'-' :^ i: .-i; '• vo'; .;',:!!.t :jj -K^ri'l ,;!•>-■ ii :■ 

ii.,. ■ ;m 'j, .-i^Mv/..... ^;..' i; 

1r.;-. ■" ;,, ;,.,. ,,l.;.:w ':!.,;; 
.>:'; hi !■,■■•'> t-t,.,' 

■■:ri' ; inif iv J«-v Ii, , . 

j'^.J'i ■;/!t tC •iiIU HTJiN.'t-". Ort) '!':• I'ldi.! 'i7 . tl// .qri 

-.■^-"'« iri> .vK'j : Ol-'Cl ;ij '^ 
■■;."■ ji'toiK'.-'/v:if;ii;i' uifJ i;^ 
:'lil .0 ,:! '<:f'. .Vi./I .'i 'j.: 

'i!.yirtiJ -/;),.'i:-.>v..j'ji-r', -<i\,v .'iir.f!'.:^, f^filT 

,33 .! 

'' ■. o v 


luxury too great to be considered iu the construction of the disfiicl 
school houses. A huge fireplace at one end furnished heat to the sehool 
room, the seats were usually formed of split saplings in wliieli holes 
were bored with a large auger and pins inserted to form the legs, tlie 
desks were wide boards siipported on pins driven into the logs and ran 
along the sides of the room. Here the pupils went at "writing time" to 
follow the copy written l^y the teacher at the head of a sheet of fooLseu|j 
paper, and goose quill pens were frequently used. The three R's — ■ 
■'Eeadiu', Ritiu' and Rithmetic" — constituted the usual eouisc of 
study, and the pupil who reached the "Rule of Three" in the last named 
branch was considered a fine mathematician. Yet it is quite 'probaWe 
that these early educational facilities were more appreciated and lietter 
utilized by the boys and girls than are the splendid opportunities by the 
graded sehool system of the present day. 

In February, 1838, the Indiana legislature passed an act providing 
for the establishment and maintenance of county seminaries througliout 
the state, such institutions to receive their support through the appropri- 
ation of certain fines and penalties for the violation of law. The law 
made it the duty of the county commissioners to appoint trustees, wlio 
M^ere to have general powers in the founding and control of such semi- 
naries. Trustees were accordingly appointed in Porter county in the 
fall of 1838 *'to receive and care for the county seminary fund until a 
sufficient amount had been accumulated for the establishment of such an 
institution." More than ten years passed by before the trustees fell 
justified in the attempt to found a seminary in the county. By 1849 the 
^nd amounted to a little over $2,000, and the first steps were taken 
toward buildhig a seminary, but a change in the board of trustees and 
some otiier causes delayed the matter until 1851, when a lot was pur- 
chased in Outlot No. 1, on the corner of Jefferson and Monroe streets, 
and a building erected thereon, the cost of lot and building being about 
$2,300. The seminary was a frame building, two stories in heiglit, witli 
three rooms above and two roouis on the ground floor. School opened 
in this building in the fall of 1851, with Ashley M. Pierce as principal 

;■,!■. ■■:,i. ' !Ui :!;,;) .•ij-;Ik(io::, :.iU fli 
<!>'■. '.,' Vill '■'! i..i!-' ivirl.j:r!l;'t lul-; £•! 

>. i! .V it -xl; .,C«..I :>t (: .rr ,.:i.. ■•;..:; 1)111. 

,.:i n -.>l :ij! (,1;!; .jr/f"-!' ' 

• I ■ i: J.;iif :;■./; 'i- ;i( V,'' h1/ 
, -^ ,•,•>■ 1. 1..1' i ,v.-)ii: j; ''0 liyjii Oll-f Jti •! ' 

■ ■■'.'>'• )'ri>''*. ' I r ,:;'■', !i cl)ii;iIJ[).s-.':.. 

.<l'i.:'i.'; ;■ •■V'',i[, i:f Ji .;^)V .1-1. 

'I ;i ,; !; . : .;■>;■<■(. ■) U:'-iii-t(usi ''i',: 

-•.'t.i, lin- 
'..,:;';,( /I'll; i..;; an !i'ici>-'i'.q 'I'/ii h'l^^.'.vn ; 
l:i:^ I:m ,!:!! ;^e' ;L:;;iiji-<^ /JifCv!''! l') .• 

Y,,.l ■..!')' /-. 

.'.■■ f...f wr,v -..iVr-- h-ia -ij- viii^ .000 2* 

jil. -Is ). 


and Miss Eliza J. Forsyth as assistant. ']"lie upper story only was used, 
the rooms ou the first floor not ha\'ing Ikhmi finished in time for the open- 
ing of the school. The enrollment was aliout 120. By the enactment of 
a new school law in 1839 the county seminary law was repealed and the 
county commissioners were required to sell the county seminaries. Pni-- 
suant to the new law, the commissioners of Porter county advertised the 
building and grounds for sale on the fout'lh Monday of July, 1853. one- 
tenth of the purchase price to be paid down and the balance to be paid 
in nine equal annual installments, the [H'oceeds to go into the public 
school fund. Ou the day of sale the jD'operty was purchased by the school 
trustees of Valparaiso for .$1,200, and the name of the ihstitution was 
changed to the "Union School of V^alparaiso. " 

The first term under the new regime opened on October 31, 1853. A 
short time before the opening of the school the trvistees announced that 
the repairing and fitting up of the building had absorbed all the public 
funds, but that "as soon and as often as sufficient fiinds shall have 
accumulated, a three months' school will be supported entirely by those 
funds and made entirely free of charge to all." The school was divided 
into three grades. In the first grade the course of study consisted of oral 
instruction from the Bible, the Einglish alphabet, reading in the first 
reader, spelling w^ords of one and two syllables, oral arithmetic, oral 
geography, writing on slates and blackboards. In this grade Jliss Pifield 
was the teacher. The course of study in the second grade embraced read- 
ing from the Bible and the first and second readers, orthography, mental 
arithmetic, practical arithmetic as far as the rule of three, geography, 
English grammar (commenced), penmausliip, physiology for children, 
and Miss IMarietta Skinner was employed as teacher. In the third 
grade the course of study was more advanced and comprehensive, in- 
cluding the Bible and rhetorical reading, orthography, universal geog- 
raphy, history, arithmetic, grammar, natural, mental and moral philos- 
ophy, chemistry, rhetoric, astronomy, physiology, mathematics, Latin, 
Greek, composition, declamation, etc. Ashley L. Pierce was at the head of 
the third grade and was also princii)al of the entire school. The tuition 

¥i t. 

' ViloXaiH 

'\ .Oil '1.., .■: :.■', t;i'U.- 

1! ■'!■ '■ ■• ,.u: 

m' ■!'.■,■.• 

y .-,)■ 

>:i -'. ■,.>!, ill 

'.;.;,; ■.<! 


- .■,: ilj-ii^ !--i.iii:'i I". I •■-.;!'!:- •;■. 't > ;■: a:: ■ 

•_!li;>; r.)/.i-;ij .■J'»'!ff.i '■,;; 'hr. ■<:!_1 r'lr mn^ .. . . 
,c,-.f\ii,,i 'j.i;i v';ij.<'i :.,■;'■ I .-.■,-MKir.i ii; ,'Sj:ja''i: 
-jil,; ,JJ ill;.^ : I' ;. r/..!'[f!T9 r^FV 
" ,0718115;. -I'-vrrOl: l>f-. i ,;■-•; ',(1 •rT'^." ^ 

^'.oiit'i i :ini- 11 bill; ii..i!''ia ,bi'!ii'B(i ,■ 


in the first grade was $1.50 per quarter, in the second grade, $2. OH, ami in 
the third, $2.50, payable in advance. School was taught in this Ixiildin^' 
for three terms, but on March 19, 1857, the institution was totally 
destroyed by fire. 

Within a twelvemonth after the burning of the Union school biiildiiif,', 
the Methodist church started a movement for the establislniicnt of a 

Old College Building 

school, and in the spring of 1859 work was commenced on the Val- 
paraiso Male and Female College. The building was completed in time 
for the school to open on September 21, 1859, under the presidency of 
Rev. C. N. Sims, with 157 students in attendance. Associated with Mr. 
Sims were F. D. Carley, Mrs. Loomis, Mrs. Hall and Miss I^Ioore as in- 
structors. During the Civil war the institution experienced some hard 
times, but after the close of hostilities there was a revival of interest and 

■-•i'!-;g ;;(ic:v . ■■■!■. ill ,T-:»fjsfr^. : 

If, v; ■ 

0^ 811 ' oM iiilil bitR llsU .«iM , 


iu 18fi7 the cast wing was aildcil lo du buiUliiig. Then, after four years 
of fluctuating fortunes, the <'oHc;;v ahaiidoned in 1871. The old col- 
lege huilding now forms ])arl of Ihc .Niuipmcnt of Valparaiso University. 

Not long after the iMalo and I'\'iiiah' ('ollege was projected by the 
Methodists, the Presbytci-ians bon^hl a hit and organized the Valparaiso 
Collegiate Institute, the first tci-ni cf wliieli opened on April 16, 1861, 
with Rev. S. C. Logan as princii)al and 11. A. Newell as assistant. This 
institution continued in existence until shortly after the Civil war, 
the building and grounds were sold lo llie city. The Central School now 
occupies the site of the old Collegiate Institute. The present graded 
school system in the city of Valparaiso was organized in 1871. , 

Valparaiso University, one of the most widely kno\vn educational 
institutions in the United States, had its inception in 1873, when H. B. 
Brown purchased the building i'di'tiurly iii-cni)ied by the Methodist .Male 
and- Female College and opened the Xorlhiim Indiana Normal School. 
Mr. BroAVn, who is still at the head of the institution, is a native of ]\Iouut 
Vernon, Ohio, and was educated principally in his native state. The 
first term of the Northern Indiana Normal School opened on September 
16, 1873, with thirtj'-five students in attendance. Associated with Mr. 
Brown were M. E. Bogarte, Ida Hutchinson and Mantie E. Baldwin as 
instructors, and B. F. Perrine had charge of the boarding department. 
A rec§nt announcement of the university states that in the beginning 
it was the object of the founders "to establish a school where rich and 
poor would have an equal chance ; where work, not wealth, would be 
the standard; in fact, where all would have the advantages of the high- 
priced schools at an expense within the reach of those having the most 
modest means. In order to accomplish this it was necessary: 1. That 
the instruction should be of the highest order. 2. That, in order to 
save time, the school should be in session the entire year. 3. That every- 
thing that would in any way detract from actual school work should be 
eliminated. 4. That the work shoiiM be thoroughly practical. 5. That 
the equipment should be complete. 6 Tliat students should be permitted 

-in 1 fct(. ■):;';■ .; V>,| ^j f.;;l.,,l.,:,;,|,- ., ,., 
"■' : .•■!':' ; (iv;.,Tiii||rV V> S, ,.. ;,,■ . 

■■f) /(I ;.-.J:, -: ::q ,.,, ^, ■,^;. ■,|^.,, ,■■ 

,M'-ii i'T ii-tuA no ;,'■-•.,;.. ;' .ri!„ i , 

•ui'f fi.U!...--. -1 .' .-■ .'., A ,;i : r/: 

.""■■'■ (; '' ' Mil' i > I. 'i.rU'ir ill-".' 

-■■■•' I ■'^AK. /jr. 1 , 1 ...M-i- . .,,i, , i 

:fa,!'i f\:i' 

T(.Ji i:-;n ■■•;• */<• !.,v.i 


to enter at any time, select their sludiis and {idv.ui e as rapidly as they 
might be able. 7. That the expenses sfionld be th • vci-y lowest." 

When Mr. Brown opened this school in 18715, )t was his ambition to 
establish an institution that wonid i-auk ainoiii:- lli.' Ix'st of its kind in the 
country, Imt it is quite probable the iini\ei'sily of TJ12 is far greater 
in scope and imjiortanee than he ^nnieijialcij forty years before. The 
thirty-five students enrolled in 187;) have grown to nearly 6,000, and the 
four instructors to a faculty of nearly 200 memljers. It is said that 
when the attendance reached 200, Mr. Bro\m remarked to a friend in 
Valparaiso that he had hopes the number wotdd be increased to 1,000 
within a few years, but that he did not ex]iect it ever to go much beyond 
that. At the time the school was oi-ganized. the old college building stood 
upon a "connnons," some distance fi-om the main part of the city. The 
rapid increase in the number of students as the school increased in popu- 
larity made it a matter of considerable difficulty to find quarters for them. 
Rooms were taken in private residences, often at inconvenient distances 
from the school and even these accommodations were soon found to be 
inadequate. This led to the erection of the dormitories and boarding 
halls. The Valparaiso Messenger for April 13, 1882, noted that there 
were then nine new buildings going up on College Hill. During this 
period of development, Mr. Brown at times sutTered the severest financial 
embarrassijient. Attendance increased more rapidly than did the rev- 
enues of the school, making necessary the erection of new buildings and 
the purchase of new apparatus in order to juaintain the high standard 
adopted at the start. Under the provisions of a state law, the county 
of Porter came to his relief to the amount of $10,000, and the city of 
Valparaiso bought from him the college l)uil(lings for $12,000, giving 
him the privilege of redeeming them within l<'n years, without payment 
of interest. It is needless to say that the biiildings were redeemed. With 
the $22,000 received from the city and county in this manner the financial 
stress was relieved and the school jilacci! ujion a secure footing. 

Of the twenty-nine departments tlic luo.'^t important are probably 
the preparatory, teachei's', scientific, liln'iiil .'irts, engineeiing, modern 

i i'/.'.^' I > h 

V.&f(i en ■ bufm :'n 

:i'-:r;i V;.:,:,|i,;,I yvj.,'t,-|., !;(,, ,,|; j, 

'•if o; !i/iii,>l noo;i -v^.v^ ,:,(.. it, I,.- • 


.'.'ii<('.Itl ,5n.iv,i,!;'^i;;i .;,)■. i; I. , .,i;r .,,-,; 



JB/'JM^JSgprfc^--??:?? »« 

ill yi 

:.>iika»bg^^_^ ji..,Ji| 

Y "■/;■](.•' 


language, law, medicine, dentistry, pharinacy, commercial, kindogarteu, 
fine arts and manual training. There are also departments in literature, 
sliorthand and typewriting, elocution, oratory and physical culture, 
music, and a i-eview department for those familiar with snlijects and 
merely wish to "byghteu up." With the exception of the medical and 
dental departments, the entire university is at Valparaiso. The medical 
and dental departments are located in Chicago, because better clinical 
facilities can be obtained for such schools in a large citj'. Tlie law de- 
jiartment was added in 1879, the commercial department in 1882, the 
school of pliarmacy in 1893, the medical school in 1902, and the last de- 
partment to be established is that of dentistry. The addition of new de-' 
partments and the constant increase in the number of students made it 
advisable to change the institution to a university. This was done about 
1907, and the institution, regidarlj^ charted as a university, confers 
upon its graduates the usual degrees. 

In a few respects the Valparaiso University diffei's from otlier schools 
of its class in the countr.y. First is the entire absence of Greek-letter 
fraternities, hence the rivally between the fraternity man and the "bar- 
barian" that so frequently proves a source of annoyance in other schools 
is here eliminated. Second, Valparaiso does not engage in athletic con- 
tests with other universities. Among the students of the institution 
athletics are encouraged and there are frequent games of base or foot ball 
between teams belonging to different departments, but athletics have 
never been permitted to interfere with the class work of the students. 
Third, the low cost of living among the students of the university. In 
the dormitories and dining halls belonging to the school, one may find 
a comfortable room and board for from $1.75 to $2.75 per week, and 
tlie management advertises tuition, room and board for one year of 
forty-eight weeks at a cost not to exceed 141.60. This low cost of living- 
comes through the system of buying food products in large quantities 
directly from the producers or wholesalers, for cash, reducing tlie waste 
to a minimum, and employing student help as much as possil)U' in .such 
occupations as waiters, etc. Literary societies take the place of frater- 

Vol. I— C 

,i!'M '1,5. i"l<iii;[ ,1.1 
h.;3 .-.j-jp' 

- -■' I. ■ - , 

u»i;i;iv- ...ii ^ 
.;--;:.';: I.I! U) 

;^r. . ".v! ..-i-y 


nities, and there is an annual lecture and entertainment course which 
furnishes both amusement and instruction to the students, always, with 
a view to the maintenance of a high moral standard. Mr. Brown has 
been called an autocrat, but in the management of his school ho has never 
insisted up5u the students' observing any system of iron clad I'ules. 
He does what he can to assist them in maintaining- their sclf-icsspect, 
leaving them to be their own judges as to the minor dctnils of heha.vior 
or personal habits. Consequently a large majority of tlie student body 
discountenances rudeness or dissipation, and it is quite certain that in no 
school with a similar number of students is there a purer irKiral atmos- 
phere than at Valparaiso. 

George Keiman,.in McClure's Magazine for March, 1908, in writing 
of this university, says: "It is difficult for one who is not an educa- 
tional expert to form a trustworthy judgment with regard to the real 
value and solidity' of the instruction given in an institTition that carries 
on its rolls the names of five thousand students and that has more than 
three hundred recitations every day; but after watching the work in 
the laboratocies, listening to lectures and recitations in scores of class- 
rooms, visiting the Medical College and College of Dentistry in Chicago, 
and availing myself generally of all the means of obtaining information 
open to me, I reached the conclusion that the Valparaiso University meets 
and satisfies one of the most urgent needs of American life; and that 
'by fitting a large number of persons to discharge the duties of their 
several callings' it successfully attains the objects that its founders had 
in view when they opened a small school, with three departments and 
four instructors, thirty-four years ago. A student might carry his 
educational training much further in Yale, Harvard, Jolnis Hopkins, 
or the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, than he could in Valpa- 
raiso; but thousands of ambitious young men cannol alford lo go to the 
more expensiTe universities, and. Valparaiso gives tlicm what they want 
at a cost within their means. It does not turn out great scholars or sav- 
ants, and does not attempt to train men for profound and eporh-iiiaking 
investigations in any field of scientific research; but ii does give tlunisands 

'■Urn ,^<HVu« ,f:1.ti(.-)i« 
......i-'M I!'.,- n,i!,; I 

-^;.:L. 'I- ;:...!.,« it; 

;,q,.v7 .,; Mu.v> ,, 

;i(r' =•! "\ ■■'■ '■•,•1?..; ':'■■■. ':t^ n-tni irHJO''/; aj; 
j!i'i'." /•..'if* ' !/.• •^!'., 1 ..■/■;'< oar/; ) (If; '■■' • 


oi' young men and women an adequate preparation for the duties and act- 
ivities of every day life, and thus helps to raise the standard of citizen- 
ship and extend the area of prosperity, happiness, and general well- 

In the above »xtraet Mr. Kcnnau has described in a nutshell the 
character of the Valparaiso Univei'sity. The education imparted at tlie 
school is of the practical, every-day type, and the policy of the manage- 
ment seems to be "liberal expenditures for efSciencj' and comfort, but 
none whatever for luxury or show." Hence, in carrying out this policy, 
the instructors receive good salaries, the class-rooms and laboratories are 
fully equipped with all the necessary apparatus and materials for suc^ 
cessful investigation, the library of some 13,000 volumes is purely a 
"working" library, the furniture in the school rooms, dormitories and 
general office is jilain and substantial, but nowhere is there anything that 
could be considered a display of ostentation or wealth, merely for the 
sake of the display. 

Prior to 1880 the school was the sole property of Mr. Brown. In 
that year Prof. 0. P. KiuSey acquired an interest and is now the vice- 
president of the institution. Both these men are tirele&s workers in be- 
half of the university, .and they have built up an institution of which 
the people of Porter county and the State of Indiana may justly feel 
proud. Moretthan one-third of the county superintendents of the Indi- 
ana public schools are graduates of Valparaiso, and perhaps one-half of 
the teachers in the state attended the school at some time. Except in the 
departments of medicine and dentistry, students can enter at any time. 
In^the medical and dental colleges the student must enter at the opening 
of the college year or within ten days thereafter. To quote again from 
the magazine article by Mr. Kennan: "The Valparaiso University, as 
it stands, is virtually the property of H. B. Bro^vn and 0. P. Kinsey. 
They created it and" to them it belongs. They choose to regard them- 
selves, however, as trustees for the people, and they have alreadj' made 
arrangements to bequeath the property to the people when they die. It 
will be as nobh; a moniiment as two men could have, liecause it will 


.V'^'f ■'''■ -'I ' '^ 

-■■,,. ■,..> ;:I;.'-r.f'i(i. Lli.; 

I.'lli, .'.ijii'i' :••... i; i-i:; ■<■. ■•nail ••/();! fj'l ,ljt,i,/ 
■iA\ 1.-.'! vM'i !:; ,i;;' 

ffl .( ..oi.CL .11/ ':. . 

■■••-- -.1; <.':■.: ■■. ■:,,,! , 

r-fi'!.' i^J i^>iiyvl'! 

.'ii;:;i ■■!.,. ]>■ '".ta'j n;;'' ;-?;fi;.L.. , 

- ^ ■ 'T '■ :,{;■ •v'.i.-^il \i ,ir ' 

I'.iv.' [• -■/:'u ii.'l /■)i't iufC , Iqo^.r' 

)l . -i;- .-,11 ;-. 


represent a half century or more of i'ruilftil thought, patient labor, and 
unselfish devotion. ' ' 

AVlien Rev. M. O'Reilly took charge of the Roman Catholic parish 
of St. Paul's at Valparaiso in 1863, hv found his people without the 
educational facilities prescribed by the clmrcli, and at once set about 
the establishment of a parochial school. Some delaj' was experienced in 
getting possession of the old church build) ug', but as soon as possession 
was obtained Father 'Reilly opened a day school in it. His next effort 
was to erect a building especially adapted for school purposes. The 
Catholic population at that time was coiiiparatively small and many of 
tlie pari.shionei-s were poor finaneiallj', Ijut Father O'Reilly persevered 
in his work until a school building costing sl^S.OOO was finished, though 
the only contributions he received amounted to but $35. As soon as the 
building was ready for occupancy a school was opened with, three 
teachers, and from that time to the present school lias been taught there 
every year. With the increase in population, I'ather O'Reilly found it 
somewhat expensive to employ secular teachers and began making prepar- 
ations to secui-e the*^services of a religious order of teachers, especially 
equipped for the work. He erected a suitable dwelling for such teachers, 
the members of the congregation contril^uting liberally for the purpose, 
and in 1872 the Sisters of Providence were placed in charge of the school, 
opening their first term in September of that year. In 1912 the school 
was under the supervision of Rev. W. S. Hogan, pastor of St. Paul's 
parish, five teachers were employed, and the school enrolled about 115 
pupils. A parochial school has also been maintained by the Catholic 
church for many years at Chesterton. 

Along in the '50s a number of Germans settled at Valparaiso and in 
. the immediate viciuitj'. Most of these people were members of the Lu- 
theran church. In 1865 a building was erected at the northwest corner 
of Pink and Academy streets, to be used for religious wor.ship and as a 
school house. A school was opened in tliis house in the fall of that year 
by Rev. C. Meyer, who had recently been called as pastor of the little 
congregation. This school has beeji maiiitaiued since tliat time and is 

,:- :■■.:■. ,'. ■.!.•:■■ ■•!< 
t;Ev .;;( >f' . ■' i- 

''.'.< \ '12;;: 1 'ir '.•'•■:' : V' ■■: /''/."I;- ; ■■■■■' 

r!;V " !; .hvi!-'!'!' • ■;'" ■ ' ''.'■■:' ■' ' ■ 

,ciio;!o:;:i; .(:■;,-) -sol tjauiL-?'!:' ■■' ';^'-w 

?. Li .jj;;..''fi j.-'rili/Ti: ■'■mi'^K 'lift f>r:', 


well attended by the children belonging to the Lutheran faiinlicf o!" ^'al- 
paraiso. According to the report of the county superiuteiulcut oi' publii; 
schools for the year 1911-12, there were 261 childroi enrolled in the piiro- 
chial schools of the county. 

About that time the graded school system \vas introduce. 1 in the 
county, the teacher's institute also became a factor in the cdin'alionnl 
development of the State of Indiana. Under the law estalilisbing the 
county institute, the teachers who attended were given credit upoji flic 
license certificates. The attendance of the teachers at the oouiily insti- 
tute ledthem to become personally acquainted, ideas were interchanged, 
and from the instructors they learned the lessons necessary to ajjply a 
uniform method of teaching. By this means a great benefit was reflected 
upon the patrons of the common schools who might find it necessary to 
remove from one school district to another. Instead of the old hap- 
hazard, "go as you please" style, of teaching, the work was now done in 
accordance with a graded system, so the pupil who left one school to enter 
another could soon be correctly placed in classes where he could go for- 
ward with his work as though it had not been interrupted by removal. 
Commissioner Harris, of the United States Bureau of Education, has 
said that Indiana has the best and most effective system of common 
schools in the world. The' Porter county schools, as a part of this great 
system, have Kept pace with 'the educational progress of the state, and 
the county and township institutes have played no small part in elevat- 
ing the, standard of education in the public schools of the county. 

At the county institute of 1881 the Porter County Teachers' Associa- 
tion was organized with Prof. M. L. Phares as president; ]\Iiss Kate 
B. Cronacan, secretary; Miss Lizzie O'Reilly, assistant secretaiy. The 
next meeting of the association was held on August 24, 1882, \\liile the 
coimty institute was in session. Professor Phares and Miss Cronacan 
were re-elected, and S. E. Brayton -was chosen treasurer. A (■(umiiiltee 
of three — Professor J3anta, Superintendent I'orler and Miss Jlcwitt — 
was appointed to draft a constitution and by-laws. There tlie Jiistory 


-«i'»IH| '»li 

i »i. 



...•1 Oill . 

■.ill mvi! 

''.■U-.t..-^ . 

■ ■.;.■ :. 7 !;t-tfio;' ii^'i'i;; j; - 

!c.. . .•: ■■■I '■ - ■■■A, 'in 

■1 'oirt' Hvj-.i- (•( 



of tlie organization seems to liave coiiie lo ;iii iinlimely end, as the writer 
has been unable to find a copy o1' tlic coostitution, if one was ever 
adopted, or to learn what beeanie of the assoeiation. 

During the school j'ear for 1911-12 tiic ^';llJ>;l)aisl) city schools em- 
ployed thirty -six teachers, to wit: seven in llit hi^'h school; eleven in 
the Central Building; seven in tlic Columbia, Ruilding; seven in the 
Gardner Building, and four special teachers in manual 1 raining, domestic 
art, kindergarten and music. The city lioard of cdiicatiou was composed 


of P. W. Clifford, presideut; J. R. Pagin, secretary; J. PI Roessler, traes- 
urer; A. A. Ilughart, superintendent; Lu S. Hrooke, clerk. The county 
board was mode up of Fred H. Cole, county su[)erin1en(lent, chairman; 
P. W. Clifford, president of the Valparaiso city board ; and the tnistecs 
of the several townships, as follows: Ernest E. l^illey, Boone; John W. 
McNay, Center; Frank L. Beach, Jackson; ('harles 0. Turk, Li))erty; 
John W. Freer, Morgan; William II. Goodwin, Pine; W. N. Anderson, 
Pleasant; C. E. Fifield, Portage; Lewis W. Stevens, I'ortei'; W. 0. Mc- 
Ginley, Union; E. D. Cain, "Washington; A. IJ. Guslafson, Westchester. 


-1,.:, Kl.vwi'-'. -rii- "•■'-■"• ■'■■"'' -"'i - 

)!i.t ui ii\ ' 
■lir-'uitob , 

:::m,'I,' /l-iff-y.-.'Oil i.1. ' : •, :il.I vi'ifjc 
;i;i.. -irfiiifj .til i'" ':;!', 'li--; 'ttf.ii'' .": 

; ■;;•; .;lr..l ,;'iii '• ' ' •• ;i :.,.l'^ : .!i j-.l-nl 
.JU):-.-i;jf-..i A .VJ /( , iilt'l .'li/i > .1', 
■:u/l O ,V/^ ,'.'^i' 'I ..til-.' ..'X. 7/ ^.iv". 


John W. McNay was secretary of the board and li. F. Breyl'oglc , truant 

Outside the city of Valparaiso, commissioned hv^h schools are main- 
tained at Wheeler, Hebron and Chesterton; ;i cirtitied high school at 
Crisman; three years' high schools in Jackson township at ('enter and 
in Poiier township at Boone Grove; a. township high scliool in Wash- 
ington township, and a grammar school at Porter. Ccntei- township has 
six school districts; Union, seven; Liberty, seven; Jackson, seven; Por- 
tage, four; Boone, five; Westchester, seven; Porter, ciglit ; Pleasant, five; 
Washington, five; Morgan, seven; Pine, five. Tins is exelusive of the 
liigh schools above mentioned, and one teacher is employed in each dis- 
trict school.' Including the superintendents of the several high schools, 
there were employed during the scliool year ]f)ll 12 a total of 160 
teachers in the county and city of Valparaiso. The average daily wage 
of these teachers was $3.38. The total enrollment in the county was 
4,002, out of a school population of 5,882, or a little less than seventy 
per cent. The estimated value of the public school property in the 
county was $359,725, and the total amount paid for teachers' salaries 
for the year was $94,906. The sources of tuition revenue were as follows : 

Locdl taxation $64,584.20 

Comni(jn school interest , 23,368.00 

Congressional interest 1,800.38 

Liquor license 4,400.00 

Surplus dog fund 1,105.12 

Total, $95,257.70 

This fuiid distributed pro rata among the scliool population would 
make the cost of tuition a little less than $1.62 for a school term of 178 
days — that being the average length of term in Porter county for the 
year ending in ^lay, 1912 — or less than one cent ]wv day foi- each pupil, 
had the entire school population been in attendanee iiiion the imblic 
schools. Under such conditions a good common scliool education does not 


our. -fi^'fi Z* ' ' •:.'! .; ' ■ ; ,-■■;■■.[. 
•■:' • ''■ ;'V:.-.i.l ,''1 ^i r:: 

■.1." '1 t 


8Vr 1n i.i .-■■ ;. • i(-.,, ;, r.i; l-,;- (*, \i;i;J Mf,<. 
•nii -if.'^ ;r.iiiM . ^i ,J ..,'.: -:' ;;;■; ,i ■(,, 

•/i!'i;;<! 'Mil .1 mu, , , ,,i,i| .tin 


cost iimeli, aud there is no excuse for poojile If allow their children In 
grow up in ignorance in a commimity A\heiv IIh' puhlie schools of a high 
standard are maintained, as they are in the count.y of Porter. 

While the common schools, the academies and the universities are 
the chief educational agencies, there is another larlor that wields a force 
in the distribution of information among the iienjile. That factor is the 
press. Porter county, being situated within (;a.^\' distance of the city of 
Chicago and connected with it by several lines (if railroad, has easy ac- 
cess to the grea.t metropolitan dailies of that city. And since the intro- 
duction of the rural mail delivery system, practically every denizen of the 
county can have his daily paper. Besides these great metropolitan 
papers, the local press has played an important part in the dissemination 
of information among the people of the county. The fii'st newspaper in 
the county was a small folio, about 12 by 16 inches in size, called the 
Republican. It was started in 1842 by James Ca.slle, who bought a small 
hand press and a meager siipply of type from Solon Robinson, of Lake 
county, and removed the outfit to Valparaiso. It was "devoted to the 
dissemination of ^dependent political views and the diffusion of general 
knowledge." Compared with the »newspapers of today the Republican 
was an insignificant sheet, but it was successfully conducted by its 
founder for about two years, when it was sold to William M. Harrison, 
whotehanged the name to the 'Western Ranger. Mr. Harrison also 
changed the political policy of the paper and published as a straight 
Democratic advocate. On April 24, 1847, William C. Taleott acquired 
an interest in the Ranger and a new series was begun. By this time 
the paper had been increased in size to a five-coluinn folio, and under the 
new management the subscription price was fi.xed at $1.00 per year, if 
paid in advance, and if not paid within six months, $1.50. Although Mr. 
Taleott was a Free-soil Democrat and his partner was a Whig, with 
leanings toward the Abolitionists, their political views did not interfere 
with their personal relations, which were always ])lcasant. There is little 
doubt, however, tliat the difference of opinion had its effect upon the 
policy of the paper. In June, 1840, Mr. Taleott juirchascd his partner's 

Yr/,:iuJ ■' 

;-.-.i!- : M 'li ■ ; 


interest, and on July 25, 3849, announced the cliaii^e of jji inc ly ihc 
Practical Observer, the first number of which appcurcd tlic I'ollowiii;,' 
week. Within a short time the paper was cnlarj;('d fn a .scM'ti-column 
folio and tlie name Valparaiso Practical Observer was ail(i|itcd, suli- 
scription price, $1.00 per year, if paid in advance, or if<2.00 :<\ the closi' 
of ths-year. In j\Iarch, 1852, the word Valparaiso was dro])pi(l from 1li<' 
name. In January, 1853, the paper was made a tri-wcekly, piiblislicd on 
Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. In addition to these issues Die 
regailar weekly edition was piiblished on Thursdays, and sulisi-ribcrs re- 
ceived the wliole four papers for the price of one subseii]iti<n), whicli 
remained the same. The pai)er Ma.s reduced in size, however, 1o a tivc- 
colunin folio. 

On September 3, 1853, Mr. Talcott began the publication of a small 
daily — the first daily paper in the county — and the daily, tiiwcckly and 
weekly were furnished to subscribers for $5.00 per year. Near the close 
of the year the subscription price was changed to $5.00 for the daily, and 
$1.50 each for the semi-weekly and weekly, the tri-weekly being discon- 
tinued. The Observer began the year 1854 as a six-column, four page 
paper, and in the issue of January 5th the publisher claimed: 1. That 
it was the largest paper in the State of Indiana; 2. That it was the largest 
paper in the world published in so small a town ; 3. That it was the only 
semi-weeklj paper in the world published either in so small a to\\n), 
so sparse a country, or at so low a price. lie further claimed that the 
Observer published more faithfully and impartially than anj' other 
paper, all the local and general news, free from personal viJIificatiou, 
and in the interest of "true Democratic principles as laid down in the 
Declaration of Independence." During' the next two years ^Ir. Talcott 
had several assistants, but none of them remained for any Icntrth of time. 
Early in 1857, Mr. Talcott having been elected to office, he sold the pajier 
to Dr. R. A. Cameron, announcing the sale in his valedictoiy, A])iil 7, 
1857. At that time the Republican party was just making' ils aji|ic;ii-- 
ance, aud a.s Dr. Cameron was an exponent of the piinciji'is of lh;ii 
party, he determined to change the nanie gf the paper to ajriTi' uilli his 

:,lf' ■/,.i!c'i ...(! l.-'-l,. 

■ i'M i(i (:■! 'iri..-;'! ^.irv ■ 

1 1 ' 1 1 ; 1 ■ 

I' 1.;/. 

■;';.; ', )■.■■;■ OO.^^ i/'t J-;: ' 

,.,;[iil' ■vn\yi\uu,i .;,:; litS vi..;i;:m. .. '1., ^MJ^■.,; ,•': . 
■■■.:'■ .MnifT .;'-;v,tiitf , ' ■ 
. f. ;.. IT .^ , fr'A-l .. 

,,,t. ..,„;■, n'l ?:,Ii 

>"m;,>V, ■:■//,! ;,'-iT •;:' > lu:'.'''' • ' 
;■ I ■« 'ii; r.' ujii'iiniji imM: >u , 

_■;:,: : n .,■.:■, .•„•■,' ,■:;-,: :i:..)l\i\,- f -'A -.ii TnlJ i, 
'■ ui M ^I'f ';■■ !l. ■':!■• 

90 IIiyTOin- 0]'^ POliTEll COUNTY 

political faith. Accordingly, he issued, on April 14, 1857, the fii'st num- 
ber of the Valparaiso llcpuhlican. Tlic following September J. P. Mc- 
Carthy became associate editor and continued in that capacity until 
March 23, 1858, when he was succeeded by Thomas McConuell, who is 
I'emembered as a vigorous and loiiriul writer. On July 29, 1858, Dr. 
Cameron sold the j^aper to M)-. .AlcConnell and Ileni-y W. Talcott. 

William C. Talcott, wlio had been so long a.ssociated with or owner 
of ihe paper, Iwught ;in interest on October 14, 1858, and early in the 
succeediu;- year a new scries was commenced, consisting of a one-page 
daily, a four-page semi-weekly, and an eight page weekly. This arrange- 
ment continued mitil March, 185!), when Dr. Cameron again^purchased 
the paper and took as an associate J. C. Thompson. The latter remained 
with the paper until March, ISliO, the name in the meantime having been 
changed to the liepublic, September 8, 1858. With the first call for vol- 
unteers in 1861, Dr. Cameron otfered his services to his country, and the 
issue of April 25, 1861, bears the name of E. R. Beebe as editor and 
proprietor. It does not appear that Dr. Camei'on relinquished the owner- 
ship, for in August the liepublic bore the names of McConuell, Cameron 
and Beebe as editors. It is said that Mr. Beebe bought the paper, but 
was unable to meet the payment of his notes according to agreement. 
McConuell then purchased the paper, but met with no better financial 
success than did Mr. Beebe, and in April, 1862, Dr. Cameron's wife 
assumed control and installed Mr. Beebe as editor. This an-angement 
lasted until December 11, 1862, when ]\Ir. Beebe severed his connection 
with the paper, which was then advertised for sale by Mrs. Cameron. 
No purchaser appeared and Mrs. Cameron continued to get out the 
paper regularly, vn{h the assistance of her husband, who during all 
these vicissitudes had been "correspondiiig editor," sending home from 
the front long, interesting letters regarding his armj' experiences and the 
"progress of the war." On June 18, 1863, Aaron Gui'ue}' became joint 
editor and the paper continued on a somewhat erratic and uncertain 
career until in December of the same year, when publication was dis 

,i;. ^■'■a: 'ii; v!!,i. ii'.' .-ibh^.. '^'- ■■■■■■ ' 

;^. ,,' -■•! . „: .■'; :^:y\:■•J-l\\■< ,!■,-"'■ ■■li':'- ■"- :^..'■ 


Upon being mustei'ed out of the service, Dr. I'auieron returned to his 
home in Valparaiso and on January 4, 1886, revived the licjnchlic. Just 
twenty days later appeared the fii-st numl)ir ol' the Porter County 
Vidcttc,- G\nm&y & Pomeroy, proprietors. In May, ISGIi, Tliomas Mc- 
Connell again became associated with the L'epuhlic as joint editor and 
publisher, and in November the entire plant was sold to Gilbert A. 
Pierce, \»Jio almost immediately afterward sold it to the publishers of 
the Vidctie. The two papers were then consolidated under the name of 
the Vidctte and Rcpuhlic, with Aaron Guniey as general editor. The 
same month, November, 1860, Mr. Pierce started a new paper called the 
liepublican, with Orrin p]. Harper & Co., publislieis, J, Harper, associate 
editor. After several changes in the editorial staff, this paper was 
merged with the Vidctte and Rcpuhlic in July, LSGS, j\Ir. Pierce becom- 
ing joint editor with Mr. Gnrney. On June 4, 1874, the paper was pur- 
chased by William C. Talcott, who soon afterward dioppcd the first part 
of the name and continued the publication as the Vidcitc, under which 
name it is still running, John JM. Mavity being the editor and propi-ietor, 
though several changes 1'n ownership and editorial management have 
occurred since 1874. 

In June, 1856, a man named Berry began the publication of the 
Porter Democrat, which he conducted until February 17, 1857, when the 
outfit was said to Rock & Jones. The paper was a six-column folio, and 
■ the subscription price was $1.50 in advance, $2.00 at the end of six 
months, and $2.50 at the end of the year. Rock & Jones were succeeded 
by H. P. Lynch, who sold out to B. D. Harper in December, 1858, and 
.goon after that S. R. Bryant became associate editor. R. C. Nash suc- 
ceeded Harper, and later became the sole proprietor. The last number 
of the paper was issued on November 22, 1800. Shortly after that 
Rock & Bi-j'ant began the publication of the Porter Gazette, but it was 
a shortrlived affair, only a few numbers being issued. < 

The f-";spension of the Porter Democrat left the county without a Dem- 
ocratic paper until 1871, when Engelbert Ziin merman started the Val- 
paraiso Messenger. Mr. Zimmerman was an i'X])erieuccd newspaper 

aid of boiiWS' ' 'lOi 
iMsV :ii\-\stiV,\ ••'I; iiv/i 

ii) ;n'.(lv;|.;.,,f .,,;> ,v, t; ' 

10 vniiiU -fl* ■( 'l.rll<./,:n< ■.> i,'; 
;^<r,- .IchS- ,.,v,,rv:, ., , „r,;,ri t:<; 
, ,, ■■ •• .,u.; vr.n , ' 

■...■u;li i. M .,' 

a^.. '•■^/TM ■•■■.If ;,':■;,: I. 1 ..i.iii'. Miif i-ii 

-i;...i ff;,.v ■im;;:,!: ■!:; .; ?.■• r I- ..ia/T. si ■ 
:,;;.? fHTi; • ■; . !.■•; v-. f, f,,. 

'I'. ,m! .::[»ii;'v.:!mi; ai !..i:;''if". '.) 

;; ,*. 


man and soon placed tlie Messenger on a paying basis. In August, 
1881, H. B. lirowu, principal of the Northern Indiana Normal School, 
purchased a half interest, bnt the demands of the school were too press- 
iiig to permit of his hcconiing an active journalist and he withdrew-. In 
1891 a daily edition was started. The Messenger is still luuuiug as ;ui 
afternoon daily and weekly, Arthur F. Zimmerman being editor and 

The first number of the Hebron Free Press was issued in Sr|)1enilier, 
1878, by H. R. Gregory. It w'as an independent paper in il.s political 
views. Mr. Gregory continued at the head of the paper for al)out a 
year, or until in October, 1879, wdien he sold out to W. IT. ilanl^field, 
who changed the name to the Local News. The following year th<! office 
Avas removed to Lowell, Lake county. Hebron was then without a ncw.s- 
paper until in 1894, when the News began its career as a weekly Re- 
publican paper, published every Friday. After several changes in owner- 
ship and management it became the property of A. R. McAljtin, who is 
still. running it with fair success. 

In 1875 the students of the Normal School (now the Valparaiso Uni- 
versity) commenced the publication of the Normal Mirror, which con- 
tinued for about three years, when it was superseded by the Northern 
Indiana School Journal, with "W. J. Bell as editor. A few other at- 
tempts have been made to establish publications in connection with the 
university, but none of them has been successful. The College Current- 
was published for a while in the '90s by Garret W. Doty, and fi'om 1905 
to 1910 there was a journal published under the auspices of the students 
and known as the College Herald. 

In 1881 the Valparaiso Herald made its bow to the jniblic. It was 
edited by P. 'Sullivan, wa.s full of news and met with favor apparently, 
but after two or three years it passed out of existence. The next journal- 
istic undertaking was the Valparaiso Star, which was started as a small 
daily by James A. McConahy in September, 1889. After running it as 
a daily for about two years, Mr. McConahy changed the papci- lo a weekly 
and in this form conducted it successfully until 1898, when he sold it to 

.J^;;;.ii \ ,'r! -^ >-- I -JKl 
. ' ...r<.'-; I (}!'• ■/ Kill.;*,,' 
■ I -■' .M.:v. I., 

:'f../ti'i'Kr<tiii : 

; 1 lit; 


.1^:. T.i, '','■/ 

,^v;i;v ■i>-riv\!'. •o;m-m:Y. 

, .■ ; .'" , ■// 'i'-.-iii.* v.ii >.il-V '.lift "ij; :>iidv/ (i 'io't f' •■' 

■riC/ --.'■; I., 

'i/. ■'■i; i-iH 


the Videttc, the first number of the Star-Vldettc being issued on Sep- 
tember 22, 1898. At that time Mr. Doty, who had been the pnl)lisher of 
the College Current, was connected with tlie pnper. Wluii 11 1-. Mavity 
came into possession of the paper on Septemlier 18, 1!iO;i, the word 
"Star" was dropped from the name. Soon after 1lic eonsolidation of 
the Star and the Videttc, Mr. Doty secured the outfit loniurly used bj^ 
Mr. McConahy and began the publication of the Journal, wliieh was soon 
afterward .sold to Charles Martin. The venture did nol piovc success- 
ful from a financial standpoint, and the project was soon abandoned. 

The Chesterton Tribune began its existence on Octoljer 128, 1882, when 
the first number appeared with W. W. Mikels as edilor. It then passed 
into the hands of a company of which John T. Taylor was pi'esident. 
In June, 1884, A. J. Bowser and S. D. Watson acquired possession and 
o^vnership, but on September 24, 1884, Mr. Watson withdrew, leaving 
Mr. Bowser sole proprietor. It is recognized as one of the best local 
papers in northern Indiana, full of news of a bright and sparkling char- 
acter and given a circulation that is much larger than is usually accorded 
to papers published in towns the size of Chesterton. In June, 1912, there 
were but four newspapers published in the county, vix the Vidctie and 
Messenger, of Valparaiso; the Chesterton Tribune, and the Hebron 
News, accounts of which are given above. 

After th% schools and the press, the public library probably stands 
next in importance as an educator. On February 17, 1838, the governor 
approved an act of the Indiana legislature providing that, whenever a 
certain amount of money liad been subscribed or pledged, the people of 
any county or city might organize a library association. Tn tlie summer 
of that year, the requisite sum of money having tjeen suliseribed, a 
meeting was called "for the purpose of organizing the "Porter County 
Library Association." The exact date of this meeting, or who consti- 
tuted the first board of trustees, cannot be ascertained, but an old undated . 
record of the board shows that the librarian was to be allowed ten dollars 
per annum for his services, and that the following by-laws wei'e adopted: 


-i.yH .((. I. U^ ;i )fi ,. 

■/,;iv,.M M.; 

:i>,.-i( tr:.( 

-ill; rjUjUT/ 'l:i'l 

^ :•: ;f:.:';j^ .',V Y' 

^I"?^ •■' .fi/(.f ,:■ 

-JJ i...^i , ^■.•''■v'Ti ;:i,,.':;r. 


■^.iiXl'I/, ';■>'■ ;;< 
v.; LfJTO', ■:,, ^i.f I/, an;,-; ,ti:l-.i;¥i'T;i "'I, 

94 iirsToin' ov porter county 

"1. That none but subscribers sliall be allowed to read the books, or 
to draw any of them from the said library. 

"2. That any volume of 300 pages or under may be drawn for one 
mouth by any subscriber. 

"3. That any volume over Itircc liuudred pages and under 500, may 
be drawn for two monlhs l>y iui\ subscriber. 

"4. That any volume over 500 pages may be drawn for three months. 
,"5. That the Librarian shall niaik each book, showing the length of 
time said book may be drawn. 

"6. That any person kcciiing a book over the time marked as the pe- 
riod for which it may be drawn, shall forfeit the sum of five cents for ev- 
ery week it may be kept over said lime, and that any fractional part of a 
week shal be considei-ed as a week, and the fine collected accordingly. 

"7. That no person shall draw more than one volume at a time, 
and after a subscriber shall have drawai a book, he .shall not be allowed 
to draw any more until he shall have duly returned said book, and 
paid all fines and forfeitures due said library from him. 

"8. That, the Librarian shall examine all books upon their return, 
and if any shall have been damaged or disfigured more than reasonable 
wear, he shall assess a fine upon said subscriber drawing the same, and 
said subscriber shall never after be allowed to draw any book until he 
shall have duly paid such fine. 

"9. That said Librarian shall purchase a blank book at the expense 
of said library, in which he shall keep a full list of all subscribers, the 
time subscribing, the date each shall draw a book and return the same, 
and the amount of fines assessed to, and paid by, each subscriber, and 
of all other matters of interest to said library a complete and full repoi't 
he shall make of which at each term of the County Commissioners' 
Court. ' ' 

As the subscriptions were paid and new subscribers came into the 
association, new books were added from time to time, until in 1850 the 
library- contained some 500 volumes. This was not a public library in 
the sense that any one could draw books from it, only members of the 


■ ' <[; ' 

..,,■■1 -«• T-:y,: -I.- . 1, ■■'!":■ 
■:': VM.', !...'!» l)Hi: .-iM 1 '■'■'■ 

-.1 r ,r;/,: 

,.;. >vj b' 

Ti' ,;i,5;. ■:-.;■:: ;;:>;I:tw1.», ^jiji-. f..,,- '.i'vj n-r/; 


association enjoying thai privilege. But even with tliis restriction the 
library was the means of disseminating a great denl of useful knowledge 
among the people of the county. In the early '50s Ihe township library 
law went into effocty and the books belonging to the associalicm were dis- 
tributed among the several townships. The old lownsliiji ]il)i:iry system 
was a failure. Librarians were generally very lax in enl'oi'eiug the 
rules against their neighbors, and though books wei'e added by the state 
for several years they were drawn in such a loose nianner that most of 
them became lost and the libraries finally died a natural death from 

Early in the present century Hubbard and Pinelte j\I. Hunt gave,to 
the city of Valparaiso the old Hunt homestead on North Washington 
street, "to be the property of the city as long as it should be used for 
public library purposes." By the terms of the bequest tlie property 
was placed under the control of the school board, but that body did 
nothing toward the establishment of a library. In 1904 the school board, 
the city council and the judge of the circuit court, acting under a state 
law, took the necessary steps to have a library board appointed. That 
board consisted of 0. P. Kinsey, president; "William E. Pinney, vice- 
president; and Mrs. Clara De Motte, Mrs. W. H. Gardner, Prof. A. A. 
Hoighart, Mrs. Alia Bryant and Mrs. N. L. Agnew as members. The 
library was i)pened to the public in 1905 with about 5G0 volumes upon the 
shelves. In 1909 the institution was made a township library under the 
state law of 1903, and John W. McNay and Thomas Brown were added 
to the board as the members for Center townsliip. Miss Mabel Benney 
and Prof. L. F. Bennett have taken the places of l\Irs. Gardner and 
Mrs. Agnew on the board, which otherwise remains as originally organ- 
ized in 1904. In 1912 the library contained about 5,500 volumes. Miss 
Bertha Joel has been the librarian from the beginning. The Valparaiso 
public library is the only free circulating library in the county, but prac- 
tically every school district has a selected library of books on history, 
geography, travel and reference works, those in Center township num- 
bering about 100 volumes each. Through the public schools, high schools, 

rrMO'd 'f 

., . -■: , .-11 I'. '.Wm.;: ■; rc: ■■< 
'(•■'; I. '..-■(( ■(! ■ ''i; . i! !: - : 

,:-:i;0..i K.'/i: .- .•■! !.M.:f ,:{ . y:.. K'if 'i ?.! jrc 

^ A ' 

I 1 . '.V 

-.;T ,■• .:i, , ,ii :-,K , ■'?^,,*. .J 

Sf^l — I'l-r; -Mi?!.';! (./;•; ;;rt .: •■■ 

v-j-fi'v' 1- ■' ^^ -!■' .■■;!.:-■ 
Fin;; : .iiT i,: !• > •If. M r.vv.!'i 'lii) fx- 

■lU 'j"'; /,i: .1', '" <-, ■■: ;H'Mv^ ■;■, 
■;ftiM :'/:n i; ,' . '■\r. 'imu'r ;.•>'• 

.'/•lotfiirf ■■' ' .'■>'■ f-i ■/■■:;i:''i )'.. v-.'-l';'}" R H,:. 


Valparaiso Uuiversily, the press, and the public and scliool liln-arics, the 
youth of Porter county enjoy educational facilities as good as flioso of 
any county in the state, and the percentage of illiteracy is considerably 
lower than in many counties having equal opportunities. 

"i).;t,„;.|,, ',!-!■. V. •.'«•, I V ..rr,,,: 











The histoj'ic wars in which this country lias lieeii t'lignged were the 
War of the Revolution, the War of 1812, the War with ilexieo, the Civil 
war between the North and South — 1861-65, niul the Wiir with Spain in 
1898. In the first, the English colonics in America rebelled against the 
tyrannj' and oppression of the Mother Country, and afler a struggle 
wliich lasted for eight years established their indeiiendoue and founded 
the government of the United States — the go\cinincnl on earth to 
derive its powers direct from the people. The War of 1812, lietween the 
United States and Great Britain, was brought on by the iiji])ressment of 
American seamen and other arrogant acts on tln' jtait of lb'' British auth- 
orities. It was concluded by the treaty of Cilicnl in Dteciiiber, 1814, 

Viil. 1-7 


■.. .1 •■ ■ I- : . 

"I.l ■ 

.^M O'l;'/ - • • ,j , . -(JIT 

0.1 (j,r-.;; : . :n_./iy, ,.._-': ■.fit- • 

■': ■-■■ ' •■ ;.; !■■ .■.'iV -,>''i' 

.' ;■: ■'.'■ ■.'.'-. • I 'i' v., t\o M. - 

;,;;.'!: di-'i'."<'' :• ''! 'i'..!, -M .:w ;iliiv 'lit,,!' ' r; i ■,',!' i:n,' ii:ti 


which recognized iDractieally every claim of the Ameiieau government. 
The War ■^^ith Mexico resulted from the annexation of Texas by the 
United States in 1845, and in this conflict tlie United .States were again 
victorious. For nearly half a century before the beginning of the Civil 
war, the slavery question had been a "bone of contciilion" between the 
North and Soutli. Compromise after compromise was tried, but when 
Abraham Lhacoln was elected president of the United States in 1860 the 
slaveholders of ^he South immediately began taking steps to withdraw 
from the Union and establish a government of their own, in which the 
institution of slavery should be recognized without (juestiou or dispute. 
The national administration, supported by the people of the North and 
West, denied the right of the states to secede and the Civil war followed. 
It lasted for four j'ears and was one of the mbst sanguinary and destruc- 
tive wars in the history of the world. For many years Cuba was a depen- 
dency of Spain, and for the greater part of that time the people of the 
island were treated like slaves by the Spanish government and its agents. 
They, finally revolted, and about 1895 the citizens of this country began to 
demand that Cofigress recognize the beligereut rigbts of the Cubans. 
After three years of agitation and diplomatic efforts at reconciliation, 
war against Spain was declared in the spring of 1898. The War lasted 
but a few weeks, but in that short time the superiority of the American 
arms Avas fully demonstrated on both laud and sea. 

At the time of the Revolution no white man had established a resi- 
dence in what is now Porter county. In lact, it was nearlj' forty years 
after the close of that great contest before Joseph Bailly built his lonely 
cabin upon the bank of the Calumet river, and fifty-three years before 
the organization of the county. Hence, the county had no part in 
the War for Independence, though two men who served in the Conti- 
nental army came to pass their declining years in Porter county, and 
the widow of a Revolutionary soldier also lived here for several years 
prior to her death. Henry Battan settled in Westchester towTaship about 
the time or soon after the county was^rganized. In ]\lay, 1910, Hark L. 
Dickover, of the Valparaiso State Bank, wrote to the United States 

.;,•.,, ■VIM'/' >-:'ij,j,;f, 1 -jiiiiu ("'J I'ji) iu • ■:-•■-' 

.t / ,1/ U.". (I' 

-;(,■■■/ J.dii'.! ei;.-.'/ ^'! i;!.!. -J -i''! ,i,l'!>.„ ••«!: 

r- :';;':! -ij;;/ -M^r 


.^■.if;.i.'; '!■■:>;■■' /t-ii!->i/ M ,i'r;i. mT .yfiuio'i ■i:-!-;<'i 7.1'- ^r ; 

.i.'.'jj .-<'! ; ':;■:( /ir-l rfr^^oT. vK't^'d '.'i-^n^f.^ i&yr^ iiuii ;■ • 

•>['■':■,'! ^:'Ay,i ::.;--iit- /j'l "' iiiT .'fj.'i'i i'Mirrdiv".^ u/li '■■■ 1,1 -w' fii 

iii I'l./] (.1:! ',!:!> ;,|fHi.i.-) J.ij .-rjii'di" ./,■;- 
fiiij ;• 'lil.! Si [• 1 ■■:■ ■ vr:,^ it-i'i <"'';) ligl/Otft 
i ' •>i,i(.i-> •;■(;%' '■• 'tV}' 'ii'.ti'i-ir.i 'nOTtl ;';-c.ij :v! 'lany 
-u:';' i:!')---;' l"' 1 fVli llyVil '^ 'i: ■Vi.'Ah:', T'f.uO! Ml'ov:)! jj "1 
l;h'i: ■ :;i'l :ir-,'.i : /; -;if-i;^:/V/ I'i b-4iS? C.'iliJL ■"M'.'H .JfH'j; 

.i y.u'M. ,i;t»'i ,^,i..' <[ .f. . 

. •<-,.[ o; 


Bureau of Pensions to learn somctliiug of Mr. Battan's military I'ecord. 
Throiigh this medium it is learned that he M-as horn in C'hester county, 
Pennsylvania in 1750; that he enlisted in August or Scptcmlier, 1776, in 
Fayette county, Pennsylvania, as a member of Captain William llarrod's 
companj^, Colonel Thomas Gaddis' regiment of the rennsylvauia line, and 
served Avith that command until the following February. In April, 
1777, he enlisted in Captain Cross' comi)auy and served Cor J'our months, 
when he became' a member of Captain Theophilus Phi]li]5s' company, 
under Colonel IMinor and served eight months. He was llieu for two 
months in the company commanded by Lieutenant McKinnley, after 
whicli he returned to Captain Phillips' company and served until in Sep- 
tember, 1778, when he left the army. On March 11, 1833, he applied for 
a pension, being at that time a resident of Fountain county, Indiana. 
On July 3, 1840, he united with the Presbyterian church of Valparaiso 
by letter from a congregation in Virginia, and the records of the church 
show that his death occurred on February 1, 1845. His place of inter- 
ment cannot be ascertained. A daughter accompanied him to Porter 

Joseph Jones, the other Revolutionary veteran, came to Porter county 
from Holmes county, Ohio, in the spring of 184], and located at Boone 
Grove. Little has been learned of his military sei'vice, but it is believed 
that he was f)ne of those who came into the Northwest Territory with a 
Revolutiojiary land grant, and finally found his way with the tide of 
emigration into Porter county. He died at an advanced age a few years 
after settling at Boone Grove and his remains rest in an unmarked grave 
Ml the old Cornell cemetery. 

Susannah P''ifield, the Revolutionary widoAv, came to Indiana from 
Enfield, New Hampshire, and located in Porter county at a comparatively 
early date. The records of the Valparaiso Presbytei'ian church show 
that she Avas received into that congregation by letter on August 22, 
1852. She dreAV a pension, out of Avhich she gave annuallj^ ten dollars 
for foreign missions. She died in 1856. 

The War of 1812 closed more than tAventy years bcl'oie the organiza- 


YT/. I- 

>. l;o-;-..r; , i: /' i.e.:' i:. 

'.-, • f'V- ... • ■■-,.., ••II 

;'>rj.". . .i • -I ' ' '''! :'U-.'-n!irj< • ,_■■ 

-i^'' ir.-''\r.. . ; ,:,.,, ^:r :!'-. U n,0 . ,. .1.. '-^^ 

■ '■. I-! : ' ■' ''i: :i' . :. "l.! ufvbisvi : ;:' , 

■■■,a:';';:j'i-V ":■> ' -ur ■ ■ nj.i !:,t7Jti:/vi ;,.r! ijli-;,' ,,' 

;a'-!.'J (if MiiM '■■',, :i-'(,<iO:>:.iii ' 

'i-ir-iil 'i -1 !: '■■ ' .'■■'. I )v^ .'-c. 

I, i;r ,■/ / 1,^'. ■'■■ 1" ) /,it-;.-»V; ■; \: nji 

TO '.'ill) v'i' (^r;,'i , I- .« ;-iii, Tjj ^'o'; -r; ; 

• i.-.; ' •■ ^ •■■ >: Sr ;:.r,F.i; ni; is f.v-;. ■/}{ /;)'(.,y,,. 


lion of Porter county, Imt several veterans of tlial var afterward beeainc 
citizens of the county. Among these were Isaac (Cornell, Iiolieit Folsom, 
John and Eliphalet D. Curtis and Myron Powdl. Of the first Iw,. little 
is kno^\Ti, further tlian they are buried in the ( ■oi-jiell <^ra\(\ .nd, both 
having died within a few years after settling in Hi. coiinly. Joliii ('nrlis 
enlisted in New York, came to Porter counly jn 1836, .settled near 
Wheeler, and died there in 1865. E. D. Curtis nl.- > joiiiod tlu' army while 
living in New York. He came to the county \n 1<S;-!S, and s.'llled near 
Porter Ci'oss-rdlids, where lie died in the spring tif l.S6ri. ]\lyioM Powell 
enlisted in Vermoiii, came to the Western Eeserve in Ohio .slioi-tl.v after 
the war and from there to Porter county where lie lived nulil his death, 
Avhich occurred in 1865. Euel Starr and James il. iiuell served in the 
Black Hawk war and later settled in Porter county. 

Ahont ten years after the oi'ganization of Porter ooiui1\ c;une the 
Mexican war. The population of the county >.'.as still rather sparse, 
and it does not appear that any attempt was mad.' to organize a company 
of volunteers within the county. Joseph P. Smi:h, at that lime clerk of 
Lake county,*^resigncd his office and in 1846 rcniited a conqiany, an 
old muster roll of which shows that when it was mustered into service in 
the spring of 1817, the following Porter county men were among the mem 
bers: Jacob Alyea, Daniel Brown Oliver Conklin, Hudson S. Farwell, 
M. Hopkins, Clinton Jackson, David Musselman, Simeon P. Patterson, 
Newell Pulsifer, Cj'rus H. Risden, John Sparks, Lewis P. Streeter an'd 
Gilbert Wariner. Daniel Bro«ii and Newell J^uLsifer were sergeants. 
Oliver Conklin, Cyrus H. Risden and John Sparks died while in service. 
The company was not assigned to either of tin three volunteer icgi- 
ments raised iu Indiana, but became Company II, Sixt(enlli United 
States infantry, which regiment was commanded liy Col. Jdlm \V. Til)- 
betts. While iu the service the principal duty of the comiiany was to 
guard wagon trains. Although not in any great hidtles, the eoinj)any Inst 
heavily through sickness, due to the climate, as only thirty-six men re- 
turned out of the 119 who went out. There were ;d,>o a few Portt r cnnnly 

,' t- I (/'I-lrt.-l lit. ''lli : 
;: ...1 ' , Co'A .!l-1i"-^..» 'M^l! 

,|i-l .. :.-'?! •-Ill ■t<"i ,.! 

,■.1.,.!.', .11 Vtjl. 

til bfu, 

■J ,,,,.; , ; ; ,,'t, . 
■ r :,•; .'I -•:•■ ' 'vWji'iH DiioT- 'ol .. 

.-, ,-..,.7 1 :.':'l [i'lf'-j'/i blie (r/'0'(Jf. i 

.,,-''■. / -' ''r, •(•^(liio 

: ,■ ■:■• ,' ; -.'K-iiiuVj ■,.i.i:v.«; 

• InV i"' } ,' ,i (l^,^::l!n.)■■ Ml',' ill' 

n ,,.■•1 ,,C, ■. ,_vm1. Iiiii.'j.ii"'; 'jfit o.'>(Vi'« adt ir 

:,., ^, ■:,!;, ,-■■,! ;,.,.: !i>>-ia ■,,..<■. a'l ;,;■; ;:■ 


men in other commands, but in the absence of the mxister rolls it is im- ^ 
possible to tell who they were or in what companies they served. 

The political campaign of 1860 was one of the most bi11ci-ly cum 
tested in the histoi-y of the conntry up to that time. Tlie Democial ic 
party, which for several successive administrations had roiilnilh d llu' 
affairs of the nation, was rent in twain by the nomination of Suplicu 
A. Douglas and John C. Breckeuridge by two contending factions, and as 
a result Mr. Lincoln, the Republican candidate, was elected to Ihr pirsi- 
deiicy. "No extension of s^ave territory," had been the slogan of llie 
Republicans during the campaign, though the leaders of that pai-ly had 
declared they had neither desire nor intention to interfere wilii .•^laxcry , 
where it already existed. It seems the slaveholdei's doubted the sinci'r- 
ity of this declaration, for no sooner was the result of the ehclioii kiuiw n 
than they began preparations for seceding from the Union. This acticui 
had been threatened for years, in case the '.'Abolitionists" succeeded 
in gaining control of the national government, but the people of the 
North did not believe they would carry out the threat. There was there- 
fore a rude awakening when, on the 20th of December, 1860, the tele- 
graph flashed the message over the country that the State of South 
Carolina had just passed an ordinance of secession. Missis-ssisppi fol- 
lowed on January 9, 1861; Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana and 
Texas passefl ordinances , of secession during the next thirty days; a 
provisional Confederate government wa.s established by the convention 
at Montgomery', Alabama, on February 4, 1861; the foi-ts and ai-senals 
in the South were seized by the secessionists ; a large number of officei's 
-it3 the regular army resigned their commissions to join the movement for 
the establishment of the Southern Confederacy; so that when rresident 
Lincoln was inaugurated on March 4, 1861, he found the Union mciiac cd 
Avith disruption. 

War develops or brings out the latent patriotism in the indi\)diial 
as no other influence can. Many good men, in times of peace, may tallc 
of war as unnecessary, barbarous and inhuman, and advocate iiilei- 
national arbitration as a remedy for disputes; but let some ho.xlilr 

Y'r.- .f . ■ . :=-; 

I /ri:? ';j,lt ajiuBfi!!! > 
/!' Ii'l I;-:i/'i. ■irjf "In .■,[!., . 

■■<'■' '■■■■ tvj') ,'8V/ ,f.hji>?.^ I !■'.■> 

:!/ .lO-;; ;;.,.j(r;jvj<'*: i,; riJOi; ■,:{:) tu 
'.■.-''ui.'J ,i;i.:/'(.'''ir? ,.,;t;i ..iii'A .. 


power assail their coiiiili\ nr its instil utions ;uul tlicsu lut'ii will be among 
the first to leave tlu'ii' pead'tul |iursui1s aiul take up arms in defense 
of their government ai)tl its laws. So it \vas ia 1861. At twenty min- 
utes past four o'clock on tlic niniuiiii:- of A])iil J2th the first shot of tlie 
Civil war ^\ent crasliin^ ;i^aiiisi ihr snlid walls of Fort Sumter. It was 
fii'cd by Ediinind liufliu. a iiativt nl \'irgiuia and a personal and po- 
litical friend of John C. (■alliduii. That shot was "heard around the 
world." President LinL-olii was prompt to accept the cliallcngc, and on 
the fiftei'iith caMed for 7.">,I)(10 xolmilccrs ''tu suppress tlie rebellion." 
That day the 'piiblishers of tin- Vdtpnruisd Ihpiiblican issued an extra 
edition containing the followijig call for a meeting at the court liouse 
in the evening: 

"AmericansI T^nion ]\len ! l!.ill\. TIil- war has begiru. Fort Sumter 
has fallen ! Our flag has been insullcd. fired ujjon and struck to traitors ! 
A Pelican and a Rattlesnake liamicr flivits in its stead! Let it be torn 
down and the Stars and Stiipes float in its place, or let us perish in the 
attempt. Davis, the ti'aitor, says that next the Secession flag shall wave 
over the Capitol at Washington Shall it be so? A thousand times 
NO I Then to-night let us rally at the coui-t house, burying all party 
names, and come to the rescue of the Kepublic against its mortal 
enemies. We are beaten at Sumter, but not contpiered, and must rally 
to preserve the inheritance left us by our fatliers. Come one, come all 
who love their country! To-night let us pledge our lives, our fortunes 
and our sacrecl honor to the defense of the proudest flag that ever 
waved over a free people." 

Porter county was aroused and the court-house was packed to its 
utmost capacity within a few miiuitcs after the doors were opened. Dr. 
E. Jones was elected to preside o\'cr tlie meeting, and J. F. McCarthy 
and A. J. Berry were chosen as sccrotarics. On motion of Dr. R. .A. 
Cameron, a committee of five was a[)]ioiiiled to draft resolutions indica- 
tive of. the feeling that pervaded the entire North. The committee con- 
sisted of Dr. Cameron, Jacoli P>i( wer. S. S. and J. X. Skinner, and '^'iark 
L. De Motte. It is rpiite prol)able tliat the resol\iti(iiis had been prepared. 

-.;,,,.' I-M-'I 

. ,;■•,■' 

,.i'= i:i-iH TU' !'>';■ 

I.,;!--.!- ■:■'■ ■>! 'luUA'vi 

■; r, f.'! , u ViW'i''-^ Vi'l'l •'.'<■! ''< ■'• •■'- 


in advance iis llic rommittee I'ctired hut a slmrt lime when it returned 
and suhniitted llie following : 

"Whereas, A hand of traitors have eoniliiiied together to In'eak up 
and destroy our glorius Fnion, and have confederated themselves for 
that purpose; and M'hereas, they have attacked the American flag and 
boniharded Fort Sumter, causing the gallant Anderson and his little hand, 
exhausted hy fatigue and hunger,- to surrender; and whereas, they are 
now threatening to march upon the Nation Capitol if their independence 
is not acknowledged and their treason submitted to; therefore, 

"L'esolccd, That we are unconditionally for the Union, now and 
hereafter, without regard to any sacrifice that we may he called upon 
to make. 

"lirsolvr(], That now our countr.y is in peril, we will laiow no North, 
no South, no party names or times, hut stand bj' the Union men both 
South and North, and never be satisfied until treason and treachery 
are crushed. 

"Resolved, That yet we believe in Republican institutions, and the 
right of free men to be heard at the ballot box, and that we do not des- 
pair of the Republic ; but in the name of our Ileavenl.y Father, appeal- 
ing to the God of nations, we promise and swear never to desert 
the flag which was in His name unfurled at Ticonderoga, and carried 
through the Storms of '76, and under which, for many years, civilization 
and Christianity have floui-ish-ed. 

"Resolved. That we herebj' pledge to the Government our lives, our 
fortunes, and our sacred honor for the maintenance of the Constitution 
qpd the supremacy of the laws. ' ' 

The unanimous adoption of these resolutions showed that the people 
of Porter county were fully aroused. During the campaign of the pre- 
ceding year they had differed in their political views, and in some in- 
stances bad felling was engendered by bitter personal argument. But 
now, when the government was menaced, when the Union was threatened 
with dissolution, all these personal animosities were laid aside, party 
affiliations were forgotten, and the spirit of loyalty M'as universal. At 

U)l 7 1 /.•);">• ^ "'"" ■ 

■■{il il.fn.l (.! !jlr' :'.■/.. t ivii'l ,1 . 

I,;:;:;! ■..', ;;, , . ';;|,, ,,;, ;..,,,, ^ . 

■■■■■•■ T-'ll; .?.:." ;• i;'// fill'; , 

'-■<■ ,1' V. :^. ■: ! M ,r ..V rniif 

.li" '0, ."',• ■'.:..;.• ill 'I ■, If lii — ( irr ■; 

.nniiv :;fv;-, ^,,;^ , /;;:i\i:? -vil li^,; 

.' ■• ::.U!.^ri.."'> If I ',1.1 :,^■!!■;(!■^ll(r;., 



("|'/--n') ^laTH*)^ •>" 


this meeting several patriotic speeches were made, the old Uuiou Jjiiiid 
played patriot airs, and at the close of the proceedings an opportuiiily 
was offered to tliose who might desire to answer the president's call 
for volunteers, to enroll their names upon the roll of a company which it 
was proposed to organize. The response was so general tliat within a 
few days a company numbering 130 men was ready for orgaiiixalion. 
At a meeting held at the court-house on the afternoon of the 18th, tlic 
men selected the officei's of the company, several addresses were made by 
distinguished speakers, and the following resolutions were adopted: 

"Whereas, tlie United States are now engaged in a civil war, and 
wliereas that war lias been forced upon the Union by a band of trailoi^'; 
and whereas we do not recognize the right of an.y stale to secede, and 
whereas we are loj'al to the Union and pledged to its, 

"Resolved. That to encourage Secession, furnish stores, provisions, 
arms or ammunition to the enemy, is TREASON. 

"Resolved, That as we believe the citizens of Porter county, without 
regard to party, are loyal to the Union, that they are requested to pro- 
cure and wear Union badges. 

"Resolved. That if it is found that there are Secessionists in our 
. midst, that we will not encourage violence and bloodshed at home, but 
we will witlfdraw fi-om them our social relations, and, if business men, 
that we will not favor them with our patronage." 

On Sunday, April, 21, a sermon was preached to the members of 
the company by Rev. Mr. Gumey, and that evening they left for Indi- 
-tmapolis, where they arrived early the following morning. A temporarj' 
camp was formed on the state house grounds at six o 'clock, where at nine 
o'clock they were sworn in by Judge Perkins of the supreme court, 
Governor Morton being present. The company was then ordered to 
Camp Morton, and having more men upon its muster rolls tlian the army 
regulations permitted, it was reduced to seventy-seven enlisted men. The 
surplus members were organized into a new company which took the 
name of. the "Valparaiso Guards." On the 23d the original company 

'/'("/ :iM 

|ii;H(' f 110! Ill 1 bio 9((.' 

... \0 (:■•■■ 

.■-^>^: I j., 

II ■•,/^-..lVI' 

.;.* ■■)) I)flfi:)Kj'iii ti'.',',' f. 

:!■■;. ..!:• jr.;. ■'.',■>■] . f'^^um ,i< U'H-.u ,\\:. 
-■; ill' ,- ', :r': 'i^ .1') r>;.i; f^.!) 'lO ' 


wuH miistcTcd into the UiiiU'd Stales s' rxicc as Company II, Ninth 
Indiana Infantry, Col. Rohcrl JI. i\lilroy couiiiianding, with the t'olhiw- 
ing officers: Robert A. Caiiiemii, laphiiii; Tsaar C. B. Simian, first lieu- 
tenant; Gilbert A. Pierce, sriimd liculcjianl. At tliat time the prev- 
alent opinion was that the war was n(jt a si-rious afi'air and would soon 
be ended, hence llie first trot>i).s wiic nmslereii in for a term of only llii-ce 

After a few days .spent in drillini,' aiitl perfecting the regimental or- 
ganization, the Ninth was ordered to wi'stein Virginia, where it was 
assigned to General Morris' eouiinand. ^vhieli was stationed at Beliugton 
mth instructions to prevent tlie Coni'ederale General Garnett from rein- 
forcing General Pegram at Rich mountain. Hardly had the camp been 
pitched when the Coui'ederate sliai-])shootcrs began their work of firing 
upon the Union troops from the shelter of a piece of woods near by. 
Colonel ]Milroy asked for iieriiiission lo di'ivc them out of the timber, 
but was informed that the orders were uol lo bring on an action. On 
Sunday morning Sergeant Co[)p, the " fighting parson" of the Ninth, 
was preaching a sermon to "tiit boys," when tlie Confederates renewed 
thc&t deadly work. Qixickly putting his Bible in his pocket, the parson 
grabbed a gun and started for the woods. The congregation immediately 
followed his example. General Morris sent an officer to call back the. 
men. ^ few returned to the camj), but the majority accepted the leader- 
ship of Sergeant Copp and continued their way into the woods, driving 
the shaipshootcrs before them as they went. Colonel Barnett fired two 
percussion shells which exploded in front of the enemy's works, while 
a third shell went over the hill and (■\])h)dcd in the midst of a cavalry 
trooii that was prepai'ing to attack llic Federal camp, causing consterna- 
tion iu the ranks. This affair is known as ' ' the ])ji vates' battle of Beling- 
ton. " It was fought without orders, l)y men of the Ninth Indiana and 
Fourteenth Ohio under command of a sergeant, Imt it showed the Con- 
federates that the northern men wouhl light. 

During the three months' service 1h<' reginioit was in several minor 
skirmi.shes in western Virginia, the nidst important one l)eing the battle 

ui'/ .15 /if-SM'O -«(' -..'iiK (•'.!' ' 
.;i la'sil .u.-.rc..'.'*'' ■' '* ■•■■ ' :'■' •*'•'•'' '" 

; ■>(,> )' 

.,:.,!., ..Mini *i.-JCN^^--.<..--.r» -;-""■'■ -'■ 

,,S;_-,, ,, r,v. ;-ri;^:;'( r>r! I 'i'J (■■•■"I ■■^- '■ ■'">!'';-'-^ '"' 
..,; . . : S-, t.I,,::: •.,;' !K iv.'.w!.;/', '.'-; 1:^1 '-^ '> 

.!'<:;;, Ii: ■' ' ''■'■': i:-in(lj-t...;: vH) l.^'li 

HISTORY OF poirrEj; corxTY ; ' u)7 

of Laurel Hill, July 8, 1861, in wJiieli Jolni ^latlnws, of Compnny U, 
was wounded. Although in no lip.ivy oii<^r;meiih'ii1s, (lie willirfincss of 
the men to perforin a soldier's duly in iiny .'ictinn llmt might bo brought 
on gave the regiment the name of ilip "JUikjiIn Xinlh.'" At tli.' expira- 
tion of the three months' term, tin Xinlli iir<lcnHl 1o Indianapolis, 
where it arrived on July 24, and was iiuisler< (.1 out on the 29th. On 
Augxist 27, 18G1, it was reor^ianized at I/;i]iortc fur the three years' 
sei-vice, and was there mustered in on Septi'iiibci' Otli, with Colonel 
Milroj' again in command. Company 11 was ofiinred l)y Isaac C. B. 
Sumaji as captain; DeWitt C. Ilodsdeu as Hist lieutenant; William II. 
Bcnney, second lieutenant. Again the regiment was ordered to westci^u 
Virginia, where it took part in the engagenn'nts at Green Brier and Alle- 
ghany, as well as a number of sliglit skinnislies. In February, 1862, 
it was ordered to join General Buell's army at Nashville, Tennessee, 
where it was assigned to General Nelson's di\ision. It pai-ticipated in 
the second day's battle at Shiloh, the campaign against Corinth, the pur- 
suit of B)-agg's army through Kentucky, fighting at Perry ville, Dan- 
ville and ^ild Cat mountain. It then returned to Tennessee, Avhere it 
took part in the battle of Stone's river, and later was in the battle of 
Chickamauga and the military operations a!)out Chattanooga. In the 
spring of 1864 it joined General Sherman in the Atlanta campaign. 
After the fall of Atlanta it returned to Tennessee with General Thomas 
and was in the battle of Nashville on December 15, 1864, pur-suing 
Hood's retreating army as far as Iluntsville, Alabama. Its next serv- 
ice was in Louisana and Texas as part of General Sheridan's command, 
mid was finally mustered out on September 28, 1865. Throughout the 
entire service of the Ninth, the Porter county company was on the firing 
line whenever the regiment was called into action. 

The Valparaiso Guards — the surplus members of the original coni- 
, pany — were assigned to Company C, FiffcciiDi Indiana Infautrj', which 
was commanded by Col. George Wagner. This was one of six regiments 
of state troops which were mustered into the TTuited States; service in 
the summer of 1861. Company C vas conimanded by Capt. John I\I. 



to K»:<:V^'llilrJ,' ■<.[, v, ,, M, ,,..,,,, .-, , 
' '■'if;,:-.-f ' \ ,trfv;fti -(iiii i'mm,,,- vrtc r 

■ •••I'l^'i! .!-i. ,1 !>•.:;;. I., . ■- .:,,,i:' 
^ij .iWk 'I'i jro .f|ir ij' ;v'rf,,fi> « 

;; .0 ■,"..k!, 7.1 !o-)-.m!., ..;. : ;l ; 
.11 III .^i!''A'' ; ',.,;,;,!,:;.,'! \,u. >:;■. a-: 

uV-rfv"; ui :.-.-,'■ .:,■"> :,.„ |., , ,,;:vv, , : 

. '.f-P!'...-.!-.'!' /.lu,))-,; •: <r /,,ii); n:'i;..(, 

:! ,>. :-■■,. I, - ,i;vt 

■"' '"'"• ''■ -:.';■•!"";■ 
-111.' I .■^'.lyriT M 1-. T^;i,t!l-.i'> v:r. ^ 

J; v'!;;!// .i;>«v:ji;, ■ . r nt '.■<;;[;, -Hi !• 
'••• •'!;;',.( v;(i (i; i'.a I L M:;' ;..•),; .■■ 1, 

'vJt:;v:.'r J-b:-/ ..U ■(■..(.,. ,<:r ,;.:. 
-/■11H 'Ztr h'i'i .i::.i.';iM-,r/, jlii/^^Iini 

= '--■-.•> s .;•;!.;,■.,:;' is-. ..:.•' 

y" /it '••(!■♦ m S'^.-' •-,C)"';.;:ni •'iim-, ■ 

.iiOr!-'H i''f(i; 
.f;,,0 [;;.,;•,;■:.• ■ ;| ; ... :•,•„', ;,„, ,:(,|,, 


Comparet, of Fort Wayne. 0. H. Ray and John F. McCarthy, of I'orler 
county, were the first and second lieutenants, respectively. 'I'he first 
service of the Fifteenth was in western Virginia, wliere it was engaged 
at Rich mountain and Green Bi'ier, after which it joined P>ueirs army 
in Tennessee. It participated in the battles at Shiloh, Corinth, I'erry- 
ville, Stone "s river, tlie Tullahoma campaign, the operations around 
Chattanooga, and then marched to the relief of General T.uriiside, who 
was besieged at Knoxville, Tennessee. The main body of llie regiment 
was mustered out in June, 1864, the veterans and reci-uils rontiiiuing 
in the service until August 8, 1865. 

Company 1, Twentietli Indiana Infantry, was coinposed aliiKW en- 
tirely of Porter county men. The officers of the regiiin'jit \vcre: \V. Ij. 
Brown, colonel; Charles D. i\Iurray, lieatenant-colojiel ; 1 liDJaniiii IT. 
Smith, major. When the regiment was mustered in on -Jidy 22, 1S61, 
the officei-s of Company I were as follows: Captain, "Willinm \^'. ilaeey; 
first lieutenant, Richard T. Henderson; second lieutenant, Jesse N. Potts. 
The regiment was mustered in at Indianapolis and left that city on Au- 
gust 2, for Maryland." It was then sent to Hatteras inlet and from there 
to Fo^ress Monroe, where it formed part of the land forces at the time 
the Merrimac made the attack on the Union fleet, March 9, 1862, and it 
was this regiment which prevented the capture of the gunboat Congress 
by the eijemy. On June 8, 1862, it was assigned to Jamieson's brigade, 
Kearney's division, Heintzelman 's corps. Army of the Potomac, with 
which it took part in the battles of Pair Oaks, the Orchards, the Seven 
Days' Battles, especially at Glendale, and was then ordered back to 
Alexandria, Virginia. Its next engagement was at jMana.ssas Plains, 
where Colonel Brown was killed, and it was also in the batik' of (!han- 
tilly. It was with Franklin's corps at the battle of Fi'edcricksburg, 
December 13,- 1862 ; was with General Hooker in the battle of Chancel- 
lorsville in May, 1863; participated in the pursuit of General Lee's 
army from Gettysburg, where Col. John Wheeler was killed and 152 
men of the regiment were either killed or wounded, ami sonn nllciwai'd 
was sent to New York to assist in quelling the drafts I'iots in 1li;it city. 

-|?;' H.'l I'..' . ■•i!"ir /■ til .^'1 

,: ' . ; 111 ■ ' ' .-1 i(t'-' i 'i't liuIoM -..'lij 01 

ii 111 '1^^r■);-■^^t.l mw/ oJIOnri;.;' ■ 

ij.::;! idt 3o .; 

"iv) r'i'f ,Pii.sO 'fw/J !'> :;..liliv.f :'')! n: i, 
' ji'iii? •■.I-?/ i.itn .-iiur. i'-')0 Jii ■',!';:; 

- (! ft...V.' fu. fIMiJJ.i)!3 ;<:>L1 ci.! i 

:;il. iif (UJj; Kuv.' )i 
•;■, oi';.w 'irlt .!v: 

i;.i jii' lu T-..i«KJ. i.-K'H:);.* liT-' "-tv 


11. rejoined the Army of the Potomac in time for the Wine Ik'im cmih- 
paign in the fall of 1863, and was with General Grant in the liiial laiu- 
paign against Richmond, taking part in the battles of tlie Wildeniess, 
Spollsylvaina, Cold Harbor, the siege of Petersburg, and was presciil 
at the surrender of General Lee at Appomattox, Ajiril 9, 1S(iri. It wns 
then ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, where it was mnstered out on .luly 
22, 1865, with 23 ofiieers and 390 enlisted men. 

A few Porter county men served in the Twenty-ninth Ji.diana in- 
fantry, which was commanded by Col. John F. Jliller at the time of llie 
iinister in. J. J-i^. IIeato)i was assistant surgeon of the regimeiil ; Sainutl 

F. Welzel was first lieutenant of Company F ; Anson Goodwin was seccisrd 
lieutenant of Coiiqiany I, and S. G. G'ilniore was a sergeant in ('oiii])aiiy 

G. In the Thirty-fourth infantry Stephen L. Bartholomew, a Purler 
county man, w-as qiiartermaster, and S. C. Logan was cliai)lain. Rev. 
James C. Brown was chaplain of the Forty-eighth infantry inilil liis deatli 
at Paducah, Kcntuckj^, in 1862, and Tlieophilus Matott served as second 
and first lieutenant of Company D until he resigned from llie service 
on September 18, 1863. 'In Companj' B, Sixtj'-tbird Indiana infantry 
liiere were a number of Sorter county men. Henry 0. Skinner was mus- 
tered in as a sergeant and was promoted to the captaincy; La^n-euce 
Tompkins, John Teeter, Thomas H. Lewis and Allen W. McConnell served 
as corf orals,* and the oi'iginal muster roll beai-s the names of twenly- 
two privates who enlisted from tlije county. John S. Williams Avas colonel 
of the regiment at the time it was mustered into service on August 29, 
1862. The regiment was on' duty at Indianapolis until Christmas, when 
ii, was ordered to Kentucky to guard the line of the Louisville & Nasli- 
viile railroad. On February 25, 1863, it w'as sent to Knosville, Tennessee, 
where it was assigned to the Second brigade, Third division, Twenty- 
third army corps. It took part in the Atlanta campaign in 1RG4 ; then 
returned to Tennessee with General Thomas ; was in the battles of Fi-anl< 
lin and Nashville and the pursuit of Hood's army, after which it was 
ordered to Fort Fisher, North Carolina, and assisted in thT" reduction 

,:■{'.•< (iir.l )/; 
''"■jiii'ti)!r// aifj ')i 

i. ■ ■!• K 

... . ; , :, i-J r-' -= t- 

: /. , ■ ■!■ ..-i'ni'." Ii'ii'.; ;I!(r[f^'.vi2iFjii! 
I 7. .i i':/c;i:. -J o:i lo onti jfft ' 

■;,- /i';Vi'i ,■■'• 

I \'-i 'ii> .v.!.t.(..' ilU in -ijlVT ;r-iu;.' MlT l>nr>' 

110 IIISTOJaV oI' I'Ol.'TKli, I'orXFV 

o£ that Coufcdei'utu stronghold. 11 wii.s out ut Indianapolis 
on May 20, 1865. 

The Seventy-third Indiana inf';!ii(ry \v;i,s liiiistciTd in on Augnst 16, 
1862, with Gilbert Hathaway as i-oliiiirl ; Ikolio'L "W. Graham, of Valpa- 
raiso, as lieutenant-colonel, and IlivHiii S. Gncii, of Porter county, as- 
sistant surgeon. Company E of this vcgitm nt I'antaiucd a number of 
Porter county men, and Compan}' 1 was recruited ia the county. Of the 
latter company Rollin M. Pratt was the first captain ; liobert W. Graham, 
first lieutenant; Emanuel M. Williamson, seecmd lieutenant. Lieuteuaiit 
Graham became captain on October 2U, 1S62, and was promoted to lieu- 
tenant-colonel on February 13, 1863. Lieutenants Emanuel M. William- 
son and William C. Eaton also served as captains of the company. The 
regiment was raised in northern Indiana and was mustered in at South 
Bend. On October 1st it was ordered to Ki^nlncky, wliere it was attached 
to Harker's brigade, Wood's divi.siou, oL' liuell's avniy, and immediately 
stai'ted in pursuit of General Bragg. Subsequently it fought at Stone's 
river; was captured while on the celebrated raid uiuler General Streight, 
and after being excljanged served in Teuiiessoe and Alabama until mus- 
tred out on July 1, 1865. 

Nicholas E. M^ villa served for a time as chaplain of the Eighty- 
sixth Indiana infantry, and in the Eighty-seventh Indiana infantry John 
W. Elam was captain of Company D. This regiment .served under Gen- 
eral Burbridge, and later formed pait of the Third brigade, Third di- 
vision, Fourteenth army corps, which ^v;ls with lluell at Ferryville and 
with Sherman on the Atlanta campaign and the march to Savannah. It 
was mustered out at Louisville, jventueks-, July 21, 1865. 

Porter county was well represent rd in thi' Ninety-ninth Indiana 
infantiy, Mhich was mustered into the United Slates service in October, 
1862, with Alexander Fowler as colonel. About flii'ee-fourths of the men 
in Company C came from Porter county. Jacob P.rewer was captain 
of this company; Fred W. Drawans, tirst lieuten.iut ; William Harmon, 
Charles R. Loux and Daniel R. Lucas served as second licuitcnauts at dif- 
ferent times. During the year 1863 the jcgiinent was in a number of 

■^ :■•> V ,."u..M,'i .L' 


!''! .{ftJiOy 'jiii . ; i'^^i' 'I'^y'' a-.v *. 'j- 

|. .:ii,'J ill '^':ii !i', '.Ml:-ii;i' i»i--'' 1' 'tii''' 


engagemeuts iu Teunessee and Mississippi. In the fall nf tlial year it 
took part in the operations about Chattanooga, and iu ilic si>riug of 
1864 joined Sherman's army for the advance upon Atlanta. After the 
fall cl' that city it was ■\vilh Sherman in the march to lln' sc a and the 
eampaign thi'ough the Carolinas. It was mustered out in .Innc, IKfij, 

Then next infantry regiment in which Porter counts wiis repre- 
sented was the One Hundred and Twenty-eighth, which ^\as mustei-ed iu 
on January 12, 1864, with Richard P. DeHart as colonel. Ol' this regi- 
ment William H. Calkins, of Valparaiso, was quartermaster, and Max 
F. A. Hoffman, surgeon. Company E was made up almost eiitii'ely of 
Porter county boys. and was officered by Beujamin ShefTield, cai)tain''; 
John E., first lieutenant; John Fitzwilliams, second lieutenant. 
This regiment served in the Atlanta campaign and later with General 
Thomas iu Tennessee, taking part in the engagements at Franklin and 
Nashville. ' It was mustered out on June 8, 1865. 

In the spring of 1864 several regiments were raised and mustered 
into service for a tei-m of 100 days. One of these was tlie One Hundred 
and Thirty-eighth Indiana infantry', Mhich was commanded by Col. 
James H. Shannon. Thomas G. Lytle of Porter county was captain of 
Compa^' D ; Horace A. Goodwn was fii'st lieutenant, and there were 
several enlisted men in the company who came from Porter county. The 
regiment wasVmployed during its entire service in guard duty, but there 
is no doubt the men would have given a good account of themselves had 
they been given an opportunity to meet the enemy. There were several 
Porter county men in Company K, One Hundred and Forty-second 
Indiana infantry, of which John ]\I. Comparet Mas colonel. In the ecnu- 
pany mentioned George PI. Pierson was first sergeant; "William Clu'i.slie 
and James Johnson, corporals, and some eight or ten pi-ivatcs were cred- 
ited to this covmty. 

Two companies — B and E — of the One Hundred and Fifty-first 
Indiana infantry. Col. Joshua Healy commanding, were comixised largely 
of Porter county men. Anson H. Goodwin, who had served as siiond lieu 
tenant of Company I, Twenty-ninth infantrj% was commissioned caj^taiu 


tf ■<.■'., li; II 'io llfll t.rit (fl 

'■ ■ p. ! ■' '.,', li'^-fv.;, -1(111 :n;-,7 .i. 

.,; f,c-,N .,r,.r ^...-/r lioi,!';/ ,|ti!rir'/- .'t' ' 

■ i'!'-'" ■ ;)>? .-.''I'.ifliv'.vti'i i;i,"(. 

' ■■•■■'■ ; ■■■' ' •;■! 1 :.. ■.'^^\Z'\- •.'■■.:•, .'■fill 

■ ■ ■ II' ■.■■'.' ! ; : •;hi'.i.;'i:^i,;;A(i'i i/f ' k; ,1 


"' ' . .' ' '..'I:"! ,t,T,-,.-io!.i)'-'/f XzrX i' 
:'i ',■ i<- 1 •.:-io'7 i.:i>-i;t ;';:i.vj \)\\ 

;::i ; • '-. :■■ \ ■ ■ \.i 'm^ir ■,.,i. 'mjo^; ?; 
■'■■" ■'■'"■'• ■■■:■■!■!' '. '^iTi:. ■i;ff ::.;:/(( Ot v^ii '.'.:;■ j^{ 

.' 'i;-!'- --K-.V I ■ ;.;'jai(.:;) .R t;ii''i li-i.; 
':■'. ■ . ' •'// : U:c->;.:i :■■■■ U ■'t :-' 

■..<'\--i/'y\ ■■.r, ,,-.v,Mrnr .,(((, ,,iJt ■[>f.~:^:i f.|M! M 

■J' J"! ^i ' ■■ ;■ !■ .1 ■>i:>-.'^ ,v.;ii;i;n'i(i;.:.i,ii vf;.!:*'!'! f.i)/i.--;oT. . 


of Company B; Jobu E. Moon was first lieutenant, and John JJ. Mar- 
shall was second lieutenant. Aaron W. Lytle was captain of Company 
E; Charles E. Youngs was first lieutenant, and Orlautlo R. Becbe, second 
lieutenant. All were from Porter county. 

In the earlier infantry regiments there were iiuiiicri)us clian^es in the 
commissioned officers on account of deaths, resignations and j)ronio- 
tions. Dr. R. A. Cameron, who served as captain of Company 11, Ninth 
regiment, in the three months' service, reentered thr anny as lienfenant- 
colonelof the Nineteenth, but was transferi'ed to the Tiiirty-t'ouitli, of 
which regiment he became colonel on June 15, 1862, and on Aiigti.-it 11, 
18C3, was made brigadier-general, United States volunleeTs. On iMarch 
13,-1865, he received tlie rank of major-general by brevel "for galla'nt and 
meritorious services." Captain Suman, who was nuisii-nd in as cap- 
tain of Company H. Ninth regiment, for the three years .sc:rvicc, was pi-o- 
moted to lieutenant-colojiel, August 20, 1862, became eolonol on April 
17, 1863, and was appointed brigadier-general by b)e\et on .Maicli 13, 
1865. After his promotion to the lieutenant-colonelcy, DeWill C. lluds- 
den and Stephen P. Hodsden served as captains of the comjiany, and 
there was also changes in the first and second lieutenants at various 
times... In the Twentieth infantry the captains of Company 1 — the Por- 
ter county company — were "William AV. Macey, Richard T. Henderson, 
James M. Lytle, Lorenzo D. Corey and Erasmus C. GalJjreath. In Com- 
pany I, Seventy-third infantry, the captains in the order of succession 
were RvHin IM. Pratt, Robert W. Graham, Emanuel i\I. Williamson and 
William C. Eaton. As a rule, each promotion raised the commissioned 
officers of the company each one grade higher, and in a very few in- 
stances were the original officers mustered out with the company at tlie 
conclusion of its service. 

Besides the companies mentioned in the foregoing accounts of (he in- 
fantry regiments, Porter county was represented in the cavalry and ar- 
tillery of the volunteer army. In the Fifth cavalry, coiinuiiiiclcl liy Col. 
Robert R. Stewart at the time of the muster in on 2, 1S()2, .\r Unir 
M. Buell was first lieutenant of Company I; James ]\1. ]\7c(lill was first 

I,., ■■■, ■■■[ ■■■■W .',] ., i;i l) jUlJi ,JisiU£-jJl' 'i 

:^,: I •._,.,,:; .,,,,;■.,, iin yTO'.-' -)■; .■■['• ■:^■ -.■';--'. 

,-■ • I. . = ■. ) ii9Tisi-'.U";xi B.. 
.;,.,•, ,;■'■/ i.ij!<.'' ,11'. ;,!'>!-' I,!:-; 

• :';--i„l lOi; '. uri.r 'IviSfl ,'t:'.'I f^ >.'\ MOU, ,, 

.t ;J;,7; ■. >.• j; 

•HJ M.!l 

.'1 rl h':Lroi)u-'.i! 

.V '^v.'-: ., '''i'l- ":ir ill .7(l.f'ri' i; ••lin 

;.i/. ((0 Hi -i ' .' '•'' -ill J- ■''■' '•'1' -il' '";-'JJr- 'f J ■ 


sergeant of the compaiij' until transferred to the Sixteenth Tennessee and 
eommissioned first lieutenant; Levi li. Mutchler was sergeant, and 
James Bell was a corporal. Most of the service of this reginient was in 
Kentucky and Tennessee. It took part in twenty-two batllrs .unl skir- 
mishes and was miistered out on September 15, 18C5. 

The Seventh cavalry, commanded by Col. John P. C. Shanks, was 
mustered in by companies from June to September, ISGl!. In this regi- 
ment Aaron L. Jones, of Porter county, was (iimrtermaslei'. Cnniiiany A 
was made up largely of Porter count.y enlistments and Mas oflicrird as 
follows: John C. Febles, captain; John R. Pannalee, iirst lieutenant; 
Henry S! Stoddard, second lieutenant. Captain Febles was promoted 
to major and lieutenant Parmalee became captain on October 27, 18G3. 
Henry S. Stoddard then was made first lieutenant and Jolm Daueli (or 
Douch, the name is si^elled both ways in the Adjutant-General "s reports) 
became second lieutenant. The last named was transferred to (Company 
A, and John C. Hanson took his place as second lieutenant, lie resigned 
on August 13, 18S4, and Charles H. Gleason served as second lieutenant 
luitil the regiment was mustered out. The Seventh Indiana cavalry was 
one of the ivgiraents whose members "lived in the saddle." On Decem- 
ber 6, 1863, it was ordered to Louisville, Kentucky, and frojii tliere to 
Tennessee. It formed part of Gen. A. J. Smith's expedition iiito ilissis- 
sippi, and waS with General Grierson's famous raid into the enemy's 
country. CoAipany C of this regiment also contained a numlicr of men 
from Porter county. 

The Twelfth cavalry was organized in the early spring of .1804. It 
was under the command of Col. Edward Anderson. James H. Claypool, 
of Valparaiso, was chaplain of the regiment, and William II. Calkins, 
who had served as quartermaster of the One Hundred and Twenty- 
eighth infantry, was promoted to major while it was in tlie service. A 
majority of the members of Company M came from Porter counly. Of 
this company Lewis Stoddard was captain; William Bissill, iirst lieu- 
tenant, and James M. Buell, second lieutenant. The first .set\ iee of the 
regiment was in guarding the lines of railroad and figliliuy,- I'orrest in 


'> .ilUiC'l-iHiUfi. .-:■■■// 

'1 ;,'('> J/v :( -liiTF- 

• ,/,.;■ ..'•■.!i,ir '■{),•■:■■!}<' 'V iT ,.'C1. 

'' ^::^'; t'. "I cj 3ii! 'ir ' - 
■ ■.; I, .f! j;;/TT saO w.,.r 'io " 

; il) ;n' VtiV,' // ■)(!:),,' ■J.^.-il o! L.)l'Tiir-I<I i>.tv 

.,, -.. ..i<I .rM..ii :ni.i:i T/I va;v^,viO ■ - ' 


Tennessee and Alabama. It ^vai^ Uicu seiil (o New Oi'leans and in the 
spring of 1865 was ordered to Molvilc, wlnic it ixaticiiiated in tlie move- 
ments that resulted iia the fall of Sp^mish Fort and Fort Blakely and the 
surrender of the eitj'. It Avas then on diil v in various plaees until ordered 
to Indianapolis, where it was mustered out on November 22, 1865. 

In the Fourth Indiana battery of light artillerj', which was organized 
in the summer and early fall of 1861, JNTark L. De Jlotte served as first 
lieutenant until eommissioned assislaut ((uartcruuister by Pi'esident 
Lincoln, April 14, 1862. Augustus A. Siai-r, who went out second lieu- 
tenant, resigned on July 1, 1863, and Henry J. Wdlets then served as 
second lieutenant until the battery was mustered out. This baltcry 
was with BuelFs army at Shiloh and Corinth; was then at Stone's river 
and on the Tullahoma campaign ; was next at Lookout mountain and in 
other engagements about Chattanooga. It was uuistered out on August 1, 

Henry Rankin, who was for many ^'ears the surveyor of Porter county, 
was a fijst lieutenant in the Fifth light battery, and in the Twentieth 
battery "Warren C Gilbreath served as .second lieuleuant from the time 
thejjattery was mustered in on September 19, 1 862, \intil it was mustered 
out on Jime 28, 1865. The Twentieth was at first stationed in the forti- 
fications at Nashville, Tennessee. It was engaged almost daily in the 
Atlanta campaign, after which it returned to Tennessee with General 
Thomas and took part in the battle of Nashville, December 15, 1864. Like 
all Indiana troops, it was always ready. 

Just how many volunteers from Porter county served in the Union 
army in the Civil war will probablj' never lie known. The official records 
of the adjutant-general's oflice — although coiupilcd with great care — are 
imperfect, especially in not giving to Indiana ci'edit for men who really 
belonged to the state, but who served in rogiujenls fiom other stales. 
The same is true of the several counties. Men IViMjunilly enlisted in a 
company which wa-s being organized in auotlni- i (Uinly and were ci'edited 
to that county instead of their owji. In additiiDi to the organizations 
mentioned above, it is known that thci'e wfw in ollut- I'egiments a num- 

ri/-.i'._; ,!'i !i:'-'n ''O '< •■ " 



,rj I'' i'. ■' , ■ ' . 

.fit ' 1 :"i; -1 

„f ;:;,-/, ,,i 

,;l! xU ■ ift' 

,1 .>..M-.litVr ;iiViU.>./: J,i . 

,., -/iLJi.^iO'jij (ir ' -i-^ " '«•■'■ ' ■'•!' -i^f Vii-^ 

i;.:,.vj ;m;, 7V. '->ii' '^^ -•■ ■ ;^- -'■ ■ 

;, M -t 'ill I' bJ^.»'il^i 

'! I ;,.ii:i ■. /;'iiD[ ■• - ,'■ 


ber of men who should be credited to Porter conuiN'. Tlicn there were 
some in the regiihTr army and the navy. Nann's nl' I'cirler county sol- 
diers are found on the i-olls of twenty-nine rcuimcnts of infantry, four 
regiments of cavalry and three batteries of artillery wliicli went from this 
state, and there were Porter county men in Illinois, Kiiitiuky and Ten- 
nessee regiments. 

According to the adjutant-general's reports, the casualties suffered by 
Porter county troops wei'e 110 who died of disease; 24 killed in action; 
13 died of wounds; 1 drowaied in the Mississippi river, and 1 accidently 
sliot, making a total of 149 deaths among those ■\\lio enlisted. The names 
of these men constitute the county's roll of honor, and it is deemed per- 
fectly proper to include their names in this work, that future genera- 
tions may learn from their example a lesson of nnselfish patriotism. 
In the hour of the nation's peril they did not hesitate to sacrifice their 
lives upon the altar of their country in order to preserve and perpetuate 
the institutions our forefathers established. Those who died of disease, 
■ with the place aiftl date of death, where the same can be ascertained from 
the records, were as follows: 

Seventy infantry — Jesse Kindig, Nashville, Tennessee, December 4, 
1862. Ninth infantry — David Arvin, Marietta, Georgia, Januarj', 1864 ; 
George Beebe, July 19, 1865; Ham Gibbs, January 24, 18G3; Charles 
Gould, July 5, 1864 ; John W. Lyons, Indianapolis, June 8, 1861 ; Henry 
Pratt, February 2, 1862; Abner Sanders, Cheat Jlonntain, Virginia, 
January 3, 1862; Levi 0. Spafford, Evansville, Indiana, April 28, 1862. 
Twentieth infantry — Duaue Ellis, Andersonville, Georgia, September 
.^-1864; John Shaft'er, Washington, December 2, 1862; Thomas Van- 
ness, Washington, June 6, 1864. Twcnty-ninlli infaitlry — Warren Bab- 
bitt, Andersonville, Georgia, September 15, 1864 ; Fred Koclier, Anderson- 
ville, August 10, 1864; Charles F. Skinner, Nashville. Tennessee. Thirty- 
fifth infantry — Charles C. Gaj'lord, Bull's Gap; lliniy (Iranuer, Nash- 
ville; IMoses Spangle, Indianapolis. Scveiihj-ihinJ infaiilri/'-Andrew 
Black, Gallatin, Tennes.see, February 9, 186:!; X. I'., lihidilry. Silver 
S]n-ings Tennessee, November 16, 1863; (ieoj'gc .1. r.ijdlcy, Nashville, 



•ivj'i' t I'll' . '>'i r ,v.<u 

ii* '(''" ' ' ' '■" '' '■ I'l ; 

■li'/o'l /"'♦.I'';'! •■■ ';•> ;ii<. u'ir-:M-r 

; ci!i 'i(;i 1 I r^; '-.iii If ;,■; 'I' . ■ 

,v,T I .... •;,; .■,•-•.,■' , :'.„;'.\i. 

.';r> ,!:if 

!f''- ,.<(Mi(f;i. 

: 1 ;> .-.Iii ■•.:. 

■•,7 .-, 

-|[i .'.I ',,:.' 

I '■.' ; ''"?i .[il 'i-; 



December 5, 1862; Samuel Conner, Summersville, Kentueky, March 11, 
1863; William Crisman, Nasliville, December 9, 1863; Curtis Dorsey, 
. Nashville, November 28, 1862; Nels A. Ei-ickson, Scottsville, Kentucky, 
Novcrabor 11, 1862; Josiah B. Fox, Bowling Green, Kentucky, February 
27, 1863; Asa Glazor, Louisville, Kentucky, December 8, 1862; George 
N. Gunter, Nashville, March 28, 1864 ; Lester Hitchcock, Danville, Ken- 
tucky, December 8, 1862; John Hineline, Scottsville, Kentucky, Nov- 
ember 17, 1862; Theodore R. HalJ, Gamp Chase, Ohio, June 8, 1863; 
John Hawldns, Camp Lebanon, Kentucky, October 29, 1802; Anclrew 
Johnson, Lidiaaapolis, October 23, 1803 ; Charles Muuson, Silver Springs, 
Tennessee, November 18, 1862; David G. Maine, Nashville, 'November 
30, 1862; Harlow Marsh, Danville, Kentueky, May 15, 1865; James E. 
Piper, Louisville, Kentucky, March 17, 1863; Charles S. Spear, Steven- 
son, Alabama, December 7, 1864; Alexander Smith, Murfreesboro, Ten- 
nessee, July 23, 1863 ; Edward S. Squires, Danville, Kentucky, October 
20, 1862 ; John A. Tidball, Louisville, November 9, 1862 ; Stephen Thorn- 
ton, Jauuarj' 24, 1865 ; William H. Underwood, Nashville, February 19, 
1863 ; Hn-ara W. Walton, Nashville, February 19,' 1863 ; Wesley Watson, 
Danville, Kentucky, October 19, 1862 ; Elias Wheeler, Gallatin, Tennessee, 
January 28, 1863. Seventy -fourth infantry — Chancy R. Coulson, Jef- 
J^ersonville, Indiana, February 1, 1865. Ninety-ninth infantry — Justice 
Bartholomew, Andersonville, Georgia, August 22^ 1864; George W. 
Biggs, La Grange, Tennessee, January 19, 1863 ; Benjamin Biggs, La 
Grange, Tennessee, March 16, 1863 ; George W. Birch, Scott-sboro, Ala- 
bama, April 21, 1864 ; Hirain' A. Case, La Grange, Tennessee, March 10, 
1863 ; Wallace L. Depance, Black River, Mississippi, August 27, 1863 ; 
Ira Doolittle, Snyder's Bluff, Mississippi, July 9, 1863; John L. Kesler, 
La Grange, Tennessee, February 25, 1863; George -W. Livingood, La 
Grange, Tennessee, February 25, 1803 ; Charles Sleeper, La Grange, 
Tennessee, March 7, 1863 ; John W. Taylor, November 17, 1862 ; Harvey 
White, La Grange, Tennessee, Jlareh 11, 1863 ; William Wooster, Camp 
Towler, Tennessee, February 4, 1863. One Hundred and Twenty-eighth 
infantry — Giles. A. Cole, St. Louis, Missouri, December 12, 1864; Amos 

...';'i>i ,!,i;i->.t;i-iy3 .((('-^.^ it'll . - . 

, '' .'\ ..:■.':. .■■:■:.• ' , • .:& ■ <][^i'■■ '■ ' 

HISTORY OF roRTi-:i; COrXTV 117 

Coleman, Kriox%nl]e, Tennessee, April 1, ISGl; AVilliain Coleman, Mari- 
etta, Georgia, August, 1864; Thomas Doliin, .Michiiiaii City, Indiana, 
March 22, 1864; Samuel Furgeson, New I'.ciiic, Xorlli Carolina, ]\Iarch 
14, 1865; Frederick Keene, Nashville, 'iVnin sht, April, 1864; John B. 
Millard, Nashville, January 5, 1865; Olivci' I', (.juinn, y\lexandria, Vir- 
ginia, June 12, 1865; Myron S. Robinson, Cleveland, Tennessee, Augiist 
1, 1864; Chris. S. Sholer, Kenesaw, Geor-ia, June 23, 1864. One 
Hundred and Thirty-eighth infantry — Edward J. Garwood, Tullahoma, 
Tennessee, September 16, 1864; Frank Julm.son, Tullahoma, September 
15, 1864. One E^mdred and Fifty-first iiif(nilrij — 1011)}'idge Clark, Louis- 
ville, August 11, 1865; Reuben Clark, at lioine, March 5, 1865; Edgar 
Field, Tullahoma, Tennessee, May 18, 18(i5; .John P. Jones, Nashville, 
June 30, 1865; George Lansing, Jeffer.sonvillc. Indiana, April 7, 1865; 
Luther Smith, Deep River, Indiana; Amlirosc S. White, Na.shville, July 
19, 1865. Fifth cavalry — John R. Alyea, FIotcucc, South Carolina; 
Jolm Billings, Indianapolis; Daniel C. Bagley, Cleveland, Ohio, May 22, 
1864; Iloraer 0. Cadwell,, Florence, South Carolina, January, 1865; 
Isaac L. Downes, Andersonville, Geoigia, September 29, 1864; Edwin 
W. Shumaker, Andersonville, August 12, 1864; "William Terriea, Knox- 
ville, ^nnessee, September 23, 1862; Philij) Walters, Kingston, Ten- 
nessee; Jacob Walters; Andersonville, Georgia, October 28, 1864. Seventh 
cavalry — Stephen Adams, Memphis, Tennessee, Jlareh 13; 1864; John 
L. Babcock, May 24, 1864; John Johnson, Andersonville, Georgia, Jan- 
uary 28, 1864; Ileni-y Miller, ]\Iemphis, Tennessee, I\Iay 4, 1864; Isaac 
Margeston, Andersonville, August 14, 1864; Cornelius O'Neil, Cahawba, 
Bahama, March 16, 1864; Clark S. Williams. liidiaTiapolis, December 3], 
1863; Alvin Welsh, Augnist 15, 1864. Twdflli. cavalry — Isaac Beam, 
Iluntsville, Alabama, July 3, 1864; Jolm IT. N. Beek, Edgefield, June 
13, 1865; AV. B. Dorrance, New York, April 19, 1865; Charles Friend, 
Nashville, Febmary 13, 1865; James Garrison, at home; Ira Green, 
Iluntsville, Alabama, July 24, 1864; John S. Gillman, Huntsville, Ala- 
bama, July 22, 1864; William H. Huntley, Indianapolis, August 5, 1864; 
Benjamin 0. Jones, New Orleans; Ei'asmns J. Jones, Vieksl)urg, March 


(TA lO') WA'YV' 

." (:-'cl- ,;•'•• ,'l'U| ^ I- ^ '. ■■ i 

■'('.I >:•: .(,',,,: 

'::)'-:! J ::„, 

/>ir ,!;-i:;. ^ ^!.i 

' .! '■-'' /■'• X'-:/ ---- >:(-T .«!■ 

'! ■ 


<f«!\. ,i4-y.> ,::.:'■ ^'v •■ ■': r; ,.,\ :. : > >;i ,;- ■ 

■'■■'"'■' ^•" • :■':<;;; '. .■ 1 :>j'::i ^ mi;;'. ;'j:i;'! ,'..i ■n:.!l'ui»i\ .!7)(ivi-lM/! 
-';|,/. ,-;:i/...:,- .f ,;;.:. 1: 'J ^ : .,'. , I n^ t J-<: ::i,l. /iiiiBdr'-' -■•'■ v•■,n,^|■ 


22, 1865; Seth P. Sherman, Valparaiso, July 9, 18C4 ; Aiva l!. Si)cmi-lt, 
Jeffersonville, Indiana, August 27, 1864; Thomas Wcleli, Stinli's I.ind- 
ing, Alabama, April 10, 1865. 

The thirteen men who died of \\ounds were: Ei<jhlh injUntrij — 
Henry Powers, wounded at Stone's river, died at Padm-a1i, Ki'jituclcy, 
January 4, 1863. NiiitJi infantry — John Ablet, Paducali, l\eii1iic!;y, 
April, 1862, wounded at Shiloli ; Elias J. Axe, September 24, ISC::^ \\ ouud- 
ed at Missionary Ridge; W. II. II. Howard, July 25, lS(i4, AMiuiuicd at 
Keiiesaw IMountiiin; Le^ds Keller, wounded at Shiloh, date id' doatli not 
given. Eigklci-nih infantry — Charles Allen, Bellairc, Ohio, February 13, 
18G2, action not stated. Sixt)j-third infantry — Preston Bauhm, "June 18, 
1864; Jacob Jones, June 2, 1864. Seventy-third infantry — Daniel ICouts, 
January' 18, 1863, place of death and action in which wounds Avere re- 
•ceived not given. One Hundred and Twenty-eighth infantry — George 
"W. Hunt, wounded and lost from the command, sujiposed lo I)e dead; 
"William Marshall, Calumet, Indiana, January, 1864. Fiflli earalry — 
James Southward, Knoxville, Tennessee, October 13, 1863, adiou not 
given. Thomas Buchanan, credited to Porter comity but not assigned 
to any regular command, was wounded at Shiloh and died on June 13, 
1862. ^ 

Those killed in action were: Ninth infantry — David Armitage, Shi- 
loh, A*pril 7, 1862; William D. Brown and James Bullis, Chiel<amauga, 
September 19, 1863; Benjamin F. Huntington, Buffalo IMouulaiii. De- 
cember 31, 1861; Thomas R. Mackey, also killed at Buffalo ^Mountain; 
David Thatcher, Shiloh, April 7, 1862; Manford Thatcher, Resaea, Geor- 
gia, May 14, li>64; Joseph Turner, Chiekamauga, September 20, 18(14. 
Seventeenth infantry — Asahel G. Carmen and Thomas W. Maxwell, 
Selma, Alabama, April 2, 1865. Twentieth infantry — John H. Cook 
and John Torpy, Gettysburg, Penn.sjivania ; Anton Fuller, Cliiclwahoiu- 
iny, Virginia. Twenty-ninth infantry — John Oliver, Corinlli, Missis- 
sippi, May 9, 18G2. Thirty-fifth infantry — George Miller, Stone's liver. 
January 2, 1863. Seventy-third infantry — Robert FlucMan, Decadir, 
Alabama, October 27, 18G4; William II. Ileudee, Stone's Ri\iT, Tcunes- 


'.'j ..JO J ',!■//■ -■■■■ 

.\\.'..' ■* •■■•.•iu i<i:;!,MO.v '.Ml •'- 

;;. i:>"' ' '!(; fj jib .ny/i'i ;'''i;::' 

.'' ' ■ , J. ,.;'-;JA ■;.J.--, .•■:.;: 

'■)'.f .;;!.r.irfcl. 

.••riJ -I'iliiiv vni'^l. ,;-|T.' jr/;!.-:;'' 
. ■ .i ■ '■■ -'■;:"(' i;. (..j'tiu'.; • ".:.)o' ,7 

J-i ,r. , fO ,,,:.,! ---•,.;;■■ .^.:\(w A\iv;l. 'vVi ■■■.'' . 

■:^ ■ ■■■-:. .vi.'i'.>!l u .. 

HISTORY OF Pdirrivli COl'NTY 119 

see, December 31, 1862; James McNall\ uiKi (hai-les yi,iu'4icoiab, also" 
killed at Stone's River; Robert Jackson, Day's Gap, Alaliama, April 30, 
18G3. Nindy-ninth infantry- — James T^'dsler. Atlanta, Cieor^na, date not 
given. Fifth cavalry — Leander Lightfont, ^rnrrowhoiio, May 26, 1863; 
Lewis Walters, Resaca, Georgia, May 1'), ISCl, s^ivmih cavalry — John 
Marsh, Gnntown, Mississippi, June 10, IS(IJ. 

While the "Boys in Blue" were battling- tor Ike nation upon the field, 
those who remained at home were not idlr. Ou May 1, 1862, a meeting 
was held at the residence of Rev. S. C Ijo^an. in Valjiaraiso, to decide 
upon some means of sending relief to tlir sick and wounded in the vari- 
ous hospitals that marked the army's line of march. A1 a meeting held 
at the court-house a little later a sanitary comiinssion was appointed. 
This commision consisted of Elias Axe, A. J. Buel, Joseph Pierce, S. W. 
Smith, M. A. Salisbury, R. Bell, Jr., and 11. J. Jones. An address to 
the people 'of uorthwestei'u Indiana was issui'tl by the commission, and 
the w^ork of relief was kept up until the close of the \\-»v. Altogether, 
the county paid for the work of the sanitary and Christian commissions 
and for the support of soldiers' families nearly .$55,000. Even more 
than this was paid for bounties. "Wlien the order of August 4, 1862, was 
issued, calling for a draft of 300,000 men to .serve for nine months, there 
w-as also a call issued for 300,000 volunteers. The issue was pi'omptly 
met by the people of Porter county. On August 10, a meeting was 
held at the court-house for th^purposc of raising money to pay bounties 
to those who would enlist. At that meeting Dr. L. A. Cass presided 
and Thomas Jewell acted as secretary. U was decided to pa.y a boimty 
of at least twenty-five dollars to each and every man enlisting from the 
county, and the subscriptions were both numerous and lilieral, son\e men 
giving as much as $100. During the war the county ]Kiid for bounties 
the sum of $65,227.50. Referring agaiii to the iinmber of troops fur- 
nished hy the county, Battey's History of PortiT coiuity, published in 
1882, says: "The total credits by enrollment and draft to July 18, 1864, 
were 686. Total to be furnished by the second draft, sixty-nine. Under 
the draft ordered for December 19, 1864, there were 145 recruits; 


< ;'/.'!(- I >i.-t i 

1 ' '.. : 11 :,;) 

■■) , , j.rr! 

ll. ,iJ3;l ;! /\u^'> 

!p.-.f .-:t -A 

'I ;a'>'T-; Jistoi i>i!T" r^-fK'^ .CtWf 

: ^ : 'r ' "'/i 

■M. T 

120 iiiSTOKY OF roirn'^ii county 

drafted luuii, seventy; total, 215. Thr rc^vibt'tl emollmeut, according to 
the Adjutant General's report, showed a total enroll tnent of 1,136 from 
Porter county. ' ' 

But, as stated in a preceding paraiji-aph, this enrollment does not 
show the enlistments in companies ciedilcl to dilier counties, or even 
other states, and it is doubtful if llie exael niimlvr of volunteers from 
Porter county will ever be learned. 

"When the Civil war began the South was mucli better prepared for 
the conflict than was the North. In the early history of Indiana, as in 
most of the Northern states, consideral)]e attojitiou was paid to the organ- 
ization and maintenance of the militia. This was necessary, as Indian 
outbreaks were liable to come at any time, and an organized and well 
drilled militia was a safeguard for the Re11li;r along the frontier. But 
with the treaties of cession and the removal of the Indian tribes to reser- 
vations west of the Mississippi river, the peoj.ile no longer felt the need 
of organized military companies, and about 1835 the militia system was 
practically abandoned. In 1852, when the new constitution of Indiana 
was adopted, the system was revived by an act of the legislature, and 
each Congressional district was required to organize its militia. North- 
ern Indiana was required to organize the Ninth brigade, the Second 
regiment of which Avas apportioned to Porter county. Of this regiment 
L. A. Cass was colonel; H. E. Woodruff, lieutenant-colonel, and a man 
named Freeman Avas major. About half the townships formed com- 
panies and for a rew years meetings for drill and instruction were held 
regularly. Then the interest began to wane, and by 1859 the militia had 
again sunk into a state of inactivity. The same condition prevailed in 
nearly every Northern state. Not so with llie South. In the states 
which seceded the militia was kept u]) 1o a liigh standard of perfection 
in drill and military. tactics, and in addition to this the national admin- 
istration for several years prior to the war liad laxored the South by 
storing large quantities of arms and aiiininnilidii in llie arsenals in that 
section of the country. These supplies anil nnuiiiions of war were 
promptly seized by the. state governments as soon as ordinances of seces- 

;l,.i j,r!S'1"^i'iq K 


:!) 'h Ifi'tM'i.' 

.. .rf! ij; 

liii; ;ill! i • D" 

ilvl; -.: 

•./ rniujvv, K 


.■.i,«i ■-.... ::'J; .;-: - 

■; .. ,i ;■ ^: VI i^'yi- 

,, ,.l; i.-.yi i'.iV' .;'..'■(!• ..11 ^■■■'' 

ju;, •,:i' Of '.>:.^\ '■'■:■'■ -'■■■■■ '■ 
iv:, •,..;* I.. 'IV i-iPV. ■''■ 


;-.;. k)u'.>i:IM'-^-. O}^ 

(...iJ-vlli X-l 


sion had been passed by the state conveutions called for that purpose. 
In the North volunteers were called from the ranks of citizenship. The 
lessons learned while members of the old militia companies proved of 
great advantage to some, but the majority of the volunteers were lilcr- 
ally "raw" recruits. Notwithstanding these drawbacks, the people of 
the North proved themselves ecjual to the emergency. Quick to learn 
and willing to submit to army regulations and discipline, they soon 
formed one of the greatest armies of citizen soldiery knc n to the liis- 
tory of the world. If they lacked in technical military skill, they were 
not deficient in courage, and after a four year's struggle thej' returiird to 
their shops, fields and firesides to resume their peaceful occupations, 
conscious in the fact that they had done their whole duty and bequoatlicd 
to their posteritj^ a reunited country. 

About 1880 there was a revival of interest in the state militia, which 
took the name of the Indiana National Guard. In the fall of 1881 a 
company was organized in PoiiSer coimty, with A. W. Lytic as captain ; 
William E. Brown, first lieutenant; William C. Wells, second lieutenant, 
and sixty non-commissioned officers and enlisted men. The company 
was assigned to the Third regiment. Col. E. I. Kirk commanding. In 
1882 George >S. Haste was elected captain; William C. AVells, first lieu- 
tenant, and L. T. White, second lieutenant, these officers receiving their 
commissions ?!rom Governor Porter. The company attended the camp of 
instruction at Peru in 1884, and not long after that Captain Haste Avas 
promoted to battalion major and commissioned as such by Governor 
Gray. Subsequently he wa^romoted to major, and still later to coloiu-l, 
i«, which capacity he served until 1892, when he resigned from the ser- 
vice. • The last record that can be found of the company was on January 
19, 1887, when an election for officers M'as held at the armory. At that 
time S. L. Finney was chosen captain; L. T. White, first lieutenant; 
and E. C. Wood, second lieutenant. The company disbanded about 1889 
or 1890. 

At the time President ]\IcKinley was inaugurated in ilarch, 1897, 
there was a strong sentimeiit in the United Slates in favoi- of reeogiiizinK 

. ■/•: : . 
;; ; >;^5 -:,l;v i /v/ .A j.;:;,/ . ■,:■> 

r ':':!.[ L; ■!■)-... ,:vi(oV/' .'1 ,i7,;,;ic .7 :T:, 

.-. ,i; '■•'!). !.'m; .' ;.;-:'. I 'I'-i.; ! : \'."v/I JOn j>.i'ii .+ '-'/''-l ' ' 
".■'<"• 7'1 .: . ■■: , *■ ■,■. /.:,-:'|t::r.. ■■ f)i:;i .0! ;.' i 

-:; u..-i'l h;''- 'li ■;.:! it'-.a.'/ ,1 


the belligerent riglit-s of Cuba, aud several state legislatures had passed 
resolutions to that effect, some of them even goiiij;' J'artlier and demaud- 
ing that this government take steps to secure the indepeiideuee of the 
people of that islajid. The press of the country was practically a luiit 
in denunciation of the methods used by Spain's agents and (illiccrs in 
dealing with the Cubans, but it was not until the United States l)attle- 
ship Maine was blown up on the evening of h'ebruary 15, IS'JS, while 
lying peacefully in the harbor of Havana, that siilTicicnt pressure was 
brought to bear to induce Congress to take definite action. On March 
29 a resolution was introduced in the United St at is seuatc recoinmend- 
ing the recognition of Cuba's independence. Tlie president sent a 
special message to Congress on Apvil 11, asking- lur auUio)ity to inter- 
vene in behalf of the Cubans. Nine days later he sigjied the resolutions 
declaring Cuba free aud independent, aud directing the president "to 
use the land and naval forces of the United States lo carry these resolu- 
tions into effect." An immediate withdrawal of diplomatic relations 
between the United States and Spain followed this action, and on April 
22 Congress passe.d an act "to provide for temporarily increasing the 
military establishment of the United States." On the 23rd the presi- 
dent called for 125,000 men froui the National Guard of the several states. 
Under that call the State of Indiana was required to furnish four regi- 
ments of infantry and two light batteries. A formal declaration of war 
was made on Api'il 25. 

Soon after the call for 125,000 men was made, Capt. Charles F. 
Griffin, who was in command of a company at Uammond, Indiana, wrote 
to Capt. Stephen Li^^'Finney, of Valparaiso, suggesting the reorganiza- 
tion of the Porter county company and outlining a plan for the organiza- 
tion of a regiment in Northern Indiana, to be ready in case a second call 
for volunteers came. On April 27, 1898, a meeting was held at the ar- 
mory on Franklin street to organize a company. Col. George S. Haste 
presided, communications from Adjutant-general Gore Mei'c read, and 
after some discussion it was decided to form a volunteer comiKuiy. So 
many men responded that two comiranies were formed. One known as 

i; I, ;, ;. ':."'.;! V"i'' '=: '■'''■' 
., ■ ,,.-.i:.r(' - .1. ' ci.jv3 

,,'.,, . , i , !ij(iii !-;'; ;^'W ii .Jill' .•r;»M;-ui:. 
• < - ■ •■. :■ ' I 1 lO JIU IjV .) ■tir J 

...l; '■■ujA uo 'joujii 

: ^^/ -lo'l 


the "Hill Coinpariy" was commanded by Capt. Wallace L. Wriglit, and 
the "Down Town Company," was commanded hy Cnpt. Stephen L. Fin- 
ney. The former was not completed nutil May ;10, when an organiza- 
tion was effected with the following company cI'liciTs: Cai)lMin, Wallace 
L. Wright; first lieutenant, C. H. Merritt, of FJkliail ; second lieutenant, 
r. W. J\Iitchell, of Greenville, Illinois. The muster roll oC this company 
bore about fifty names, most of whom were slndents in (he Northern In- 
diana Normal School. The "Do^^-n Town Coinpaiiy" effected its organi- 
zation of April 29, mth S. L. Finnej', eaplain; IJ. C. Jones, first lieu- 
tenant; E. E. Snudl, secpnd lieiitenanl, and a musler roll of forty-five 

The second call for volunteers — 75,000 men — wa.s made by President 
McKinley on ]\Iay 25, 1898, and on June 6 Mayor Suman, of Valpa- 
I'aiso,- went to Indianapolis for a conference with Governor Mount. Col- 
onel Suman formally tendered the services of the company to the gov- 
ernor and filed the completed roster of the company — 105 names — -vrith 
the adjutant-general. In furnishing the full quota of men required by 
both calls, the State of Indiana sent five regiments of infantry, two com- 
panies of colored infantry, two light batteries, and there were about 400 
men from the state in the regular army. As lliere were but sixty-two 
companies of iufanti'y enrolled from the ninetj-t>vo counties of the state, 
it was impossible that every county could be represented by an organized 
companj^, and Porter coiintj' was one of the thirty ^\-hieh failed to secure 
such recognition. The j'oung men of the county had sho^ni their wil- 
lingness, however, to auswci they.' country's call, and had the war lasted 
long enough to make another ^all for troops necessary, there is little 
doubt that Porter countj^ would have made as en^•iablc a record in the 
Spanish- American war as she did in the War of 18G1-65. 

On Tuesday evening, July, 1898, there was a meeting at the 
mayor's office in Valparaiso for the purpose of oigaiiizing a local United 
States sanitary commission to look after tlie welfare of the sick and 
wounded. I. C. B. Suman was cho.sen pi'esidcnl of the connnission; E. 
E. Small, secretary; Claus Specht, treasnrt'i:, and Ihe other members 


V'!'/'I(r> ,K-i' 

■^r.n 1-r! , .. 1. '■' ;r I"; I ... 

.'n-'ljlwCi ■■■: ■-.; 

•70-^ :jilf ■■■! ,1"'. 

,<li!.); ■:;.! V'.-.-^ liV.y 

1 ./'' V 1 1 1 , 

' .' 'If,'- 

■ -I'H-i ..-^ ,.)? Si;,' f„ :• ,;:,■ ■ ,. ,;,- 

^'.f! !:; :.,.-'.■■ , .„., .....i .^il-ir -ipl. ^..rtrwj' 
'-■^i;';:'^ '■''•■■'"'■ ■■ A.. ' '' '.,••'■ '• ■ .- -r. rq ;.:;■ ■t.-'r iir:(.,-((;((l«7 ; 
I'll'. ;<■■ ■ .'; '-i ,!kL-^.. H I. I'll >;-;.■! :;! ii.>!c:«iiUiji;o 
.11 ;•■'•!,;, ill!'. (M ■;)! lo ii, ■'■; ,.;■[ ,'v-/.:' > ;;'w-' ii«Ut>fri .f'f .J .i 
f'; .('lin::. ■., -.r;r^ ..■: : .. ^, r;:i. •■■vil ..lii'- i'-^::; r:!i..lL'> , V-i;-!yivriH 


were: "William Freeman, W. L. "Wright, Mrs. N. L. Agnew, Mrs. II. B. 
Brown, Mrs. J. E. Hall, Mrs. E. Ball, Mrs. H. M. Beer, Mrs. IT. M. Buel, 
Mrs. J. S. Louderhack, Mrs. J. "W. Blam, Mrs. Aaron Parks and Mrs. 
David Turner. The newspapers ol' the eily urged the juMiplc to mukc 
liberal donations to aid the Commission in its work, bnt not long atlrr it 
was organized peace negotiations were connnenced and it ne\er had an 
opportunity to do mueh active work. 

Some years after the Civil war, the Indiana legislature jiassed aji 
act giving boards of county commissioners in the several eountics of the 
state authority to appropriate money for the erection of soldins' nionn- 
ments. About 1891 the Grand Array posts in various seetions of 'the 
state petitioned the legislature to change the law so as to juu-jiiit of iln- 
erection of memorial halls as well as monuments. In this: woih ( 'iiaj>l,iiii 
Bro'wn Post, of "\''"aIparaiso, was a pioneer, some of the uu'inhcr.s going (o 
Indianapolis and devoting some time to seciaring the change. The hnv 
was amended, and in Febi-uary, 1893, the members of Chaiilain Brown 
Post started a subscription list to secure money with which to erect a me- 
morial hall in Valparaiso. The county commissioners had purchased the 
lot fronting on Indiana avenue, immediately south of the county jail, in 
November, 1881, for $1,750. The board now offered it to the Grand Ai-my 
post for a site for the hall. An association was organized and a charter ob- 
tained from the state giving it authority to raise money and build a hall. 
Of this asociation E. M. Burns was president; John "W. Ehim, secretary, 
and Aaron Parks, treasurer. Several thousand dollars were subscribed 
and the asociation employed an architect to make plans for the building. 
►"When these plans were submitted to t^ commissioners tluy decided in 
favor of a larger and more pretentious building, and new ]>lans wcii' ac- 
cordingly made in conformity with their views on the subject. TJimn 
the adoption of the plans, the board of commissioners ajjprojiriaicd 
about $2,000, which, added to the fund raised by the old soldicis, was 
thought to be sufficient for the completion of the hall. Sonic indelilcd- 
ness was incurred, however, and in 1901 this indebtedness \\as assunied 
by the count.v, the commi.ssione)'S issuing bonds for its li(|iii(l;il ion. The 

(TAW '^ 

'■ ' '■■ ■■■ ' : '!:•! ,/■!:. 7' :')/ -li ;i, ' - ^Xlif: , .a:-' .:'r l-i^ <,t 

■I- '-■ - ••: '[ ■■-".U.lVVi 

■ ■■<■ ■ > ■' : I '! O" ^.!; iM Wn! ;.!i,t «);,;!i; il" .■■ 

'■■-'^ :-. ' ■' •• . >rif ;;!■ .v)n-,.'r-. ■>■, ,■■, !' 

,:■...,•■;' ■>,■: ,., 1 :(,! ,.,^r.,, . 
i,!i J. •-■■ir^ u' '•liri ' 
v,l' ..v..'.rv..j o:i.i , ,, ... 

■•; •...■; '.■ 'ifij ''.0 j'ffrioa vl 

i.' ■■•■t-i:.;':. ., »■ 

■•'.1' I."' ■. ■ Ji- ■''M.Ui cifiju r.<I 
'': '; i ' ■■ ' , -1! ;''io;j ^ifc^ifftKii.-.. 
■• ■■ ■"■ ■ .-:■; ■■' :: ■) ii; v,,if,i:.,fi iitioxtft.' I 
'' > '■-iu''i' ■>.'; MO fivrjrv ^r•J/^) iT^i?/ . ,„. 

.". '. .^I'^t' !• :■',- ';:f' 711 r<oxiijj-j 


building was then turned over to the county, the Grand Armj"^ post re- 
serving one room on the ground floor for the use of tlie Woman's Relief 
Corps, a room on the second floor for a post hall, and the privilege of us- 
ing the main hall once a year for memorial services. Bj^ this means the 
old veterans of the great Civil war are assured of a home for their meet- 
ings, and after they have answered the last roll call the building will 
remain as a monument to their valiant deeds during the dark days when 
the Union was threatened with disruption 

Porter county is an agricultural county, and as a rule the military 
spirit is never so )nanifest, in times of peace, in agricultural communities 
as in the larger towns and cities, where most of the militia companies' 
have their existence. But the farmer boys are not lacking in any of 
the qualifications that go to make good soldiers — courage, a ready sub- 
mission to discipline, hardihood and patriotism — and when the occasion 
requires they are ready to cease their labors upon their farms and take 
their places among tfie country's defenders. This was demonstrated 
in 1861, when Porter county was one of the first in the state to raise a 
company for the preservation of the Union, and the record her gallant 
sons made during that great internecine conflict forms one of the bright- 
est pages in the county's history. 

(r-.:f-,',' a:'fif> ifi-fi -^!lt JiniTliij •/•'I',:, 

v-cu.;!!:!' ■),li i'[u-i ;; /n itn. .7!m; 
-i'jjii /!-...>f .•: . - .-.■ril.;,;)— ?.-!'.ur.)-i,> i'l.'Tj 
















Ill the cliapler relating to Settlement and Oi-ganizatiou, will be found 
Tlie order oP tlie board of county commissioners, issued in A]>ri], 183G, 
dividing the county into the ten townships of Lake, Jackson, Washing- 
ton, Plea.sant, Boone, Center, Libert}', Waverly, Portage and Union. 
In the years following numerous changes were made in tjj.5, boundary 
lines, some of the original townships have disappeared; new ones were 
created and again disorganized, until 1880, when the present twelve 
townships were established. 


1 I ... • - - S'' 

( .i'-r/i>( Mjit n-:>i\>, t>;';i' Ktii't ,1; . 

Of I 

HISTORY OF POKTEi; (;()L^\T^■ ll>7 

At tlic May meeting of the board in ISiUi. only oiw month after the 
creetion of the first townships, the nortlieni Iwmmhiix of i'lcasant towu- 
sliip "was exteuded west to the center of the great msirsli dividing Horse 
and I\Iorgan prairies," and the western houndai'v extrndttd from that 
point "south with the center of the raarsli to 1lic K;lnl^•al^l>c river." The 
eastern bouudarj' of Boone township was lixcd "a1 (lif west side of said 
marsh." In June, 1836, the citizens of Lake and Wavcrly townships 
presented a petition to the board asking tliat the two townships be 
united. The commissioners granted the pctilion, Lake and AVaverly dis- 
ap]ieared from the map of Porter county, and th(^ tei lilory comprising 
them was erected intc the township of "Westelieslei-. 

The following year the west half of seetiou 29, township 35, range 5, 
was taken from "Washington and attaclied to Ccnler. In March 1839, 
the west half of sections 17 and 20 in the same towusliip and range was 
likewise taken from Washington and added to Center, but in May 1840, 
all this territory was restored to Washington towusliip. 

By an order of the bJard in March, 1838, "all the territory of Por- 
ter county west of the marsh dividing Morgan and Horse prairies, 
and between the line dividing townships 33 and 34 and the line divid- 
ing townships 34 and 35" was organized as Pish Lake township. The 
name of this township was changed to Porter in June, 1.S41. In March, 
3841, townsflij") 37, and fractional township 38, in range 5, were taken 
from Westchester township and erected into a new township called Berry. 
Tiiis arrangement did not please the people of Westchester, and at the 
June term they presented a petition to the board setting forth that the 
-^vision of the township was "injudicious and uncalled for, and is incon- 
venient for the citizens of your townsliip generally," and asking that 
the oi'der be revoked. This petition was signed ])y Eiios Thomas, W. P. 
AVard, Guffin Hulbert, William Knapp, Jolin :\til]ind ,Williain Coleman, 
David Price, William P. Jacobs, Brazilla ]\lillard, Rufus Pierce, Joseph 
Clark, Daniel Hulbert, Henry Ilageman, William Tliomas, John Thoma.s, 
Allen Blair, James Thomas, Samuel Wlieilrr, Tliomas Frazier, Vincent 
Tiiomas and Edmund Tratebas. After heai-iiig the petition, the board 


''^y.'ur_> ;i:ii;i.; : 

mi' ■■<:i;'\r. ■Uci-c. ^cc ylnr. .:<,'! n 
-n7/ot .'iu.>j:'I'i U- /.•(' (.inoff trc»t' 
Of^'oil tin /ji/i'. ,\-' :■■■ tHjijj ,flt '!,: 

'■■' .■■■!'- .!,Yr,; ,y/, t ,;ii ,,,^;i; -,,,ii>(. 

Xtl'^l •/;;;■ ;;; .1;,.; ., „;ay' , ,^: ,■;,',« ;..,fr 
-•'.i'; :;■ .-in*:!-; ..: ■>>;; ;(;•■ .■•;,vi .;• .,,-;!.' 
I---;:' -i' ■,::) ;..:,. •:: (,,.,, fl. S-lil^ct.- 

fija;/ trl .;j,iir. ,., ,.■■1 


ordered "Tliat the above petition In liiantci], and tliat the order for the 
division of Westchester to\\ii.sliiji, ami ior the establishment of Berry 
towTiship, made at the March term of llii.s boai'd, 1841, be rescinded, 
and that the elections hereafter l)c held ai foriiicr place." 

It was at that term tliaf the name of Fi.sli Lake township was 
changed to Porter, and the ImuiidaiN lijic Ijflwcon Pleasant, Boone and 
Porter was fixed as follows: "Coinini'iuint;' at the northwest corner of 
section 2, townshii^ 34, range 6 ; the)ice soutli to the southwest corner of 
section 14, township 33, range G; thence west on(t mile, and thence south 
to the Kankakee rivei*. " 

Several changes were made at the l<'elirnaiy term in 1847. "Section 
1 to 6, inclusive, in township 36. all of township 37, and fractional town- 
ship 38, range 5, were taken to form a, new toMiiship to be known as 
Calumet. This included all of thr pli'M'iit tfiv.nship of Pine, a strip 
two miles wide oft' the east side of Wcstclusli'i', ;nid two square miles 
in the northei-n part of Jackson. At tlie same time Westchester township 
was defined as including all of town.shijj 37, range 6, and the east half 
of township 37, range 7. Liberty townsliii> was given its present form 
and dimensions, except that sections 1, 2, 3 and 4, township 36, range 
6, then belonged to that township. These four sections were given to 
Westchester in December, 1852. In June, 1847, Westchester township 
was redjiced in size, "all that part lying west of the line dividing ranges 
6 and 7, and sections 29 and 32, townsjiip 37, range 6," being attached 
to Portage township. 

A petition was presented to the board of connnissiouers in August, 
1848, asking for the erection of a new towusliip to be composed of ter- 
ritory taken from Jackson, Liberty, Westchester and Pine, but a deter- 
mined opposition developed and the board refused to grant the petition 
and issue an order for the formation of the township. No more changes 
were made until in February, 1850, when sections 29, 30, 31 and 32, 
township 37, range 6, and sections 25, 20, 27, 34, 35 and 36, township 37, 
range 7, were added to the townshij) of Portage. These sections con- 
stitute a strip two miles in width across the southern part of the present 

Jv.,b,..i:-..-.-, 'i-f Jtyi 'rr ■ ' ; :i '■ !■" .• 

tiij.7 qalbn ;._-i '^-in^i i- 1 >■■ "^ ■ u •' ' 

1" -i-iii'i'^'i .'rti'-J'-i'lUiiM'. Ill i»l ;! iiii^. ■)■ !'■ 1; 

,;i;u,.-: -..,.Mf. [,Ovr -ui,: ■!...;. w. .•; !) , 

r,:,,. .. ,r U-.: ■-( ]"•'■:/ . I'.::''' : ■'!; ■'- 

.:..■ ;.,.M,.,i -ri OJ vSi!-;:--''- ■- ■ • :'i"'^' 
r.'i., .■ .,!t] V. ..,.;:-.<.-. - 1,-. ■ ; li 

OJ- !;.,■;■-; /•■■■'•- HiiJC:.-', i'mI 'i-toc! T .■(. 
1,:,;!' ■■' ".'JJUiii " .0 -i-jiM.i ,"-.• Hir'il/t i.'] 

;-,";;ijA ti' .-.I'jcroiaairniiioa '' j hioJ o;.l 
■11/1 i 1 b'V.i-'^j'.noci 'I ' ot i];ii>ii '.'1') v/mu 

p,-r,ifiiith 010SU oVi qltf ■A'.oi oiU ' 


township. At the same session of the board Essex townsliip was rnalcd 
by taking a strip one and a half miles wide off the east si<k' of Moiitau 
township. Essex was so named for the vessel commanded by Coniinodore 
David Porter in the War of 1832. As originally crealcd it contained 
but niiie square miles, being a mile and a half wide from c;ist 1o west 
and six miles long from north to south. Subsequently the wcnlcni l)i)uu- 
dary w^as extended to a line marking the center of townsbip ii-J, llius 
giving it an area of eighteen square miles. 

Pine township was established in June, 1852, when "\Ves1i; .ster was 
divided "by a line commencing at the southwest corner of seetioii 5, 
township 36, i-ange 5, thence running north on the section line to Tjake 
Michigan," all the territory east of that line being allached 1o Pine 
township and that west of it remaining as "Westchester. 

Sections 23, 26 and 35, township 36, range 6, were added to Porter 
township by order of the board in March, 1855, and no further alterations 
were made in township lines until in March, 1864, when for some 
rea.sou a strip a ciuarter of a mile wide and a mile long — the east half 
of the east half of section 30, township 35, range 5 — was taken from 
Center and added to Washington. This strip was restored to Ccnler in 
December, 1868. In September, 1864, sections 3 and 4, to\\nship 36, 
range 5, wcjre taken from Pine and added to Jackson. In 1880 a petition 
signed by sixty-seven citizens of Essex and Morgan townships was pre- 
sented to the board asking for the consolidation of the (wo townsliips. 
Essex was accordingly abolished, the territory attached to I\lorgan. and 
since that time there has been no change in township lines. The twelve 
townships of Porter county are Uoone, Center, Jackson, Liberty, Morgan, 
Pine, Pleasant, Portage, Porter, Union, Washington and AVestcheslei-. 


Boone township, situated in the southwest corner of the county, was 
created by the county commissioners at their first meeting in April, 
183G, though the boundary lines were changed several times before the 

Vol. i—n 

I :■ .-!' '■ • :.:■ :■,,;■> 'v;l( fin •,!,(■.■/ ., 

■'■■:'■ ': '-•■ i'/'^r' -.f/iv/ "'!:•! i; i,:u; -1(111 K >!:i' "f .-■ ■ ; •i';:.(':;i: 
I"'"' '■ ■• ' /' '.' '■ y. l:li[Yji'.<'\n'< .i'r 

■ I':.. .-':■ i^i^uv -, •;.-. -.iiMvy ml) -^i. 

.a-ililll ■•■Iri' 

.'■ ! :'•>'.-■ '■• ■'■:.','■! >br/i, ■\: .ii'.i 'litj ifi ■jM(-H;.-;tii;."?.v ■it':' ,1! Y^i'i ' 
f ''.'('i. ; )!■ i',.'( .1.'; 0:. ''J.;; .(I'-iU ,;| r;H,U Ji ■ ■)•>"■';») ',•;! 

; -. ■'•■■ i.i' .. .'.'-'j' .ilff.iU n: i'lnii 

I'll' ''•'' ' 'ii- ■ "riOi I rii II l)ii;, ob!7>' -iijr 
■!'' . : !.,t ,^1,., - -(,! ^':'j.;t;- ( ,.^;; qi'r-i, (•//,■,■: 

:i ..:■;>; , " ■;. .,i I'o;.-.',,-', . , [.v,r. ' 

•■■>i| .■,.; . (!:■:-: 7;,j ,,:,•;•!, ■(.' ',-L. ,;■, 

,^': ^- ;■ ^ : '• i ,ti(.r)|-:;.' /I.M'. /J ,or .^ > 

fii..v vja- ■ M)D "to ..xnoo Jatw . 
,ii'f;' ij' ■;.^; i.;ii.i Jaii* T<',ii-|t .th n'l 


township assumed its present form. It is hounded on the north hy Por- 
ter township; on the east by Pleasant; south by the Kanlcakee river, 
which separates it from Jasper county, and on the west by Lake county. 
Its area is approximately thirty-six sipiare miles. The surface slopes 
gently tow-ard the Kankakee river on the tioulh. At first, the township 
was a fine prairie, with fine groves of timber scattered liere and there, 
soft maple, elm, hickory and black walnut being the principal varieties 
of forest trees. Some of the land lies iu the Kankakee swamp region, 
but by scientific and systematic ditching much of this land has been 
reebumed, and practically the entire township is under cultivation. 
There are no mineral deposits worthy of mimtion, hence agriculture is 
the principal occupation of the inhabitants. The soil is above the aver- 
age in fertility and large ci'ops of hay, cereals, potatoes and other vege- 
tables are raised. 

. The first permanent settlers in the township -ivere Jesse Johnston, 
Isaac Cornell and Simeon Bryant, all of whom came in the year 1836 in 
the order named. The next year Thomas IDinwiddie, Absalom Morris, 
Orris Jewett, Solomon and James Dilley brought their families and set- 
tled near those who had come the preceding ^ear. Other early settlers 
were John Priu, Thomas Johnson, Jennings Johnson, Frederick Wine- 
inger, William Bissell, George Eisley, William Johnson, A. D. McCord, 
John, Moore, John W. Dinwiddle, John Oliver, Amos Andrews, Joseph 
Laird, T. C. Sweeney, E. W. Palmer and a man named Bricer, all of whom 
had located in the township by the close of the year 1837. 

When the board of county commissioners established the first town- 
ships, an election was ordered in Boone for the last day of April for 
one justice of the peace. This election was held at the house of Jesse 
Johnston and seven votes were cast, of which Mr. Johnston received six 
and Aschel Neal, one. Another election was held at the same place on 
September 24, 1830, for one justice of the peace, when John W. Uinwiddie 
•was elected without opposition, receiving the seven votes cast. At this 
election Jesse Johnston was inspector; Jose])h Laird and William 
Bissel were judges; John W. Dinwiddie and Isaac Cornell, clerks. 

.;.,,;,, ,1 -,;!■ .;,:-ii W-, .liipn, 'Jilt r:'> -'ovr-: 

_ ■'i-.H,, vfus .:j.tin fi.i . -.iKh 

7^:^<f ui ■ ,■ i.f ': 

lui li'qA 1'. .'.'■'■■> t4i''l ■'•- ■'■'"■ ^'^''^'^ t^f • 
.>,,.! (., .,!.,, ..!! !., '.i - ■-. V tM.:''..b .. 
/.;8 b''','i'ii-j' iioirtjiilo'.- .il/ - 'inw ^''^ ,*-"'■■ 
n-^ fj^:;I'( LI liJi'r! -"''I . ■• '' '- *^'''''' 

•v|>ri/a'.iU .V/ .iii"T. noii'i/ oaau 

<.i:\S :.l, Jgiii v,i')7 i!v." - -At yhivb-iST . 

...:...,;, "...ion ■>.,;./T ! 


Besides these five members of the eleetioii l)oard, the only two voters 
were A. D. JMcCord and John ]\Ioore, tlioiigli tliere were then in the 
township twenty men who were entitled to vote. 

The first birth was that of jMargaret Bryant— April 16, 1837. Har- 
riet Dinwiddle, the youngest child in a large family, died the same 
year and was the first death in the township. The first marriage is be- 
lieved to be that of James Dilley and Sarah Richards, though the date 
cannot be ascertained. Orris Jewett, one of the early settlers above men- 
tioned, was a blacksmith, and for several years his shop was the only 
one in Boone township. The few settlers Avho brought then- families with 
them felt the need of educational facilities for their children, and In 
1837 they erected a log school house of the most primitive pattern in 
which a school was taught in the fall of that yeai-, but the name of the 
teacher seems to have been forgotten. A Presbyterian church was or- 
ganized in July, 1838, by a minister named Hannan, and after a few 
years the old school house was abandoned and the churcii building used 
for school purposes. In 1840 a second school house was built about a 
mile and a half southwest of the present town of Hebron. It was also a 
log structure, about 18 by 20 feet in size. The third school in the 
township was built on the northeast corner of section 15, township 33, 
range 7, in 1842, and Mary Grossman was the first teacher. Two years 
later the building was burned. Some of the early teachers were Ellen 
Hemes, Amos Andrews, James Turnei", Eliza Russell, Sarah Richards, 
Rhoda Wallace, George E.spy and Alexander Hamilton. ]\Ir. Hamilton 
afterward studied law and became a prominent attorney in the city of 
"4-!hicago. The first frame school house in the township was located two 
miles east of Hebron. In May, 1853, a meeting was held for the purpose 
of determining whether a special tax for the support of- free schools 
should be levied. Fourteen votes were cast, ten of which were against 
the levy and four in favor of it, so the proxiosition failed to carry and 
the old school system was continued in operation. In 1854, the highest 
amount received from the state school fund b}' any district in the town- 
ship was $43.00, and the lowest was $12.62. For the school year of 

■:■. .;cv O'l/l wjr.u -.:'1 ,>i'i,\oi' l•^■n■h)r>l■^ ■jtU v> ■■<'. 

•."ft i;i i);''''; •'•:-i'. '.i-j;.it ''Ji;!!!! .'v!DoT/!' i;;l'><j 

I*' ■■ -.1 i/;!!t'll.' 'niH 1. 

.•fi;;^.^ ■!.'■ '■■' h!. ,.;li:jiK'' ■,■-;■> ■ '■: i;t 
■:ii ■■>.{ ^ ;..i- m:;'- Js'ij' a\"'' i;:,i,'!;v,. 

.,:■... .;> ;.,....:.* ' ■■■•i):.;:i riru^a !> 

^ijl> ..ill iW : ij J'V-; ill.' ;■•'•.»■/ ff.I'j ,':^« l.^'v 
:iii'- :^--.niM,;;t ;i4 It 'i(;:..f,.T ( -' 

';r a.; .I'TiL;.'!'! .;>!» •..»:: ;-, 
l': I, !■;!■..: ■•t'iJ'iniri . tc:''rii i.l! '■> •-'^>;i 
.^l ■;:• •c;'.;,^ -I t:ir' ,.:;■>,• -.,{,; w. M ,;; ; ,. 
-■I.) -:i>-// i('-.:iii.i-' ,,;.,-. ijvir::--!') y. .ri'..?;...;: 
7r''t >: ■i:;*'tR ...t:. .aicv-ii'iTi h-i 

i; ;!;Cii.i'; t':?'ii .ir^f •■■:"oH lOv; 

.1, iw'ft lU.vr )! .lr^. "'.■"'' 'lo . "■ 

•-1'!; \.. \vuc'(t i.iv^■i•i■. i '..if-' -'■•!'" .'iyVr. 

: 'WV. y\-,-ir -•■• 
'. Usii-'i ' .' ;'»■: 
!■ , ir.f'!' .■}']/'. .no]'.'-r,i. 
■■) V li . :.(lr ac v,>ii-u .tti; .,i. ■ , v, 

■J ■' ! !;■ ^v,.<<i ^e-//- ■;;!f;-,nv^o' -.ill ,;■ :■; 

.::'y,ril.-j ".If -I'.'l .j1 
rrldiH-)'? O"-'^ •'•to ^1" 

J:iai'ij.'r. .: iv ibiil '• '1o 1 
(rir. yc;.; ■ oJ f'sfi- ' noi. 


1;J2 HISTORY ()!•' I'OliTKi; COUNTY 

lilll-12 llierc wcru ciglit IcjuIh rs niijiloycd in the Hebron high school 
and five in the disti-ict selionls. In the high school M. E. Diusiuore was 
.sii]ierintendent ; Elizal)eth rallon, |i)jii(i])al ; and the teachers were ii. 
M. Hamilton, Thomas G. Scott, i\lagyie Rex, Neva Nichols, Emma Mor- 
.gan and Hattie Feltoii. Outside of tlie liigli school the teachers for the 
year were: District No. 1 (Maloui'). Cii-ace Ling; District No. 2 (Ayles- 
worth), Ruby Wood; District No. (5 (Bi-yant), Edna Dilley ; District 
No. 7 (Tannehill), Bess Ilawbnmk; District No. 8 (Pryc), Mabel 

At the time the first white ineii came to Boone township, there were 
still a iinml;:n' of Indians liviir;- there, and in a few instHuces they 
showed a disposition to make trouble for the settlers, notwithstanding 
they had ceded their lands to tlie United States in 1832. A story is 
told of how old chief Sha\v-ne-i|no-ke came to the cabin of Simeon 
Br3''ant one day in 1836 wliile the "men folks" were abseirt and de- 
manded that the white men varate the Indian "hunting grounds." 
Takiug a piece of chalk, the old chief drew a rude circle upon the floor, 
and then explained in the Indian tongue that all the land within a 
radius of five miles belonged to the people of his tribe. As Mrs. Bryant 
made no move toward giving u]i her frontier home, the Indian grew 
incensed, and seizing a butcher knife threatened to kill her if she did 
not If ave immediately. The \\oman 's screams awakened two large dogs 
that lay asleep in the cabin, and this fortunate circumstance doubtless 
saved her life. The dogs attacked the Indian with such vigor that his 
designs upon Mrs. Bryant were thwarted, and as soon as he could get 
away from the ferocious animals he beat a hasty retreat to the Indian 
encampment. A few years lalei- llie I'ed men were removed to their 
reservations west of the Mississij)])! livei-, leaving the white men in un- 
disputed possession of their homes. 

For a quarter of a century after the first settlement, the population 
increased but slowlj', with the exception of a tide of immigration in the 
latter '40s. Dr. Griffin, who settled at Walnut Grove in 1838, was prob- 
ably the first phy.sician in the township. When the railroad came through 

il.'iii )iir((;-.)i 'Jill Al :■■: '■■'[■ ' ■ -' '■'■■'' '•"!' '■■' '■'' 

, .•!: :7,!i iT^r-' ■!■''> ■'))'■•■ - ■■ '•■ - "" ■''■ 

■ -I'l ,'i.^ y.h .sdni f'vi 'i" ■>'■•[ <\ ■■ • ' 

-( '.U l' -ni :n;I ..} .iwf-ii.-rw;; >■: (.-i :■.. 

.-:i Mi.lj -i.j-ii'' 'JOrtg (U{« i!:'if!;Tf. Oiil ■ 
r *M !u';rO'> Jii '■■■' iTOOa au b-i ' ;^'•'^■' 
I-.,; . ,,.i L." ■ ,jii-.-r -rij-.'/- iu:iii ' '•' ■■. ' ■■'''' 

.,,/ mi-M-^UI .->."; -::'>v 


in 1863 a large number of people came with it, most of tlii'iii sctlliiin; in 
the vicinity of Hebron. Since then the growth has brrii ^'radunl but sub- 

The town of Hebron had its beginning in 1844, \\'he)i .Johu Alyea 
laid out three lots of one acre each at the cross-roads a mile east of the 
Jjake county line, where the Presbyterians had erected a small ebureli 
some four of five years before. The next year a man najurd I'.aglcy l)uilt 
a log house there — the first dwelling in Hebron. That year Mr. Blain, 
the Presbyterian mininster, succeeded in havijig a jjostoflicc located at 
the "Corners," as the place had been known up to that time, and the 
name of Hebron was given to the postoffice, i\Ir. Blain being appointed the 
first postmaster. In 1846 Samuel Alyea built the second liouse and jnit 
in a small stock of goods. His store was about forty yard.s lioiu tbr cross- 
I'oads, but a year or two later he formed a pai'tno'sbip witli E. W. 
Palmer and a new store was erected near the junction of tbc roads. An 
addition was made to the town in 1849 by Mr. James, who laid out several 
half-acre lots south and east of the cross-roads. West of this addition 
the Siglar brothers laid out a tier of lots in section 15 in 1852. In 1864, 
when the railroad was completed "through the town, the Siglars also laid 
out a considerable addition in sections 10, 11 and 15. Three years later, 
Patrick's addition was laid out in the southeast quarter of section 10. 
The first brick building in Hebron was the residence of Daniel Siglar, 
which was built in 1867. Sweeney & Son built the first brick business 
building in 1875. It was two stories in height, the upper story being used 
as the tovni hall. The first hotel was opened by Samuel McCune in 1849. 
»• After him the house was succes.sively conducted by Tazwell Rice, Harvey 
Allen and John Skelton. In 1865 the Pratt House was opened by Bur- 
rell Pratt. About two years later he sold the house to anotlier Sir. Pratt 
— no relation of hi.s — who kept it for two years. The house then changed 
hands several times, being conducted by John Brey, John Gordon, Harvey 
Allen and John Siglar, the last named taking chai-ge in 1879, when he 
changed the name to the Bates House. Henry Smitli stai'tcd a hotel 
near the railroad station in 1866. He was succeeded by a Mv. Winslow, 

■ ((.■■ ';'^ ■:,;'' . l\ ■ ■ 'I KKii Jr,v.;)!;i ■:,' 
.•;vir :;,;.; ■■..!;. .bU^.i (ii E".i:,i'M-/ >'' >' ■■■■' 

i;-> ,>;;■■, '' ■ -. ■; ' > , i ' ,-| i i-/J ? :i,|-(')! , 
::ii- ' ':,..■* '■ ■ ;;-m .n-; ,i TiiLW !;.;:,r 'iT 
.::-!a .1:' •! .■./, irii'l' i./i.iyli ifr ;. 

.:•; '. -y'l-.-.o', ■ ■! lir!^.'.i i( yJLi'.:..' i:r Fi'.: 
•di !■■:;.; ■';ii;' 'm'' ;! :;() ii'Vi', 

■.;:r'l.-. ;.,.■....: ._;. - ' .fif.i;' .■•1 : . , 

,V .,. ,'117/ ;: '. : ;.,-; :, ;..,.r.ti 
'•■'', 'i i-\'-: :- ■. i; ..V I '. ■:o; 

,1 ■:!' --v.- ■-'"il' .<" f;.i'i I ' ,r;[ au. 

: .■;■:.;;■ , .- 1'' l'-.,;vi: 
■iij; 1 /■' :' .'I -J A-. ,. tuiiiju i\u 
j)c-|'^ ■'^■' : '!•• r- "t •v;.,.-.;f i,.;ij ;. _ 

•ivi..n , ii ;iir> aif"" 

,7/0l81ii // 'iK ■ 



and when he went out of business the house was purcliiised hy ;i man 
named Poole, who converted it into a dwelling. The Cential House, 
built in 1878 by John Skelton, was operated as a hotel i'oi' ovei' Iwo 
years, when it was also turned into a residence. Bumstead's County 
Directory for 1911-12 gives but one hotel in Hebron — the Conimercial, 
kept by Otto Wharton. A newspaper called the Free Press was slarlcd 
at Hebron in September, 1878, by H. R. Gregory. The ne.xt \iar I he 

Hkbron Town Hall 

name was changed to the Local News, and in 1880 the publication office 
was removed to Lowell, Lake county. Dr. John K. Blackstonc A\as th(! 
"^rst physician to locate in the town. He was soon followed by Di'- H. R. 
Pratt. Other early phj'sicians were Andrew J. Sparks and Dr. Sales. In 
July, 1838, Bethlehem church of Associate Reform Presbyteiians was 
organized by a minister named Hannan. The Methodists had been bold 
ing meetings for a year or more previous to that date, and a eoi]<^iega 
tion was regularly organized by Rev. Jacob Colclasier in the latter pari 
of 1837. The Old Style Presbyterians organized in 1860; llie Union 
Mission Church in 1877; a Congregational church in 1882, and a Chris- 

,1 ,.v^ :;:■■.,,■ ^j;,), -^^i:, ,: -,!r 
. '-, -^ ,.:i I- .yrrU ■/ I .■ -''■ 

•■' )' I hiih -i-.i 

ik ■'•■rff r'.'.uVi't:--' 

Mn,. ii '.vA ■c'l:. 

rJ{,!'..; .u I'liK ,C'-;P.r .1' liriinl'f 


tian church some years later. (For a more detailed jiccoiinl of (Ikso 
churches see the chapter on Religious History.) 

The first attempt to incorporate the town of Hehroii was in llu: year 
1874. This was followed by two other unsuccessful ell'oi'is. mul il was 
not until 1886 that the town was incorporated. On Aiijiisl 1, 1880, 
a census was taken by Aaron W. Fehrmau, and a petition sigiud ]>y s<'V- 
enty-four residents was filed with the county commissioners pi-aying for 
incorporation. With the petition was also filed a map of Hie projjosed 
town, embracing 186.08 acres in the southeast quarter of scclioii 10, tlie 
southwest quarter of section 11, tlie northwest quarter of sictiou 14, niul 
the northeast quarter of section 15, all in township 33, range 7. The 
census report showed a population of 668 within the corpoialc liniils as 
defined by the map. At the September term the board of coinmissiouers 
granted the petition, subject to a vote of the people, and ordered au elec- 
tion to be held for that purpose on Saturday, October 2, 1886. At Hint 
election a majoi-ity of the electors expressed themselves as in favoi- of 
the project, and Hebron became an incorporated town. Since llial time 
the growth of Hebron has been gradual, the United States ci'usus reports 
showing a population of 689 in 1890; 794 in 1900, and 821 in 1910. A 
number of the leading secret orders are represented in the town, to wit: 
Hebron Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons; Spencer-Baker Chapter, 
Order of th^ Eastern Star; Hebron Tent, Knights of the ^laccabecs; 
Court Hebron, Independent Order of Foresters; Hebron Camp, ^lodern 
Woodmen of America; Hebron Lodge, Knights of Pythias; Hebion 
Temple of the Pythian Sisters; Shiloh Camp, Sons of Veterans, and 
■Walters Post, Grand Army of the Republic. A lodge of tlie Independent 
Order of Odd Fellows was organized there at a comparatively early 
date, but it was allowed to lapse, and the records concerning it have 
apparently been lost. According to Bumstead's County Directory, 
already referred to, the to^vn government for 1911-12 was C(>in])Osed of 
A.. W. Blanchard, president; Roy Rathburn, clerk; 0. B. Ba-I.y, treas- 
urer; I. V. Fry and B. F. Nichols, trustees, and E.F. riiillips, marshal. 
Among the business concerns are the Citizens' Bank, tlie lli 'ndii Tele- 


..'„ 1 '.' .^.i^iU -Mfi r. ■ ■ "' . ■,',,' 

,■ i.-: ■ ■:] >., ,,-' ,; .,•; 

.■■■■ jr.'.ri-..; .--■ :-i7 :>■;,,: ,.M 
II' i!(!'K! - f'i'" <;ki. "'•i''( 7/ flu.,-', 
■ !■ '--%(Min!f:7 v!;ii;o-i '-til Alii \-.V.; -..j 

.T y !■! ■■'•/ ;>;:■?;■■,■ V ;{, 


■ ' •■•■!' .. 1 n\i ,'jlfv' "'; •■ : ■ '*' 

■ i''-_>(," !A ■[MM, i,u-;ii -n iKiO' 

.'■/:b .' 1/rij-iV to Jiflij^ (frtrti.O rfr 

i'''i''i?' ■;■ ' ^1 - ' fc ■:-,L,f)Oi A •'hdi.i. 

-.:!-:■ :■• ' .,.-•.'..: ^ 1, .; ,ir „ 
•'■'Hii ti 'V i,i fi::,ii)rj -iiiMOfj, -nls 1)11 

. '. !' 'rj^:'' ■'.(■iiii..' I &'Li,j;;:j-Mn;-i' o; 

-li'VT ■• 1. .'I :i ,1 ) ; rfal.-i .a 
ir iI; TiiP.i .•iillf'f'T ,■ : 

-/■T :,■■: ■ ; ,Jl ... 


phone Company, a butter and cheese fiirioiy, tin- ilclnon Lumber Com- 
pany, the implement house of A. V. IMiillips, llie luirdware store of 
W. F. Morgan, four general stores, Ibr ('(iiiiiii(fci;il Hotel and the 
Hebron News. There are also livery st;ibK s, jewelry and drug stores, 
a bakei'y, millinery stores, a confectioner. iumI tlie Ioavh has its quota of 
physicians, dentists, etc. The Hebron ]i(is1(.riiic is authorized to issue 
international money orders, and three iin;il (Klivei y routes supply mail 
daily surrounding agricultural disti'icts. 

Boone township is well supplied with tr;iiis|X)rtation facilities by the 
Pittsburg, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Uailroad Company, which 
operates a double track line through tlie township, entering on the east 
two miles south of the northern Ijoundary mid running due west to 
Hebron, where it turns northwest and eiosses the west line of the county 
one mile north of Hebron. Aylesworth is a flag station on this road, 
four miles east of Hebron, and with the exception of a small portion of 
the southwest corner, no part of the township is more than three miles 
from the railroad. There are over twenty miles of macadamized road 
in the to^^oiship, most of the lines leading to Helu'on, so that the farmers 
have splendid opportunities for marketing their produce. 


This township, one of the original ten organized on April 12, 1836, 
was so named because it occupies the ceidral portion of the coiinty. 
Several changes have been made in the original boundaries, and at the 
present time the dimensions of the township iwc. five ndles east and west 
and six miles north and south, 'giving it an area of thirty square miles. 
It is bounded on the north by .thetowiiship of Liberty; east by Wash- 
ington; south by Morgan and Porter, and west by Union. Being situ- 
ated upon the high ridge or moraine that separates the valley of the 
Calumet river on the north from the valley of the Katikakee on the south, 
the surface is undulating and the soil is gejierally of clay, or of clay 
and sand alternately. Marl beds and peal liogs are found in the Salt 

■r <:•('■ I ;i;i'i;i">'! '^t' 

■•it I,-:; l--.!o]l |. „. ,, .. ' „!, 

■ri-y/i', '<«[/) !l,; 

il','i:l .v,ii;((;i!(/,) Im. ■'■:-;■, /^ :-:,i,<ii 1,-; 

,ii3juS 'i;i no ■>)}!); -OiTi; ''I •!,'' r To-f- SJ 



creek valley, and iron ore exists in small ijiKintiiics; near the cit.y of Val- 
paraiso, but none of these deposits has Imth (Ii'V( Icipcil. Flint Lake lies 
near the northwest corner. Bull's Bye or Jiound 1/ake is just west of the 
Chesterton road, about two miles northwest df \'iili)araiso, and Sager's 
Lake is situated in the southeastern suburhs of that city. "When the first 
white men came to the township, they I'onnil ciiiisidciable forests of hard 
and soft maple, black and white walnut, liickdi'y, elm, basswood and sev- 
eral varieties of oak, but most of the native limlier has been cleared off 

' M 


Upper End of Sager'w Lake 

to make way for the fields of the husbandmen. Agriculture is the chief 
ocQupation of the inhabitants, and the crops grown are of the same gen- 
eral character as those of the other to\\iisliij)s in the central and southern 
parts of the county. 

During the Indian occupancy of the region now comprising Porter 
county, there M'as in the western part of Laporte county nn opening be- 
tween two tracts of timbered^aud. To this opening the early French 
traders gave the name of La Porte — •"The dale." Over the prairie thus 
named ran the trail leading from the Kankaliee river in Illinois to the 

U<\' •.) {h-> Jill ■;,< iv ■ ."(I' ■:,; 
i '! ■♦') ■'.^->ri ?«()[ Ki ■i;i/; ! I,,: ,. \\ 

■ 'h . *i iiorfV/ V :; 1 ii;;; I,, , 

■.f!JI >U f.j8;-lu'_t Midi; I i' .(- .^ ! .;;; 


Great Lakes. Later the Englisli eonferred upon it the name Door Pi'airiv , 
and the little town which grew up there took the name of Door Village. 
Some of the early settlers, as they worked their way westward into Porter 
county, passed through the "Door" and established their frontier 
homes, some of them locating iji Center township. At that time there was 
a small Indian village of some dozen lodges located on the west side of 
section 19, township 35, range 5, between the present Laporte ])ike and 
the Grand Trunk railway, less than one mile east of Valparaiso. This 
village was known as Chiqua's To^^^l, from an old Pottawatomie Indi.-m 
bearing that name. Chiqua had at one time been an influential chief in 
his tribe, but a few years before the treaty of 1832 his love for 'ii re- 
water" had led him to indulge in a protracted drunk, and while hiloxi 
Gated his hut Avas destroyed by fire, his squaw losing her life in the 
flames. For his dissolute habits he was deprived of his ehieftnntslii]), 
but a fe-w of his friends I'emaiued true to him, and these, seceding from 
the main bod.y of the tribe, established the village under Chiqua's leadei-- 

Some time in the l9te summer or early fall of 1833 Seth Hull lo- 
cated a claim on or near the site of this village, thereby becoming the 
first white settler in Center township. He remained but a short tiuu',, 
selling his claim to J. S. Wallace and going on farther west. Thomas A. E. 
Campbell tpok a claim east of Hull's, near the Washington township line, 
and built a cabin, but soon afterward went back to New York state, 
where he remained until 1835. Some of the settlers who eame in the year 
1834 were Benjamin McCarty, who settled on section 22 on the Joliet road ; 
Ruel Starr, who located his claim in the eastern part of the tovsTiship; 
"^Philander A. Paine, who built his cabin on the northeast qiuirter of sec- 
tion 23, and his father, who located east of the Salt creek, bridge on the 
Joliet road and began the ereetic^n of a sawmill, which was never finished. 
The same year a man named Nise settled on the northwest quarter of sec- 
tion 24, about three-quarters of a mile northeast of the public scjuare in 
Valparaiso, but soon afterward sold out to a German by the name of 
Charles Minnick. In this year came also J. P. Ballard, who creeled the 

;.;|,7 'u,<,a in OijTi ;;fi> >''>f^' ■?;■'■ 


., ., h 


; .inii. <':i<\ 

,...i;i! (Til-';; ;■•■ ■'•■' ■'■- 

•Mil (10'i-cJ .^91 A ''^^'^ •'■'' '' " ' ■' 
I,., i.u^H ,•^..'.■•■-ri:■^•^■'."if■' 

„;, ;„ IV.,. >>*:.■, Jn;,!':5a .^I.- 


first building within the present city limits ul \',ilp;ir;iiso. Among those 
who came in 1835 may be mentioned ('. A. I'.alhivd, Alansou Finney 
and Samuel A. Shiglcy. The first scttli'd on llir jiorthwest quarter of 
section 25, Mr. Finney located his claim west ol' Kucl Starr's, and Mr. 
Shigley built a sawmill on the site ailcrward (icinpiiMl by William Sager's 
flour mill, the first sawmill in the townsliij) AN'licn Tliomas A. E. Camp- 
bell returned to the county in 18'ir), insliad of inrTccting title to his 
claim in the eastern part of Center townsliip, he bou^'bt out Philander A. 
Paine and settled on the northeast qiiaiicv of .section 23, where he passed 
the remainder of his life. 

In dividing the county into civil lowiisbiiis, llic board of county 
commissioners ordered an election to bo b^ld on iho last day of April, 

1836, for justices of the peace. In Ccnlcr towjisbiii Ihe election was held 
at the house x)f C. A. Ballard. Thirteen votes wei-e jiolled, of which Ruel 
Starr received nine votes and was declared elected. His opponents were 
G. Z. Salyer and John McConnell. At the May meeting of the board it 
was decided to give Center .township an additional justice of the peace, 
and an election* was held at the same place on May 28, 1836, when G. Z. 
Salyer received eight out of fifteen votes. At the presidential election 
on November 8, 1836, General Harrison leceived fifty-nine votes and Mar- 
tin Van Bureji received forty-five. At the state election in August, 

1837, there were 126 votes cast, of wliicji David "Wallace received 101. 
In 1840 the total number of votes cast at the presidential election was 
287, General Harrison receiving 149. This increase in the voting'strength 
during the first five years of the township's history will give the reader 
some idea of the growth in population diii-iii<,' the same period. 

The first birth and the first death in the township are uncertain. 
The first marriage was that of Richard Ilcnthoi-ne to .lane Spiirlock, May 
5, 1836, Rev. Cyrus Spurlock, who was also county recorder, officiating. 
About 1838 a man named Kinsey ])nt uji a wool carding mill about a 
mile and a half south of Valparaiso. It was operated by water power, 
the water being conveyed through a large hollow log to an overshot wheel. 
Mr. Kinsey also put in a small pair of buhrs for grinding wheat and 

5' ,/. .:;,,,■ 

■■'■I ■ -,(,! ir.'liVl' .-.llfii't 

I- ■■■■-■ '■'.: .a ii.i .'.■ 

'ill aai Uj ■. 

:UfVj VI 

■ ^--■'( K^r -Jo 0-:;;.; , .- ,,, : ; . ,, 
;i'(.i-i' i > ;..■:.-,^!?,;'. ■,];• ,.^ ... : 

■ '■■'■ -■■fA f,; ■-,;..■ : , ..;,,'.: , , ^ 

■'.■ .1 ..-,)c,l., ',;;i ,.,f^,^^,. ,-, , ,1, ,, 

''■':■<.■• ■ ^? gfii),).' • i!; ,>: .;,; ' 

.hah. I ■. . ■: , ; ■■:,:';■■ ■ . . , :^ 

v<iJ''t .>i.ii.(-i(/.7J^ 9,111' "f > '■ !c-i.|j [,ii.' 

• •'yw...: -i^iBVf X'f '■"-■;•. = :; ajv^ il" . .; 
.\-yjd:: h.,Ia-xovo ii*; 0! », >; ■, oflm/ ■,y jr.i . 


corn on certain days. A year or two later a second carding niill was 
erected by Jacob Axe on Salt ci-eek, ii short distance above Shigley's 
sawmill. The- flour mill later owiud by William Sager was built by 
William Cheney in 1841. Eleven years later Mr. Cheney and Truman 
Freeman built a small flour mill in the southern part of Valparaiso, 
though at that time the mill site was outside the corporate limits of the 
town. Another pioneer mill was a steam sawmill at Flint Lake, ei-ectcd 
by a man named Allen, though the exact (i.ite cannot be learned. It was 
supplied with two boilers, each tweuty-cight feet long and forty-four 
inches in diameter. In 1863 one of the boilers blew up, the boiler being 
thrown some 500 feet and landing in th'^ mnrsh at the lower end of the 
lake. The remaining boiler was subsci|iiciitly I'emovcd to Valparaiso to 
be u.sed in the paper mill. The flrst taii-yaitl in the township, and proba- 
bly the first in the county, was establishoil b.y a Mr. Hatch just south of 
Valparaiso in 1843. A steam tannery was started by a man named 
Gerber on a lot south of the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chicago railroad 
about a year before the beginning of the Civil war. The entire plant 
was destroyed by fife in 1874, and since that date there has been no 
tanning "done in the city. 

When the corner-stone of the court-house was laid in October, 1883, 
Aaron Parks was township trustee; Temple Windle, John Dunning and 
Morris B.obinson, justices of the peace, and David G. Herr, assessor. 
These officers were elected in April, 1882, before the spring elections were 
abolished by laAV. At that time there were eight school districts in the 
township outside of the city of Valparaiso. In the school year of 
1911-12 there were six districts in the township, the schools being taught 
by the following teachers: District No. 1 (l<'iiiit Lake), Grace Banta, 
No. 2 (Cook's Corners), Mabel Laforee; No. 3 ^St. Clair), Rebecca 
Bartholomew; No. 4 (Clifford), Hazel McNay; No. 6 (Hayes), Stella 
Bennett; No. 7 (Leonard), Kathryn Anderson. 

More than three-quarters of a century have elapsed since the first 
white man settled in Center township, but there are still left a few old 

.11 jiii .a: '' 

■ " r\ rit ■ ^■■1-"'; 

•Jail .-ii' 

■ ■( f. ;, ,: 

•i-itfrti -'li d ^iorMri. '■■■'■ ^u ■'-■< ■'■■ *■• 



persons who tan remember tlie conditions, the labors nud llie amuse- 
ments of those early days. Game was abundant and tlic trusly rifle of 
the frontiersman was depended upon to furnish a goodly iioitioii of the 
family's meat supply. The log-i-olling, the house-raising and the holi- 
day shooting match afforded opportunities for the settlers lo get together, 
and on such occasions there were wrestling or boxing malches and other 
tests of physical strength. The few Indians who rcniaiued in the 
country were generally peaceful, and tliei'e were no hair-raising exjier- 
iences of savage raids, accompanied by burning cabins, murdered women 
and children, or stolen live stock. Upon the whole the life of the Center 
township pioneers ^,•as uneventful. Through the spring and summet 
they toiled amid their crops. When the wheat was threshed — with the 
flail or the old "ground-hog" — it was hauled to Michigan Oily, where 
it was rarely sold for more than fifty cents per bushel. 

Now, all is changed. The market is at the farmer's door. The 
Pittsburg, Fort "Wayne & Chicago, the New York, Chicago & St. Louis, 
and the Grand Trunk railways traverse the county, all passing through 
Valparaiso, and in the township there are more than forty miles of ex- 
cellent macadamized highwaj^, most of the roads centering at the county 
seat. AVhere the farmer formerly hauled twenty bushels of wheat 
thirty or forty miles to Michigan City, he can now take sixty linshcls 
over an improved, modern highway a distance of from two to four miles, 
and in a few hours that wheat is in the great grain mart of Chicago, 
where it commands the highest market price. The log cabin has given 
way to the brick or frame dwelling house; the tallow candle has been 
sHp]'lanted by the kerosene lamp, acetylene gas or the electric light, 
and the automobile now skims across the country where the ox-team was •' "'■ 
wont to plod its weary way. Such has been the march of civilization ''' ■ ^' 
and progress in Center township. Including the city of Valparaiso, ' '>fl';i- 
the population of the township in 1850 was 1,012; in 1860 it was 2,745; 
by 1870 it had increased to 4,159; in 1880 it was 5,957; in 1890 it was 
6,062; in 1900 it had reached 7,222, and in 1910 it was 7,971. 

"i'/;j(r,» 'iiAT'Ao'i MO 

I r'l'.' ri) 

rVK' '■■ . '' :'^!< ■ 'f ,-;t:if.r;:; v.,'a-:ii'.l 
-ll r: ivr. ...^ -A) ■-;•, i: .-!v. -.,1 

..■•■ifi; :■■-; '■.■ <,i...^i,iL) ,;i-<o/ ■■?'■/. 

I' ■.!' !• I .■ '■'■'v,q ilr. 7J0!j0'> -ill' ■:.■■ 
■'■ I '. ■ ■■•U r •■•.01 'i.;>ifj '.>'joni '_)■;■, 
■'. ■ ■: '!: ■:: •..■\hi',.!'-(i aLM". Olil 

. ' i ■' .. ,.' .1 '..iv:l /;it :w^ J \rtUiy: 

-l'i!l,M ■■I'/.l lit .1 '/f jHC/i'.: ''i- '.•■illfJr.' 

o;j.' '.,1 .' Iii J.'Kia riJR-ty Un;':/ '.I 
.■.■-.; -/' trvl:-. ^<,\ i-dV .■ ••r-. J 

• ;■•; i.i.j)-;-" ■■:' i';;;f"A V;!ii(-' 

.i'rf:,T ■ 

142 nisTOJfY OF poirri'Mi corxTv 


•Jacksou township, one of the ea«torii tier, is lioumlctl on tin- nortli 
by the- townships of Pine and Westchester; on the east by Laporte 
county; on the south by Washington townshii), and on the west by Lib- 
erty and Westchester. Its greatest extent iJxmi noiih to soiilh is six miles, 
and from east to west, five miles. The norlhcrn Ijoundary is somewhat 
irregular, two sections in the northeast eonicr luiviiig been given to 
Pine township when it was organized, and one seition in the northwest 
corner has been added to the township of Wcslchrster. The township 
was esta])lished by the first I)oard of county eoimnisfiioneis on April 12, 
1836, and with the slight changes in boundary lines as above noted re- 
mains as oi'iginally created. The area* of the township is twenty-seven 
square miles. As Jackson towiiship lies in Ihc irioi-.-dnir belt,, the surface 
is hilly, and in some places broken. Especially is this true of sections 
IB, 14 and 15, where the many bowlders show the glacial origin of this 
section of the county. On section 16 there is a small lake, some five acres 
in area, the waters of which are quite deep. South of the Cady marsh 
in the same section is another small lake. Through the southern part 
of the township runs the water-shed Avhich divides the basin of the Great 
Lakes from the Mississippi valley. The soil is variable, owing to the 
rough, hilly surface and the glacial formation, several kinds of soil often 
bein^ found in the same field. As a rule, the to\raship is better adapted 
to fruit growing and stock raising than to the ri'gular lines of agricul- 
ture, though in some portions good crops of wheal, oals and corn are 
raised -wathout difficulty. Heavy timber covered the entire surface at 
the time the first settlers came to the to\vqiship. Tin's timber was in the 
way of the pioneer farmer and much of it was felled and burned to bring 
the land under cultivation. After the completion of tlie Wabash and Balti- 
more & Ohio railroads, a great deal of cord wood was slil])ped to Chicago. 
There is sfill some timber, but enough has been wasted to buy all the land 
in the township, had a suitable market been a\ailable in the early days. 
According to the historical sketch deposited in the corner-stone of 


.1!.-' /,-;yV .vJ^.i:i.-t 

.rif ('i 


■'O nl;.,/ 


•■ -7rt . > 


i :.;6.ii!ii 


i^:- .^! 

f'iall ;'>aiJ6-.l •'(•' ■:■ [■."(K' 

.?:t..h . iJ.v V.I) ■ ' '.'■■■ 
5o jacJ2--i'rini>D V .'; ! 


the court-house in 1883, the towusliip was named "for ami in hoiidi- of 
an old settler, Lemuel Jackson." This statement has been ((ucsliomil liy 
old settlers, who claim that it was named for Andrew Jaekson, the Ikio 
of New Orleans and president of the United States at the lime Porter 
county was created. The latter theory is borne out by the follow iu^' from 
the Western Ranger of August 11, 1847: "The strong Pnlnal 1o\viislii)i 
in this county is called Jackson. This is disgraceful. A townsliip in which 
three-fourths of the people are Federalists and Abolitionists should never 
bear the name of the illustrious Jackson ! Some of our friends have sug- 
gested that the name be changed to Tom Corwiu, and we go for it dis- 
tinctly. No name would be more suitable." ■* 
Early in the year 1834 Asahel K. Paine selected a claim and built the 
first cabin in Jackson, thereby becoming the first settler in the lownshij). 
The second settler was John P. Noble, who came in April, 1834, and in 
June H. B.' Woodruff located in the township. 'Befoi'e the close of the 
year the colony had been increased by the addition of Calvin Crawford, 
Joseph Wright, Jolmson Crawford, Samuel dinger, Lemuel Jackson, 
E. Casteel and a few others. A number of settlers came in 1835, among 
them William Barnard, Benjamin Malsby and William Eaton. Pursuant 
to the order of the board of county commissioners, an election foi' jus- 
tice of the peace was held at the house of Asahel K. Paine on April 30, 
and H. E. Wdodruff was elected to the office. Lemuel Jackson, who had 
been elected associate judge, resigned his position, and on Decend:ier 24, 
1836, a special election was held at the of William Eaton to choose 
his successor. At that election forty Votes were cast, showing the steiidy 
ti4.e of immigration, to Jackson toAvnship during the preceding two Vfars. 
Seneca Ball received every one of the forty votes. In 1837 Jesse ]\le('oid 
arrived in the township and established a blacksmith shop on section 2n, 
about a mile and a half southwest of Clear Lake. The first tavern «as 
opened by a man named Page in 183G. It M-as located south of I'age 
marsh, M'hich was named for him, was a log structure, and hail in con- 
nection a large log stable for the accommodation of the horses ridck'n 
or driven by travelers. George A. Garard says this was tiic only tavern 

ii: .:;:_, .,i l.-.liuU oMt ■111 t'-:.';'. ■' .; iiili 
lii -'i iry. . .I'njtl ■•■1 

;i i Hi I'M. ■■.■■■■■:d 

.1 . 

■ ( " 

-; ;! I >■■ ■;: . i V .!■. r;!' ,^ rii'.M.,a( 

iiti/i 1 i.' ihv. L 

.-:<fv .■, ivt r;ffr,'i'.: -Jig ''rii aiini/h ;i^ 

i I., > ■:!' ■ ■■ , ":'>■ ;<; ,;.;■,,.../ % /'Im 

.' V ., . : . •.. ■ ■ ■ "i{« r'Jian-'; ■;;:•; •■■ - 

144 IIJ8T0JJ.V OK i'(ij,"ri-;i; ('(nNrv 

ever couducted in the towji,sliij>, :iiiii iimI u;i.s (ti:;iM.ii!i)ued on account, 
of a change in the road wliicli diviM'!...! ii:i\cl lo unoUu i route. However, 
a man named Shinabarger .si'tlli'd "u \\\<' witc vdwri- Steamburg after- 
ward grew up and opened a hoiisr nl .iiicrtiiiiuiK nl i\.v ti-avelers late in 
the year 1836, though he did not tl.iin] hi kerp ;i ict;ul,n- tavern. Lemuel 
Jackson built a sawmill on Cofree ci'ccl- nl^dul iH-ifi - lin.' first in the town- 
ship — and for some years did a g.iod business in sawing lumber for the 
settlers. Sawmills were built by SiiMiucl Olinj^ci- and Abraham llall 
in 1838. Associated with Hall \vas ;i. man uiiiiit d Dilli^}'. Farther doAra 
Cotfec creek was Casteel's saw and vri'i'l niill. .\\>ar this mill a man 
named Euox started a distillery, Imi. ii was bui ncd in 1849 by^the burst- 
ing of the boiler and was never I'cbniU. Suiilli & Ilcelcri' built a grist mill 
with two run of buhrs for -wheat ami one for eoi-n, on Coffee creek in 
]856, and twenty-five years later ii was the 0)i!>- mill in the township. 

The first school was taught in a \u<j; ea.lnn locati d on section 26, on 
the farm afterward owned by John !'. Wililc. I'lie first regular school 
house was erected in 1838, alwut a inih and a lialf easi of the center of 
the to^mship. It was a log cabin, 16 by IS feet in si/.c, equipped M'ith 
the customary "Yankee firei^laee" ami gr-cascd jiajier for windows. 
Jane Jones was the first teacher in this iKuise. The second school house 
was built in 1846. ,In 1883, when the eorner-stone of the court house was 
Igid, there were seven districts in the township. Tlie liistorical sketch 
deposited in the corner-stone was written by Oliver Stell, who was at that 
time trustee of the township. He was horn in AVarriii county, Ohio, 
December 30, 1816, came with liis parents to Indiana in 1821, and to 
Jackson township, Porter county, in lS-14. In tlie conrsf of that sketch 
he says: "In the year 1882 the acrea^" <>\' wlu-al was l2,(J43; oats, 755; 
corn, 2,468, and potatoes, 150. The mnnlior of iiomuls of pork raised 
was 931,400 ; wool, 4,593, and butter, 36,450. At I lie elc.'t inn of 1882 there 
were 263 votes polled; at the election of 1836 tlaTe wvvi J2 votes polled, 
showing an increase of 221 votes in forty-six years." 

Several small villages .sprang up in Jackson towiishir as the popula- 
tion grew. Jackson Center received its name from the township and its 


;, ;;l1. ■■lit (tl ?i-''i' 


.'!>..'< i 


11 V. -i-'i 

.,; -J |;;-1 •.,'11 

Vi -y-.'hi'j'j .Li! 1.' 

halt !B rfi'W <'i^'' 

I y-lW 


central location therein. A postoffice was eshiMislird Diore in ISHO, with. 
E. H. Johnson as postmaster. The first stoiv thcie was 0]>rni'd l)y J. S. 
Sanders in 1874. Two years later he sold out 1o a I\Ir. Hill, who in 
turn sold to John Sacknian in 1881. Steainliiii;;' was Im-ated near the 
southern boundary, aliout two miles west of 1h'' ]j;i|i(ir1r line. "When the 
Raltiinore & Ohio railroad,was l)uilt, about IST'i. ;i railroad station wfis 
established at Coburg, just across the line in "\\ ashiuLitcin township. The 
people of Steamburg nearly all moved over to the new station, and 
Steamburg ceased to exist. Suman, or Suniauville, is a small station on 
the Baltimore & Ohio railroad, altout three mill s iioi-thwest of Coburg. 
It was established as a postoflice about the timr the railroad was com-" 
pleted, with Col. I. C. B. Suman as postmaster, from wliom it derived its 
name. A store was started by a man named Jones when the railroad was 
built, but npt meeting with the patronage he expected, he gave up the 
enterprise after a few months. Another store was started in 1881 and 
met the same fate. Burdick is the most important village and the only 
postoffice in the township^,, the other offices having been discontinued 
upon the introduction of the rural deliveiy system. It is located on the 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern railroad in the northwestern part of the 
to^\^lship and has a population of about seventy-five. A public school is 
located here, the postoffice is authorized to issue money orders, and the 
village is a trading and shipping point for the surrounding rural dis- 

For the school yeai-s 1911-12 there were nine teachers employed in 
the public schools. In the township high school at Jackson Center Ida 
Reckteuwall was principal and Hazel Bundy, assistant. In the district 
schools the teachers Avere as follows: No. 1 (Quakerdom), Louisa Mal- 
chow; No. 2 (Carter's), Judith Lindwall ; No. 4 (Taylor scliool), Ethel 
Rands; No. 6 (Coburg), Liicy Mander; No. 7 (Rogue), Alia Ilerrold; 
No. 8, (Burdick), Mary Belger; No. 9 (County Line), Carolyn Whitlock. 

School No. 1, known as the Quaker scliool, or Qualcerdom, takes its 
name from the fact that at an early date a nuinber of Fi-iends, or Quakers, 
as they are commonly called, settled in that locality and estaljlished a 

Vol. 1—1 n 

■'i'n"': '"■.■ ;':iOTl^! rr 

tli >■■. 

•■-■ ■"'■ '■■'>'■ '•'■ .i-..-[ VII :■ 

'■'■'■"■ '■'■■"' "'■ "'■''■ :-.--: iilul i>t !,l, 

■;jr 'ic " I. i,!,i.',^ ,:■:(,■ It , 
•T'-'- *<..-■:■; ,'..;, .,ri,-i ,,:.(M y. ., 

,t-..M. 7"-i iS ■,:,ii 


church. It was a double hewed-log structure and was used for a number 
of years as a "meeting-liouse." Little can be learned concerning this 
old Quaker settlement, as the old settlers are all dead and most of their 
deseendanis have removed to other fields of labor. Some years before 
the Civil war, the Methodists purchased the old school liouse at Jackson 
Center and enlarged it by an addition so as to render it available for 
church puri)oses. Chancey Moore, one of the early leacliers, was class 
leader here for several years. 

Two lines of railroad cross the towiiship in a northAvestrrly direction, 
almost parallel to each other. The Wabash crosses the eastern boundary 
of the county near Clear Lake, runs thence northwest to Morris, and 
thence, leaving the township near the northwest corner. The Bal- 
timore & Ohio entei's the township on the south, two miles west of the 
Laporte county line and runs northwest, crossing the western boundary 
one mile east of Woodville. A third railroad — the Lake Shore & Mich- 
igan Southern — crosses the extreme northern part, through Burdick. 
These lines, with the stations of Coburg, Suman, Monis, Burdick and 
"Woodville within easy reach of all parts of the townsliip aft'oul ample 
transportation facilities. There are about twelve miles of macadamized 
road in Jackson township. For some time after the organization of the 
township there was a gradual increase in the population, but in the last 
twenti^ years there has been a slight decrease. This is due to the same 
causes that have affected so nuiny rural communities. Young men leave 
the farms to seek their fortunes in the cities, and othens, lui'ed by the 
prospects of cheap lands in the West, have removed to the newer states 
beyond the Mississippi. In 1890 the population of the township was 
1,009 ; in 1900 it was 938, and in 1910 it had fallen to 894. 


This township was created by the board of county coiiinnssioneis at 
its first session in April, 1836. It lies in the northern jiart of the county 
and is bounded on the north by Westchester to^\ais]iip ; east Ijy Jackson; 

Tv;'::,' ; iIMT-iO'i '-''f 

., , ■! ', .,,1. i;v. '.(; ■■■<".^->Vi3'' ^vi'i'-' 
r..,a. i,„, ;....! u;: •Mw.i.lM'.x 1.1..;-. 

W--1 '-v.-^ 

.,i oi-tr'i. 

. -l.i; \.i .):'■ /-Vt.llU' 

/,.; _.::f -' 

!.', -I'-tii'M 

,,!f " 

M:-! ft u- iS'i p.v: ii 0''',i ii; 


south by Centei", and west by Portage. It is exactly five mill's sinunc jiiul 
contains an area of twenty-five square miles. The surf;ice is j.'('nii;illy 
level, -with some swamp lands in the western and northwislciu jMnlions. 
When drained this land produces large crops of grain and lia.') . Tlir soil 
is a dark loam, running to clay in places. Long Lake, in the soiillK' 
corner, is coiniected with Flint lake in Center township by a iiarrdw clian- 
nel; Coffee creek flows across the northwestern portion, ;iikI S;dl en^'k 
runs along the western border, or rather across the soutliwcsl eoiiur and 
thence along the western border. The latter stream funiislus some 
water-power, and in one place widens to form a pond of cousiderabli' si/.c. 
Originally, the land was heavily timbered with oak, hickory, iiuiple, 
ash, elm, black walnut, butternut, white wood and souh' minor varie- 
ties, but very little of the native timber remains, except in llii' swamji dis- 
tricts which have not yet been brought under cultivation. 

Probably more trouble occurred over the land titles and claims in 
Liberty township than in all the rest of Porter county. Throu^di the 
treaties with the Pottawatomie Indians, the government granted to cer- 
tain individual members of that tribe small reservations, known as 
"floats," varying in size from a quai'ter section to a section, and in some 
cases even more. These "floats" could be bought of the Indian or half- 
breed ownei's for a trifle, and shrewd speculators took advantage of the 
situation to ^Durchase a number of them for the purpose of selling thein 
to actual settlers at a handsome profit. As the Indians to whom they 
had been reserved rarely occupied them, white men located upon thein, 
not knowing the real state of the title. After the occupant hud made 
.some improvement the speculator would appear upon the scene and de- 
mand a pi'ice that was often beyond the means of the scttlei" to pay, or 
his immediate removal from the land. In the one case the speculator 
could receive a price for the land much greater than he had jiaid for it, 
and in the other he became possessed of the improvements niiidc by the 
settler without cost to himself. Several petitions were sent to W'asliing- 
ton praying for relief, but the government was slow to act jind llic jhi-- 
nicious system went on until it culminated in what is known as the 

T/DOM .;!'f'i'H''^i "^10 '■:"■ 'i-liTf 

■ / -(i v\i;r.v.:. :<. '' .rt^is.' n>H '{■'' ■ ■■■■ ' 
■-,»l;-i-.n f..u; a:.'.v.w • ^ ,..•/; vx 

;, ,;^fi;-tO(; . I", ■'>■■>■' 'UHI ■^A^ ^v>-. / '.,•■- 

■ : .I'r. ■■■■ vi!; ;-^n-=.." V .ifti!-; ■;>! ,r.l. ■>>> itn.' 

• ':!■;:•■':•: i-irtKi ■•li' .'iyl;' ■•' .r. i ■ :" ;. 

.'■ ;,r;lli;M ^ Jj.-u ''•y.-U'^''' > ■••■.! ,■ i. - 


A;..\ y-' ; i.(!-..- 

'! -./u::!.!!/ nil H.' 

■ti 'I rn-.'iU 1o "I "''Uj- 

; . ^ .. . ■; ..r;v. mIJ io yi i ■■;■ -i ■■■ 

... ,!.; .■.■•p, ''Ml <y'R'^ oi'r oJf iil -In. 

■^i't -nl : ; 1. ;ir;i->i;r:V01iH; f ^'il- 
yilUI.US' / ■ J JIHr "-jw i'. ii' , 
I III Ml. Sen '"I, ,)t v/c-K K.i"' )i 

.v.- i.-.r', 


"Suavely war." William Ci-uwford located upon one of these Indiau 
tracts — a quarter section in flic northeast part of the township — but suK- 
sequently sold it to William Suavely. A little later Peter White laid 
claim to the land and asked tlie assistance of the law to dispossess 
Suavely. Charles G. Merrick, wlm had been elected sheriff of the county 
in 1838, organized a posse, and, pursuant to the order of the court, went 
to Suavely 's for the purpose of evicting him. Suavely barricaded him- 
self in his cabin, and he and his .sons, well armed, put up a spirited de- 
fense. Unable to gain admit fa nee through the doors or M'indows, the 
sheriff ordered some of his men to cliinb to the top of the house and tear 
off the roof. No sooner had I hey begnji to remove the clapboards than 
Snavely fired through the o])euing and wounded one of the men. This 
had the tendency to .stop acti\e operations on the part of the sheriff and 
his men, and Snavely, thinking lu- had killed the man, made an attempt 
to escape. He was overtaken, captured and taken to the count}' jail, 
where he remained until his victim i-ecovered from the wound, which 
was only a slight one, when \w was released upon payment of a fine and 
a promise to the land. Some years after his death, his heirs 
received a portion of the value of the improvements made by Snavely 
while ill possession. 

Trouble also resulted thi'ough the methods practiced by speculators 
at the public land sale at Lapoite in 1835. The "land-sharks" were 
there with long purses, anxious to get possession of the most valuable 
tracts, not for the puq^ose of establishing homes upon them and bringing 
them under cultivation, but merely to hold them until some actual set- 
tler would be forced to buy at a large; ]jrofit to the original purchaser. 
Liberty township, with its hea\y growth of timber, offered special at- 
tractions to these men. In order to gain an opportuhity to purchase 
the lands at a low price they fre(iuentl.y gave a quarter section to those 
seeking a home not to bid against them. Then by collusiou anmng them- 
selves they "bought the lands for a song." Those to whom the quarter 
sections had been given as bribe not to bid went upon their lands, built 
houses and founded homes. Everj' impruvement of this character created 


,,,[;. ...j .■■■:-\ -jul ''i^ v;f(:;;'ii- 

'V' '.'''l 

n ■■• 

',;,"'.>„'■)-: .fn*^ li.nw .-;o.i !..= >■ ''■) 'C' ■'' 

-!. i.:r)vq^ !.-.-^- .•-'«="* -' ■■■■ ■- ' 

-11! il) s.ioiit.i .-■ub.i.iU"- ■.>-• '■ ''- ■- -'''■' 

.■ ;,(; j;,-jl, 

MJ.< o- 


a demand for othci" lands in the town.ship i ;! gave llie speculators an 
excuse for advancing prices. As most of lii. :. ml in the township was 
owned by the speculators, settlers sonylil c'. - . lsin\here, and Liberty 
was slow in developing. 

Owen Crumpacker is credited willi Iumi:;: <!■■ jii-st settler in the town- 
sliip. He came from Union countj', n. ,'u)a\ 1834, and was soon 
followed by William Downing and Jerry Id.iiii.'ntoi'. During the next 
two years John Dillingham, E. P. CiAc, William Gosset, George Hesing, 
Asa Zane, Ira Biggs, David Hnghavt, S(>lo:iini Ilabanz, John White, 
Abrara Snodgrass, Frederick Wolf, Joliii S.fl'oicl, William Calhoun, 
Daniel Kesler and a few others located wiUiin 'Aw present limits of the 
township. Three settlements were formei! Ky lliese ])ioneers. One known 
as the Dillingham settlement was in the rash i li part ; the Zane settlement 
near the center, and the Salt creek si'ltlemriit in the western portion. 
Soon after his'arrival in 1836, William' I buiU a saw and grist mill 
on Salt creek, and with the first lumber sawed lie erected the first frame 
house in the township. It. was a one-story stiuctiire, about 24 by 32 feet 
in size, and later was used for a churcli ami ■„'liool house. Gosset's mill 
was for years a landmark in that portion "I l\>rter county. The people 
of the Zane settlement patronized Elijah Caslic) V; mill, which was located 
on Coffee creek, just across the line in Jackson icwnship. 

The first death was that of William Ilugliarl's wife, and it was due 
to the escapades of some drunken Indians. One day, in the fall of 1835, 
some four or five Indians visited Joscjili lliiHs's trading post on the 
Calumet river, where they took on a cargo o: "fire-water," and then 
Started out to annoy the settlers. William anii i );.vid Ilnghart, who lived 
together, were absent on a hunt and tin !>;;.. 'is tried to force an en- 
trance to the house. The women, though ha.iiy iiightened,' managed to 
bar the door, after which they sought r^ fiu-i' hi iho loft of the cabin. 
After beating the door awhile with tlicii- tuinaUawks, the Indians left, 
and. none too soon for their scalps, for in a :i,tle while the brothers re- 
turned. Mrs. Hughart died not long aftej'A.iicl i>om the effects of the 
shock. On June 14, 1836, William iri,i.;,,.i> i arried Elizabeth Zane, 

I'i '-i:: ■.;<;>•)"'■ 

.■i"i! :i!!!i; •■<'.' 

•I. , '■•' .l-Jl.;-)!. ■ N 

•1 ^i'''J' 

^--,> ^ '•;> '"jr :i<iv ft. 7 l. i Ci^ .■^■'1.1 

. ■ '■ ■ V "' >'i ' .,1 I I r 

.!i!v;;-. ■;;!! :!o .ti^-. lU •>. ■,■■ -( i ) 
,1hl ?..,-.aI -jifj .!,■,;; i.:* 

,.'Hi.i\ ili-.iiiKxih'i ■.,'•."1 , , ,,_.iTT 

itii''/' ''o i;ii 

»CJ/li R /!• '.'l ..'.i() 

150 lilSTOliV OF POin'Ki; COUNTY 

which was the first wedding in liilicrly t(n\TJship. A wedding in the 
pioneer days was usually llu- occasion for a neighl)orhood gathering and 
nearly always wound up \\il!i a dance. The following story is told of 
the festivities aceoinpan.\ing tlic niarrijige of George Humes and Sarah 
Crawford in April, 1837. 'i'in' ceremony was performed in a log cahin 
about 14 by ij6 feet feet, by 'I'honias J. W.vatt, justice of the peace. As 
there were some thirty or forly invited guests present, and the cabin con- 
tained two beds, besides other articles of furniture, the crowded condi- 
tion of the room can readily be imagined. After the wedding the jus- 
tice and the bride's father c(>l('l)rated by looking too frequejjtly upon 
the "flowing bowl," and in a short time were hopelessly intoxicated. 
The yoimger guests insisted uj)on having "just a little dance," but the 
two dnniken men were in the way. The two beds were piled full of hats, 
wraps, etc., but a bright young woman solved the difficulty by proposing 
to 'roll the two meu under llie beds. Tier suggestion was carried out 
and by this means the larger part of the floor could be given to the 
dancers, who continued the merriment until the "wee sma' " hours. 

In Liberty, as in the other original towTiships created by order 
of the board of county commissioners, April 12, 1836, an election was 
ordered to be held on April 30th. Following is a copy of the election re- 
turns from Libert}' township : 

"At an election held at the house of Daniel T. Kcsler, Liberty town- 
ship. Porter Co., Ind., on the 30tli day of April, A. D., 1836, for the pur- 
pose of electing one Justice of the Peace for said township, the following 
named persons came forward and voted, to wit: Peter Ritter, Thomas J. 
Wyatt, William Downe.y, Daniel W. Lyons, Joel Crumpaeker, Joel 
Welker, John Sefford, M. Blayloch, Fretlerick Wolf, Richard Clark, Wil- 
liam Calhoun, Isaac Zane, Owen Crumpaeker, Iliram Snodgrass, Jerry 
Tot'hunter and Solomon Ilalianz. We, the undersigned Inspectors and 
Judges of an election held at the house of Daniel T. Kesler, in Liberty 
Township, Porter Co., Ind., on the 30th day of April, 1836, for the pur- 
■ pose of electing one Justice of the Peace, do hereby certify that for the 
office of Justice of the Peace, Peter Rillo' got thirteen votes, and Thomas 

!t»r.:.i H 



■■■il /.r; 

:• h[;v:i> It, 

■,,it ^(iV i,.i!. 'D-ias ''-iojiii ;il> /■u.-'i •.- 


J. Wyatt got three votes. Given under our bands this fhirliitli day of 
April, 1836." 

These returns were signed by Jerry Todbnnter, insprckn-, and by 
John .Sefford, Joel Crumpacker, William Suavely and Snliiiiioii Ilabauz, 
judges. At the spring term of court following this elcftion, Daniel W. 
Lyons was appointed the first constable for the townslii]i; -b ss;e IMorgan 
and Richard Clark, oveVseers of the poor; Edmund Tratcbas and Wil- 
liam Downey, fence viewers, and Solomon Ilalianz, suix'rvisur of roads. 
About the same time, Peter Ritter, Samuel Olinger and William Thomas 
were appointed to lay out a road from Casteel's mill, on Coffee creek, 
to Gosset's mill, on Salt creek. The road as established bv them is still 
in existence and follows very closely the original line. Tlie ^'^aIJ)araiso 
and Michigan City plank road, built in 1851, ran throught the eastern 
part of the township, 0)i the line now occupied by the Valparaiso and 
Chesterton road, a fine, macadamized highway, and there are about ten 
additional miles of improved road in Liberty township. 

In 1836 a school was taught in a little log house in the Zane settlement 
by Mrs. Sophia Dj'e. This, it is believed, was the first school in the toMii- 
ship. The following year a school was taught in the Dillingham settle- 
ment by Anna Lyons, and a year later a log school house was built in that 
locality, in which E. P. Cole taught several terms. A school was likewise 
opened in tfie Salt Creek settlement in 1837, but the name of the teacher 
cannot be learned. The first frame school house was built in 1 856. As in 
the other parts of the county the first school houses were built by the 
cooperative labor of the citizens, and the schools were maintained by 
-■eubscription. In 1911-12 Liberty had seven district schools in operntion, 
the teachers in which were as follows: No. 1 (the Phares school), Eva 
Wheeler; No. 3 (the Cole school), J. M. Lentz; No. 4 (the Lindorman 
school), Eda Lawrence; No. 5 (the Johnson school), Nellie Cnuuley; 
No. 6 (the Babeock school), Grace Moore; No. 7 (the Daly school), . 
- Phoebe Hess; No. 8 (Crocker), Coral Toseland. 

Tran.sportation facilities were very meager in the cnrly d;iyw, and to 

i'\ /r..\::r) :A'A\' ■A-y \ "'10 'f i: 
i.i -a;i' il^ ill-'; .■:(lt ,.,i.rj:' ■;;,.; ■!■■;. i;i! \v<r.^} :-',uu 

-.;.(. ill I ■. ' ■ ■■'-'i luiii ';,!:'.' .iliri "iiii'ilV/ ,'i->;:!';;;';:i;i.i 1' ■ 

.'.:■.'- '■•}']' -I ...111 // 'mv. ■' .-4;j;"'l 1-ii.;i:j:K /(^.j 

.' , ■'■■ /' ■..(■; ■-;: •';.;-)'!.. -li^ 
j .<- 1.' -,' ' :.[:,■■ 1:1; i;ij-i .' ^Hi 1(1 1 

'. .V- ■■■':! :•':'' ','oii',f! A .aiir'v! iij'joy- 

.1. , ■ .. " j[ 11: Kir 
'■:'; .■ t iiitr;| ji ;.' ■■■.'jnuoh 'orr' 
/il i,-''.!i.;|.i,'nfil .'I'r.v sk'Qlrya '.:. 

■:■:': J f .,!■., , ,■: •.•M o::l, T ovl ,H 
(11;) rrajiiiLl 'lul, t .0/: ,.»,tl!:jJ -K 
: .;)l:iuri'*' •iiiiT'I /'i<X>lL'a ir ■?. ■ 

,,;!o,.,1-.p ■",;{{ .-.'it' T oM ;--. . 
..; I, I,: ^'.nMj. ■{}'•:.:■■ :• 


supply this deficiency Abram and Peter Stail'oiHl and Dr. Stanton con- 
ceived the idea of building a steamboat to navisaU' lower Salt erode 
and the Calumet river, for the purpose of carrying or lowiiii;- tiiuber and 
produce to the Chicago markets. W. D. Ci'utliers ialur liccanu- associated 
with the projectors, and about the close of the ClJvil war work was com- 
menced on a small vessel, twelve feet wide and thirty fvv\ long. Some 
two years passed before it was finished, but eventually it ^tart('d on its 
maiden trip. The experiment was not the success autieipatcd, and after 
two or three trips the boat was sunk in the Calumet river. Thf pr omotcrs 
were so badly discouraged that they made no attempt to raise the vessel, 
and somewhere in the Cahimet river the fishes play hide and seek among 
the ruins of the only steamboat ever built in Portei- county fcft- the navi- 
gation of local waters. At the present time transportation is furnished 
by three lines of railway. The Baltimore & Ohio crosses the township 
east and west a little north of the center; the Wabash runs along the 
northern border, and the Elgin, Joliet & Eastern crosses tlie northwest 
corner. Woodville, a station on the Baltimore & Ohio railroad, one mile 
west of the eastern boundary, is the principal village of the to\vnship. 
It grew up after the building of the railroad and in 11)10 haii a poi)ida- 
tion of less than'lOO. The postoffice was established there in 1881 or 
1882, and in 1912 it was the only postoffice in the county, the others 
having been discontinued on account of the rural free delivery routes 
which cover all parts of the township. Three miles west of Woodville 
is a small station called Babcock, and in the northwest corner, at the 
junction of the Wabash and the Elgin, Joliet & Eastern, is the village of 
Crocker, with a population of about 200. It is a trading and shipping 
point of some importance, and owes its existence to the crossing of the two 
lines of railroad at that point. 

While the increase in population lias not been great in i-ecmit years, 
Liberty has not been humiliated by a decrease as have some of her sister 
townships. In 1890 the number of inhabitants, according to the llnilcd 
States census, was 855; in 1900 it was 877, and in 1910 il liad jeaclicd 


,H. IV 1'''' 

»;■,■;; Ml 

•Ir-;. •>; 

uit^X U' I'l' <' 



Altlioiigh some of the earliest settlemoits in the eoiiiit>' were made in 
wliat is now Morgan loi'nship, it was not organiz(Hl as (■i\'il township 
nntil August, ]843, when it was cut off from the nortlirni part of Pleas- 
ant. It is exaetly six miles scpiare, corresponding to the ('ongressional 
townsliip .34, range 5, and contains thirty-six square miles. It derives 
its name from Isaac Morgan, who was one of the first settlers, though the 
jDlace where he located is in Washington township. Among the pioneers 
of Morgan may be mentioned Benjamin Spencer, George, Jacob and 
John Schultz, John Baum, Abraham Stoner, Samuel and Abraham Vaij 
Dalsen, Lyman and Elisha Adkins, John G .Keller, Thomas Wilkins, N. 
S. Fairchild, Archie De Munn, Elias Cain, John Berry and William Min- 
ton, all of whom had taken claims by 1837. Steplio) Bartholomew, 
Thomas Adams, Miller Parker, Enos Arnold, G. W. Patten and John E. 
Harris were also among those who located within the present town- 
ship limits at an early date. An old settler is quoted as saying that 
when he oame to Morgan township "there was nothing but snakes, wolves 
and Indians." The Indians were generally peacable, however, except 
when thej'^ were drinking, and even then one would remain sober and 
take charge of the fire-arras and other weapons to prevent his drunken 
tribesmen f rolii doing some one an injury. 

Among the Pottawatomies there was a tradition that at some period 
in the remote past their tribe got into a dispute with another tribe west 
of them regarding the boundary line between their respective hunting 
gi-aunds. To settle this difference of opinion, it was agri'cd by tlie chiefs 
to fight three pitched battles, the winner of two of llicm to fix the bound- 
ary. Old Indians believed the three battles were foiiglit sojiiewhere on 
the Morgan prairie, though no evidence of such conflicts Avere apparent 
when the first settlei's came there in the early '30s. Some believe that 
the old fort on the Kankakee river, mentioned in tlic liisloiy of Pleasant 
township was erected as a place to which the Pol(a\s;iloinies could re- 
treat in case of defeat, but this theory is hardly Icnabic \\licii ojie stops 

'>j.j<y'i ]VA'v:[<y\ x.v ■. .'i y^-^iw 

•tUi:; ^•'..••: // ...■'.,i,- 
111 ■ 'in! ;;' ^'i: Uii- '.i-.- U'''l"\'. ■:.v.\ U. . 

'» r, ].>-. y'v.:- ;' '' ., ..'.■'■>'.■>• '['. ' ■■,;: 

•II Bl 

/i -J 

ir:'^!a;'-i:. ,:'if (i 

;:- hi-„ 

:r|o ?() 'oo-yifti^''- 


iiCi v) i'j;i ' j.i,t';. ■i^^.' •■(;•■■ .,;.;,.! , •■■' 
Jirrii. ] ' :■.■/' , '•■:!■ i. - i-iov ' ■ 'ic- 

lufl! 0"/ .'' 1 ■: n'\'_'. .».•:':'■' •rlu--' •■i\-; _, 

■■'■I Ijllj ' '/.mT' ■ '!//ijil .'i ifi.l i">flfw iji 
r ;. \. ■! •• ■ ,:„ ;!;',. ,i.)l v f! -vl ,' v :no;l r 


to think that the best authorities agree that the I'oUawaloiiiies did not 
inhabit this region until after the Revolutionary war, whilr Ihe old fort 
shows evidences of having been erected at a niucli raili( r dale. The 
probabilities are the whole tradition is a mj'th. 

Game animals were found in abundance by the fij'st .sclllcrs, and in 
the groves were numerous hollow 1/ees in whicli bees had Im'cii storing 
honey, perhaps for years. As late as 1851 Heni'v S. Adams, Rollston 
Adams, Asa Cobb and G. W. Patton, in a hunt of five (\:\yii succeeded in 
killing sixteen deer. AVilh plenty of wild game to fin'riisii nu'at for the 
larder, honey for the taking, and a fertile soil to cuUivalc, the pioneers 
of Morgan township did not sutfer the hardships ajid p)-i\a-lions expe- 
rienced by many settlers on the frontier. Their gi-ea1isl drawbacks 
were the long distance to markets and the prairie firr.s, w liiili often swept 
OA'cr the country laying waste everything that canie in the jiafh of the 

The historical sketch of thei township written by Henry Stoner, 
trustee, in 1883, to be filed with the relics in the corner-stone of the court- 
. house, states that' an election was held on April 4, 18-i:', at which James 
White, Jesse Spencer' and Joseph McConnell were chosen trustees; David 
W. White, clerk, and John Brumbaugh, treasurer. As this date was some 
four months prior to the time when the county commissioners estab- 
lished the to\VTiship of Morgan, Mr. Stoner is mistaken regarding the 
date, or the officers named were elected for Pleasaiit township, of which 
Morgan was then a part'. The official records of this election cannot be 
found, nor can the names of the first township officers be ascertained. 
Neither can the name of the first white child born in the township be 
definitely learned. The first burial was that of a man named Agnew, 
who was frozen to death in a snow storm late in the fall of 1835, while 
trying to join his family at David Bryant's place at Pleasant Grove, 
Lake county. With a wagon load of household and an ox-team he set 
out on the old Indian trail but in a short time the sn(i«' Ix'gan falling so 
fast that the trail obliterated. Unyoking his oxiii and leaving his 
wagon standing on the prairie, he started on foot, but became Ijcwildcred 

■■x\-> V .iO".'ill 


•■i - ;■ .;ti p,!)]!;.: ,>■..■•! ■■:, -■,,;; :'iii;fj cl 

■'■■wj;..'! ■• ..' ,.' I ■•■ 

•I'.'ilt l;',fi;' --'i 

bv;.ri|-', ■■il in.|. 

■■■■• : .;.-. •>■( ir v;.;.. hM{T :-i8<i " '"^ ' ■ 

i:'iCh' !;1 ifo ;''»;. 1'.' t<.ci. -'ij' li-* "tsv w. *. i; i.j;'., r.->i''fs/l 

■■ '1 n: ' :-:-..; '.a .,-; !>■ /! '..iV Iv,,;:,,: ■,; r,-])b 
.1 ill Jif'' fill "■ '■ - i. 1 i"!iU-)Ij " : .■■',-,■": . ,■■ ; orfvf 

..iir. i)ii;il );!::c,! if [jMj; n 
:,'. I'.i -I'.inl I \<>iii: ji ill !l:]: 
'■> i-iti • jiifti/.n j .[/ -jr.'.' 


and iinally f?;ive waj' to the drowsiness that ended in his death. Wlien liis 
oxen and wagon were discovered search was made for his ho(l\ . wliidi 
was found and buried upon ]\Iorgan prairie. Mr. Stoner's (;ornii' stone 
aceoiiut says he was buried in the Adams cemetery, but Rattey's His- 
tory of Porter County says that Mrs. Harriet J. Adams wiis ilic first 
person to lie interred in that burial ground. It may be possil>lc 1lial Ali'. 
Aguew's remains were removed H^am. the first place of burial to tbe cem- 
etery, but the writer has been unable to find any one who could throw aii>- 
light on the subject. 

Near the southwest corner of the tow7isliip is the old place known as 
Tassinong. There is a theorj' that a French trading post once occu))ied 
this site, though when the white men became acquainted with the place 
about 1830, uo traces of the post remained. Some three years after 
Morgan township was organized, Jesse Harper, who later won renowTi as 
a Greenback orator, started a store at Tassinong. A postoffico called 
Tassinong Grove had been established two miles south of Hari)er's store 
in 1840, with John Jones as postmaster. Harper remained but a few 
years, when William Stoddard started the second store at Tassinong. 
Aliout that time the postoflice was removed to the village. Josejih and 
William Unruh, William C. Eaton, Francis McCurdy, Ranker & Wright 
and Abraham ^hart were also engaged in the mercantile business at 
Tassinong prior to the Civil war. In 1852 there were, besides the store, 
two blacksmith shops and a shoe shop at the place, and in 1855 the Pres 
byterians established a church. The building occupied by this congicga- 
tion was erected by the people with the understanding that all denomin- 
ations should have the use of it, though it was known as the Presbyte- 
rian church. When the Chicago, Cincinnati & Louisville railroad came 
through the township a few years ago, the town of Maiden s]irang uj) 
about two miles north of Tassinong, and the old town fell into decay. 
Maiden is a thriving little place, and is the principal shipping and trjidin^' 
point in the township. The only postoffice in the township i)i V.)]'l was 
Liberty View, a station on the railroad about four miles east of j\lalden. 
This town was projected by E. C. Maulfair, of Chicago, who. in June, 

■/rz'M':' :i''i I i:.j'i 


■ 1.!., I,',.', 'itll ^-i 'iLir^r .'.1. -nVi 'io ;■..! -, ■ >:■ v; i mi}- 
■:i' -•• ■; iiu'Linf i-j';- I :; i,;,Ir ';.■"'. .if r; ni ■vroii'; 

■■vl''' ■:!!:;•■ JV.i-'! 'iv '■''■■; '>■.' i" ■";' •) -■' 

r>: ■■- K :.^'w..'i,- , ;'l ',. .. t;, ,i i: ,.1,1 :■. ,-lOjR-l'J 
i;: 'y!'..ia L-u-.-./j ■!;■ 

:t-,-I ,'j-!.-7;- ■ CO^i fiT -i:; V 'i ' ' '■ M 


"fi ) ,r' :q. rfj'.i;:H"-; 

' ' ■ '/j jo (V/iOl iti' . 
l(i Ijll ,M<VO' Dili ('" ■ 


15G HISTORY OP j^>i;rj;i; corxTy 

1909, platted the north sevciily-twu .hmts of llir iiortlicast quarter of 
section 35, township 34, range 5, :iim1 cdiife'iiid \ipon the embryo city 
the name of Liberty View. The jdnt \\:is ,hi],\- rccuided in October, 1909, 
and a postoiYice by that name was jorm .■il'li'i-ward established there. 
The town has not met the expectations ol ils rounder. 

Just where the first scliool in tlie Uiwiisliij) was located seems to be 
somewhat in doubt, though old settler.s ^.ay it was not far frour the old 
"Baum" farm on Morgan prairie. Thi>\' agicc that the house in which 
it was taught was a small log strurtmc, jirobahly 12 by 14 feet in size, 
and that Orilla Stoddard was the lirsi. leach -i-. The second school house 
stood about two miles from the soulh line ol the township on the road 
running east from the present town oT M.ddi'u, and the third was built 
on the old Spencer place near Tassinong. j\Ir. SLoner's sketch, above 
referred to, closes with the staten)eut that "Mfn-.^-an township is noted 
as being one of the foremost agricultiu-al 1ownsliij)S in the county. Its 
growth has been gradual and steady. At the present date, October 
20th (1883), there are enrolled in the nine school districts of the town- 
ship 306 school children between the ages of six and twenty-one years." 
. That was written nearly twenty-nine ye.irs ago. In the school year of 
1911-12, the nine districts mentioned by Sir. Stoner had been reduced to 
seven by consolidation, and in these .seven schools the following teach- 
.ers were'employed : No. 2 (Adams), VAHh Anderson ; No. 4 (Rising Sun), 
Florence Yoimg; No. 5 (Tassinong), Nora McNeff; No. 6 (Bundy), 
Edith Shroeder; No. 7 (Schroeder), Pcail Stoner; No. 8 (Piukerton), 
Olive Donahue; No. 9 (Flitter), Noia Denton. 

Morgan township has an extensi\(' sxstmi of dilclics and al>oat fifteen 
miles of macadamized road. Two lines of railroad cross the towiiship. 
The New York, Chicago & St. Louis (Nickel Plate) line crosses the north- 
east corner, but there is no station on this i-oad \\itliiii the limits of the 
tOAVuship. The Chesapeake & Ohio (Innncrly tlic (Chicago, Cincinnati 
& Louisville) enters near the soidhcasl cormi' and follows a north- 
westerly course, through' Liberty View and IMaldrji, having the township 
about two and a half miles north of tln' sonlhwesl coi-ner. The popula- 

iv./." ,. av 


-:|fjO|( :• rl \'^'ii '1 ■•■11 ' ■ I" ■ .■;;'Ml;f....K ■■.' I 


lion of the last twenty years has been somewhat fluctuating in characliT. 
In 1890 it was 830; in 1900 it had increased to 88-1, and during the next 
ten years there was a decrease, the number of inhabitants in 1910 being 
but 812. 

VTv;:'.) J n:i'r:nn iO Yjio 

II- •■/ •:: V'l! i-'-' '"•"?) .;:;l',v.',; >y i":od y.Jiii 
>''!'Ci Hi ?,?JI.r;'ii.i.;i!.i. i,; 















In the preceding cliajiler liaM' been presented historical accounts of 
the settlement and progress of Boone, Center, Jackson, Liberty and 
Morgan townships. As it is the aim to j^resent the township histories in 
alphabetical order, the first in tliis chajUer will be: 


; i;..;. Xl..';rM,'f..(/,--;-..jr.-,nr> 

■'' ■•■■s ... 

1 ii r'^'/'y.;..' 

'■I .>,■■)<■»-■ " 

j; -i;;:"/ : '.■ 

■jc- -r ! ';u^:mm — .Afl;> .uo^.-t^ -- -iMi:./!. f i .11 

J-Ji: !<!'... 'iji.! i.^jL' ■?'i-)'t |i . • ■ "\l' ):.;;!!) 1: 

jfli.f .i....>:i!;'i^ ,■"•'■1;/) .,,L..;;i lu ■?o-i!'-<l J 

.'.ui q(ii:-.v;:vJ m(J .;.;-).^'.:t, ./J 1 1; ; >>'' >( it .-A . 

::jd lliv/ .■••;ii..i,T Adl ai .^.lil rtrft 



The following historical sketch of this townsliip was written by Wil- 
liam Lewry, at tliat time trustee, for deposit in the conier-stone of the 
court-honse, in October, 1883 : 

"Pine township was organized on the 13th of August, 1853, by D. S. 
Steves, John Reader, David Poor and Elias Taylor. By order of this 
board George Porter was duly appointed treasurer and the township 
was divided into two road districts. The civil township of Pine received 
its name from the growth of pine trees that cover the northern part. 
Tiie surface and physical features vary. At the north there are high 
sandhills, partly covered with pine, juniper, cherries, yellow oak and 
grapes. The fertility increases as j^ou journey southward and wheat, 
oats, barley, corn and hay grow in abundance. The whole township was 
heavilj' tim-bered at one time. The north abounded in pine, white and 
red oak, cherry, elm and white wood. The south and center abounded in 
beech, maple, hickory, white ash, and other varieties. Much of the tim- 
ber was sold for railroad 'Avood and ties, and for building cars, boats, 
dock^ and sewers at Chicago. Deer, wild turkey, and all kinds of game 
were, abundant up to 1860; about this time the last Indian left the 

"This to\\B)ship has^een backward in settlement, manj' coming here 
to work in the w'oods in the winter and leaving it in the spring. A few 
have ben industrious and determined to build a home, and to all appear- 
ances are doing well. In the central part of the township there is a 
cjijony of Poles, who are determined to build homes and cultivate 
land that would otherwise remain wdld. They have large families and 
all work with a will, from the wife dowTi to the six-year-old child. The 
children are bright, but almost wholly ignorant of the English language. 

"Owing to the tardy growiii of this township, its history is rather 
meager. The timber and wood business has been the main dependence 
of the people. Sawmills were established at an early day in various 
places, but after using up the timber in the vicinity were moved away 

(.'•■l/i)\il>> '. 

'■•:'•■ T-' '■ .'■::^ ■■: .■)<ii(,'ir t'-;:;-! ;,ri/ - ,!/( (,; A, ■ ■ 

'^:'l':r-i^.i ■■.',! 'i-.-i "■■..'.- 1 :v-,>n:. V!'' •.'"'• ''• ■ 

!'';■■: .1 i;^;;;---!; jl!; v.Vn- l.;ii!' K-_'.a/ ■..:. 

'■■'■!' '.'.'■'■'■ ■ ■■ill.i\ ,^''ui'y-ifi .•i/;.;! .!:;[; , '.livj ii.!l"V ;>>i.v.;,^ /[.Mcif -^ 
'*:■■!• -•: ' v;-7)'i!j.>^ vr.n-M;.,;. •,■:■/ ,-;i V'..^.'''-i-. -alfil/* ;»ll't' .;■ 

>•;.■/ .■ ' .: .'/(■: ■[■■ill-' ■•■I'l' .o;.;i.- k; .lii jjL v .■'- 

'.'II.' ''iii'' -iiifi.; .'!'. i)-\r,MiL:.::''i,'. .l!'ii>: ^u'l' 

fJ' '.■:>:■.'> '•:' ::.<i'-:f) i:<r. nWty^ 'liJ' .'.(.">.■< iJi,('< ';ui. if'i-j ,'•'■') 

•''!-■ ;..!' Jo (liprfJA .;^'i!-^'MW -ii'iif.j f.'i'j> /yt, -.t;.!y , , . ;■.: 

.;.;.;;. i! yif;- viJ-fiM;ii'! "'' Twy; ,;r;rt !..;,.^ h.^r-; jj';. 'it 

■j'l<;y i : Jr.:'-' " hiiR ,,;•:'".■ ')'fi\': , iv.( ' .('-I'/'viii' .■ u: 

wt ,r;)i ;f;ii!:,-.i '.•; ■,;:' ^,u.'i -.if' iuOiDi ;')■;■•.(. >; Oi' 

•'.'■■; A ."id:"'';'- ^'•'' "' j^ ^i.i"':-j! i.'.'; Tf^;:// 
-I. Mff;,!! ii.. -f ;■.' ^ . mO;l S I' 
i ..' '•'(■li.i i|>ri.f.ii ■.'■.«J 'iiU Jo 

:,'tf:/' ';■•;- hii.: .<:..■->;! Mil.. I Oj :.,.i;i!r-i'.)'>f. 
i.(fv .^j-' . .V!, ! ■;.: ., liT .liJi . 'lii.Hvr. 
O.i'j .bli'i ■ l'l(. fi;- ■^■> .'.=. '.<:i> fit il.'/r!' .'ili-.v 'K, 
..;;i;i';,'fr.! !'-.ilrj".i ■}{', li- jCJi-JO.iyi 
•Oitts'.r t;i ^'•.iriJ:-'.h! :;:r ^r(ul?.ivrrr.1 gji. j ,. 
•■)ir;ihfi'i,i ::i mKr:i '':i.t li-'sJ aftjl EKoaiH!;'' 
rrf'j.^'ii. ,; 14 YJ5!' vljiit cu h: 

^. ■ ''" ' ■■ ,'":;i :.i'irti •• l!'U'.u,r ., , 


or allowed to decay, till but oue remains. Charcoal aud cluesc wagoun 
are the only articles of importance mamifactured in the luwuship. Tin- 
cheese factory is in the southern part and was established by "^'oun^ri- 
Frame in 1881 and is still run by him. Samuel C. Hacket lias Wwvj- 
charcoal kilns in the southern part. One is about one mile west of tlic 
Lajiorte county line; the other two are about two miles fartliei' to the 
southwest. Mr. Hacket believes he has produced more chai-coal tlian 
any other man in Indiana. He has held all the township ofliees, is u 
prominent leader in politics, aud a most respected and honored citi/eu. 

"The blacksmith and wagon factory of William Lewry & Soti is in 
the northern part of the township, at Furnessville, and has a large patron- 
age in Pine and Westchester townshijis. 

"The first school house erected in the; township was liiiilt on the. 
county line between Laporte aud Porter counties thirty years ago. It 
was an qctagon structure, built of narrow, thick boards, placed one iipo)i. 
another, lapping at the corners, and making a wall about as thick as an 
•ordinary brick wall nowadays. Isaac Weston sawed the lumber I'or 
this house and John Pfiame and Elias Dresden were prominent among 
those who constructed the building and organized the school. The second 
School house on the north side, District No. 2, was built in April, 1854. 
The building was 14 x 20 feet, and Roman Henry received $1G0 for 
building it. The board of trustees was composed of Theodore D. Roberts, 
D. S. Steves, and John Reader. This house has passed away. A new 
one was built by George Shanner in 1871 — John Frame being the trustee. 
The school house in District No. 3, was built on the 16th of October, 
1874, Henry Hacket trustee. All of these school houses are of wood. 
"School houses in District No. 4, center of township, wa i built in July, 
1883, by William Lewry, trustee. This is a substantial bj^ick structure 
and the first of the kind in the township. 

"The roads of the townshij:) are divided into two districts — John 
Bayless supervisor of the north half and AVilliam Goodwin of Ihe scmlh 
half, as follows : Commencing at the southwest corner of section 21 , thence 
east to the northwest coi'ner of section 26, thence soxith and east to the 

, M .,^, .:i„ i,.|': 1.. 'XUr! ■^■O."-- •"■ "-- 'i'' •'■••■•■''■ 

' '' '[■ -.''Vi-'t -'n^ Jli '■'■'".! ■.■■'■■.'■" • ''' ■ '■■■'■ 

,.. , .:/ ■'■ •r.'lF.i.J.'^.^ .^'.■' '■'■.■.■■ *• '•" -' ^^> 

,;, -,i'. i! .' > i-i':.i. ■' .:• ; ,■■■ uj> . i.ilrt iii t'J!; 

...I I , ;..,. . ■.,„ .,r,M ;:-Kr .^t .^:M -• .- i-i;n;nv: -!■ cri 

•V ■.^(.•.,, M> -MOm l-.'>.ib.;-:; /pS ■Ml ./.;!. I ^.la-H ih' •■ 
^ . .^i.'i ■itiisin/'^:! '.I' J'ji ;■■■••' ■■'■ ■ '■' 'i>'<i^>-- n :;:;!-!i '. 
., •; ti .. .■!iiil bri), !•• ".•';--■:• I ■ ■ '(' 1! 1''* 

:,; V,; ;;-lr!: '^^ M.^/K IN." n ,.:■ I^^:"! V>M!3 

■•'■-• ■ i' i . ■ I ] - ' . 

.;.,,, :i!i?',t'i ■f^yii u'l '.- :'.'■! 'i t,'.;..i >' "•• "■"■ ■' 

..' ,,-. I n.!',,' :\i old' ! -ri'iv.! . ■-''■' ■'■'■- 

.. ;, :;.<V; ;•,■/:■ jSi-y c-. li -:.■!/'- J-"^- !■•'■" '■•'■i'^^-i '■^'•" '-i-"- 

., , ;. /-■-!! Ji.c^fiff :n r^;' ji ii''!' .'i.>i.b.-l ■:!'■/<' !•■■': ,'i''''' 
, ,j-;; I. ,.■' , :.ur^! M,.;;?'!^! U!i<-'l- --TV*: ; 
,._,,. ,-,1 ..; .[.id! 't'lll' t^' '-;■•' t:^i'W 

Jill.'.— i ,').3;L- uv, : o'ftf fi'IiviL 
.[t,,i.- ..i;', , ainlxi-'O miuUiV/ bur 
r. r fij ■- (i.'i.'jOrt;.!' lom'iLt Jasv/ibi. 

.' ;!U,il!.t/y 


count.y line. Our roads have been in Iwd cinpliiioH. T'dng now and cut 
through timber, it has been impos.sil)lo to pl(l^v i<\- ,Ulv\\ tlwiii. As the tim- 
ber decays we turnpike them, giving us iomiIs r!|iial lo tlif older town- 
ships. ' ' 

The above sketch by Mr. LewTy gives a liiiily .siK-eiiict account of the 
development of the towaisliip. Since it wa.'^ written an additional school 
district has been established. In the school >rar 1911 -12 flic teachers in 
the several districts were as follows: No. 1 (Sinoky Kow), Mildred Car- 
ver; No. 2 (Frame), Florence Frame; No. li (Hrick), Ada Purdy; No. 
4 (Carver), Emma Goodwin; No. 5 (Bayhs), ]Marti1a Furness. Al- 
though Pine township is well supplied with railroads, there are no towns 
or villages within its borders. In the noiflici-n portion the Michigan 
Central, the Pere l\Iarquette, and the Chi<:i^'^(>, Lake Shore & South 
Bend (the last nanied an electric road), ei-o»: the townsliip in a north- 
easterly direction, almost parallel to the shoi'c of Lake Michigan, and the 
Lake Shore & Michigan Southern crosses the southeast corner. There 
are about twelve miles of macadamized road in tlie township. 

During the last thirty years the populatioii has been fluctuating in 
character. In 1880, three years before Jlr. Lewry's account was writ- 
ten, 138 votes were east at the presidential ficclion in November. This 
M-ould indicate a total population of about r).')n. In 1890, according to 
the United States census, the population was ■''.Xi. Ten years it had in- 
creased to 634. Then cam9»a falling off, and in 1910 it was onl.y 564. 


Pleasant township, established by the Imanl of connly commissioners 
on April 12, 1836, is situated in the soutluasl corner of the, county, and 
is the largest township in the county. It is lidiiiided on tlie east Ijy La- 
porte county; on the south by the Kankakee river, which separates it 
from Jasper county; on the west by Boone lowiishiji, and on the north 
by the township of Morgan. Its area is aimnl fifiysix square miles. 
Crooked creek flows soiithward through tin- eetilei' of llic township and 

1 ; ' • 1 

-n.'.' ':, r,l,i'i ];'. , ; v'.i /-'■.>.■.■. 





■'Mi'''" Ifltl' ■: r;;-i-l]i Jifl..; , ■; 

)? /f'l 

a:: 1.; ;.:•■. ."j 

162 insTouY 01' roirrEii county 

Saudj' Hook crock along the wostn'ii Itorder, liotli cniplyiiig into the 
Kankakee river. The unine Pleasmil was eontVri'ed upon the township 
on account of the natural boaiily ot ils location. For years hefoi-e the 
advent of llie white man, the giovrs and marshes <dong the Kankakee 
river formed a favorite hunting gmuiid for the Indians. Game of all 
kinds abounded there, fur-bearing animals were plentiful, and pleasant 
sites for encampments or villages could easily be fou)id on the higher 
grounds along the river. Southwest of KoiUs, at a point where two 
Indian trails crossed the Kankalcce, tlie early settlers found the out- 
lines of an ancient fortification — so old that trees two feet or more in 
diameter were growing on the embankments — indicating that ■•the spot 
had been a resort for the aborigines foi- years, perhaps for centuries. 

John Sherwood was the first white f.eltler in the township, coming 
there with his family in 1834. During the next two j^ears William 
Trinkle, John Jones, Henry Adams, William Billings, John and Joseph 
Bartholomew, Enoch Billings, Martin Keed, Morris and James Witham, 
Lewis Comer, John Adams, Charles Allen, Liike Asher, Hisel Coghill, 
Oliver Coles and several others were added to the population. The first 
election for township officers — a justice of the peace only — was held at 
the house of Henry Adams on April 30, 1836, when eleven votes were 
polled. The judges of election were William Billings, who acted as in- 
spectcg-, Enoch Billings and I\Iorris AVitham. Lewis Comer received the 
unaniraoxis vote of the electors and became the first justice of the peace. 
At an election on December 24, 1830, i'or justice of the peace and to fill 
a vacancy in the office of associale judge, only nine voles were cast. 
Seneca Ball received nine votes for ^udgc, and John Adams the same 
innnber for justice of the peace. The first birth was that of Henry, 
son of William and Gillie Ann Trinkle, December 2, 1835. The first 
marriage was that of Alexander AVright to a Miss Jones about 1839, 
and the first death was that of Jeremiah, son of John Sherwood. 

.As most of the earlj' settlers located in the ca.stern part, between 
the coiinty line and Crooked creek, it was a natural sequence that the 
first school should be taught in that section. In 1838 a small log school 

\:i inw ,' 

I i-,' . >•; .,,.1 -'.I,.!,; ;!■, 

>'it ,ni-u/ 'ili 


'l'^ '. 

:; ','1^ \\ ' :■ r 

'1(1 ■).' ii^^, ■•.;i-' 

, .: . ' I .-, • 

lit iifiJoij/ LU'Jol. ■"-■>; iM ii;'' 

in I7/-1..I.' . i;!i:;U '-: iic. 


house was erected on sectiou 1)1, townsliip 33, range 5, a short ilistant'c 
south of where the Panhandle linliMatl now enters Poi'ter eounly. Jt 
was built by the patrons of tlie .srlmdl and had the customary clay tire- 
place and greased paper windows. A pioneer teacher says that these 
windows possessed a great advaiilaui.' over glass ones, as they admitted 
the light but prevented lazy pujiils from gazing out of the window in- 
stead of studying their lessons. A larger school liouse was erected upon 
the same section a little later. Se\'(ia] years later the first frame school 
liouse in the township was built jicar the same site. In the school year 
1911-12 there were five district scIkjuIs in Pleasant township, iu addition 
to the commissioned high school a I ivouts. In these schools thirteen 
teachers were employed, to wit: Ili^'h school, E. E. Wright, superintend- 
ent; Bertha Tofte, principal; Kailn line Kring, Jeannette Andei-son, 
Lulu M. Benkie, Grace Jones, Ercderica Witliam and Hattie Felton; 
District No. 1 (Marshal Grove), Claire Ilaunon; No. 4 (Five Points), 
Marie Beckwith; No. 5 (Morrison), ilarguerite Tofte; No. 7 (Lauer), 
Grace Gay; No. 8 (Stowell), Clara Young. 

Agriculture has alwaj's been tlie leading industry of the peoi^le. The 
soil is fertile and well adapted to hay, grain, corn and potatoes. A con- 
siderable portion of the land lies in the Kankakee marshes and has to 
be drained before it can be successfully cultivated. Several large ditches 
have been constructed through the towuship, and where' the land has 
been thus reclaimed it yields large profits to the owner. The Pittsburgh, 
Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis railroad, commonly called the Panhandle, 
runs east and west, two miles soiith of the northern boundary; the Clii- 
-«tigo & Erie railroad crosses the caslcrn boundary' a little south of the 
center and nins in a northwesterly ilii'ectinn, crossing the Panhandle at 
Kouts, and a line of the Chicago & J'Jaston Illinois systen'i crosses the 
southeast comer. These lines afford good transportation facilities for 
practically all parts of the townshi)). Very little macadamized road has 
been built in Pleasant, but in the summer of 1912 there were some six- 
teen miles under construction 

Kouts is the onlj' village of importance. It is situated about two miles 

■'?.»')-< n In ft 'J 

•; 7 v.-;iin,i 1 i^' 

.( X..'-' -■" 

M-'.!U^'' ;--i:.a,U .vwi, Ml «(l,-:i '■.^. '■■"'■■- : 

. ,in,;.,'i ,;,ri.n bru ,^'.^; ■ ' i • : ■ .•'■^ ^^'(-1. -.. 

1 ,,.. 

-].rj 'i: I : .;inhi(i;.''i' ir'^iii'i"'' "ill ' 
-,;; •.■•.)y„-u,o (((■ift?-,'*- v.i'-;'ifl' II '■■i.-.i,^, ,■' 
->:;?, ii'';'-^ •E''!T/r fi'iij !:-'('t lo v^in 

i-iiKM '>//* Miivh! fi'ijf'.irti.-' .U ,1' .'r.i.-nixr 


northwest of the center, at the junction of the Erie and Panhandlr lail- 
roads as already mentioned. This to\\ii was laid out l>y IScriuird Kouts, 
from whom it took its name, about Ihe time the railroinl was coiupKU'd. 
A postoffice was established tliere in 18G5, witli 11. A. Wri^dil as post- 
master. I\lr. Kouts built the; first business building in (lir lown, and Ihe 
second was built by Brown & Dilley. When the Erie rail mail w;is built 

Public School, Kouts .' 

in 1881, Kouts began to grow more rapidly' and now has a po])ulatioii of 
about 500. Very few attempts have been made to establish manulactur- 
iug enterjDrises, and with one exception these attempts have beni jiiadc at 
Kouts. Joseph Hackman erected a sawmill on the banlc of thr Kanka- 
kee river some years ago, but sold it to Jauies M. Pugh, who ctnisertcd it 
into a portable mill and used it in various parts of the low nshii). II. A. 
Wright slarted a cheese factory about 1877, but after a shorl lime alian- 

.; .i'lJI ■nit ■;.. .•<-':' ■ c, ■ . I I- ,;( ''ii)'i orii J<i v.'-.'.ii; 

. . ..,i.:i;<j"j !, ^i;i( ...)•■ biv: ■,.'■'■, : "CV 

li/lci./l ■11 Ic jlltJ...' '111? 

.,.;,),>, ..r-'t '•fDl';: [J •! :l''|: li.iT ,'i".'jr ^iJi-rln 


doned tlic nndorlakitig. In 1887 Jerry Ryau st.nrlod an ax-liandle fac- 
tory wliicli cmijloyt'd five or six men for a wliile, Imt tlio lad; of .suitable 
timber led him to diseontiniie the business. On June 21, 1912, the 
Kouts ereamery was oi)en(Hl for business. It is of a (■iioj)ei'ative na- 
ture, the stock being owned by sixty-seven persons, all residents of the 
immediate neighborhood. Kouts also has a wholesale and retail bakery, 
and a saw and feed mill operated by the Bctterton IMilling Company. The 
Porter County Bank is located here. The oldest church in the town is 
the Evangelical Lutheran, of which Rev. Ilicks Ilicken is pastor. A 
Christian church has recently been organized. There are six gen- 
eral stores, a hardware and implement store, insurance agencies 
senting all the leading companies, Adams and Wells Fargo express 
offices, and a money order postoffice with one rural route emanating 
from it. The secret oi'ders are represented by the Odd Fellows, the 
Foresters of America and the jModern Woodmen. Considerable ship- 
ping is done from Kouts, which is the only raih'oad station of conse- 
quence in the township. Clanricard is a small station on the Erie, one 
mile from the east line of the county, and there is a flag station called 
Burke's on the Chicago & Eastern Illinois, not far from the Kankakee 

Pleasant to\niship has had its share of crimes and casualties. In the 
fall of ISTii, while James M. Pugh was plowing near his residence, he 
found some dry marsh gi'ass somewhat annoying. He asked his daughter", 
Sarah, to get some fii'e and burn the dead grass. Scarcely had she ignited 
the grass when a sudden change in the direction of the wind lilew the 

"flames toward her, setting fire to her clothing. The accident occurred 
about two o'clock in the afternoon, and after intense suffering the girl 
died at four o'clock the following morning. In 1873 a man named Swett 
was shot and killed by Charles Chase. Two murders occurred in the year 

■ 1879, when Charles Askam was killed by John Mcintosh and John But- 
ton was killed by Brainard Taft. On Thursday, March 23, 1882, David 
Ramsey, an old hunter and trapper was found dead in a swamp about 
three miles southeast of Kouts. The day previous he had been seen in 

:.-.' L 

■T/l'fd'i Vili'lji-ri '-10 Vy.v 

■'■; 'i''Kl:v''.'f^ r:. '.,'lf<,' l.iyi'll V|-('i'. V'^^'i 111 

' ^.•l'■■• ■' > ! ■ : 'V) 'II'' -.ini/' :, . :■. . ■ " <i'^ ■■., 

■i;.i , > ;k-i ';..<- . ., .. , f I >;r;-i;,:>'; ' •... jv h-. 
::! ,1 ■. :. . ■ .;, il>rii;,r, (;.-|,i<, -M'l /m_,,. 

';'(: ■;■! w.v .. (;.) . ■ - .' ■ ^n^ i'' 

• ' ■ ' ' ;;'}•> -i ;[":'. ■:■' ' ';i' T ;■ - 

•'.-!-■•.■.■ "•:- :■ il^^l,-; !.ij;',!Jlii'j ^/.(-(o -i! 
f.'>i(f:.' .1.:;, , :-.,ff ;j .:( 

'■.ij -H-\i' iviri".' oijf ';i> £. .;■ 

■•ii; ';;!> L!,<::'.n;(: •■,;•;; . r'tt. ! i:K ,,...-. ■ 
Sjv'i/c. L'.'u '..I. .. . .■ fi ■■'^'■'^ III .lu';^'''"" ■ 

-)uG di!'.'. tia.s rfgi.'iaiyf*' I ■■ ". ■' ' 


Kouts, where lie was drinking heavily, and was warned by Rnlirrt II, .11 
to he careful, not drink any more and to go lioiiie. It is sujii)()sfd lliiil l;i' 
started home and either lost his way, or deliberately wandrred into the 
swamp, where he died from exposure. 
_ Census repoi-ts for the last twenty years show a steady and hralfliy 
increase in the number of inhabitants. In 1890 the populalion of the 
township was 981, ten years later it was 1,209, and in 1910 it was 1,-121. 


This to^raship was created by the general order of the l)oard -of 
county commissioners, April 12, 1836, which divided the county into 
ten civil toT^niships, but the present boundaries are materially dilferent 
from the ones originally defined by that order. It is sitiuilcd in Ibe 
northwest corner of the county, and is said to have been named aflc^r 
Portage county, Ohio. It is hounded on the north by Lake Michigan; 
on the east by the to^^Tiships of Westchester and Libei'ty; on the south 
by Union township, and-on the west by Lake county. It is four miles 
wide from east to west on the northern boundary, and five miles in width 
on the southern. It greatest length from north to south is a little over 
eight miles and its area is about thirty-six square miles. In the northern 
* pai't are th(j sandhills common to the shore of Lake Michigan in that 
region. South of the sandhills lies.the valley of the Little Calumet river, 
which contains some swamp lands, and still farther south is a level 
prairie, with a rich soil, well adapted to agriculture. This prairie is 
watered by Salt creek and its numerous small tributaries. Salt creek 
crosses the southern boundary near the southeast corner, flows nortlnvard 
until it enters Liberty to^^^lship near the northwest corner of section 33, 
township 35, range 6, and reenters Portage township neai- (he iMnlbrasl 
corner of section 20 of the same township and range. Large (luanlitics of 
sand have been shipped from this township to Chicago, and ncai- Cris- 
man there is a fine-grained clay that has been used quite extensiwly for 

'i'iv.ij^'i •]d\''.'ir: :o Y?H»'rHi,U 

! , ,,, ;i ■I 

M rV.I^J; ',U ';- I 

.■' r. , , -1.; ; ,_1'.-. '., ' ;,.i;u 'l'j)r. .i)-.- : V; ;o aqt'^ 

I i I ,, . '• ' ■.'■In; ,"';.;>; <tiiy''i' 

:■■ • .■'!,ii .hj^ ■: /)s:<f\.- s-'h-, ; :,ii jyi"':';.- ■ 
r,w ; i,b>.:;i'>)M '■.•',„ '•" ■■•:.-!;-: ■ S ;• ,i. ..••■.•. 

■. ■y:.:.] f!.;'!' -.■'I,'liii0ri;3;> ol ' 

;.f'^Jo^: .n 

;: i: 

;i1j 'vi^vii i|ii!;i;rv,<>t ";.: •■■■fia ?i;j^ 

•■■■-•' " ■"■' l"''' -l' '■ ■'■■'■ ■ 
'■■ ■ ■;!i'.i-...p ■'V:U.. .-.yn.r. ,n 
<i' .> -ij ■■ [ill;: ,0.;4i:'J''i".' ') fiif^MV/r-r iiff" ii'.o 


molding, calking lioilers, etc. Souk; bog iron >■ ■•■ lia.s )mtii Touncl, but the 
deposits are .small and have never been de\('l'>;ir(l. 

In the .spring of 1834 Jacob "Wolf, IJein ; i Dorr and Reuben Hurl- 
burt brouglit their families and located clinn.s in I'uriage tOMTiship. 
They were llic settlers. Jacob Woir iiad thrre LMown .sons; Mr. 
Dorr had two sous of age, and Mr. Ilui-lburl \,:f[ live sons, three of whom 
were then in their "teens." Later in Uir yc:iv Geoi'ge and James Spur- 
lock and Wilford Parrott joined the si'lllciiiriit. During the next two 
years a number of immigrants settled in llir vicinily, among whom may 
be mentioned Benjamin James and his sou AII<m), S. P. Robbins, Walker' 
McCool, Thomas J. Field, Henry Ilerold, Orilliiii and William Ilolb.ert, 
Daniel AVhitaker, Francis Spencer, J. G. Herring, (ieorge Hume, Wil- 
liam Frame, John Hageman, Jacob Blake, Henry Batlan, John Lyons 
and James Connet. An old tally sheet of the election held in April, 
1836, shows that most of the above voted at lliat time, and at the 
election in August following twenty-nine voles were cast. Henry Battan 
was an old revolutionary^, soldier. The life and customs of these early 
settlers did not differ much from those of other pioneers. The first 
dwellings were log cabins, erected without nails, with greased paper win- 
dows or no windows at all, the huge clay fireplace and the same rude 
furniture. There were the same dreary trips throujjl! the forests and 
across the bleak prairies to Michigan City for supplies, the same plain 
food and homespun clothing. 

The first bii'th is not known. The first marriage^ jn believed to have 
been that of Henry Ilerold to a Jliss Dorr, and the first death was that of 
^a man named Ashton in 1837. In that year a man nan 'd Carley opened 
a taverii nt AVillow creek, on flie old .stat'i line ruii iiii; from Chicago 
to Detroit. Two women, whose names seem to have been forgotten, later 
opened a house of entertainment for traveieis at tli • .^ame place. The 
first school bouse was built in 1840 on .seelion 20, aboui a mile and a half 
southeast of the present village of McC'ool, and not long afterward a 
second school house was erected in the sovitli-.\est jiai d' the tONNTiship. 
Among the early teachers were N. H. Yos!, ^l. L. I'eiiis, W. E. Haw- 

■i-:i.(t iA'.'h 


h 1!.:^.:. Tl! 

!i\ .1/ ■ , • :' 

:|'.// '■:■: 'i;.! 

'.I'if;" ■.h.-it'; ■: 
icv/ -i-i:..; ],: 

;tl n, -I :j 1.1 '■ .'.'.-,)■■ •i(r..U til 
./'' I II- .h.i!rv;il"(l! To l'jU'...l: 

'■■ .-..i! I'lti; ■■ \ni: !■ 

' i . - ..'«('- ^r-^ii . •; ,•; ■■■{■ .;'! 

..I' ■ 1 M, ,i;i.;t^ ':;i'IJ , ,' M, .■\ii. 
• , -,' . :',;. Mil ■ •'. :'t;;!o'> ^m 
I "'..I;; •■•!! 10 -i':- 

■ . ' ■' (.''■'■ . .:iw.;. ^r-r',vf^,7 

I. 'KffJ «i!7/ ,li^.;'.^ ' -'it oiit M:- .-noU ,>!n^ 

"1 !' .OOtilq Mi: : i I : - 1 ••■' ' r, ) To' !l 

' nil i, h\'\', '.lii'' I. I' "li. M- . •H;-,;,g 1' ■ 

., L'n'.vfio ;'i li v"''t ' ' •' ■ 1 ."'' ■'.'" 

..,'i' fi'.-.'/o. -K't '!■ ;>t :l^ i I I'M 'Jill iii , 

•.,'.. .a .V/ ,.-., . ' I I.' ... Y •[ VT • 

. ,,■.? 


tlioi-ne, Lottie Hewitt, Minnie Speneer, Rose Mitchell. Cyrus Sales, 
Clirislina Pry, Emily Gei-hart, Cliancey (iaylord and a Baptist minister 
named I'.avtlett. In the school year of 1911 ■12 there was a certified high 
scliool at Cri.siiiaa and four district sclioo]«. The teachci'S in the high 
school were W. A. Briggs, Minnie 1. ll>(le. Glen Kinne, Mary Rice and 
Camilla Babcoek. In the district schools the teachers were: No. 1 
(Peak), Goldic Johnson; No. 6 (Dombey), L. Clyde Bay; No. 8 (Mc- 
Cool), Bertha Sweet; No. 9 (Wolfe), Rudolph Mahus. The absence of 
numbers 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7 is owing to the consolidation of districts or 
tlie absoij'lion of some of them by the Crisman high school. 

Portage township has three postofficcs, located at Crisman, Dune 
Park and McCool. The first two are money order offices. Crisman was 
laid out by B. G. Crisman, after which it was named. It is located on 
the Michigan Central railroad in the eastein part. The postoflice was es- 
tablished there in 1871 and the first pusliiiaster was Isaac Crisman, 
who was also the proprietor of the first stoi-c in the place. After a short 
time he sold out to Charles Seydel, who in turji was succeeded by Joseph 
Bender and Joseph White. For many years this was the only store in 
the township. The town has never grown to any considerable propor- 
tions and in 1910 had a population of about 75. McCool, named after 
the pioneer family, is located in the triangle between the Baltimore & 
Ohio, the El^in, Joliet & Eastern, and the Wabash railways, and appar- 
ently, like Topsy in Uncle Tom's Cabin, it "just growed." The railroad 
junction attracted a few small business enterprises, whose proprietors 
built dwellings in the immediate neighboi'hood, others followed, and in 
Ijy^O iMcCopl and Crisman were about the same size. Dune Park is a small 
station on, the Lake Shore & Michigan Soutlicfii rairoad, about a mile and 
a half south of Lake Michigan. It takes its name fi-om the saiid dunes in 
the vicinity. In October, 1891, Frank A. Turner, of Valparaiso, filed 
in the recorder's office a plat of a town named Fairview, located on sec- 
tion 34, township 37, range 7, in the extieme northwest corner of the 
county. ■ The plat is rather pretentious in character, sliowing some six 

iv:. -.!.:/! -voyi 


.vM)i , ■ui': , • ■•'•'' "■•■'•-' "'^'■'' 

,.(.1 .; 

1. :•-! V: 

,;■; A 

niSTOi:Y OP PORTER COUNTY '• ' ': 169 

Imndi-fcl lots, willi streets and alleys, l)iit tliere was never a house Imilt 
upon the site. 

Ahout thirty-five years ago a few Swedes settled in the northi>rn ])arl. 
They were soon followed hy others of their countryinen until a large 
nnnilier of them eaine. 'J'hese people are inihistrial and generally make 
good citizcios. One. of their first acts was to cstahlish a church, which 
is still in existence. Preshyterian and Methodist churches had been 
founded in the township many years before. 

Portage township is a network of railroads. In the northern part 
ai-e the Lake Shore & ]\Iichigan Southern, and the Chicago, Lake Shore 
& Soutlr Bend, the latter au electric line. Through the central part, 
radiating in various directions, are the Michigan Central, the Wabash, 
llu! Elgin, Jolict & Eastern, and the Baltimore & Ohio, and the Pitts- 
burgh, Fovt Waj'ne & Chicago cresses the extreme southwest corner. 
The great manufacturing enterprises of Chicago have worked their way 
gradnallj' southward and eastward around the head of Lake Michigan, 
building up successively the cities of Hammond, South Chicago, East 
Chicago, Gary and Ilobart, and the excellent tran.sportation facilities 
offered in Portage township lead many to believe that this portion of 
Porter county will in the near future become a great manufacturing 

Probably no township in the county, unless it be Center, can show 
a better system of public highways than Portage. More than thirty 
miles of fine macadamized roads traverse all portions of the township, 
and good bridges span the streams. Jjike some of the other townships of 
PtJrter county, the population of Portage has been rather variable during 
the last twenty years. In 1890 it was 954. Ten years later it had in- 
creased to 1,014, but in 1910 it was but 959. 


Lying southwest of Valparaiso is the township of Porter, which is the 
second largest in the county, containing fort.y-five square miles. It is 

)•!..; 'i'lMil: "-! '.ill ,\\ ; r,;f I i.-i :- •!;,,• r, .-.■ >'l ; <■;:; ■-■ . 

...■;■• .■,'!., M".l^ hu:. I;, :,.,.: i,] .,•.,. ■,l,[-.',tT ■■ : '■'" ■ .r!!'. ; I'.fi 

• y' iiiill ;->'>if-.'!:i;l'; '■).'-, i' l!."" !'-|' Mil '-rfiiv ; . ' i •■!. 

.; . I ;,'.■) ■■li ■; .■■.n :iT .[(■.' ■.[■■. y> ;■ ;:,. ;':>! 'i.l "i 

-t; '■■' ■::'! r^i'fi .c^ini ' :, '.v.. II, ;i;;;-; ..I'l !"■(.:., ,:.v,:, .,J j. 

•/-:i!f.,,i .r.ii t::! i .■(;.-. (in ' ;;l'.':', .,■.■■ M'i; i)/)!! ,;-,;;■■ 


boiuitled on tlio north by Union and Center to\vri.-.lii|)s; mi tlir r by 
Jlorgan; on the HOuth by Boone, and on the west b\- l..ikr (•niinty. Wlien 
tlie original division of tlie county into ten townsliij's wiis inaili' liy llie 
county conniiissioners on April 12, 1836, the terrilmy now iiKlmlcd in 
Porter township was made a part of Boone. In JMai'' li. 18.'!S, th,. nni'tb- 
ern part of Boone — that portion lying north of lli'' liiii' (lividJng to\ni- 
ships 33 and 34 — was erected into a township called I'isli L;;lu , fiom tlio 
little body of water known as Lake Eliza, but Ihi'ii ealled Fisli l.ake. 
In June, 1811, in I'esponse to a petition of the inl;:il)il;ait'<. wlio diil not 
like the naine ol' Fish Lake, the commissioners c)Kii:!.;i'd Ilic iLi^ue of the 
township to Porter. The tirst settlements in what is hdw I'uiicr town- 
ship were made during the years 1834-35, when Saimii I ;iiid^iir (;;niiij- 
bell, NevA'lon Frame, David llnrlburt, Isaac Edwjii'ds, ;iiul a \'fw (•thers 
located in that part of I'orter county. Others who cainc diirin^^ thv next 
few years were the Sheffields, William McCoy, Ezra I Jeeves, Moi-i-is Car- 
man, Dr. Ij. a. Cass, William A. Nichols, J. C. Ila1h:n\a.\ , William 
Prakcs, Alpheus French, Ileury il. Wilson, A. M. lini-tel, Jonathan 
Hough, William C. Shreve, Edmund Hatch, David Dinwiddie, Moses and 
Horatio Gates, William Robinson, Richard Jones, Asa Cobb, and a few 
others who became prominently identified with the towaisliij) 's industries 
and affairs. Alpheus French was a Baptist minister and preached the 
first s?irmon in the township. 

Owing to the fact that most of Porter townsliip is prairie land, the 
early settlers were not annoyed as much by Indians as tliose who settled 
in the timbered parts of the county. Occasionally an linli;in hunting 
party would pass through the settlement, but the iiieiiil)ei's of it were 
nearly always friendly, and there were always a few ^\■llo would main- 
tain peace and order among their fellows. Game was |)leiitirul and llie 
pioneer who was a good marksman was never in feai' of a meal famiiie 
until the encroachment of civilization drove off the deer and oilier ^aine 
animals, and by that time the farms were so well d(\elii|ie(l ihal tlie 
settler could depend upon domestic animals for his t,u|i|)ly. h"'or several 
years after the first settlement was made, Michigan Cily \va.s the nearest 

I'll 'li 
,i '.r >::i .1.. I.liiv. 

.1, :|.-'I:,;A 

u\ !:.;il,f<l <M'. (jlRUOiflfwM^ -X^^ 

J., iu;:)u ■■'''' '■'■'• '•''■' 


point Avhere supplies could be obtaiiicii, mid ociMsional trips were made 
to that port for salt, sugar and otln r 1liinf;s ili:i( could not be grown 
or manufactured at home. Matches wdc srairc and commanded a price 
much liighei' than at the present time, liriice the i'wv was never allowed to 
go out, a little Ixdng kept at all timi's ■'fiii' srcd." Wolves roamed over 
the prairie and carried off lambs and iii;:s orcMsionally, but aside from 
this the losses and bardshijis of the earl\ sctlkrs were not great. 

Children belonging to the families Ilia) settled in the western part 
of the to\^'Tiship attended a school on Eagle creek, just across the line 
in Lake county. The first school in the tow iislii|) is believed to be the one 
taught by Mrs. Humphrey at her home about ISoT or 1838. This school 
was patronized by the Sbeffields, the Slaimtons, and a few other families. 
One by one school liouses were erected as the population increased until 
there were ton districts in the township. Two of these — Numbers 3 and 
6 — have been consolidated with other schools, and in the school year 
1911-12 there were eight district schools and a three years' high school 
at Boone Grove. The in the high school were J. E. AVorthing- 
ton, C. Marguerite De Marchus and Lillie Dorsey. In the district 
schools the teachers were as follows: No. 1 (the Cobb school), ]\Iiss Myra 
B. Jones; No. 2 (Gates Cornel's), Grace Mains; No. 4 (Kenworthy), 
Maud Williams; No. 5 (Merriman), Bessie Love; No. 7 (Porter Cross- 
roads), Marie Benedict; No. 8 (the Beach school), Neva Doyle; No. 
9 (Ilurlburt), Rhoda Bates; No. 10 (the Skinner school), Gertrude Al- 
bertsou. The schools of Porter township ha\e rdways maintained a high 
reputation for their efficiency. 

"In 1844 a postoffice was establislied at Poi-ler Cross-roads, and was 
known by that name. It was probably tlu' fiisl jiostoffiee in the toMiiship. 
The next year a postoffice was established at Hickory Point, jixst across 
the line in Lake county, and the inhabitants of the western part of the 
township received their mail at that oftice. Jei-emy Iliekson, the post- 
master, carried the mail from Crown Point. He was succeeded by Henry 
Nichols and his father, William A. Nichols, wlio between them kept the 
office for about six years, when it was moved aci-oss the line into Porter 

<■, l,':- 

:[' ■{ ■■io ■{■.I 

'>':'>L.-'I • ■ ''> «i|n) I' li'il''!. ■■■.<• '''-i-. 1 ';:'-' '; 

• 111'- I v; ■"!' lOI' l.'l.WM r:i . ■m. .1 i 1 >;'/, ',■■.'■ 
iW'i ;. .' i,:!:-in!IK.v m.i:, ,■;■. ., - V :-;■; ! . ■;.•: ' 
.. ! -//.,;l, ■■:/■:, -,', , ■,,:: •' ,,,!■ I .:,,;^i;J 1,, • •■ , 
I'/ .''■: ! '-1 ..o'l ;■') /!" 'V ' ' in' ' ■ , /■iii' ^li', .; 

.;-,.,;., ir.i' • >,; K" ,, !(./'■ ■ ■.(! t 'S . xi , I ':• 

• ■■:'. .if; ;>iu/i':-i, i.:.r;. . ■■-■ , -.1, '.", >.' ' vif!-... ,; i 
OnO -.'it -n lit 'i -.ii'' ' ■• t:!."; "'•( .. i '■ 'I' I'Im,'',:' 

N.o/'i^ .;:,rr j:\:.-:\ ■!-, ■.:;,-■; .■■-.!:: ^i^iii •!■.!! ''■ .■ 
.■i(,j;'f ■,.,,1-,, •-'.' ■\ .. • : .■•.,!■■, ,'■■' >\'.i •^. ■,;!•;■•.;. 

f^ .'f;::-; 'nyt iioo 

■.;■•/. ir.,:, .v, •„:' i:; l,i:u ,-1 *■.■ ' - 

k^or^ '.■■:■<■:'{) 7 .(-iM ;-..r..! ■;-;-r'' 

.■-:l!7/ i (jTi >■,^■l■'■^-M;■v■■T'.) •; . : .•■ I 
. I II: I -HIV, o) -X'.f ■'.: '^'>itl(rj>'.. ' f[ 

v.uoH /.J i/-)!i')"...'p)it- H!.-<v •.H i 


to\\Tasliii) ;iiul-a man iiauicd Porter became postnui^lci-. Al his deatli a 
few years later the office was discontinued. Tlie Pcrlcr ('r(ls^; rniids office 
continued in existence until about the close of the Civil war. Tin' posl- 
offices in the township at the present time (lUl'i) ;ire Hoone C,riive and 
Hurlburt. Boone Grove is an old settlement, and tin |HiNl'ii'ii,-.- (Iirre was 
established a few years befoi-c the war. About lw.'>7 Iom'jiIi .Inm s opcneil 
a store at ]{oone Grove, with a small stock of goods, ;iiid roiiliiiiicd in busi- 
ness for several years, when he closed out liis stock. Willi the Imilding of 
the Chicago & Erie railroad, which passes through P.oone (Jnive, the 
village began to grow, and in 1910 had a population of iibout liiO, Tliere is 
a local tclei)hone exchange, ;iiid in 1912 the principid busimis.'-- nitcrp rises 
were the general stores of Dye Brothers, F. Wittenlierg, .'lud J. P. Woods, 
the last named being the postmaster. For a tijur Poone (ilrove was 
known as Baltimore. Hurlburt is a compai'atively n^-v: plic', having 
been made a postoffitte after the completion of the Chicago & Erie rail- 
road, on which it is a station about two and a h<Mlf miJes northwest of 
Boone Grove. It was named for one of the pioneer se1 tiers who located 
in that part of the township, and in 1910 had a population of over 100. 
It has two general stores, kept by S. II. Adams and W. P. French, and is 
a shipping point for a rich agricultural district. The Hickory Point 
above mentioned was on the line between Lake and Porter counties, 
and ,was once a trading point and social center «f some importance. 
Shortly' after the postoffice was started there in 1844 Alfred Nichols 
opened a store on the Porter county side, but some years later removed 
to Cro\vn Point. A man nanied Wallace then conducted a store there for 
several years, and when he went out of business a I\li'. C;ii'soii, who had 
recently come fi-om Ohio, engaged in the mercantile Ihcrc. The 
discontinuance of the postoffice, and the competition of Boojlc Grove, in- 
fluenced Mr. Carson to close out liis stock, and \\Tth llu building of the 
railroad Hickory Point sunk into insignificance. It i.s now liltle more 
more than a memory. 

About two miles northwest of Hurlburt, and a short distance north of 
the Erie railroad, the old Salem church was erected al an early <late. 



.....,.,.,.,-:-i^:.V/....:-— -'i 

/■Oi'. 1 ; ■-."^Uh t.^> C9i' 

_,,, ,, n 0.' H t'l aoi]il''>iii!"'» ■-■' -'■'■ 

ii> t'.)H,Ii •) •Hill •■' • ' 

..)1 J.,1 '1 


Before the church was built the ineinljcrs of the congregation lnh] tin ii 
meetings in the liomes of the settlers. Just about a mile iioiUi dl' this 
church the Old School Presbyterians, or Scoleh Covenantcis. Imilt a 
church. Christian and ilethodist ehnrches were later estaMislied at 
Boone Grove. A more complete account of these pioneer religious ov 
ganizations will be found in the chapter relating to Religious llislor.w 
Owing to a lack of vital statistics, it is impossible to leaj-n at Ibis 


late date of the first birth, the first marriage or the first death in the town- 
ship. One of the early deaths was that of a young man named R(ibiiis<iii, 
a son of John Robinson, his death resulting from a cut in the 11n,i;li w ilb 
an axe. 

Porter township has been from the first an agricultural coniiiiiinily. 
No manufacturing establishmcnls of consequence have ever been Id 
cated within its borders. About the time the Civil war coiuiiicneril a 
Mr. Sheflield starti'd a sawmill in the northern part of the '.oNviisbiii, 

■ : Vryi-4ltiy> j-li to .,i •!• ;-■,,. ;i mI, rl-i;,) ,,,,■, 
'' ' ' '": ■•'■■'"■ > ' ■■':■: I-!,,;,. ^ 

' >' ' ■ 1 *i;m >, '.,i")-''l -Jill ;;:■. rv 

'. '■" ■:•• .'t .:i; .'.j; ,:.-nii 
: 1 "., .j.,v fi/- ' • '■ 


■\vhero there was, some tiinln-r, liiil tin r.i:, ■ ■ ims In know wlial liecanie of it. 
T]ie jDi'oplc arc jirogressive, ami somr i ln'sl iiiiiJi'ox'cil I'afins in the 

coinily are (o lie 1'oumi in Porlrr tww h :■ I'hri-e are alu'iit sixleen miles 
of macadamized road and a miinbi i ■ ■ ^c dilehes in tiie lowusliip, 

which is crossed liy two lines ot raii^.. i 'Tlie ('liicaRO & Erie entei's 
the townshiji ahout two and a hall' i est of the southeast corner, 

runs northwest tiirought Boone (Inur .1;. i lliirlliurt, and crosses the 
western boundary of the county not l:ii- '. -n Salem church. Al)out foiu- 
mile^ north of this road and almost para''!-! In it runs the Chesapeake & 
Ohio (formerly the Chicago, Cinciniiali iN ijoiiisviUe) railroad. Beatrice, 
in liie extreme northwest corm-r of U' iwnsliip, is tin; only "station 
on this road within the limits of rorlr;. i.' at rice is a small place and 
has grown up since the railroad wa;> luiill. 

The population of the tovrnship in ;";*" was 1,121 ; in 1900 it was 
1,075, and in 191U it had dccr(>ased 1- l.OdO. Notwithstanding this 
slight decrease in i)opulation, the tov.iish'!; iias increased in wealth, and 
in 1911 the property of the townsliip assessed for tax purposes at 

UNION TOWiN"-;',!!!' 

This township, one of the westci-n ih : ^vas created by order of the 
board of county commissioners on April ^2, 1836. In extent it is five 
miles from east to west and six miles fiuin north to south, and contains 
thirty square miles. It was named Union iu connncmora.te the federation 
of states in the American Republic, ai;fl ' been called the "Peaceful 
To\\iiship," on account of its natural ' 1 •'ity. Being located chiefly 
in the morainic belt of the county. 1l;> - ' i'ace is rolling, and, next to 
Jaokson township, presents a greater divi ;->-iy of jihysical features than 
any other township in Porter county. Ti ( i utire area, however, can be 
cultivated, and agriculture is the princi])al 1 n upalion of th(! inhabitants. 
Salt creek crosses the nortlu^ast corjiei', .-in- 'ii-aiuli of that stream flows 
northward through the eastern tier of si, lions, uniting with the main 

;i ■ ii I- 

■,-t ./-111 .i.i.i. 

.,;i . ., 

. ,; .ri,. ,1 / ,,'.iil ,i?';-i:. viil,; ' i ■ I ."-■, 


stream about half a niilc souUi of llif iiortlh ; n IjomiiLMy. Taylor creek 
rises in Hollister's lake, in llie soutlimi |i,iri, ;iiu! Ildws iiorthwestcirly 
course into Lake county. Hollister's lal<e is .ilicul six oi' seven acres in 
extent and is the only hike in the to\\nslii|i xK.iihy of IIh' name. Origi- 
nally there was some marsh land, l)u( tlic jrr.Tii !■ poi'lioii of this has been 
drained and brouglit luider cultivalion. T\\riii_\ -mile pi^nrie extends 
into the northern part. Charles S. llulr lays: "'I'liis Avas so named 
because, as an old settler facetiously said, il was 'Iwcnly miles from any- 
where'- — meaning of course, that it was twcnly miles (or some multiple 
of twenty) from the nearest trading i>osl, being (\verily miles from 
Michigan City and Laporte, and forty miles rroni Chicago." 

In the central portion the soil is gejn rally sandy. Ihough there is 
some loam. The bard clay found in all ]iarls nf the township makes 
it unprofitable to try corn growing, but \vlie;it, eiils and rye are raised in 
large quantities, and the to\\Tiship is well adapted to grazing. The hills, 
ravines and forests combined to rendo' this paiM of the county an ideal 
haunt for game animals, when the first :\liili' men located there they 
found plenty of deer, a iev/ bear, the lynx, the liiid-vr, the otter and 
other fur-bearing animals, and a horde of prairie and graj' wolves, 
the latter species being by far the most numerous. 

There is some question as to who was the first settler. William B. 
Blaehly, Benjgmin McCarty, James Walton, dohn (i. F'orbes, Sylvester 
Forbes, Andrew and Joseph Wilson, Josejih Willey, ffentge W. Turner, 
E. W. and Noah Fowts, Lewis Walton aiid a few others had settled in 
the township by the spring of 1836. At the election for justice of the 
peace on April 30, of that year, James ^\'alt(ln was ins|>eet()r; George W. 
Turner and B. Bunnell, judges; E. W. Fowls and doseph Willey, clerks. 
Fifteen votes were cast, Joseph Willey receiving the unaJiimoTis vote for 
the office of justice of the peace. The election ^\•as held at the residence 
of George W. Turner. "Squire" Willey was evidently not a highly edu- 
cated individual, as maj^ be seen by the gfannnar and orthographj^ in 
the following entry from his docket in Deeemlier al'tei- his election: 

rill ■ r ,,'i 

It I 1' I. '.1 1-,"' ■ 1 'i 

- fll •;■'■./!' :,■ 
!iMO 1^,1(0 .if! 

.>; iTi,/!ii , ■ 

i('"l '^n V: , 

■' ■■■■>. '■,( ; li. ■■: 

( .'l jJOt7 Kfh>i(;; :..:'!' '1;:; yi,> . • /i > ■! 

-iji'vj vfu'^^irf H V ■ ill!: 1,1. ■, 
(ti v_/lr;iii^OjllU-: i' in ■Ji;mi;uriu< '.mi v 
t .■• . i.i'j,i;' ■-'■',■■ fj)ii; ■i-Hli.r.. >■■" ''■ 


"State of Indiana, ,,, ,_-,„,.-. ■ .^ 

Union Township, i , , , 

Porter county, i 
"Joliu Burge, James Burge and Orson Strong wa.s lirouglU before me, 
Joseph Willey, a Justice of tlie Peace, for li'ial fi)r Lilk'n sum hogs, 
on or about the first day of December, 1836, and 1 pn^ ,ded on the 8th 
day aforesaid to hear the proofs and allegations, and the defendants 
was acquitted for the above olfeuse. Nicholas Blount, tj ied for profane 
swearing, comnutted, and pnid his fine. 

Joseph \Vili,i:y, J. P." 

In the pioneer days Union township was farUicj- IVm;,! I he institutions 
of civilization than the settlements farther uorlh and i ;i ,1. It was thirty 
miles to the nearest grist mill, and it was a custom foj unr of the settlers 
to make up a wagon load of grain among tlu: neigh l.cj.^ and make the 
three day trip with an ox-team, distributing the flour or -orn meal among 
the owners of the grain upon his return. ^Vlien this supply I'an out an- 
■other man would take his turn in going to the mill. TIk miller's toll was 
hea^'J', and some of the settlers overcame the difiieulty hy liurning a hol- 
low in the top of a large stump for a mortar, and pounding theii- corn 
therein with a hard-wood pestle. The meal produced ]<y this method was 
coarse, ^)ut it was wholesome, and frequently the only supper served was 
a bowl of mush made of this meal and a generous porlion of fresh milk. 
The implements used by the pioneer farmers wei-e of Mw most primitive 
character. The first plow used in the township was oT the old "bull- 
tongue" pattern, and harrows were made by scU'ctiiii; a \"-sliaiH'd fork of 
a tree, boring holes at regular distances through each 1 : ^ineli of the fork 
and driving into them hard wood pegs for teelb. Wiicfii \\as cut with the 
cradle and bound by hand. In some cases the siekir, oi' "reap-hook," 
was used, especially if the grain was rank and tangled h> the wind. The 
grain was threshed with the flail, tramped out 1)>- drivii;;.' horses or cattle- 
over it on a piece of ground smoothed off foj' the inposi', or in some in- 
stances the "ground-hog" threshing machiiu' was i,., J. This would 

1 M .'■;!(•. 


. •'.'■,.,! 

; 'jj^jy 

'1! ■!.'(',' 

" T jiohiU 


.. <:y:f>1 


i.-.-'i . 


;, ,, , i; 

_ a.l<,[." 

1 ■ Of , 

'.'irl*-iiV"-.i o;I.' 


looseu the grain from the chaff, but did not separate tlieiii. The farmer 
must accomplish that by winnowing the grain — that is by tossing it into 
the ail' — tlie wind blowing the chaff awaj' and the grain falling upon a 
sheet. Occasionally there was a farmer who was the proud possessor of 
a "fanning mill," in which the wheat and chaff were poured into a hop- 
per at the top, and by turjiing a crank were shaken down through the 
mill, a revolving fan blowing the chaff out at the rear end while the wheat 
poured out of a spout at the bottom of the machine. ]\Iany a boy has 
blistered his hands ^vhile turning one of these fans, no doubt nnittering 
meanwhile mental maledictions upon the inventor. Now, the farmer 
frequently rides as lie plows, his grain is harvested with the twine binder, 
the lium of the steam thresher is heard instead of the "thud, thud" of 
the old-fashioned flail, and the fanning mill has gone, never to return. 
Not far from the western boundary, on the old Sauk trail, James or 
Thomas Snow (authorities differ as to the name), in 1833, erected the 
first frame house in the townsliii;). The lumber was hauled from Laporte, 
and when the building wa.s completed I\lr. Snow put in a small stock 
of goods, thus becoming Union township's first merchant. Two years 
later he sold out to Oliver Shepard, a Yankee, who put up a sign bear- 
ing the legend "The Hoosier's Nest," and in a short time the place be- 
came known far and wide. The fame of this place has been perpetuated 
in verse by John Finley, and as his poem is really a part of Porter 
county's history, it is here reproduced. 


-«, I'm told, in riding somewhere, 

A stranger found a Hoosier's Nest; 
In other words, a Buckeye cabin 
Just big enough to hold Queen Mab in, 
Its situation low, but airy, --.i.-- . 

Was on the borders of a prairie; " ! 
And fearing he might be benighted, 
He hailed the house, and then alighted. 

ohit Ji %nl'U'Aii v>! di tuiij — .iiirii, 
.■ 110 ; -'iiiil'/t i:[. ■'.•_■ ■till I,„,> \ 

' . -^■.- , ,. ■„, u(T,.,.„ .■„:■„. 

-ijti.ii j: CM'!' iw.jpiii Tii -.- ;,;,!■) I... 
Oil! ,r^iiQltit ivffvb (r.deitg 'v^t/j 
J' If'-/ 'il ;.,'.il7/ fTl-;, -Ifi-i'l ■ji't .'i^ - 
•I.; - ■, ' ;v •,:i,i'A rjn'u'-iv-ni ■>!(,' 

^lilT^'Mirif !''flf<.)'j '!.■. ,r;l!|i'l Oi-ii-J 

■i';i: '/'•'! 'if) ,v/'j>l .-Tji; ,-/rii ■.! 
-•iiiNi'i'' ;ii;;vM iiilj liW -,' i/;>;iv i;;r 

■ ill ;;;)!•»-;:• t'fe] ,n ,!',r'r 
,>;■;■. or. T ,,v.-,l (.Au.i^i ^,iVf 
?J.M)!'- Uiuui-; '; at ,l!i,( .'•I'u.-! .•' ! 

'JvmF .t>;ra I', qii )f;,j ,)i,iv/ .■).;■:' 



The Iloosier met hiiu at the door; 

Their salutations soon were o'er. : , 

He took the stranger's horse aside, 

And to a sturdy sapling tied; 

Then, having stripped the saddle off, 

He fed him in a sugar trough. 

The stranger stooped fo enter in, 

The entrance closing with a pin; 

And manifested strong desire 

To sit down by the log-heap fire, "" 

Where half a dozen Hoosieroons, 

"With mush and milk, tin-cups and spoons, 

White heads, bare feet, and dirty faces. 

Seemed much inclined to keep their places; 

But madam, anxious to display 

Her rough but undisputed sway, 

Her Offspring to the ladder led 

And cuffed the youngsters up to bed. 

Invited shortly to partake 

Of venison, milk and Johnny-cake, 

The stranger made a hearty meal. 

And glances round the room w^ould steal. 

One side was lined Avith divers garments, 

The other spread with skins of varmints; 

Dried pumpkins overhead were strung. 

Where venison hams in plenty hung. 

Two i-iflcs hung above the door, . iua t?:. 

Three dogs lay stretched upon the floor-^ •: ^i : 

In short, the domicile was rife '■,.-. t(,:,-,-M ,;!•("' .; 

With specimens of Iloosier life. ....' n' -i; ;■■-.■- i" 

The host, who centered his affections 

,lOOi> 'Ji;.! .!^ I'. 
,!"'(J -. 1.1-/,' jl,, 

,'j.ilfii 'iifH'fl '•.I';;, 

nJM p. ''i 

,-/.,f.rl (r.Ul'l'rlc 1 ., 

I, •■VI-' Mill)?,' :-..:;<n. ■.■.';' Lrin;;.' •■/,.-,-,:i -iiL 

vjiKdl .11 .!■( ..: (S 

.rau,' ,-•:!"•'/ 


Ou game, and rai'gt- and (iiunlc sfc-tions " "V- -y 

Discoursed his wi'ary gucsl i.>i- lidurs 

'Till Soinnus' all composing; I Kiw lis, ■■ 

Of subhvnary cares Ii^Toft 'cm ' '■■ i. . : . 

An llieii I came ;i\\;iy and Idi 'vm. ' .^■'■.! ■• 

It is claimed by some that this poem JirsI called attention to the use 
of the word "Hoosier" to designate an inliahilant of the state of Indiana. 
Tlie first school house in Union townshiji was a log structure, 18 by 20 
i'eet, located near the " Hoosier 's Nest," but the date of its erection is 
uncertain, and the name of the lirst teachci' cannot be learned. In Oc- 
tober, 1883, when the corner-stone of the court house was laid, Isaiah B. 
McGinley, at that time trustee of the township, prepared a historical 
sketch, in which he stated that there were 447 children of school age and 
ten school districts in the township. Since then a commissioned high 
school has been established at Wheeler, and the number of districts has 
been reduced to seven. Jhe teachers in Ww Wliecler high school for the 
year 1911-12 were: Thurraan 15. Rice, Hehn Whillock, Ruth R. Matthews, 
Vera S. Bradley, Flora Cobb, Kthel 0. b'nih and Irene Paddock. The 
teachers in the district schools were as follows : No. 2 (the Blaehly 
school), Frank Pei'egrine; No. 4 (the Pe(4; school), Mary Conrick; No. 
5 (Graves), Martha Marquart; No. 6 (Foster), Mary Cronacan; No. 
7 (Gordon), Elsie Ditlow; No. S (Cherry (]len), Lura Conrick; No. 10 
(Spafford), Anna Ehlers. 

A Sunday school was starlid in Portiij^' town.ship, just across the 
^iue, in 1838, Benson and Ira G. Harris, two residents of Union, being 
active participants in its organisation, an<l a majoi-ity of the attendants 
came from Union township. Al|ilieus Fniuli, a Baptist minister, held 
services in a grove at Blaehly "s ( 'orners in I lie spi-ing of 1836, and this 
was probably the first sermon j)i'cached in the township. Rev. Jacob 
Coleliisiei', a M(4hodist missioning', also luld s<'rviccs in the township at 
an early date, and conducted the first i|ii:Mierly meeting in January, 
b'i40. (See the chapter on Reli<.i-ious Hisii.ry.) 


^ffOit , V. •■,' ■,,•;, I, (III . 




iTfi -. il 

■ ■■.<[ /.'il :■:' 

■■■'I- !.:■ 10 f;:^il^i;.f ••;,-. ;:v., 
^ -': > '.-M ..;)- .js,,, .... .,; f,., 

"•::! t ..i>l . 'f.'rr^',-:- ' ^(rn 



In iJio luatlcr of public highways Union t( wnshi 

l,he luost- 

progi isive in the county, having nearly tliirty mlk:; oL' 1 i ■■. macadam- 
ized I'-ad. Several lines of railroad cross Xh- to\\m:\Ap i \arions di- 
rections. The Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Cliicago c "> northeast 
coi-ner, passing through 'Wliicler; the Grand Trunk i l, si and west 
through the central portion, and the Chesapeake & Olii-i u. , i I'.s the south- 
west corner. Wheeler is the only village of import:ini'^ i;' ';!(■ township. 
It was laid out in 1858, when the railroad went thiod:!', by Thomas 
A. E. Campbell, who owned tiie land upon which tlie vill. , is situated. 
The first business building uas that afterward oeeiiiiitd )■;> Siglar Bros, 
with a stock of goods, the second was the hotel called the V\ feeler House, 
and the third was used as a saloon by Carroll and 'L^iier. George 
Longishore was tlie first postmaster. At the proseni tit'c ' iieeler has a 
population of about 200, three general stores, a t<'ii-p''i'( exchange, a 
Methodist church, lodges of Odd Fellows and Foresteiv, ;: : ■ d mill, and 
a money order postoffice, tlu; only postofftce in thi^ lonn: ip. On the 
Grand Trunk is a small station called Sedley, which was IJHiiierly a post- 
office, l)ut which was discontinued upon the introduction of i:e free I'ural 
delivery system. Some of the maps show a place called Sjiriggsboro on 
the line between Union and Center townships, but the ri,',\iie does not 
appear on the railroad tinie-tal)les nor in the United St les postoffice 
guide, and no official plat of the town was ever recorded. 

The population of Union has had its "iips and down;; .-ihiiost from 
the organization of the to\vi!ship. In 1860 it was 867 : in , t) it Jiad in- 
creased to 1,057; ten years later it was 1,054; in 18!)0 ii -.1 decreased 
to 985; a further decrease followed during the next u' ^ ilie popula- 

tion in 1900 being only 938; then came a substantial ■_ ; nd in 1910 
it was 1,069, the iiighest in it.-, Jiistory. 

!■,/■■ 1 1- ■■ ' - ■ 

VS^ASIIINGTON TOWNSHIP • > ''' .■-'-'■' 

Washington towniship, in the middle of the eastern ; created 
by the board of county eonnuissioners on April 12, 18 a. ral changes 

'!:!■.■.': I ; |l I, II 'J U'ij .i ,',)ir'Jfi> •.'Jl.l IM "J'i-', M0''.(\ 

i .-.u.i.r. ,:,' ,.:.-| ,tt >iv^' 1.. Li J.J t. Ii; ;<';.■ M f/') '7 ' <^ '■■ -r 

■'"i.'.-,/' ,v ..!;■/!. 7/ ' , •,:...'„,'( d'[' '■ iO !*''«'▼ 

' '•-■'■ ;, i.-'i; ;i|'l ;-i-.i , , W Jj:,:/,-, . ,f : ,,,^v'. [ ,,■.. 'liHV 

•" - . j ■ ■ I, ■, '.'M,; !i;-i.h'.i-jV ■•■'.■■ /'">- ,'■"■■ . '■ 

■., ■■■ ■ ■ : ./-i i. ., -:/,-:'^'-;.!':.- :■., :■■: ■■ ■ ■- \. 

iiii I ■, :"i -' ■ ■!>] , i-.:.7i ,-; ■!,;, onqxj J. ■ 

:"l ' ■ . ;,;. : '>.■■-■ -. ";af\^ /r,,: ■;^i^ ;.'•• -: ^li' 00"' 'l 



have 1" -n made in the western iKaiii '^I'v, Ijuf Hk tow-nslip ol' Uie present 
day ]u.-, the original houud;ny 'iiis i^s csi.ibiiNlied wheri it was first 
erected. It is bounded on the lioiili i.v .f;icl<scin lo^vnship; on the east 
by L.ipoi'te county; on the south t . It. ■'>u!is!iip of Move:.;i,, ;nid on the 
west l)y Center. Its area is thiviy •..■ii!-;-.' i-Urs, being five )iiili>s in extent 
from east to west and six mik'S ficui nofili to sinith. The sui-face of the 
township is affected by the great .L'l;ici:i1 mui'iiine which pa ses tlirongh 
the central portion of the connly, and is f;'(Mierally iindulaluig in char- 
acter. Crooked creek, which is ilir, niiljri of Flint lake, enters near 
the noi'thwest corner and flows sontheasi hi section 23, lownship 35, 
range 5, where it turns almost due soutli, orossing the soutliern border 
about two miles west of the Lapm-ir' line. This slieam has two 
small tributaries in the northeast', rn so that the touu.ship is well 
watered and well adapted to gniziin,' and slorlc I'aising. The soil is simi- 
lar to that of the surrounding t()wns!;ii>s, lieing composed principally 
of clay and loam sandy in places, and imm'sIiv in a few localities. Some 
of the finest farms in^.the county ai-c iipLui tlie Morgan laairie, where 
the first settlements in the county -wen' uiadc. 

William ]\Iorgan is credited witli licin.u tlie first settler. He came 
from Wajme countj', Ohio in tlie spring .if 1833, and located upon the 
northern part of the prairie that still hoars Ins family name. Before the 
close of the year, Adam S. Campbell, Isaac, Morgan, Rulus Van Pool 
and Reason Bell also settled upon the prairie. Samuel Flint took up a 
claim where the village of Pra11 ville wa.,- lafer located, and .T.tcob Coleman 
settled aliout two miles south of Flic) s |ilacc. In 1834 -Tames Blair, 
Isaac "Werninger, James Baura and a *'f'\\ ntlicvs, among v.lioin was Ruel 
Stflrr, who afterward became ]iromiiir"tl,\' identified with the county's 
political affairs. Other settlers were David S. Holland, B'en.iamin Saylor, 
Levi Chainberton, Seth "Winslow, "W It Smith, Miclia;! and Andrew 
Ault, George B. Cline, Joseph Todd. Ilciir\' Rinker, Antlionj^ Boggs, 
Robert Fleming, John Shinaharj-'er, rrlci Clinc, Joseph Brewer and 
Clark Babcoek. All these men ;iiid a :• \ otlio's voted at tlie fii-st town- 
ship election on April 30, 183G. wlien i^ ■ y Rinker was elected justice 

i.-.i! gJSV, ;! .;:(»,- f J ),.,,, I, ' , , ,, 1 , fi' 

:•'■;) O'il '"■ ■ 'jiri-'ro, <■: /I. y.i ,, : !.i„,{ 

'■' ''•'■'^ ■''■ ■■ ■' •■"■ • •' ■ ■'■ ■■ ■,. \ ..:■ "Hi :,>.-iJT ' ^ lit,; .,■ 

; J /■ 


'< u:)!". A .'ii::r/ '-.'(t 

•.iiiC'VMtf ;.;..■' Jit})', nri /; 

■AW, .)■-•.:! 

' .' v^OiT HA .7V.>,r;Jfi,'l .f"! 


of the peace, receiving twenty -three voles. W. ]i. Smith received twenty 
votes and Peter Cline, seventeen, making a total ol' sixty votes cast. 

There were still a few Indians in Washington township wlicu flie 
first settlers came. iNear the place where Prattville was ai'terward laid 
out there was a Pottawatomie village of 100 or more inhabitants, witli 
a burying-gj'onnd near it. While these Indians were of some annoyance 
to the whites, they did not conmiit any serious depredations, and in 1836 
they removed to another location near the Kankakee river, in the south- 
ern part of the county, where they remained until 1842, when they were 
removed west of tJie Alississippi. 

The first white child born in the township was Rea.son Bell, Jr., a son 
of Reason and Sarah Bell, M'ho had come from Wayne county, Ohio, in 
1833. The date of birth of their son, who was also the first white child 
born in Porter county, was January 11, 1834. No record can be found 
to show the first death or the first marriage. The first "big" house- 
raising was in 1834, when some thirty settlers gathered to assist Isaac 
Morgan in raising a double log house on section 16, a little north of 
the Laporte road. The first tavern was opened in this year* by David 
Oaks not far from Prattville. A year or so later John Shinabarger 
started the second tavern ahout a mile north of Oak's place. The first 
store was opened in the double log house of Isaac Morgan above referred 
to, lat^ in 1834 or early in 1835. In May, 1836, Andrew Ault opened 
a general store about three-fourths of a mile west of Prattville. He also 
took out license to retail liquor, his license costing him ten dollars per 
annum. The first shoe shop was established in 1835 by Adam S. Camp- 
bell, who brought his leather and other materials from the state of New- 
York. The same year Russell opened the first blacksmith shop near 
Prattville. The first school was taught bj' ]\Iary Hammond in the winter 
of 1835-36. Tiie first school house was built the following year, and 
not long afterward the Luther school house was erected. Among the 
early teachers were Thomas Campbell, George Partial, Nancy Trim, Dr. 
Pagin and Lowry Hall. In 1911-12 Washington had a township high 
school and five district schools, in which the teachers were as follows: 

i ', liil-.rr/.-r-t Hiir^li/ ni i;;.vi!.:ll ti:}\ i'. 

,,,,..;,if-r|M. v; ,..; ",-. MMf >., ■.M^.lil' .-'■!•■"; ^■■'.■•' ' 

'.(Ij ,,; , ■■;■•! ■; ,,:.:Jl ;!/i Dili (iit-'tf '■ 

■■.,[-, ,.,^-» ./. -^: .7, ..■<■■- ,u;'. •■...i; ^ 
^,> ;,.>-- ;.■: •• v.. .>t>^^l ,. ■ '■•■ 1'"'^' 

.■^;^|-- ;,,fi ^;; ,,:,,.:,.,;,, ., ■•• -■. 

, > :.' ' j;''1 iiiiiirin;! - -i-j-.'fi .'in .101. iul I'wW: ■ ' ".'' 

:,:._-, . <f, It! ;:■ -Oil!:* fun ' 
^.■.■:, .1..* ; -Ml o^'A !»''i-i3f;o <R--' 



High school, Elmore Pfny and Mory Triulolk'; District Xo. li (tlic 
Luther school), Bess Fiuney; No. 1 (Pi-attvillc), Gracia Green ; Xo. r> 
(Bryarly), Mariola Cornell; No. 6 (Island), Lillian Burns; No 7 
(Blake), Maude Green. 

No stirring events have ever oceui'red in Washington townsliii>, hiiii-(; 
its history differs vei-y little from Ihat of any agricultural conniiuiiily. 
The men who redeemed the soil from its wild state and brought it vimlcr 
cultivation cared little for the more exciting phases of life, and were 
content to pursue "the even tenor of their way." Their life was one 
of toil, sometimes privation, hut it had its recompense. They saw the 
Indian and the wild lieast distippear before the march of civiliziitiou ; 
many of them lived to see the raih'oads come and place Porter county in 
comnmnication with other portions of the country; their social inlrr- 
course was usually without envy or jealousy and their friendships were 
sincere, and they have handed down to their posterity an inheritance in 
which their children and their children's children may feel a just pride. 
As in other portions of the county, the early settlers were compelled to 
go to Michigan City for tlieir supplies or to market their surplus products. 
The nearest grist mill was at Kingsbury, a little village about six miles 
southeast of Laporte, and for several years grain had to be taken tliere 
to be ground. In a few instances the pioneer farmers went nearly a 
hundred miles to obtain good seed for planting, yet with all these diffi- 
culties to contend with the coui-agoous frontiersman persevered, and to 
him Porter countj' owes a debt that can never be repaid. 

Washington township is crossed by four miles of railroad, all running 
Jn an easterly and westerly direelion. Near the center of the to\vnship 
is the Grand Trunk, but there is no station on this line in Washington. 
The Baltimore & Ohio ci'osses the northeast corner. Coburg, near the 
northern boundary is a station on tlus line and a trading center for the 
northern part of Washington and the southern part of Jackson townships. 
The Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago enters at the southeast corner 
and runs a little north of west through Valparaiso, and the New Y<uk, 

.1 . !i:'i,..!:jvr-u •.;... ,■• n.'u i.V.v.'i. AUd V 

■. ■ . !• -. -m io 

■.:» . -r. t r . '^[■■■q'^i-l.'^'l '■■^'. : <}::'.{ ... .- ■ 

, v: M. ■;?■■, !,. .'•■;f;.:: -iiit '.'ii ;."!■', I ) rr '< ^ ^ ^ .■r't'n )■"•'.:'< h'.i.', 

:-l' 111.' :■( ,":n!.;'[li:' 

.-'..!" 1 ;j.';i'!i; ■?:■ ''iv '•;; iit a ,vi( 

• i.'.-m;i Uvy fir-'i'Ti'!! Tn'iiio;!} -Iji? ,i'l:. 
't ')!■■ r>';i:i7»'i:K; lU'.i) 

;! ■^. :-._:( viit lo •.iitTT'i'i ii::j TfivZ jii: 
i: :-'L ' , 7/ ,:.' 'iivf >.;:!.! cty jn)iloJ>i on ;■ 
' ' U '>". ::.-'>'.-.y^' .'i''ifl>i-> )8B^'!!<nic -i' 
lii; !■■' ■!;,.: . • -^-..i:;!;-!; u 'jci; 
^.'i(.t'.jw,'i.j fi. '..!-,'j;'. '■■> ;'w;n :. ■ 

r. :;•!•■.. ',.;'/;.,..- -^.lij fK K ■::.rii;. ij-is-::! 't >• •)1KII'// )l')^{ 
,.-l'.'7 •■■■/'' >■■:' Siiii ,<.>Kii:'Ti'tir;V i':;iMi-ii:.t :,:..■. ■/! '' 


Chicago & 8t. Louis (Nickel Plate) crosses llic ;-ioiitb\vest couicr. Tlie 
time-tables of the last named road show a small .staticm called ^Nickel two 
miles east of Valparaiso and near the l)oundai\' line between the town- 
ships of 'Wasliiugton and ilorgan. There arc aboiil filtcr'H miles of 
macadamized road in AVashington, and as the distan.'c (o \'alpai-aiso is 
not }nore than eight miles from any portion of the lounshij), the people 
depend chiefly upon that city for their supplies. There i^^ tjo postoffice in 
the township, Imt mail is disti-ibuted daily thi'OU'r.'i Ihc nicdiiim of the 
rural free delivery routes that traverse all pari'' of the ccjuuI.s'. The 
population in 1890 was G70: in 1900 it had fallct; !«. iifKi, hut during the 
next decade there was a substantial gain, the popnialion in 1910 being 

The old to-vvn of Prattville, mentioned several times in the above 
sketch of Washington township, was laid out by Tlioiuas Pratt, Wilson 
Malone and Lyman Beach. It occupied the east half of the iiortliwest 
quarter of section 21, township 35, range 5, on the Ijapoile road, about 
two miles east of tlie city of Valparaiso. The j)lat was recorded on 
November 11, 1856, and a few lots were sold, but the town never became 
a substantial reality and the name is about all that remains. 

Wilson Malone, son of Lester Malone, was born in Ross county, Ohio, 
June 1^, 1805, and in that county came to manhood. The death of his 
parents in his jouth left him to his own resources, and in 1826, when he 
was twenty-one years old, he came west, stopping in Fountain and Mont- 
gomery counties, Indiana. On February 22, lS.'i2, he mairied Sarah 
Swank, born in Springfield, Ohio, October 15, ISl], tlie daughter of 
Jacob Swank, an early settler in Montgomery counly. In the same j'car 
of his marriage he removed to La Porte county ami laler eanic to Porter 
county, where he continued to reside until his deatli. Deei mlier 22, 1876. 
His first earnings were invested in Porter county land; he v>as one of 
the prosperous men of his day and was the owner cif nmre tlian 1,000 
acres of land at the time of his death. 

rj' .■■■'■i!;r. •:: .Vm.'!.!,-; viU ;.^;v,';r;i ,-,7 
,: 'it 'I'M iiii i.'jil I.;!! • IK.';iXJj< tl il.f ■ 

',] '..:: !.>: 


...',| -* JT .|-...-,;.-:-. i).:;iV/ 1'; 

• ■: '■:'. " .:. !•;.;'.' ,t^.->V;" -n<\PS< uA ,J>I(> --'Ii,':'-, •.•;•- ,_m' 

; ' .' ' ■■.'".■-0 ;.>diO ,',; jH.; li" , , .- i;;'>ii 
■ I r. ; ■;)'!'■ . ;(f(0;/ in ■■ 



When the board of count}' uoniiuissionei'S issiK-d tlii' order of Apiil 
12, IS'dG, dividing the county into ten civil tOAMislnps, the t.Miitoi-v now 
comprising Westchester was included in the townships of l,;ili, Ijihciiy 
and Wiiverly. Two months later Hie citizens of L;ilce and Wavcrly tnuii- 
ships petitioned the board of county commissioners f<n' Die consolidatioii 
of the two townships. Tlie pefition was granted and the nrw township 
thus formed was called Westcliester. As thus created, it iiiclinli'd all 
tluit portion of tlie county lying north of the line dividiiiL' lowiisliip HG 
and 37. Subsequent changes Avere made by the erection of Piiu; to\\;n- 
ship, and changes in the boundaries of Liberty and rorlafjr. milil West- 
ehe.stei' was reduced to its present size. It is bounded on Hie n(n-th by 
Lake JMichigan ; on the by Pine and Jackson townships ; nti the south 
by the townships of Jackson, Liberty and Portage, and nn the west by 
Portage. Its area is about thirty-three square miles. In the nortberu 
part are the sandhills so common along the shore of Lake Miehij.'an, bat 
the central and southern portions have a more fertile soil and are well 
adapted to agriculture. Originally the surface was cnvered with a 
heavy forest growth, but the poi-ta])le sawmills have used up jn-actically 
all the native timber suitable for lumber. A great deal of sand has been 
shipped to fihicago, and in the vicinity of Chesterton ai-e fine beds of 
clay which has been utilitized extensively in the maiuifaetiDc of briek 
both common and pressed. These elaybeds and the sandhills are the oniy 
mineral deposits of commercial impf)rtance in the township. 

It was in Westchester township that the first white settler in Poi'ter 
county built his cabin. In 1822 Joseph Bailly loe;itcd on the Calumet 
river, at the place later known as Lailly Town. A moi'e eoiui'lele account 
of Mr. Bailly and his frontier post will be found in Chajitei- 111. In 1 S:i.':> 
Jesse I\Iorgan came with his family and settled in what is nnw AVest- 
chester. His daughter Hannah, born in February, IsiiM, w;is the iii-st 
wlute child born in the township. In 1835 William Tlionii.s. Sr.,W)lliani 
Cosset, Jacob Beck, John Ilagenian, John Foster, Willi^mi b'l'ame and 

'' '"I :■:!) ..: ;i'ii*;r/,'f«t It'/i 
f" >■'.' ■■< '* .<'ionn{:.- ■:,,( ' 

i ' ■ ■ ■■■•■ ,' .IJf.ll ■ t 

!(.;■•■' .'h 

:t-ii f 1'.:: ;<-y. 

'1. ■-■I .;■;■!!.; 

■y/H\> .■;.'li'; ■, fi;:: ' ^i 
-■'» li./- A ,,-.J:;,i. 

■ IK ;■•■!,: -:i - iv /i-.i!' ■/■) [■y'is'.,'ii- 

■I '■1:1 1... j Mt. 

•'' I^"' -'i 'i'i; M.i-n';; ■' . ''- '■*'.i>')7/ ni CSV, 


Pivsslcy Warniek brought their J'liniilies and located iu AVestchpster. 
So)iic of tliese meu sultU'd iu territory iiftcrward added to other townships 
aud llicir names apjieai' as pioueei'S thej'ein. Otlier early settlers were 
Eli Hendricks, Elhauan Ranks, William Coleman, Alfred Marvin, two 
men named Abbott and i\lc(.'(>y, riiid a iiuilatto named Landy Gavin, who 
had purchased his frevalom J'rom slavery. Tlie lirst death iu the town- 
ship was a son of Joseph Bailiy in 1827, and the first mari-iage was that 
of Esther Bailiy to Col. John 11. Wistler, who came from Detroit in 1803 
and erected old Port Dearborn near the mouth of the Chicago river. 
Their marriage occurred in Chicnge, but they later became residents of 
the township. The second marriage was between Samuel Tiiomas and 
Lucille Hale. 

In the winter of 1833-34 a pi'ivate school was taught at the home of 
Jesse Morgan, but the name of the teacher cannot be ascertained. Two 
years later a school was taught in a vacant trading post on section 5, 
township 36, range 5, about a mile and a half east of the present town 
of Chesterton. As the population inei'eased regular school districts 
were organized, school houses erected and teachers employed under the 
public school syslem. In the year 1911-12 tliere were twenty-three 
teachere employed in the public schools of the township and the incoi-po- 
rated towns of Chesterton and Porter. Eleven of these teachers were 
iu the conimissoned high school at Chesterton, viz ; P. M. Goldsborough, 
superintendent, Galeman Dexter, principal, Matilda Swanson, Agnes 
Long, Helen Miller, Etta Oslicrn, Jennie Crane, Dott Osborn, Agnes 
Morgan, Rose Murphy and Mabel Pelham. E. E. Stultz was princii)al 
of the grammar school at Porter, and his a-ssistanls were Emily Peterson, 
Tennia Osborn, Mary Bradt and Anna Kossakowski. Of the ten school 
districts at one time, three have been discontinued through consolidation, 
etc. The teachers in the disti'ict schools for tlie year 1911-12 were as 
follows: No. 3 (Furncssville), Edith Lindslrom ; No. 4 (Waverly), 
Edna Doyle; tlicre are two schools in District No. T), that at P>ailly Town 
taught by Ennna Peterson, and the one at City West b_v Bertha Carlson ; 
No. 6 (Old Porter), P. M. \Vnni)le; No. 7 (Kalt Creek), Mabel Brum- 

,,,,,,;^ Fw':;-. .n.■.■^■^- ' ^"-i'''"'' ' ^'" .''".", ^ 

,1; I ,, 

.',-•'■:•; ■(■>;;■■ i 


,..vvi .:• ^^''-'>^> -■ ■- "'■''■'' ,'" ,^■,^V;..■'•^=''^■ 
■'■'■'"' "'i'^' ''''!,' ^ J'''!;;'.'.-.:/' -. ''^i''^'- ^--" ■"-■'"'' '■' 
!■'■■■ '■■■'■■■''' ,,,',,-■ '"'"' '"* ^'"■'' ' 

IllSTOKY OF rORTER ('(U \^^• 


mitt; No. 10 (Mfisqiiilo Tonn), Oral Ilaslotl. Tlic srlmol liouses in all 
these clisfvicts are luodern iji their design, avoI! (.■quiiipcd with working 
apparatus, etc., showing that the people of Wcslclnsl fr are not behind 
in their ideas pertaining to tlie education of their rliihin'ii. 

The first attempt to estalilish a town was in the spi inu' oF 1835, when 

■s • 



PuHLic School, CuESTKiirox 

John Poster, who was a sur\'eYor, laid out the town ol' \V;i\erly on land 
belonging to William Gossd about two miles tuirthwisl ul' the present 
town of Chesterton. Several thousand dollars were expended in making 
improvements, bnt in 1838 a forest fire destroyed the work tliat had been 
done and the town was abandoned. City West was d aliout a year 
after Waverly. It was loeaied near tlie mouth of ]''ort ■ reek and for a 
time promised to become a town of considerable iii'iipdrl ioir , but a change 

■f'-y >o 

ri'//V 1., ■j(qi«>q Off' )( ;l,f 

..'rx! l.uti l:.r; 

■ 'MVi \,(u. ■ ■ 

:■!: ;,;., on. 
.•iiiii '■■.•? : 

I'l .itohj 


ill the main route of travel iuflictcd sucli an injury n|i(in thr town tliat 
it sank into decay. Porter (al'terward called Old I'n-lei) was s(:irtcd 
when the ilichigan Central railroad was built in Ihc cavly ''>().<. The 
first house there was erected lij' John Richards and us-d J'oi- ;i sin i Tlie 
second and third were built by Frederick Michael aiid used lor ■„ store 
and dwelling, respectively. A postottice was establi-slird at J'uiirf soon 
after it came into existence and continued there until l.S7'J, win u it was 
removed to Ilagemau, which was started in that year !iy Henry ! la'j-cmau. 
A new postoffice was cBtablished at Porter the followiiuc y.'ai-. Tlie two 
offices being onlj^ a mile apart there was considerable coiu'iisioji ui Ihe 
distribution of mail, and the office at Hageman was finally disi'onliiuied. 
The present town of Porter was incorporated early in ilic year 1908, 
with a population of about 500. Furnessville, iu the nuriiuastfrn part, 
takes its nanw froia Edwin L., who was appoint' -d postma.ster 
when the postoffice was established there in ]8G1. This place was former- 
ly known as IMurraj^'s Side Track. No I'egular plat of this jjlace was 
ever recorded. A Mr. Morgan built the first house there in IKi'i. Two 
years later Mr. Furness built a frame house and opened a store. 

Chesterton, the largest town in the township and second largest in 
the county, was at first, known as Coffee Creek, from tlie stream of that 
name. It is said that the creek is so called because a teamslcr lost a bag 
of coffee in it while ti'ying to ci-oss at a time of high water. A postoffice 
was establislied there as early as 1833 and was kept by Jesse IMorgan for 
nearly twcntj' yeai-s. It was first located on section G, southeast of the 
present town, and was called Coffee Creek postoffice. After several years 
the people gi-ew tired of the name Coffee Creek and changed it to Calu- 
met, after the river which flows just north of the town. 'When the Lake 
Shore & Michigan Soulliern railroad was completed in iS.'i'J, llie town 
moved northward to the railroad and by the close of tliat ycai- there 
were some twentj' or more houses in Calumet. The ne.\t year the jiost- 
offiee was removed from Coffee Creek and the name changeil (a coii(-;pt>nd 
to that of the town. In the meantime a postoffice had lieeii es!al)li; lied 
at New City AVest, about a mile south of the old City AVesI, ;\iu\ tliis 

.!-'!!■■■ I 


;4i_,Jl:'i.Kj IH 

_!ivl .(; vv- 

::<iO :■>■■ 

-f ■ r,-' 


.,; ;:f;;--r ■■■ ■■ '■•!&: 


.;. ;,-..,■ ■.. ■:■■" ' '■'.'''■'0 H'-''' 

„ ,;„,, :h .^v. --■.-> :,.;(./; n^-'-rll ■•■'■,;; 

., ^ r,^ , ,- -i'lir.'.,. .;ir ;il " ■'>» -■ 


office was consolidated with the one at Calumet, with D. 11. ll(i])lviiis as 
postmaster. The first house in the present town dC (Ui'-slci'lini was 
erected by Lnther French in 1852 and was used foi' a IkiIcI muh t the 
name of the Sieger House. The second was b\iil( hy a man ii;ii h.I ImiucIi. 
The first brick building was erected by Young & AVolt in I' 7!- -lust 
when the name was changed to Chesterton is a matter oi' soni. (jiiiVriiicc 
of opinion. The adjutant-general's report of enlistment.'^ i'i>r si rvic m 
the Civil war shows a Porter county companj^, most of the iin'iiiher.s ol' 
which came from' Calumet, so it is probable that the name Oliesterlou 
was not adopted until during or after the war. It is said that Ibe name 
was clianged to avoid eonfiision wilti tlie town of the same u.ime in the" 
State of Illinois. The present name was derived fi'om that ol' the town- 
ship. The Northern Indiana House was Ijuilt by Leroy iJi'irwu jilioul 
1855, and kept as a hotel by him for several years. In the early Tids Mr. 
Hopkins removed the Central Hotel from City West to Calumet, wlieie 
it was remodeled and used as a house of entertainment fur iti;iny years. 
In the early days Calumet (or Chesterton) was known as a "tough" 
town, having at one time nineteen saloons, thoxigh the pojuilatiou num- 
bered only about 300. That has all been changed, and the Chesterton 
of the present is as orderly a tOAvn as there is in northern Indiana 

On March 31, 1899, a petition was filed %vith the board of county 
commissioners asking for the incorporation of Chesterton, A census 
taken according to law, showing 198 votei*s and a total jiopulation of 
716. At a special meeting of the commissioners on April 24(h, an 
election was ordered for I\Iay 4, 1899, when the people should vote on 
ths" question of incorporation. The proposition was carried by a vote 
of three to one, and since then Chesterton has been an incorporiiliil town. 
Chesterton has a bank with a capital of $25, 000, an ice rom])aiiy, a 
telephone exchange, a number of well appointed retail stores (-nering all 
lines of merchandise, Catholic, Methodist, Lutheran and Swcdisli Metho- 
dist and Lutheran churches, and lodges of a number of th>' Ir.idiiii: 
secret and benevolent organizations. The population w;!s 1,400, an 

01.. . ' : . . i'(.ii. u ■■ J ' ! 1'^' ,.:.•; It 

^t' rr'ir •/, -: n ;! ,--;■■/ ■„!: 
.1'; ■:■• '-.if' u<.-/' r. , ;.--i. ,f.,: 

'.■■■:•■ .;'t ,ll .;•::-.., J. -^ ■■■. 

'I- .r'i iit ;;'m'7 . )■:' ; M,V; 

i ■ ■■ ■ t ■■ r.,;.: .,' 

;, .ir ,■. '1-,- • .Mv-.:,„t; jifT 

y.'Jt ,.ni 

■' ' n;. (•,.;■. .ii':;r. I I-:ii>nlt')i/' •:. ( hr'J , 
'. ■i';f'"'a .,, 1o . 'L/I".'' fix., ,..;<.[•>•! 0li-> 

190 lliSTORY 01' IMi;Ti:k COUNTY 

iiK-rease of 612 tlr.ring the prco'iliiiK' !''ii yi'iirs. (See Chapters XII 
and XIII for detailed accounts of fi'^ilei iia' "r::aiiizations and churches.) 

Some difficultj was eneounterrd in flic in ■oi'poration of the town of 
Porter. A petition was first filed wiili tin' couuty commissioners on 
Au^ist 7, 1!)U7, liut when it cauic fi)r'iny,- on Septendier 2nd, a 
number of citizens appeared and asked lor the exclusion of certani 
territory. The board dismissed the pelilion, chiefly on the grounds that 
the petitioners had filed no bond. On Octol)cr 7th a new petition, 
accmnpanied by a satisfactory bond, was lilcd willi the board, but again 
the renionstrators appeared and su'eciied in defeating the project to 
incorporate. The petitioners then ajipealed to tlie circuit court, which 
tribunal ordered an amended plat, occluding the territory in question, 
a'ld the matter M'a-s then referred back to (lie eonnnissioners, who ordered 
an election to be held on the day of Kehruavy, 1908, when the 
people might vote on the question of iii.-orporation. At that election 
eighty-three votes were cast in favor of the jn-opcisition, and only eighteen 
in the negative. Porter has one ('ongiegational and three Lutheran 
churches, a connnereial club, a large department store and several other 
mercantile establishments, and in 1910 reported a population of 524. 

Westchester township is well supplied with railroads. The Michigan 
Central, the Lake Shore & Michigan Southern, the Elgin, Joliet & 
EasteriL and the Pere Marquette all center at Chesterton and Porter, the 
Chicago, Lake Shore & South Bend electric line passes through the north- 
ern part, and another electric line connects Chesterton v^ith Valparaiso. 
AVest of Chesterton there is a place marked "Cilliertville" on some of 
the maps, but no ofificial plat of the town was ever liled in the office of 
the county recorder. There are about thirty mihs of macadamized 
road in the township. 

In 1890 the population of the towiiship was 2,669. During the next 
ten years it decreased to 2,455, but since IfinO ilicrc has been a marked 
increase, anfl in 1910 it was 2,953, a gain rjf almost 50(1 during the decade. 

t/ul" ' 

■-,,, /.t;;i^.i, 

<|("i Wl'l.'- 

] J , ,, 

'' ''"'i T 

1-, •I'xIf.KH 

:m i ■«■■ 

i:. .'u.i".-| ft <■!' -yr'i 
/ M-..( ■■fii Jo tj.'.{<l '■' 

:.r,'. •■■'ri va-i; 









Some natural feature, such as a waterfall, the power of whicli oan 
be utilized for manufacturing purposes, the head of navigation on a 
large river, a rich mineral deposit, or a safe harbor ou the coast of a 
laie or the sea, frequently determines the location of a city. Soiiift 
cities have their beginnings in the small settlement that gi-ows up 
around a military post. Others have been called into existence by legis- 
lative enactment, and still others have originated in the minds of j)ro- 
moters or speculators. Valparaiso belongs to the last naineil class. 
When Porter county was formed, it was with the understandin;: ih;i( 
all the territory lying between the central line of range 7, west, and liic 
western boundary of the state should soon be erected into a scjiaialc 




county. A few men of sagacity and foresight, b ;lieving that the com- 
missioners appointed to locate a county seat would be inclined to seek 
such location near the center of the comity as it would ultimately be, 
conceived the idea of laying off a town at or near that point. Accord- 
ingly, the Portersville Land Company was organized soon after the act 
erecting the county was passed by the legislature of Indiana. It was 
composed of J. F. D. Lanier, Benjamin and Enoch McCarty, John and 
"William Walker, John Saylor, Abraham A. Hall and James Laughlin, 
aU residents of the county except Jlr. Lanier, who lived at Madison, 
Indiana. Benjamin McCarty was the o^\'ner of the southwest quarter 
of section 24, township 35, range 6, which tract was selected for the 'site 
of Portersville. This particular quarter section lies on high ground, giv- 
ing it a good natural location for a town, and it had the further advan- 
tage of being on the road running from Laporte to Joliet at the point 
where the road to Chicago branch off. It is also near the center of the 
county. The county seat commissioners made their report on June 9, 
1836, designating the site for the court-house on this quarter section ; the 
plat of Portersville M'as completed on July 7, and duly recorded on Oc- 
tober 31, 1836. 

In the meantime William K. Talbott had laid out a town on his 
farm, about a mile and a half northwest of Valparaiso on the Chicago 
road, and riot far from where the old Catholic cemetery was afterward 
located. This town he named Porterville, the only difference between 
that and the east town being the letter "s" in the latter, giving it the 
possessive form. Two other sites were also brought before the commis- 
sioners for their consideration — one in Washington township, where the 
town of Prattville was afterward laid out, and the other at Flint Lake. 
In the last some Indianapolis capitalists were interested. ■ The Porters- 
ville Land Company, having the advantage in location and offering the 
most liberal inducements, secured the county seat, and in tliis way the 
city of Valparaiso had its birth in the schemes of a body of speculators. 
There is no charge that the members of the Portersville Land Company 
used any underhand methods, or any imdue influence, witli tlie connnis- 

..'ifL;\..>,vJ c- ■■■ .1 'k;-i , 

■ [i;. ' :'.U, 

:>Jt ■/,.■.■ . ■,:• H. IM!^ , -. ^.- 


sioaers to '<!!cure a fav )rable decision. It is said liiat they did not even 
tj'eat the "imTnissionen to drinks or cigars, or invite them to dinner. 
■The indii-f-ments offeri^d were wholly in the interests of the county, 
being the donation of one entire block for the court-honse site and the 
gift of ninety-six lots, with a further donation of some $1,200 for the 
erection of public buildings. 

The orip;inp,l plat of Portcrsville included all that part of the pres- 
ent city of Valparaiso bounded by Erie, Morgan, Water and Napoleon 
streets and one tier of lots fronting east and west north of Erie street. 
These ten lots comprised the fractional blocks from No. 1 to No. 5, 
inclusive. Between Erie and Chicago streets lay the five blocks num- 
bered 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10, and south of Chicago street were the blocks 
numbered from 11 to 35, inelnsi\e, block No. 23 being the square re- 
served for the court-house. Bach block was divided into eight lots. No 
lots north of Chicago street were given to the county liy the Porters- 
viUe Land Company, but south of that street the lots numbered 2, 4, 6 
and 8 in eacli block were deeded to Samuel dinger, as the agent of Por- 
ter count,/ to receive the same, by Benjamin McCarty, who liad been 
given power of- attorney by the other members of the land company, 
this deed bearing the date of July 25, 1836. The power of attorney, 
which was given to Benjamin McCarty on June 14, 1836, empowered 
him "to grant,' sell, alien and convey any part or parts of- said quarter 
section (the northwest quarter of section 24, township 35, range 5) of 
land and deeds make for the same, the said lots or parcels of land to 
Be sold by our said attorney, McCarty, in as full and ample a manner 
as though we held no title. Bond or claim upon the same, and he was 
full and absolute owner of the samg at such prices & upon such terms as 
he may think fit, ' ' .etc. 

The north and south sti-eets iu the original to^vn of Portei-sville, 
beginning at the east side, are Morgan, Michigan, Franklin, Washing- 
ton, Lafayette and Napoleon. The east and west streets, beginning on 
the north are Erie, Chicago, Jefferson, Main, Mechanic (now Indiana 
avenue), Monroe and Water (now Lincoln avenue). Several additions 

SCI '. -■■ 

■'•.ki Bn/); --(ti? ■■•!-fCii(-,-t-ir' 

■r'ioqtjl/f birr. • '• 

:^ .i'/l 01 ; ,v:: ,: . 

'■■ •:.: -rf-;'ofd '.v;: -;j ■-;: . 

;^''-v'':i '.^rff ;-■:■ "7 1\)')y,;,. i.-, :,',;,-;' ; 
■•' ■'■■;::(•-■> • ;■ ;• ■I'll i; : ■,■■■:, .1 
■■''■'^ ,>;i'.' .Ifhii'i .!, -■■[ hfi'-i .'■ sr;' 
■t-.fTy: :,d; •' -/.-ko-^ ,' ot 
S ,t ,S J.s' f, --rol . : ,■' 

-•«)■[ ^<,i li;"J;R filj yj , 'J .;;,,, 

vufuVLU'-.:- bo.'-! ':••': lo ;-,■■,. 

,-■:;) J.nn:)i,. 3q -,,.,v., J _,j:^-^ 

fJ -li f'Jic/f 



wfr|aBsn.'„ m 

y^'V'.nn jiaTJion 


have been made to the city since the original plat was filed iu the re- 
corder's office in 1836. The first of these were Haas' and Pierce's ad- 
ditions, plats of which were recorded iu April, 1854. West Valparaiso 
was added about a mouth later. It is bounded on the cast by the out- 
lots 18 and 19; on the north by Third street; on the soulh by First 
street and the Joliet road, being triangular iu shape. East of the old 
town site of Portersvillo is "Woodhull's addition, extending fi-om the 
northern boundary of the old plat to Union street, and from the east 
line of the outlets to East street, containing thirty-six blocks. The 
plat of this addition was recorded on April 5, 1856. Soutli of Wood- 
hull's addition, is Smith's addition, which extends to the Pittsburgh, 
Fort Wayne & Chicago railroad, and includes the site of the Valparaiso 
University. It was laid out about three years after Woodhull's, the 
plat being recorded on Jidy 18, 1859. On May 9, 1859, was filed the 
plat of North Valparaiso, including ten blocks of fractional blocks, ex- 
tending from the original survey northward to Elm street and from 
Calumet avenue on the \vest to Valparaiso street on tlic east. West of 
this lies Powell's addition, which was added to the city on July 28, 
1860. It is bounded by the old survey on the south; Calumet avenue 
on the east; the south line of the fair grounds on the north, and Camp- 
bell street on the west. The Institute addition, three blocks north of 
the Joliet road and west of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago 
railroad, was made to the city in March, 1864. West of Campbell 
street are Southwest Valparaiso, which M'as added in Novenil)er, 1864, 
Chaiitauqua Park, Campbell's subdivision and Emmetlslmrg. An ad- 
dition of twenty-eight blocks was made to North Valparaiso in ^lay, 
1869. The Council addition, on the east, south and southwest sides of 
the city, was made in 1883. On the east side this addilion includes 
Suman's, Church's, Pinney's, Bradley's and Banta's subdivisions 
and Brown's outlots, while on the south and southwest it is divided 
into large lots, suitable for factory sites, etc. With these various ad- 
ditions the city limits have been extended until the city of Valparaiso 
now embraces the east half and the northwest quarter of section 23, all 

I'H'i "■■ ■ i:;jl:- ■ yiit I. 

'K r.i: t,, .„^iJ .;,q., 

1 •!,.; -• f:i- 

•l , 

■ ly. '/.: I jii'v,. !i. t. ;-ii!;iit JKO'ffiUiria :m!) bru I'Ai/ 


of section 24, the north half of section 25, the northeast (luartor and 
the cast half of the northwest quarter of section 2G, all in lowuship 3r>. 
range 6, making a total area of two and a half square miles A\dthin t!i; 
present corporate boundaries. 

Hubert M. Skinner's History of \^alparaiso, published in 1^70, 
says on page 9; "Among the early immigrants of '34 Avas a Mr. J. P. 
Ballard, who erected the first building upon the site of our city. It 
was in the valley by the stream which flows beneath the ilorgaii street 
bridge, that this first cabin rose, and in the grounds which are now 
attached to Judge Talcott's residence on Water street. The ImiUliiu' 
was a rude log cabin, but its location rendered it a pleasant home, and 
the events which transpired beneath its humble roof have attached in 
it a historic interest." 

It was in this cabin of Ballard's that the county commissioners of 
Porter county lield their first session in April, 1836, and their second 
session was also held there the following month. Immediately after the 
commissioners appointed by the legislature to locate the county seat 
had rendered their decision in favor of Portersville, speculation in to« u 
lots commenced, those fronting upon the public square being in greatest 
demand. The first building in this part of the tovai was a rough boiid 
structure erected by Cyrus Spurlock — the first county recorder — on 
the soiAhwest corner of Main and Washington streets, where the 
Academy Block now stands. A little later Jolm Saylor erected a liuild- 
ing on the north side of Main street, just east of the alley and fronting 
the public square. On August 22, 1836, Cornelius Blachly bought the 
lot just across the alley from Saylor's aiid put up a building, and abor.i: 
the same time Dr. Seneca Ball erected a small store building on Mniii 
street at the northeast corner of the public square. ' Opposite Ball's 
and a little farther east was the store oC Jeremiah Hamell, which Axas 
also established in the summer of 1836. William Eaton purchased 
the second lot west of Fraiiklin street and fronting south on Monioe 
•where he erected a' one-story frame budding of tMO rooms. A small 
building was erected onthe northeast corner of Main and Washiugt e 

■)i . nfti;:ri> : 

■".. ',[ ilia: !':■•.; ti 

.'-;:' ris 


r,\r li- .1; 


streets and first used for a chair- making fOiop. Subsequentl,' it was 
transferred to Robert Stotts, who used it as a carpenter shop, and who 
Avas one of the first, if not th^ first, regnlm- carpenters in Hie town. 
East of the public square, oi! Hi ■ south si i of ]\Iain street William 
Walker began the erection oC ■ 'urge biiildiiis, intended for a hotel, 
but before it was completed he sold the place to Solomon Cheney and 
John Herr, who finished it and opened a tavern. Later in the year 
Abraham Hall built the Valparaiso House at the southeast corner of 
Main and Franklin streets. Some authorities sa.y this hotel was known 
as the American Eiigle House, and that it was not opened until in 1839, 
but from the best evidence obtainable it was built in 18.36. 

A postoffice was established at Portersville early in the town's 
history and Benjamin McCart- was appointed tlie first postmnster. He 
held to office iintil 1839, when sonje dissatisfadioji arose because he was 
not a resident of the village Jiiid T. A. B. Campbell was appointed in 
his place. In 1837 the court-lionse was built on the west side of Wash- 
ington street, opposite the public square, and the postoffice was kept for 
some time in one of the rooms on the first iloor. Later it was removed 
to the house of G. W. Salisbury on the sonth side of the square, Mr. 
Salisbury being postmaster during the adurinistrations of Harrison and 
Tyler. Ampng others who served as postmaster at different times may 
be mentioned Joseph Lomax, John Dunning, S. K. Bryant, IM. A. Salis- 
bury, J. F. McCarthy, Col. I. C. B. Suman and Melvin J. Stinchfield, 
the present incumbent. From the- small bep;inning three-quarters of a 
century ago the Valparaiso postoffice has grown to an office of the 
second class, with annual recc!i)ts of more than $32,000. In 1903 the 
office was located in Col. George S. Haste's building on Franklin 
street, where it has since remained. Thirteen men ai-e employed in 
handling the city mail, and Mu-re are eiglit rural i'o\itcs IVom Val- 
paraiso which supply daily mail to a large part of the county. For the 
fiscal year ending on June 3'\ 1912, tlte office issued money orders 
amounting to .'|i85,033.14,and dni-ing the same period i)iiiil money orders 
amonnting to $140,607.17. 

KBIT '; I ■ 

■ '■ ' ' ■■■ ■■ '•■\'fr .ii.'l ," 

id :'■ ill. - :: -iw.' .;■..;)>;';!, 

f"'^' .<■. ;:■: . '^ ■, ■,:,-. • 


1.J .., 

Oi, • to ■- -■'-. ^ : v) ■:,/..■.;, 

•■'''■ '- r^^i'.i'i' ■ ■■' . ''■ ■ 



In the winter of 18.J7 a part.v of marines and sailors from the South 
Pacific ocean stopped one night at Hall's tavern, where they were vis- 
ited by a number of the citizens of the town. True to the sailor's in- 
stinct, these men loved "to spin a yarn," and until a late hour they re- 
galed the townsmen with tales of the old Chilean seaport of Valparaiso 
and other South Pacific ports. Finallj^ one of them suggested that as 
the coimty was named in honor of Commodore David Porter, whose 
famous battle while in command of the Essex was fought near the port 
of Valparaiso, Chile, it would be appropriate to name the county seat 
after that town. The suggestion was accepted and the name changed 
accordingly. The word Valparaiso is of • Spanish origin, signifying 
"Vale of Paradise." In one sense it is a misnomer as applied to the 
county seat of Porter county, for the city lacks a long way of being 
locatecj in a "vale." Instead it stands upon the crest of the moraine 
that divides the basin of the Great Lakes from the valley of the Kanka- 
kee. However, the name is appropriate in other respects, the neat homes 
surrounded by well kej^t lawns, the broad, shady streets, the general air 
of cleanliness and prosperity, all combine to give the visitor a glimpse of 
"Paradise." Hubert M. Skinner, who was born in Porter county, pays 
a tribute to the name and city in verse, as follows : 


Of right thou bearest thy sweet Spanish name, 

Vale of Paradise in trees embowered ! 

"With Eden's wealth of grace and beauty dowered, 

Thou enviest not the Chilean city 's fame. 

Wliether enwreathed in Autumn's tints, which flame 

Apocalyptic splendors, or o'erflowered '" . 

In vernal bloom — proportioned, spired and towered ' ' 

In matchless beauty — thou art still the same. '^ 

In waving lines extended, where the land 

Rolls in long billows, trough and crest asleep. 

;joc-! til) a:'""f? fnoii i 

■': H<nUr~'. 'Mil oi oti'iT ov/-) 
' 'jifj !(tf)() ■ :;>i \'> IfjiUi l-ifr. 
■:f, i.,i-[(;r/ ii> 'i.:i.v(\S'-': ;i;-':'niO ijj-i vi!l ■^^ r'.-j's'.l A'yi ':■■{;'■■ 

-:;^;./ ,-:.,lf(.'i Lin-iCl V ^ 

•.•7-:.,,;.:,. ./i^fK> ^;.--q-^ V- - 


.. .> (!■.;;; '■•■ .fill; a ''.iiiujrfA si 
j.M'v ./rll'i ''n TO 

,.|..:1(, l,-:'>T-> '■-.III: ihyji/(t ,t>-'<''i(t( ;' ' ' 


Tliou'st made thj- lionir. Miidc fori'vcr there! 
Foi' all that know tliee lov3 I lice. Ne'er a liaiid 
Of Roniaus breatlied a piiiriol love nioiv- deep 
Than thon'st inspired, 'n a iihu'c iVivi'iit prayer. 


In 183!) three brothers, George C, Andrew J. and 11. M. Buel started 
a blacksmith and \vagon shop on Washin<;ton street, a short distance 
south of where the Academy Block now stands. This was the first es- 
tablishment of the kind in Valpai'aiso, bnt it ^\as soon folloAved by an- 
other, which was located on Main sli'eet, and eojidneted by Jacob Brewer 
& Bros. The first brickyard was started by ,Tohn Savior, near the north- 
east corner of the old to\vn of Porlersville. on outlet No. 1. Among the 
first lawj^ers were J. S. ]\Iasters, liarlowc S. Orton, Samuel I. Anthony 
and George W. Turner. Dr. Sencea Ball was probably the first phy- 
sician, though Dr. Miller Blachly, was one of the pioneers of , the town. 
Dr. Salisbury, Dr. Robbins and Dr. Kersey were also early settlers. In 
1845 Elizabeth Harrison came from Tennessee and built a hotel on "West 
Main street, on the site later occupied by the Central House. Four 
years later the building was enlartrcd, and in 1855 A. R. Gould, formerly 
proprietor of the American Ea!.ile House, became the landlord. He 
continued to conduct the hotel as tlie Gould House until his death, after 
which the business was continued by his A\'idow until the bxiildiug was 
torn down in 1880. The following year the Centi-al House (now the 
Hotel Spindler) was erected upon the same site at the southeast corner 
of Main and Lafayette streets, one scjuare west of the court-house. 

In 1850 the United States census showed a population of 520 in the 
town of Valparaiso, and an agit^ition was started in favor of incorpora- 
tion. Accordingly, a sj^ecial act of the state legislature w^as approved 
by the governor on February !•". 1851, authorizing the ineoi-poration of 
Valparaiso. Section 1 of that act provided "That the president and 
trustees under the provisions of this act, shall lie, and the same are hereby 
declared to be a bodj' politic and coriioialc, by the name and style of 
'the President and Trustees of (he Town of A'aljiaraiso;' and by that 



: 'J'l . 

f.mial H ti' •"/. 

.•l:r'IVl<( .'■. ■ 

■■■':i i.-.-ifi -.1!) iiy/r eiiT .fU: 

vr-ih.' A .1 I ■;!,.'n-! li M. ■ ,•■ 
•7i,..; ;,■;:; •., ' .mIi/ ■■!- aP,. >; 

,,, ■'/ !:<> f..*t..f' i i'^j.! [■ ■. ■:■■■ —'I' !, ,.;■:! -m 
-!■!;..■:...' -'.-il-^';* .n ./■ -■' • I ., • r.r I 
r,.)'!,' ..oM;"': nil ;ii i- ' ' l<i 

i;ij"'o? :. "■■■fi. >■- ■.^'lt :>. •.(•: I'll.;. -Mil i.'ijj; i 

:. -.• f;r !)i,i-;i'.; :„.| :..!T ' ..'iIm' •[ 

,-. 'rr..-! ;,)i- .^1,,.- •,:- '.(■;. .-1 M.i;f;^.--.'. 
]■■> ^1 '.-I '. Ijil-; '.'('(, rl ■?() ■.! . ii( ^'i; I. . 


name and stylo shall be able and capabk' in law and equity, to sue and i.. 
be sued, plead and be impleaded, answer and be answered unto, defi nd 
and be defended, in any court of competent jurisdiction; to iiiakc, hko 
and have a common seal, and the same to break, alter and reiu\> at 
pleasure, to ordain, estalilish, and put in execution, such by-liiws ml 
rules as they shall deem inoper and necessary for thegood govenii!;i !U 
of said town, subject to the restrictions and limitations hereafter jum 
vided, and not inconsistent mth the laws and constitution of tliis 

Section 2 pi-ovided for tlie election of one president and five trusi'.'v.s, 
one marshal and one lister, on the iirst Monday in March, 1851, and an- 
nualljr thereafter. 0. Dunham and Samuel S. Skinner were ni.nicd 
as inspectors of the first election. The president and trustees wci !•■ 
constitute the common council; the marshal was to collect the taxes 
levied by the council, and to "obey all orders of the connnon coun -il. 
and perform all other duties that may, from time to time, by ordiuau'f 
or otherwise, be enjoined upon him by the common council." It \var, 
made the duty of the lister, "during the months of April and May of 
each year, to make a fair list, in alphabetical order, of all persons s)ib- 
ject to a poll tax, and such personal property as the corporation maj' di 
rect him to list ; also all lots and fractions of lots, particularly noting the 
number^ the owaier's name, if kno^vn, and whether' resident or uon 
resident," etc. 

As this act formed the basis of the first municipal government oC 
Valparaiso, it is interesting to "note some of the powers conferred upon 
the town council by its provisions. After providing for the passage >r 
ordinances for raising revenue and to guard against ]oss<'S by tivf 
through the organization of fire companies, tlie council \vas gi\eu jxiwer 
to restrain and prohibit all de.scriijtious of gaming and fraudulent de 
vices; to prohibit the sale of spirituous liquors in less quantities than ojh 
quart, "to be drunk in the store, shop, grocery, house, out-house, gaidi ii 
or yard, owned or occupied by the pei-sou selling the same, unless licinscil 
to do SO;" to regulate or pi'ohibit the exhibitions of common showni'ii 

. ., ,. ,-, .',-,n^ o1 ■'•>: !.<« oiI:l Ocu; >' ■ '"^^ " '■ =• 

', ^ ,'/',,-,., ..,,...,,,. ui -.i Ln. .;(.-!. :,n-^' -■''■■■' ^^ ■ 
' ,, . ,:.,.y,,ri /o^ ■,....i.:..-o-iLa., t:.!.:.- -■'•■'' '-''^"^ ■"'' ^'' 

, .. :, . ,,.. l.UC, ..V/J.l 'lU lit) 1. •■ 

, ,, ,v. ... ■ 'A :/^'--.-!<i '■ 

^ , .-. .ij, .... , ;-i •./':a ■i!i!i>ii'i''i! 'i'''''' '■■''■' <'■'•• -■■■ 
,.,, ■.,,;,,,, ^ ■ '.\ ',■;• u) eiBK'I ■lii-' :■:•»•'"'■'• ■' ' • 


to prevent and punish ary riot, naise, dislni''';mce ov disorderly as- 
semblages; to repress and restrain disorderly houses, to compel the 
owner or occupant of any grocery, cellar, tallow I'luuidler's sliop, soap I'ac- 
tory, tannery, stable, barn, or otherAvise unwlmlroinc or ii;iuseous house 
or place, to cleanse, remove or abate the siiiuc from tin" to time, as 
often as may be necessary for the health, comfort and convi iiience of the 
inhabitants of the town; to restrain, regulate, or prohibit Uw, running at 
large of horses, cattle, mules, hogs, sheep, goats and geese, and to prevent 
the running at large of dogs; to prohibit the rolling of hoops, playing 
at ball, flying kites, firing squibs, crackers, rockets or toi-pi does, or any 
other amusement or practice having a tendenej' to annoy pei-sons passing 
the sti'eets of said town, or to frighten teams and hov;,ts within the 
same;" to compel the owner or occupant of aii\' lot or jiuildiug to keep 
snow, ice or dirt from the sidewalk in front of the premises; to prevent 
the ringing of bells, blowing of horiis and bugks, and er^ n ■■: off of goods 
or other things within the town limits; to determine tli. manner and 
place of selling hay, wood and certain other commoditi , to regulate 
public pumps, cisterns and reservoirs, and to prevent ti.. unnecessary 
waste of water, and to regulate the burial of the dead. 

The town government., administered by the presidcnl ;iud boai'd of 
five trustees, continued in force until the incorporation of Valparaiso as 
a city in 1865. As provided in the act of incorporation, eouneilmen 
were elected annually. As no town hall had been erected, most of the 
meetings of the council were held in ,the county recorder s office. Dur- 
ing the fourteen years that this form of munieii)al government was in 
existence, no business of great importance was trans-ni ted, no large 
undei-takings involving any considerable expenditui-e of the town's 
funds were inaugurated. Consequently, when tlie old council went out, 
it turned over to the new city government a municipality li ee from debt. 

At the time Valparaiso was incorporated as a tow. in 1851, the 
transportation facilities were wofully deficient. ]\Iai! routes had been 
established from Laporte to Joliet and from ]\Iicliiga)i ( 'i\y to Peoria 
in 1837, but it was not until July, 1853, that a stase route was es- 

it/- VI ■ ' 

-an Y.l'iaf3*j(i.!ft:i -iv. u. ■ 

'•Il't fill"'- ,(fo"^ ,'■, 
.•■■;,;<■;? ■•!i)i.. .. .,. ■) 10 -';:'. 

.■r ,•_,■,:. r ,.: ,:t ;;f,.A 

.It] -lUHi;;) ■ ■ ■; li.(- ..-■,, 


noiiM'' ;'■• ■ .M- 

-<,il .■ •., 

~,!li 'Xc .:■■';. :. - 

..:■■ ■..■,-iMV 

■ riii "!:> 

.■ jf -.1 , 111 I/O 

.;: Vi-V, '. .;,.:. r 

■■■■■■J !:. I'i '.;.;) 

S'J^V/O! . '' ■■■■ ':;,n ' r ,;:; , 

• ■ ;!, '.' '.•■:.■ ■'■>■■ iji.' :ij <:■);{, I . . 

J'ljL' fli'^r ■■■ .'.^l .!■;;■, I t lifiri;; ^Siva's X'"' ' 'i""' 

-.;H | n, .. ./, = : (; -v 


tahlislied lictwcen Laporte and Viilj ii liso. The stages left Laporte at 
fno o'clock ill the momiug and ai'ji\iil at Valparaiso about ten. Re- 
tui-ning they left Valpaiaiso at one o "inck in the afternoon and arrived 
at Laporte about 6:30 iu the evein.ij^. At AVcstvilJe the stages con- 
nected with 1lie "cars running bel\\<' u Michigan City and Lafayette." 
The fare IVoju Valparaiso to Laporte •as one dollar, and to "Westville, 
fifty cents. Samuel Burns was the pi i.jirietor of the stage line. 

In June, 1854, James C. Maxwell, proprietor of the Tremont House 
in Valparaiso, advertised that "An omnibus runs daily from here to 
connect with the cars on the ]\Iie!ii;;im Central and the JVIichigan 
Southern & Northern Indiana railroads." This omnibus ran from 
Valparaiso tn Calumet, {now Chestral. n ), Imt tlie fare charged carmot be 
learned. About the same time Mol))ii\' Carr began running a stage line 
from Valparaiso to Calumet, leaving Valparaiso at two o'clock in the af- 
ternoon and returning tin' same eventirr The fare on this line was sev 
enty-five cents and the stages ran daiiy except Sunday. Job D. Bonnell 
announced in March, 185.j. !hat "ha^•Jli{-' a eonti-act for carrying the mail 
froni Crown Point and back, I will run a two-liorse carriage for the ac- 
comodation of passengers." Bonnell s mail hacks left Crown Point at 
six o'clock iu the morning on Tucsdiiys, Thursdays and Saturday's, 
arrived at Valparaiso in time to make eomiection with Laporte and 
Calumet stages, and returned the same day. The completion of the 
Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago r-ih'oad in 1858 put these stage 
lines out of business and gave the town <iii impetus that led to its incor- 
poration as a city in 18()5. 

That year was an eveii''"al one foi ''alparaiso. It marked the close 
of the great Civil war and the return of the "Boys in Blue," who for 
four long years had upheld the nation in its struggle to prevent a dis- 
ruj^lion of the Union. Closely followiii;: (leiicral Ijee's surrender to the 
victorious armies of Graiji al Appoiiiiiiio v, A'irginia, April 9, 1865, came 
the news that President Lincoln had l)eeM stricken down by the cowardly 
Jiaiid of an assassin, A meeting yas oiinicdiatuly cfilled at the court- 
house, at which Dr. J. H. Letherma!; ju'csided and Dr. J. P. Heatou 

^■■.^([r..i :'}■/• i-.»ji;:t^ i>ilT ,<-i. M. ,1 (7 i,pu , 

,.v,, , '. .-,;i ,,i!,7;,.v '7 ♦/ . . ■•':■ ■ ■■' '^^' ■•■■ 

V ••;( ■ ■:. :'i^i.. ■ 

!('f:' ' ■ ■ 

■ iA~ 

■>it ; 

^I ::.'■'. 

■:„ ,,■; W- :.. ■;.;' M 

r!i ;>,.■■ .: ; l-.r:. ,-, .v.Js J^' 
,. ■ fi.>' v., 1 ',: j'.ix/i'I ■'.;f!"' ■ 

,:!■..; :■ 1. ^^i J->i;l7? h; 


;; 1 d as Hriretary. Resolutions expressing soirow for the tnigie and 
vmtiniely death of the president were adopted, and a comniiUic ap- 
pointed to "investigrate charges against certain pei'sous for expressions 
of approval of the assassination of the president." At an adjoni'ned 
meeting this comniittee presenlnl tlie following resolutions, Avliidi were 
unanimously adopted : 

"Resolved, That Humphrey Palmer and A. P. Poster be reipicsled 
to leave Valparaiso for a more congenial place. 

"Resolved, That M'e deprecate any act of personal violence against 
these lueu, or their propertj'', and that we urge all good citizens to use 
the extent of their intiuence to prevent any breach of peace." 

Palniei-, who was a clerk in tlic employ of F. W. Hunt, left the lowni 
almost inuiiediately after the adoption of the resolution and ret)irned to 
his home in the East, where he died a year or so later. Mr. Foster re- 
mained in Valparaiso, outlived the charges and the ostracism shown hy 
some of his neighbors, and died a few years ago a respected citizen. It 
is said that the man M-ho first made the cliarges against Mr. Palmer ad- 
mitted a short time before his death that the whole story was a fabrica- 
tion ou his part, invented under the excitement of the times, mei'cly to 
bring himself into notice. Peeling ran high in those days, and one could 
not 1>e too guarded with his tongue. A farmer named Woodruff, living 
a short distance east of Valparaiso, was arrested for treasonable utter- 
ances and taken to Laporte, but the judge, after hearing the charge, dis- 
missed him with the admonition to be careful in the future. 

According to the United States census of 1860, the population of 
Valparaiso at that time was l.fiOO. Pive yeare later, with the natural 
increase in population and the i-etuim of the soldiers from the war, the 
population was estimated at more than 2,000. Although the legislature 
of that year passed the general law providing for the incorporation of 
cities early in the session and adjourned in March, the excitement at 
tendant upon the close of the war and the assassination of the president 
was so great that no steps were taken to incorporate Valparaiso until 
late in the year. In November the city was divided into three wards and 

>i'.' :r riflt 'lOi • 

'■'■'<-/'} 'tol !.j'r,.v 
in;- . u,; >A. ■■ 
il -.; '■ ..■.^1',, tui'.; 

■rn) .s; 


,T -nf •!, ,:!;■•' /!• 

.-;' Ill -■! \ii: . ioi/'y ;il. "*■'•, i; ,/f 0'': ,■■! ■■ .)■:■; ■ 

'.■i:;;jvr! 'I'' ';"i:'-'i>! ,Mi; )D"9V-)v , } .■■'','."...' i 

■i, '■•,[ ,;,:;, fl ,•;'■' '■( ' .. •,'•;(, ;>|.^ •;;■> ,|! iv '■, ,■ :- ■ 

; ' ' i "JA -.;;,! .:r t ■,. . ■ , *.- 

■1 ,7. •■■; :,>-: vrt!-.- .- ;■■ ' ._„ .-.a-istL. ^..' ■.■',:;;;. n . ;.-. 
, ,,-. ^f. !m,)'>-)m-.!: . --, -■«;.•/ x-/! , '. ;rj !:,n. rr^'. 

. ■['■':■:, •'. ,-,,-,; w.,:,!;; ^.((jiiv; M.J 
: ^' ---II!. y^.f;' ;v!-! ■*•; i!:y ' > 
■ ■■ • n-. b:;., ,:^ '_:.'^ ■.■.-,U vl '■ . -."il •• 

'1.1. Jn,.,,I,;;-lV.II 'i(,'l '.■■<=-' >■..':. iivf lo ii. 

•' 'ii);Jj,ifK|,v; ^L- (''/f ;;.■ -TfvnM-. ^:;I';'. ;r!;rtrj .>. 

.)i: ;:. >']'' ifir/. ,1 >,t.:i -vn- ■' vnH .0':'' i. ^.;-. ■ -.'!;;; . 
if' ,';■%■/ ■.';) i-!'i''; ■^:u .'/'■i' !' ^o mo.!:..' -).?' kik |iuih;'i)q 
■ ::•:'.■ s < -A--, ifrj'Vi. .;,■. i '"),£: afi.ll 'r'u u. ':•■:■ 

;i. i[u>,';i4 ;.t': JO II .!)(;....,■■..:■:■ ' "^ift f'ON ". ' ^ ■ 

.-■. ;.-:(;; I fvifliiV "n/ioirr i;. ■, m .'■i^fi 1 ■■<>n .;q.v|,' oii 


au election for city (fficers ordered I'oi- ;\Ionila3', November 27th. All 
that part "of the muoieipality lyiui; enst oi" Kraiiklin street constitiited 
the First ward; that portion belwecii l''r;m!din and Lafayette streets 
constituted the Secoii'i ward, and tin' Thii-d v.nrd embraced all that por- 
tion of the city lying west of Lafavftlc s( ictl . At the election Thomas J. 
Merritield was chosen mayor; John B. iiarsliall, clerk; James ii. 
Hawkins, treasurer; Isaac Bowman, assessor; A. IT. Goodwin, mai'shal, 
and J. ]M. Felton, engineer. Dr. George Porter and T. A. Hogan were 
elected coixncilmen for the First ward; J. 0. Pierce and Obadiah Dun- 
liam, for the Second, and A. W. Kellogg and A. II. Somers, :5or tlie 

The meeting of the council was hold o)i Di'cembcr 2, ISe.T), and 
four other meetings were held before tlie close of the year. The fiist 
ordinances were promulgated on Dec^eniber 4tii. Tlie first ordinance 
was intended for the j>'-omotion of i)nb!ie lum-ality by i")rovidiug heavy 
penalties for profane swearing, notorious lewducss, the use of vulgar 
language, vagrancj', gambling, etc. Ordinance No. 2 gave special police 
powers to everj' citj' official. Other ordinances related to the perfection 
of the city oi'ganization, the raising of revenues, the improvement of the 
streets, etc. The term of the first officers exi)ired in May, 1866, when 
the first regular city election was held. Jlr. Mevi-ifield was reelected 
mayor and served until 1868, wlieu he was succeeded by Thomas G. 
Lytle, who served until May, 1872. lie ^^as succeeded by John N. 
Skinner, who held the office continuousl>- until liis death in the spring of 
1882. Thomas 'G. Lytle then again was inaynr until 1886, when A. D. 
Bartholomew was elected. He held the office until 1888, when Mr. Lytic 
was again chosen as the chief executive of flic city and served four years. 
Frank P. Jones was elected in 1892 and was succeeded by Col. I. C. B 
Suman in 1894. In 1898 A. E. WoodliuU was cbM'tcd mayor and held 
the office for four yeais, W. F. Spooucr succeeding him in 1902. In 
1906 W. H. Williams succeeded ]\Ir. Spooner ;iii,l served tmtil 1910, 
when Mr. Spooner was agaui elected. His tcr]ii c.\])iies in January,1914. 

Although liquors have always l>ceii snld in \'aljiaraiso, there is a 

K ,.;" un •:. 'i' 1 

u'.V ,c^i.>'-'.f 

A I!,-' 

.. .,. '.^;'" :. Ill ;;^^ .'" ;;:•■. Sv 
■ii;. .:■! :d |A «V' . r.l .P. 

A): \- •hyitiaf- .■■■<i-: 
. ! » )■ .1 ';>!j ifii;',',;' ■'■'''' i.-t"'" 


strong temperance sentimeut in the city. In the ^^•in1er of 1873-74 
occurred the "Crusade," in Avhieh the Christinii women visited the 
saloons and by singinfj; and prayer endeavored 1o diseoui-age tlie sale of 
intoxicants. In Valpai-aiso the movement reached sueh proportions as 
to attract the attention of the press thi'oughout llie eouiitiy. There were 
then eight saloons in the cit}\ Complaint was made to ^Mayor Skinner, 
who, on February 23, 1874, issued the following proclamation: 

"Whereas, For several days last past, large unmhei-s of persons liave 
been engaged in assembling on and about the premises of citizens pur- 
suing a lawful business, and remaining on said i>reiiiises agninsl the will^ 
of the owners thereof, and for the avowed purpose of interfering Avith 
their business ; and 

"Wliereas, Many of said persons declare their inlention of persisting 
in such con.duct. Now, therefore, all such persons so assembling and 
remaining, are hereby notified that such conduct is ludawful and against 
the ordinances of the city of Valparaiso, and they are admonished as 
good citizens to desist fi'om the same, and that it is the duty of the 
authorities of said city aud of all law-abiding citizens, in the interest 
of public peace and order, to enforce the said ordinances and disperse 
such assemblages." 

The women engaged in the crusade were not backward in accepting 
the' gage of battle as presented by the mayor's prochimution. Within 
a few hours the executive committee of the "Crusaders" formulated 
the following replj'', which was posted in public places aud distributed 
about the streets: 

"Why do the Heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? 
The Kings of the Earth set themselves, and the Rulers lalce counsel 
together against the Lord, and against his Annointed, sayinu — Let us 
break their bands asunder, and east aw^ay their cords from us. lie that 
sitteth in the Heavens shall laugh.; the Lord shall liaxe lliem in dci'ision. 
—Psalm 2, 1-4. 

"And they called them, and commanded them not fo speak at all, 
nor teach in the name of Jesus. But Peter ami .Tnhn answered and 

'to c.'..- iM ■lyi.i.,,. ■„•;!. .,1 

...ii';'t,0Tii; --.■>'iir 'lij N' ii.etf.rj!! 

^r f .,!--, 

'' 'iTl '. .I..' 


<■ irr r '"/ 


said unto theiu, Wheflicx* it be right in llie siglit of God to iiearkeii iiuio 
you more thau unto God, judge ye. — Acts 4, 18-19. 

"We ought to obey God rather than men. — Acts 5, 29. 


"In the temperance movement we have undertaken, we have had ■ <■ 
purpose to violate the laws of the State, or interfere with ihe rii;ht oE 
any citizen. We have malice in our hearts toward none, bi;t ebiuiiy 
toward all. We believe we have the right to persuade men to ('':■> 
from strong drink, and to plead with the liquor seller to cease froii .ui 
traffic. Beleiving, too, that God has called us to the liigb duty of sv. !);;■ 
oxir fellow-men, we will not cease to pray and labor to this end. :■ - 
our solemn purpose, Avith love in our hearts to God and ranu, to go ii;;ijt 
forward in the work we have undertaken, and if the hand of viiil' , ■>■. 
be laid upon us, we make our humble and confident appeal to tlu- (.ud 
whom we sers'c, and to the laws of the State, whose faithful eif i. ii<i 
we are. " • 

jMayor Skinner's proclamation had the effect, however, to niak. Mkj 
women a little more cautious in carrying on their work. In time lli' 
movement spent its force, and the great temperance crusade is nco a 
matter ^of history. That much good was accomplished by hfLuii- 
women cannot be gainsaid. In a few instances saloon kcepci-s ga\c up 
their business and sought some other line of endeavor, and none wUl ever 
know how inany yoiing men were persuaded to give up strong dr uiv. 
In some of the Valparaiso homes may still be seen the mayor's prc" i.. 
mation and tlie women's manifesto, which have been preserved as Ins- 
toric relics of the crusade. 

A fire department was estaljlished early in tlie year 1S7G, (■(uisislln.'; 
of four companies, with two engines, a ladder wagon and a Jjoscr i-.m;. 
It was thoroughly reoi-gauized by the ordinance of January 29, I^^Ss;, 
and at the pi'csent time Valparaiso has as good a fire department ,i.'. j 
usually found in cities of its class. The police department was or;janJ,.ivi 

.- '.;•;, ^0C.<! .7,..! ,h., ; ..VU, 


by the ordiiiauce of January 25, 188-i. The city hall was built iu 1878, 
on the south side of the public square. In the lower story is kept i)art 
of the fire-fighting apparatus, and the city offices and council cliamber 
occupy the upper floor. Just back of the cily hall the city jivis(Jii was 
erected in 1881. 

The first waterworks in Valparaiso were established iu ISGli, tlu' city 
receiving some financial assistance from the countj'. This system con- 
sisted of several cisterns, and was never adequate to the demands nf 1hc 
city. In the fall of 1882, Joseph Gardner made an estimate 1liat a 
•waterworks plant, such as the city ought to have, would cost somctliini; 
like $34,000, exclusive of labor. At that time the citj' was in dclit \ip 
the constitutional limit, having voted $50,000 iu ten per cent bomls in 
1868 to secure the Peninsular (now the Grand Trunk) railroad, and 
incurred other indebtedness in making municipal impi-ovemeuts. rndn- 
these conditions it seemed imi^ossible to erect a waterworks iilant. 
Nevertheless, in February, 1884, (he city council entered into a cuutrarf 
with J\ricaiali Walker, of Port Huron, Michigan, and Don A. Sal^-er, of 
X'alparaiso, "to establish, construct and maintain a sj'stem of waterworlis 
iu the city of Valparaiso." A franchise was granted to the company 
for fifty years, with the privilege of using the streets and alleys, which 
were to be restored to their original condition and left free from 
obstructions. '' It was stipulated in the contract that the water shoal d 
come from Flint lake, and that the companj' would lay mains enough to 
supply evei'ybody with water who wanted it. Failure to carry out this 
provision meant a forfeiture of franchise rights. It was furllior slijui 
lated that any time after fifteen years from the completion of the water- 
works, the city should have the right to purchase the same by giving the 
owners one year's notice, the value to be fixed by three disinterested 
hydraulic engineers, etc. 

Iiiniicdiately after this action l)y the city council, Joseph Gardner 
instituted injunction proceedings in the Porter circuit court, setting 
forth in his complaint that the ujunicipal authorities wei'e about to Id 
a contract to a waterworks company for supplying the city with wjiti r 


"l.v[ .'i|''>( <ii ■/•iO':-. ■C- 

' -Aw'-u' i.'.dua ''.m, I..- ,. 

.■• ai . 1 I -'r. •hH Uiii!' v;;., 'mi k, jVi-.A ii-MX, 

"■■■ .nyi.'v.i iifiT 

: I •• !lv!; tiU ■ 

' ■: ■'• ..,i'.r;:; .:r 

;!■ 'I ,■•; .; • :i . -'I ■.mi t i ..Wt I / 

,(..•,'■ ,,, p. In 

■ -.1 

i-r; r; , .iC 

!f .!- ' :-;■■: 0^ :j.r[' ,''J ,i f -tu V :;;:■ 

,. ;.^ ' "i- ./ ' i .• !.:m' 1 •:-> , ■ ■ ;- (ii;i-;'j ;'•■ 

'<...' ■ 'f 'ic !'■ ■ ;vi.''.l>.';' :, '<: iiiO-'J ft'lfiOy Li«»j5il 'tsi'tfi 

'•; •■ : : ... .(-."■I; '_fi i'-'/'i 'v! 0' ■-> 

!■ .ii.'l |i'; .rM,| .b"ilil'-.i> ■■L'j 'if!f X'f l.:ii)ari :;U(I fr! 


f<:v a period of twenty yi;a''.s at au anmal expense to tlie municipality 
o! $6,000; that the ooqxrote imlebteciness exceeds five per centiun of 
tiie assessed value of ihi taxable property of the city and there is no 
money in the treasury. " 

In answer to this Hi. eity admitted an indebtedness in excess of two 
per cent of the assessed value of the taxable property, but that the city, 
\wth a population of ovtr 5,000, had "no facilities iVv extiiiguislniig 
fires except three cisterns, which are wholly inadequate." The answer 
also set forth that the animal revenues Avere sufficient to pay all ordinary 
expenses and the $6,000 \vater rent ; that a sinking fund had been pro- 
vided for as the law re(;iiirod, and that no money was to be p"^id until 
after water had been actually furnished. Mr. Gardner's attorneys filed 
a deuiliiTur to the answer and the lower court sustaiiuid his position. 
Tlie city then appealed tln' case to the supreme court and in November, 
18S4, Chief Justice Elliott handed down an opinion in winch he carefuHv 
rc\ iewed all the points at issue and eoucluded by sayiuf; : Judgment is 
revei-sed, with instructions to overrule the demurrer to the answer, and 
proceed in accordance with this opinion. ' ' 

Thus supi)orted by the highest legal tribunal in the state, the city 
council, at a special session held on Monday evening, February 16, 1885, 
entired into a new contiai't with George P. Smith, of Bay City Mich- 
igau; Micaiah Walker, of Port Huron, Michigan; and. Dosi A. Salyer, of 

^ . . . n 

\'"aiiiaraiso, to carry out the provisions oi the franchise granted the year 
before. A pumping station was built at Flint lake, and in the fall of 
188G the water was turned into thr^ mains. Under the terms of the 
contract, the city liad the right to purchase the plant at any time after 
fifteen years. The question therefore eaine up in 1899 of giving the 
company the required notice that the city would buy the watenvorks the 
next year. A great many people were in favor of municipal ownership, 
but the indebtedness was so nreat that the city could nti; legally issue 
bonds for the purchase of the plant. It was then proposed that a 
company be formed to take over the city's option and op''iate the pla-iL 
until the revenues derived from the sale of water might be sufficient 

.■.i:oo .na\K<'>M ■• 

J ,/. . -IK 


1 :;<:: 

1 . .'1 ' " 
' !i.rj 

, ..jh.' 

, t:tJ-.'i'' 

1 ■>''' 

',:■•■[ ri 
Mill ^'^i 

, ; -. 1 . r 


'■; .•-•Hu y' 

.,,JS 1.,, ' ■ • ■ ■■'.^ IrMlip'J' -rVl 
; „,,, /., ■'. ..■•Cai l,.-rt^3 /■ .1- 

>,. .M,i]^ 

i.t ;.^|."-|0''. •■' 


lo pay for (lie saiuu, wlien it shoiikt be turned over to the city. This 
question also went thrnugli tlie courts, and it was finally decided that 
an arrangement of this character could be made. A company Mas then 
formed — composed of O. P. Kinsiv, John Sieli, ]\I. J. Stinchfield, Stephen 
Finney and S. C. llilling-s — which bought (lie plant, with tlic under- 
standing that at least $5,000 should be paid annually iipou the purchase 
price and when clear of all incumbrances it sliould be turned over to 
the city. As high as $12,000 have been paid in one year uiuler this 
arrangement, and it is estiuiated that the waterworks will become the 
property of the city liy 1920, or sooner. The new company has put down 
several deep wells and established a $16,000 filter. There are about 
twenty-three miles of main pipe, 137 street hydrants, and the daily con- 
suHi])tiou of water is approximately 1,000,000 gallons. 

On September 10, 1879, the city council passed an ordinance giving 
the gas couijiany a right-of-way through the streets, highways, piiblic 
gx'ounds, lanes and alleys belonging to the city, on condition that after 
gas pipes were laid said streets, alleys, etc., should be restored to their 
original condition. A gas works ^> ,is erected, and for nearly twenty years 
gas was the chief source of light for the residents of the city. The 
Messenger of October 6, 1887, said editorially: "Our city council is 
■wisely in\>estigating the matter of lighting the city with electricity. Of 
coui'se, this move will meet with stern opposition, nevertheless we hope 
that the council will go right on and thoro\iglily investigate the matter, 
and, if they find that the city will recive better service for less monej^ 
than they are now receiving, it is their duty to act and act decidedly. ' ' 

The editor admitted, however, that no action should be taken that 
would jeopardize the interests of ]\Ir. Stratton, the owner of the gas 
plant, and suggested that he slioidel be given an opportunity to o\vn both 
the gas and electric light franchises. Evidently the investigation of the 
city council at that time did not result in a favorable opinion, as more 
than six years were allowed to clai)se before any defijiite action Mas taken. 
By the ordinance of April 9, ISni. f^dwin S. Tiee, of Chicago, was granted 
the right to establisli and maintain an electric lighting plant in the city of 

3iriT vli . ■lit o! T,. '■ i. > 1(1, I 

• i"^-';:: 1 1 '.)'■■:■ ■ . .■ ■ , ■ . -,'■: M.i.' ■ - . 
'-;.'i ■.. I ■ 'ii ..■•'■O' -',". .-'ii..,. iMH'i Al 1.-., 


'': );.Jr 

,1 ;yi 

':i niii. 

.)■:■.■.') ,|- 

.-..f: rui.. M ■;.(,'; 

i^ , •'. 'i'-' '} 1(1, ; 


Valparaiso. In Seirtember followiug Tice sold bis I' lo l'J::o! C. 
Noe, also of Chicngo. Charles II. Sweet ultimately bucainu (Ik- pi > •;.-;' s:ov 
of the franchise and erected the plant. Subsequently be imrcluisrij U^' 
gas company from Mr. Stratton and consolidated the two as the \'nli.;ii,- 
raiso Lighting Company, with offices at the corner of I\Iuin and l-al'; \ ■■lie 

Telephone service was introduced into the city under tlie pr.r. i^.io'is 
of the ordinance of November 4, 1881, which autboi-i/cd the Cliicago 
Telephone Company to erect poles and maintain an exclianyc in V'aipa- 
raiso. In this instance, as in many others in the state aliout Hii'i i':\v:, 
it was easier to secui-e a franchise than it was to establish a to] ),i:CM-:; 
system. An independent company was organized under the gran' ..■ ilu: 
Chicago Companj', and an exchange opened. After a timi' Ibi ■ : < '.'■ 
plant passed into the hands of the Bell Telephone Conqiau.w ,i new 
exchange and office building was erected on North LafMy<.'lte sin. i :i;!'i 
the system generally overhauled and improved. At the prese]il M:.!' 
the comjiany has in operation about 1,300 telephones, witli long djswui'.e 
connections to all parts of the countrj'. 

Valparaiso has never achieved a wide reputation as a mannfrntiiiinj^; 
center. The earliest attempts in that direction were intended iiuirly (o 
suppl.v articles for local demand and consumption — such a-s \\,ig'.:is, 
harness, brick, etc. White & Kellogg started a planing null in 18.')8, jud 
in 1864 Daniel White built a sash, door and blind factory. In iSCf a 
woolen mill was started in the southwestern part of the city, and ii did 
a successful business for a number of j'ears. The building is now (iO.'u- 
pied by the Chicago ilica Company. A year after the woolen miJl .v;;-..; 
established the paper mill was built. Korn & Junker erected a lnwvery 
in the early '70s and in 1873 a branch of the National rin ('(iiiij)aiiy was 
established at Valparaiso, being the only jjin factory at that tinn \u si 
of New York. Among the manufacturing establishments at the ]U'C'i i.'; 
time the most important are the McGill Slanufacturing Coiiii)a)i\, \,]u-',. 
makes electrical appliances; the Chicago Jlica C/ompany, uKiniil;ii t ., i. ! 
insulating materials; the Chautauqua IManufacturing (*oiii|Kiiiy, ni.i! . i-.s 

. 1,1 !jiaiiKi:i'i'; ■''"' 
:,l-'M,.i Mil I'., 

■.Mi •■.! il« ■, . -.Mr''- •'-■ 

■ . , '. .■'...! .' 
A! 'J. 

'. ,■:-.;,■ .lOil':)"^!)' . 

■rr ■->;; 

Villi! iiVO' '.''iw 

1,1 .vniiixiStP -' '■':-'• 


ol"' I'lu-uiturc. cliarts, etc., and the Pjirker Vaniisli Company, (■^ec lliu 
chapter rehiting to Finaiieo and Industries for a more detailc-i dcsciiii- 
tiou of these aud other coneerus.) 

Just who preached the first sermon in the town of PorlersNilh' (nt/w 
Valparaiso) is a matter of some dispute. It is generally lielii'vcd thai. 
the honor heloiigs to Rev. Aljjheus Freneli, who eouducted religious sii- 
vices in the house of William Eaton, on Mechanic street. There is im 
doubt that JMr. French did preach there, but the date when be did so is 
not definite. Some authorities say it was in 1838, but when it is kno^^ n 
that the First Baptist Church was organized in June, 1837, it seems 
reasonable to presume that some jDreaching had been done befoiT that 
time. It is claimed by some that Rev. Asahel Neal was the minister 
to ])reach in the town, and that he oi'ganized a Baptist church in Center 
township as early as IS35 or 183G. In 1912 the churches in the city 
were The First Baptist Church, at the northwest corner of Chicago and 
Lafayette streets; the Christian church, at the northwest corner ni 
Franklin and Chicago; th.e J'^irst Methodist Episcopal Church, at tin 
norlhwcst corner of Franklin and Jefferson; the Presbyterian Chui'eli, 
at the southwest corner of Franklin aud Jefferson; St. Andrew's Protest- 
ant Episcopal Church, at the southeast corner of Franklin and Erie; Im- 
manuel Evangelical Lutheran Church, at the southeast corner of Wash- 
ington and Institute; St. John's Evangelical Lutheran Clmrch, at llie 
corner of Franklin and Lincoln avenue; St. Paxil's Roman Catholic 
Church, at the corner of Chicago andCampbell; aud the First Church <>]' 
Christ, Scientist, at the corner of Washington and jMonroe. (Sec Clia]i- 

As an educational center Valparaiso stands far above most cities of 
its size. The Valparaiso University, an account of which is given in the 
Chapter on Educational Develoinuent, is one of the best known edma 
tional institutions in the jMiddle West, and thei'c are three public school 
buildings, viz: The Central School, at the junction of Franklin, Etie 
aud lustitide streets; the Columbia School, located at the corner n\' 
South Locust and Iiuliana avenue; the Gardner School, located at lhe 

Y ■{•/?.]' 

'■•'.■)!' ■■ \i_ II,' .. >>')i; ■is; .ri 

' •)' I Tn I',-,'. I I il; iii •; ■;!. ■■'- '. ' '.' ' 

, ■ ' . i ■; i" ' 

I>-.,^ '/h' ...1 •.:( ti! ,.i-:.v 

1 I'. 'A :^;; ■■:■ i';/K ■ •'. iit 

.1/ V,' 



iiiSTuJiV OK roir.'-Hi; coixty 

^rw--^;^ - 

JiS; I 

iiaji»»«^:v<» y:i 


corner of Jefferson ;in'i Campboll stroets. All Ihiee iu-c iine • miples 
of modern school .iielii.ecture. The city high school its lo<';i1(( in the 
Central buildijig, and during the sehool year of 1911-12 imii]i1o> ' seven 
teachers, viz: Eugene Skinkel, IVlahel Benney, Sfinii' i\lr]ii!y;i. E S. 
Miller, Allici-t Wedeking, Mabel Yonug and Olio AV.Hy. r'Miing the 
same year the teachers iu the Central School ■U'crc: II. ^L .lessee.', Fannie 
Mclntyre, Mary Decg.aj, Bess Slhii'lilield, Bessie "Way, Caroline Stiuch- 
field, Geneva Pierce, Edna Forney, Martha and Nellie "Wliile and Ida 
Jones. Seven teachers were employed iu the Columbia Selioul during 
the same period, as follows: Eslella Diefenbach, Ada Sioveis. Freda. 
Brims, Flora Philley, Sarah Parks, Mabel Herriek and ^largari t Pierce. 
In the Gardner School Margaret C. Beer was principal, and lier assis- 
tants were Pearl Miller, Cartha ('avd, Clara Crosby, Katluyne lUaney, 
Ella Vincent and Latira King. In addition to these regular ieachers 
there were four special teachejs and supervisors. AV. C. Ji. \is had 
charge of the manual training; Mae McKinnis, domestic ail : .\1 ... M-dvy 
Hemstoek, kindergarten, and Helen J. Single, music. 

On March 7, 188!), the Valpai'aiso Improvement Assoeialion was 
organized with a capital stock of $10,000 "to aid the business of the city, 
locate new iRdusti-ies, etc." Anotlier meeting was held at (Ik- mayor's 
office on the J2th, when the following officers were eleetcd : Pi-esident, 
Charles H. Parker; vice-president. M. L. McClelland; secret ;iry. George 
W. Carr; treasurer, J. S. Loudcrback; directors, A. 1). Bartholomew, 
31. L. McClelland, H. D. Newton, F. W. Rice T). A. Salyoi-. (■ '■ Dodge, 
J. S. Louderback, ]M. A. Salisbury and M. Barry. One Imndied and 
eighteen shares of stoelv, of five dollars eacli, were siibseiibe:! ;it lliis 
meeting. For a time the organization disphnx'd consideralili' netivity 
ill advertising the advantages and possibilities of ValparaiMi. Then the 
iiilerest began to wane and the a>--soeiat.ion finally ceased to (Nisi, Sevei-al 
subsequent attempts to organize similar associations met ANitii :i like fate. 
The present Chamber of Cominerer was organized in lIHIil iui.I't the name 
"if the Valparaiso Commercial Cliil', but when applicalion v.r, . made to 
tlie secretary of state for a chartej- it was asem'tained a >]•:■; icr had 

: I !^('l If. -(^OV Jl,n i'-,j- .,(ji Uifi 

■ . ^ .-7/ ■ .'Vi ; 


J K 

;'.1 ■'■ I 

vo ••■ i .- - -rw 1 . ,- . ; .-rcj.-MtJi; III 

■-•■';. . ■■■.,■ ii-.> I ■■. ':,.,wfn tc 

..• tjvJ :■■ ' I'.r 1..,;; ,/,. ,v;.i .n ;u-i I T 

^ ^(i-' ;: ' ■ ;;■! . . v. ■■.M I., •/•|iv; ^ 


Ijreviously been grauted to an association oi that naiiic Tlir ikiiim Wir^ 
then changed to the Valparaiso Chauilicr of Coiiiiucjcl-, wiiidi wiis di!:;, 
incoi-porated on June 8, 1912, with a capital stock of .+25,000 and ll:r W,]- 
lowing officers: President John Sievcrs; first vice-presideiil. Willinm i'\ 
Spoouer; second vice-president. W. J. Henry; secretary. K. II. lieilsli dt ; 
treasurer, George F. Beach ; directors, C. F. Speeht, L. R. .Sldiiiui'. K. J. 
Gardner, John F. Sievei's, E. H. HeDstedt, P. W. GlilTo'd, .1. Ldwcusline 
and J. AV. Sieb. The motto of the association is "A larLier and h.llrr 
Valparaiso," and the most prominent business and pjolVssional ii\cn ni' 
the city are included m the membership. 

In 1892 a portion of Jetferson street and the soutli end of Liuust 
sti'eet were jiaved M'ith brick, the first paved streets in llie city. 'J'i. en- 
was then a cessation in making improvements of this eha)-acler liir si ^ i j;d 
yeare but in 1905 the woi-k of street improvement began in r^irnesf. Tii.' 
result is that all down-town streets and several of the alley.s arc ]);n'' ' 
with brick, giving Valparaiso about six miles of streets that are as l'Oou 
as anj' to be founcl anywhere in the country. Cement sidcAvalks b;'\e 
been laid upon all the principal streets. 

Three great trunk lines of railway — the Pittsburgh, Fort "Wayne k 
Chicago, the New York, Chicago & St. Louis, and the Grand Tiini!.- ■ 
furnish ample transportation facilities. The city has three baiil;s _tlir 
Valparaiso Nation;d, the Farmers' National, and the State 15anl< of 
Valparaiso — and two trust companies; three large departincnl sl.uvs 
and a number of other mercantile concerns, drug, jewelrj', hard\\ai.- :.h.; 
implement stores, etc.; several bakeries, candy factories, cigar ractm'ies. 
eight printing establishments, three dealers in automolulcs mikI :ui i ^s 
orics, etc. Put Valparaiso is preenaineutly a city of homes. 11^ iMiuid. 
shaded streets, the will kept lawns, the cozy I'esidences, impress the \ isiior 
to Porter county's cajtital with the prosperity and pi-ogii'ssi\i> s|iiii' ■ 
its inhabitants.. The people are democratic, and nowhere will uiir neif 
with )nore genuine courtesy and politeness than in Valparai.M-. I,.,d'. 
of all the leading secret and benevolent organizations cultivate a i i aleniid 
feeling among the inhabitants. In very few cities do the pe(i|!i( sli(i\', ii-. 

,' . .,i:r,,, liilfl Ic iM;' 

,. ' , ,,- ■:r^ ,)>■•■;! : iTr>; - 

■J .-.<■'. 

;(:.. ''■, ' .'lliij;;( i: hiUV 


HISTORY OP POUTi;!; ( <HL\T^- 215 

liigli resi^oct for law and iijorals as m \'.il)i;n;iis(i. A police force is 
maintained, but arrests are seldom made. !•>'( ly o:.' Mcms to be inclined 
to mind his own business, and taken altogetli.'i- X'alparuiso is a good place 
in which to live and rear a, family, as flio iliniate is healthful and the 
environment is free from 1lic eontamimifin':- iiifhuiices usually found in 
larger cities. Valparaiso has never expeiiem-.i'd a "'boom. " but its growth 
has been steady aud subslantial. In 1850 the pojiulation was 520; in 
18C0 it had grown to 1,690; ten years later it was 2,760; in 1880 it was 
4,461; in 1890 it was 5,090; in 1900 it had reached 6.2.80, and in 1910 
it was 6,987. 

/ .1, :v. - 

wV-i 'It -v.-.,i ,1 V'.'Kji;'!' 


a». ; ( ,-.f 










The public funds of Porter county have generally been handled by 
men who believed in a conservative policy and economic administration 
of county affairs. Consequently there have been verj' few instances of 
misappi'oi^riation of public revenues or wanton extravagance in expen- 
ditures. The countj' auditor's report for the year ending on December 
31, 1911, shows the receipts from all sources, including balances at be- 
ginning of the year, to have been $762,858.32, and the expenditures for 
the year were $612,083.22, leaving a balance in the county treasury of 

• 216 

7. iii/^T 

/ _ j.i -lOM >iv/:j ;,('■•—'.t:' ii-'': '■:. (•.•'•-0-; — 
'. ./--YiiOT:;/'? ij::j'./. .'/I'n;;^''^ - ■'' .' '' • 

■ ;■. r-tv .: .7 ti <;.;■ - /ai> . ■ 


;-,,,,f ) ' ,i :: '••; .'■■ •■■i'J' -■ '"Utio 

.;;;y ..-.kI r/ml -: ,: ■ . -•• ■!>"' -^iHMf.iiy 
: ■ ;,ui.ivi .i::!; !'•'- 'M^- v,:)-;.' -j!*');; Sflt 


$150,175,10. At that time tlie liomled indebtedness of the county was as 

Asylum bonds, issued October 18, 1905 $10,000 

Pavement around court-house, issude Decenilni Hi, 1 !•()-;. . . . 4,600 

Bridge bonds, issued July 16, 1909 12,000 

Heating i)lant, eourt-house and jail, issued July 15. 1;M 1 . . . 8,500 

Total, 35,100 

These amounts were unpaid balances of tlu' origiiiid issue and con- 
stituted the entire bonded iudelitedness of the ftnmly, iigainst which the 
bahmce of $150,175.10 shows a healthy condition of the |)ublic finances. 
For the constniction of gi'a.vel roads bonds have been issued to the amount 
of $948,580, of which $274,748.50 have been paid, leaving an unpaid 
balance of $673,831.50. Ditch ])oiuls aggregating $27,701.95 have been 
issued, of which $16,218.74 have been paid, leaving tlie unpaid balance 
of $11,218.21. Gravel road and ditch bonds ;ire not strictly county in- 
debtedness, being a lien upon the i)roperty bcnefilcd liy the improve- 
ment and paid liy the holder of such properts' the sMine as taxes. 

According to the report of the State Bureau ol' St;ilistics for the 
year 1910, the bonded indebtedness of the city of Valparaiso, less cash 
in the sinking fund, was $69,772.57. Of the throe incorporated towns 
in the county. Porter reported a debt of $847.25, ^vhiIe Chesterton and 
Plebron were out of debt, the former having a balance in the treasury 
of $797.27, and the latter a balance of $1,909.20. Taken altogether, these 
figures show that the county and municipal afraifs ln'.w; been managed 
MTth a view to promoting the general welfare of 1lie iieiiplr, llie indebted- 
ness of the city of Valparaiso having been im lurcd fur 1he i)uri)0se of 
making much needed improvements. 

During the teri'itorial days in Indiana, wry litlle ini/iuy was in cir- 
culation. Few banks had been established noitlr.'est of I he Ohio river, 
and these few wei-e conducted under laws so lax in iheir operation that 

•M "; 

'MM, ^-f ■• .' ^^i;-:,- 



'1: !.. i ■, • U ." ■■ ■"■"'!■'< IJt W 'iv 

, ,■, i.i "I.I.', Iv;! ,i:).D''J 'iM''.'/ .vy't -ji^;'!!! !•'■ 

21b nisToijY OF poirL'i<ni county 

the people hail no coufidcii'-i in the bank;, and very littk • ,ii(iJrni-c h. 
a majority ol the men wlio f-ouducted iIicul. The temtoii: liM'ii.hiliic 
of 1S14 ehnrtrd two banking institutions— the Bank of Jlad'smi and llr 
Bank oi! Vinccnnes — both oT whicli v.. i u recognized by liie first ^laiv 
constitution, adoi:)ted in 181 Ci. and the lirst state legislai. , .■ [inssid -am 
act making tiiL I'.ank o£ A^im ciines a stati^ institution. No sruK'HieJits i. ai 
been made in J*orter county at that time, the land still bcinii' held Uy Ih.' 
Indians. The lirst bank in Porter county was a private conci rii loihlm \< d 
by Franklin W. and Ilnlilinrd Hunt. Both wei'c natives of i_'rtiis iCirat;. . 
New Ilampshii'c, where Fi-anklin AV. was born on February G. IS 17. M'- 
wa.s one of the early settlei-s of Valparaiso, where he engag' J jn ifn,' liiy- 
goods business. Hubbard li^.nt learned tlie trade of machiiM>l jind Iw.. - 
linisbcr w'itli tlie Fairbaid ^ Scale Company at Johnsbl^■.■', V'-rnMi-.;. 
Upon coming 1o Porter coiuily in 1846 he became associ.-M-'d wU]: hu 
brother in the store. In IS !.'! lie went to California, but rel-.i-ned to V';,!- 
paraiso in the spring of IbOi and again entered into partner. ;lnj) villi lii- 
brother. In 1855 they disposed of their diy-goods business and (•!!' ;i;>d 
a banking house. The foliowing year Hubbard Hunt willidrow. in,' 
Franldin W. cenlinued in llie business for some years. In later yeai-.s 
he owned a farm, near Valparaiso, where he lived a part of the time. II is 
death occurred OJi February ■.], 1892. llubliard Hunt, aflcr withdrawing 
from th6 bank, was engaged in stock raising for a short lim.', ;uui was 
later in the hardware business with John i\T. Felton. He ma; rlcd I''ine1l- 
Dunning in IS.'il and died on Alay 6, ls;)."i. The old liomesf' ud on Xcrlli 
Wasliington street was gi\<ii liy him mid his wife to the rity of \ai- 
jiaraiso to be used as a ]>iililic library Imilding. Franl;liu W. iluni 
iinally liquidated the busini'ss of tliis early bank and retireil Irnin iH'iive 

Shortly after the commencement oC the Civil war, Coii"fi'ss iias:^- .1 
an aet authorii'iag the estaliiislnnent of national banks. Viidi i flir^ prd 
visions of this law articles of .Uisociatimi were signed on Al;i.\ L''', isd ., 
for the formation of the Fiist National P>ank of Valparaiso 'J'l;; e,.jiii. ' 
stock was fixed at $50,000, which was held by twenty-one sto.'klinldiv,-.. 

i'.'.j/ ;-ni,.! 'h.j L'.) t)i '' „*. y.J\i;o' ;j !• 

T, .-^ , ,., -.1, .,■■:. ,tl 

,-i! oi! 

.^,'i|i:-'tl(' J 


L;ik'r ill the year the liaiilc was fully (u-gaiiized ^vitll I'i'v A. Cass as jh^si- 
(le)i( and I\I. L. jMeClellaiid c.isliier. Tlu' first hoard I'l 'livectors eoii-i.^led 
ol' flu; president, Thomas S. Slantiehl, Josepli Pieree, AV. C. Taleotl. S. W . 
Smith, ]5. F. Sdieiiek and A. V. i>artlioloiiie\v. The hrst deposit in Hii\ 
liaiik \vas made on Noveiidier :i(), .18(1.'!, liy ]\Irs. ^luvy P. Broun. In 
1882 — tlie original e.liarter 1'or twenty years lieiiifr ahont to expire- -I If 
bank was reorganized as the First National Bank of J''or1er Comit\-, w hii h 
oeenpicd the same building and was composed of the same stoekhold'is 
lliough the capital stock Avas increased to $100,000. The charter ol ih/ 
reorganized bank was dated .May 4, 1SS2, to run for t^venty years, tn 
.March. 1902, William Jolinston. Charles A\". Benton and others bled an 
ai)plication with the United Stales govrriniiciit for authority to organi/.i' 
the Valparaiso National Bank, to take the place of the old First Xali'iiu j 
Bank of Porter County. In response to the i^etition a charter was gi antrd 
and again the bank M-as reorganized. The Valparaiso National Bank i-, 
located on the west side of Wasbinglon street, opposite the court-hfais.'. 
A statement of the bank issued at the close of business on Jime 1-1. 1(112, 
shows the capital stock to lie $100,000. a surplus of .$20,000, and drpi.sii-. 
of $093,793. At that time the officers of the bank -were Charles "W. lien 
ton, president; Leslie R. Skinner, vice-president; A. J. Loudei'ha'-k 
ca.shicr; T. L^ Applegate, assistant cashier. 

On November 23, 1874. a savings bank was started by the late -losipli 
Garduer. In the fall of 1878 the institution was incorporated as (he 
Farmers' National I5ank, with a capital stock of $:")(), 000, and op(Mied iis 
doors for business as a national bank on February 1,1879. The original 
stockholders -were Joseph Gardner, A. V. Bartholomew, II. B. lii'owii, .1. 
]\r. Felton, ^Y. P. Wilcox, J. C. Flint, John Wark, Joseph E. Ilill -f. ,V. 
Bozarth and George A. Dodge. Joseph Gardner -was elected jin'oidrni 
and seiTcd in that capacity until his death in October, 1907, when bis son, 
AV. If. Gardner, was elected to the office, which Ik^ still holds. 'J'lie nijir!- 
officers of the bank at the beginning of 1912 were: AV. C. "\Vind!'\ lirst, 
^■ice-president ; P. AV. Clifford, second vice-iu'esideiit ; E. J. GaKhici, 
cashier; A. N. Worstell, assistant cashier. A statement is.sued b.\ the 

■ I ''l I ■ ■ ''(-,.1 lii,' ri;/1 t?>l''J •>!, ^:; !,^, 

I' .!'■ 'M?''!',' 

>• '. •Min-'./iu' 

;/ Jilt MM 1- 


,.;' ,J .'I' ,•> 'i''-'-;^ 

■ l,--iii liJn;:..';! 


bank ou F.liruafy 20, 1912, slews n c^ciial stock of $50,000, a surplus 
of $33,110, and rkposils of $C02,0S2. 

The State Baiili oi' Valparaiso \v;k (/rtr;iiii/-(d in 3889 under the laAvs 
of the State of Indiana. It occujiics :\ lunidsomc and M'ell appointed 
building on the south side of avemio opposite the court-house 
and i; recognized as orie of the substaJdial financial institutions of Por- 
ter couat.y. A statement issued by this iiank on April 18, 1912, i-eports 
the capital stock an $50,000, the sui-plus fund as $12,500, and deposits 
of $409,817. At that time the office! s of tho hank were as follows: 
H. II. Loring, president; John AV. Sioli ;uid i'l-tfr J. Horn, vipe-presi- 
dcnts; Paul Nui>pnau, cashier j Murk \... Dickover secretary, and Clin- 
ton Jones, ' assistant cashier. Thesi^ ofii>/'-i-s wiiii the exception of the 
as.=sistant cashier, and William E. I'inin.y. H. 1*. Ci.irhoy, J. Lowenstiue, 
liohri-l, T. Wark and Charles B. Fosicr vrotjslitat,oil the board of directors. 

I'll ailditiou to the three banks alujve inenfionfd, the city of Valpa- 
raiso lias two trust companies that do a bankitig business. The Thrift 
Trust Company was organized in l!Mi:;, ,iiid liat; its home in the same 
building as the State Bank. At the < los'- of business on Apr-il 18, 1912, 
the coinjiany issued a statement showJug (lie eai>ital stock to be $25,00(1 
and deposits of $524,0*69. The officers at ( hat lime were : IT. II. Loring, 
president; John Tv. Sieh and P. J. Horn, viiM^-pi'csidenfs; Emma K. 
Pinney,''secretary ; Paul >>'ui)pnau, cashier 

The First Tinist Company, wliieli is o|ii'iiilril in connection ■wdli. 
the Valpai-aiso Nation.-il Bank, was org^mizcd in 190G. In 1912 Charles 
W. Benton was president; Leslie 11. Skinnn-, \ ice-president, and A. AA', 
Cow'.irey, cashier. The capital stock of iliis tOi'jpany is $25.('00 and 
the depos-its amoiint to $183,772. 

On April 3, 18!)0, -Josepli (Jardner and d'cmgr C. jNTorgan opened 
a bank at Chestci-tou. llr. iMorgjin diid in IS:) I mid Mr. Gardner- 
eonlJnucd in the i/usujcss until Janimry V, 1;)(I2, A\liyn he sold his 
interest to Charles L. Jeffrey', who had \-rr;, . askiti- ol' the bank sineo 
its organization. A comjdete reorgani/.at'oi' nf tlii.-, bank took place 
on July 25, 1910, when the capital stoik was incica'^cd from $10,000 

.1/ I.I,; (i:>- ' 

I, A 


1, 1,111, 1 , ' >'l •' 

« .U I .'- 

^ ,1' 1-^ 

!,( -i.., -ill 
< 0! !■ ■ •■'' 


I , I , 1 . ■. 

.,.,,11 ;v ^;_n'! .R 



to $25,000 ivn\ the following board nl' (in 
Jeffrcj, E. L. I\Iorgari, Joseph H. Anuli i.-. 
Dr. C. 0. AViltt'on^. Mr. Jeffrey was ci lU.l 
vice-presideut ; E. L. Morgaii, cashier, .in. 
cashier. The l!anker'.s Dii-ectory foi- Jiiim:.-. • 
stock of the Chesterton Bank as s|i2r).UU'i. ii 
deposits of .1;20(;.00(). 

On May 17, 189;!, J. M. Foster tiled an ap])lirati(ni for a receiver 
for the bank at Hebron, which bad been cp n 'd lt\ Ji. S. Dwiggins and 
others some time before. Judge Gillcll Liiuntrd the a])2ilication and 
appointed 51. J. Stiiiehfield ve<'eiver. Xu '.■ -.stigation showed liabilf- 

i> I's i-liosen : Charles L. 
(" larli., A. Petei'son and 
jiLsjdi nl ; J. H. Ameling, 
!'.. ]j. Warren, assistant 
}'.*]-. reports the eai^ital 
!■ surpius as $2,100, and 

ties of about $25,000 and assets of $4,()iii' 
The Lowell Uank, in Lake county, aU" i 
Dwiggins a,nd his associates, A\'as i)la<'(il i 
the same time. A few- days later Elmci' 
committees from each of the two banks !" 
ment. "With them they brought a ba" ■ 
contracts from purchasers of lots in llu 
committees rej)resenting the depositors ivln 
and they wei'e attached by the sheriff o\' ' 
then turned o\er everything to a board ut i !■ 
York. A year or so later the receiver cIom 
having paid the depositors ninety -five pei 
March, 1897, IMr. Dwiggins mailed ea<-b <l 
maining five per cent, the total amountiu;:- W 
time the Citizens' Bank of Hebron liad 1 
a capital stock of 25,000. The Banker's i 
gives the officers of this bank at that liiiit; : 
president: IT. W. Bryant, viee-presid( ni ; 
Nichols, a.ssistant cashier. The bank has a 
deposits of nearly $200,000. 

On January 8, 1909, the Bank of Iv. m 
of Remington, Jasper count}', was ])!•, -i!. 

< eash and $5,000 in notes. 
: iblished and operated by 
■ I,.' hands of a receiver at 
.;:i(l JoNiah Dwiggins met 

:ke sdiiii- kind of a settle- 
■'iiaii)iiig some $50,000 in 
■, .- to\ui of Griffith. The 
■A to aceept these contracts 
,' ■-' eoiiiity. Mr. Dwiggins 
ti-nslees and went to New 

ij) the affaire of the bank, 
cut of their losses, and in 
'I'sitor a check for the re- 
Miiae $2,000. Li the mean- 

i or;.'aiii/ed in 1894, with 
li.etory for January, 1912, 

follow.s ; William Fisher, 
. !•; Fisher, cashier; J. J. 
:ii-|iliis hind of $3,000 and 

<if N\lii>'l) Robert Parker, 
i. closi-d its doors and a 

' ' '■''■'>■' I' , ■-■A- (.( ,„v 

ii;-))' j-.i.. ; . |. . ,' .,.)..,>£ (. _,, 

' Mi'!! ■■■ ■ 

'1 );i::; vV 

,1 ., ;T '11,:, -t^ "i 

,^l : .U;fj..fir5 

'/f.;l'. jtO 
(•"ilii'TiJl In 

222 lllSTOUY OK rOUT i:i; (, OlIxXTY 

representative ol' tlie slate auditor ti)i)l< cliai'.L^^ of the iiistitutiou. Vitv- 
ker was subsequently sent to the penit' iiliary on the eha.vf^'e of bank 
wrecking. Some uf the eitizcus of ]vouis jimrhased tlie old bnihiinK 
and organized tlie Porter County ]!ank, whi^li opened its doors for 
business on July 31, liJOlt. In Januaiy. 11112, llie Banker's Diret-lory 
reported the capital stock of this bank as irirtjutil. surplus, !l;l,50l), and 
deposits of ^105,000. jMost oi' the stock in tins Porter County Ba)ik is 
held by local men and its niauagemenl is in the hands of well known 
citizens, H. A. Wright being president: J. d. Ovcnnyer, vice-president, 
and P. 0. Norris, cashier. 

A postal savings l)ank was opened oJi -luly :!l, IfllT, in connection 
with the A''alparaiso postolHce, the first deposit licjng nujde on that dale 
by A. L. Brown. On August 1, 1912, tlic (l(|>osiis amounted to about 
$8,300. The postal savings bank at Chesi, ifoo was started about the 
beginning of the year 1912, and on August Ist had deposits of about 
$4',000. The small deposits in the Valpai-aiso Postal Savings Bank are 
accounted for by the fact that the people have confidence in the local 
banks and trust companies which paj^ better intcfcst mi deposits. 

One of the well establislied and substaniial iinandal concerns of 
Porter county is the ^'alparaiso Building Loan- fund and Savings Asso- 
ciation. It was chartei-ed in Decendjer, 1SS7. with an mithorized ca])i- 
tal of .$500,000, which has since lieen ineiv.iM'd \n +1,000,000. Tiie 
first .s'tu'ies of stock, issued at the time tlie assoeialiiui was organized, 
was matured on January 1, 1898. The foi l\-eiehtli si'iui-anuual state- 
ment, dated June 29, 1912, .shows stock in foice ;MiHiiniling to $917,57.'), 
Avith loans outstanding amounting to $237,.S2i'. Al tlie time of this 
statement was issued the oflieers of the association \,iTe; J. E. Koes- 
sler, president; C. "W. Dickovei-, A'ice-presidenl : ('. W. Pxidon, treasurer; 
E. L. Loomis, ^secretary ; M. L. Diekover, audiior. .\. I). l>ai'tliolome\\', 
attorney. Through the o]5erations of this assoei,iti..ii iii:my jieople of 
Valparaiso have licen aided in securing Ikhii's of llieli- nwu — peo]ile 
who otherwise might liavc eimtiimed in tlie ren1-p;,,\ i ni: class throu'jli 

,;:):■ -I)!!' 

1-1 . H'''"-!"'' ' 

r. ^ (! '.y .:> I' 

IIISTOllY OF POKTEll ('(UXT'i' 22:; 

out llieir eutire lives. And this has been dour wiflmiii Ihc foreclosui-e 
of a single mortgage. 

or the industries and occupations in Portei- c-ounly, agriculture has 
always stod at the head of the list, a position it will [nobably occu]iy 
for yeai-s to come. Located as it is withiu L-.ui\(ir''.MiL (.li.stance of the 
great Chicago markets and traversed by a ni;l\\(iil-. of railroads, tiie 
county offers splendid inducements to the fanjier iiiid llie dairyman. 
Some idea of the magnitude of the agricultural iulcrcsls may be gained 
froui the following figures, taken from the report of the State Bureau 
of Statistics for the year 1910 : 

Acres Bushels Value 

Corn ..;....... 41,492 ],27G,:::;i ^r(i:^8,166 

Wheat 10,495 212,(.:i7 212,697 

Oats ■ 24,253 909,fl 1 1 :J(iL;,966 

Eye 3,401 48,325 31 ,411 

Potatoes ],51G 159,07(1 73,630 . 

liuckwheat ' 247 2.90!! 2,036 

Berries 87 2,9 J9 4,718 

Total 1.320,624 

But it is in the xjroductiou of ha.y that Pojirr eounty excels. A(s 
cording to the report above quoted the produl•lj^)u of hay of various 
kinds in 1910 was as follows: 

;i-)v'', ., ; , Acres 'i'ons \'alue 

Timothy 31,362 35.:)92 35:t,920 

Alfalfa 331 500 5,000 

Prairie (marsh), 4,797 -l.dlO 25,245 

Clover ],495 1,821 18,240 

.+ 108,405 
Only three counties in the stale — Allen, Ad.nns ami I, jikc -produced 

ur,v'' viol m;i 

•/■((''■■■•I /-;•!■., I 

,.■ iii.'lj u:,'.ift frMli f(Mi In/, .H-^V" 

.•wHjit-. .1(1 '([ijnv, r, t 

• - !■ I ii''l M' .'!' . I;,( i; i . I'. I:, ■,\''v< !'M:'. nil !M!t 

' . . ,!iii '!"." •:.■ , ' I'l! 'f. ,, ■ ,'tliiyi ! 

.1' •„..< ,.r .li )iL< . -'ij c 'lu.'Uia ---lofto 
. ^ ' •:u:^^•■.^^■ : ■ .V; :.; ;.■ ..,1. !,.„•;.! 


'iiiH ■ ■.■.(!;« •■!a( ' 

2:.'4 lli.STOllY (K- roKTHJf COl^XTY 

more liuiolliy Iimv tluin I'orlor, and the cniiiity stood iitth in the pio- 
diictiou of pi'airie or mursh h,iy. wliii-h lias for years been on.' ol' the 
leading- eiops ol' the K; ntakee viiih'N. As a means of proteelion to this 
industiy a Ilay J)(alers' Assoeiatiou was started in the suiumer of 
188!), emln-iicing- all the territoj-y tributarj' to the Kankakee river. 
The objects of the association Avere deelared to he to ])revent the oa erstoek- 
ing of Uie market at the opci;iii<.': of the seasoii; to proeure ears for 
shiijnient; to expose dishonest loiiimission men, and in various other 
Avays protect the producers of hay. A meting was held at Kouts on 
August 7, 1889, and a number of Porter county farmers signified their 
willing-ness to join in tlie niovouient. It was impossible, iio\M_-\-er, to 
secure the complete eooiieration of all the hay producers over so largv 
a territory and the association came to naught. 

During the year ]900 the farmcj-s of the count.\- sold 707 horses 
and mules, whieh brought i}!8S.515, ajid at the close of the year they 
had on lir.iid 12,09.1 hor.M-s and jindcs vahied at $754,244. Beef cattle 
to the number of 2,579 Mere schl for $76,160, and at the close of the 
year there were reported on hand 5.4 46 liead, valued at $138,367. The 
M-ool clip for the year equaled 24,162 pounds, which sold for $4,763. 
Sheep sold numbered 2,349, Avhich brought $11,072, and there were 
remaining on hand 3,962 head, valued at $19,632, The number of 
galloirs of milk sold during the year was 4,034,407, which brought $520, 
2«1, ^nd there were nuuiceted 213,088 pounds of butter for $48,185. 
The sale of hogs was 16,724 head, for which the receipts were $198,925. 
Considerable attention has been given to poultry and in 1909 there 
were sold over $25,000 worth of fowls; 620,843 dozeji eggs, wliieli 
brought $125,764. It is worthy of uoie that in the national egg-laying 
contest conducted by the ^Missouri State experiment station in November, 
1911, five liens belonging to E. A. Berg, of Dune Park, Porter county, 
took first prizcv Over forty diiferent varieties of hens were entered 
from all parts of the United States and Canada. Jlr. Berg's five hens 
laid 101 eggs during the month, Avbidi was nineteen more than their 
neai-est competitors, bringing the sih. i- cii]) to Porter countv. 

,/ M, ) .i-ri-iii' , . 

,,;i lit jli'" '" ' 

, ,,, .. -,,;, M\u t'-"i ■■'' •' 

„ ,., •.'I' 

,, „i .^) TiTii •■ ' 


,-.iil '.>■> 


;V''J t^' 

,., .,,,■ ;-wl; •'»■'■■': 

.1 ,;. --"I'*'- 

. ;,„,.. .i;.; .ill V 
■,.,1, .>■,' 

1.(1/ ■.!• '1 'l' 

, .,,13 . .W..1 '!'--"' 


As a nil> . the fainiers of Portei* county have been rciiCy and wilUiug 
to uuile in si e suiiport ot any iroATment for tlie advaiir-ement of agri- 
ciiltiiral iril rests. During tlie '70.s Griuiges of the Pa(rons of IIus- 
bandrv were oruaiiized in different parts of the country and the co- 
operative )!j('thod of i>urchasi)ig supplies was practiced until the grange 
uioveiucnt xell into dcc;;y. At tlie clt'se of the j'eur 1S90 there were 
ten lodges of the Fariuer^' Alliance in the county, with a total member- 
ship of about 600. On Saturday, December 20, 1890, fifty-one dele- 
gates I'l-oui these ten subordinate alliaiiees met at the Opera House in 
Val])araiso and J'ormcd a county alliuiirc, with E. H. Merrifield as 
pi'esidont; David Keller, vice-president; Htate Jones, secretary; Johil 
M. Foster, treasurer; Daniel Bryant, chaplain; William (^allahau, stew- 
ard; Gus Sehull/,, doorkeeper; "NVilliaia AUixwell, assistant doorkeeper; 
W. D. ITowell, lecturer; Leander Jones, business agent. S. P. Barker, 
organizer for the county, was in charge of the meeting. Unfortunately 
the usefulness of the Farmers' Alliance was destroyed by its "gettng 
into politics," and the members were deprived from i-ealizing th 
beneJits which might otherwise have i-esultcd froiu the organizatiim. 

As an educational factor the farmers' institute has played an iiu- 
poi'tanl part in the improvement of agricultural conditions through- 
out the country. It may be said that the farmers' institute is due in a 
great measure to the Mon-ill laud grant bill of 1862, but agricultural 
societies organized prior to the passage of that bill furnished the 
medittm for the successful establishment of the institute. Little was 
accomplished until after the close of the Civil w-ar, and in recent years 
the institutes are generally held in connection with, or under the auspices 
of. the state agrieultural colleges or some experiment station. Just 
when the first insiitutc was held in Porter county eaiuiot be definitely 
ascertained, but th,e county was one of the first in the state to adopt 
the idea, and the institutes have usually lieen well attended. In 1889 
llie legislature passed an act authorizing the boards of county connui.s- 
sioiu'rs in the several counties of the state to give financial aid and 
encouragement to farmers' institutes. This act was supplemented by 

'M"iv !'(•(! ■' 1', M 1 r I v.. i ■, ii ' o* ir \ c • ' 'I 1 -nil 

1, )'• .1r. ,, •.■ 11./ i:. • I III > • It r ■ . I ,' " ' . , i ' ' iW -1)'" 

if !•; •',!■■' i; I ;,; I 'i'. i ..It, -f.' ;ilV ■• ,• ( '' ' ■■■,■> 'iii 'w 


tlie law oT 1907, which provided that the exp'-nse of one far)viers' insti- 
tute in each county should be defrayed from the public funds, the 
amount so ai)pi'opriated to be equal to the sum contributed by the laeiu- 
bers in attendance, but in no ease was the appropriation to exceed 
$100. Prizes offered to stinnilate experimental work w'cre classed as 

Under the operation of this law- the most successful institute in 
Porter county up to that time was held in the iMemorial Opera House 
at Valparaiso, on January 8-9, 1909. Prof. James Troop, of Purdue 
University, was present and delivered an address, and the following 
otficci's were elected for the ensuing year: John W. KueM, chairman; 
B. L. Keene, secretary; Samuel Dille, treai>urer. Over 100 members 
were present at the county institute held at in April, 1911, 
when B. L. Keene was elected chairman; Virgil Johnson, secretary; cud 
Isaac Dillingham, treasurer. This institute was also held under the 
auspices of an instructor from Purdue Uni\.rsity. Institutes iichl 
since that time have been as follows: Kouts, December 28, 1911; Boone 
Grove, December 29, 1911; Valparaiso, January 16-17, 1912, when a 
corn and poultry show were the jirincipal features; Hebron, Januiuy 
19, 1912; Chesterton, January 30, 1912. 

Early in 1900 an effort was made to interest the farmers of Porter 
county to engage in the cultivation of sugar beets. A representative 
01 the beet sugar factory at Kalamazoo, jrichigan, visited Valparaiso 
and announced that his company were anxious to locate a factory 
there, provided a sufficient number of acres could be planted to becK 
to keep the factoi-y running after it was established. At a meeting on 
March 3, 1900, Ibis representative, AVilliam Strong, presented state- 
ments from a nunibei' of Micliigan farmers shewing that Iheir beef 
crops had brought them from $-ll to $88 an acre. He offered to furnish 
all the sfcd necessary at fifteen cents per pound — fifteen pounds to the 
acre — the price of the seed to be deducted from tlic first payraeuf for 
beets after the crop had been matured. A iiuiiii : of I'ai-mers eiilered 

-,o«l 'P 



" ■ ' . ,'■,.■■■,■■' If. 

ii": n. 

:0 -.'^'/I 

I.. -•'I ^'l<i . - 

I,,.. ,:f 1, 



Tc;. .: '11 
•ii! ■ 1 ' 

1 1-/.' 



I L'/ 10 

, ..>- ,..11 " 
1 ;;.it.^--v. 


; lo eoiitratts of this character, but a suiiieieut number could uot be 
' i lained, an I tlie whole project was abandoned. 

Another instance of how the farmers of the county arc willing to 
cooperate for mutual protection may be seen in the case of the Farmers' 
Insurance Company. About the bct^iuiiiiig of 1902 insurance rates 
were advanced by the old insurance companies. On March 15th a 
iueeting was held to discuss the advisability of organizing a mutual 
insurance company. A large majority of those present expressed them- 
selves in favor of the movement and a resolution was adopted that, as 
soon as the required number of names could be .secured, such a company 
be incorporated under the law's of Indiana. The organization was fully 
completed on May 10, 1902, with John W. Brummitt, president ; Joseph 
A. Stephenson, vice-president; P. A. jMarquart, seei'etary; Jasper N. 
Finney, treasurer. These officers, with Amos B. Lantz, B. F. Jones, 
Charles A. Anderson and A. W., constituted the first board of 
directors. At the time of incorporation tlie company had risks amount- 
ing to $150,000, and within a year this had been increased to over 
.$500,000. During the first five years of its existence the company wrote 
over $2,000,000 in insurance chiefly upon the farm houses and barns 
in the county. On August 1, 1912, the company had about $2,855,000 
insurance in force. Andrew Bickel was then president; Amos B. Lautz, 
vice-president; Peter A. Marquart, secretai-y ; Jasi)er N. Finney, treas- 
urer; Charles A. Anderson, Martin L. Galln-cath, A. W. Fumess, and 
Cliarles Link, directors. Since the organization of the company it has 
paid 261 losses. 

Several attempts have been made lo discover natural gas or oil 
wiliiin the county. Soon after gas was found in central Indiana a 
comi)any was formed at Valparaiso to bore for gas near that city. At 
a mcding held on February 19, 1887, at the council chamber, Chai'les 
Dickover, chairman of the committee on contract, announced that the 
liiil of 11. W. Carter, of Bradford, Peiuisylvani.i, had been accepted. 
j\Ir. Carter's proposition Avas to bore to the depth of 1,200 feet for $1,800, 
or to go to a depth of 2,000 fee) at the same rate — $1.50 per foot. A 

':"[■■/,:]■•': 'A,' • ;i,)M MO Yili> 

■j :.',ntJiv/ 1', ■,;'.i.,iov Oil' ; 

'Vj^r 'i V:lt i(, .•■•M 'nil Mf 

.::t ; '.;;■.•[>;; >:.;7/ rohv'C: ri ■ c' '1'. 'o ':"''i.'' ni . 


1 .'. 


:-:;..■;• .hi.d;, ::,' . A .'i :/ ''hi,': ' r ■ ■ ' rU'.?l".i!n-.)r' /. 

■ :'■. y;j:!- ■ .- ' ■£: . '; . ; ,■ • ,•■.'■ /. . , ;,,!■) 

.; 7..'MriOV .,.:. ,,,,;;.;..,,,.. : ,<, ■^. ,, , f/_ .-K.Jj.,.' 

;r ;.-•■••' I..!.'! ■',;!■ 'iv.rr^ .■ ...-.liv/ 1' i,; '.("''■/'(.;- .,] >;,i 
'i; ' .;"-jk;,' ■ ■-:,■; l'-d'')L;v v ■■ ' i If' "[ \i ' -I'X .lii^'iiMi'; 

',; ; ■•/:./. t :: . ,0! .Sl':r ,! • ' :,/. ,,; 1 /.i,i,i.r. D(l' n. 
, : ■ .' ; ■■ ■ '1 .!■ ' " v>' ' 1 •.■: i; ' :/'^ . i 11. ■'. I J i .1. " 'iii:':i,vli 

■ ■)':■'.'■ :,■•,.'•;■:■',■. , i-r';!n. . :: 7. ./, i I't - .uiiji.iyu'ii)-'' ifv 

■ .■ .(I '. :-• Af lii; • ■!/' .,,<.. :sr^-; .' , ; ;,, iO , vin 
O- 'Ir !•-•■ ■...- . 'mV .. -. : .r. . ..M> .. •! i :v,!,r;ir 

<-..;■.■ ,, f ;': . lu|. . 

.^i\ ■■■!>■■■,■ '[■ '■ .'i:;.!'i .1 ..' ■ .' ;J ,;;ril?;. i..- ..-•^ 

. .;; i.i-. >■ r, ■■• • -, -i-v ;i •! ■ ••; yi'uai-, K i'i.|i;-.v 

■, ■-•■.jf. ■ :, 'r ,.. :.;,■•! ,!;.■ •■■,>!'; '! 'in (,i., < -•- ", „rr ,. 

.,;■ .; . .,i:r - ;:,, .•,:•;, UI..1. ,. • \ .ilim lf;,i'. 'r< ■o^l'iiCl 

: . ..::::.: • : - ^'1 J.' >ii,;.uT '; . . ": , ) J' . ' 1 -■ 1- 


22.S III:-;'l'ORV 01'' i'UKTEU COUNTY 

lot was seeurecL fi\)i]i iMayor liartlioloiiK'W near the carria-c Tactoj-y 
(now the JMica Works i and the work of (irilliiig- was coninicnccd. On 
IMay 0, 1887, the coiapiuiy wa.s iticorpofated with a capiUil stock of 
$50,000, divided iulo shares of $r.() each. The well was then 700 feet 
deep, the last ninety ieet of which had heeu through the Niagara lime- 
stone. At the depth of 800 feet the well was eased and the water pmuped 
out. TlmUessenger oJ' Alay 19th, in conLmentiiig upon the progress of 
the gas well, said:" This forenoon a depth of nearly 850 feet had been 
reached. The water l)ueket brought up a U!illv>- liquid smelling like 
dead Chinamen. It seemed like the perfume of sulphuretted hydrogen. ' ' 
The editor also predicted that gas would be struck within \ week, but 
the prediction failed of realization. ^U'ter going to a depth of 1,^^40 
feet without finding any strong judical ions of gas, the project was aban- 

In xVugust, 1893, some worknu-n angaged in drilling a well on the 
John Bnunmitt farm jiear Purnessville struck a pocket of gas which 
showed a strong pressure, but the supply was limited and was soon 
exhausted. The nien were not boring for ga.s, the object in sinking 
the well l)cing for the pni'pose of olitaining water. 

In the summer of IIMII a runmr gained currency that some persons 
interested in oil and ga.s were endeavoring to secui'e leases upon Kank- 
akee nuirsh lauds for the purpose of sinking wells in [jiat district. The 
Chicago Hunting and Fishing Club sank a well upon its preserves at 
Davis Station in Stai'ke county, but found nothing to repay the troul)le 
and expenditure. It is said that Joseph Leiter, of Chicago, was oiu; of 
the principal promoters of this undertaking. 

Henry & Company drilled six wells upon the Keeves estate in the 
southern part of the county in the fall of 1901 and the early part of 
1902. The sixth well, which was comjilcled in March, 1902, showed both 
oil and gas in small (luantilies. A puinj) was installed, but the field 
proved to be of short duration and no furtiier efforts were made to 
find gas or oil in that region. 

On November 21, ]902, oil was found on the Collins farm between 

'.rx -'l^' 


,,l .:>.» 



'•''' ' . ,, .,.,,, ■.[^■■■■^'■■'> ■•""■■ 

; '.'Mi'i.. ^.■- '*''"■' ■' ' ' . 1,,,,, Ua 

.. ■■■; •■ ■' ■ ,., ,,.; ,.1 1.-T">-1>1 

• ^ --^'' ':::;:.: .,., ^-'^^ 


V.'i.ilville Mild Suiiianvillft near tln^ Baltiinoi'^ & Oliio railroad, by a 
(■(ii.ii)any of Valparaiso men — ITewilt, CoiiHas and LiglitcaJ). Here the 
oil was stnick at a deplli of 260 feet. It was a heavy oil, well adapted 
to lubricating uses and was pronounced by experts to be of superior 
quality, but the supply was too limited to justify extended operations. 

All oil company was oryani/.ed at Valparaiso on Ajjril 25, 1903, with 
John P. Salzer, of La Crosse, Wisconsin, as president; Frank Scliaettle, 
of Mondovi, Wisconsin, vice-president; James W. Coultas, of Valparaiso, 
secretary; Albert Plantz, of La C!rosse, Wisconsin, treasurer; and Wil- 
liam J. Ileiny, of Valparaiso, managing: director. Some 3,000 acres 
of land wei-c leased and about half a dozen wells were sunk. Oil was 
found ill .small f|uantities. It was of good (juality and commanded a 
high price, but the expense of ]>uiiiping was so great Hiat it consumed 
the profits-and the company was finally dis.sol.ed. 

Several oil wells were bored near Sumauville on the Baltimore & 
Ohio railway in the spring of IHO.'j. Oil was found here at a depth of 
275 feet. It was of fine (iualit\- for a lubricator, but in such small 
([uantities (liat it had to be forced to the surface by pumps. This field 
was also aliandoned after a short trial. 

In the fall of lfl06 the officials of the Knickerbocker Ice Company 
came to the,' conclusion that oil existed in the sandy districts iu the 
northei'ii part of the county. They secured oil leases on lands from 
Dune Park eastward along the Calumet river and the Lake Shore & 
Michigan Southern railroad and began boring for oil, but soon decided 
that they were engaged in a futile endeavor and ceased work. 

On Friday, i\Iareli 13, 190S, gas was stnick near Jackson Center by 
W. J. Heniy, of Valjiaraiso, who was engaged in drilling for water 
iVir the New York & Chicago Air Line. Concerning this well, the 
Valparaiso Messenger of tbcl4th says: "A four inch pipe, driven 332 
feiit into the ground, gives vent to the gas. When the flow began there 
was 200 feet of water in the iiipe and it was thrown out with great force, 
rising in a c-,olumn twenty fn ' 'ligh. Will: the water, stones, clay, etc., 
were forced out. The gas slid! Mp to a hciiibt of aboul foiiy feet above 

rry.:i,... ..,;>r! ,!■•"' ''io V)iOTi-:(H' 

■■''t -i-Ai .<l■•,U^'^;.l \.(u - 
•"■;-■.',!,. In .,,! ,,. :.f,.,qy., v,r I,,. 

' ■'■■>• '■■>■'■' Mil. 

.;.:,..^ -.'It ,,m1' ,vjih.,. 

mI. , ^ ,/ 

-• III h;,. (, 

;i. /(',.,P 



l.i';; I ..•;■ I ..■■,■\■^:^ 
:■' V..! ;: ,,i.,rj ri'T.,.' 

).! Mi 7,' .-'LV (•',(■'('; 

fil.! ,;/ 

. ''.'i' ■■■)'t;)ar.ii;. 

: 'l/il ■■fH ,ll 

■r. ,>:() (.r . 
. ('Ml U-V:.-. 

• It.. •■! u,i-i,;.iiA 

■ '••i>''' ■',"■" ill''' 

,1. .11 ,;. •// 

■ ■•':■'/, -Jilt -f./: 


'1' ', : ' >.' • ^ ;!J -.l'!" !u.. :.-, ,'!(ri ■,(': 


the ^;i-oimd, .md its volume couliiiaei' un(Uniiiiishi''l tli-oiigliout last 
night and toda>'. The ji't w.i.s lit last iiight and the i)ir.-ir of fire could 
be seen for miles around." Some excitement attended Ihis discovery 
and many thought that the gas field of Porter county iiad at hist heen 
sti'uek. But the gas proved to he merely a pocket am! •■; a. sluu't time 
the flow ceased. Since that time no further efforts I • \-e been made 
to find either gas or oil. ^ti (,■'.■ ■ 

John I. Foster was pi'obablj' the first man in Porter county to manu- 
facture any article for export, or J'or sale at home. He learned the 
trade of auger maker v>'ith his brother-in-law, a man named JIarvin, 
iu New York City. In the early '30s he came to Indi^ma, and about 
1834 settled iu what is now Westchesii-r iownship, Porter oiinty. Here 
he fitted up a small forge and engaged in making one-i'vrh, inch and a 
half and two-inch augei-s, which found ready sale among the pioneers. 
His son, John Foster, rehdcs that in tlie winter of 183r)-:i(i he made up 
a large numbei- of augers and the following spring took them to Chicago. 
Upon his return home, when asked wliat he thought of Chicago, he 
replied: "It's a right smart little place." Mr. Fo.iter was also 
sometliing of a surveyor, and in the si)ring of 1835 laid out the to^\■n 
of Waverly. 

Among the early manufacturers of ^'alparaiso were the three bi-o- 
thers — George C, Henry J\I. and Andrew J. Buel — who began the manu- 
facture of wagons in 1839. George retired from the firm after a few- 
years, Heniy retired soon afterward, Imt Andrew J. continued in the 
business until his death in 1868. Bi-ewer Bros, also hegan making 
wagons aboul 1he same time ns the Buels and carried mi a successful 
business for some years. Michael T>aiT\', a native of ('ounty Kerry, 
Ireland, came to Valpar'aiso about LS(i:') and formed a pai-tne)'shi]i 
with his brother 'IMiomas soon aflei' his anival for the pnijiose of making 
carriages and wagons. In .lanuary, 188S, they removed (heir factory 
into the old woolen mill Imilding and began ojieralio!! ■ on a largei- 
scale. In May. 1887, AViniam F. Sponie-'i- acquired an iolerest in 1h<' 
faetoiy, whiili then oceii]iied al>out l^vo acres of ground and three 

A i(>:) ii.. . .1 li ■•hi V-' 

( ■, -..iff ',(, :-. Ii. hiir. hf)i\ I 

r-. ,/.! ->(|. >^i,t- ■!■.!)•!■'!.. t.l'l.l'-. >, 

-1..; ■ m!/; .■.-■•■■ 

If ,' ;■(,/■>- 

1,1 :;ji'it 

.,,•.,,•!" I .;|)'V,(J xdl (divr 

, i, .. , . :iMi; ' ■ "-.ivut:.. 

,,ri n ; ■ M" ■■•!» 'I'li 

■.f. Ill .illfW 

iM ,; , '( ll ■!!(// , .■'<V.k1 


buildings located between the Pittsbuvgli, FoT-t Waj'ue & Ciiieago and 
the New York, Chicago & St. Louis railroads. The monthly pay roll 
at this time amounted to about $1,000. A Hew years later the partner- 
ship between Barry and Spooner wa.s dissolved, tlie forincr going to 
some place in Illinois, and the works were discontinued. 

John Sayloi- opened the first biickj'ai-d at Valparaiso, but tlie exact 
date when he began making brick cannot be learned. Others who liave 
engaged in that line oT business were Charles Briggs, Dickover & \Veaver, 
Moses Prazier, Chartier & Dumas, A. W. Lytle, and the Durands. In 
February, 1897, W. C. Goodwin, representing a Chicago brickyard syndi- 
cate visited Valpai-aiso and announced that he had secured an option 
on forty acres of land lying near the Pittsburgh, Port Wayne & Chicago 
railroad, one and a half miles west of the city, whei-e he expected to 
have a brickyard in operation ^vithin six mouths, with a dail>' capacity 
of from 50,000 to 75,000 brick. A test of the claj' showed that it was 
suitable for making first brick, and the yard never was established. 
In fact that has been one of the drawbacks in the manufacture of good 
brick in the immediate vicinity of the city of Valparaiso. 

A. Kellogg & Sons started a foundry' and machine shop at a compara- 
tively early date, and in 1857 began the manufacture of furniture in 
connection therewith. The next year Daniel White and one of the Kel- 
loggs established a planuig mill. In 18G4 White built a sash, door and 
blind factory on the coi-ner of Main and Monroe streets. This factory 
changed hands several times during the next few years, I)eing owaied 
successively by Wasser & Vastbinder, Alonzo Smith, A. Freeman and 
John D. Wilson. The largest planing inill in the city in 1912 was that 
of the Poster Lumber & Coal Company. 

The Valparaiso Woolen Mill Company was organized in 186G, with 
a capital of $60,000. Among the stoekholdei-s were George, William 
and Julia A. Powell, H. R. Skinner and A. V. Bartholomew. The com- 
pany began the manufai^tui'o of knitting yarns, jeans, liannels and 
blankets in 1867, but owing to the high prices that prevailed at the 
close of the war and the subsequent constant decline, the woolen mill 

>I •„:!ii"'" r 

V i :..I0 J ...'' !';'0'f ••^■1 Y^iu'i'HTlT 
■(',11.', r'i»'''i ,iljcurij;i^^i'l ul iiT.rwt'-!i< J'jJj,"ii! 

1 ■ 'V .■ !)EO'l.l!t ail 0-1 .J^- J Ot:.(;orf3 ,•[-... 1 

: ■.;!;./ "•a / "(X).I^ ii o I,- ■ f ■- 

. .! , . 1 ' ■•.'.Mill ■ill.V J J.. jlUi^' ,'."■: 

ji; ■ i .:■.' ■..:'■ ' ■ •; I !•■ ■ ■■ • ; . 'Ml n! 'M,i; 

'.:,.; Ti; ■-'■::■. H ■;!■. 

^.v' '.-ji. 

i' Jin - -•,;i-n;,: ,, ;.v!3i!.\Mc- 

V :'t (•! ■!.;iir',r, ji.,, '.)■:■ I i(i ijoiliu.! I 

I '■ i;: li, ■-'■!, rir ■■') f'Ti: •■;// Mit to fi:'-}-- 


was not a jn'ofitable venture. After a few years the Powells bought nii all 
the stoek and after nmniny the mill for awliile closed doAvn imtil times 
should grow better. In 1872 a pin faetory w-as started in place of the 
woolen mill and run for about three years, when it was removed to 
Detroit. In 1876 new machinery was placed in the woolen mill and tiie 
manufacture of yarns was again commenced. In j8S1 knitting ma- 
chines were installed and the manufacture of hosiery was introduced. 
For a time the compaiiy iised about 500,000 pounds of wool annually 
and had a jnonthly paj' roll of .$3,700. Unable to compete with i]w- 
woolen mills located in larger manufacturing centere, with better fa- 
cilities for shipi)ing and in closer touch with the great markets, liie 
Valparaiso mill finally succumbed to the inevitable. 

In 18G7 Don A. alyer built a paper mill at the crossing of Wash- 
ington street and the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & C'hicago railroad. 
About $20,000 capital was invested in the entei-prise and the montlily 
pay roll was about $550. The product of the mill chiefly straw 
wrappers, some 1,000 tons of straw being annually used as raw material, 
producing from 700 to 800 tons of paper. When thi^ straw-board fac- 
tories formed a combination, Mr. Salyer's mill was jnirchased by the 
trust and later was dismantled. Thus ended anolher Valparaiso 

Charles H. Parker, Sr., began the manufacture of varnishes, paint 
dryers, Japans, black iron enamels and paint specialties in 1871. His 
first place of business was located near the tracks oi' the New York, 
Chicago & St. Louis (Nickel Plate) railroad, about a tn .irter of a mile 
west of the present I\Iica AVorks. On June 18, 1889, bis factory there 
was destroyed bj' fire, though the safe, books and a few other articles 
were saved. The hose company and the hook and ladder company re- 
sponded, but the nearest hydrant was so far away tl:-! the hose Ava."-' 
too short to reach from it to the faetory. Owing to the nature of the 
business it was impossible to secure insurance and the loss of $12,000 
fell entirelj' upon Mr. Parker. Undaunted by the disa.s! r, however, he 
immediately made plans for rebuilding, but located on the side of 

TiAMw'J iillTiU/i -l 


Mi: pi 

'ijni! iv<-:l' !'•;'•!" -ti''^"-''^'' 


jta.-.f. ) ■^'''''■" 

,.l yiv 


1, , '.■- 

„, ■ ' .-u- i-i'.V. .£<.-{•■'•'•. 
■ :■ '■,ri' 'J. >i: ■ '■ . 

., , , .-v.-k-u'i ■•■■■ iwq" ■•:'•■ 


the city, not far from tlie Graud Trunk station. Sul)sr(}i]ei)tly his three 
sons became associated mth him, and in ]^;9^^ Iht Imsini'ss was incorpo- 
rated In 1912 the officers were Charles If. rarki'i, Sf., president and 
treasurer; ]M. F. I'arker, general mauagoi- and sccictary; Charles H. 
I'arker, Jr., superintendent, and E. i\I. i'arlsiT, mi'is manager. The 
business of the company has shown a steady iiua'ci'-r ever since the in- 
corporation and it has become one of the largest piNuliiii'rs of asphaltum 
blocks in the United States. 

At various times efforts have been made by llie calcrprising busi- 
ness men of Valparaiso to secure the location of new' manufacturing 
concerns in that city. At a meeting held on April 2, 188!), it was an- 
nounced that $3,590 had been subscribed to a. fund v,-hich was to be 
offered as a bonus for the location of a pump faetifrx- by some pei-sons 
in the citj' of- Chicago. The following evening an'>ti: ■: meeting was held 
and it was then reported that all but $300 of the )TM]uirod amount had 
been subscribed. A tentative organization was ctTccted and tlie 
directors were instructed to notify the Cliicji.oo parties lo get their 
raachineiy, etc., but the promoters evidently had cliangcd their minds 
and the factory was never established in Valparaiso. A month or so 
after this Charles H. Bluhm, of Michigan City, wj-ote to the mayor of 
Valparaiso making inquiries as to the prospects foi- the oi-ganization of 
a company to manufacture refrigerators. ITis ]'lan for the formation 
of the company did not meet with the aproval of the Valjiai-aiso people 
and the company was not organized. 

In 1892 two brothers named Dulaney came from Canlou, Ohio, with 
a newly invented electric clock, which tlioy ])rop!ised io manufacture 
and sell outinght, instead of leasing them as awt: done by tlie Western 
Union Telegraph Company. A stock company \viis ['ovuied, most of the 
stock being sold in Valj^araiso and Chicago, a bnildoig was leased from 
Benajah "Williams, machinery was installed and the faelory started. 
About a month after it was opened a shei-iff fi-om Oi:io apj)cored on the 
scene and attached the machinery to satisfy tin- cianns of some of the 
Dulaney's creditors in that slate. Benajali WiHi.-Miis and d. IT. McGill 

■cin .0 i Tf f-.i. I ■-,•)> i ) I 

r.. V.,; ■( 

AK .:i ,.' 

i-..'if!'f')ffrr,, ,.Ti 

.■^,'. V ;,, 

!,i ^-JS'J/ ); i 

•on: /.. 

■^'••,T' 1' 


.H !■=''■ 
raised enough money to satisfy iho slierillE. Shortly after this "Wiliaiii.-j 

sold tile haildiug to Ihf Didiineys for $27,500, taldug a mortgage for 
$10,000, stoek in the cnmpany to the amount of $15,000 (said to be wortli 
$C0,000 at par), and allowing llie purchasers to assume a morlgage 
indebtedness of $2,500. A few months later he sold the stock back to 
tliem for $15,000, receiving $7,5! i in cash and the remainder in prom- 
issory notes. Not long after this deal was made Williams resigned the 
presidency of the company and foreclosed the mortgage on the build- 
ing, though he permitted the Dulaneys to remove the luachinery. ]\Ir. 
Williams was indicted by the grand jury upon the complaint of so)uo 
of the stockholders, but he was released by the court, ^vhich ordered a 
receiver' appointed and released certain Valparaiso people from liability. 
This was the end of an industry that was accompanied by disusfer 
from till' start. All tlic stocklioldcivs ever got out of it was a valuable 

In 189f) word was received in \^alparaiso that the Chicago Mica 
Company and the Chicago Wheel Company were desii'ous of securing a lo- 
cation souKivhere outside of that lify. A committee of citizens went to Chi- 
cago and persuaded Mr. Snyder. ]))■' sident of the Mica Company, to visit 
Valparaiso and look over the ^j.^und. The woolen mill building wa.s 
pronounced by him to be the only one suitable for his purpose, and it 
was ^hen learned that another Chicago concern had an option on the 
building, which belonged to E. M. Hutchinson and Senator Culbert, of 
Llichigan City. This delayed matters for a short time, but on October 
25, 1899, Mr. Hutchinson and ilr. Snyder met in Valparaiso and reached 
an undei-standing ^^hiell three days later resulted in a deal by which tlie 
building passed into the hands of the company. On February 28, ]900, 
the city council, upon a petition signed b.y 174 taxpayers, by a vote of 
five to three, donated $5,000 to the company and ordered the city clerk 
to draw a warrant for that amount. The Mica Comi)any is Valparaiso's 
largest manufacturing industi'y. According to a statement of the State 
Bui-eau of Inspection, seventy-tivc people are employ I'd. The mica 
bond insulators manufactured by this company are shipped to every 

.; . , , !:i;ui:v7 ;.!,A,U "ft'/ l>:>\' »■'''■ 

■ „r.'! ,v..,,.,i,i > ..:■ ■■: 

rJ^vnH ,M^'-: -:'.. -"-\ i''^^'"- 

/ I'i ' 

.. /■.'■[•'•■■ > 

,,: v.lM" '■' ;>-.:,,:'.- -■"' '1--' CJ ''■■■If 

yi l-;(I'..;; m!! i 'if !■:;'■ '!n ^ni ia<)V0'-i 
,, , ,., ,;--,m-,.-:m . t.. UB-'-' •■•'■• 

■, ' •, ,.',■,;■; I, ■..:.; ..;.^i;;iwf.fii I'li'i':! 

HIS'iHtliV OP PORTEl; CntrxTY 


cotiuliy on tlie globt ,, .'.ere elcctrittr i; ii ;( d fi r power or ligliting 

Powers, Iligley & Conip.iny began tl ( iiiaaa'acUire of desks and 
educational specialties in 1887. In the sp'iii.u dI' 100" their faetorj' was 
reitioved to Valparaiso <ind located in Mie. ;i,!'!i;'.iii Iniown as {''i,mi- 
t.'uiqua Park, thi'ough the influence of tin \'alii;n-.;; .; Land and Dev I p- 
inent Company, which was organized in 'KiO '' ; 'a-m was sncceedod 
by the Chautauqua Manufacturing Cou;paiiy, ni Icist in name. Among 
the articles turned out by this concern ai'e tli*^ t'lian|-auqua art desk, tlie 

cluillenge safety swing, loose leaf eatvil.iugi- 
post card albums, nature study scliool fhartp. 

In 1905 James II. MeGill, founder .- ' the 
tern and president of llie local telepli'.ine ct 
facture of ele'ctrical specialties in the build ii 
tlie Kellogg foundrj' .uid machine slu>;) on W 
the Pennsylvania railroad station. C'lly a 1 
employed, but the business has grown ;in1il ^l 
sar3' to enlarge the building, and in 1:m.j fix '^ 
reported fifty-two people engaged in I.,.'. facJ!; 

C. 0. Hilstrom began the manufarH -e of '■■. 
In 1880 he i-em^ved his factory to ( "in/.-^terlftn 
larged his plant .so as to give employ nicnt fe 
eight organs daily. In 1899 a strike laiion; i 
Chicago factories led tlie Russell-La.. Co.n; 
of their Avork to Mr. Hilstrom 's buihliiiji' in ''h 
Porter county liad foi- a time a piaiiu raeii... 
liegan the uianufaetiir.' of a new eabii:et dri.: 
lished at Port. Wortli, Texas, and foi- ;■ few y. .c 
perous business. Alter Mr. Ililslr .'s (' 
closed down and in 1912 the buildinus wn.- ,i 

In 1890 the llydi-aulic-Pres.s ' .: I; C 
|)lant at Porter. Oji October 21, 1: :, lli , 
witli the exeeptioD if tlie liarns, el, sluil; 


photogi-aph and 

:■':■ i'aiso telephone sys- 
<y, began the nianu- 

I'.vrmerly occupied by 
ri fndiana avenue near 
V '..ersons were at first 

.'•I.Oill found it noces- 
:■■- ISareau of Inspection 

in Chicago in 1869. 

i. four j'ears later en- 

iii.y men and turn out 

[liano workers in the 

10 remove a portion 
- iton, and in this way 

11 1906 Mr. Hilstrom 
A In-aneh "was e.stab- 

ihc concern did a pros- 
•le organ worlcs were 
i.'ling vacant. 

established a large 

'. \.as destroyed by fire, 

■ome minor buildings, 

Sii-..!.(y.I ■u\ -lOV.-Ot 1,1 i,vt/ -i- ^.Jiit;,|., •,■!>, 

'f .11 J.'>«i •,, I ,-f(iu 

-"(■'". ^v;i( •,;l.t ildr^f ,,T 

' '^l: ,,..•:.,, ,. , ,,(t rl 


the loss reaching $50,000. Pearly iu the spring of 1905 the plant was re- 
built, the buildings being made as nearly iire-pi'oof as possibh; and a 
fire engine was installed as a precautionary* measure against I'lirllii) 
disaster. This company made an exhibit at the World's C.iumlijau 
Exposition at Chicago in lSf)3 which advertised its business v.l\ 'n-n- 
the civilized world and brought in a large ntirnber of orders, la V.)V2 
the works at I'orter employed 90 men and were turning (uit .'tbi)iit 
75,000 brick daily. The pressed brick made by this concern are sub- 
jected to a pressure of 2,800 tons, which renders them almost as solid 
as marble. The company also makes a velour, or rough finished hvick, 
which is becoming quite popular, ajiil a paving brick which is cl;iiiiu:d 
to be the equal of any in tlie country. An electric lighting plant lias 
been added to the equipment, so that tlie works can be run boih niglil 
and day, and even then the company iu August, 1912, was behind with 
its orders. The value of the company's holdings at Porter, inciudiug 
real estate, is something like $200,000. The main offices of the company 
are in the Chamber of Commerce building in Chicago. 

In 1893 the Vienna Enamel Stamping Company, which had been 
established some years before at Porter, passed into the hands of a 
receiver. In August, 1900, J. T. Darling submitted a proposition *j:> ilie 
people of Porter that for a bonus of $10,000 and fifty building kits, he 
would purchase the i^roperty of the enameling comi^any and spend 
$20,000 in improvements to make it available for a glass works that 
would employ not less than 150 men. The Porter Land Company ofTerf d 
to convey 100 lots to those who subscribed to the $10,000 fund, and on May 
27, 1902, the following officers of the Chicago Flint & Line Glass > oin- 
pany were elected : Charles J. Bockius, of Marion, Indiana, president ; 
Louis. D. McCall, vice-president; W. S. Calder, secretary and treasurci'. 
The Porter Land Company gave $1,000 in cash and eiglity-fonr lots 
to secure the location of the works. On June 16, 1902, a heavy raiii 
flooded the ovens and three mouths were si)ent in pumping out tlic 
water. Other causes combined to delany the opening so that it ■■ as 
December 24th before the works actually began operations. Pinanci:illy 



;,,,,. .HI ...-n.x..a.ol:«.. 

.Jv i.I "IJV' 

. (1 ■ 

u : -I'u'; 

. ^;ti.;; ^'v 

.'1 ' 

. <■'[ 

„..rn ,-V^t:<Vl U. 

1 1^ ''"'^ ''^■'' 

•j/Uc; :4i 

1 y, il 


llic f^lass fjiclory was never a great suocoss. On January 1, 11)05, i'it- 
kiii & Brooks took a six moiilhs option on tlie property, but at the ex- 
piration of tbat period declined to close the option l)y purchase. Con- 
sequently, on July 1, 1905, the factory closed. In July, 1911, the works 
were dismantled, the stock and fixtures removed to Chicago, and a year 
later the inatter was in the courts for adjustment. A little later Pit- 
kiu & Brooks uuule overtures to the Valjiai'aiso Co)iimercial Cluh, offer- 
ing to locate their factory in that city upon assurance of a bonus of 
$8,000. Tliis sum was raised by tlie progressive citizens of Valparaiso, 
and a.t this writing — August 14, 1!)12 — a new building is well under 
way near the Joliet road bridge in Chautauqua Park addition. 

Some years ago a merchant at Tlu'ec Oaks, Michigan, realizing that 
\vhalebo)ie was every year liecoming scarcer, set to work to discover 
a substitute.. After a number of ex}ierimcnts he found the most suitable 
jnaterial in the quills of the wing and tail featbei's of the common 
turkey. lie perfected his invention and placed upon the inai'ket the 
product known as "Featherbone." About 1897 a branch of the "Warren 
Featherbonc Company was established at Porter, the main works being 
at Three Oaks, j\Iiehigau. All parts of the feathers were utilized, the 
(juills forming the substitute for whalebone and the vanes or vexilla 
being used to make materials for upholstering, pillows, cushions, etc. 
The Porter branch was in operation but a few years. In January, 1905, 
the property passed into the hands of the Sail Mountain Asbestos Com- 
pany, manufacturers of rubber and mica roofiing, fire-proofing materials. 
This concern in 1912 was the largest maunfacturing establishment in 
Porter county in point of the number of people employed, 105 persons 
being reported to the State Bureau of Inspection. 

For the past twenty-five years J. L. Coovert has been engaged in the 
manufacture of drain tile at Valparaiso, his factory being located be- 
tween Washington and Lafayette streets near the Grand Truidc rail- 
road. ITis output has been about 200,000 i>ieces of tile annually. In 
recent yeai-s be has turned his attention to the maniifacture of a con- 
crete tile. The report of the State Bui'cau of Statistics for 1910 also 

-tr'I ,(",()'.:■ ,r f. la.iu. ' if • 

:'.:> ••d) t;. \'.lli ,Yf I- 

T(r .h'lItii.Mj; 


K i)Vn r-|;>')f 

- ;. .,.'11' 
"k(!. Mil ii; 

.i'>''l " >-•■! if'/, 11^ 

•• ' iM,.,il ..•,•, , , I,';', ■.,,1',,.,. , 

■' ■ -: •.•.-■■• ■ ■■■■■: :..-h]/. '■ .,;i;. 
■ ' - ..■•' ■! ,.1/ -ni./r .,. ..■.,.i^i(.;,-!.i, „ •. 

■:■■ ->-■■■ :.■,.';.:'; . I; ',1 .-!i,-.; 11/. , 

' ■ ''■■""' -"■■ ■'' 1 ■■ '.-■'• ' :.'■;- ■' ■! -;i;- i;.,, :.hwi( (.■: . 

'■' '■' i-i- ■-■■■■'■■. :i')i ,' ):;' .lr..;h/i',.;.> m, .,u.,f ,\;r^vl 'l-jf: 
'■■■o^A r/v, .■.■.,(.: :;:,-'; ,/! , , ,<!. ,.;,.- ■ ,( ,.,, , ;, , 

f.s-v '■( :■■■;■.( crA 'v,v,..,'l ; .;. ,.,,;,. ,,: ...;.,,,, ;,.,,., 
;.'■"' :'.-■■; -K.^.J-; ■■■! ',,,.,.,fu. / , .,',; , .;,.,!. -i.. 

.'■'; ■■:"■. •• -[I (,;- : y, ,■■'.■< ■,]' ,,,i\ I 
■'•■•■"If ■•':' ':• -li'i ''• •>. ■•'•!'. \l\,-h 1, ■,..; 

"''' ■■'■ti'-'' '■'■<■ : i; : i r.." .■.,;!f. .-.:,l ;.M, •-( >•;;[ ..;1 3',,,j,. 


lIJSTOin' (•' "'.[(TKIJ COUNTY 

iter and llebi'ou. lu the wiiilcr ol! 

• 1 ill Porter. It manufactures what 

for use in automobile construction 

nj.', industries oi" t.lie county are 
lii'liion and Porter; sawmills, cigar 

mentions brick and til>. mills tit .1 
1011-12 a lock-nut factory wa< <im ■ 
its name suggests — a lricl<-uut i)l 
and certain lines of railroial w( ik 
Among the minor manut;i' : 
several harness shops ;it Yalpa; 
factories, creameries and ice crcii^i Jactui-ics, etc. Most of these concci'ns 
are small, some having a capitid oi but a few hundred dollars, but all 
appear to be doing well. I?ei(l. ;\iui-doclj & Company have a dei)ot at 
Porter where thousands of cucuiif' • ■> arc gathered for shipment for the 
)nain works at Hammond. Tiui^ :..<■ industries of Porter county' iiave 
been prosperous in I'ecent yeais !; i.IriKed by the fact that from 1870 
1o iniO the per capita wealth iii' ; ■. - :! from ^;!76 to over .$700, and Ibis 
despite the fact that sevei-al coi.-H>'»;"Jt's ffiiled during that period. In 
1870 there was one company doii'i'; bi.!«incs.s in the county that was in- 
corporated with a capital of .^I i,<' <ii or over. Thii'ty years later the 
number of such corporations ha 1 ."-reascd 1o fifty-seven. Truly, this 
is not a bad record.' 


-LIT,; (1 

(l';.;I ll!f>--". 

I ,. (. 

r t-" K 

..i! (>t<U ot 








In the sottlemout of a new country, llie do(/1oi- is usually I'.i. first pro- 
fessional niau to appear upon the scene. Realizing llie fan hat condi- 
tions upon the frontier are not always conducive to lieallli, imd that the 
sparse population there is far away from centers of eiviliy-iiion whence 
medical aid can be obtained, the pioneer physician ofti ii ui.-iLi s sacrifices 
to serve his fellow men and aid them in heroic elTorts li> 'Xtend the 
margin of civilization into hitherto unknown la mis. '^rrui', lir is actuated 
by motives of private gain, to some extent at least, but ^^■ll' n the lot of 
the country doctor in a new settlement is cousidnx-d in all it^, aspects, it 
is anything but inviting. Settlers are scatteivd over a Invge extent of 
territory; roads are bad, and frequently there aiv j]o v(!;uls. at all; drugs 
and medicines are hard to oljtain ; money i^; si-aj'cc; (.-alls must be 
answered, day or night, rain or shine, if the diuMor is ti; ;..aiutaiu his 

;/. iL^m. 


' I- .. '..i-i; 'A ■ I.,,- ."•:■;•.,,.; i/n-na 

■■' •■ -'■:■;-!: -lo -,,;■;;; ,; :,• 

•■■0 -uljrii-^-.-i rt ■ _: -/:iO;"V- 
'"" •;• r,l-- (i;,t-,;i : . , :;' -i ./ ;^i,> VTi'> — T)i 

''i ■; ;•:■■' ))MT ;•, > -.,-: : , ;, ,r v.i;i\:'.-^ 
--'...!-; ..J j: .' ,:fT,,.. , -/,. .(;ri'i i^, 

■■■' fii '•• '/'' :>li. ■;rii; :. ^ i. ,, 

■ •'^■"' '"'^ ■,11'....-; .-,,;• u: t.M 

■i-'ll) 7(.]i;':ir,.:j-'. '.■■: J.,,, I ,^, 

240 lli-^i'OKA' OP POKTEJ{ COUNTY 

prestig-n in the comr.inily, and even then they come but seldom, owing i'.) 
the sjiarseuess of U e lopulation. For years he may struggle along, 
living a sort of liai I '-month existence, -waiting for other settlers to 
come in before his pi n ice can be really estaliUshed upon a paj'ing basis. 
Notwithstanding all tli's, the physician is always to be found among the 

One of the first ph.\ su-ians to locate in Porter county was Dr. SeiiCca 
Ball. He was born in Warren county, Ohio, August 1^, 1798 ; received 
his preliminary education in the little log school house of that day; at- 
tended a graded school at Waynesville, Ohio, and then began the study 
of medicine bj'' himself. Liiler he. read under Dr. William "Bunnell, at 
Washington, Indiana, i.'tid llieu began practice. After following his 
profession for a short iiine he, engaged in merchandising at Lafayette 
with his brother, and hn^'v at Laporte. Late in the year 1836 ho eame to 
Valparaiso and shortly aL'ler that date resumed his pi'actice, which lie 
followed until old age ■■iii()elied him to desist. He also served as justice 
of the peace, probate ,i'iu;;e, and representative in the state legislature. 
His death occui-red on < ielober 4, 1875. 

Dr. Cornelius Blachly eame to Porter county in 1838 and continm d 
to practice medicine in ilii comity for more than forty years. He bought 
the old Gosset Mill in I.iIm . ly township in 1869, which his sous continucil 
to run for years after hi.s ■■•atji in 1876. Dr. Blachly was one of the best 
knowii physicians in the viuntj in his day. 

In 1844 Dr. Luther ^Ntkins came to Porter county, though at that 
time he had not yet recci\ed his diploma to practice medicine. He was 
born in Massachusetts in August, 1819. Subsequently his parents re- 
moved to Ashtabula courit.w Ohio, where he acquired his general educa- 
tion, and after coming to I'orter county he began the study of medicine. 
He began practice in 1847, but did not gi-aduate from any college until 
1866, when he received th< 'i'greo of M D. from a school in Philadelphia. 
In 1880 he located at Koul. -^luTe he opened a drug store which he con- 
ducted in connection with liis praetiee until his death. 

One' of the well knowJi piuiieer doctors of Porter county was Levi A. 

,,,..1..f,a... ■'.:.<!! i<-rf» .'•"■• f'^'" '•<'■■" 

m lo '" 

■T t 

lo' .■<.«'•> "■"-' ''^ r-'r...; 

,;, S^ol Mlii'.' '-"' 

;,,■;. y.i -i^i 

-.11; .W Bli' 1 

.'., ■'.■:{ 


Cass, who was 1 iirn in Wajiie county, Ohio, July 9, 1819. At the age 
of fourteen years he cutered Oberliu College, where he studied for some 
time and then read mediciue with his father, Levi A. Cass, Sr. In 1840 
he came to Porter county and commenced the practice of his profession, 
but after a short time went to Laporte, where lie completed his profes- 
sional education under Dr. ilcaker. He represented Porter county in the 
state legislature, Avas one of the organizers of the First Natioual Bank 
at Valparaiso, and was otliei-wise identified Avitli the affairs of the county. 

Among the early physicians in the southern part of the county, prob- 
ably none is so well remembered a,s Di-. Jolm K. lilaclvstone, who prac- 
ticed medicine at Hebron for half a century. He was bom in Ohio in 
1817; attended the Ohio State University; served as second lieutenant in 
the Second Ohio infantry in the Mexican M'ar; then read medicine and 
graduated at. Cleveland Jledical College in 1848. Shortly after that 
he located at Hebron, where he continued to practice his profession 
until his deatli on January 28, 1898. Dr. Blackstone was an archae- 
ologist of some ability, and at one time had in possession an interesting 
collection of Indian and mound-builders' relics. 

Another early Porter county physician was Dr. Erasmu.s J. Jones, 
who was born in Ohio in 1814. In 1840 he entered Jefferson Medical 
College at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and in 1846 began practice with 
his brother-in-law, Dr. J. G. Kyle, in Ohio. In 1851 he started for Iowa, 
but upon reaching Porter county some of the members of his family be- 
came ill and he stopped in the "Gosset Settlement," where he remained 
until 1859. He then removed to Chesterton and practiced there and at 
Porter iintil liis death. He was also engaged in the drug business for a 
while at Chesterton. Dr. Jones served as county clerk for two terms. 

In 1853 Dr. J. H. Letherman located in Valparaiso. He was a native 
of Pennsylvania, where he was born in March, 1819; studied under his 
father ; attended the Jefferson College for four years, and graduated in 
the College of Physicians and Surseous at Keokuk, Iowa, in 1844. He 
began practice in Pennsylvania, but soon removed to Des Monies, Iowa, 
and practiced there until November, 1853, when he came to Valparaiso 


ft ' lo;.,. ,• 

;, !,l -,- 

■".'■ M -fof 1 •,fr,ot:; nil j,.):f-„ ,.jjt.;if ,•) .trr-r..(() " 

. ■■■' ■'."iv: f y.iil Li ■^Tliij-.rr r,,) 

'^'^'^' ' : ■■'-- h:l-!\.l,ur: ■,:• -n r\,. ,,,„,,,, , , ,, 

■''• '• ■'•■•'. ■ :'V"j I, -,;;.. .g^-i ,.,- .,j; ;.,.',,;,' ,, I .f..|,,,,, ,,;, . 
■I ■ -I '■>;. orf.i '1(1 Jn;.! If. 

'- "( *-' '->"rf •^•-'' "i'^! '/^ !.'.■: . -.iilitii: iv.H.^' 
"■•-■•' ^'s ■(•'>.. ■'-..I. :;-rr .. ;, Mrul.f,] :i,-, 

-' .-;:;■;,: !w :.:-. y.i (lt^r ;fi; | !:■; .,, , ; 


242 HISTOivi OF r(ji;VER COUNTV ' • 

aa above stated. In 1871 he admitted 1o partnership his son, Dr. Andrew 
P. Lethei'inan, who is stUl practicing in Valparaiso. Dr. J. H. Lether- 
man served for twelve yoar.s as county coroner. He died on March 22, 


On June 12, 1812, Dr. J. M. Goodwill was born in Tompkins county, 
i\ew York, \vhere his ancestors were among the pioneers, his grand- 
father having served as a commissary in the Continental army during the 
Revolutionary war. In 18.'j6 be graduated at the Geneva Medical Col- 
lege; practiced in New York and Illinois until 185G, when lie located 
in Porter couuty. Here lie remaijied until his ileath, and during the 
Civil war he gave his profe.'^sional services free to members of soldiers' 
families. He .served as justice of the peace for many years in Pine 
township, where he rcsid(;d. 

Dr. Hiram Green, who in bis day was one of the iirominent physi- 
cians of Chesterton, was born on July 19, 1829, in Oneida county, New 
York. In ISoS his parents removed to Ohio and at the age of twelve 
years Hiram entered a normal school, having saved twenty-eight dol- 
lars as the }'esult of four months' work to pay his expenses. Two years 
later he begnn the study i.f medicine with his brother at New Lisbon, 
Ohio. At the age of twenty he went to Birmingham — opposite Pitts- 
Imrgh, Pennsylvania — where a cholera epidemic was raging, and was 
fortunJite enough to succeed to the practice of a physician who was com- 
pelled to leave the town. From that time until the discovery of gold in 
California be practiced in various places. A company bound for the gold 
fields offered liim inducements to join the movement as a physician and he 
started for the Pacific coast. At Michig;in City, Indiana, he fell ill and 
did not fully veg'ain his health for two years. After practicing for four 
years at Gossct 's Mill, he liH-ated at Cbeslerton. During llie Civil war lie 
served as lieul.uant, captMi ; and assislnisl surgeon. lie tlnu pi-actieed at 
Wheeler for about three years, when be returned to ('"hesterton and 
opened a druL;- store, contiiming the lu'-'i-'tice of medicine in conneclien 
wdlh the drug Imsiness. lie .served as trustee of Westchester townsbiji; 
was a member of the board of pension examiners, and was a Knight 

■ If, 7 ij 

.■,y ;m-.'A id ,«'■>■■■ Hi- «I '''•■■ -■■' ■ ' 

,„ ,;,„;.„. .,vr :r., [ji.;-, . .-'-.'b :. .." .. .I. ..-,... '-^'l 

s,.,,. ,.; .,,;;•, !;.'i:-^: 't'l v-i' ■'•■1^1 ■")(!! X!'!"-" '■'"■"'. ■■'"•- ■-'■■'.''■ ^ 
, . .,„, . ,, ,;,;.,.■ ;, .-,1. ,■■. I v|, h-:>rvy'. >'l ;;v'iii«,i'i - 

.. ..iii.jC'H! Ii> iy.<>"'i •nil '^' ■'■ 

HISTORY OF roT;'r[<:K goUxM-i'y 243 

Templar Mason. Fe died at Cluistn-ton on Januarj o, 1901. As a mark 
oi' I'l.spect the public bclujols ano ■( dismissed at iw ojj and the business 
lioiises were closed from nocni 'i.itil four o'clocl; on the day of the 

Wlicn Dr. Hayes C. Coates located at Valparaiso in 1866 he was forty 
years of age, having been born in i\Iaiiboro, Oliio, June 8, 1826. He be- 
<gan the study of meilieiue at an early age, atter<leil the Ameriejin Medi- 
cal College at Cincinnati, Ohio, and during the Civil war was a contract 
surgeon under the United States government at Cleveland, Ohio. In 
186i he graduated at tlie Western Kescrve Medical < 'olleg'u, of Cleveland, 
and two years iatei- came to Valpjuaiso, where he remained in active prac- 
tice until a shoi't time before lii'-; death on Oetoher G, 1894. For a num- 
ber of years he was the resident siirgeon for the Jiitsburgh, Fort Wayne 
& Cliicago Railroad Company, and he also served as county pliy.sician. 

Dr. Heijj-y M. J^ecr, son of I<e^-. Thomas Beer, was born in Wayne 
coimty, Ohio, March 20, 1838. iif received an academic education and 
upon attaining his majority began the stiidy of medicine under Dr. P. 11. 
Clark. During the Civil war ho served as assistajit surgeon in the Twen- 
ty-third Oliio infantry. After ilie close of the war he practiced in Mary- 
laud and Oliio, meantime atter.ijjeg' medical college at Cleveland, where 
he was gradufited in 1868. Immediately upon receiving his degree. Dr. 
Beer came to Valparaiso, and from that time \intil the spring of 1903 
was never absent from his practice for more than a day or two at a time. 
On May 17, 1903, he went to Cliicago, where be had a sui'gieal operation 
performed, and died on the 261 h. 

Dr. W. C. Paramore was born at Barlestono, l^cicestershire, England, 
April 14, 1809. He was educated in his native country and practiced 
there before coming to America. In the spring of 1855 he catae to Porter 
county and eontiniied in practi 'c t'lere until bis death on IMareh 15, 1882. 
Tw6 years before he came to the county. Dr. Henry J. Ellis located at 
^Vliecler. After many years of successful prndice he died in 1886. Dr. 
Marr aaid Dr. liforicle were among the pioneec doctors in tlie northern 
part of the county. The former brought on a partial paralysis by riding 

/.•fj;i5>-. ■;.!') 

•• ■•h ?■/ 

I <..•■)! 


:.l \. -/ 

;i ■'•0l-)'( r'.fn/J 

^ V.I ..•■:" ■^.:'li.; 


in a gig wliile visitiii;^ his patients, and the latter gave uj) his pi-actice to 
engage in the real estate Imsiness, whieh he followed for several years 
prior to his death. 

Dr. L'Mauder Le^v'is, the sou of a Revolutionary soldier who fouylit 
with Ethan Allen at Ticondcroga, came to- Porter county in 1849. He 
had previously studied medicine at Cincinnati, Ohio, and had been as- 
sociated with General William Henry Harrison in bringing the Ohio val- 
ley under the influence of civilization. He married Mary Dodge in 
Hamilton coimty, Ohio, May 2D, 1823, and after coming to Porter county 
continued to practice his i)r()i'ession until a short time before hi,^ deaUi, 
which occurred on September 3, 1880. 

The first homeopathic pliysician to locate in tlie county was probably 
Dr. Kendall. Dr. M. V. Sayles studied under him in 18C4, and after- 
ward attended the Hahnemann Medical College at Chicago. Dr. Sayles 
later located in Hebron, where be practiced until 1876, when he removed 
to Valparaiso and there resided until his death. Dr. "W". 0. Catron was 
another early homeopatliie physician. At the present time there are 
but two known physicians of that school in the county — Dr. George R. 
Douglas, of Valparaiso, and Dr. E. A. Edmunds, of Hebron. 

Other early or eminent physicians who •were engaged in practice in 
Porter county at some period of her history, were Drs. Robbins, Kersey, 
Salisbui'>' and Hankinsoii, who came so far back and who have been dead 
so long that little can ho. learned regarding them; Dr. J. V. Herriott, a 
Pennsylvanian, first presideiil of the county medical society, who was 
paralj'zed for about two yea is before his death; R. A. Cameron and J. P. 
McCarthy, who were also ^vell known as soldiers and newspaper men; 
W. A. Yohn, a veteran practitioner of Hebron; Dr. Orpheus Everts, 
who was at one time superintendent of the Indiana a.sylum for the insane 
at Indianapolis; Dr.Gcorge 11. ]»iley, associated with Dr. Green at Ches- 
terton; Dr. George W. Arnold, wlio located at Wheeler in 1871; and Dr. 
Oliver S. Wood, a native of Lal^e county, who practiced for several years 
at Hebron. 

The names of twenty-five ])liysieians appear in the last issue of tlie 

■ ..MO .111' '^i.f.;i;r'i<J fi" 'Ki?;TjKi' 

r,.-,.( ,11 (;l ' 

, .MVi: ,i run i^ "i r-',;i..j '..i ' 
/■ ,. ■ :! .': i, ■■!,{ llU'M i'j' 

;.;-.;v.;.., i".!!! iO'. .x!, j'jir.'vl'i •. - '. i^' >!'i'^'' 
, .,,; .,. .-,}■ ;,; .',,!'>■ ti-;:U lo ,,';:;i'):-.v:i'! ■"' 

■ ,.' 1r:'^^ til i 


, , \[',r '■■!;. :n-/; '^fiw ,V,il. 

.;-i , /'! :•:■ .■> ■"■) ::'. ■ ;ii.. .'bl' V-' > '-•' '•■'■■'■• ''1 

1 I ..^^■^,,..^> Itj ; ;<!■ 

,.;, 1,. .;|1-;., -t;;fll -l!j .i^ ill'l^'r- 

;,'il(j ■ i/i' ■•.'..' I!'"'' f 'i'J 


County directory, to Wit: Valparai^^c— ]l. ]). J^loLuit, J. C. Carson, II. E. 
Gowland, G. Ji. Dou^'las, X. P. Lethen:i;in, L. E. Lewis, D. J. Loring, P. 
W. Mitclie]]; 0. JJ. Iscsbit, J. A. llvfin, G. H. Stoner, J. F. Take, E. H. 
Powell, S. J. Young; ChGnterton — H. Axe, Joseph voti Osinski, C. 
0. Wiltfong; HchroJi—C. E. Ferree, E. A. Kdiinuids, E. C. Rawsou, J. 
R. AVilsoD, R. P. Blood; Kovis—T. D. Nowlaud, G. P. Hockett; Porter — 
J. J. Theorell; Whcder—A. 0. Uobbiirs. 

The Porter County Jledical Society was organized on June 27, 1883, 
with thirteen ehartei- members and the foUowini: officers: Dr. J. V. Her- 
riott, president; Dr. J. P. McCarthy, vice-president; Dr. D. J. Loring* 
secretary; Dr. J. H. Letlierman, tJ'casurer; Drs. A. P. Letherinau, W. A. 
Yohn and J. C. Carson, censors. A constitution was adopted at tliat 
meeting, in which it was declared that the society should be "auxiliary 
to and under the control of the Indiana State Medical Society." The 
constitution also set forth that "The objects of this society shall be the 
advancement of medical knowledge; the elevation of professional char- 
acter; the protection of the intei-est of its members; the extension of the 
bounds of medical science; the promotion of all moans adopted for the re- 
lief of the sufiPeriug; to improve the health and protect tiic lives of the 
community." ' ■'!''''^ '■''■■ 

At one tiifie in its history the Porter County Medical Society had a 
permanent home in tlie shape of cIuIj rooms, which were always open, the 
object being to enable the doctor.s' of the county to become better ac- 
quainted in a social ;in ^\-ell as a professional way. Any regular physician 
of good moral cliaracici' and professional standing residing in tlie county 
was eligible for membership upon payment of a fee of two dollars, but 
even on these liberal terms, (piite a number of physicians in, the county 
have never joiued the society. In 1912 there wei'e but Jifteen active 
members. The officers at that time were; Dr. 0. B. NesLJt, president; 
Dr. A. P. Lethernian, vice-president; Dr. H. E. Gowland, secretary and 
treasurer, Drs. D. J. i coring, J. C. Cai-son and R. D. Blonnt, censors. Tlie 
regular meetings of tlie society are held ujuni the first Aionday in each 
month, when papers relating to .son->'^ phase of niedical pr;ie1ice are read 

,..1. YT/:U.' • /i^ 

.' ( yn'fi >A • i i. .-'tv/j I . 1 . ^ )i 

.11 ,'; ,..;!!;■' ■' .1 T-j.-'V^ ■) :, 

I. ,.,,_ ■ ,: : ■ , , 

<i .tv I. '..y. 

>ui,- ■ .1 

I ■; 

■ui /■.!/; 

-■■ l-K.I 



and discussed, cases in aetii; 1 ■njicticc of the members reviewed, and other 
features of the program -A i nd to increase ILo knowledge and elevate 
the cliaracter of the physici ii s ef the county. 

On April 2, 1901, the K.,,:];akee Valley Medical Society held ouc oC 
its regular meetings in Valp .'..iso, where the members were entertained 
by the resident physicians. This society is composed of the leading 
physicians of Cass, Pulton, A1 i-sliall, St. Jo.stph, Laporte, Lake, Porter, 
Jasper, Newton, White and <',|.',(ill counties. 

Pi-ior to 1891 Porter coniiiy had no hospital of any kind foi- the 
treatment of sojourners or iir, s iis w ho could not be properly treated at 
their homes. In that year Dv. 1). .1. Loring opened a private hospital or 
sanitarium on East Jeffei-soi: ,;i)''.t. ^'alparaiso, with accommodations I'oi- 
twelve patients. AVhile Dr. laming expected to receive some financial 
be^efit from the establishment of flii.s institution, he was actuated by tlie 
knowledge that there was nri 1 nf sucli a hospital to relieve human suffer- 
ing. In 1905 the Indiana It ^islatnre passed an act which made liberal 
provisions for tlie erection am! maintenance of a public hospital in each 
county of tlie state. On July 17. 1*I0.'), a meeting was held in the council 
chamber at Valparaiso for tL^ jiiir])Oso of forming a hospital association. 
William E. Pinney was elc;' ^l lu'esident, and Dr. H. M. Evans, secre- 
tary. A committee was also ni"i]>ointed at the same time to report a plan 
of action. This committee cniisisted of 0. P. Kiusey, Dr. R. D. Blount, 
George Dodge and Rev. L. AW Ajjplegatc. 

About this time, and li. ' r.. tlie association had taken any definite 
steps for the founding of a li!si)ilal, the Christian church at Valparaiso 
became interested in the sul)j>rl. Dr. Simon J. Young went to St. Loiiis 
to secure, if possible, the coiii" r-alion of tlie National Benevolent Associa- 
tion of that denomination. Tii' result was that an agent of the associa- 
tion, J. P. Davis, was sent t '■ .^Ijaraiso to louk over the field. He made 
a favorable' report and Dr. Young again went to St. Louis, this time with 
a proposition to purchase It ■ -^-ate liosjiifa; of Dr. Loring, which ■' : ^ 
for sale. F. R. Ayres and (' yi' L. Snivcly, two representatives of llu- 
association came to Valparai-' n Deennber, IPOG. and reported in faAor 

h ■ I- 1 

i ./'Liv H .il: ^.v ■ 'id' ':■' "'it ' ;'<■ ' i"i 


I,: .ii ,.•- . 

lie.'' • ' :.i ; I iioifi'.ioorit.i". 


of the purch^ise. The property was valued at .$13,000, of v liioh the 
church at Vali)araiso a'^i-'ied the payment of one-half and the central 
board the other half. In this -way the Christian Hospital and Ti-aining 
School for Nurses was called into existence. Since the institution passed 
into the hands of the church a number of new beds have been addrd. In 
1912 the oflicers of the hospital association were as follows: H. 15. Brown, 
president; Dr. S. J. Young, vice-president; E. W. Agar, secretary; N. R. 
McNeiee, treasurer; John B. Roessicr, manager; Mrs. Nora AVoodruff, 

An instance of the efticiency of the Porter county ii\edical profession 
was seen in the smallpox epidemic of 1899. On March 28, of that year," 
a man named Cooper came to Valparaiso as a student in the Valparaiso 
University. On Aj^ril 10th he developed a well defined case of smallijox. 
Other students contracted the disease and went to their lioiaes, thus 
spreading the infection before the true nature of the oi'igiual case was 
fully deternnned. The college authorities established a temporary 
hospital, in Avhich some twenty cases were ti'cated as chicl:en pox, the 
disease appearing only in a mild form. Newspapei's outsid" the county 
created some excitement by the publication of sensational jn'fieles, some 
of them clamoring for a general quarantine against the lily. About 
June 1, 1899,^mallpox made its appearance at several points in northern 
and central Indiana, and it was claimed that many of these cases were 
traceable to Valparaiso. On June 22nd Dr. A. W. Brayton, of Indian- 
apolis, came to Valparaiso as a representative of the state Ixiard of health 
to investigate the situation. County and city boards of hcaUh had been 
established some time; before this, and Dr. Brayton found their secre- 
taries — Dr. A. P. Letherman and Dr. H. M. Beer — ready and willing to 
assist him in every possible way to get at the truth. Several persons 
were found to be afflicted with smallpox and the three physicians selected 
a house at the corner of Union and Morgan streets to be used as a tempo- 
rary dcii'iition hospilnl. To this house, which became known as the 
"pink house," seven patients were taken on llie 2.3d ami j/! iced under 


'lii i! ill / 'uj ()'"-:) ;. ' 
iei.Ui\ , (I hi:,; ! i:. 

''■ifwiirT l;r. 

iri MnA V 


:>n ■' <■ [ 

HJ/' Ml) 

'■''■ ' ' ■ li ji: 

!'-^;v SM'. 


/ • 

'-i''^' : -'V'.: ,;.,ur; ^luO 

'■ ^I'Vf.V,. ;,,,_; j;tf ■,).;,, ,,,,1) 

11 ^.! 


■ f.-iu' ,j <T ^, 

J ,..,■.■.•1 

■'"■'' ■ ■■■ '■'■ ' '/Hf, aS ,:,t ;.., ;,.-; 

■''V /.,..;.,.' -;,(; „T 



<lLarantiav. On the 24tli i'le bo; h1 uI liealUi issui'd "Health Order No. 
1," which p^'a^i as folbw;: 

"We arc commaiued b • tlio ^): h- Board oi Health, today to ordci 
every citizen of Va!i>araioO vaieiuaied. Otherwise our city ^vill be 
quarantined by the 8(^ile l;(.avii < .;.-,iHh. Tb order must be strielly 
complied with ■within iin, n:\[ (wt'r;\> four Jiour,-. " 

The order was sigu^jd by A. E ^'''oodhull, inaTOr; Dr. A. P. Letber- 
man, secretary of the etyunty bo.'n-Ji . i' health; and Dr. H. M. Beer, secre- 
tary of tlie city board of heallli. l>r. J. N. Hurrv, secretary of the state 

})oavd of lioalth, upoji vr^K-l h]'^ 
the local boards of healiti in uinl:'. 
"all suspected pei'sous P 
be well remoA-ed fi'oin i 
dered the thorough dis; 
should be found. 
aid to the board of hi;.-il 
failure to report eases o 
fullest extent of the l:iv 
resolution "That in e;;- 
tagious or infectious '■ 
city shall have the am- 
siou of any proper b; j!- 
flicted with such diseii.M . 
be removed, .such afiflid 
act in such matter in ' 

Every physician iii : 
cooperate with the bo;;r. ! 
out all orders issuei,! 
were vaccinated free oi 
way the -epideiaic was ^' 

A history of the Bcju 
terially from that of a.. 

•jort of Di'. lirayton, sQut v.'ord to 
'use to house canvass and to remove 
e hospital, which must 
Dr. Hurty also or- 
l;. which such persons 
I promptly, and as an 
> der to the effect that 
'it "prosecution to the 
■Ity council adopted a 

■ currenee of any con- 
■ity, the mayor of the 
. occupy or take poses- 
separating persons af- 
io remove, or cause to 

provided the mayor 
! th the City Board of 

,'Sted a disposition lo 

■ nthorities in carrying 
irted, many pe^-son.s 

■i money, and in this 

V could not differ ma- 
Ihe state. The stid,e 

rnieci..' • 

■-ptive <li:>ef: 

■ •fJifv'. . ■ 


'.-ction ' ■ 

.■11 liouses 

'.lers V."' i . 

■ irnplied v. 

:!ie }i;.-; 

. issued ii.i 


i'scases me 

On ,i.. 

: . 29th th. 

f the pr- 

alence or 

^ in 11. 

<iU of f 

■ , if he ■■ 

lit, to h. 

^ for ! 1. 

j'lirpose s 

-1 slud; ;■ 

. - ■ the r\u. 

rsons 1 

:.:h buii 

ic-lioi; ■ 

■ liarrao!.. 

-ily aiu: 

.■^.lUlty 111: 


.: 1lir CIS 

s V,-. 1 


, ;;e \\1'^ ; 

liii'V hii.i 

!:itii]i. . 

-:d Bar.. 

;'ul-h'l ec 

,;■!■ SM 

1 1 eonni; 

mO il'L^iH" J^' 1'^ ! (itii ill ♦'■ '" i'"' ■ ■ 


I' ,|.) • ll I'). I <■<■ ' t'.t ' 

4-. uv/ c.i'r '••!' /•» "ji'i "- 

.'■biii; ' J|i 

)!T .f£ .T) 

I.'. ,).)■ ■ ■ -I -' '," ' ' 

jt y .1 -. f . . '■)i 

■■Ur: i;.i" 

■■■•l'J"'i ■•■■ 

; -r-'jl... ' il-jn-j 111 l')U 

,. ..,' ; \r,\ <\ ■.•., 

'.■ri": l.ivJrr. .'■•K'/ .o'l'jW 

ii.- ■ill.,' ■!'•',••■ Hiij vftw 

•.,1, :•-. , M.!r;iil /. 

iiiy^i'oRY OP ro^T-; ;:r co;.. 

constitution adopted i'l 1S16 provided (.'irticli \' 
judiciary power of tb'f: ''^Tte, both as 1 1 naUc ,> . 
be vested in one supreme court, iii e i;ji il coi:it.- 
fcrior courts as the general assembly iiniy fvoin ' 

This prevision remained a part of tlie oij.'.:i! 
the adoption of the constitution of 1851, and nn 
Porter county were established. At the lime 'iT i 
stitution provision was made for the division oL' 
euits, in each of whici: ,-hould be est.iiilished a i-^ 
a presiding judge and two associate judges, I'h > 
years. By the act of February 10, 18.'!1, 11m 
made to consist of the counties of Vcniiillioii, i ' 
tain, Warren, Tippee.nioe, Clinton, CaD'oll, ('a 
the territory nortli anl west of Ihi.-; ciL'cuit li.n' 
into counties, and tlie court of the first circui! 
over the unorganized territory, which inclin:!' 

When the county was organized it was ait 
trict for judicial pu;-poses, but on Febriiai 
approved an act dividing the state into a hup/^ 
tricts. such legislation having become necessiii\' c 
gi'owing population. By this act the Ninth disii 
counties of Fulton, I\Iarshall, Kcsi'iDsko, Ell '> 
Porter and Lake. In Porter C(iu!.i,\, the Ici,. 
on "the second Moutiay after the I'-jaimem-cM,. . 
Laporte county," the act fixing tlie time of nr 
porte county as "the fourth ilon day in .\|a,i 
in October of each year." The Icj;' hiture ■' ' • 
establishment of a jn-nbate court in each <-()uai;. 
of probate judge Wus abolished ^i,, 'u' cin: 
did away with three judges in eai 1. . iir\iil . . i 

V 249 

Action 1), that "The 
I 1 i\v and equity, shall 
, a id iji siirdi other in- 
hi.if. to time direct and 

:\v of the state vnitil 

'(.•• it the first courts in 

la. ado])1ion of that con- 

tiie state into three cir- 

.it court consisting of 

' 'I for a term of seven 

1 judicial circuit was 

'■■", j\lontgomer.y, Foim- 

^s and R1. Joseph. All 

it then lieen organized 

.\as given jurisdiction 

he pi'esent county of 

iied to llie eighth dis- 

.9, 18o8, the governor 

iinndjer of judicial dis- 

!i account of the rapidly 

■.(■t was composed of the 

: I , St. Joseph, Laporte, 

■j[ court wove to begin 

>)f llir rcfndar terms in 

. coiiiiiii'iicement in La- 

aiid till' I bird Monday 

'3 also jiiovided for the 

r the s1a1<', but the office 

111! of I^<"'1, which also 

: lid plac d the court in 

■'f" " t;- [! ,( r noif-i 

■/ <r, t- 

' : r. 1 .0 .•,...;, It); .1, , 

..^.l) J 

• 'll "l/f '. '■ " r.V, •,.I.IH(i' 

■ II i' " 1- .-■_ ,';i;,'i ): ■ 


tho haiid-i ■)i'. luo judge, tiiough tlu; state ^va^. uividcd into a larger uiitn- 
ber of judicial disLrietK. 

Under a coiisiiLutiouid ])rovi.siou that tUe legislature should have 
power to esta'olish inferior courts, the conns of common pleas were 
created by the act of May 14, 1852, the couuties of Laporte, Porter and 
Lake being designated as a cosiunon pleas disirict. The com-t of connnon 
pleas was given jurisdiction ni juatters of pi uhate, against heirs, de\ i.see::! 
and sureties, and v^as practically a continiCiiiou of the old county pro- 
bate court, established in 1838. tliough with rather more extended juris- 
diction, which applied to a district instead oC to a single county. The 
court of cosninon i^leas was abolished in 1872 and the jurisdiction former- 
ly exercised l)y it was transferred to the circuit and superior courts of 
the state. >Since that tiiiie the coujities of LaKe and Poller liave consti- 
tuted tlie circuit vrbieh is now known as the Thirty-first judicial district. 
Terms of five weeks in each county are held, except for ten weeks iu the 
warm weather each summer. 

The legislature of 1893 established a superior court, including the 
counties of Porter and Lapovte, and Governm ^latthews appointed John 
Iv Cass, of, the first judge. The NUperior court holds terms 
of five weeks in eacli county, those iu Porter t-oniity alternating with the 
tei'ms of the circuit court, with a ten weeks vacation iu the summer 
months. The sujUM-iof and rir;M,iit courts li;n'>' concuri'eiit jurisdiction 
in all causes, both civil and criminal. 

A city court was established in Valparaiso iibout 1896, with F. R. 
Parks as city judge. The jurisdiction of this court was about the same 
as that of a justice of the peace and the cases tried before the city 
judge were confined chiefly to violations of the city ordinances. In 1905 
tlie ofifice of city judge was abolished, mayoi-s m cities of the fifth class 
being at that time made judicial officers. Since then the duties of city 
j'adgc in Valitaiaiso have devolved upon the mayor. 

The judges of the circuit court prior to 1872, in the order of their 
service, were: Samuel Sampk, of youth Bend; E. M. Chamberlin, of 
Goshen; Robert LowTy, of Goshen; Thomas Stanfield, of South Bend; 

iCut J 'Hi--.-: " , 'I -I 

,d p 

.,.r ..;l^J 

^'. id"; 

. .-.,.,-,■; '.vil '1^ 

. . ;., :-,urr')! 

, ■ ' ..-'uin':'!*! 

.■ .^UiiM -•■ 'I' 

.',1" ■.''■' '" 


And IV w Osborn, of Laporte; ]Iiram A. Gillett, of Valparaiso. Judge 
Gilliit coutiiuied on the lieuch until 1878, when he was succooded by 
Elislia C. Field. Judge l*"'ie]d was succeeded bj' William Jolinston in 
1890, who served until 1892, when John 11. Gillett was- elected. In 1S98 
Ju(l<4V iJillett was appointed l)y Governor Durbin to a lilace on the In- 
diana supreme bench, to fill the vacancy caused by tlie resit^iialion '■[ 
Judge I'^rancis E. Baker, and at the same time appointed Willis C. Mc- 
Mahan to the position of circuit judge to fill out the unexpired ti-rm of 
Judge Gillett. Judge ]\[cMahan was elected to the office in 19(12 and 
reelected in 1908. 

The judges of the probate court of Porter county while the cmu't wa.s 
in existence wei'e Jesse Johnston, Seneca Ball, George W. Tuiiicr, N:i- 
tbauicJ Campbell, William Talcott and John Jones, tlie last named ]ta\- 
ing Ijeen appointed upon the resignation of Judge Talcott. 

Did ing the twenty yeai's tliat the court of common pleas was in exist- 
ence the district of which Porter county was a part had but three judges, 
viz: II. Lawson, William C. Talcott and Hiram A. Gillett. 

Alention has been made of the appointment of John E. Cass as judge 
of the superior court when that tribunal was establihsed in 189"!. lie 
was succeeded in 1896 by Harry B. Tutliill, who has been reelcded al 
each succeeding election np to 1908. 

Michael L. Esseek was prosecuting attorney of the circuit conij)ost'd 
of Lake and Porter counties at the time the court of common jileas was 
abolished in 1872. Since that time the prosecuting attorneys, with Ihr 
year in which each was elected, have been as follows: Thomas J. Wood. 
1872; J. W. Youche, 1876; J. G. Smith, 1880; Charles P. Griffin, 1882; 
Edgar D. Crumpaeker, 1884; Charles N. Morton, 1888; Willis C. .Me 
Mahan, 1890; Thomas H. Heard, 1891; Stanley T. Sutton, 1898; William 
J. JlcAleer, 1900; David B. Boone, 1904; Charles E. Greenwald, 19()S. 
reelected in 191 0. 

In a new counlry where the popnlation is sparsr^. there is moI inncli 
litigation and the practice of law is a rather precarious calling S.'vnal 
years must elapse before a sufficient number of cases will be filed in tlic 

i iVi:juj .;i ■;' 

■" "t '"I'v! ■ -R-n »1i!I(0 .If 'I'tol. M?)i!,7 A-^.'Pr !i|;in ' 
■ ■ ■ ■ '• ■(<?.! '■ '• iV 'TifCl -u),- •■■ o;) ,,i \ .'..r ■ 'f . 
'■"'■'■'-"'•'■' ■' I: ".' ' .--ii"? -l^.M.-iwr oii' Ijii i>i 
-' '■' ''' '": ' ifi'TI'' '-'rifl ;jfafu -iif.t .fj, taU' ,i 

' •' ■!.'<. ■>!,.',' '.li.t ,lu(l W'A O.t i^i'lIC ij:'M,'.\ '1( 

'■' ' "■' ''- ' ' ''.'^ ■■■'■:■ ijt-(-'^l h' t-iji,r, p,-,:,, .^ :i; ><, ungniij^ ■ 

' '■"'• • ''-''' ^"'f'"^- -■' •^"■'■■:' ::. ■:!.■/.■ ..■,uiuu:j ; 

■'■'■"■ - ' '■■:>'^n' 'r.i .A.i' .^■:i'A-,-i ■,.;; ',,■•■.! iv 

• ' ■ ■■' •- ■ ■ ■"■ ■" ■ '' ^' ,n>C.-< ■>:{■ h:.l- r.:.. ..• ■■:■'-..■. 

' ■' '■- ■'■■ ■- '■!-, h .■.,:■' r:u;,-3 >.■'■ . I ,'.,.. i.r u. !;„vwi. vs; 

■■■' ' ■•' ' '' ■' ' ■'■'■■■ -■■■.•" \!A.n'.'\<\ I,.;: I ,;'.::••. 1 -.lur 
' " ;■'■■■' ' . ■ '' ':!v/ ,: i,,j;;'p ': Vi,,.,' ■■.; ,, -f 

hOvif ..^ |. , 

"!'■■•■ - ■■''' ''1)1 ^: ■_,■;,.-,;,- v..r;!|i , :,,,_,-f,| ;,..,.. 

■. ' "•^"''''•' 'i^ ;-l; ■■' ::■(; ;■!).;/ ■ifll I : .■itm,, r. ]s)'i.->i ]j;ifj .,,|: 

■ "' '■' ■'■■ '"^ ■''''^^' ^'"•■- ..'' >. ^--.f ,.d'.L,jY v7 .(,-• 

'^■' '•-■ ' -"■'■'■'^ •''' ■• ■' '■■ . "'=^-' :.r.j.'.Vl ir -..uonT -Oy; ,r, 
''■''-'■• ■ '■'' ^■''■■-'"> ■.:'-''". i^.v.n .., ■..•„(( lOutif .r-.lA 

(ffcr ,,;■ ;, , . 
'''■'■ '■''"'■'■■''-' '■■ 'l!'i 'iti'lij. { :,,,! .•:■.;; .y ■,-|)i,,|„r, 7,-:,,: ,, , 
■' •■' •' ^'^ '■'■, '■■^■.li-l n .-. ««i •),,".: ,?1 :,:q ^,^,l ij„i| f(,,.;., 

■-■■' ■■ 'i ■•■ ■•.:n.. :„ , ,-i,,-,:,,, u,',;.-!, < ,-, i.iVc,., .,..,;^J„ },;;,„■ 


courts ',(.• Justify the estiib^isliiiK ni- of a local bar < f any eonsicle-raLle 
luopcrticDs. When Porter cmiit. • v ;,s organized sm the Ninth jiulieial 
cii>Lript cstnb]i.ihed, that di.:1riet v ,i ; coaiposed of eight counties. The 
Ifadina; attorneys of these counti 's irequently rode on horseback J't'om 
one county seat to another, cju'ryii!^ Ilioir law ]ii>' in tlieir oki-fash- 
iuned saddle-bags. Amojig tliose i!;i\ cling lawy. ; of that day were 
Joseph L. Jernegan, John B. Nik.^, Robert Mcdim. id, "W. C. iJnmia, 
Joseph "W. Chapman. John 11. ar.d J:.mes Bradley, 'x, is generally con- 
ceded that JoHiah S. Masters, wlio eaiae from the stal" >[ New York about 
the time the county was or^ajiiziii. was the resident Jawyof of 
Porter county. Not finduig .sufficitrii, pj-actice to ocr--oy his time, he. en- 
gaged in teaching .school, having laiivj:; the first ■ dI in PorfeiKviile 
(now Talparasio), and in fact nev-r did ranch 1 . iiiess in tin law. 
Ilarlowe S. Ortdn came to Vaiparais' early in 18;;!! .id was one dT the 
most prorainent'arid best kno^vn of the .-.irly attorn' ..■; Later he ^v>mi1 to 
Madison, Wi.'-;coiisin, -iviiert. (.•■ beriin: . ].)rosident oJ' 1' •> law department 
of the University of Wisconsin. No' f.-ii- behind i\h- f)rton came Sam 

nel I. Anthony, who was adniilled to i^'.tetice in Pn'- 
ber, 1839. He was for many years op. of the le;. 
county and served in both braneht:, uf the stall- 
Johnslon, who came to the (vninty aiieii^; the first ; 
justice of the peace in 1S3!' but de'-iijed the ofiji > 
judge from 1838 to 1840, and liis soji, William John 
ing law in Valparaiso. Gcnr: • W. T, the 
entered upon the practice e;" i.iw alioiu uSl.^i and co 
fession until he left the couni;. in IH-jil. Mark L. 1) ■ 
J. Merrifield located in V;dp::ii;iso in .IS'iO. 

Mark L. De Motte, oiso of ■ bcsi 
was born near Eockville, Pa'e coiu 
a sen of Rev. Daniel De jMoli . a nole^ 
graduated at Asbury (now !>■ Pa(n\- 
ana, with the degree; of A. p.. ISei; 
the same in.stitution the d"frii • itf ]j !. 

■ '•■■ county in Octo- 
'ig law^^ers of tlie 
letcislattire. Jesse 
rMers, was elected 
fie was i)i-obate 
■' I, is still praclic- 
' -rk of the court, 
I nued in the i)ro- 
■ itte and Thomas 

'■ Porter county, 
lubci- 28, lS;:i2, 
> r.'iTiit ride)' i: his day. lie was 
i 'i!i\-ersily at ' •'■''cneastle, hiili- 
;. i U\o years ' :' received fi-oin 
1 l1 \\;is ill li ' year lie began 

Ml allorii. 

iM Ibx>1 J. ' • 

V'r.'A Vr-l 

h.l- ' 

1 ■ . '.1 



■ ;;' '■ ■. * )a 

HISTORY OF rOirrEl? (M)TJNTY -253 

practice in Yaiparais.j, and i'lom 'hat time ui^til his death was closely 
identified with the PortcT county bar. During the Civil war he served as 
senior first lieutenant of the Foui'th Indiana battery and as assistant 
quartermaster with the rank of cnptain. After tlie -war he went to Lex- 
ington, Missouri,' w^hcrc he becann' (he owner nnd editor of the Lexington 
Register, and was a delegate io tlie Republican national conventions 
of 1868 and IBTfi. In 1877 lie r, turned to Yalparaiso and three years 
later was one of the founders of the law department of the Valparaiso 
University. He was elected to Congi-ess in 1880; was defeated for re- 
election in 3882; was elected to the state sciiate in 1886; and served as 
postmaster at Vali>araiso during: the admiuisi ration of President Harri- 
son. He died at his liome in Valparaiso, September 28, 1908. 

Judge Hiram A. Gillett was horn near Richmond, Vermont, March 
19, 1831. After graduating at tlie Burlington (Vt.) University in 1853, 
he went to Buffalo, New York, where he studied law, and in 1856 was 
admitted to the ])a)-. In 1861 Jn' came to Valparaiso. He M'as elected 
judge of Ihe eonniioii pleas ('"urt until it was abolished, wlien Governor 
Hendricks appointed him judyf of the circui! court for the circuit com- 
posed of Lake, Porter and Starke counties, which office he held for six 
years. He thoi practiced law in Valparaiso until a short time before 
his death on pecemlier 16, 1903. His son, John H. Gillett, also served 
for several years as judge of 1lie circuit cnnrt . 

Other attorneys who located in Porter couuty prior to the Civil war 
were M. M. Fasscdt, John W. Jfui-phy and ('. I. Thompson. After the 
war the profession was well represented by 'I'homas J. Merriefild, J. M. 
Howard, Thomas .M. Loughlin, Jolm E. Cass, W. H. Calkins, J. H. Skin- 
ner, Nallian L. Apnew, A. L. Jones and others, most of wliom Jiave died 
or removed to otln:- fields of l:ibor. 

A. Lytic Jone.s >'.:is one of '■■■, metiiii' rs of the Porter county bar 
to study law in the coiinty. He was born in Wayne county, Ohio, in 
August, 1835, au'l tame with liis parents to Porter couuty in 1847, set- 
tling on Horse piairie. In 18.".'"> he graduated at the Indiana State Uni- 
versitj', then studied laAV with Samuel I. Anthonj', and in 1856 was ad- 


u'l >:l ^c '.' 


■ • 1 1 ' ' 

••; Vj;,^« - 

■(■■•■.Ir: , 

'!><'! .i.'^ff. 

!:,■■■ I'f 'ifr., 



-M r. 

iiaul's/in -■ 

■ .■ 1 '■■i'i- 1 

. 1 . .■ • 

1., , 


■m.'i, , 

'■ ■ ■■•<{ V! ' 

. : 7 v,..V 
.!■■ :•',■. if , 

! -vf, 

■jii • 




Iff ■ 

1 1 in •)(! . 

;:■•:,' jIbY - 

r,>;. aif! ,, 
i' •• til'/U- • 

■ 1.; .if,iv.,i/ 

..■ " ;, 'I'ri 
1.; ■: 1 ::j- ■'■ 

• ... -ut. 'f. 

' ■; vf-.'.ii' , 
1 r.'v'vi^'.' 

■' . ■•! ■■'.■■ 

■ ..\ J 
' ,r::fUj\. . 


'uitted to practice. For several years he was the senior mem1)er of tiir; 
law lirm of Jones, Do Molte & Jones. During the war he served in llu; 
Seventh Indiana cavalry. He was a member of Chaplain Brown Post, 
Grand Army of the Republic, and was connected with the Northern In 
diana Law School. He died at Valparaiso, March 17, 1902. 

On Friday, December 21, 1906, a number of members of thi- Porter 
county bar met in the library room of the court-house for the purpose of 
organizing a bar association. The meeting -was called to order by H. H. 
Loring. Nathan L. Agnew was chosen chairman, and ]\lark B. Rockwell 
was elected secretary. After some discussion H. H. Loring, E. W. 
Agar and R. J. Kitchen were appoi)ited a committee to draft a consti- 
tution and by-laws, whieh were to be reported at another meeting un 
December 26th. At thv adjourned meeting on that date the constitutiou 
and by-laws Avere adopted and the following officers elected: H. II. 
Loring, president; Grant Crumpacker, vice-president; Mark B. Rockwell, 
secretary; A. D. Bartholomew, treasurer. The association started off 
with every indication of success, but when an effort was made to adopt 
a certain schedule of fees for certain legal services, some of the lawyers 
asserted that they were capable of judging what their services were 
worth and withdrew their support from the organization. The last meet- 
ing, of which any record can be found, was held on January 11, 1908, 
wheti the same officers were reelected, with the exception of vice-presi- 
dent, R. J. Kitchen taking the place of Grant Crumpacker. After the 
election of officers, the menibers of the association and the invited guests 
adjourned to the El Erding Cafe, where a banquet was served and 
Nathan L. Agnew read a paper upon "The Ethics of the Legal Pro- 
fession." Sixteen per.sous were present at the ban(juet. 

Bumstead's last couuly directory gives the names of twenty-lbtee 
lawyers who reside in the county, eighteen of them being located in "\':ii- 
paraiso. Thej' are E. W. Agar, A. D. and J. S. P.artholomew, N. J. and 
William Bozarth, Grant Crumpacker, William Daly, William II. Dov, 
dell, Thomas H. Heard, JJauiel E. Kelly, II. H. Loring, E. 0. I\lain, K. G. 

rT/.iioj jiaT>K>"^ 'H.' 

ii,i;v.;i '■ 

■ / 3j:; liJ'-'-' ii'itj-'- .'Ltoo '.f.'" '■ 
■ ,.(^ ..-;i 3rj.(jrt-t'i"<r' ' 9'<* ■■♦'■ » 

.-.i-J A: 


-MM- :>..t-'i/l X- 

.-|.>.i;.-I ■:•,. 

" ^ ' ' , .'. . . 1... .M,r,,.: ;r .!:■• 

)...,;.:^;':l /. 

.1! • i'J a.;''' 
•!t;,-:J 31^ 

!■:;. -'.T'.- rt;.- '■''" '"^> itbi'-i 

;....; ;lj'' ^lii '■'' 


Osborne, P. B. Parks, William E. Piiiney, Mark B. Rockwell, Benjamin 

C. Stockman, and H. J. Schenck. 

The three lawyers of Chesterton M-ere Geoigc P. Batteiger, C. W. 
Jensen and G. R. Williams, and in Hebron are George C. Gregg and 

D. B. Pickle. Although the name of Edgar D. Crumpaeker ddcs not ap- 
pear on the list of lawyers as given in the directory — probably for the 
reason that he lives most of the time in Washington, D. C, as 1lie lejne- 
sentative of the Tenth Congressional district — he still claims bis ]>prmnn- 
nent residence in the citj' of Valparaiso. 

One of the lawj'ers who practiced in northern Indiana jirior to tbo 
Civil Avar was Daniel D. Pratt, of Logansport, who was at om- tiiiK- 
United States senator from IndiaJia. A short time before bis deatli be 
told Rev. Robert Beer the following story of a visit he made to Yal]i;;r- 
aiso on one occasion. The story is repeated here because it shows some- 
thing of the conditions that existed in the town at the time the incident 
occurred. Mr. Pratt was the secretary of the Republican national ron- 
vention which nominated Mr. Lincoln for the presidency at C'liicago in 
1860. At the close of the convention he came to Valparais", Mbore lie 
was one of the counsel in a case involving the Indian title to a certain 
tract of land. He stopped at the old Gould Ilonse on West IWain street, 
and being rathpr tired retired at a comparatively early hour. Directly 
opposite the hotel was a grocery, along the side of which were piled a 
number of barrels of salt. The salt attracted a herd of cows, s(^veral of 
which wore bells, and the noise thej'^ made prevented Mr. Pratt, from 
going to sleei). Time passed by \mtil all w^as still in the little city ex- 
cept the nerve-racking noise of those bells. Unable to sleep, the distin- 
guished lawyer raised his window and tried to scare the eow^^ away. 
His efforts in this direction were futile, but he was determined to j^^i'l rid 
of the pest at all hazards. Quietly descending the stairs, only in 
his night clothes, he let himself out at the front door, seized a lioj^rd and 
charged upon the eneni}'. The cows fled in all directions, bnl tlir jrnijilr 
of the l)ells aroused a mimber of dogs and their barking addi d to tlie din. 
Seeing what he had done, and not w^anting to be discovered as the antlior 

(-, ., - 

■' '■,,.l--. 

7'i,.,J i.> IiaTHOT 'TO v 
.ii.j'i(. ,'r I!m ''l.o5i f iiit'iA {fpni}i'T .;^ 

■ ''•' • . ■ II" Mii.'.r .'I ■ r, ,.■."■< -.-i;!/; I (.■!■!. *'-.jf) J,o fc.jV.V/,,. ' ;'-r:i!-'..-' v ' ',,.h,(n.; ■ ./ ■<■■:;.,,:! ■.<!: > 
■ ':^ ' "■' ./T'-!:- A ,>-li:l.;'I ... .VI ■ .fi.lj- 

) ,',' ( 

■/■"'' '- • t'...i'i .« tlJ .y i-i:l.,-' 1> :■ ' 

'■'■'■;( ■;■•■;' ■•';i;?f ■■^p.i^iis ■■■i\t ,f;s; ,;^ihHj -j-ii.i 
i- ' -- .-'!■' '-..irM '•.' .-re,, -.^tu:' livi-xruia 

■ t (^-.M)o ,ji''r 

m:. •!,:. .roqi 

'■■ ' ■■' '''' '' ■ ■•■ i'l:. ^i; fi },( T, : ■:;,,, ■; ■. ;:;..ivi,; nil 


f the DiiscUief, M". Fratt hurried riack to liis bed room. In a short time 
h was iislcep, r;oi uithstiuidiiij. tic c.ovs were toon back at the pile ui' 
Suit barrels and making as much noise as bcfi>re. In telling the sLory, 
Mr, Pratt did not in gleet to menticn that he wo!i his ease. 

In the pior'.:,...u)ns of art, literature and journalism, some of rorter 
county's sous and daughters have made their mark. Robert T. Paine, 
who acquired a "wide reputation as a sculptoi-, was born in Jackson 
township, a son of Joel Paine. As a boy he was fond of modeling in clay, 
and made several small statues before he ever received any insti-uction 
in the art of sciJjjture. He ultimately became a protege of Augustus 
St. Gaudens. The idstructJon be Ihus received, with his ambition and 
indomitable indnstrv, quickly oiinbled hira to take his place among 
America's leading seuli)tors. He built a fine Grecian home on the 
Palisades, overloolcing the Hudson river, and also established there bis 
studio. His mastoi-piece, "Kcptinic and TTis ilcrmaids," was destroyed 
by him while craved with grief ovvr his wife's suicide in the spring of 

Of those who iia\e won distinciion in literature and journalism, the 
name of Gilbert A. Pierce is probably the best kuo\vu. He was born in 
Cattaraugus eount.>% New York, in 1834. At the age of twenty years 
he ca^ne to Porter county with his j^arents, who settled at Tassinong, 
where his father was postmaster for over twenty-five years. He studied 
law in the old University of Chicago and at Ihe breaking out of the 
Civil war enlisted in Company IT, Ninth Indiana infantrj^ After be- 
ing successively promoted to lieutenant, captain and assistant quarter- 
master, he Avas made cjolonel of cavalry and inspector of the (luartcr- 
master's department. In October, 1865, he retired from the army and 
commenced the practice of law in Valparaiso, but was soon elected to 
the lower house of Lbc Indiana legislavure. For two years he was financial 
clerk of the United States senate. But his mind ran in a literary direc- 
tion and he became au editorial writer on tiie Chicago Intcr-Occan, 
where he remained for nearly twelve years. Later he was connected with 
the Morning Ncw^ iiv au editorinl enpacity. Tu 1884 he was appointed 

,} -.di hi ;(■'!'. i'O.: ■y>r ' '"■ 

iiy ?. '{.J '■■ 

H't t'F 

>,r •.voL.A^-; 

.1:-, •.,!( f(r ■■'.i;' 

., -f •ill .'t'i!?..''.(lT 
^;^■' .•;■ ;-.' Ti'rrMif 

,- •, ij i.. >!•:■>:■:' 
' hI l,il;; II"'' 

7. ,,-.m;-,;)V(; .,,1) 


territorial governor of Dakota, and in 1H89 was elecied one of t'lic Uiiited 
States senators from North Dakota. Upon retiring from the sea ate in 
1891, he purchased an interest in the Minneapolis Tribune. In 1893 he 
■was appointed minister to Portugal, but after a short sojouin in that 
country failing liealtli compelled him to resign and return to '\merica. 
With his two sons he organized the Pierce Publishing Company in Chi- 
cago and issued a magazine entitled Wliat to Eat. Mr. Pince wrote 
several novels, most of them stories of western life, and his Diiiionary of 
Dickens Characters has found favor in botli England and llic United 
States. He died at the Lexington Hotel, Cliicago, February 1l>, 1901. ■• 

Hubert ]M. Skinner, a member of the well Icno^vn Porter e";inty fam- 
ily of that name, ^rrote a History of Valparaiso in 1876. l! is a small 
work, but shows much careful research and investigation, ^ir. Skinner 
is also the author of a number of poems, one of which, "Tlir Old Sac 
Trail," appears elsewhere in this work. His most pretentiou; ^ ork, how- 
ever, is doubtless his "Story of the Britons," which was j-iii-'ished in 
1903. It tells the storj- of the ancient Britons through the Eileen cen- 
turies preceding the Saxon conquest, aud is admirabty ada^i^ 1 for sup- 
plementary reading in the public schools. 

Mrs. Idael Makeever, a daughter of George W. Childcr of Kouts, 
wrote a nmnbe'r of poems, including verses in the Hoosier I'inlect, sou- 
nets, lyrics and reminiscent poems. After her marriage and • •nioval to 
Stormsburg, Nebraska, she published two volumes of vev (S entitled 
"Goldenrod" and "Prairie Flowers." Tlie following lines : .v from her 
"Day Dreams:" 

"Time brings the treasures of youth's bright day '■ ' -'t; 

And hangs them before me in gorgeous array; ■ ■ i' 

He chases the shadows, dispelling the haze ' ■ '' "■ . 

That lingered around them in earlier days; ■ • ! •. ; 

He's carefully burnished them one by one : •:. - 
By pi'ocesses not knoMii \uider the sini ; ' '' ' •''■■•(■;-■/;■ 
Retaining the sunshine, rejecting the gloom, ' ' ■■■'■ ''•'■■ ' 

Vol. I— 17 

! ,i;{ ..-/-•f 

'( J./'O^' 

' ,-.^ -;■■ Jr.. 

i- ■.:-i,.; .'I -ill -lu ■.; ■ .- ' :-::i .v>'fi>,ffff.i) 

.■i:'7 m Rvv.M yiT;t.'',-j. . .., ■:.,,-^ 'r,-, ■i'^,i,ii'rft 

■ ou. I'u! ^ ' '. ;«'■ 'ij ':• :• ■'iJMI:';'! In!'. 'i-.H 

■ "../IIoj ;nl : ■ ' .i; fv/-!;;''! ■;■!! ,"'1 ' ii;:i; 

-'!■. i\.' .'^ "i /--i ,'.i.i.':H:f 111'. ■.'.■( r.''::".J(f Lit/v 

':i/ •,!; •i'->i/ ..' iiv.'Om;!' :-.; k- v^o-iiO'iq 7..'l 


Touching llieiii all with a faiut perfume 
Sweet as Iho' wafted from Aribee, 
Lying under the dreamland tree." 

Rev. J. M. Kenued)', a Methodist minster wlio was once pasloi' of the 
church at Chesterton, is also the author of a book of ijoems of more tlian 
ordinary merit. Prof. A. Y. Moore, an instructor in the old A'alparaiso 
Collegiate Institute, wrote the "Life of Schuyler Colfax." iMiss 
Frances R. Howe, a granddaughter of Joseph Bailly, is the author of "A 
Visit to Bois d'Haine, " a narrative of European travel, aivl "An Old 
French Homestead," a description and account of the settlement estab- 
lished by her grandfatlier in Porter county in 1822 . A. G.>' 
published an atlas of Porter countj' in 1876, in wliicji is an interesting 
historical sketch of the county wi-itten by hiniself. A number of text- 
books and monograplis on educational, scientific and professional .sub- 
jects have been written by instructors in the educational institutions of 
the county, her lawyers and physicians. Among these "Putnam's Elo- 
cution," published b^' AYorthy Putnam, who at one time was a teacher 
in the Valparaiso JIale and Female College, is deserving of more than 
passing mention. It is a large work, treating the technical points in elo- 
cutionary training, and contains a large number of selections well adapted 
to /oice culture and expression. Other works of this character that stand 
above the average are "The Normal Debater," by Oliver P. Kin.sey; 
"The Latin Sentence," liy J. W. Ilolcomhe; and Dr. E. W."s wurk 
on chemistiT. Mi's. Lixzie Newell, once a resident of Valparaiso, lnil 
later of Fargo. North Dakota, wrote a boojc called (lie "Sil(']i1 ('llil^^,' 
lor," an ingenious eompilalion of i)assages from the llililc and poetry. 
Mrs. E. W. Ilavertield, ^\r. D. was the aiithoi' of a book entilled ■' l-hi- 
lightened Woman," dealing with sulijeets of interest to iicr o\vii s: v 

No history of the professional life of Porter county would lie complete 
without some reference 1o "William C. Taleott ,who might l)e calle.- Hi- 
Nestor of Porter couuly journalism. lie was born in lierkshire coujily, 
Massachusetts, Decemlier 25, 1815, and the following year removed "ith 

■Jin j'l-'^Mj iU'.« 

,-„l^.W .: /i, 1,.VT .1.1 X 

',, , •,..,,'..;; V; J- r' ' ,•..;.: -M .,; !:..! -.flT ' 

, ,, ;,, .' .: ; ., ;,. .,;.,,., ^! !tr. / .o'V'.-;'!' '''> •''.?.,! 
,;...-, .... ...... : •-;. ■..,:,. L-n-.r, -:f;..i--:.;^iU :!K " ,wl 


his parents to Lake county, Ohio, whore he lived for ten ycMrs wifli his 
father and mother and then with other persons mitil about LSH;"), wiicu lio 
came to Laporte county, Indiana. Two years later he came lo Toitcr 
county. At the age of fifteen years he began preparing foi- llic Pvt si . - 
lerian ministry ,but while studying he became dissatisHi-d ^vith some 
of the doctrines of that faith and adopted the creed of Univei.salibm. ]*'(ii 
some ten years he was one of the pioneer preachers of thiit di'nomiiiation. 
but finally severed his connections ^\^th the church, accepting;- llic (ioldon 
Rule as the basis of his religious belief. It has been said thai Judi^c Tal- 
cott could preach a sermon, teach a school, edit a newspaper, piMchVc 
and administer the law, or successfully conduct a fai-m. Ih; sei-\ed as 
justice of the peace, probate and common pleas judge .and was o]w a. 
candidate for the lower house of U\e state legislature, l.iut was ileiVatod 
because o'f his strong anti-slavery and temperance views. I'^or jiuin> 
years he was connected with the publication of the Practical, Oliscrcfr 
and Valparaiso Videiic. 

Porter county might be classed as a riu-al community, where i'cw 
opportunities exist for the development of high professional abilily. 
There are no large cities within her borders ,no gi'eat scientific instil n 
tions or laboratories, comparatively little litigation of a complex (rliar- 
acter requiring the skill or services of the attorney who lias made a 
specialty of such cases, no great hospital where intricate siir;4:ical hixmh- 
tions may be performed. But the professional men of the counly ai'i 
fully up to the standard of those in similar communities. Her dnctoi,- 
as a rule are students of their profession and keep well abr-oasi of (lir 
times; lier lawyers eounnand tlie confidence of the public and tin' rr,|u'i-i 
of the courts; her educators liave a reputation that is known I'a)- lirvdinl 
lier boundaries, and, all tilings considered, no professional man nvcl 
feel a.shamed to admit that his home is in Poi-ter county. ., . . 

<l -Id,/ -I.' ', M'lt -ui f">7il firl 'jTniw (iifIC) .Churo'j Oil, 
-I , i' ,■! •.,1.- ii , )t£l :J'I-'^.^ ..',T .iMiJ.lLlif , ^tr.l; .'. 

1 , 

Ml'.) iu>,' V 


/ ' I' n) I! ji *.','ip( . r. ■■■' i.i 

1. f .■■.■'/ ' 


■;. ■-. ij ij 

-., : •.,; 

! -1 fJi-.iuiniiui bii/ 

j;i! -;-,■' ■ ti>; ■ 

I- ?.i,^ V,, -v: 

I--; •.,';'! 

:i'.i --.i;'//- Mil . ,. 


; Oii':i.\MiAr'' f!;!'. 

■ \l,:\ 

Mllffr 1 -fii .(I'i 

I'.i .;>l 

' r.,,J(r,II()hrf" 

,1 ,.■, ■;;■ 

_ ' , 'Ml 

■-■'Mt'Jlif}/'! I 

. ' ■.!:■' 


, ,. ., .. ,||,; 

>■./,/.' 1,1 ,.(( ,r..,i<),; 

i Mb-- '- 

•u( ,k)'ii;i:-i -nU !,/ 

':; .1 i:r 

,,-,_)|-!t;l;fIUOl( -I'.ll 

•1 :!■■■;■ 

i-.t i.-„:..fxi; r,.' 












Man is a gi-egarious animal, and while that statement is not original, 
it is true, nevertheless. Created with the social instinct, as civilization 
advances and becomes more complex, the individual members of societv 
realize more and more their dependence upon each other. To promol<' 
mutual interests, societies or associations are formed hy persons engaged 
in the same line of business; unions are organized hy workmen who fol- 
low the same trade or vocation; fraternal orders have been called into 
•existence for social intercourse, to care for the sick or unfortunate among 
the members, l)xT^\v thi^ dead, and provide for the wido^v and orphan 
through the medium of frnlernal insurance. 

■ 260 

1 1/. ^i.IT'T/aiO 

I! :•; li-'.>r;i -'i.- i^il; ■''('■" '■'' ■ .i'-.f'i":-> -!::■>- ■■■"■■"ili - 

....,;•.,■ .-f, l:M' .' .'"' .- ".It .' ■■;q;i."'j ■•■(Ol.; :-'j :•">■:■ '.I t:JC e!''IO^''' . 
,.,, ., , ,;. I.. .--^ ■' ., ,. v,i;. ! ■: • 1 ■- •• m; .^■lijMrv'o ,>:!,-.HV)ili !ii(.ltlii(' 

W* r 


Probably the first society of au industrial chavai-ler evor organized 
ill Porter county Avas an agricultural society. On T''e!iriiar-y 14, 1851, 
tlie governor of Indiana approved an act of the stair ]<'o;ishi1ure. section 
1 of which reads as follows : 

"Be it enacted by the General Assembly of llic Sl,iir of Luliana, 
.That whenever thirty or more persons, residents oC any (•(■(r.ii1.\' or district 
embracing two coimties of this state, shall organize Dieinfsulvi-.s into a so- 
ciety for the improvement of agriculture within said coiinly or district, 
and shall have adopted a constitution and by-laws agncnbly 1o tbr' rules 
and regulations to be furnished by the Indiana State Board uf Agricul- 
ture, aiid shall have appointed the usual and proper nf!ii;ris. aiul -when 
said society shall have i-aised and paid to their trcasiin r. Ij.v Adluiilary 
subscription, or by fees imposed upon its members, .'uiy siua of money 
not less than fifty dollars; and whenever the president, of said society 
shall certify to the i-espective county auditors the aiiueml thus paid, 
attested by the oath or aftirmatiou of the treasuj-er bd'or.' a Diagistrate, 
it shall be the duty of said county auditors embracer] ^••jtl:iu Die district 
in which said society shall be organized, to draw an urd;i- im tlje 1 r.asurer 
of his resiieetive county in favor of the president and treiihairer of said 
society for whatever amount of funds there shall lune liecn received 
during the previous years for all licenses issued to jinseais exhibiting 
menageries, circuses, or theatrical performances, or olher shows: I'ro- 
vidcd, said order shallnot exceed the amount raised and paid in b.y said 
society b.y voliintary subscriptions or fees, and it sliall he llie dat.\ of the 
treasurer of said coTinty to pa.y the same. " ' •'■ 

Under the provisions of this act a meeting wa.s licld at tlie court- 
house in Valparaiso on June 14, 1851, for the j>iirpo;:.- nf ui'.L'aiii/.ing 
an agricultural society. Aaron Lytic preside<l, O'eoi'^jv \V. 'f nrner acted 
as secretary, and a committee, consi.sting of AVilliam < '. 'lalruii, .\ai'on 
Lytic, II. E. WQfKlrutf, W. W. Jones and David llii-liail. v.a.s .ippninted 
to draft a, constitution and liy-laws. At a snl)se(|Ueii1 ia-;iii;; a eoiisti- 
t.ution was adopted, one feature of wliich was tliat ai;\ eili/.ii. ol' tlie 
county might become a. mcii"il>er upon payiaeiit o!' I'Ui' dollai'. The oi -'aii- 

'''/'M;'! KinMio'i 

JlLiMiiri:;-:'. ■, ., 

'■ , . >, i:; 

,[.•1 U. 

.u.yy ,]-l : 

' •' il'l 

' ''. 

-f.v iM''..- .■:!, i 

-; - ' lu) 

■■ 'J 1 i i 

.1:, ;.-«-/. .;j,-.'Vi-.;> ui 

■; ' ' ' ' lOi fi.ri'i.'''': ■!■> ' ■ '.i.' •• I I 

)i / >j>j 

' ' ' ■ ur. l.,;.! [.•.•,\'/>^ ;..|, Ir.i[;> •(■■.;, 'H^ Lift,: 

' ■■;■•- ■ ■'"; ■■■: ■ '.. . (o-n.!. ■ .] ,: a l./nit.u'.i .; 
■ I 1 Mir.'Kii i.i'ifw ■ .'I'l 111 I. >. ifci i(i ;ilx'(j!( vjfiffti' 


izatiiiu wjis funiplitod by tJio, election of the following:; board of directors.- 
William A. IJarnes, Azariah Freeman, 11 .E .Wfrodruff, W. C. Taicott, 
W. W. Joutb and Aaron Lytic. Mr. ]3arues was elected president of tlio 
board and Azariali Freeuuiu was chosen treasurer. In November iliese 
two ofScer.s filed tlie certiticale recjuii'cd by law wilh the county auditor, 
showing that sixty-one d'lllars had lieen paid in as inembershii) fees, 
and the society received from the county the sum of twenty-five dollars, 
the amount collected as license fees as provided in the act. Fairs were 
held annually by this society until 1862, when, the Civil war Ix^iug at 
its height, it suspended operations. 

After the war was over no attempt Avas made to revive the old agri- 
cultural .society, and thus matters stood until the I'all of 1871. On Oc- 
tober 4,. 1871, a ncNV "Tortcr County Agricultural Society" was organized 
by a meeti)ig held at the county auditor's office, A. V. Bartliolome^A' 
presiding and Reason Bell acting as secretary. S. S. Skinner, C. 'W. 
Dickover and Engclbert Zimmerman were appointed a eomniittce to draft 
a constitution and by-laws, and J. C. Barnes, Cyrus Axe and D. P. Jones 
•were appointed to solicit funds to defray the expenses of holding a 
county fair on October 19th and 20th following. With only two weeks 
in which to make all necessary preparations, a fair was held on the days 
named and it was a success in all respects. From that time forward fairs 
were held annuallv and thcv were usually well attended. Under the 
auspices of the old society the fairs were held upon the court-house 
square until 1859, when a fair ground was secured southwest of town, 
near the woolen fad ory. The records do not show that this tract was pur- 
chased by the society, but old settlers seem to think that a pui'chase Avas 
made and the deed not recorded. If such was the case, it is probable 
that no cash payment -was made, and when the society suspended in 18()2 
the grand i-evertcd to the foi'iuer owner. 

After the society M'as reorganized in 1871, the question of obtainiug 
suitable grounds for holding fairs. On July 13, 1872, the county com- 
missioners ^(fh'Qi] the problem by purchasing a tract of ground de- 
scribed in the deed as follows: "Commencing three chains and forty- 

; :j :ff ,T^.i. ■.,-.7/. 

,,,,, ,., ,.j: :;.7 vail •■:; >.■.•>..! I '-'-1 

M :i:u,i bcH't:^ ^''.' 

r'.V SI"- 

f,.i,.:.-t- ■:;;!■ n -.,r 

■,,!( >!ivi!t ol 




■ rxTV 


OJi.' and oneliall IhiLs east oC llio qu<ii-1"i- 

srction 13, township 35, range (>, IhencM u 

Iweuty degrees and tM-elve minutes east i 

hnndreiltlis chains; thence north eight li\ 

ninety hundredths chains; tlicnce soiitli t^ 

utcs wvst twenty-two and tweuly-iive lau'' 

eighty-five degrees west to the point oi' > 

twenty acres, more or less." 

A substantial tight-board fence was buill 

iugs and stalls for stock were erected, and iii 

Subsequently about ten acres were added I' 

chase, giving the society a fine location, ; 

Grand Trunk railway and just east of i: 

of 15)11 was held September 5th to 8tli. n 

ening -weather the attendance was not up ■■ 

cietj' fouud itself face to face with a defni: " 

the eouuty eommi.ssioners. The officers — ( 

ham Luweustiue, secretary, and C. W. 1'.; 

signed in June, 1912, after deciding not t ■ i 

the Valparaiso Chamber of Counnerce iiin,-; 

rangemenls for a fair and home-coming in ."^rj 
On February 10, 1887, a meeting wa- i 

office at Valparaiso for the purpose of o. ,;; 

counties of Lake, Porter and Laporte. •! >' 

was elected chairman of the meeting, and ('■■ 

county, was chosen secretary. Kepresen);ii' 

societies were present, and al'ter some di- ;. , 

diana Fair Circuit'" was orgaiuzi'd with i : 

]\Iurry i'unier and John E. Luthei', of i 

and E. 8. Beach, of Porter countj-; Will' 

land, otT;aporte county. William Banks 

Talbotl >Aas elected secretary and tre;r-, 

were fixed as follows: Porter i-ounty, Srj.:. 

-1: kc (111 tlie south liuc of 
I iiia;jiii'tic course north 
I .. ily-tW') and twenty-five 
r ('ccs east nine and 
Icriec.s and twelve min- 
ilis chains; thence south 
•'jiiinii'MOi'inent ; containing 

;iioiui(l the grounds, build- 
■ was held here in 1872. 
) llu- ('air grounds by pur- 
' ivt distance north of the 
iirslnldn road. The fair 
Jiisi\-c. Owing to threat- 
i i!ie standard, and the so- 
r t^l.OOO, \\iiich was paid by 
"'■ Pcircr. president; Alu'a- 
' iiiuicw. Ireasurer — all re- 
id an\ fair that year, and 
. (liatcly liegan making ar- 

id in llic county auditor's 

,i/.ing a fair circuit in the 

■. P.rddie, of Porter county 

. -g" C. Dorland, of Laporte 

(if tlie three agricultural 

Mil 1hr " Xorthwestern In- 

iiiwiii;; l«iard of directors: 

i-ount\ ; James S. Fulton 

:'..:iiilrs and George C. Dor- 

liosi'u jiresident ,and W. I. 

|)a((s lor holding fairs 

'il.i-r iMth to 24th; Laporte 

> <!-. 

'.!>•'( •>:•.> Viii! 

'!() 'inil jlhiit M. I III 1.' ■! T't I 
J/'iiiu ■it'.-ntffi o"! ■! J. .Ml . H I . 

isr.i- '-nhi f-a;;-j f '(Hi-.l! . ;'l iil^i^ i{):on •• ni'jili .i-i 

■.'1. ;r.;;jii'j' ; ii •'■; '■ 'i ' •■■ 10 111114 i.ii il ir'.V ■ 
• ■ ir, ;):'1 ' 111 (II . 'i '■! -f,// ■,v;U'j'i. twii ■ ]i\;2. 

,m; ! .:/i'ii ■';)■ 

; j.^ 'If •■ 


coimty, September 27th 1o oOtli; Lake county, October 4tli to 7th. Tli<- 
fairs that year were well attended and in many respects better than tve) 
before, due to the cooperation of the three counties, wliich created ;i 
friendly rivalry among exhibitors. The records do not show when the 
Northwestern Fair Circuit ceased its operations as an organization. 

Toward the close of the decade from 1840 to 1850, horse stealing 
became common occurrence in Porter and adjoining counties, and to 
protect themselves tlie citizens formed associations for the capture of 
the thieves. The Morgan Prairie Anti Horse Tliief Association was or- 
ganized and a constitution adopted on May 11, 1851. By this constitu- 
tion it was provided that the membership should not be "less Ihan (en 
nor more than one hundred." A. W. Talbott, of Center township, was 
elected president; J. N. Thompson, of JMoryan to^s^3sllip. secretary, and 
James Bnudy, treasurer. Thirty-eight men enrolled their names and 
paid their dues as members of the association, which was in active exis- 
tence for about ten year's, when the conditions became so much im- 
proved that there was no necessity for its further existence. After the 
wai', horse thieves again made their appearance in the northern Indiana 
counties and in 1869 the board of county commissioners approved the 
articles of association of another ^Vnti Horse Thief Society. Like its 
l^redecessor, after a few years it was discontinued. 

In July, 1909, a horse was stolen from Dorsey Campbell by Geo)ge 
French, who stopped at the house of a man named Jones in Pleasant 
townshij) and asked permission to rest himself and the horse for awhile. 
Jones did not like the appearance of things and communicated witli tlu 
sberifL' by telephone. A dejjuty went to Jones' place and placed French 
under arrest. He died shortly afterward in the hospital at Valparaiso. 
Before his death he stated that it was his intention to return the horse, 
having borrowed it witliout tlic owno-'s knowledge or pei'iuission, and 
many people believe such was the ease. Tlie incident, however, created 
considerable excitement among horse owners, and this excitement was in 
creased when, on October 25, 1909, a horse and buggy were taken from 
the Wrn of Peter Hoosline a)ul a horse from tlie barn of Charles Ohlfes[, 

rv, u,-> ;i:ii i»->'i '■^*'' <iiOJ'^^'i 

■' :;.„...... »..iT • ■■'—■' 

, , , , , ,.,i,'T ••?.• oil i '^'■'- - 




■ • .-. :'i iQ.i- 

., . :;,, ;,■.. .. 

, .,, .•.;.. vvv 

, il''l (' ' 

,.'..:: ■•■■■"■' ■■ '"' ' 

: '. "' ' . !). ■ 

.1 VLI' 




west of Valp iiaiso. The thieves wevo ii 
county and ii is supposed tiicy were b: 
was called at Die court-house iii ValparaiM 

4, 190'J, the c.ill spttiii?; forth that 'lu \J 
iug has l)eenme so frcqucut of late, it i" 
eveiy available Jiieaiis to cai^ture the 1' 
zation must appeal to all." 

The result of the rneetiug' was 1li' 
Horse Thief Association, which is still i' 
a rueiabershij-t of about 100, with a b 
county, whose duty it should be to mn < 
his toA\aiship upon the notice of a tlicfi 
a short time the inoiubersliip was in..-: 
the immediate danger was past many < : 
to pay their dues, until tlie uiembersl 
still remains. The officers in 1912 \. 
dent ; Gustaf K. Bornholt, .secretary ' ' 

On Hay 2G, 1881, a number of old ^ 
of George C. Buel, the occasion being Id 
birth, and some one suggested the fori> : 
tion. Accordingly Arlillus Y. Bartl! >'■ 
chairman and Firmin Church was cb' 
sion as to \\'hat constituted an old setlkr, 
had reached the age of forty-five a>ii! '■ 
or more in Porter countv should be • 
in the association. A committee i- 
an old settlers' meeting in Septcm!. : 

5. R. Bryant, Willia,m Henry, Azai i 
liain Stoddard, Stuari Ii. Spence)-.. '■ 
Josephus "Wolf, Nel.son Baruard, Isa< • 
zard Sheffield. The eommittce met f 

Ang rules and regulations for the gn'. ii • 
"1. AVe. the early settlers of Porir- .■ 

■ he 1 iun-oss the Hue into Luke 
I ji; .f- r Chicago. A meeting 
ioi ■ 1 ? a f teruoon of December 
:\v of Ihe fact that horse sleal- 
1 , all horse owners to use 
:'- .; advantage of organi- 

r'-.-'-ii/atiou of another Anti 

n islence. It started off with 

• each toviTiship of the 

..■ i assemble the members of 

■ : ■ . ill the county. Within 

'■ • r, -,■,!■ 20(1, but as soon as 

. ir.-x interest and neglected 

' io abont 100, where it 

.-,!:V! C. Alexander, prcsi- 

V Horn, treasurer. 

.-, .i\.-,v'iribled at the residence 

• s''\eiitieth anniversary of his 

i'.vM of an okl settlers associa- 

• "■ was called upon to act as 

■ .iflary. After some discus- 
I •\\ -s decided that any one who 

■ ■ ide>l for twenty-five years 
■ ,1^' . ligible for membership 
•■ ■'.;;;il'''te arrangements for 
.:W|).!iii(<'d. It consisted of 
■.■;,,.. 'roa!ii;-er Frame, AVil- 
ir.':-'r;iaii, John Hansford, 

: <;. Sweeney and Haz- 

' !;d opted the foil ow- 

. <• ,' ill' i!v riRsociation : 

,.,!■!>■. v. ill iiold social meetings 

•j>li}J i> Mr :-i i| ■ ,!.( ^-: u 
■jiii)-:.'..!!' ;•. .. 

•0<T '.in vr 

fl .'».'r. 

.1.1 V ii jqi. 

. I L' t ; ( I. ' ' 

fl , .f'- .■)' 



at such times iiud plaofs ;:s our executive comaiiite i may dcsigiiato, to 
1k" called Old Settlers" Meetings. 

"2. That our niectiu,L;s may be conilucted with o;'dei' and iu'0j)ncty, 
■we will annually elect a President, .Secretary, Trea.surev, and oju- Vice- 
President from each towjiship, who shall perforju lii' duties usually re- 
([uired of such officers for a term of one year, or i;; dl their successors 
are elected. ■; 

"o. The President. Secretary and Treasurer shall be au Executive 
Committee, Avitli jjower to make such, rules and regu: iions as they may 
deem necessary and proper, to cairmce.tiujfs and .ircud to such busi- 
ness generally as will promote the objects of the ass(.>i'i;ition. 

"4. Our 2ueetings, except wlien otherM'ise diici:', il by the executive 
comiuittee, to bi; of the piniic order, each member i^; ing such j'efresh- 
ments as tlio.>' may deem .suitable for the occasion. 

"5. All persojis over forty-five j'ears of age, ajnl . ]io were residents 
of Porter county twenty-five years or more previous o the 1st of July, 
1881, and now citizens of the county, shall, by sigiiin-- 'hese rules, become 
members of the association during good behavior aii''. with their chil- 
dren, enjiiy all its benefits. 

"6. Our first general meeting shall be held on ihe public scpiarc 
at Valparaiso, the 17th day of September, 1881, at 10 o'clock, A. M., 
at which time our first board of officers shall be elected 

Pursuant to the arrangements of the committee, h iarge number of 
old settlers met on September 17th aud passed the rue until noon in 
relating reminiscences of early days. Dinner was tin ■ served upon the 
public square to more than 500 people. At two o'ck^ri. in the afternoon 
Azariah Freeman called the }neeting to order, prayer \\:r-: offered by Hev. 
W. J. Forbes, a)id Mayor Skinner made a short adrli ., welcoming Ihc 
pioneer men and women and extending to them the ' idtalities of ihe 
city. This was followed by short speeches bj-- ilark 1. i)e ]\rotte, Jesse 
Johnston, Kev. G. M. Boyd, William MeCool, Russili iJohoon, George 
C. Moi-gan, S. P. IJobbins, David Merriman, Nelson ihn • ird, A. V. liar- 
tholomew, Kev. W. J. Forbes and others, old-fashioned .-J.uigs being inlm-- 

KKj U'i:'';"'i MM / 

,.^i, ,;, 7wit M I'l 

i,io-( t'/iJii^'"''" 

,in'!-. HI ;:i->' '" 

,1. tl.Kiiii 

iN : '^- ■•- 

... i-\ .Ih.!- ,:;;T(i'^-' 

V ,i.'.,-; !->i' -' 

<V,.l I'v''- '.'-^ll 

1,..,, ,/.. -... ;-;' '-i^"^ 

I , , ' • /■■ 


sjK'i-sed l)i't vecn llic adrcsses. Next camo tlic elect ion ol' officers. A. V. 
];artliolomc->\- was choson in-esideiU; Reason Jiell, seereliii-y; and llie M- 
lowing viff-presldents wero elected for the sexcriil I'^nsliips : T. C. 
►Sweeney, Boone; William J. Forbes, Center; Xelsnn I'.nrnMrd, Jackson; 
William tlcniy, Sr., Liberty; Elias Cain, Moreaii; ^;atnnel Ilackctt, 
Pine; Simeon Withani, Pleasant; William iieCool, Porlaf^e; Ira Cornell, 
Porter; Isaac Hardesty, Union; Charles R. Luliier, Washington; and 
George ]\Iorgan, Westchester. 

The second annnal meeting ut' the association was Iield in Sej)tember, 
1882, when A. V. Bartholomew called the n\ectiiig lo order and tho 
invocation was offered In' Rev. Robert Beer, pastor of thi' Presbyterian 
<-lnirch. ]Mayoi- T. G. Lytic delivered an address cf welcome, and 
speeches were made by Rev. G. 'M. Boyd, John niiiisrui<l, S. W. Smith, 
Hiram Loomis, S. P. Robbius, Rev. W. J. Forbes and \. S. Fairchild. 
Hubbard Hunt read a list of old settlers who had died within recent 
years, and npoii iiiotio)i of ^fayor Lytle the old officer.-i weii' all rci'lected 
for another year. 

greetings were held by the association annua ll.\- for several years 
Ijut as the old settlers M'erc cnt off by the nnrelcnlless hand of death 
interest in the meetings tlecreased and the association, iinally passed 
into history. ^'An old settlers' association was also drgaiiized at Hebron 
and a rnimber of interesting meetings were held by Die pioneers of the 
sontheru ])art of the county. But, like the association at Valparaiso, 
as the old men and women died off their deseendaids lost interest and the 
meetings were discontinued. 

Of till' secret orders, the JMa.souic fraternit}- was the (ii'st to organize 
a lodge in Porter county. In IMay, 1842, a meelin;; was licld at the house 
of Adam S. Campbell for the purpose of lormir,:' a lodge. There were 
present at that meeting Arthur Buel, Adam S. Campbell, William K. 
Talbott, John E. Harris, James Luther and Jonatlian (Irifiin. Arthur 
Buel iD-esided and AVilliam K. Talbott acted il^ seerelary. The following 
resolution^ifjvere adopted : 

"1. That we fortlnvith ajiply to the Orniid r.e.dge of the State of 

7 ./ r-('j'.jfi., ii -,(',,1 '.u iintrj U-.'.' ,•:•>!•> -ibi 
!i ' ' ...! f ! Ill ' •/•■ .;' ■ ' '!,,•: ij.i " ..( (f,c>(ir ' 

:j .'!"■ ::-i'-'yn': ■■■ ■■. - ■■„ ,.ii . /!■... ^i . 

.-■';■• - \.. f'lVl ..:.i:-' ^ ., ,1,; ■■. 

';-.-■..■■ ■■.^.'' I/- .,1.^:1',.'.'' • :. ■ '■: r,::!;(.; i(o'.:i 

r< JclTf V-;! ,'1, 

.' ■/ .':■ ; l|-<.' ; ' 'I- 

i ^f'iM^. 'I'i'Hifrd-i ,-,7 ,;,i; 1 ,r 


Iudia)ia Jor a dispeusatiou to trausact Imsiin'Ks as a regular loJgc '>r 
F. & A. York Masons by the title of Porter Lo-^c;. 

"2. That bretlireii A. S. Campbell and Jol)i> E Harris be a couuDitice 
to visit Uie lodge at Laporte aud proenre their vee'immendation. 

"3. That brother John E. Harris be. roeonimend' d as W. M., brother 
A. S. Campbell as S. W., brother A. J-5uel i(<i J. W., James as 
treasurer and W. K. Talbott as secretary. ' -■ 

"4. That brothers Talbott, Luthei- in!-! (.^iiriiii draft by-laws nad 
present tlieru for our examination." 

The iiieBting- tlien adjourned to inecl .'il liie • all of the,\vorj;hipful 
mast(!j-. On Jujie 6, 1842, the lodge ii,i.l foi' ll;- lirsl-, time nnd<T dis- 
pensation and the otiieers were installed by TlMiias T). Lemon, deputy 
j,a'and master. The by-laws adopted fi>;ed 1he fe'.s at !^10 for the first 
degree; $2 for the second, $3 for the thitd, aisd fct- admission on dimit 
from anotlier lodye, $2. E. C. Abbott was ilic lirst representative to 
the grand lodge, with instructions to apply ior a cljarfci'. The charter 
granted to this lodge was dated May 24, 1843, and ihc last meeting of 
which there is any record Avas held in May, 1841. 

Porter county was then without a ilasonie lodtic I'lir six years. On 
June 25, 1850, a disijeusation to organi/r a jiuhre ui A^aljiaraiso was 
granted by Elizur Doming', grand maslii-. TJu- el'liriis of the lodge 
und^' di.speusation were: George C. lUid. W. M.; .Vitliur IM. l^iuil, 
S. W. ; Isaac "W. Bovvinan, J. W. ; John Waik, ii'L'asurei-, and George Z. 
Salyer, secretary. On ilay 27, 1852, a cliai'ti i- u.k !iranted to the 
lodge as Porter Lodge, No. '137, F. & A. AL ' i-luirlej- Avas signed 
by Alexander C. Downey as grand master, 'flic riKirti'i. mcniliers of the 
lodge were (leorge C. lUicl, AV. M.; Isaac W, Itcwinaii, S. W. ; George 
Z. iSalyer, J. W. ; Jesse Johnston, treasuirr: .h.-. |.|i I'icrce, secretary; 
Oliver 1. .Skinner. S. D. ; Puchard Purge, .1. I).; i.-Mi X. .^kinner, til.r; 
N. S. Pairchild, Johji "Wood, John E. Harris. Andn'v llwi'p, and a few 
others. The officers inider the charter wci-l ih-i-diii in the pidilic 
squa7-e at A'alparaiso on -July 7, 1852, at wlii.I: linn;; Ibe charter vras 
delivered Ijy a representati\e of the grand Immlt. and siii^-c Unit time tlie 

,^i,. I •d.iM,.. i- ■■■■■' ■'' " 

, ,. ;; .-iifl-v 

.;,,; ir-:iJ •';^l' 

■i -•: Yiii '--■> 

iiisToin' OF ro[;Tj';K' (joilxty liiiu 

loci;-! lias had a, steady and substautinl growth, iiuiii))cTiiig- 233 mcuibers 
on .Ijiiuaiy J, 1912. At ouc time the lodge owned a liall on the norlh 
side ol' Main street, a short distance east of Washington, but the quartei's 
there became too small and in 1886 all the Masonic bodies in the city 
united in leasing the thiixl floor oli the Academy I31oek and fitting- it \ip 
for Masonic purposes. Subsequently the old hall was sold to the Modern 
Woodmen. The officers of Porter Lodge foi- 11)12 -were: Byron 11. 
Kinne, W. M.; Koblcy D. Blount, .S. W.; 0. L. Maxwell, J. W. ; Jolui H. 
Eoss, treasurer; Mark L. Dickov<'r, seeretai-v; Ray C. Yeoman, S. D. ; 
Beu.jamin F. Smith, J. I).; ("liuton Jones and 1). W. Blaelily, slewaiils; 
AVilliam D. I^Iarquart, tiler. 

'Die second j\las()iii<' lodgv in the county was organized at Chesterton, 
under a., dispensation dalcd ?ilarch 9, 18G8. On May 27, 1868, it received 
a charier as. Calumet Lodge Xo. 379, with George Eawson, W. M.: Beu- 
jaraiu Little, S. W. ; and John A. Harris, J. W. These three otFicers, 
with F. B. Coffin, John Thomas, Geoi-ge C. Collins, John C. Coulter, 
John B. Lindberg, L. B. Osborn and Abraham Fuller, constituted the 
charter members. In 1912 the lodge had eighty-four members, and the 
oflicers for that year were as follows : Joseph Mead, W. M. ; Cliai-les 
Pillinan, S. W. ; Charles Babcock, J. W. ; Iloi'ace I. Mannering, trea.s- 
urer; Adrian j\. Whitman, secretary; Victor Vandemplas, S. D., and 
William A. Wood, J. D. The regular meetings of the lodge are held 
on the second and fourth Wednesdays in each month in the II. F. 
Carlson Block. The early records of this lodge \\-ere destroyed by fire, 
hence it is impossible to get a complete history of its career. There was 
formerly a chapter of Royal Arch Masons .at Cliesterton, but it sur- 
rendered its charter in October, 1911, when tlie iiiembersliip Avas Irans- 
fcrred to the chapter at Yaliiaraiso. 

Evergreen Lodge, No. 403, F. & A. M., was organized at AYhrelcr 
on j\Iay 25, 1SG9, with Andrew J. Harrison as Avorshipful master; D. S. 
Cnrtis as senior warden, and Miller Shinabarger as junior warden. 
The following year a two story frame building, M'ith a hall on the 
second floor was purchased and in a short time it was fully paid for. 

:■'. HJ ;:•,'■) ;:;_:'; ^nn ,'t .• !,., .;,, 

r..i'' .-/If lU <'Mij,'l 'i-ii-..^ ;■»/;■ i; III. ;-|>*vi .,, |,.r: H.^ff, 

•'■':"- ^ .:■ ^ ' "''.■■ ^1..' -1,,: '.'.. :ui: O'r ■. , ■.-':. r' ,,^ 

■" ■''-■■ '- -.''■■■^:--^:- ..;. .;» ; V.' .X ^;,;:i ,■ ' ■,; ;ji_Jn;l . (/: 7, 
'' .• :-■■■ ,;-f ,0 ..',1 :-rrr^''<M , f7u>Kin ' >irKM :t 111.;;.: 

,f;f ,■. 

ui • // i. ,1.. .... 

• I :■•.■• 1(1 

r I ,ir . ,,(,. 

..)..., T 


•-■ :<"i\l. 


, ■^'U'ji:;. 

'// .A 1 

..:'^..f>f . 


'■ .;i 1 ■ 

->;(i'/ r. 

270 iiiST(,)i;y ')F roKTHi; ('M,_^!^ 

For severiil yeai"; tlie lodge cjiitmncd to OourlsJi \^llc■u it. met Vi'lLli vc 
verses, and in ]9'i() the duirte:- A\as svurcuderud. 

Hubrou Lodg'', No. 502, I'. & A. M., was org; iii/..'d under a dispen- 
sation dated Jvidc 9, 1S74. At the next meeting li tlic grand lodge - 
charter was granted and the lodge was regularly .!!.■, ilitUi'd on i\ray 2y, 
1875, with Lyman C. Dunn as worshipful raa-l'' ; Smuuel R. Tratt, 
senior warden; Lewis P., juuiiir wuT-dei! ; Willi, mi I\T. Nelson, 
senior deacon; Thomas V. liookwell, junior (■!ija<."H; ,S;n>iuel Irvin, sec- 
retary; John Skeltou, treasurer, and C. G. (,'arm::;i, tiler. The eight 
oiKcer.s, with John Bryant and John T). linltnii. .uuistiluted the leu 
charter menil)ers. Staled meetings are held on ti.e jijvt Alonday even- 
ings of each monlb. Hebreii Lodge has been Jar uiorr p!-o>^perous than 
the average lodge in a sinal: town. It ov/ns ,< i-Tib^tiiiitial Iwo-stoi'v 
brick building upon the main business street and has an <>nnual income 
of over !|;500, aside from the amounts collected p: dues and iuitia.tion 
fees. After twenty years its members are cxeinp. fioni Ihe payment 
of 'dues, exeejit tlie grand locige dues. At the !: 'niDiiiig of Ihe year 
1912, the lodge reported jiiurty members, with 'J;'- J'ollnw ing- officers: 
M. Earl Dinsmore, AV. M.; Roger H. Ba.tes, S. W . iMank Iv Nieliols, 
J. AV.; J. M. Jlorrow, S. D. ; Pranci.s E. Ling, -!. IX: :Melvin Foltz, 
treasurer; E. A. Edmonds, se^'retary; George I);p. !-, and Lee Morrow, 
stewq^rds; M. E. Nichols, tiler. There was once ,a Mit.-.' iiir, lodge at. Kouts, 
but the records are not available and its hister.v (■;:':;;(;.( be leaiaied. 

Valparaiso Chajiter, No. 7'', Eoyal Arch .Masi.-. i-eeflvcd its dis- 
pensation from the Indiana Oi-and Chapter on No/cmliui- 8, 1869, and 
was organized by AA^illiam Hacker, past grand Le.-li priest, M'iih the 
following officers: -Tohn Easoii, H. T. ; M. L. IMrC^ liand, L'. ; .■\lbert 
E. Letts, S. ; T. 11. (ioidd. ('. II.; R. C. Wadgc, I' .--;.: Kenl. I'eitx,, K. 
A. 0.; Joseph Steintield, G. ^L :)d V.; AVilliaiu F. .iiii, C .M. 2iid Y. ; 
L. C. Poineroy, G. .M. 1st Y.; ^^. R. Bryant, tr.asi,:-. i-; 1),,., .\. Salycr, 
secretary; David llughart, guard. The charirr i:-, i1.i1,m| (Scldb.T 20, 
1870, and is signed by II. G. llazelrigg, who at H; i! liii.e wj.s grand 
liigli priest. On -lanuai'y 1, 11)12, the member.^liip \vas Id'!. Regidar 

,, J,, .l.l,,J:i Jl'.'.'ll >ll' 

,, ; • ■■... -^ •!■'' Mnl:i 

,;> ') t):i.' ■•; 


,, • •.'/■ .1- 


{ '.;,■,.' I ; /;• iJ.'.iTi;}-.-! 
i. ,,') i:-ii'iq I'vi'' 


1 1,1 i.v ■- ;ire }i .''l ou t!ie third Tlwrsday of ca'-h month iu t!ic i\Iasoiiii'. 

1 '1! the Acjalcmy IBIoclc. Tlie oflicers l!or ir;i2 wero: Rolilcy ]). 

jiloviji, H. P.: (Ivrou H. Kinne, Iv. ; Clarence- Stockmau, S. ; William 

II. Wiiliams. C. R. ; Leonard Maxwell, E. A. 0. ; Orris Booth, P. S. ; 

11 H. Ross, treasurer; Mark L. Dickover. s(!crctary; William F. 

rer, G. M. 3d Y.-. Benjaniiii V\ Smitli. <;. ^I. 2ijJ V.; Jaiucw D. 

; itt, G-. M. 1st v.; William I>. .Jarquart, 'niard. 

X'al'^araiso Commandcry, No. 2S, Knights Templars, was oi'ganized 
r a disi-)eiisation dated J\Iay 11, 1876. The charter is dated April 
1877, and hoav.s the signature of Ervilla B. Bishop, grand corn- 
ier. The first oftieei's of the eommandery \vere : John Eason, E. C. ; 
ou Pierce, Gen.; James M. .McGill, C. G.; P. F. B. Coffin, prelate; 
,!. hu D. Wilson, S. W.; Samuel A. Campbell, J. W.; S. R. Bryant, treas- 
urer; Albert -E. Ijetts, recorder; .lolm McConaiek, St. B.; R. C. AVadge, 
B.; Slarqvds L. jWcClelland. warden; VUen R. Nichols, sentinel, 
iull was leased on the third iloor at tlu; northwest corner of Main 
Lafayette streets, 'where- regular meetiu',-. \vere held until the build- 
was destroyed by fire in January, 1886, ;iud soon al'ler the fire the 
■aandery took up its quarters in the Aendcmy Block, where the reg- 
ular meetings are now held on ibe seeojitl Thursday evening of each 
mouth. On Jfrtiuary 1, 1912, tiic commandii-y rejjorted 105 members, 
and the ofYieers for l'M2 were as follows: -l<ibu 11. Ross, E. C; Addi- 
.son N. AVorstell, Gen.: Byron 11. Kinne, (J. G.; Jonatlian Osborn, prel- 
ate; Edmund AV. Chafl'ee, S. W. ; Clarenci; Stockman, J. W. ; Fred. M. 
Liuder. St. B. ; John Carson, S\\ B.-; Willi;ii.i F. Lederer, warder; A¥il- 
liam 11. Williams, treasurer; .Mark L. Di'l:v)ver, recorder; .^indrew J. 
Zorn, sentinel. 

On ATiiy .S.-.IMIO, a number nC .\lasons gut logether in Valparaiso and 
look the i>reliminary steps for uie orgaiu/.iliou of a council of Royal 
and Select Masters. A dispeus:dion, dat^d .May 14, 1910, Avas seciuxd 
iVoiu the grand coniieil, and on October V.). 1910, the organization re- 
ceived a charter as Valparaiso Council, 'S'k 86. Tlic diartcr members 
"■'■•■ William TI. "Williams, Syl^aIlUs J. Siiinutei', Joscpli C. Cai'sou, ITo- 

: -w. ::r:i ,..■ ,;.,„■;, ■ .,„.,;,.■ .^.,.,, ,^^ _^, 

I ; ; .. , ) 

21- HISTOi:\ OF roBTSR co^?:T^- 

l)art J5. Iliijd 11, Daniel Joloislon, 'Marl: L. Dicko. ■-. [l-h\o\ D. Bloimt, 
Oha. les S. Aruold, E. G. (.\s).oi'ue, Hcn.uux A. Bo luk , .foliu Ji. Ross, R. 
.r. i'^itriH.', Vv?(]. M. LiiKhiev, Hem-j B. Kiu):(..'.. hnn. s 1). JIoUgH. 
Charles D. Jiuivs and JoIh; E. Grotli. '"ii'ly-oDe tw. 't e^: uerc- irported 
on January 1. 1912, at whirh time thv '-fieers oi ■ . ;: "ri! \veiv: Wil- 
iiaiii. H. AYilliains. T. I. ^\-, Jouatliiui Osboru, j:. ' ]•. M.: liyron H. 
Kintio, I. P. C. W.; Addison N. Worst, 11, C. of ('.. '■ i; i-mho Sf-H-kuiaii, 
C ol" 0. : j\Iark L. Diekover, recorder; John li. l\ -.■•. t:-i';;j-ti;; Kalp!: 
A. Alillfiv, Sentinel. 

Chapters of the Order uf the Eastern Star--L i:.<!ies.' <lo;j;ree of 
Slas'onry — have been organized at ITeliron, Valp.i !...-■..• aiu! (''i!'. :-:rerton, 
ill the order r'amed. Sprin-'T Baker Ciiapter, Ni^. '':. al IKJaviu was 
organized on Ain-il 28, IH'.VJ.. with Ihirtv .-harter i;!i- •■; : ;;; wit: Currio 
]i. Haker, Jane Sampson, ^rinnie Nels'.'ii, Lavina 1' -'r';.. Jdl!.;.! -I', i'oat- 
tie, M. J. Stinelifield, Piioo))-' Stinehiicla, Carrie i; •iul.l^aid. ^^ 
Kenny, L. P. Scott, George C. Gregg-. Jennie Greg ,' \l. S iveiuiy, Anna 
Carson, Ploi'a P>aker, John L. Baker, Cieorge V. '■ --. .1. jM. Moito.v, 
Nettie C. :\riM-i-ow, ::\Tatlie Nichols, S. -", .Melntyr.' II. W. K^nny ; J. hi 
Carson, Janie Carson, Maggie C. Adaiii>. Jolm C;.i ■■:. Ah.s, S. L. Kith- 
eart. AYilliaiu C Nichols, ]). A. Fish' i .-.nd Mrs. i;. L. I 'ish. !■. Citrrio 
li. Ihibbard A\as the first worthy matron; Geor; . ' '. (is egg, llie iirst 
wortliy patron; Anna Carson, the first, associate i ■;iivMi, iuul J'iiOL.bc 
Stinelifield, the secretary. Regular meetings ;<'■ liehl en ihi s^'voiid 
and fourth Tuesdays of each montli. In 1912 !, ■ e'l.nil' r jep'iii'J 
ninety-tive inetnbers, with the folhn>!i g officers: iil'ui'-he Oihsi.i ,; e, 
worthy mati'uii; J. 31. IMorrow, worthy j'atron; Li;:'-- ■■■i-,, i,s-,i''e: e 
matron; Kate M. Myers, s-eretary: C'>rrie Niclx ' U--. -iirer, Mjh- ',■ 
Nichols, eonductrcss; Nettie Morrcv.. associate . ...!i- i, ■•-,>: .i<\ . • ■ 
(iregg, chaplain; Blanche i'athburn, Au^ih; Emma ''■:,:: i'>^'^. Kuit ; >,'.■.,: 
Niebols, Esther; Fay Nielmls, Martha; Christine |..<i.i,.>, illeCSa; I..,;-a 
Myers, warder; James Caison, scntiiirl, Neva Gi-,';. ; . ■>! g.-iiii::,!.. 

Valparaiso Chapter, No. 164, Or." v of the I' ■■-n Star, w.>:, <:,■ 
yaiiized on -iannai'y 4, If^!)-"), by L. P. ."M.-ott, of i' ':•;;. a! M 

>••» h' 


'; .' • ,..7' 

.1. .i'. -'It 

.! ..; .■■■a 

I, ■-: ..•[? -,. 

, ,.; ;,.tjii 

'til'. . ■•.!,.■,.,,./ ,;^;.. r,/ 
■-/,, ,,i.l. ,■,. IV. Ml,,;; 

HISTORY 01' rOirrivU (.OUNTV "i?;-! 

I'Uty gj.'iid patrou. , Thi cli.irtei- me i^'t •■•.- Mrs. Kate Aginjw, 
^Irs. Sauiiinlha Patrick. ^Irs. Charloii, C ■n iparl<cr, Mrs. Magfjrie Seg- 
rnlali). \\i.. .IcKsip Arvin ^]:r. Julia I:,'-, ., -..Is, ih-s. ricllc Kock, ^Mrs. 
EJi/aln-iiL .w-imIJ, :\[.-k. ,\1i('<' Wiivllc Mrs, vialinda I'alriclc. .Mrs. Cora 
Hi'iuxM-, .Mr?^. CaroliHc Pomero.v. I\lr.s. '^A■^■^■^ Vineeiit, JTi-s. Minnie Mauls- 
l)y, Jilis,s IMilii Pali-ick. :\lis.s Hr.tii. !■..,■,.<!,. .Miss Floivni'O TTigaius, M. 
L. ileCl> ' lul. K. V. .\ni,.l(l J. R.-k. .J: m .^ Edwards, F. X. Arvin, 
William S, ■•( -dahl, JC. I). ("janiiparl;> i. ■[. C, Carson and -1. IT. Patrick. 
'I'lir lirsl iii'licors of (lie <'liapt''r won s i'oIIdws: Kate .\^ni'w, wortliy 
lualroii: Josiiih C. Carson, woiiliy p- i .:.. Charlotte Crniii]iack('i'. asso- 
ciate inatro)!; ilinuie JMaul.sliy. scii';. . Malinda I'atriclc, Ireasnrcr; 
Florence Iliir.nvns. conductress; I!.:!'' F.-iMin, associate conducti'css. 
Eep'iilar meetings arc held ia llu- M ■■• ■;]■• 1;,.!! on llie .second and fourth 
^Fonday evenings of eacli nionlli. Tl.i- i-liapli-r lias jjrospercd from tbe 
start, and in i;i]2 liad :^)0f) niemlicis •!;'l slandiug. Since the organi- 
zation in 180"), eleven women liavc !,;•!.! the office of worthy matron, and 
the cliaplcr has hi'ci) honored h> i;Ciii;.: <.ii,' of its meinhers elected 
grand m.-itron of lli Indiana Cr.i •' Chaplci- -.Mrs. Paulina Summers, 
M'ho pi-esidcd in 1010. The officer-^ I'or 1|)1:; were: Enuna Starr, worthy 
matron; Ciarcnec Stockman, -worl!,;. pafcn; I\Iay Fentou, associate 
nialron; ilr^.^D. S. Jones, secrcli.y; Harriet Doyle, treasurer: Edna 
Sumnier.s. conductress; Berlic G. i'ch'iuan, associate eoncluctress. 

Earl.y in 1902 the wives and .'.inil'lci-.s of the members of Calumet 
Lodge, at Chesterton., became: int> ,• .^l.. d in a movement to organize an 
Ea.stern Star chaptei". .As a residl 'ri' Hair (IVorts, Chesterton Cha].)ter, 
No. 27-1, Awis instituled on April .. ; i'l.iil. \\ ith Etta Oshorn as worthy 
matron, njid I'.cKoy Hiildie. wo;lh> palron. Soon afler the cbajiter 
Avas estiibllshed Ihe recoi-ds were d'- 1 iMy>-d i.'v hre, whii'li niakes it im- 
j)0s.sihh: to olitaiu a cOiTect lisl . '' ■'■■■ 'JmCci members or the names of 
all Ihe Jii-st officers. In 1912 tiiei^ '■•■re T"'^ nK'mbers in good standing, 
■\vilh ihe following ofllcers: D(»n ' !, 'I'.ri. woitliy mati'on; Hallard A. 
FJ>'nn, worlhy pation; t'liarlci . 'i, ■,.!■! associale matron; Tennia 
Osborn, secretary: fallie ^Manneie- . i I'c: iirer : Eva C. ['"lynn. conduc- 

I !wi .: )v7 

274 IITSTOEV OF Poi; ri:i; county 

tress; Josie ]>)-owii, as.soci;ilc condnc'lrcss: Anna Ilagiins, (•haplaiii; 
Margaret Bnnnuutt. Adah: >vora Kitlrr. FutU; B. Wlntnian, Esther; 
Lmnie Kruusgrill. ]\Iartha ; Estella Otborn, l^lect-fi; A. A. Whiluian, 
marshal; liattie Roe, organist. 

Odd Fellowship had its origin in T"ii!;ini,d ahoat the beginning- of 
tlie Nineteenth i-ontury, though the lii;i' ;i'i(l phicc where the lodge 
was formed is not definitely ];no\vn. In' di legates from the several 
lodges around Jlanehester met and roinnid Die "Slanehester Unity of 
the ludepetuleut Order of Odd Fellows."" Some five or six years before 
that time a lodge Avas organized in New 'Yorh and another in Brooklyn 
by Solomon Chambers and his two sons, who had joined the order before 
leaving England. Both these lodges vien- sliuri dived, and it was not 
nnfij 1819 that the first lodge was firmly o-siablishod in Ihe Unilod Elates. 
That, lodge was organized at Baltinv.ire. .Maryhnid, liy Thomas Wildey 
and another Odd Fellow who eame from IC^ighmd in 181S. On February 
1, 1820, the Baltimore lodge received a eljartcr from the ]\lanchester 
Unity under the name of "Washington I^odge and Grand Lodge of 
Maryland aijd tlie United Slates of America," ^vhieh is I'ecogni/.cd in 
the history of the order as Ihe first loihj>' in tlie United' States. Some 
years later Ameriean Odd FeUowship s.Mird its eonneetion with the 
Jlanelrester Unity, and in 1879 the gi-^iml lodge adopted the name of 
"Sovereign Grand Lodge of the IndejH'iidcnt Oidi.'v of Odd Fellows." 

The first Odd Fellows lodge in I'ort.T coniiiy ^vas Cheipieuk Lodge, 
No. i)G, of Valparaiso, wliieh was instiliitrd on December 2, 1848, with 
Joseph Loraax as noble grand; E. I'dlis C;inij,1wdl, viee grand; John 
Dunning, secretary; Rol)ert C. Flint, Ireasurer, and William Harrison, 
inside guard. These men also constituted the charter mendiers of the 
lodge, having previously lahen the fi\c dc.m-ce.v o!' the ordei- at Lapoite. 
So far as ean be learned, the lodge fir.-,i im I in i'.yers' old fi'ame build- 
ing on South AVashingtou street, alimi! h' n lliii-ds nl' thc^ way from ]\lain 
to Indiana avenue. From there it renmxi'd in Ihc third door of the Salyer 
Block on West Main street, and later to Ihc ihinl tlooi' of the building on 
East Main, where Louis TToj-h's biiildii;- now stp.nds. Tlci'c. on August 

1. V...1/. 

■( ',J«n 


8U, 1859, thr lodge was burned out, losing evcryf hiir.r ■ - ; ' " sd, oT 
regalia, recently purchased at a cost of about $250. A I I'n X ivcmber 
sessiou of the grand lodge the following November an iipiniip ■ a ion was 
made sntificieul to enable the Valparaiso lodge to rei'onp i(-. 'm-. Meet- 
ings Avere then held in the county auditor's office nnlil tu' 1-ii. "■ '1 Imild- 
ing was restored, xvbcn the lodge was moved back 1.; il,> ol ' .iiiarU rs. 
A lew years later i1 was learned tliat thirly-liirec fcri oi -:■■ :.■.[ wiiere 
Lowenstiue's department store now stands,, on, Honfli I 'i'a;i!-iiii stroet, 
could be bought at a reasonable price. Tickets at fil'l.\ '■■o;: in b \\<'vi', 
issued by the lodge and sold to its nicuibcrs, and to ncii;- ■■. oT otiicr 
lodges, until the ]niiTliase priee — about $1,000 — \va- i.iiN-',: when the 
di'al was coii.'^innuiabMl and t'lieijueuk Lodge became ]k>s'-.. , ■ o! ;; lioioe 
of its own. ^V few years later the lodge \vas forced bi i',.i-^ ' . , .\ moi'i- 
gage \vbicb-it held on the property situated at w'hal is i^^, •>■).•! Cdn- 
laet a\'enuc. After Ibc foirclosure, tlic jn-opei'ly tbei'<' \' :i-n .■ '■'■ to a iMrs. 
r.rown and fbe ])rocccd.s used to erect a new building (Ui Vi-. ' i-iin siicet. 
This building was formally dedicated on .Vjtril 2f), Iss:; ' ;• ■•.•iTioonies 
being conducted by Hon. "Will Cumbaek, one of tbr ni" ■ i 
Odd Fellows in the stati.'. Visitors were present from l-:',!.i:r f-'.onib 
ISend, au(.l other ])oin1s. and llicy were unanimous in |m' ; ■ :. ■.•in;; the 
ne\\' ball oni- qf the finest in noi'liiern Indiana. Here tic lo.. < ..nliiue.-il 
1o meet until 100], when an op]ioHunit>' presented ilscli' |( ■ the lod.u.e 
to sell the pi'operty to good advantage. As there was soiue iri. l.l,ife(hi>,'ss 
against the building, the sale was made, and soon aff'M-.i a; ' llu' lodge 
bought the building k'liown as 1lie Opera House a! K;'.' '•■■.■;•: I ,\l;iiii 
street. About $10.0(10 were expeiulcd in j-riuodcling ih.^ ;,, ' ili!!',, :.ii(l 
here the lodse has siofc held its meetings. In July. 1' ■", ihc hi fur 
)-eported 11!) members, with the following- officers : J. Iv t'. .,ild. joble 
grand: Kdward Bell, vice grand; Leslie E. Lembke, mt; y : .Vii-iiil 
Uanistcr, li-casurm-. TIu'It j.s ,-dso aji i'neam|)menl an. I ., i ■■■';,- . ..j' \;,- 
bekahs at X'aipaj-aiso. At one time 1hei-e Mas a canton oi' il. I ';i( riai'd; < 
-\lilifa7il, but it has been diseontiinied. 

i\fagciita Lodge, Xo. L'S.S, 1 ndepeiidciit Ordo- of Odd 1-': ■. >. l„. ':■..{ 


li ; u.ri lii'l . I." ' '..'l 

! ;■ ! .^i hilt -.i't 'ji 

id >..' ',!(' ' f !.l ',•■:(: ■Til 

27*; 1UST0I{Y OK I'ni.Ti:/; COUNTY 

at AVhceler, was organized on >.'ir, i ii,!.,t 20. 18GT. \vi(li -losciiU Wolf, 
J)r. If. (Jrccii. Daniel Saunders, O'lcry. H'gii'r and Thoinas Stonix aN the 
lirsl. ofBccrH, but owing' to the al'si licc of tlie old n'covds it cannot be 
ascertained -wliat [losition tli(_'\ rl'spH^■;ivi■ly held. 'I'lie lodge j-eportcd 
thirty-six iiieinb(.'i-s in 1!)12, with \iu- i'o!lov,-ing otiticevs : C 0. Ihirge, 
noble grand; dolin TI. [leiniers, \ii% .;i-;:i'd; IJliarles I\lar(inai't, linaneial 
scereatry: II. \V. .\btio<t, rceordirg hvirer-iiy ; Jacob Ehlers, treasurer, 
lie.gidar juuetiugs are. held every S;.rtnrday evening. Althongli not- 
.strong in nnnibej's. Ilie lodge is one of rlii- strongest tinaiieially in the 
eonnty. Jt owns two bnihlings. th • lowi-r t'ooi-.s ol whieli arr,rrnti'd for 
niei-cantile pnri)'.)sr;;, the old lodge i,,,!! is noi\- used as a, i)ul.)lic hail an<.l 
baniinrt room. Avhile llie new hall, ie wJ!' -h t!ir; lodge incetiug.s are lield. 
is considered one of the best eqnji'p:'; m ilns section of the state. 

A ehaiMcr da1i-d Jnly, 19, JS.">.). grajitod to Chegeuiink l^odge, 
.\'o. ]61. Tiuleiien<lent Order of 0<ld ■■"elhe.^s, located at Chesterton, u-ith 
abont a dozen charter nK'n)bci-s. 1'''.m- (weeiy-tive years or more the 
lodge \vas apjiarently prosperous, owniie- pi'operty valued at some 
$1.5(10. Then the meetings ceased and Hie lodge lay dormant until 
April S. l!Mi,'), when it was reorgaiii-.i d. with ('harles 0. Seamans, 11. II. 
Williams, (horge If. AVilliams, A. II. P.oek-. Nathan Deinass, David Mv- 
IFeni-y, lOmil IJlatz, Alartin Young. ■'■■i\:n il. .Morgan, Josiah Castlemau 
and E. P. Schafer as chai'ter meie ''■■•.-:. Ti;e old ehartei- and number 
Avere restoi'ed and the i'ollowing ofli-ei's were elected: 11. TI. Williams, 
)joble grand: A. II. I'.oek, vice gi-^.nd: iieorge R. Williams, I'eeording 
aod fin;in(/ial seerela]'.\' ; Emil I'lai/,. 1 r! ;isnre'i'. Since the reorganization 
the lodge has Jiiade a steady gro-\' ih, and in l!.).i2 had lifty-five members 
in good standing. 'I'lie officers !< ; !!!|2 \vere: James L. Richardson, 
nolile grand: Albei'l C fh-eiger, \ ire • :iii>!; .Jcj'ry j\Iari|uarl, secretary; 
Ernest (1. Sclinei(Ur, treasui'cr. b'l.'idi.i ni^etings are lield every 
Monday evening. 

The yonngest Odd Fellows' h>.l:.. '\: If- county is Ivouts Lodge. Xo. 
822. which was inslituted on Feliiu„i,. 21. I'.MI.',. with I'^red Allhriglit 
as nolilc grand: AV. Cuinuugliam, \i'i i;ii.d; I). J. Faireliild. i-ecoviling 

iiisTOiJY OF roirn-ii; (Bounty -yr. 

secvetiiry; 11. G. AllliriglU, fiiiaiidnl .siterctary ; A. L. Aniolil. 1 1 . ...,;nvi-. 
These oflieers and the I'olhivviug named s^cutlt^iuen constituti'd tin- > .. ijicr 
iiK'iiihers: J. E. P. J)oihl, Oraiii.',f Briwi.'r, W. J. Audorson. S i'\>pT.>, 
r. W. .Johnson, (!. O. Lane, J. T. Caiiiiou, .). ]!. Frcshettc. ]1 ' . (!iir-_v- 
aiiek, C. L. Blood, J. .S. Johusoji, ^1, (!. Sno<lgrass, (.loorge SIhiIn. W. F. 
Arnold, F. W. iMijior, J. "\V. Spencer, Fzra Jones and Charli;"^ ■ (Jut.. 
Although the j'onngest iTaternal organiza-tion in Kouts, the lou t--. Hie 
strongest, both financially and in point o£ numbers. In 1912 lli ve 
fil'ly nieniher.s. AY. N. Anderson Avas al that time noble grai:;!, I'.. A. 
Kcinker, viee grand; 1?. S. lierhm, recording secretary; W. (.i^-iiiini;- 
ham, linaneial secretary; 1'. IX Noland, trea.surer. The rcguJ;.-- i!i"i-i- 
ijigs of the lodge are held weekly, on Tiivu'sday evenings. 

In ]S-j1 till.' ladies degree was established in councctioj; '•''• Odd' 
Fellowship. Alembers of this degree were originally kno\\'n . Daugh- 
ters of Rebekah, but in i-ecent years thej' adopted (1: ii.une of 
"Kebekahs." To this degree the wives, daughters and oth: i^'-uv fc- 
male relatives of Odd Fellows are eligible, and the Kebekal ''oivn an 
auxiliary to the lodge in charitable work, etc. 

The oldest Ilebekah lodge in Porter ccmnfy is Charity Lei: Xu ill, 
the charter of which is dated ^May 17, LSTl, and signed b.\ •.. II. I'.- 
"Wolf as gi'and nnistei' and 10. 11. Barry as grand secretary. (Ji I'liv li,,!;- 
the charier members were: .Milan Cornell, Cordelia F. Cori, M. AllV.'d 
Kellogg, J. B. Kellogg. Edna L. AVhiteomb, E. M. While .mJ., II. A. 
T^plhegi-ove, Airs. II. A. Fjif licgroA-e, .Vzariali Freeman. A !■'! c, i.cie 
i;. Bell, .Ir., Adelia B.'ll, J. .\. I'.radley. Mrs. J. N. Bj'adlcy. C ■;.!-■ Nirh 
Olson, Clarinda Xicliolson, T. T. Alaulsby, Airs. T. T. Alan: >, ,\:,il),n! 
Coi)pock, Airs. Xalhan Co|ipoek. Oji July ]. It)l2, Ihe lod;.- ■■ ^ r-r;,.! ;, 
memliei'slii|) of 172, «ilh the rollowing officers: Ijydia Bo' . '• .'( imMi 
gi-and: Alai-y Olds, vice gi-and : Alaude Harris, correspondii ■•■■. iitv; 
-Mina, Ilrssei-, linancial secretary; ^Vnna Dean, treasurer. 

llypalia lieliekah Lodge, No. -ID2, was or.ganized at AA^i. ; eu .?;:.. j - 
Icuibcr 2-"), ISII."). A\i(h the following charter meudjcrs: Ai! . •<:;■, floxei 
Ala.ria C. lioyce, AVilliani Eilioll, Alary ElliotI, Joseph B •■.. .\b,i-i:;,, 


l-i ^ ..<(. 


11 1, STORY 01 ■ 

U ( orxTV 

Barnes, Charles Walsh, Lavitui. \\:i!^" I;. 1\. .luhiistoii, Murv A. Joha- 
ston. In the organization of tli" l '':..',- Mn- .\ aiia. ('. Boyee was eliosen 
the tlrst noble grand; Lavijia \V,- U!,. \ie( ^imihJ; J\Iary A. Johnston, 
seeretar.y and .Martha Barnes, lnM.Miror, The i.,ul,!<e was instituted by 
P. A. Marquart, of Valparaiso, wli-) ^■•a^ al tliat time district deputy. 
The gi-owth of the lodge has '.'.■: i .;■(.'■, and in 1912 it had a mem- 
bership of fifty-three. The oflin :•:■ \r H)I2 w (•;■:•; Mrs. Bessie V. Dob- 
bins, [y^fit noble grand: Mrs. yhiy Tai^oe.k, noirf- grand; Miss Grace 
(ifilt, viee grand; Mish Uhzq] .M::,^, ::.!•:, . (ht; - ru.nding secretary; "Miss 
Oraee Johnston, financial secre;..!\ , .\lis. -losic Marquart, Veasurer. 
Kegular meetings arc held on t:;.. ,,:-!. fhird and iifth Wednesdays of 
eacli month. 

Oil July 3, 1905, .:\Iiriatu il. 
Kouls with sixty-thr'''C ehartr; 
1-cttie Tiir)ier, iiolih' graJid; >Sai 
ett. financial secretary; Keim 
1\larie Pierce, treasui'er. The \\"' 
Rcbeknh Lodge, of Valparaiso. 


, N't. (191, was instituted at 
lil.i till' followijl.t;- officers: 
c- i^r.-.iid: Kathar'inc Tlot-k- 
( ■i!':.:;iigli:;i'i. recording s('crcta)-y: 
'■r ijisi.iir.'.iie.; was done by Chaxity 
Irr th. direction of C. M. Mackay, 
dislrict deputj- grand tnaster, vwl l!ic yrowtli been steady from the 
date of its organization. 

Phoebe Rebekah Lodge, No. TH'i. \<>i-::l' d ;if ('In -.iertou. was organized 

on March 15, 1907, with Edith I 
N-ice grand ; Nellie Sherwood, rc^' 
financial scci-ctary. In addilii.n 
charter meud)ers: ^\. 11. Boi-k. < 
Benson, Lovina Demass, Charl.',- 
Beatrice Harper, IMyrtle and I'M- 
grill, William and :\1.\ lilc Laic ; n 
Monical, Anna Mimical, (irac i' 
licglcin, Cora Slc])hens, Mai'lli.i ■< 
Stei)hciis, Calvin and M,-iggir :- 
Lulu Seymour. John and Tlin^ '■ 
])orted a mcmber.shii) of si.\f.v-.- ■ 

n-,K as n..!ilc • 
irdi:ig s( m-clii!' 

i(. Ihl-.SC (iffii-C 
...-IrS lla>i,.!!d 


and; Bertha Lahayn, 
. and jMabel Pelham, 
;. tiie following wci-e 
r. Ida Blachlv, Te.ssie 

!iai:i>, M 


Uaiti- Fuller, Lillie Hope, 
lia i^'ma,ss, Clyde Kraus- 
■■.. .b/rry ]\larquart, Nora 
'Ji'i. k, Emma aJid Louis 
;. 1. .Vugusta nnd Jo.scpli 
:^:iiini, Emma Sch;d'cr, 
ill 1912 the lodge rc- 
':•■■ 'i;igs are held on the 

, , I . ■7;-: 

-■■' (,-. - f: ,.; .lu \:- 
' ; •■■■ 1 \ -. •) 

It-...-. ■:.{■ 

HISTUKV OF rOil'J'EJi COi'N'TY ' ' '• 27'.) 

second and IoiitIIi Tluirsdiiys of car-h montli ii. ilii: Odd Fellows' liall- 
The officers for 1912 were: Tessie Benson, noble grand; Merle Shauer, 
vice grand; jMartlia, Shaiier, secretary; ('oral IJichardson, treasurer. 

Five government oki-ks — Justus II. Katlihciir, ^Yillialll H. Burnett, 
David L. Burnett, Edward S. Kimball and Robert A. Champion- 
met in a small room in Washington, D. C, Fcliruary,15, 1864, and listened 
to a ritual wliidi had been prepared by Mr. Ivalhboue as the basis of a 
new fi-aternal society. This ritual, whicli was adopted by the five 
)ucn, was founded upon the drama of Damon and Pythias, and it was 
proposed to eall tlie new order of the Knights of Pyfhias. On the 19th, 
four days after the first meeting, Washington T^odge, No. 1, Knights of 
I'ytliias, was instituled. Franldin Lodge, Ko. 2, was organized soon 
aft(."rward, and on 8, 1801, a grand lodge was established at 
Wa.shington. ' At that time the eountry M'as in the throes of eivil 
war and for a time the order did not make nmch headway. On Aug- 
ust 1, 186,^), FraJiklin Lodge was the only one iu existence. Then came 
a, period of prosperity and during the next ten years the new order 
had found a footin- in nearly every northern and western stale. 

Valparaiso Lodge, No. 181, Knights of Pythias, was instituted on 
March 7, 1888, by Past (Irand (,'hancellor IT. TI. Francis, of ilichigan 
Cily, with twtJjty^hree charter members, to wit : Henry Z. Caswell, 
P. C. ; A. D. Bartholomew, C. C. ; E. V. Arnold, V. C. ; H. J. Upthegrove, 
P,cl.; Ceorge S. Haste, ^L of F. ; Seth Eason, M. of E.; E. E. Droon, 
K. of Pv. and S.; ,1. TL Arnold, M. of A.: James McNay, I. G. ; E. V. 
Willits, 0. C, and W. U. Gardner, G. F. f^ales, A. P. TIeineman, G. H. 
Sweet, George nanhinson, C. N Thomas, 11. B. Brown, F. A. Vroman, 
.]. U. Pagin, John W. Elam, .James G. Pomeroy, J. W. :\lcClelland and 
C. S. Douglas. The lodge has been fairly prosperous ami has a nice hall 
on the south side of Indiana avenue, betwc n Washington and Lafayette 
streets, whore regular meetings are held v:very Monday evening. In 
1912 there were seventy-nine members and the officers of the lodge at 
that time were: Alvin C. (Carpenter, C. C. : Joseph Wilgen, Y. C. ; Wil- 
liam S. Lindall, Pre!.; A. II. Beading, M. of W.; Mark B. Rockwell, K. 

. i c; 1 1 1 

>■' I 'f ■,.( 



of R. and S.; G. E.Boniholt, 1S\. of P.; Cliarles 11. De Witt, M. of (1: 
F. L. Faley, M. at A.; Jolin AY. McNay, AY. B. Wasser and W. F. Ellis, 

Hebron Lodge, No. 405, Knights of r.ytliias, was organized on Aug- 
ust 2, 1894, when the following officers were installed: C. A. Childs, 
C. C. ; B. F. Nichols, V. C. ; F. S. Parmore, M. at A. ; Hale Bates, Prel. ; 
H. J. Sheldon, K. of R. and S. ; Henry Hogan, M. of E. ; J. R. Wilson, 
M. of P. In addition to the above officers, there were thirty-four charter 
members, namely: George C. Gregg, C. E. Lewis, John Carson, John 
Foster, J. S. Nelson, E. Y. Pratt, A. J. Case, R. S. Kenny, G. E. Richard- 
son, B. Leeman, M. J. Stiuchfield, W. L. Ralston, W. J. Jliiliuex, F. 
Hawbrook, D. W. Root, F. Puller, B. J. Edwards, H. Doyle, J, (i. 
Smith, L. P. Scott, J. M. Fredericks, George Berdine, John Doyle, D. T. 
Dilley, 0. II. Tredway, J. E. Carson, W. T. Wilson, George Margison, W. 
H. Wilson, K. B. Hubbard, S. H. Adams, Charles Kithcart, M. J. Brown 
and Edward Sigler. The lodge at Hebron is the strongest Knights of Pyth- 
ias lodge in the county, having 134 menibers in 1912, at which time the 
officers were as follows : J. R. Wilson, C. C. ; James Love, V. C ; E. 0. 
Bagley, Prel. ; P. E. Ayleswortli, M. of W. ; L. S. Biyant, K. of R. and 
S. ; E. T. Wells, M. of P. ; W^ J. Mulinex, 31. of E. ; A. C. Ross, AI. at A. ; 
Ira Miller, I. G. ; Clark AValton, 0. G. ; J. D. McAlpin, S. 11. Adams and 
Jacob Wright, trustees. The regular meetings are. held on Thursday 
evening of each week. 

Thirty-four men assembled in a hall at Chesterton on Jlonday even- 
ing, May 25, 1896, and were -organized into a lodge of the Knights of 
Pythias, known as Cliesterton Lodge, No. 442. At that meeting the fol- 
lowing officers were installed: A. J. Hazelton, C. C. ; C. L. Burgess, 
V. C; A. E. Greene, Prel.; C. W. Powers, M. of W.;.E. W. Hawes, K. 
of R. and S. ; P. A. Johnson, M. of E. ; C. L. Ilaslett, M. of P. ; T. J. 
Johnson, M. at A.; George E. Doke, I. G. ; Arthur 0. Peterson, 0. G.; 
Besides these officers the following were enrolled as charter members: 
H. C. Weston, Charles E. Ilillstrom, J. P. Thompson, I^mil Zimmerman, 
Walter J. Soper, A. J. Brooker, B. J. Callahan, Edward Gustafson, R. 

,;y ■.•!■.! 

;i ..•rj:.iflo vol! 

,|, ot (foinS.;.^ ai M 'to .M 

!J^i.!ird .7,'- 'b'on/bKh;^ .1, .!A -Mai.:.J -a .rio« 

•M .>' 

niST<'n?v OP I'oin; :; < •' ty -jhi 

C. Hubbard, Fj'aiik E. l^biason, J. A. -ji-Imio^.i, J.l.n Stephens, W.ilter 
W. "Wan f n, H. L. Rugglcs, A. J. l'>ows('i', ?• ;ai c -I .f'lhiison, 0. J. Camp- 
bell, B. M. Wise, Harry T?og-ex's, W. C S rv i-i li. J. Gotiuis, C. H. 
Rosenqiiist, Fraiik H, Broekinillcr iuul .', (i;' II. Hardiiif;: Weekly 
}neotiiigs are lield Monday cveiiiDg. lu i!il2 iin' indue rejioiinl a iiicni- 
bership ui' Mxty-five, -wilh Albert Swai^.i,:, ''. .. Sa)d'o)-d Cnlberlsou, 
V. C; C. n. Harvil, Prel.; H. A. FJynn. M. *.: ■■'.■.; Arllnii- O. Peter- 
son, K. of R. and S.; Roy C. Hubbard, ^L of i<'.: C L. Haslett, M. of B.; 
John Pillman, I\l. at A.; P. E. Johnson. V. t'... ; n.i Carl Beilhavz, 0. G. 

As in tlio ease of the Freemasons i)])i\ 0<\[ ''Yllows, the Knights of 
Pythias have a degree to which tlieir ' ivc.s^ ^ is, and daughters arc 
eligible. Tliis degree is known as the V'; th-; n : i.sters and the organi- 
zations are ealled temples instead of !■: l:-.^ >;. I.i^ i'urter county there is 
but one society of the Pythian Sisters— Tieljro.M "'..mple, No. 3G7. It was 
organized on January 25, 1910, -with f. !y-i ,: barter niembei-s. The 
regular meetings are held on the firs! and tl:i: 1 Wednesdays of each 
month. In 1912 the nieiubersliip was ■, M'nly-' • vn, and the officers at 
that time were as follows: Jetta Ayl< '^.-irt.!. !>.:4 chief; Uiantha Rice, 
most excellent chief; Florence E. Il:iMiil(,!ii. ■ .\cellent senior; Marj' 
Sweeney, excellent juuioi-, Emma Ross, nuui...' ■ ' : Sara Ileudei'sou, pro- 
tector; Mai-y Msfrgison, oiiter guard; S.-ira Mi'.'vii'in, mistress of records 
and correspondence; Rnliy Wells, niJstr,-s itl' linjinee. : ,; ,, : 

Tlie (irand Army of the Republic, an -.• . .-iJ/,ation of veteran sol- 
diers and sailors who served in the I'lUfOi ;: ^ :, during the Civil Avar, 
was fduiiiLd early in Ihc year 1866 li\ llr. l\ V. Stephenson and Rev. 
AV. J. Kuddlph, of iniiKiis, the |h.-.i ]\:\':- been organized at De- 
ealur, Illii.ois, April 6, 1866, and 1'" !t!>1 m, lujiial encainpinent was 
held al Ti , 'i.inapoli.s. Indiana,, bepitnn:-^:^ '<•■■ i^ 20tb of lli" following 
Xovenilici-. The niollo of the order is " i-'r,iir, ■■'';.'. Coinineiiioralioa and 
Assistance."' Its objects are lo aid Hi-' wi-'.<e., , orplians and disal)led 
soldiei's. -•ollect and preserve relies. : feci . i-!,!unen1s ariil homes for 
old eomi'ades who are unable to pro'.-iiie I' i ' .n.mselves. The order is 

I. I I 

■_'H-.> mSTOKV ■■■ !• -KTEIi COUNTY 

divi<i"d ini<i siuk^ (iepartiiir,.,,, ,,;,!, ^i oomrajuider for each state, and 
the wbordioale organi/atu/i-.' .sc lal'i' posts. 

On ].l€cenjbpr IS, 1S66, ' '< .-t X.t 1., District of Porter, Dcpartuient 
of IiiiiiaLifi,'" was iir;-;';iuii'i'(' a. ^ ; jj..;r,iis') by Ilciii-y Binoaiuoii, who 
was a, charter niembci of tlu- Oiand /\riuy organization at Tiulia.ii- 
apolis, and i.vhu w>.'S cleetc,; ']■. '•,.! roiiiuiauder of tlic post at Yalin:- 
raiso. following is a lis:. ■■ r'.i- ■ !-;i"U-'. aititil)ers of tliis first ]>ost in 
i'orter county : L. B. FHiold, C. b. ITaslc, E. Peacock, William Jewell, 
A. T. Cross, William «^'.' Cy\U J 1„ ^^.uyder, F. :^r. ITamiltou, W. S. 
Honiic. L. J. Koidhamj S. I., ijifi f".M.>:oKic\^', Thomiis ^Vard, JMoist, 
J. V. Beviuger, William la ■ ^ : , '■:■. :-:s, S. Kitcliell, Clinton Frazicr, 
Thomas McCovij;?!!, .Tan.ies i:.'..' '''i:!.!!!,;:, I'ratt, F. M. Salisbury, J. T. 
Ueatori, Cilbert A. Pi.nvo, i;. . . - ;:in. nn, J. F. McCarthy, 11. M. Buel. 
K', B. P,rookway, C. C. S. R.' ! !., 1! J. r[.ll)egrovf^, J. B. Mai-shall, II. 

A. Bniwn and Ilciiry Bin:): ; : ::. AMi-r ■imuing- for about three years, 
the post disbanded and w ru'lLer allciiii)t was made to organiz<^ a 
(Jrand .•\riny post iji the oo'.it :> nntil in 1SS2. 

Cluii)liiin 1'>^o^^ll Post, "v t'''I, was organized at Valparaiso in 
Oetobei', 1S82, with the fo'I-.v. ■i:;.'; vhartcr members: W. E. Brown, 
James .1. l^'crriis Bus.sell D. l\ii/.ii, Ihu'iuou Baylor, John P. i\Ii]ls, T. 

B. I^uderback, J. P. McCavlhy. b'rank P. Thompson, David Dickson, 
E. M. Burns, A. Parks, J T (':i>:- r. ,lohn W. Elani, John Billado, 'Wil- 
liam C. Wells, Lorenzo T\ F>-:ii..;e, ILjnTi.son 'M. Keyes, E. T. Chester, 
Slephen S,'l:i:;!ii. T. C. B. :• ;' .. .i^ -l^.s, i;h .M. Zee. Thomas ISL Pobinson, 
Ezi-a Furgc'^ou, John. 0. llvii' ■.■, I'j'eJerick Gessi'r and John Fui'g'cson. 
The ])os; '\'as named in li.>:e . ■ i !.'e>. -TjcMes C. Jirown, for many years 
a resident of Valiini'aiso. v.] '■ • m' r -1 f!;e army as chaiilain of the Forty- 
eighth Indiana inlaiifr.\' ai-- •■i-'" '.■■ !!;'■ r.erviee. From the time of its 
wrganizalion to Tune, Bil'-J ^ ,.■■;.-: r ruii ...f the post shows M8 nauies. 
.Main' of tlv'se liave answ!'!; a •'.:■■• i,., 1 nil' eall. others havf moved away, 
and a1; the date abo\-e i:;;.,;.ii <'.-. |;..j.-.t had ninely members in good 
slandiiig. luguiar ineetii./.- aii ': \:\ nu the iirsi ami third Saturdays 
of eaeh iiionlh in ^Memm-ip! ■'.;; '.• I;-'!; n;i avenu('. 


Wiiltors ]'()sl\ No. 22!), Graii.l Army of I lie Kepublie, i lo. .Mi'd at 
IIel)roii and was organized on Scjilfniber 1, 1883. The cliariir lU'iiibri'S 
were: Willi, iiu TI. Adams, Jacol) Alyea, George C. Greg;., .lacoii Kcig- 
ley, John ('. McAlpin, AVilliam H. Dodi-idge, L. C. Pomc-oy, James P. 
Downs, I\I. J. Sweet, .fames E. lliyant, TI. W. Shal'er, -lohn .\\M\- and 
JU-njamin WhoLip. Seven of the oi-iginal memhei's are .s1iU li\iu;;-. In 
18f).'] the post lost all its records and papers by lire, so lliat no,!' h \icy- 
tauiing to its early history M'as destroyed. Two years aflei lli.- lire tlie 
mniiher of members reaehed eighty-six. tlie largest at an,\' lime in Ihe 
jiosl's history, but in 1912 the membershiii was Imt lunel.iii, lie oiiiers 
having answered the last roll call. AVallers Post has always been Metive 
in looking after its sick and disabled, and has taken a prnir:ineii) part 
on Memorial day in the decoration of graves of dead emiir.ide :. In 
1912 George O. Gregg was eommandei- of the post; ?ii, nin .Nichols, 
senior viee commander ; Fred Kern, junior vice command, r; .laim.-- P. 
Downs adjutant, and II. P. Wctod quartermaster. 

A. B. Wade Post, No. 208, was organized at Chesterto)i on Jidy 14, 
1883. John T. Taylor was the first commander; John C. Ceidt i-, seuioi- 
vice commander; Harrison TI. AVilliams, junior vice commander- Gliarles 
Jackson, adjutant, and Martin Young, quartermaster. The eliarier mem- 
bers, in addition' to the above named officers, were: Frank Dei'gstrom. 
Robert Lansing. John Williams, John B. Fuller, 11. Green, Tlar\ey Alb ii. 
Jacob Beck, Solomon Replogle and Hiram Knapp. IJegidn meetings 
are held on the first and third Saturdays of each moiilh in l'^)icsters' 
hall. Wade Post at one time had a large member.ship foi- a i'^, n the si/e 
of Cliesterton, but death and removals had reduced it to lunriee,, in.'m- 
hers in good standing in 1912. when Robert S .Greer was coiM!,.:ti;dei inid 
acting (juartermaster; Clinton AVillianis, senior viee connaai, l-r ; II. 11. 
Williams, junior vice commander; and G. A. Jlarciuarl. jidjnlant. In 
the cemetery at Ghesterton there are ninety-six graves oi' d-i'^iri' d cciu- 
rades for this lilfh' remnant of the post to decorate on Jleii."ri::! d:r< each 
year. In 1912 the memorial services were conducted b\ !!k Son.s of 

. '■. i i I 

"*-■' 1 ,1 .^'r I.;- I 

•i ,.| 


The \\ amun's Ik-lief Corps, an auxilinj-y to the Gmnd Auuy of the 
Kcpiiblic, hiid its iucepti(m at Poi'tlaiid, JIaine, in 1869, wlien tbe Avives 
of some of: the aiciubers of I>osv-( rlh Post oi' llat city oi-g^aiiized a local 
society for relief Avork. Other localities l'ollo\red the exaiuplo, and in 
187y representatives of these societies iu sevei'al states met at Fitchburg, 
Massacliii.sclts, and formed the national Women's Relief Corps. In 
1883, when the (Jrand Army held its nationnl eucampmeiu; ::t Denver, 
Colorado ,tiie officers of tliat o'^iuiizatioti reengi^ized tiie wonieas society 
as ail au.viiiary, and since tltat time nearly every Grand Arjuy post in t.he 
country has had its "Women's Relief Corps to work iu eonjiiii-'^ion \vith 
the old soldiers in caring for Uie distressed and condueti)"i: memorial 

The Sons of Veterans, as (ii ' name indicates, is an ov^. i^ization of 
the sons ol' th<isc who fought on ihe side of llic Xorth in tljc ( 'i\ i! war. Its 
objects are. to i^erpetuate the recollection oi.' I lie gallant dc Is of their 
fathers, instill lessons of patT'inlisui in the rising generation, collect and 
preserve war relics and historK ,,' documents, and care for llir needy and 
distressed. The local organizati' ;is are called camps. 

FortiT Camp), Xo. 116, l'":'!'! at Valparaiso, was organi/ed in the 
hall of Chaplam Brown Posi, i "; bi'uary 9, 1005, and was foimally mus- 
tered in on March 14th, with i'^fly-fivc charter members. 1\\ 1. Kitchen 
was llie first commander; U. ]>. t'^wing, senior vice commaml i-; William 
Pozarfh, junior vice commandi r; Clinton Jones, treasurer. I Ton. Mark 
L. De jMotte was pireseut and dilivered an address. On i\n-r,,t 1, 1905, 
Iv. J. Ivilchen, of the Valpjiv i > camp, was appointed juiljv. advocate 
of the Indiana division by (Dmiuander T. W. Blair, of Fert Wayne. 
The ciii. • rs of the camp in V. I'J .\ere : \Vil!i;;iii N. j\ruster, < 'iiimander; 
John l;. Jones, senior vice vm ; ;idcr; Ma1iiii''.v BroAvn, jvnii i- vice com- 
mander: llichard Smith, secit.i.-uy, and Julius E. Bornlie!!. Ircnsurer. 
The twentictli annual state riK-toipment \v:is liidd at Val]'.tr;uso, June 
6tl) :iimI 7th, lft()6, wlien the (•i'n;inonies iiicliidcd a jiaradc ii: m the La- 
ffiyetli' Hotel to Jileinorial Ilidl, wjiere an adilress of welcon was made 
by J\f;iy<;i- Sjiooner, wliicli \\<. ; : ponded In l.y W. W. llurJ!.!; n. At this 


cncnnipm''nl J. ^ ^ Aruokl ckM^k'd si:iii.'" viee cumiii.nnle)' fu. ','.:■ •«■''>■ 
oi-fjauizatiiiii, niid ."lohu JlcX.iy was flioson as a delt'gate to llu' ii:iu..i.... 
eiicainpnii'iit. Compauy ]i, First Indiana Sons of: X'eterans h' (.-.■' -v.: ■•, ' 
was rornu'd a( Valparaiso < n AFay 13, l!)i)8, witli thirty-five 'mm )!<.■■•■ 
and the follow uig offiwrs: Richard Smith, captain; F. T. Fell i r, f^-l 
lieutenant; .lulins E. Boriitiolt, second lieutcuanf ; lioy Ch. ■•*,'i-. f'^'.;^ 
sergeant: E\eiill Drapier, s.'eond sei'gvant : John Jones, third 
The company was nuistered iu by Ma.j. R. P. Dueoiuh, of Sta; ■: ;' • 
after which ,1 I.aiiqn<'t was served at Dudley's cafe. For a time dvHis 
were held j-eRuhiriy. Then the novelty Avove off, interest dccrei ■■/■. eie! 
tlie company di'opped ont of existence without the formality of d' i ."■!- 


On Xov.-mher 111, lUlC Sliiloh Camp. No. 54, Son- of A'eteran ■• ;,■ ;■- 
gani'/cd at Tleliron, with (he follo\nny,' ehartei- mennicrs: (.'. !■ . !•■ '■'■ 
A. K. I\leAl)Mn. J. J. Xi-l.ols, 0. U. Filer, Jame^ M, Wilsoi; -l"-^ T. 
Sparlin-i-. -). M. .Morrow. S. E. McOinnis. 0. E. Wi-id. 0. J. Ho;;''. •' ^f« 
C. AVilliams. Jl. E. Thomjtson, John W. Patterson, Koss SL-v,.;; .' P. 
Wood. C. (\ Shoupe. F. E. Nichols, P. M. Hamilton. A. IT. (;■■ 
and Pert Ayle.swortli, E. A. Edmonds. Lee ]\lorrow, James 'y. 
and Oeorfi-e Davis. This camp holds its i-egnlav meefings mi llic ' 
day evening of e_,nch month at G. A. P. hall. In 1911 AVaii- 
G. A. P., presented tlie can\p A\-ith a fine silk Hag, bearing ih- 
"Shiloh Camp, No 54, Div, of Ind." Forty-one names were on i' 
bersliip roll in 1912, ^^■\u■u tlie officers of the camp were a; 
C. i\r. Filer, commander; J. J. Nichols; senior \ice comma i.'' 
Lceka, jiu.ioi' vice commander; A. P. AIcAlpio, secretary: J, P 
treasurer. There is also a camp of the Sons of Veterans at i ; 

A year or so afler the close of the Civil war a few "goo = f 
iu (he ci1>- of New Yori: formed 1he habit oT siiending 11- '^ ^ 
togctUev "singing songs, swapping yarns, and in olbev way:, p.. 
time pleasantly." A pi/rmaneut club of fifleeu members w;.s :'• 
1807 and the name of "The Jolly Corks" was adopted. The . 
year Charles S. Vivian, a young Englishman, suggested the i-. 


•I . '■ 

.;! i < 

'■' "' ''^ " <-l.-;iir ■%;, I, 

I'HCi insT()i;v OK i-niri i;i; corxTV 

lumiii;;- 1lie clul' inio ;i si i.'! ■ ..l''!-. His j>i-oi>o.s;il iiiel. with approviil, 
but it M-as (lofidcd tlial tli'.' old i m:..; whs not a]iiirui>ria.te and a committee 
was ai)])ointed to selicl <i now diiu. Tliis committee happened to visit 
tJie old Barmuu museum. tl.i y saw an elk and learned something 
of its liabils wliich wei'e ict^aidi d as "in-niy of emulation, and this led to 
the adoption of the nanu- ■l^'iuvi'l-Mi! and Protective Order of Elks." 
There are no slate grand !ndp -. in !|i.- Elks, each lodge being in direct 
communication with the sujnchu' ^■i'aud lodge, and onty one lodge is 
pei'mitted in a town or cily. Tuc iumHu oT tin; order is: "The faidts 
of oTir brothers we T\Tite iijiiui iln snuds; tlu'ii* virtues iipon the tablets 
of love and memory.'' 

Valparaiso Lodge, Betic'..i!i::ii, and I'rolectivc Order of Elks, was oj'- 
gauized on ilay 19, 1890. wifli « .■.■.■;! ;;■. llui;.; charter members. On Fel>- 
ruary :^, 1904, the hall and cinb iocm:. at Hie northwest corner of ilain 
an'd Lafayette streets were J'ovhial'y ilcd-icaled by Joseph T. Fanning, 
of Indianapolis, at that time llu Liiauil exalted ruler. Visitors Avere 
present from Hammond, ('rown I'dlm. Warsaw. i\IicJiigan City and other 
places. In 1912 the lod;;' nujiii'ci-id '.lis.^ members, with the following 
ofiScers: J. S. Bartholomew, <'-\alb(l vnlci': W. P. Clifford, esteemed 
leading knight; Rolla SirNcvs, cslri'ini-d Io.a al knight; William Picard, 
esteemed lecturing knigld ; 11. I''. Sin fli-ld. i'S(|uire; -I. Albe, secretary: 
J. S. Wilcox, inside guard; .lames i i'ri.-wobl. lilei-. This is the only lod,ge 
of Elks in Porter county. 

In 1882 Rev. ]\Iichael d. ,\rc(;i\-i'r;, , :i ifoman Catholic jiriest of New 
Haven, Connecticut, fonnidateil a jiliin t'oi' llu- organization of a secret 
order to be knowii as the l\ni.uli1s id' ( 'ciimnlius. tlic basic jirinciples of 
which are "charity, unity, IVater'iil.\ and patriotism." Any pi'actical 
Catholic ni' the male scx nwv eit';!:*' m .\rais nC age is eligible for admis- 
sion to miMuber.ship. Lo<;d sociriii.s liic railed councils. Pour local 
councils may fonn a stair connei!. d.-lrgates from the various state 
councils making up tlic milinnal ci;.;:.! il. At tlie beginning of the year 
1912 there were about l.r.tKi li„-,-.l .-■.nnril- in the United States, witli a, 
lucmbei-ship of some ;!0(i,(!'ifi. and .-in-i the orijanization the order lias 

I, ,d 

I- U If 

U' • 'ff 


dispensed ov<t ^5,000,000 iu benefits. Jhc lieaclquarters havr ;ii\v;i.vs 
beeu mai)itaiiied at New Haven. 

Valparaiso ('mincil, No. 738, Avas ort;'aiiized on N :\v Year's ■'-,■• in 
1903, wlicn a number of Catbolic gentlenion met in St. Paul's mi'' i' li:dl 
and elected the following otricers: Grand Kuiglit, P. W. Wayer . Dep- 
uty Ciranil Kni;j'lit. Thomas Clifford; Chancellor, Frank ():;'• ^^^y; 
Recording Secretary, Thomas llavl ford : Financial Secret a r. .. Louis 
Horn; Treasurer, Thomas Howard; Lectuv.r, Daniel E. Kelly; Ci'.i;;.uUM, 
Rev. L. A. Moeneh. The council was fully instituted on Sunday . Ainrcli 
22, 1903, when a sermon was preached hy Rev. W. S. Hogan, U,.' lirst 
degree was conferred by the South ]:5end degree team; the sccon- dr.^rri; 
by a team from Fort Wayne, and the third degree by Prof. •Ii'lin S. 
Ewiu^', of Notre Dame University. In llu! evening the membci <>f 1lie 
new couu(al and their guests parlook nf m banquet at the arm: ,■;. , In 
1912 the officers of tlie council were: C. P. Daly, grand Imiglil . -l.-im.'--. 
Meagher, deputy grand knight; E. Tl. Heilstedt, cbancelloi' 
Latour, financial secretary; Anthony :Mcyers, i-eeorder; Jamr- 
treasurer; D. E. Kelly, advocate; P. W. Clifford, trustee. 

Other secret and benevolent orders rrjiresented in the counl. 
Modern Woodmen of America, the Knights of the Maccabees, 11 
Arcanum, the Fraternal Order of Ea-los, and the Independ. :.' Hr.iri 
Foresters of America. 

The :Modern Woodmen have camps, or lodges, at Valparaiso Clir-lcr 
ton, Hebron and Kouts. Valparaiso Camp, No. 4654, holds it-, v,<rn]in 
meetings on the first and third Fridays of each month in Wood-, is. h:;!! 
Chesterton Camp, No. 5244, meets iu the Odd Fellows hall on l! 
and fourth Fridays of each month. Hebron camp. No. 7488, 
the Knights of Pythias hall on the second and fourth Wedu; 
each month, and Kouts Camp, No. 4572, holds its meetings on I 
and fourth Tuesdays in O'Brien's hall. 

Some years ago a number of Foresters seceded from the ■ 
of that name and organized the Foreslers of America. Valj^ ; i--^ be- 
came the headquarters of the new order, and courts have been !.;';:enized 


r, 1he 

is in 

I. r 


IIIS'l'Oi;', 1 i i'Oi}TKi; (.'OllNTV 

at Cliisstcffn''. ' 
p;u-aiso, \i). 7, was or}:;iaiiz ■.! '. 
tei- members, ami in 1.P1J t i ■ 
It i.ieetK on llie seei.iul iin.l \'< \ 
of ['yiltiMs liall oil I'l'lii.i; , 
O'Hriivr.s lial! ou the flis^ ,;:. 
ITehi'on Iiolijs its i-rguUir ):'• = ! i 
lir.s( ami tliitd TucscLiys of 
lliird Thursdays in tht; Odu i 
in its o^\'u lialL on th(,' sceoiir a 
last iiuJiied court omiis its ovn 
ber.s, liaviiifi' lost but one i-.- :ir 

Lodges of thiH Knights >i{ :! 
Teat, No. 7-'!, meoils on the 
KniKbls or Pytliias ball. Ch r-i- 
third Thiiisdays iji its own '<■. •: 
first and third Fridays in 11:- l\\ 
paraiso Tent for- 191 2 Aveiv : W 
bell, lieutenant comnmiuler; , 
Jones, Ser<,'eant; L. jM. ('bni.i.^ 
V. Sehenek, sentinel, ami 'A ;ii 

yalparaiso Aerie, Frateji-.' 
vember 11, 1005, with si.\'. f 
officers: A. J. Dick, i^asl u •■! 
president: Cluirlos K. Boni . •'■ 
conductor; I']. L. Hubbell, s-cr. 
was orj^ani/.rtl by \Vortli> I'l 
from the aeries at Laporle "; i 
stitution, a bamjuet M'as <■ ■>.■ 

.Mler llk> eloseor the Si ,■!- 
of the volunteer regiments \'\\ 
soi'ved diaij),:^ Ihe eonfliet > ..-, 
aus' Association, ivindred m-. 

...It. 'vonts and Wheclei'. Coiii't \'al- 
S<'|MeMibor 2M, ISS!). with thirti'en ehai- 

ui- nb 'rshiji bad l.)eeu increased to 257. 

Ii :''n'la>s of each month in the KnighSs 

■ -I ne. Court Kouts, No. 8, nieets in 
I'.iird Tuesdays of each luonlli. Court 

:' i: i!ic Kuiglits of Pythias hall ou the 
- = ;- , 'v'ourt Chesterton, ou the first and 

li.>\.^ Iiall, and Court Wheeler, No. 20, 

■ 1 joij/lh Thursdays of each niontb. The 
i,;:li and in 1012 reported sixty-six mcni- 

^- r ! \- '.l:;!th since its organization. 

!■• :' i. ■■■.•, J. 'ces are called tents. Valparaiso 

I a;."! il-ird Fridays of each montli iu the 

■' 1 i'.n i'r,.!. No. 21, nii'cts on the first and 

: ;ri.l 'J' i'!-ni Tent, No. 1-18, meets on the 

i.i .'iiis V' I'ythias ball. The officers of Val- 

. il, \\rr!:'ham. conimaiuler; L. T. Canip- 

A. \V. .^icDaniel, record keeper; A. A. 

y, ■■ha|-\i'-!, IClias .lones, master at arms; 

ialn liedx'l liion, jjicket. 

! C>] di r (if lOagles, was organized on No- 

'ii'- ebarM-.- niembei'S and the following 

!i) ].!''-id.iit : John Longshore, worlhx' 

\. \'. oill,\ • '. •(- i)resident; George Pearee, 

■ :\-y\ l-'i.'d r.iiersoll, chaplain. The aerie 
s'.dcid ,\;h'!ri-sou, assisted by members 
• ' '■: ;. After the ceremonies of in- 

I ..i.n I ::i ■ ;ir and the return of sex'eral 
,i till '"nilii'iiinc isl;uuls, those A\ho hail 
. • '! •'■'■ ■■, iiisli-Ameriean "War ^''efel•■ 
-■'ii:-,-il !i':'> -Ai i'e foi'iucd in Mifious parts 

i ■ I'-,,, ■'■!'■ 




of the eoimtry, and on April 38, ISC-I. 1Ih- 
into 01V-, niider the naaic of tbo TI),;ivd t'l 
July IC), ]li03, uini' months before Uu meig ■ 
tlie American "War VcteriUiS v ;i;; o. ;. 
Henry .Sclilosbohui ns commander; W'iiiiiJ 
niander; Earl C. Dowdell, junior vice coi; 
adjutant; Arthur E. Sager, quar(enii;i,sli-r . i 
August Laryon, offiecr of the guard, -foli;! ' 
mebership roll was signed by eightemi yoiii;}." 
^\'ho enlisted for service in the War with Sii,, 

On Jujie fi, 1906, a lodge of the Kjii-'lil- 
instituted in Valparaiso . This order admi':- 
tween the ages of eighteen and lifty-.fivi; ■.■ ■ 
in sums of $250, $500, $1,000 and $2,000 !'; 
lodge installed at the time of the orgaiiizal: 
past protector ; Dr. E. II. Powell, ijroleeloi , 
lector; Miss Lottie Molcr, secretary; Willi;. 
Fisher, chaplain; J. C. MoOre, guide; }h 
Dr. E. IT. Powell, medical examiner; Mr.-. 
Latour, trustees. 

Numci'ous societies, clubs and associali. 
have been organized in Valparaiso at di!'!'>" ■ 
tory. Among these may be mentioned Hi 
which numbers about 200 members, incli; !i 
and society women of the city. It is divi. 
literature, art, music and home economics- i 
ber or committee of tlio club. Late i)i IDm 
the acijuisilion of a club house, in iv'iicli 1!' 
manent quarters, but the moveiri ?!t (inali 
quently the rlub meetings are held ;;t the ■ 
church parloi's, and on special occasions in > 

The Civic Impro\-eraent Assoii:ili.>n, <■ . 
women of Valparaiso, was incorj)oraied, in , 

Vol I— 1 '.) 

. ..r.ciclies were merged 

■aMlsI. War Veterans. On 

•, ^'<l .'clit-r.reiumcr Post of 

a I '. d at \'alparaiso, with 

! .-'lot I. senior vice com- 

, '.I ; Wallei- C. Baum, 

. :;. !•;. I'-erlell, chaplain ; 

.W:-.- ,,)■ the day. The 

ei , all I'nrter co\nity boys 

ri ; Laiiies of Honor was 
j- I. sons of both sexes he- 
boid )iays death benefits 
■ !'iiec'-.- of the Valparaiso 
•, ■■.■]•.- Mrs. William Fox, 
i 1 ei 1 vy I .atonr vice pro- 
•''.X, treasni'er; Mrs. Orris 
■.-a Cowdrey, guardian; 
K'i.'ra St a ike and Henry 

I social or civic nature 

i! i'l'riods in the city's his- 

.'ai'aiso Women's Club, 

■,.' tile leading educational 

iiito four departments — 

■' '11 charge of some mem- 

vement was started for 

• 'II could establish pcr- 

Ird ill failure. Conse- 

' "s (if tl.'e niinnbers, in 

: ' j uMi- ball. 

I (iF Hie public spirited 
'^'O-'i. will! the following 

.!•■ ■ r. !]i 


-< V 



board of directors. PYelove M. Rlam, Jcssir Lollnri".:!'. I'lstclla J. Gard- 
ner, Mary L. Zijii merman, Goldc Lowen.'-tui'', Kt';: \'. •iKnnan, Kate L. 
Agnew, Ada L. Lederer, Ina Cunningham, Sura'i '<'. ICiiisey, Clara S. 
De Motte, Myra iiimrd, Fannie S. McGill. • 'harloi*'- ^jiuiipac.ker, Rose 
C. Smill] and Maud S. Po\V(;rs. This was r-in in. mi ;• vatod association 
without any capital stock, the object bcitiu Id ini 'vi-st ilie citizens in 
cleaning up and beautifying the city, if v ■■ ntcded for any 
purpose it was raised by subscription and volant:tr\ co.n) iLiutions. 'I'be 
flower beds in the court-house square arc the w;;;'-: <if the Civic lui- 
provejnent Association, and numerous dark spots hav^; i-cn made lighter, 
dirty alleys and back yards maile clean und.a- ihc {'.a- :;";ik and infliienee 
of its members. 

At a meeting held in the the mayor's ofliec in (!■•■ •. Wy of Valparaiso 
on the evening of July 6, 1905, the Municipal Stii<i. Association was 
formed. W. E. Pinney was elected president; S. ',' i.:i';!igs, vice presi- 
dent; Mark L. Dickovei", secretary, and F. A. Turi;ve , . : ia;-:urer. The ob- 
jects of the association Avere declared to be 'Mo slnd;.' ninMicipal problems 
and endeavor to ajiply the results of the invcsligM 'o!is Tor the good 
of the city." Some of the subjects to be studied wnr drsignaled as taxa- 
tion, improvements of streets, building of sidewalks, reduction of the 
bonded debt, etc. The second meeting of (he association was held on 
July 1.3th, when the name was changed to the Men's Civic Study Asso- 
ciation, in order to prevent it from being confused with the Civic Im- 
provemejit Association of the women. At thi.s iiKi'1iii^>- a series of by- 
laws, or rules, were adopted, in which the pui'fioses >\. re staled as being 
"the study and better understanding of the scinuf '■'' uD'.crnnient, and 
the promotion of economical and efficient aumini,-,! r.diwn of county, 
township and city government." It was also (tfchu'!! ilial. the associa- 
tion should be non-partisan in character, llir ii)(li\i i: ,,l hu'inbers exer- 
cising the right of sutfi-age according to theii' npifiJ!. ,■. l-'uf a time the 
association wielded considerable influeu('e towaid t\u iiii]ii'o\'ement of 
the streets, etc., but, like most oi'ganizatious of llii.v ■ '■■ .i.irler, it finally 
perished for lack of interest in the work it had shuh d unl lo do. 

.1. lUl. 

■nf. . ■■ ■■~■.n^ f 
■- :(,ir .- .V ! 

..; "i.. r ..■>■ 
I.! .-.•M.nj/, 

r|/ ■. 1/. ■/' 

.: ■' '. ■■-' 1 
• ,-■ ■ ' ■ ■ , I • ( , I 

.t ;>■ 

r| 1-:, /.,(•- .'.vf 


Otlier clubs llial had existed at some { in Val])ar;ii ", or ;\rr stiH 
iu (.-xistence, were the Mathesis Club, the Saturday Nif;1.1 > hili, 1lir llai- 
riet Beecher Stowe Glul), and the Wiiliam Henry J[;i CIkiiiI.t, 
Danyhters of the American lievoliilion ,\\iiieh held its I'u; : (iji.-ii m>.'e1iii^ 
ou Monday evening, November 2, 190:5, at the Presin l.:i i.-n; Churcli 

One of the most nniqne soeiiil organizations cvn- lii!:ii>'(i in the 
county is the "Thirteen Chib." It had its origin in tlh- r,ill of iMid, 
wheji thirteen young men met, partly by eliance and par!l.\ b.^ nndia-- 
standing, in the oifice of Dr. A. J. ITomfield, and joined in eaiini;- a "jiig 
dinner" in a I'oom in the rear of the doctor's office. Tin- llulii-n \-e)-e: 
Dr. A. J. Homfield, L. G. Benney, Ernie Pinney, Leon \\'lii'l> i , ljr>Ii(> 
R. Skinner, Roy "Wheeler, Gus Jones, Frank B. Winsbi,., i.. 11. rjetrc, 
E. G. Osborne, Charles G. Poster, P. G. Ketehum and Dr. C. U. Kudrr- 
ling. All were at the time unmarried. It was agreed to In: im ,■■ |i(.| ina- 
nent organization, M'ith the understanding that as the memKri ■, I'l,^ niar- 
ried, they were to entertain the other members at their homes. For tillct,)! 
years the arrangement has been sacredly observed, and om-c a year thi' 
members of the club assemble to partake of a dinner piii\jd(<l by (mo 
of their number. The dinner for 1!)11 was provided liy Lcslir IC. Skinin'r. 
If thirteen is an unlucky number, its ill luck seems to iia\e failed in 
the ease of fiiis club, for of the original members all are li\iii;; rxcriit 
Dr. A. J. Homfield, and when they meet at their annual fi sli\al if is ;'cn- 
erally remarked that Fate has Ijeen kind to them, as most ol ihem rnjoy 
good health and are well-to-do in a financial way . 

.(,■ ■■ :t:;' (. 









OP THE CIH;iiCll. . , 

In the early part of tlio St-vcnteenth century Jesuit priests erdssed 
tlie Atlantie and bt'f^an llie work of establisliinj^ missions aniony; liie 
Nortdi Aiuerlcau Indians. The Jesuit fathers may liave been soraewliat 
fanatical in their religious zeal, but they were generally sincere in tlieir 
deYotion to their calling, loyal to their king, and men of unquestioned 
courage. No \vild( riicss was too dai'k and unin\itiiig for them to plunge 
into its depths in their effcu'ls to carry the story of the Cross to tlic lie- 
uiglited inhahilauts. Quite a jiiiuibcr of these early missionaries played 
important parts in the exploration ol! tlie vast, unknown interior of North 
Amcj'ica, and th<' Tiniues of Marijuette, Jolict, Hennepin, De la Ci'oix and 
others are indelibly written in Hie pages of American History. Long he- 
fore the first periuauent white settlers came to northern Indiana, some of 
these Catholic missionaries visited the Indian (rihes in the Great Laices 

■ • ;•■ . I ■ 292 ■ 


region. A<^ oarly as J(J72 B'athcrs Alloiicz aud Dablon landed on the 
south shore of Lake jMichi^aii and passed through what is now Porter 
counl\- on (lieir way to the Kaiilcakoe river, but there is no rvideuce to 
sho\'.' tluit Uiey ende..vjie'.l lo foumi a pernuuient mission in any of the 
teri'itoiy Uiry visited. 

J)a)iie] K. Kelly, tlie well known Valparaiso laweyr, has in his posses- 
sion a relie, supposed to have been lost by some of the early Catholic 
priests wjio visited the eoujitry about the liead of Lake I\[ichi<;;an. It 
is the lid of a lavoriuni. or lioly \' uter fount, seuiieireulai' in foinn, the 
strai.L;lit side, or diameter, being about two inehes in limgtb, with traees 
(if the hinged joint plainly visible. On the top is engraved a laud) lying 
down; above the lamb is a eross surrounded by a halo, and around the 
' design is a sort of saw toolli bord ■: . These teetli, whieli jioini toward the 
center are not uniform in size. This relic is of silver, wliieh is eomi>letely 
oxidized from long exposure to the ilements. It was found by Frederick 
Carr on .Sunday, ]\Iay II), 1912, in the old bed of the Grand Cahimet 
I'iver where it empties into Lake I\tichigan near Granger Springs, Lake 
county. The early United States surveys show a trail leading' from that 
point eastward into Porter coimty. Young Carr gave the relic to Mr. 
Kelly, wlio showed it to Rev. Thomas Jensen, of Gary, and from him 
learned that what is presumably tlie other part of the lavorium was 
picked up on the beach sonic fifty years ago and is in the possession of 
Fatlier Blackman. 

The first Catholic nussions in Indiana were estaViIlslicd in the 
so\itbern part of the st-iite, where ti)ey developed into churiiss and edu- 
cational institutions. The denouilnation is still much stronger in that 
part of the state than in the central aud uotheru portions, the mon- 
astery at St. Meinrad, Spencer county, and the convent at Oldenburg, 
Kianklin county, being among liie best Injown Catholic ,m wools in the 
Middle West. 

Closely following the Catholics were the Baptists. A B.M^tist church 
was established on Owen's cree!-, (lark county, as early as 1798. Prom 
lli.-it time until ISGO Indiana \v-;i' a, nns.sionary tiejd for (lie Baptists, 

. ,1, t.. ■,!.! l:-> 



Mdluidists, rrosbyteriaii ami Chri.sliinis, or C'aiMj)!i-,'lli((s. McUiodist 
circuit riders were at work in the soutlierii jiart ol Ihi- stuti- in the early 
part of the Nineteenth century. Thomas CTelajK.', ;; I'lcsl^ylcriau mis- 
sionarj', organized the first church of tliat faith in th.; .st.ife al Vinccniies 
about 1800, and the second Avas organized at Ciuii !■ -uni, ("hnk county, 
in 1S07. Aliuut tliroe >'cai's later tlie Friends, nr <t)iK!ki.-i-s, rounded 
settlements in eastern Indiana, near the present ciiy oi' Kiclu!ii)nil. As 
the tide of emigration flowed north and west th. .Inir''!. i'ollowed. 
Joseph Bailly, the first white settler in Porter (:o:.'uly, wiis a devout 
Catholic, and soon after he built his cabin and eslabii.-iird ids- I rading 
post on the Ijauks of the Calumet river his place bi'fiuiic a c: ndcxA-ous 
for "all sorts tuid conditions of men." Missionariis r,i-.i;ii'i!iiy .si'>i»ped 
with hiiu, and the masses said by them were doublli s:, {],i- lirsi !■• li^fjuus 
sei-yices ever held in the county. Many of the early s.-UK i^ liad lic^n 
identified witli some church oi'ganization in their old iHinii;-;. As .^(h.,.i as 
their cabins were built and their families sheltci-i il. their thoiiLilits 
turned toward the building up of the church in the wilderness wia-re 
they had cast their lot. 

Missionaries of the Baptist and Metliodist churcln s eanio iiilo I'urler 
county about the time it was organized, or perhaps a Utile lierore. Mu; 
records in the countj' clerk's office showing that diiiin^': 1lie yur ]y.]() 
marriages were solemnized by at least four ministeis. Tliesc I'eur \.'erc 
Alpheus French and Asahcl Neal, Baptists, and Cyrus ^?[lUl■Ml,•l^■ jnid 
Stephen Jones, I\Iethodists. It is said that Rev. Asaliel N'ra! (ir^-.mi/.' d 
a congregation in Morgan township in the latter ]iarl ni' is:'.-i oi- early 
in 18.36. If so, that was the first church orgaiii/.:'! ioji in Ihc eoimly, 
but the repoi't is not well authenticated. Rev. Alpbeii-, l-'rem li -pre:!. ': ■! 
at Blachly's Corners, in Cnioii towiislii]), in llie ,s|iiiii:; e!' is;(i. 'the 
meeting was held in a grove, about twenty-five persciis li.iu" |iie,.ii.;. 
This is general]}' credited with being the first meelin'i held h.\ ;i l!;;|i- 
tist iriinister wilbin the coidlnes of the county. On .liiii • 10 ]'-^-',l. .If. 
Freneh organized the First r5a])tist Church, with twelve hk mh. is, ai' ■■..;: 
whom wvTQ John and Dj'usijla Bai-tholoniew, ]']d)ihi!i(l .-nid Cii.iriJy : "! 

,..>^l: I •■! ,- I 

IIISTOKV o!.' POK'I'I'U fOUNTY 2'.1;. 

lings, James aiiQ Rebecca T^'iilunn, John yjohinsoii, Warinr and Ailclia 
Pierce. John Jvoliuson anil John Baiiliolomew wc^re l.h'i fii-st deacons, 
and Jacob (,'. ^^ UUe, the tirst ckrh. On ]<\hruar.v 8, .1810, 1hc name was 
changed to the "First Baptist Ojinrch of Valparaiso." 

For some time the congregntion was ^\ithont a perjiiancnt liousi; of 
worship, the meetings during this period being hchl in vaiious places. 
Elder Frencli served as pastor until 1842. He was siioreded by llar- 
lowe S. Orton, who served I'or about two years. Kev. W. T. Bly was then 
pa.stor until 1847. when he was succeeded by Kev. Alexajrdcr Nicker- 
son. Under his ministry a church building was erccteti al a cost of 
$2,200. It was dedicated on .March 13, 18r);j, and since that lime the con- 
gregation has had a permanent borne, though the old cliurrh i-ditice has 
been supplanted l)y a new one -ivhich was dedicated on iVovcmber 13, 
1881. It is loealed at the nortiiWest corner of Lafayette and Chicago 
streets and was erected at a cost of $6,10(1. It i.s a brick Imilding, in 
the form of a Greek cross, with two entrances and has a. seating capa- 
city of about GOO. In June, 1912, the seventy-fifth anniversary of the 
cliurch was celebj'ated with ap{)ropriate servicics, meetinus being held 
daily from the (Mb to the 16lb of the month. Dui'ing the seventy-five 
years of its history the church, has had twenty-two pastors, the present 
pastor being Rev. J. A. Kuowllou, who assumed cliarge in 1910. The 
jDa.stors, f^om 18.54, when Mr. Nickerson left, to the coming of Mr. 
Knowlton, with the year in which each began his service, were: Henry 
Smith, 1854; G. T. Brayton, I860; J. D. Cole, D. D., 1861 ; J. M. Ma.xwell, 
1862; M. T. Lamb, 1864; Otis S.ixton, 1867; W. W. Ca])linger, 1870; 
W. A. Clark, D. D., 1873; E. S. Riley, 187r); C. J. Po]"'. l>'^f^6; J. B. 
Banker, 1889; 1). Heagle, D. \\. 1892; W. E. Randall, bsOi;; W. E. 
Storey, 1897; Jobn L. Beyl, 1^'J'J : II. B. JJeiminghoir. 1I)(m; S. I. Long, 

In 1835, actiii;/ under auliioi ity of llie Indiana cnnferenee of the 
]\ Epi.scopal church. Rev. Stephen Jones oi-;,';iui/e(l the Deep 
.River mission, which embraced liie counlies of Lake and I'orler. Sub 
seqnently the field of labor lieeame known a.s Hie K'aiikalcce lui.'i.sion, and 

i{i .-,:-■■ v 

296 HISTORY OF r()l;Ti;i; COUXTY 

still later as the Valparaiso cin-.ili. liv.v. iLicliani liargrave was pre- 
siding elder at the time tlie mihsioii was fii,;l. itrf^anized, and among the 
earl.y pastors were Stephen Joins. liM.ii, ('ol-.-hisier, Ha.wley B. Beers, 
Samuel K. Y'ouiig, William J. I-'viIhs. Isaar Al. Stagg, William P. 
AVlieeler, Wade Posey, Warren GriUilh. .1. Coxad, Thomas C. Hackney, 
S. T. Cooper, William Palmer, W. ■;. Muiiix. J. G. D. Pettijhon, L. B. 
Kent, Franklin Taylor, David l)uii-!.>::i. .M.'iain Carey and Samuel 
Godi)-ey. Tliis l)rings the list down k> 1s.j2. when Valparaiso was set 
off as a separate charge and oi'iuj.iii/i-i.' into a staiion. Prior to that 
time, liowever, Liike county had liren mil oif and i'ornied int,o a new 
ehai-ge in the fall of 1844, the ValpuiMisn riroiiit from that date includ- 
ing only Porter county. When (lie ii:i:-!Oii was first organized the 
places of holding meetings were tiM-d a! Valparaiso, Gosset's Chapel, 
Twenty-mile Grove, Indian Town (.iflviv.iu-d Iniown as Hebron), Mel- 
vin's, Lee's, White's and Louis Pcjinoek's. As tlie population increased 
new places of worship were added, and at the time Valparaiso Mas 
made a separate pastoral charge in 1852, the appointments in the 
district were fourteen in number. Id wit: Valpai'aiso, Morgan Prairie, 
Kankakee, Ohio, llanna's Mill, Jackson (Uuter, City West, Horse Prai- 
rie, Hel)ron, Grif/itli's Chapel, Union ('liaj)il. Salt Creek, Twenty-mile 
Grove and Pennock's. 

Rev! AV. J. Forbes organized the JinU class in Valparaiso in 1840. 
The first Methodist church in the city wa.s organised in 1847 in a small 
frame buildiTig, and the following .\eai work was commenced on the 
first house of worshi]), under the j^asioralr of Kev. W. G. Stonix, who 
left bel'ore the building was comiildcd. It was liiiished in 1849 under 
Rev. J. G. D. Pettijohn. That same yen a parsonage was purchased at 
the corner of Monroe and Franklin si mis. but in 1853 it was sold and 
a new parsonage erected in the i-rar oi !l:.> clmi-cli, at a cost of $900. 
The congregatit>ji grew rapidly, and -lil'!- sonu' $5,000 had l)cen ex- 
pended in enlarging and iiripro\ int; l.'-ih i-linnli and parsonage, llie ' 
quarters became too siuall and it wn^ dcrich-d io build a new churcli. 
The pastors during this j)criod-~ I'mi ■ isTi'.' lo 1S81 — were: David 

, ,,.; .ii).v 

n ;:,iirl.;K 
, 1.. / 'i .:: 

1: •■ 

.,. ... K ■ 'Ji '"C' 


■V ;'!' 

;, Hi'- ■ 


Crawi'ord, Albion Fellows, W. Hamiltou, C>. W. Stal'l'oixl, S. T. Cooper, 
Aaron Guraey, C. N. Sims, B. W. Smitli, C. A. Brooke, T. S. Webb, 
Nelsou Green, G. M. Boyd, L. C. Buckles, Thomas Meredith, W. Gra- 
ham, N. L. Brakeman, W. B. Stutz, G. M. Boyd and C. A. Brooke. It 
■was nnder the Keco)id jjastorate of Mr. Brooke that the present eluireh 
editiee was erected. It is located al the northwest corner of Jclfcrson 
and Franklin streets, is in the form of a. cross, G5 by 105 feet, witli ])ase- 
meut, etc. The main auditorium is 58 by 63 feet; the Sunday school 
room is 45 by 57 feet ; the infant class room is 22 by 24 feet, and there 
are two class rooms each 15 liy 16 feet. Art windows give a plea.sing 
and soothing effect and the chui'ch is equipped with a fine pipe organ. 
Tlie total cost of the building was about .$23,500. The jireseut pastor 
is Kev. Thomas J. Bassett, who was formerly at the head of the prepara- 
to)-y department of I)e Pauw University at Greencastle, Indiana. 

For a while after the Deep River mission was organized, the few 
Methodists in the vicinity of the present town of Hebron met at the 
homes of Simeon Bryant and Absalom Morris. After the school house 
was built meetings were held tliere. A regular society was organized 
in 1837 by Rev. Jacob Colclasier, who was the first minister to extend 
his labors into that part of the missionary field. Hawley B. Beers, Wade 
Posey, L. B. Kent, William F. W^heeler, William J. Forbes and Warren 
Griffith also preached there dui-ing the early da.ys of the congregation. 
In 1840 a protracted meeting lasting ncarlj' two montlis was held and a 
large number of members were added to the church. Several of the 
meetings were held at a scliool house about four miles east of Hebron. 
In 1844 a log church was built and Rev. Warren Griffith regularly en- 
gaged as pastor. Fifteen years later the log building was replaced by a 
neat frame structure, at a cost of about $1,000. Since that time the 
I\Iethodist church of Hebron has prospered. A parsonage was bought 
in 1877 and has since been enlarged and improved. The pastor in 1912 
wax Rev. 0. P. Paxton. 

Among the early settlers of IMorgan township were four men by the 
name of White, who located in the nortliwcstcni part. These four men 

ly.j.M. 1 

I. 'i: 

^1 ■ > -.,; ;.t p; .<OiA 

') ..'>::< ' ) 

i rrll.'r ;■ :l ■. ; '5 

,!"/ !.. • ,,.,.1 


ii'sroRY OF ]^:)RTEJ? r 


and a j.Tr. Coruisli, vvitli tlieir wive;^, organi/ >! ;' hx:- 'ni'.o a Metho- 

dist society' and erected a small chMi-eh on ^icii-jr 1: . towuship -34, range 
6, where it is still uiaiiitiiined, Mieugh for snu'c ye •? scr\ in-s wcrr not 
held thei'e regularly. 

Two ilcLliodist societies were organized in i i : : 'U' Icwusliij) aliout 
1837 — one at the Robhins school lionse and Ihe ; lui ilie. west side. 

No church was ereeled until ahout J855, wIkm. ;i I'nusc- was huilt 

near the present village of Crisman, Mr. MAkWi *. ■■'');;• tiic mover 
in securiiig its construction. After a time ii " idi:-! oi'i^anization 
died out and the hoase ^vas used for awhile b\ i ' . iiiKyi Ijutlierans. 
A few j'ears hei'ore the beginning of [];<• ; ■ ; war, a -Methodist 
congregation was formed at Jackson Center. '! .[.l se'iool bc/ was 
pui'chaseii, an addilion Ijuilt to i'.'aiid foi- m.t:- ::!>■ it was us(;d for 
church Tlie church at 'lie present !i.: . located on sectioa 
21, township 36, vi\U'j.f '>. About llif: time tbe .lai '■ \ Center church was 
esta.blished a Methouisv society Avas formed at • ', lake and a small 
church was built at "Kinney's Corners," near ■■■ Juiutiun of Center, 
Liberty, Jackson and Washington townships. i •• w liter has been 
unable to learn the fate of this congregation or i''- Ikuisc of worship. 

The Jlethodist Ivpiscopal church of Chestet ■' was formed about 
1860 01' 1S61. Work was commenced on a chin.-; iMiii. liut the war 
broke out and it Avas allowed to stand in an TiiifiiM- ,:,, ,: coiiuitioa for \wo 
or three j^ears, when it was finished at a cost oi ..i'Hil .-};:.', (lOO. Among 
those Avho were active on the orgaiiization of tlii i.sin f^^itioii and tlu; 
erection of its spiritu.-il home may be meutioiied .!• ! ■ Whidnan, Gilbert 
Morgan, I). N. Hoptcins. Albert E. "Letts, 'Willi^i' i v^v. y. lleury Ilage- 
man and J. W. Stewart, all of whom gave liber.ili . ■■., ai\l tin; establish- 
ment of the church. The pastoi' of this chuii-l 'HI 2 was the Rev-. 
C. A. Ther.' is also a M<'lhodist churcl , W iirrlt i-. Wvx. J. P. 
Cox, pastrii-, and Iblhodist ineetiiifi's have b,-. n M in \ariiius })or- 
tions of the county in tlte school houses, privat'- ;■■ 'iiiec, oi- iialls, but. 
the above include all the representative Methocii.-' L'niHcnpal congrega- 
tions and houses of wo^'ship in the county. On .' ■■:y\ 'J.'':, a Swcdi:ih 

niSTOT^v OK voiriMiij (- rr.'fy <: 299 

]\icLuodist cl)un;;i was organized at CIic&m . ' lu :-^-'^' tlu- nu.\( y^'t'' n ••i'ureh 
was erected at a cost ol' some f);()0(). 'llie tif; i p v f ii v:v;. licx . ( '. -1 ^ ' isson 
and tho Jiumlier of memliers at the liiii'' of l/i" n-vi'iii/auon wua only 
tAV( Ivc. Within 1hroe yonrr; afttir the c.hiicch m- t;? n ill" tin- in- mi!h ivship 
h,nfl ivaelied forty-flTe. The first tnislo.-s oi' ;!i<' cij.iri-h ^v'■'l ■Ii.'i.u B. 
Limdberg, August Meiin and August Pvf.-r.-^' i ■ •■ •i)u!ini;cd 1 sorve 
in that capacity for several years and wore ad i . ■ ■.; ;..iildiJii: u; . ; •■ con- 
gregation. From the heginning tlie churcli li<',. ;J,^^^.ll<•i■ed and i;. ib loday 
one of the substantial religious organizations ol' t''' ; '; (•oun1.\ . Th. pres- 
ent ])astor is Ticv. A. Reese. •) ' ... . 

The fundamental idea of J^resbyterianisiu i> .1 
ministered liy presbyters or a body of elJi'i's. i ■■ 
government of tiiis character was tliat inslitnl. ' 
early part of tlic Sixteentli century, tbougii Jo!;!- 
tlie R(;forjned cliureli, has lieen geiu;)-al]y crii!; 
founder of tho Presbyteriiiti chnreli. Tho lii - 
lishiiient of a se[)arat(' deuoiuinatiou. l)_v tln',. 
calcd by the Waldenses and Calviri, was on !' 
number of the Scottish noblemen met at Edin' • 
First Cov(!nant." In a few years the Presh}'. 
established chureli of Scotland. The doctianc.--. e 
du'-ed into Anici'iea l)y refugees from Euroi)c;iii ' 
of the Seventeenth century, and as tlie marcli oJ' ' i 
l)ut steadily westwai-d. Pi'esbytei-iauism \\:;s 
eliurehes of tiiat faith are to be found in a!v- 
Union. Abouf Die time Porlei- county 
became divided into the Old and N(nv Sc1ie< 1 :'' 
have lieen some sul)divisioiis, sueli as 11;e ■ • , 
Kerormed and the UivJteil Prest)yt( rians. imt ; 
pareut organization have remai)ii'(l uncli.-ingi'd, 

Presbyterian missioiiarics wcvf caT-ly in f. ■ ' in ludi.. One 

of the first to visit Poi-lcr county ^v;is ;i nriu e i';.i;ni.(i, \'. i'.. repre- 

sented lliat tirancli known as the As.sociale lii hv-.r: !*rt'\iC! i,-,;is. On 



My llie iir. 

; ' iirch 

U.' Wald. ;.:.. 

in the 

.in, the oij..... 

•.'.'.or of 

■', illi hci^:;: 

' 1) the 

1 towarci ,■■: 


M- \\w >;. ■- 

■ .idvo- 

r ;!, K-. 

: v.n a 

1 and siiui 

i -'Tlie 

Hiurch ]u-r 

i:iie the 

■ i-.hurcli u'ci' 

( iutro- 

' irs in If'' i' 

■st half 

/.;i liun nu)\ei 

I slowly 

luh'd nuMi 

• oday 

very liai.i:; 1 

nf the 

'.iin/'d. ! ii • 

■ iiui'ch 

.■•Iciians, ill' 

d there 

:nd, Ii. • 


.•ijK,! 1,-:, 

■ r.f the 

,; ' I '' '' 

1.,) , i"ii 
II) •.. 


July 28, 1838, ho oi'gauized BelhU^liem Church of that faith whore tli- 
town of Ilfbroa now stands. The first members of tliis conyregatioii 
were Thomas Dinwiddie, Berliley Oliver and Sanuiel Turner, and tlicir 
wives, John W. and David T. Dinwiikiie, Susanna Dinwiddie, Sr., Sus- 
anna Dinwi(hlie, Ji-., I\Iary IMeCarnehan, Margaret A. and jMargaret J. 
Dinwiddie, and Susan P. West. Shortly after the church was organized, 
Mr. Hannan left and Rev. Wilson Blain became pastor. He remained 
until about 1847, and for the next three years the congregation was with- 
out a pastor. In 1851 Rev. J. N. Buchanan became pastor and reiDaincd 
with (he chui'ch for over thirty years. As the members ^\;ere not in 
aflluent circurastanees, no attempt was made for soiik; time to erect a 
church. Meetings were held at the residences during the winter seasons, 
and in v.'arm weather the groves, "God's first temples," were utilized 
as places of worshii). Mr. Blain urged the members to build a church, 
even though it should be a humble one, and a log house was ei-eeted, 
in which the seats were small logs split in halves with pins for legs to raise 
the seats to the proper height. In 1852 a frame house was built three- 
fourths of a mile south of Hebron, at a cost of $1,200, all of which was 
paid up before the house wa.s occupied. This house was removed to 
Hebron in 1864 and there used as a church until 1879, when a larger 
building was erected, costing $2,500. This congregation is now known as 
the tlnited Presbyterian church, with Rev. C. M. Filer as pastor. 0:i 
Sunday, April 10, 1902, the United Presbyterians of northern Indiana 
met at Hebron, every church in the district being represented. C. 1. 
Gordon was at that time installed as pastor of the Hebron church. Ke- 
ports from the various congregations showed that during t\w. preceding 
year more money had been raised by the church for foreign missions and 
benevolent year than ever before. Communion was celebrated at Hebrct; 
in the morning and at Leroy, Lake county, in the afternoon. 

It is quite probable that some meetings were held by Presbyterians 
in or about Valparaiso during the first three years after se1llrii)i,id,s 
were )nade there, and that sermons were preached by .some of the early 
Presbyterian ministers who came to the county. No attempt was made. 


., , It . .1;.' ■ ..: I .■■';.'! t ■ 

., ,i, ..•..;■ vi:i 

) II, .' 

■a 1 ,'.<u: 

/•ill ■; 



to organize a clnireh, however, iinlil Deeember 4, IS'.'i'J, whei) Kcv. 
Jaines C. Brown, a j'oung liceulialc, preached a sormoii in llic old court- 
liouse. He remained in the coiuily, was soon after oi'daiiied to Uio minis- 
try, and on July o, 1840, assisted by Rev. W. K. jMarshall, of Laporte, 
organized the Valparaiso Presljyterian church. Tlie original members 
of Ihis congregation were James and Isiibel Blair, EJizabolli I\Iartiu, J\l. 
]}. Crosliy, Henry Battan, i\Iary E. Brown, Nancy liin 1, .\liby Salisbury, 
Batlislielja E. llamell and Eli/abetli Marsliall. Jainrs i;lair and M. li. 
Crosl)y were elected elders. Later in the year a ISunday school was or- 
ganized by Mrs. Brown and Hugh A. Browai, the latter a lirother of the 
pastor. The school was a union school and started off with eighteen 
pupils, including practically all the children of the neighborhood. Meet- 
ings were held in the court-house until the spi'ing oL' IH-ll, when a house 
was rented on the south side of Jelferson street just east of Franklin, 
wliere services' w'ere held regular!}' for the next Uxa years. In 1842 the 
congregation began preparations for the erection of a church. The lot 
immediately west of the preseiit Methodist church \\as bought, but when 
it was learned that the Methodist congregation had purchased the lot 
on the corner, it was deemed iiiadvisable to build so close to another 
church and a house of worship was erected on the lot aftcr\vard occupied 
))y Professor Boucher's residence. Here a building 35 by 45 feet in 
size was put up,*^at a cost of $750, exclusive of the labor furnished by 
members of the congregation. It was occupied by the church in 1844, 
though the pews were not put in until five years later. Two noted re- 
vivals were held in this old building — iii 1847 and 1854 — and a number 
of new members thereby added to the church, in 1857 the church 
building was removed to the lot on the south side of ,lerii.'r.s(jn street and 
just west of the alley between Franklin and AVasbiiif^lon streets. ■ At the 
same time an addition of twenty-tive feet was added to if, making its 
length seventy-feet. Other additions in the way of a le<'tiirc room and 
an infant class room were subse(|uently added. 

Mr. Brown continued as pastor of th(' church until ilir breaking out 
of the Civil war, when he entei'ed th(; army as cliaplain of (he P'orty- 

..jiiM.) H 'irfii' 


eighth ludia)ia ijilanliy auil died at Paducah, Kentucky, in July, 18G2. 
During liis irwnistry ol' tM'onry years lie saw the elmrch grow to be one of 
the most important ajid influential Presbyterian con^^regations in nortli- 
ern Indiana. lie wa.s succeeded as pastor by Rev. S. C. Logan, wlVo re- 
mained during tlic war, resigning in July, 1865. Robert Beer was then 
called to the pulpit and remained as pastor until 1884, when he accepted 
a call to the chuieh :it Cedar Grove, Iowa, and Rev. N. 8. Willson i)eeanio 
pastor at ^^ Toward the close of Mr. Beer's ministry a move 
ment was started to build a new church. The lot on the southwest cor- 
ner of Frankli}! and Jeffcr.son streets was purchased and an active can- 
vass for subscriptions to the building fund was inaugurated. Work 
was comlneneed on the new luiilding in 1883, and on Sunday, March 1, 
1885, it was dedicated. Tl^c work of constructiou was carefully watclu-d 
by Artillus V. Bartholoniev.-, a nieinber of the ciuircii, who dcvuled his 
time to that without money and without charge. The dedi(vi 
tory sermon was preached hy Rev. Willis G. Craig, D. D., of the North- 
western Theological Seminary, of Chicago. John D. Wilson, the con- 
tractor who built the Porter comity court-house, also erected the Pres- 
bj'terian church, the two buildings going up sinniltaneously. It is also 
worthy of note that while the new court-house and church wej-e in 
process of construction the sessions of the court were held in the old 
Presbyterian church. The cost of the building was $24,868, all of which 
was fully provided for at the time the church was dedicated. The 
present pastor is Rev. J. M. Gelston, and the number of communicants is 
in the neighl)orlioo<i of i'M). The seating capacity of the house is a1)out 
1,000. There is a tine memorial window to commi'iiioi-;ite the sei'vices 
of Dr. Brown, the lirst jiastoi-, and another to Rol)ert Beer, who served 
the church foi- nearly t«x'nt>' years. 

In connection with this eongregation, it is deemed iippropriate 1() ;ic]d 
a few words concerning the charactei- of Rev. James C'. Brown, the first 
pastor, to whose work iiuich of the j)i-esent jirospeiily of tiie chunli is 
due. Energy and activity weiv his distinguishing characteristics, and 
the church was tlie object of his constant care and solicitation. When 

,i,- : M 

, r , ,; 

I'U'.H.i ' 11(1 

. I 1 ■ '! ■' 

. .1 V.'- ■■■''■:• ' ■ 

niSTOirv OF poj;ter county m?, 

work wiis coui})ienced npon Uio lirst church building, he shouldered his 
ax and went with the others out to Bartholomew's woods to assist in 
felling and hewing the timbers. It is said that he "made a hand" at 
this work, as in ever^'thiug else he undertook. He frequently visited 
the settlements where there were a feu Presliyleriaus and held meetings 
for their benefit. lie org;ini;^cd tlie .Salem church in the westei-n part of 
Porter township and prenched there several times. This congregation 
at lirst held meetings in private residences, Init after a time a house of 
worshiij wa.s erected near the center of section 22, township 31, range 7. 
Some years later the Presbyterian oi'ganizatioji was discontinued and the 
Methodists have since held meetings in the house. 

A Presbj'teriau church was organized in Portage townshij) early in 
the TiOs, and a house was erected by S. P. Robbins in 1852, at a cost of 
$800, more than three-fourths of which was the gift of Mr. liobbins 
himself. Some of the early members of this church wiu'c S. P. Robbins, 
Benjamin Stoddard, Russell Dorr and their wives, Daniel Richardson, 
Francis James, Emily James, a man named Letei's and his sister. Rev. 
James C. Brown was the first preacher. He was followed by a Mr. 
Ilumphrej' and later a minister named Ogden served as pastor. Ser- 
vices were then held at irregular intervals for awhile by ministers from 
various churches, after which the congregation was disbanded, the mem- 
bers joining oth(^r churches, and the ]\Iethodists acquired possession of 
the house, which Avas located on the northwest quarter of section 17, 
township 3(), range 6, about a half mile south of the present village of 

In 1885 a Presbyterian cliurch was organized at Tassinong, near the 
soulherii border of Jlorgan township, and a of worshi]) costing some 
$800 was erected the same year. Joseph Bartholomew and Geopge Big- 
gert eacli gave $150 toward the liuildiiig of the churcli, and the citizens 
assisted in its construction with the undcrslanding that oilier denomina- 
tions should have the i'ree use of the hou.s(^ at times wlieu tlie Presby- 
tcj'ians were not occupying it. Kev. dames 0. lirown was a liberal eon- 
trilmtor to the cause, and for some time acted as pastor, holding services 

1 I ; . ■ ;■ 1 ■■ /'I,-;m l' I '■ il 

. .\.\ti \Ht)l uUH Ail 
lit -'iv/j.d I, ■ . ;i;lt<ibl 
■ i'.v iti Rs .. ,, w ; tdt 

•;, ,1! f-i 


in the niorniug at. Valparaiso and in the arternoou at Tassinoiig. OiIut 
ministers who preached ni tiiis eliurch were S. C. Logan, Robert 
"Williams, S. R. Baker, Henry Cullom and Frank Ferguson, and two men 
named Kinney and Moore. Death and removals decimated the congre- 
gation until the old church at Tassinoiig was finally abandoned. 

On October 29, 1860, an Old School Presbyterian churcli was organ- 
ized at Hebron, with the following members: William Mackey, E. 
Mackey, Gideon and Jane Brecount, A. A. Burwell, Rebecca Burwell, 
Mary E. Hill, Mary Hill, Clark L. and Nancy Tannehill, Margaret M. 
Gill, Carrie M. Wilson, Stella McCollom, Jane Aylesworth and T. C. 
Sweeney. Rev. J. L. Lower was the first pastor, and Amos ^. Burwell 
and William Mackey the first elders. Clark L. Tannehill, T. C. Sweeney 
and Gideon Brecount were elected the first board of trustees. In June, 
1873, the congregation bought the old school-house and fitted it up for 
church purposes. For a time the congregation was connected with the 
one at Crown Point and later with the one at Tassinong. About 187f'. 
the membership was somewhere near forty, but five years later it had 
dwindled to twenty-five. The only Presbyterian church in Hebron ni 
1912 was the United Presbyterian organization, already mentioned. 

In June, 1840, a few persons belonging to the Christian church, who 
had settled in Morgan township, got together and formed a society, the 
first of that denomination in Porter county. Among the early members 
were 'Henry S. Adams, Lewis Comer, George W. Turner and Joseph Mc- 
Connell, and their wives, Thomas Adams, Elias Cain, Mrs. Baum and 
Mrs. Elizabeth Stoner. Lewis Comer was the first elder, and H. S. 
Adams the first deacon. After the congregation was firmly established, 
a brick church, costing about $2,000, was erected on the southeast quar- 
ter 01 section 18, township 34, range 6, about a mile and a half north of 
the present village of Maiden. Rev. Lemuel Shortridge preached for 
this church, off and on, for about thirty years. Other ministers who 
filled the pulpit at times were Rev. Robert Johnson, Rev. M. Goody- 
koontz, and Rev. W. Lowe. Like most country churches, this one has 
never made much noise or shown a large membership roll, but the few 

,0'i '-K' ."">'if'.'il 


.tl(;i.'lU<-.';A ^ 

;ii l>. 

,.•.(!.;•/ !:^ .■•■vjm '>di (xi 

c^r-.''.U ,!!'r/nu:i •/■- A ,iuio;w 

l.„,,;^,„a vi,.:.-!ic .a ,..:.;a.v> "'■^■''' 

ri,-a.:ri -ii-i 

,U17 -MlO -il' .^ ::;:VV"Ol-.0 

,, ., ......uiiw «d;0 ..T^x <o-'''l' ^-'^"'^ 


who liave belonged to it at different times liave generally been faithful in 
the tnscharge of their Christian duties. 

A Christian church was organized at Boone Grove at an early date, 
where it is still maintained, though it has never boasted a large member- 
ship, and several times in its history it lias been without a regular pastor 
for months at a time. 

Tlie Christian church in Valparaiso had its beginning in 1847, when 
a small society was organized by Rev. Peter T. Russell. Some of the 
charter members were : Mrs. P. T. Russell, Elias Axe, Agnes Axe, James 
Purely and wife, AVilliam W. and Belinda Jones, Cai'oline Russell and 
Mary A. Baum. Peter T. Russell was the first pastor. For a time the 
meetings were held in private residences, rented hall, and on special 
occasions in the court-house. In 1852 Elias Axe purchased from Mrs. 
Hamell the old brick scliool-house on Jefferson street between Wa^Jiing- 
ton and Franklin, and it was used as a church until 1869. Then for a 
period of about five years meetings were held in private houses, the 
court-house, and the old German Lutheran church on the corner of 
Wasliington and Institute streets. In 1874 work was commenced on a 
brick church on the north side of Chicago street near Franklin. This 
building, which cost $3,200, was occupied hy the congregation until the 
spring of 1888, when it was torn down and the present building erected 
upon the site. Some of the pastors during this period were P. T. Rus- 
sell, Lewis Comer, Charles Blackman, W. "W. Jones, Lemuel Shortridge, 
R C. Johnston, W. R. Lowe, I. H. Edwards and H. B. Davis. William 
Thomas, an architect of Chicago, drew the plans for the present church 
edifice, and the building committee was composed of H. B. Bro\vn, D. P. 
Jones, E. D. Crumpacker, B. F. Perrine, L. M. Pierce and T. M. Shreve. 

'^■j delay was encountered in the ocction of the building,' which was 
forirudly dedicated on Sunday, December 16, 1888, the sermon on that oc- 
easiou being preached by Rev. J. H. 0. Smith, the pastor of the church. 
Thi building cost about $20,000, and has a seating capacity of 1,000. 
The pastors who served the church since the present house of wor- 
ship was erected have been J. II. 0. Sniitli, J. C. Updike, John L. Brant, 

[.!i:i !l■^^;^.:; .n:.;fr!;ij ,.:,.i,>T, hfiiulv'i tars .Y/ mi.^MiW .')1i-v ba;^ 't.b-n/l 

..i!j I ■-;• .■ •',)'■[ ■"-';■.;.( ):.-iO i' r';/i 'iM 

■ - lui^'KV/ 1-; iv/J,.i )'-i-:iii l!t)K•^^,rl^i. ijo ytinoJ-loori'i;- i.;>?'l(J „. ^Xi 

I. -(o'l. u .11 r Or)r; ii.nitj uD-tiJiJ') h ,::■ b >H) ?Bw ji I'Mii ai.l/ifiB-A Loi; nol 

" V MiT^i'j Lijii iv ■•<•,''!. I'l fi/ri!>;*o 'fo •::!-; bni, ,. 

i; n''> !)■/:'). ■i.:--!;.v.v r-'- '.' *;■)'•' tv^^t :ii .RT-j-rtl? .•lo.tiJi'.aT f.os x' > 

'--'f:)vu! ■vj.iii'ilitid 
•■ rj ■) <-| '..tsv/ i 

jusilifvY .t-i'.-sM .;l .H i)ai'. Ebiiivvi . 

-.■>o JiifiJ no n... .... - ■ 

.doiaiis sdt io •iviinq 3dt .dlimg .0 .H 

OS-I ,'- ' 


Jii-uce Brown .■mcl Claude E. Hilt. TJic last uameJ is the pastor in 1'J12, 
hnviug been called to the pulpit in 1910. A new parsonage is now 
(July, ]912,) ai der construction, which, when completed will have cost 
about $3,600. The mimlei- of members in 1912 was about 1,450. 

About the liiiie this >.'liurch removed into its ne^v house of worship iii 
1888 a Christian church was organized at Koiits. Some of tlie trai'.- 
pings and furniture of lln' old Christian church at Valparaiso were given 
to the Kouls church to hflp the new congregation in efiuipping its home. 
On July 20, 1912, the will of Rose Yoder, of Kouts, was filed in the pro- 
bate court of Porter cuiiiity. ^\mong other bequests was one of $500, 
which the will stipulated should be safely deposited in .some bank iiud 
the interest usc<] to aid in paying the salary of the Christian minister at 
Kouts. A like sum wa.s to be deposited in bank and the interest allowed 
to accumulate for fifty .years, when the entire sum should be given to 
the church, to be used as the congregation might elect. 

A Christian church was organized at Hebron in Januarj"-, 1870, wilii 
twenlj"-six incmbers, among whom were Joseph Dye and wife, Sarah 
Essex, Ellis Ilutl' and wife, Viola Robiu.son, Sarah A. Johnson, Isaac 
Margison, Mrs. Blood, and Mr. and Mrs. Montgomery. Joseph Dye 
was the first deacon, and I\Irs. Mary E. White was the first person to le 
baptized after the church was organized. Lemuel Shortridge was the 
firsf^iastor, serving the congregation for about three years, when he i.vas 
succeeded bj' William Wheeler. Other ministers who served as pastor of 
this church were William R. Lowe, William L. Streeter, I. H. Edwards, 
John Ellis, Ji. 13. Davis and A. C. Carter. A house of worship was 
erected in 1878, at a cost of $1,100. This house was practically rebuilt 
in the spring of 1910, when some $7,000 were expended in enlarging and 
improving it, llie iirst services in the new building being held on Sunday, 
May 22, 191(1 The pasltu' in 1912 was Rev. S. W. Brown. 

In 1850 a Reformed ilcnnonite church, was organized in Valparjiiso. 
After holding meetings in jirivate residences for aliout twenty yt-.trs, 
they purchased the old bi'ick school-house on AVillow street, where the 
church still lia.s its home. Although the membershiji is small, and the 


V I; ' r 'J 

■;»-i r.-^ib 

IIISTOI.'Y OF i'()l{Tl-;K COUNTY 307 

eoiifj^rofration is fre(|uc)i(ly without a rc^MiIar pastor, iiic('ti!i;,'s are lifld 
regularly, ;.ii the I'onns and eereuioiiies of tlieir peculiar laith beiug 
Taitli fully observed. 

A correct and authoitic account of the Catholic ehuicli in Porter 
county is somewhat ditficult to obtain. There were a few Catliolics liv- 
ing in tlie vicinity of Valparaiso in the decade from 1840 to 1850, and 
there is a stoi'y to the effect that the lirst mass ever said in that i^ortion 
of the county was on the northwest (|uarter of section 35, township 35, 
range 6, about two miles northwest of the court-house, but the time and 
name of llie ]iriest seeui to have been forgotten. Priests fi'om Notre 
Dame and other places sometimes visited the few Catholics residing 
about Among thc^se early missionaries mey be mentioned 
Father Kilro.y, Father Curley, Fatlio- Cointet and Father Paul Gillen, 
familiarly Imown as Father Paul. It was through his elTorts that St. 
Paul's Church was commenced, though he left before it was completed, 
and for a lime no efforts were made to finish the building or to hold reg- 
ular services. When the slate of Indiana was divided and Pt. Rev. J. 
H. Luers was made bishop of the northern diocese, one of the first official 
acts wa.s to endeavor to establish a resident priest in Valparaiso. First 
came Father Clarke, but for some reason he did not remain long. He 
Avas succeech'd by Hev. George Hamilton, an able man, but he, too, left 
in a short tiia&. About that time the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago 
railroad was under construction, and many of the Catholics about Val- 
paraiso belonged to that that follows work of such character, roving 
from place to place as i)ublic works or railroads were to be built. Such 
per.sons, while true to their religious belief in a way, are not deeply in- 
terested in the establishment of churches. 

A small number of Catholics, however, settled down in the county 
and purchased lands. In time they became able to support a resident 
pastor and Rev. John Force came to establish a pai'ish. lie was a man 
of line ability, possessed good social <iualities, and woidd have succeeded 
in liis mission, but his tieath occuj'red soon after coming io N'aljiaraiso. 
Next came I'^alher Potli, a .splendid seliolar, but lacking id all those 

iiillM'. i<; ■;'■ :li 

..; • '-•.■. I. 11 ■ ' ■<'' ■...l| i 

!'■ .•if.d'. Y_-,MitJiil' 

■Kt" '!< .: •' u ■ ' I. )■ ■ .' ■.' ■ fiiVSK-. K 

.1 . •. . ■••:■' .i'l U I .1 :; • ■■ • «•:(! ■•' ,:, ■• iUuUi ' 

i I ' • ' ' I 'ur-i,- ■' : vir.ii'.i,' :Hti III Ulc 

I ^ , ' , • ',!'!::■ :■ -if! I !• 

' . :i. ' ; li'i 1 ;J lo t 'r'"-i , (;.' OV ifiOiiU ,i'r '>-iiB\ 

■.,;.'.. ,, _ ■ ■ ■ . ,■■■■< ■ 'U: ■■■I, it\- 

l!"! ' ■/ ■.■) -...I ■ »• ;! v.„w,l' .1.. , .. •■ ;i ; ■ ; . , ;,ll 


traits that made his prcilceessor poiuilar. Jn a short time he became in- 
volved in controversies and law-suits, until he was finally recalled by the 

After Father Botti came Kev. ]\Iichael O'Roilly. who succeeded wlicre 
others had failed, and for nearly twenty-five yeai-s remained as the popu- 
lar and efficient pastor of St. Paul's. Father O'Reilly was born in 
County "Westnieath, Ireland, January 29, 1834, a son of John ami Aim 
(BenuctL) O'Reilly. His father died in 1841 and his mother married 
again. In 184G, although a mere boy, Michael became a member oP one 
of the clubs whose members were di'iiouneed as rebels Ijy the Brilisli 
government, and in 1848 he fled to America. He had an uncle living 
at Ulica, New York, and there he found a home. At the age of s:'ven- 
teen he began teaching. Later he attended Obijrlin College, Oberlin, 
Ohio, until his junior yeiir, when he entered the Catholic college of Notre 
Dame, at South Bend, Indiana. Afler preparing himself in Uiis institu- 
tion he attended St. Mary's Seminary, Cincinnati, Ohio, where he 
finished his course and was ordained to the priesthood. Being assigned 
to the norlhei-n Indiana diocese, he was sent by the to Valparaiso, 
where he served until liis death on August 4, 1887, due to a strohe of 

When Father O'Reilly arrived at V'alparaiso, about the beginning of 
the y^ar 1SG3, lie found llic parish suiiir .$1,000 in dr;bt, the church closed 
by an injunction of the court, and sentiment divided among the members 
of the parish. Notwithstanding all these difficulties, he went to werk, 
aud by his energy and personality suoji Avon the confidence of the peo])le^ 
Unal)le to secure possession of the elnireli building, he rented a hall, im- 
provised an altai-, and there lield sitn i'\'s every Sunday until in April, 
1863, when he was permiued to take jiossession of the church, his first 
mass there being said on Easter Sunday. His nr>;t step was to rej-air 
the building, which had been allowed In run to partial decay uniler 
Father Botti 's i^astorate, and when it was in condition opened a simhU 
school. Father O'Reilly's greatest cojieern was fo' the educatioji of 1he 
children of his inirish. lie therefore erected a school-house before iimk- 

; (, ,:■! j„ ,, ,,,; ji ij .; ,viiifj| ■ti :\\ 

■ .1 ,11 1 Hilf.l r 


iiig any effort to provide a better Louse of worship. The school building 
cost about $8,000. Not until 1SS() did he stai-t I he movement for a new 
church building. The corner-stone of the present St. Paul's Church 
was laid on Sunday, October 7, 188o, by Bishop Tnvenger, of Foi't Wayne, 
assisted by priests from Foi-t AV;;yuc, Notre I v me, AVarsaw, Plymoutli 
and other places, some 8,000 or 10,000 people witnessing the ceremonies. 
On October 17, 188G, the church was dedicated by Bishop Dwenger. The 
building is 153 feet long, with a transept of 95 feet, a 65 feet nave and a 
spire nearly 200 feet in height. It is one of the largest Catholic churches 
in Northern Indiana and cost $40,000. Father O'Reilly lived less than » 
year after the church was finished, but the building stands as a monu- 
ment to his labors and fine exeeutive ability. The present priest is Rev. 
AV. S. Hogan. 

"When the Lake Shore & ]\Iieliij^an Southern j-ailway was l)eing built 
through Porter county, a large nuitiber of Catholics were employed upon 
the construction work. Some of tliem settled in the neighborhood of 
Chesterton, and a Catholic church was organized there in 1857 by Father 
Kilroy. For several j'ears the was without a ehiirch building or 
a resident priest. Father Kilroy was succeeded by Father Flyun, and 
the latter by Rev. Paul Gillen. Ni'.vt Father Lawler, the resident Catho- 
lic priest at Laporte, came once a month to the Chesterton parish. Thus 
matters went on until in 1867, when the people asked Bishop Luers to 
send them a resident jiriest. The recpiest was granted and the congre- 
gation purchased a house and lof, where llie churcli was afterward 
erected, and Rev. John Flynn was duly installed as pastor. Two years 
later his death occurred and P'atlier O'Rourke took charge of the parish. 
The value of the church property at that tiiuc was about $500. A new 
church was built iu 1876, at a cost of about $13,000, and in 1882 a resi- 
dence was built for the priest at a cost of $3,000. The church was named 
in hojior of Ireland's patron saiiif, and the of St. Patrick, itt 
Chesterton, is one of Ihe prosiiciuiis Ca.lholi(; communities of northerji 
Indiana. Rev. Lawrence Eberle is llie present pastor. 

In 1857 the Swedish Lutlieraus Jiving about Bailly To^\•ll, in W(-st- 

,..M:-I ..,)■ 

^ ...1 M„ ..L.0[. 


clicslcr townsliip, orgJinizi^d n clnirch lotder the ministry of Kev. A. 
Audrain, witli ahout thirty members. Following Mr. Audrain came 
Revs. Sjoblom, N.vqiiist and Sodergrim, wJio .'^er^•ed until 1880, when Rev. 
Andrew Challraaii hecaine i.astor. A church building was erected in 
1863, at a cost of .$2,000, and not long afterward a parsonage and sehool- 
liouse were buill. Some of the iiu'nil)er.s who had attended at Bailly 
Town organized the Swedish Lutheran cluirch at Chesterton in 187!), 
and nnmediatcly built a niee l)rick church, at a cost of $5,000. For some 
time one pastor served both congregations, but in recent j'ears the two 
congregations are entirely independent of each other. Fraternal feeling 
exists, however, and both churches ai'e in a prosperous condition. Rev. 
J. B. Bennett is j)astoj- of one and Rev. J. E. Nystrom of the otlier. 

Several German familii>s settled at Valparaiso about 1850. Most of 
them were Lutherans, though no eli'ort Avas made to organize a church of 
that denomination until 1S()2. By that time there were probably forty 
or fifty German families in the inuuediate vicinity of the town, and when 
a Lutheran minister iiamed Jahn came from Ilolstein in that year they 
asked him to orgajiize a church and become its pastor, which Wcos done. 
Not long afterward a division occurred, some of the members going to the 
Reformed church, but the Lutheran congregation went on, and Rev. J. 
P. Beyer w^ engaged as pastor. Under his ministry the church was 
fully organized, and services were held in rented (]uarters milil 18G5. 
A frame building to be used as both churcli and scliool-house, was 
erected in that year on the corner of Pink and Academy streets, and 
Rev. G. Meyer was engaged to succeed Mr. Beyer. Under his ministra- 
tions the church increased iu membership, and the congregation began 
to look about for more commodious accomodations. At this juncture 
it was learned that the propei-ty Ijclonging to the Unitarian church was 
to be sold by the sheriff, and in 1880 the Lutherans nuidc an offer for it, 
which was accepted, and the church passed into their luinds. Here their 
meetings were held until the present buihling of the lunuanuel Evan- 
gelical Lutheran clnii-eh was erected on the corner of Washington and 
Institute streets in 18!)1. 'IMie jU'csent pastor is Rev. C. W. Baer. 

,'• ,1 {•■ V. ■-•riiii:. out -1 w ' ■ '■' "'I" ;''■■!'//• 

(,.■.,-/.' .;y.'r,r 'it III. Ix,i .<.:'.■ II.-. '■■■ >/ <. J i ^ v/ , 'soW'.f.^ 

'iij !•• '■>','; 'I'^TWil 


I-.'/ (l 

1 .-.1 


1 , 'if 

• ' ■ • ' ■ 1 

. ,.:;';'iUirJ '. 

:>- ;, 

l'. .f.'-Vl '■ ■.!.!' 



Some years ago St. John s Evaugi-lical Lutlierau Church was oi-gan- 
ized and a small fhureh erected at the corner of Lincoln avenue and 
Pj-an)din street. For some reason the congrc'gation did not jn'osper. In 
1912 the ehu)-eh was witliout a r(*ideut pastor, and it was rumored that 
the property was to be sold. 

In ISSO the German Lutherans of Kouts built a small frame church, 
at a cost of -$600, with Rev. Philip Smitli as pastor. He was succeeded 
liy Rev. Julius Dunsing. At the time this church was erected it was the 
only chixrch building in Pleasant township. The congregation had been 
holding meetings in the seliool house since about 1873. The pastor of 
the chinch in 1912 was Rev. Ilicks Ilicken. 

About tlie time that the Lutheran church of Koiits had its inception, 
a German Lutlieran congregation, known as St. John's Evangelical 
Lutheran Church, was organized at Chesterton. A church building 
was commenced in the fall of 1880, under the ministry of a preaclier 
named Ilammon, who was the tirst pastor, and it was finished in April, 
1881. The churcli numbered but twelve members wlien it was organized, 
but by 1880 the membership had reached forty-five. Among the active 
members were Pred Lindermann, Charles Warnhoff, Henrj' Dormaji, 
William Slout, Charles Bancke, Pred Lawrentz and a jMiss Albright. 
It was diie to the effoi'ts of these menibei-s that the little band raised 
$2,000 to p<^y for the church. The pa.stor in 1912 was Rev. George 

The Unitarian society of Valparaiso was organized in 1872, and 
purchased the building of the Reformed church. Revs. Powell, Carson 
and Parker served as ministei-s for a few years, biit the congregation got 
into financial difficulties and was forced to sell the cliurch property to 
the Lutherans as already st<ated. After a fe\v years the society gave up 
the ghost. 

"Union IMission Church," an organization of a somewhat peculiar 
character, was formed at Hebron in 1877. A ehureh costing about .$2,000 
Wt'is erected the next year, with Hiram Marsh, William Netherby and B. 
Blanchard as trustees, and William Fry, James King and L. Temple as 

,., li.M 

, , , ', , v,,,'M,-|,' 


deacons. Dissensious arose an '' in April, 1882, some forty members of 
the old (..jugi'egation took pobSL-.ssion of the property and organized a 
CongregaLional cliun'li. W. M. Watt and William Fry were elected 
deacons; James King, J. G. Gib; on, James Alyea, A. Blanchard and B. 
F. Goss'tl, trustees, and Rev. L- A. Smith \va« called to the pulpit. Tlie 
records do not show what became of tliis organization, but it is no louder 
in existence. 

Early in the Nineteenth century th(; ^dose connection betAveen church 
and state in Great Britain brought about a spirit of discontent in both 
England and Ireland. Aleetings to give cxin'cssion to this discontent 
were held in Dublin, Plymouth and Bristol, at which miuistei-s urged 
"a spiritual communion based on the teachings of the New Testament." 
The meeting at Plymouth was the most important, and a new sect was 
formed, tlie members of which took the name of Believere, Christians 
or Brellireu, but the fact that the denomin.ation originated at Plymouth 
led to their generally being called Plymouth Brethren. In 1878 a few of 
these people organized a communit.y in Valparaiso, and for some time 
held meetings oh the third floor of S. S. Skinner's block on Main street. 
Conditions here were different from those in England and Ireland, where 
the sect was first established, and after a short and uncertain career the 
Valparaiso community Avas disbanded. 

The Episcopal church in America is a direct descendant of the Chureli 
of England. In the establishment of English colonies in America it was 
usually stipulated that the laws passed by such colonies should conform 
to the "true Christian faith' and rtligiou as now professed in the Estab- 
lished Church." In 1784 a nuinbcr of clergymen assembled at Bruns- 
wick, New Jersej^ and adopted a resolution to the effect "that the Ameri- 
can church :sliould be indcpendeul of all foreign authority, ecclesiastical 
a,s well as civil." Tlie adoption of tliis resolution marked the beginning 
of the Protestant Episcopal churcl: in the United States. In form of 
government, the Episcopal ehurcb is modeled after thai of tlie Koman 
Catholic. Lidiana Avas made a dio. rse at a conipai'ativel.v early date, and 
was for ,vcav.s under the episcopate of Bishoj) John J. Kniekerliai.'ker, of 

,.iid .A ■ ')l- ■■"" ■'■ 


■v'tnr .■.',, I 


liidicuiapoji... Ill his trnvols ovnr the state lio visited Valparniso, where 
ho found a few members of tlie faith and urged the orgauizBtion of a 
permaueut chuiv-h. They Avere few in numbci-s and not financially 
strong, and conscinently Jiesitated to take the step advised by the bishop. 
However, sfri-vircs were held oceasioiially in halls and private residences. 
Rev- George ]\foore, of I\ronienee, lUiuois, and Dlher priests visiting the 
city for Ihiit purpose. T^pon tlie deatli of Hisliop Ivnickerha'ker, the 
state was divided and Jit. Ilev. John II. Wliite was made bishop of the 
northern diocese. He established his see city at Michigan City and 
began an active campaign in the interests of the church. Upon the 
occasion of a visit to Valparaiso he enlisted the cooperation of Charles 
II. Parkei-, -I. S. Wilcox, A. ^V. Baruliart, M. A. Snider, J. C. Rock and a 
few others for the establishment of a church. St. Andrew's mission M'as 
organized, a hall hired, and Rev. L. W. Applegate was assigned to the 
parish as resident jiriest. In the s))ring of 1902 the lot at ths; .southeast 
corner of Franklin and Erie streets was purchased and work was com- 
menced upon a frame building 32 by 64 feet, with a tower twelve feet 
squai'e- The building was completed in due time, and was formally dedi- 
cated on July 6, 1902. The present pastor is Rev. Walter B. AVilliam.son. 
In addition to the church organizations aliove mentioned, an atla.s of 
Porter county published in 190C shows several country churches in 
different parts of the county. On section 15, township 36, range 7, in 
Portage township, near the Lake county line, is a small church. 
Near Clear Lake, in Jackson township, on section 24, township 36, range 

5, is marked a church. Tlicre are two churches shown in lauon town- 
'ship — one on the norllr.vest quarter of section 24, township 35. range 7, 

and the other on the southwest qaai'ter of section 29, township 35, range 

6. In Wasliinglon township thei'e is a chunh marked on the northwest 
qiuuter of s(>etion 15, township 35, range 5, about two miles northwest of 
the old village oJ' Pratl\illi' on tlie La])orte road. This is known as the 
Pleasant Yicw (Jhurcli. The reeords of these churches have jiot been 
carefully ke])t, and to obtain a history of them would be jii'actically 
inqiossible. While most of 1liem nominally belong to some jjartieular 

'I/,- i ) );. l\K .^i-.ti'. '.i. r ', . / /ii .r 'lid' ii - 'iin-iq 

'■:•':' I '■ U',. .:■/') : ; 1,1- O.r v 1, ' i ,■!•':-.■• '"■.n ii:iC-) i>n i . , fio'i IH 

.)M.^ii..i';'' 1 . ..'■;. '•Mi' I 'I ■ila'iii,.-'i:.L ).; . ■• ' ■ ■ -r r- ■ K 

'.'■■■• '; tf. t.. t;. -'i' :v ' i- i-'f ■ -H .X9Wif> IJ"!';!: ttOU 

.r.<-.!rij .•)! t '!• V;m *I f ,!• 


deuoinination, miiiisteis uf all faitlis aud beliefs are usually welcome to 
occupj' their pulpits, ns there has never been any serious strife among 
the several denominations represented in the county. In Valparaiso 
there is a society of Christian Scientists, numbering about twenty or 
twenty-five members, ^vhich meets every Sunday on the- corner of Wash- 
ington and Monroe streets. 

A Young Men's Christian Association and a Young Women's Christ- 
ian Association liavo been estalilislied in the city or Valparaiso. The 
former is located at G03 College Place, and the latter at 554 College 
avenue The organization of tliese two associalions is due in a grcut 
mcjisure to the management of the Valparaiso University, in order that 
the students may have some place to assemble where they will be brought 
under Christian influences. Taken altogether, there are few counties 
in the state in whicli the spirit of true religion prevails to a greater 
degree than in the coiuily of Porter. Altliougb many of the citizens do 
not hold membership in any church, the infliicuce of the law-abiding, 
God-fearing people who compose the church membership is felt by all. 
As a result of this influence the moral status of the community has been 
kept upon a high pbuu', and the court records show very few arrests 
for serious violations of law or disrespect for the individual rights of 
the citizen. 


, ..-I- ■. (, . ,. ■MJ.:'. V-1'IV'.' ■-* "1.1' l''';!t '. ,,-!■■■<■•■■■■.:■ ■.,■.: /,li'.',.l 

-i »■■■'!:' ),,: . . ' l;0 1---J;; ,). rtf 'V 








When the actual settlcmctit- of Porter coiuit.y began in 18.33 there 
were still quite a number of Pottawatomie Indians living within the 
confines of the .county. Altbougli these Indians were generally friendly 
in their relations with the whites, the two races sometimes came danger- 
ously near a conflict. Among the early settlers of Westchester township 
was Jacob Beck, who came to Porter county in 1835. He was fond of 
hunting, and on one of his visits to ^lichigan City purchased a new 
rifle. On his M'ay home lie pas.sef! by an Indian village or encampment 
and 'a "big brave" asked to look at the new gun. As soon as he received 
it in his bands he hurried into bis wigwam. Knowing be would hide the 
rifle if given a few mir.ulos time, Beck jumped from his horse and 
started in pursuit. lie was a jiowei'ful man physically and had no 
trfuililc in wresting the rifle from the hands of tbe savage, but other 
Indians immediately appeared, and Beck realized that bis safety lay in 

315 ' ' " ■'■ ' ^ 

,, ' .-17/ 

• ! ' -.i.-isn'. 

.t(i ,. ".',. -,■■.: 
■ :,':>(■• I u ''ii ii: 

ir. .. - li' ■: /'./■It, 

■ M/iv ■'[ ..fir, 
..:■': ,■:■■ ')M,r.- 


getting away from there as' sooii as iiossible. Vaulting into his saddle, 
Ii> attempted to start his horse, when the Indian from whom the gnu had 
been taken grabbed hold of the reins and compelled the horse to stasid 
still. Without stopping to eonsidor what the consequences might he. 
Beck brought the heavy gun barrel down upon llie Indian's head with 
suiiicient force to "lay him out." Before the others could rally to tlic 
support of their i'allen comrade Beck w-as under full gallop, and was 
KDon out of immediate danger. Feeling certain that he would be pur- 
sued, upon reaching his home he told his wife; wliat he had done, and 
tliat night they slept in tiie woods near their home, expectijig vwvy 
minute to hear the war-whoop or see the flames of their burning cabin, 
tired by the torch of the savages. The next morning Colonel John 
Whistler went to the Indian village ajid by some persuasion, and probalily 
a few threats, induced tlie inhabitants to drop the matter. Beck was 
not further molested. 

On another occasion Beck was lying down in his cabin, taking a nap, 
when a big Indian came and asked for something to eat. Not satisfied 
with Mrs. Beck's statement that she had nothing for him, he entered the 
house and began searching for food. Beck was ai'Oiised by the noise 
and lost no time in kicking the Indian out. The savage then counted 
upon his lingers to indicate that in a little while he would come bacj^ 
with ten men and wreak vengeance upon the pale face who had humili- 
ated him. The door of the cabin was barricaded and other defensive 
preparations made to recieve the Indians in case they should a])pe<'i)\ 
In a short time thej' came, and it so liiippened that Beck knew the leader. 
A parley ensued, in which it was decided to settle tlie dispute by a 
wrestling jnatch. Beck allowed nine of the Indians to throw him; tlic 
tenth was the one he had ejected from his cabin but a short time before, 
and he refused to wrestle with the man whom lie liad kicked out, saying 
that he did not oljject to wrestling with men, but lie would not wrestle 
witli a dog. This turned the laugh on tlie defeated Indian and lluy 
went away in good spii'its. 

Near the old town of I'l'attville w., ; an Indian vilhige of al)ou( ]0() 

'•■■ .«' i ^v''*'' 

i>.t I',. J' i 


,11 ; ■. .!'j 

:[• .,1 r. .; 


or more inhabitants. These Indians amio.Mid ihe white settlers in the 
neigh horliootl by pelly thievery, but they nev^-.v committed an.y serious 
depredations. In this village lived two Indians named Wap-muk (or 
Wak-niiiek) and Clia-uin-a-win, wlio were not the best of friei:ds. On 
one occasion, after these two had iin})i})ed sulilieicnt "fire water," each 
imagined himself Id be Ihe other's superioi-. A fight ensued ii^ which 
Wap-muek was victorious, bcciiiisc his opponent was too dniii!: 'o put 
up a good fight. Fearing that he would be called upon to figh1 a second 
time when Cha-nin-a-win was sober, and being uncertain as to the result 
of such a conflict, Wap-niuk took time by the forelock one day by siiooting 
off the top of Cha-nin-a-win 's head as he lay asleep under a trie. Some 
of the while men living in the %i(:inity were inclined to have Wiip-muk 
arrested and tried l)y the white man's law. According to Iiiiji;iu cus- 
toms, the life of the murderer was subject to forfeit, but a c.': promise 
was finally effected, b.y which AA'aji-nuik was made to give to liie squaw 
of the vicliin a certnin inimber of ponies and a quantity of valuable 
furs. As C'ha-nin-a-win was will known to l)e a drunken, ■■.orthless 
Indian, the price fixed upon liis life was placed sufficiently low (hat his 
slayer could pay it without serious inconvenience. The happy ending 
of the whole affair was celebrate d liy a banquet, to which G. "\V. !>artholo- 
mew was invited, and at which Ihe "piece de resistance" was a fat dog. 
It is not known whether or not Mr. Bailliulomcw accepts: the in- 

About 1886 or 1837, Simeon Bryant, who rottled near I^n n • Grove 
in 183."), liiid as a servant a young woman named Catheriin- Sjidoris. 
One day. >rliile the family was alisent from limine, the house ■, ■ visited 
by a J)art.^ of Indians. While they were tli<M-e Miss Sardoris i. lurned, 
and as she came aroiind the cornci- of the hoiise was startled !' discover 
an Indian ])ointin,ir his gun at her. As a iiiutter of fact, liu- Indian 
knew nolliiiig of tlu! girl's i)rescnce and was merelj' aiming his gun at 
some imapinary foe oi' game ani-nal. The girl did not Icnov. 'i' ., how- 
ever, and lied for tlie woods neai' hy. The Indians called to hi-r io stop, 
intending to explain (hat they did not wish \n harm her. but Hi ir cries 


.)••'? it:/ i<>'_) . ■■■>'T yr.flT I.' 

'" '-'■ ', ■ -A' .' ■ : ■vi.,-'' ( : I uiy, -,;-:.!;. ,. ;'; ,i 

■f 1.-: ;-. :'j!i' (: . ',•1.1 ,i \ t ■{ v l\ v • "" ^ , ■ , ., 

I .'-r ;; M 


only added to liei- speed and slic kept on until she found the friendly 
shelter of the timber. "When Air. IJryant and his family returned, the 
Indians told them what had happened. A searching party was organ- 
ized, but the girl was not found until the next day, having pa.ssed the 
night in the woods under the impression that all the members of the 
Bryant family had been slain. 

There were a number of such incidents occurred during the few 
yeai-s the Indians I'emained in the county after the coming of the first 
settlers, but the greatest annoyance on account of the Pottawatomics 
came through their begging propensities. They would come to a settlers 
cabin and ask for food. If it was given them, the housewife might 
prepare for a second visit, for it was sure to come. As the Indians 
became better acquainted they would look around and select some little 
trinket, perhaps of little value, and ask that it be given to them. The 
next request would be for something more valuable, their begging being 
conducted with diplomacy and always in an ascending ratio. The set- 
tlers soon found out that the best waj' to get along with them was to 
refuse all requests and send them about their business. Though the 
Indians pretended to be offended at such treatment, they rarely, if 
ever, showed their resentment by hostile actions, probably realizing that 
the arm of "Uncle Sam" was long enough to protect his childi-en upon 
the frontier. 

Mention has been made in a former chapter of Reason Bell, Jr., who 
was the first white child born in Porter countj'. His birth occurred on 
January 11, 1834. At the age of fifteen years he lost one of his feet 
through an accident, and at the age of eighteen became deputy county 
auditor. "When the Republican party was oi'ganized, although not yet 
twenty-one years of age, he took a leading part in the management of 
that party's aifaii-s. In 1857, at the age of twenty-three, he was elected 
county auditor and sen'ed for eight years. In 1870 he was ag'ain elected 
auditor and held the oiYice for eight years, making sixteen yeaj-s in all. 
He also served as justice of tlie peace in Center townsliip. lie died on 
July 15, 1899. Ilis father died in 1867 and his motiier in 1881. 

J 'Jl.l 


:i; "•! 

■'U ' * ■ 


a: < 

'm'. ill 

1 ■ ■ J 1 ■;■/- 

■r -.'If.: 

m'' ■! I'.'t'.a 

■ '■}' 'H'.' 

),- ,:r' .' ;,J'jk 

A.-' f -Ui 

l:;'ri .Til y' 


Oue of UiL iuost ccccutiic cliaiaci is that "vpi- lived iu Pofi"'- county 
was Joseph ivj-irks— 'oetier known as 'Tncli^ Joe." He ^\;s born in 
England, September 11, 1820, anci eaiuc to America as a youag man 
in 184:9. Soon after liis ai-rival in tliis coundy he located iu Valparaiso 
and built Ti louse on the eorjiur of Franklin and Cliicaj/v streets, in 
which he di- d. He estalJj.shed (!■■ jirst fouii,li-y in Valparai^- making 
iron kettles, iilow.s, stoves, etc. lie also dealt in second-haiui irnitiu'c, 
glass and tinware, bought scrap iron, rags, etc. Uncle Joe was twice 
married. His second wife was a half-breed Indian who was born about 
the time of the Pontiac war. He was fond of children and c /( ■ Christ- 
mas distributed among his juvenih' triends a barrel of cauil.', Although 
not a believer in the tenets of tlie ('hx'istia)i religion, he wi^ ,: constant 
attendant at church, and did not liesitate to criticize the : .rmons to 
which he listened, sometimes speiiking right out at the iime. Rev. 
Robert Beer told the writer of one instance of Uncle Jw- '-riticism. 
One Sunday evening j\Ir. Beer ('luched uj)on the subjc^ -4' eternal 
punishment in his sermon. The iii \t morning he met Uncb- Joe at the 
postolifice. "Robert," said Mailc,>, "I did not like your : niou last 
night. ' ' 

"Well, I am sorry for that,'" icplied the minister, "for I always 
like to please my audience." 

"Suppose you should take one of your children," nued the 

eccentric ohl Englishman, "and liold him iipon a hot si until he 
was burned to a crisp. What woidd the people do to you''' 

"They would probably lynch me," said Mr. Beer. 

"Well, then, what must I thiuk of your Heavenly Fatii who con- 
signs his children to a fire that is n -ver queiiclicd and keep.-: nem there 
through all eternity?" 

Mr. Beers admits that this erili.-ism modified, to some d' at least, 

his views upon the subject of etei'ual punishment. 

At one time Uncle Joe had abiuit a hundred pigeon ound his 
premises. They kept the place so littered up that the neiijbl" is started 
the circulation of a petition to tlu city council to )nake the r, ner clean 

■"■'^' Ml i.'J-'i( •■■>•' - - . ...I,..' 

.1 ■ ■■' , .ii:u;' .'.t , 1 i Ii , 1 - it" ;!0i H. • Mi 5t X(j 

, li;. I . : ..•• ',-, /-! 1„ ■;..■ •/<. M, . J -,.'.■>■ ■ :i i.i Tf!^ 

;...,-■ ,^i , , ; ■ ■■>,;, J r ■ 

J or ii'ii.i t' 

■V V U;i! if''i',: rt ^ 


' . c; tv I '1 ;•■ f.[/t urn.:',. 


.f I 



HISTORY 01' :'i)rtTEJi COUNTY 321 

up his place. Among those who sigjied Ihc piiidim was Elms Axe, who 
for ycais li.-.l been one of Uncle J'^e s most intimate friends, but wlieu 
the latter learned that ]\Ir. Ax(> had signed the ])etition the friendship 
was bvdken off, never to be renewed. Joseph ;\Iarks died on July 26, 
1905. His M'ife had died some tirae before, ami iu the meantime he had 
been taken care of by John Kuehl and his mother. He left a sister in 
Canada and sevei-al nieces. The s'.le of the old JIarks residence is now 
occupied liy the Pioneer Flats. 

Elias Axe, mentioned above, was born in Berkely county, Virginia, 
Pebruaiy 14, 1819. After the de;!th of his father, his mother removed 
to Wayne county, Ohio, and in 1836 Elias came to Porter county, Indi- 
ana. In 1344 I\Ir Axe was elected county treasurer. He was one of the 
charter members of the Christian clmrch and was active in promoting 
the general welfare of the eoramiiinty. He died at Valparaiso on April 
21, 1894. 

Among the early settlers oi' I'liiier county was John N. Skinner, 
who was a leading merchant oi' \ iil])araiso and one of the active sup- 
porters of the Valparaiso Male and Female College. He was also in- 
terested in the building of the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago rail- 
road and later the Grand Trunk. In 1858 he was the Democratic candi- 
date for state senator ; was elected mayor of Valparaiso in 1872, and 
was nominated by his party for '.'ongress in 1880, Init was defeated. 
He died in the .spring of 1882. 

Samuel S. Skinner, another early settler, was boi'u in Cattaraugus 
county. New York, July 16, 1824. When twelve j'ears old he came to 
Porter county with his parents and upon reaching manhood became 
active and prominent in publie riVaivs. He was one of the organizers 
of the old First National Paul. ;;iid was president of tli at institution 
from 180!-' b' 1875. The first 1, ::/k building in Valparaiso was erected 
by him for his \ as a raerchani. lie represented Porter county in the 
■state legislature for two yeare and was for six years a member of the 
city conneil. His death oecurnd on August 7, 1903. 

Other old settlers or deeeaseil eiljzeus, who in their day were promi- 

illli;' ':•.! '•\tn: ■< '" . 'j''!. 

1 nM.\ ' 

'!7/*:fii m\ 

'•.../) ,' : 

It' •.■) • f, 'Vv '>!-; ,^ 10; (ao. .v// 


iicnt in the LiLiiut-bs auJ public affairs of llu- louutj', were Tlieopbiln^ 
CriiuipticliCr, ,Vrfi!lus A''. Ba-'taoloiiiew, Ttiouas- A- E. Caini)boll, G. Z, 
Salyer, Jeremiah [iauiell, Joh:i Hansford, Tlioiiuis T. ilaulsby, Nelson 
Biunard, Henry IlagemaD, Thomas Gr. Lyt]e and John D. Wilson. 

Theophilus Orumpaeker was born in IMonlgomery county, Virginia. 
January IS, 1822. lie eaiiic with bis parentis, Oweti and Hannah Cruin- 
packer, to Porter eouuty in ISlii. The family later removed to Ijajxirle 
eoinity, where the father died in 1848. After living for a while in 
Illinois, Theophilus Crumpacker returned to Porter county and followed 
farming in Wasliington township until 1888, when he became a residiut 
of Valparaiso. His death occurred at his home in that city on November 
27, 1908. One of his sons, Edgar D., is the i)i-esent Congressman fi'oni 
tlie Tenth distriet, and another son, Grant, is one of the prominent 
members of the Porter county bar. 

'Artillus V. Bartholomew, merchant, was born in Licking county, 
Ohio, November 26, 1818. He came with h's parents to Poi'ter county 
in 1834 and about a year later they located ou a farm in Center town- 
ship. In 1814 he married Miss Elizabeth Stejdiens, and in 1862 removed 
to the city of Valparaiso, Avhere he engaged in merchandising. For 
more than twentj' yeai's he occupied the same building and built up 
a trade of something like tr7r),0()0 a year. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian cliureb, one of the organizers oC the Republican jjarty in 
the count}', served one term iu the state legislature, was at one time 
county eominissioner, and was recognized as cjie of the public spirited 
citizens. He died in August, J 896. 

Thomas A. E. Campbell, who settled in iiu: county in 1834, was at 
that time aljout twenty-four years of age- Alter teaching school foi" 
a short time h'- was appointed i>ostmaster .u \ alparaiso, and u])oii 
retiring from that ]>osition t ngaged in mercM,: ih- pursuits. Mr. Camp- 
bell was one of the ])romoters oJ' the Pittsljuryli, J<\)rt Wayne & Chicago 
railroad; was a charter member of the Masonic lodge at Valparaiso; 
served as (l('])ut\- county ele)']< and county 1 fasurer, and at the time 
of his death. .May 14, 1878, \vas engaged in farunug. 

.t,-j ,, 

■\>i ; ; 


llucl Starr, son of Noah and Alflcda (Fuller) SUirr, was born in 
Out ula county, New York, December 22, 1804. In 1830 he went to 
Kahniiazoo, Michigan, where he married I'hebe E. Eldred, and in 1831 
caiiK to Porter county, locating in Washington township. Ho was a 
m;iii of great energy and sound business ability, and thi'ough these 
traits of character he prospered until he was considered one of the 
wealthy men of the county at the time of his death, \vhich occurred 
on April 19, 1875. He served one term as county commissioner and 
was active in everything pertaining to the general welfare of the county 
and its people. 

G. Z. Salyer, one of the first carpenters in A'^alparaiso, was born in 
Tompkins county, New York, April 16, 1809, and died in Valparaiso 
on September 20, 1865. He married Miss Xenia Read at White Pigeon, 
Michigan, in May, 1833, and in 1835 settled in Porter count^^, where he 
bought eighty acres of land and a small grocery store. He assisted in 
building some of the first residences and business blocks in Valparaiso, 
and was four years a justice of the peace. 

Jeremiah Hamell, a native of Ohio, came to Valparaiso in 1836 and 
was one of the pioneer merchants of that city. Some idea of the charac- 
ter of the of the mercantile establishments of that day may be gained 
from the following little story told on ]\[r. Ilamell. A lady from the 
southern ])art of the county called at the store and i^urchased a few ai-- 
ticles, when, with the customary politeness of the ruerchant, Mr. Hamell 
asked: "Is there anything else?". The young woman, who was fond 
of a joke, looked around the room for a few minutes and i-eplied: "]\Ir. 
Ilamell, I believe I'll just take your stock home with me in my saddle- 
bags, select what I need and return the balance." Though the stock 
at that time might have been small, the aims and ambitions of the 
proprietor were large and he pursued his chosen calling, sure of ultiniate 
success. Mr. Ilamell was a fine public speaker and was freqiiently 
called upon to take part in political campaigns. In 1837 he represented 
Porter and Lake counties in the lower house of the state legislature. 

Jolin Hansford, who came to tlie county in 1842 and engaged in 

.1. ..•:■:/ ■■, .:i -''■>:] 1 I •■if!' :■' ■ i^ ; V il '■ 

[ ' .■ ',,']F.:\'' ';•' ■ ''i-.-r' 

)■!••■' ■•■( I ' TV : 

1 . f. ■'/ 1> 

..■l.M.Kil ., 


farming in Wacshiugton township, was born at Somerset, England, 
January 8, 1^13. At the age of fifteen years he came to America and 
from that tiino to his settleiiKmt in Porter county was employed in 
various occupations in New Jersey, New Oi'leans, Cuba and Chicago. 
As a farmer he was successful and in his day was regarded as one of 
the intiuential citizens of the county, lu later years he was in the 
employ of the Grand Tnmk railway, and at one time he owned over 900 
acres of tine farming land. 

Thomas T. Maulsby, who died in Valparaiso, October 16, 1910, was 
neither a captain of industry nor" a public character, but he represented 
a high type of American citizenship. He was bom in Wayne county, 
Indiana in 1829 and came with his parents to Porter county when he was 
but four j'ears old. About 1849 he engaged in the clothing business, 
from which he retired after some twenty-five years, and then for about 
twenty years he was "mine host" of the Merchants' Hotel on Indiana, 
avenue. He then went to Chicago, where he remained but a short time, 
when he retui-ned to Valparaiso and was in the employ of William Bruus, 
the tailor. He died in his room over Dudley's restaurant and was sur- 
vived by a son and three daughters. 

Nelson Barnard, farmer and legislator, was born in AVayne county, 
Ohio, October 6, 1829, and came to Porter county in 1835 with his parents, 
who settled in Jackson township. He was one of the founders of the 
Republican party in the county, and served two terms in the lower house 
of the state legislature. A fe^x weeks before his death he fell and frac- 
tured his hip. Gangrene resulted and he died on Marcli G, 1904. 

Henry Hageman, for many years a prominent figure in the northern 
part of the county, was a native of Union countj', In(li:ina. He came to 
Porter county when about twenty years of age and settled in West- 
chester township. He was one of the leading Republicajis in that end of 
the county, served as township trustee and assessor, and was the founder 
of the town of Hageman— now Porter. Mr. Hageman died on August 
22, 1899, aged eighty-three years. 

Thomas G. Lytle was born in Wayne county, Ohio, Dccemlier 3, 1824. 

■: >| ;vi, ) Cue '■■'hi'.- ."<«)' 

.nil lu ■■:•:'.[ ;,:^ 

.; ,, Li . n 

niSToi;Y OF poirri!:!? conxTV ■■y_,r, 

In 1840 he came to i'orter county, his purcnis settling near Bnono OroYc. 
and in 1853 he located in Valparaiso, where he einliMrked in tl,. ,!n.(f 
business. He was eaplain of Company C, One IUiikIi. .1 .ukI 'I'ImtIv. 
eighth Indiana infantry, in the Civil war; served as sliorilV ol' tin- iciinty 
for four years, and was tlirec times elected mayor of V!il))aniis(>, i'n\>- 
tain Lytic dropped dead in Frank Faky's store on ,Janii;n\ 4, JK'.is, 

John D. Wilson, who iu his day was no doubt the loadini.'; cnDini, inl- 
and builder of Valparaiso, was born in Lu/.erne county, renn.sylviiniii, 
October 2, 1829, one of eight childroi born to William aiul Harh(-I (rim K i 
Wilson, both natives of New Jersey and of German di'scml. U<' vwh 

reared on his father's farm, received a good conntKn) m-I I ctliiraii.iii. 

and in 1853 came to Indiana, whicli Avas llirn a coniiiaralivlN ti^ .• 
state. After three years in Lake county he came to \'al|iaraisii. uli ■■).■ 
he found employment as a carpenter. For liflcen years lie in lie 
employ of the Pittsburg, J<'ort Wayiu^ & Chicago J\ailrii:ul ( 'iiiii|\ 
as a bridge buikler, and t\vo years of that time made liis linnic m 
Warsaw, Indiana. In iSTli he purchased the ])laning mill on Ivi .i 
Main sti'cet and began business as a conti'actor. Many of the lie^^t biii-i 
ness buildings and residences in the city were erected by hini. lie nlti 
built the court-house, the Presbyterian church, and a number of pul-l^e 
edifices. In 1855, while living in Lake countj', he married ,Miss .N'ani'v I'. 
Brown, who bore him sis. children — Edmund L., Rachel, John II., I'.nnn.i 
J., William and Prank S. Mr. Wil.son was a Kniglit Teniphir .Mason );iid 
a public spirited citizen. He died at his home in Valparaiso .XovemlM r 
13, 1895. 

A score or more of tlie oflier j.tioneers might be mentioni'd as beiie.' 
equally prominent with tho.s-,:: above, but the foregoing will give the 
reader some knowledge of the character of the men who iiided in Hie 
development of Porter conviiy. They were sturdy, e(nirageon.v, induMn 
ous and honest men who overcame the obstacles and endured ilie li^nd- 
ships of pioneer life that tliey might provide comfortable liome.-; for lliem 
selves in their declining years and leave to their po.steril.s a lieiKagc on 
impaired by selfishness or wi-ong doing 

■> ,,f„q^0) •)■■■ I t^;.|.' 'T ' ■•!' ^*5»i8"^' 

,,.1.) II" " •;,/>i\>i:i!ll'-^'^' •: 
,1, , I' I,. ,.■' I;. '/'.MM .i;i ^t■unI 

■-I' ' ■■' ' '■'■ '■''' - . . ■■ r ft 

ii- ■:' .■ .(■■or 


1-, ■.:,;'/' 

: iiliil ■,:■ 


Tn the Baixiurd cemetery, in Jackson townsliip, is the ffvave of Charles 
Osborne, who died on Detemuer 28, 185t>, at the age of seventy-five years. 
Few people know, as they read the inscription upon the modest tomb- 
stone, that Mi-. Osborne was a Quaker and one of the very earliest advo- 
cates of the abolition of chattel slavery. It is said 1 hat he was the author 
oi the first pamuhlet demanding in no uncertain terms 1 ■: cnaancipation 
of the slaves in the United states. He visited North ("aiolina and Ten- 
nessee at an earlj- date and organized in those states a number of eman- 
cipation societies. He also made several trips to Europe, on one of which 
he mot William E. Gladstone, then a youth, but who afterward ^.chiin^ed 
a world-wide reputation as tlie "Grand Old Man." IMr. Osborne was 
well acquainted with Daniel Webster, Ilcury Clay and otler notables of 
that period, but he passed from tlie stage of action before Garrison, 
Phillips, and other champions of emancipation came on. It is an honor 
to Porter county that this nan's mortal remains sleep beneath her soil. 

It may not be generally known that Jerry Simpsoji, the "sockless 
statesman " of Kansas, and " Lucky " Baldwin, the Colorado millionaire, 
both were at one time in their lives citizens of Porter county. Joseph 
Simpson, Jerry's father, settled about three miles east of Chesterton in 
1866. Jerry li\ed there with his father for awhile and in 1870 married 
Miss Jane Cape, of Jackson Center. He was at that time a sailor on the 
Great Cakes and the marriage was solenuiized at Buffalo, New York. 
Some j'cars later he went to Kansas and in 1890 was nominated for Con- 
gress by the Fanner's Alliance. Jerry was something of a. politician, and 
in one of the Joint debates with his opponent said: "My friend here 
(pointing to his opponent) wears silk socks, while I am not able (o 
afford even cotton," and pulling up his trousers a little way exposed his 
bai-e ankles. T!io sally was applauded, Simp.son was elected, and became 
known all over Uie United States as the "sockless statesman." Baldwin 
ran a saloon on South Washington street, not far from the Valparaiso 
National Bank, before going to Colorado. When gold av.'is struck in the 
Cri])ple creek district, he was fortunate enough to locate a claim that 
made him weallhv and gave him the sobriquet of "Lucky" Baldwin. 

r^'U.jv fjit^i ,:■ ' ■-.: ■ I 'V'. . . 

..-(;•.>'■ l,..-.<'lf> 

; ■-.;l:t /;! •■, ■ ;i; 

■•■ • .'''.iiC i- 
,- ...V. loo';-/: 

, 'll-.l ... ■•!'. i 

,r' !ii; .•■■• T.i 

v.;!-; ■''\,\r<U 
;; .;/ .I'.i'l 'ir.,,itl 


In July, 1851, Aaron Rogers, a with niimerons peculiarities, came 
to A'alparaiso and opened a jewelry stoi'c, which lie called the " Mammoth 
Cave." It was not long until he bueame known as ''Cave" Rogers. He 
was at that time about twenty-four years of ago, and the young men of 
the town, noticing his eccentric ways, decided to jilay a tiick on him. 
Taylor Hogan and one of the Skinner boys went to him and told him of 
large numbers of snipe in the vicinity of Round lake, on the Chesterton 
road about two miles north of town. They proposed to get up a sniping 
party and invited him to join. "Cave" was willing an(i at the appointed 
time in the evening met about twenty young fellows bent on eatcliing 
snipe. A large sack had been provided and upon arriving at the place 
where one of the boys had seen "an acre and a hall' of snipe" that morn- 
ing the final prepai'ations were made. Rogei's was selected to hold the bag 
in the ditch while the otliers would drive the snipe into it, but he pleaded 
ignorance of the method and promised to hold it the second time. An- 
other young man then volunteered to "hold the bag," Rogers joining the 
drivers on the first at1em2)t. But "Cave" was of Irish extraction and was 
not as green a.s he looked. In the darkness he easily managed to separate 
himself from the othere and made a bee line for town, where he took up 
a position to overhear their comments when they returned. After that 
he was immune againts the pranks of the young men. In later years he 
engaged in building houses for rent and in loaning money, becoming well 
off before he died. 

A few 3'ears before the war a preacher named Lovereign came from 
Canada and opened a school in Valparaiso. He was a good teacher and 
his sermons were always listened to with interest. After he had been in 
town awhile, people began to miss things, but no suspicion pointed to the 
preacher until a young woman who bad been employed by Mi-s. Lovereign 
went to a store to exchange a pair of shoes, which she said Mrs. Lovereign 
had given her in pajonent of her wages, but they did not fit. The mer- 
chant recognized the shoes as having come from a case that had been 
stolen from the railroad depot a short time before. T. A. ITogan under- 
took to play the part of detective and traced the theft to the preacher. 

1 'rC 

' ? tilu. 


.(Iii7 .1 ■ :i 


,v^ ., ■-■rfii 

«.)( I' • ■ ■ .U':- : ih\^:: ■r,V<4 

•• unci 



Tt. was llieu discovero'l tiial he had stolen about t" 'iitj' bushels of wheat 
from Skinuei's wai-'hinise aud carried the sackt to his residence more 
than half a mile away. Upon .searching his pre.uises Heavy articles oi' 
hai'dware, for whi(h he could have no earthly use, and vax'ious other 
pieces of missing property were found. He wai tried before Judge Tal- 
cott, M'ho sentenced him to two years in the state "y prison at IMichigan 
City. After serving his .sentence he disappeared. 

Sleet Storm of 1871 

Porter county is loiHtcd in a belt where storms are of frequent occur- 
rence. It would be inijiussible to chronicle every sloi'ui that has occurred 
within the county, but tlie writer has been able to gather records ol' 
some of the most severe '>nes that have passed over the county during tlie 
laibt thirty years. On i\fii\' 10, 1882, an electrical slonu played havoc soul'.i 
of Valparaiso. A foui i .. year old boy named Oli'i Hartlett was struck 
by the lightning while plowing on Scott Fle)ning"s farm near Gates' 
Coi-ners, but was not kilbd. Several buildings wcr,- struck and consid- 
erable damage done to ihe growing crops. Youul; Hartlett was the son 
of a widow wlio had residrti in the county but a few weeks. 


The (.-iMidal and soutliei'u parts of the county suffered cunsiderable 
loss from au electrical storm, accompanied by a high wind, o i tlie last 
day of July, 1888. A. V. Bartholomew's brick farm house was stx-uck by 
lightning; Caleb Counter's barn, five miles southwest of Valpi raiso was 
destroyed; Nelson Swcncr's house near the Grand Trunk railw.iy station 
at Valparaiso was damaged, the lire alarm instruments were juit out of 
service, wires were blown down, and near Boone (irove there \\-s a heavy 
fall of hail that did great damage to the growing crops. 

On August 12, 1896, the entire county was visited by a storm of great 
severity wliich lasted for three hours. The rainfall was unu.suilly heav>, 
several houses in the city of Valparaiso were struck by liglituing, tele- 
phone and electric light wires were damaged to such an extent that several 
days clasped before the service could be restored to its normal vonditiou. 
A few farm buildings in different parts of the county were blown down 
by the wind. 

Lightning struck the college auditorium in the great storm of June 5, 
1899, and the wind removed about one-third of the roof from the build- 
ing, caiLsing a loss of $1,500. At the electric light works tliree large 
smokestacks were blown down, telegraph and telephone wires were 
again severely injured, several buildings and a large number of shade 
trees in Valparaiso were blown down by the wind, as were I wo of the 
.windows in the tower of the court-house. On the 18th of the same 
month there was a destructive hail storm in the northwestern jiart of the 
county. It is said that every pane of glass in tlie windows from Crisman 
to Babcoek was broken by tlie liail ; pigs, chickens and other small ani- 
mals and fowls were killed by the liail-stones and crops wei'i' literally 
beaten into the ground. Wind and lightning also did considerable 

A storm passed eastward across the central portion of the ounty on 
July 9, 1903. AVest of Valparaiso the barn of Andrew Gustafson and one 
belonging to a man named Pierce were destroyed. \Va.shingio.j lownship 
was the greatest sufferer, the Bryarly school liouse having Ik ii struck 
by lightnint;' and burned to the ground, sevei-al liarns were .•.■r''cked by 

'•.)r-(i"i!3 ;;'0: ''Uf i' ' il'j (nil'' 'i .u i;; ' 
.li.'» lt;j't' ; ■ 'I ;» (.ii^.-'i ' J I .n.l 'I', I.';-|i''H! ' II,- 

''finii <i-7," iCi;'' ri-» ,••; , i i' ■.') .1. lit <>'_•![) , ,;'J I--,.,?..' 


wind and liglituing and crops rendered praetically worthless in the 
path of the storm. 

Al! northwestern Indiima felt tlie force of the ^''eat storm of Blareh 
25, 11)05. The wind disabled miles of telegraph and teleplione lines; 
bridges and culverts were washed aAvay by the flood; the dam at Deep 
IJiver was wasJied out; trees were uprooted, and several buildings were 
either struck by lightuing or blown from their foundations. No lives 
were lost in Porter county, but Lake county was less fortunate. Six 
people weie hurt at llaminond, and at Indiana Harboi- four men were 
killed and about twenty injured, some so severely that they afterward 
died. At East Chicago the plant of the Republic Steel and Iron Com- 
pany was damaged and several houses blown down. 

On ]\lay 11, 1905, A'alparaiiso and vicinity suffered much damage by 
an -electrical storm, wliicli was accompanied by a strong wind and a fall 
of rain that amounted almost to a cloud burst. Columbus Pierce's resi- 
dence, at the cornel* of Jeft'erson and Greenwich streets, was twice struck 
by lightning. Barns belonging to T. Clifford, near Wheeler, and Mrs. 
Gordon, in Wa.shington township, were destroyed by wind and lightning, 
as was the residence of Jonas Smith south of Valparaiso. Cellars wei-e 
flooded and acres of wheat were destroyed by the heavy rainfall, the 
straw (Joeing just at that stage of growth where it was easily broken. 

A regular "Kansas blizzard" struck Porter county on February 18, 
1908. About twelve inches of snow fell in a few houi-s, and the high 
wind blew it into drifts tbatwere almost insurmountable. The roof of 
Eglin's feed store on "West I\Iain street in Valparaiso was broken in by 
the weight of the snow, the damage amounting to $1,000, and other build- 
ings were damaged to a less extent. AVlien the rural mail carriers started 
out on the morning of the 19th they found the roads so full of snow drifts 
that they turned back, traffic on the railroads was impeded, and it was 
several days before ti'avel resumed its customary propoi'tions. 

At 6 :45 p. m. on the las1 day of April, 1909, a wind storm struck Por- 
ter county at AVheeler and pas.sed almost due eastward across the county. 
Several small buildings on farms near Wheeler were red\iced to ruins. 

I,r a. n.i,: 

. ,1 • ri 

■iJi -■. 

ri>,: :(/. 

•)•! '■ ) , ,' 

ih ■' I,....! 

' l^ T ; , I ■ 


The highways were obstructed hy liranohes blo""i from trecji. At PUnt 
lake Preund's dancing pavilion was ^^'recke^l. Two miles south of Val- 
paraiso W. B. Stouer's barn was bloAvn down. The wind was followed by 
a heavy fall of rain, with severe liglitning and thunder, but I he only dam- 
age was done by the wind. 

An electrical storm passed ovei- a part of tlie county on July 22, 1900. 
Daniel Kraft's barn in Portage township w;js struck by lightning and 
burned. Two of his sons who clianced to be in the barn at the time were 
render^ d unconscious for a\\hile by the force of the bolt. Near Coburg 
the barn of I. H. Forbes was struck by lightning, set on fire and totally^ 
consumed, and tliere were a few instances of minor damages reported. 

Joseph Smith's house on College Hill, at Valparaiso, was struck by 
lightning in the electrical storm of August 12, 1909, and Jolm Morrison's 
barn north ot the city \vas also struck, though neither building was 
burned. Considerable damage ^v!ls done by this storm through the flood- 
ing of cellars, washing gutters in the highways, etc. 

Probably the most severe storm ever expei'ienccd by the people of 
Porter county was the cyclone on Saturday night, November 11, 1911. 
It struck the county near Lake Eliza, in the northern part of Porter 
township and traveled in a northeasterly direction, crossing the eastern 
boundary of th^ county near Coburg. AViudmills, out buildings and barns 
on several farms west of Valiuiraiso were wrecked, the principal suf- 
ferers being Calvin Skinklc, AV. 0. McGinley, Edward Murphy and 
George Gast, the last named losing two. barns. On P. AV. Clifford's farm, 
occupied by J. I. Weddle, two large barns were totally destroyed. Par- 
ther north J. A. Wohlenberg's barn was blown down and Gus Mitchner's 
house, occupied hy Henry Prenliss and family, was dcDwlished. Mrs. 
Prentiss, with her little child, went to Wohleiiljerg's for shelter, and her 
husband was found wandering about in a dazed condition a mile and a 
half north of his ruined home. He could not explain how he happened 
to be in that locality and somi; l!.;\i' insisted that he was l)lown there by 
the terrific wind. The school house at Jacksun Center was left a mass 

;;V. Jo il;.; '-^ ^'1 iff v.fT .1/j 
'f ;".-,-,'0'!v;; ^ ;■' >;.;,/ (i'i ..- 

■^" :' ,'■, .-if. lu. , ; . • ■ ^, ^ ' ■ ' 

::■'■ i. I ...1.; ',,■ :., ■ 

•I' it ic .f;,< ,« l-.-t.' 

•.:' ...I, T,;n'.Ti;!;jif 

%;t;.M! v;-v,^ 

-■;vj<^: • -.v; I. ; : ;:! 

■1i;:.'U.! ' ■,:') I'! ■■ ■ <■.( 

; ,11' ;•'(; ■ !•■! Ill'' 


oi' ruins and t'euces were scattered to tl\e I'our wiuJa. The duiiiaye was' 
so great tliat it can liardly be estimated. '^ 

Several destructive frcs have 0(;cured in tho county in recent years. 
About three o'clock (in the iuomi)ig of jMay 27, 1S85, tire was discovei'ed 
in the x-ear of a row of frame buildintrs on the north side of Main street 
east of Franklin. A wjiart breeze was blowing, and in two hours every 
building in that block vas a mass of smoking ruins. Tlie destnictio}i in- 
eluded the skating rink, owned by Salisbury & Sloan, the Tremont House, 
Dolson's stal)les, in which several vahiahle horses \vere burned, Williams 
& Felton's liviTy barn and the two adjoining buildings, 'Wilkinsou & 
Foster's implement house, and a number of smaller shops. It was fortu- 
nate that a high wind was not blowing, as in that cas- the loss would un- 
questionably have been much greater. As it was it rau into thousands 
of dollars. 

The house of John Haiidet, a (Tonuan, near "Siit:;ir loaf," soiitii uf 
Valparaiso, was discoveied on fire about four o'clock on the morning of 
July 36, 1890. This was one of the saddest events that ever ocourred in 
the county. Mr. Hamlet was away from home, workin;-;; on the new school 
house at Chesterton, and the fire started at an hour when his wife and 
four children were ash^ep. The fire was fii-st noticed liy some of the neigh- 
bors and before assistance could be rendered Mrs. II. unlet and her chil- 
ih-en were cremated. The remains of the five -were interred in one 

A few months after tlio, Hamlet lire — Tuesday, Xi Member 25, 1800 — 
a disastrous fire occurred at Hebron, which destroyed n large part of the 
business district The lire broke out about three o'elmk in the mornnig 
in Bryant & Dowd's siore, where a loss of .$5,000 w:i^- incurred by 1h" 
owners. James White's hardware store, J. C. Smil'i's grocery, J\lcln- 
tyre & Kilhcart's dru-: htore, Fisb.M- & Hogan's dry -oods house, IWoi- 
gan Bros, drug store, White's blacksmith shop and .Idi-iih Burgess' lime 
house were all reduci^i ''-i a.shes wifhni a few hour., nd the adjoinlug 
buildings on either siil" .vere moi- ';r less dama^i' ' The heat was .so 

, • u.» :j; j-' ■■<;.:■. 

1, ,;. >. ij 


iuteuse that Lhc windows on the ojipusite side of the street were, brolicn. 
The total loss was not far from .$30,U00. 

Vineyard Hall, one of the largest dormitories at the Valpiraiso Uni- 
versity, was discovered to be on fire shortly before midnight, January 22, 
1897, and before the tire department could reach tlie scene the Jlames were 
beyond control. There were some sixty or more students occui)ying the 
building and several of them had narrow escapes. ]\Iisses IMinier and 
Warner were foimd insensible in their rooms and were rescued witli 
diiificulty. All of the inmates suffered more or less loss. The building 
belonged to a Mrs. Anderson, of Laporte, and was valued at $10,000. 
It was almost a total less. 

On Sunday evening, April 6, 1902, Chesterton suffered a loss of sev- 
eral thousand dollars bj' a fire which destroyed a number of the best 
business buildings in the town. It broke out between the Krieger build- 
ing and the postoflice about ten o'clock, and swept down Calumet avenue. 
A high wind M'as blowing and sparks were carried a distau; e of five or 
six blocks, taxing to the utmost the fire-fighting facilities oC the town. 
The postofBce, Ameling's saloon. Quick's hardware store, "Wilson's boot 
and shoe stoi'e, Harrigan's hotel, Williams & Son's livery stable, and 
several smaller concern were wiped out before the fire eould he brought 
under control. There was no alley in the rear of the buildings, whicli 
restricted the efforts to extinguish the flames. The fire was thought to 
have been of incendiary origin. The total loss was about $20,000. 

C. J. Kern's store in the Salver block on Main street, Yalpai'aiso, 
caught fire at noon on January 16, 1903. A stock of $12,00(i was practi- 
cally iniiued and the building ^^■as damage to the extent of some $2,000. 
Fortunately the fire department was able to prevent the fire from spread- 
ing to the adjacent buildings. 

In January, 190-1, the postoffire at Ainsworth wa.s bui'm^l in a some- 
what peculiar manner. Frank Coyle, the postmaster, who lived in 
the building with liis family and kept a small stock of groceries, arose 
c.n'Iy, buiU a fire in the stove aihl went to the pumping km a shoi't 
distance away. The other members of the family were sound asleep and 

I.I J :).ii - ■.ohr/ 

'It f|;i;'if Jiffy. .)Ij-ll-i 

jfii: ■ ■^<U ' Ir ^'i r-'v *. :o , 

■i^M 1 ■,..; -'ji'. 

,1- ■;■■ M :';i 

■■'■:.:■< .livt'i 


before tli'^.v awoke the stove beeauie overlicafi^d and set fire to tlic lioiise. 
Mrs. Coyle and her Toisr daugliters had a narrow escape. The loss was 
about $2,000. 

On Jnnnary 22, lHOi, the Grand Trunk railway station at Valparaiso 
was burned — the second time within live years. Tlie fire started be- 
tween the eeiling and the roof from a defective flue. The building' had 
been erected but a few years before at a cost of $3,500. The Grand 
Trunk also sulfered by fire in the burning of tlie elevator at \'ali) 
on March 23, 190-1. It was operated by Way, ITigley & Company, and at 
the time of the fire contained about 1,000 bushels of gi'ain, mostly oats. 
The total loss was about $6,000. 

Shoi'tly after clcveji o'clock on the night of October 2, 1907, the 
buildings occupied by the Valparaiso Can-iage Company on AVest Main 
street were discovered to be on fire. The building, which was owned by 
•Frank A. Turner, was completely destroyed and the adjoining build- 
ings were damaged. The total loss was about $11,000. 

On April 8, ]90S, the old Central Hotel at Chesterton was burned. 
It was an old landujark, having been first erected at City West, which 
in 1840 was regarded as rival to Chicago. It was later removed to 
Chesterton and ronodeled. Originally a frame building, after its re- 
moval it was veneered with brick, which fact rendered it difficult to 
gel^at the fire. The loss was about $10,000, including the damages done 
to the buildings on either side of the hotel. 

In the last quarter of a century a few railroad wrecks have happened 
in Porter county, which fonned tragic thougii interesting events in her 
history. On October 11, 1887, a tail end collision occurred on the 
Chicago & Erie line at a water tank about half way between Boone 
Grove and Kouts. The fast freight, eastboiuid and loaded with dressed 
meats, took the side t).irk at Booac Grove fu allow a jiassenger train 
going in the same directioji to pass. The en^^ine of the passenger train 
was disabled at Ilurlburt and ojily one side ^vas in use when the freight 
was passed at Boone Grove, where the ci-ew of the freight trai7i «ere 
told of the disabled engine and instructed to follow slowly. Owing to 

.V I _ •:. 

I,, .,i' ■( 


tliu defective loeoiiiolivo, the ciigireor of the passseager train was unaljlc 
to stop at the right place at the water taiil<, and the engine had to be 
"pinched off," tliat is moved \\ilii lars made for the purpose hy placing 
Iheni under the wheels on the track and prying the engine forward. 
While this was going on, the condiicter ordered a red light to be dis- 
played in the rear of the train, hiii on account of the fog it was not seen 
by the engineer of the freight iniin in time to avert the collision. He 
had barely time to reverse his engine and jump with his fireTnan for 
safety, when the freight engine crashed with terrific force into the rear 
coach of the passenger, killing eleven people and injuring a score or 
more, some of them seriously. Cojiductor Parks of the i^assenger train 
was indicted I13' the grand juiy I'm- not sending a flagman to the rear 
and placing torpedoes on the track, but Judge Field quashed the in- 
dictment. '" ' 

The year 1905 witnessed al least four disastrous wrecks in the 
county. On Sundaj', February 12, a Baltimore & Ohio train ran into 
a Michigan Central wrecking train at tJie Willow creek crossing of the 
two roads and six persons were injured. The wrecking train was on the 
way to Ivanhoe, where a loconioli\e was oflf the track. The same day a 
train on the Pere Marciuette line got stuck in the snow drifts east of 
Porter and was forced to use tlie Michigan Central tracks from Porter 
to New Buffalo. On Saturday, February 18th, two freight trains col- 
lided at McCool on the Baltiinnj;.- & Ohio. One of the trains was left 
standing on the main track whih the engine Avas engaged in doing so)iie 
switching, and the other train ran iiivo'it, sma.shiug the caboose and three 
cars next to it. The engineer and flreman of the running train were 
the only ones injured. Five iiersons were injured in a head-on collosion 
at Suman, on the Baltimore & Djiic, on Friday, December 1st, when a 
passenger and freight met on 11;i 'H've at that point. 

It appeal's that the Baltimore i^ Ohio has been particularly unfor- 
tunate in the matter of wrecks in reei ut years. On Monday, November 
12, 1906, one of the worst wrecks that ever happened in llie county 
was caused by a head-on collision between two trains on this line near 


>l,-! H.r 

>!■ :,,•'■ 

];■ :J vr . .i[-;:;( ^Tll' '■■'■ ■'AiV('^v>U' 

r.u' ■! 

,;• -if -j .!.> i>i.'-M' ■! 

3;;o iiiSToRV of poirrrji county 

the Woodvillp station. \ii fastboiuid i'roight had c r.s to wait at 
rai)cock for the westhnniiJ passeugfr. It so happpnr-^ ^'uit the Balti- 
more & Oliio had that night a large number of emigranis from south- 
eastern Europe, bound for dhicago and the northwest, and the passenger 
train was run in two sectitms. The first section passed the freight at 
Bnhcoek all right, and the engineer of the latter, not seeing any signal 
to indicate a second scetion, pulled out and started easiward. About 
2ni) yards west of the station at Woodville the second section was met, 
the two engines coming together with sufficient force to reduce both of 
them to scrap iron. Forty-one persons were killed and a large number 
injured. Coroner Carson iiivcstigated the matter and oidered tire arrest 
of the engineer of section one of the passenger, and the eiigineer, conduc- 
tor and head brakeman of the freight. Wlien the passuiger engineer 
was brought to trial in Api-il, 1907, he testified that wi-nn stopping at 
McCool he discovered for the first tinie that his signal liyl; Is— -indicating 
that another section was following — were out. His evi;lence was cor- 
roborated by tliat of his fireman and he was acquitted. The other cases 
were then dismissed.. 

Early in the fall of 1908, smoke from the forest fires in Wiscon- 
sin and Michigan settled over northei'u Indiana, and this condition 
was assigned as the cause of a wreck at Chesterton early on the morn- 
ing of Monday, September 14th. On Sunday, the day before, an ex- 
cursion was run from Indianapolis to Chicago over the Lake Eiie & 
Western and tlie Lake Sliore & Michigan Southern roads. Retui-niug, 
the excursion train left Chicago a little before midnight, and at Ches- 
terton was waiting for a i'reight train to get fi-om the iiiaiii line to the 
side track, when tlie rear eoaeh was struck I)y a siiburl)au train. One 
woman was killed and twen1>-th)'ce per^'iis were injured Fortunately 
,.. the suburban train M'as not running fast when the collisieu came. The 
;■;; crew of that train stated that they were unable to see the lights on the 
i,i;-> rear coach of the excursion tr;iin on account, of llie dense smoke which 
•••'.■ overhung the traek. 

Although tlie citizens of Porter coui.Ia' have generally been moral 

f.fir ■ 


and law-abidiug people, several iiiuvde' '■■'w liceii ''ommiUed upon 
her soil. The first notable lioinicido wa; lie killiiii;: of .rolm Peltou 
by Francis Staves in 1838. The two inei li iJ been woi-kiiig together 
in a sa-ivniill in Laporte county and sto])i i i;. at a ])l,u e of rather un- 
savory reputation kept by a man named I'l; liner. Peltdu was one of 
those who spent more than his income, aini in tirdei- to avoid the pay- 
ment of the debts he had contracted dcei>' • i lo lake Jloiare Greeley's 
advice several years before it was uttered and "go West." Staves 
volunteered to act as his guide for a part ol' (lie way, proliably all the 
more willingly because he knew that Peltm had something over $100 
about his person. A day or two later Slaves i-ctnnied 1o his usual 
haunts, and no suspicion was aroused nntii laler. whvu an Indian boy 
found a bundle of clothing tied up in a hau'llirreliirf, not far from 
Jesse Jlorgan's in Westchester townshiji. i'allin.t: tlic aftentiou of his 
father to his discovery, the elder Indian began a search and found 
the body of a man concealed under some brush al llic root of an up- 
turned tree. Some of the white settlei-s were notified ami ilic body was 
identified as that of John Pelton. Suspieion poitilnl to Slaves as the 
last man that had been seen with the decea-'wd lie was watched and 
it soon developed that he was rather flush willi moiuy i'or those days. 
Pelton had been shot from behind and ; i'ter falling from his horse 
had been beaten over the head with a d'lb. 'J'his slirlc showed the 
mark of a nick in the blade of the knife wiUi wliieli it had been cut, 
and this mark corresponded exactly witt: a luiife found in Staves' 
pocket when he was searched. He also told conflicting stories as to the 
place where he had parted from Pelton. Sfa\es was tj'ied, convicted 
and sentenced to be hanged. The executicn tonk place dn the lot just 
across the Street from the south end of tlic hi-li scboul Imikling, and 
was witnessed by a throng of people. In Ndvciiibci-, 1i)()l, William E. 
Brown, formerly auditor of Porter count,\, in wiltine (<, t)),. Soidh 
Bend Tribune, said: "Among the old siMlcr-' in thai |jact of Porter 
county, the guilt or innocence of Stave-: has alvays been a mooted 
question. In fact in the early sixties a in Dc-, ^loines. Iowa, was 

[|ii;r. f'b'i' :, va 

>l;'l !< •'■', 

■•: ' - , 

i; -■, .'.n i-.iiii .-,; 

;':![.!, ',.v 

■'■' ■'^"''^''' '• 

1) ..IV 

' .. i' a .1 

'■; -..;i 

iH"^ 1. /'rn:-I 

.;; 1 ■ .1 (1 I ,h'l i- i|',> 


.said to liave /nade a dcnth bed confession in which he claimed to have 
committed the nmrdei-, completely exonerating Staves." 

About the close of the Civil wax-, Chauncey F. Page, a jeweler who 
had been in llie employ of Aaron Rogers, went to Crown Point and en- 
gaged in business for himself. He married Emiiia Goss, stepdaughter 
of Benjamin Long, but the union was not a happy one, and before a 
year Mrs. I'ago returned to the Long home at Pearce's mills, about 
five miles west of Valparaiso. On the night of January 15, 1867, Page 
learned that Mr. Long was away from home and took advantage of the 
opportunity to visit the house Upon being denied admission he broke 
in the door with an axe and fired two shots at Mrs. Long, both of which 
took effect, killing her instantly. He then went to his wife's bedroom, 
and notwithstanding her piteous entreaties, shot her through the head, 
iliss Frederieka Ludolph, a daughter of Martin L. Ludolph, was spend- 
ing the night Avith JMrs. Lojig and her daughter. Page next turned his 
attention to her. After shooting her twice he beat her over the head 
with a chair and left her for dead. Alarm was given and a pursuit 
organized in which Sheriff S. L. Bartholomew, M. L. McClelland, T. A. 
E. Campbell, T. A. Hogan, A. H. Goodwin, A. J. Buel and A. A. Starr 
joined. Page wa.s captuied in Chicago and brought back to Valparaiso 
for trial. Although Aliss Ludolph was severely wounded she was able 
to appear at the trial as the principal witness for the state. I1 is said 
that Page almost fainted when he saw her enter the court room. The 
murderer was given a life sentence in the penitentiary at Michigan 
Cit}', where he committed suicide in his cell. 

A sensational case occurred in the fall of 1887, though the uuirder 
in this instance Avas committed in St. Louis, Missouri, by a preacher 
of Chesterton — William T. A. West. It seems that West became 
enamored of a young girl named Su.sJe Beck, wlio had been employed 
as a domestic in his family and persuaded her to elope with him. At 
St. Louis he found employment as an electro ])]ater and Miss Beck 
passed as his wife. One morning she was found dead in lied at the 
hotel where they had been boarding. A letter supposed lo have been 

■,i '' i •IM.: :. ■ I; ' -r, ,1 I, I 1 


wriilnu by her stated tliat t,hc Lad lakm arscnii wi'li suicidal intent, 
ail'! another letter written by West said Ids l)ody wci^'d lie found in 
til.' i-iver. The St. Louis poHee took the ^■ie^^' liia' Ihis was merely a 
scl- lie to defi'aud tlie midertakor, and ue e'foit lade to appre- 
liend the minister, lie came back to Chesterton, v\' re, his congre- 
gation had built him a eond'ortable parsonage, l-if his piipidarity had 
waned and he fled, presumably to Canada, alancidiuny; bis invalid 
wife and five small children. Ten years later J. C ~\\ illiams proprie- 
tor of the Grand Central Hotel at Seguin, Texas, was arrested as West, 
but i)arties from Chesterton failed to identify him is siuli and he 
w-as released. West was never brought to justice. 

On August 16, 1895, Alonzo Powers shot ai;d killed William 
Tratebas in Trudell's blacksmith shop at Cliestej-ton. Tlie two young 
men — Tratebas was but nineteen years old and !'<)\>(rs was twenty- 
four — had been on unfriendly terms for some time anrl liad quarreled 
several times. Tratebas was in the shop when Powers came in and 
started a controversy that ended in blows being passid. TrudeU sepa- 
rated them, when Powers drew a revolver and fired two shots, both of 
which struck bis victim near tlie heart killing him almost instantly. 
Powers weiit home, but was soon arrested and the Ml'ricers had hard 

work to prevent the crowd from lynching him. SlierilV Studdard was 

notiiied and taking a deputy hurried to Chesterlon Tlie nuirderer 

was in the office of Justice Sievers, guarded by a posse He, was slipped 
out the back way and driven rapidly to Valparaiso, the mob following 
for some distance. On October 24th Powers ^vas convJcted of murder 
in the first degree and sentenced to the penitentiaiy for life. Some of 
the jury men wanted to inflict the death penalty. 

Ill the .summer of 1898 William Sloan, a t.iiiM i in I'otmc town- 
ship was annoyed by some pei'sons carrying away !'n::r,!s from a bridge 
he had built over a small sti-eam on a road leading lo liis I'ariu. On 
Sunday night, July 24, 1898, lie armed himself wiil: a slml jnni and 
stood guard over the bridge. About nine o'ch'cl-. .Mh.-j-l Sccly came 
along, and according to Sloan's statement, took one oC llu- bonj-ds from 

1 ill vin,, I f ,, 

'•J ;)':>5 


-f .iKlMI.V ', •",., 


the floor of the bridge and i!;irted to take it away. Slofi»i fired and the 
entire charge struck Seeley iu the legs, wounding hiiu so severely that 
for a time it was thought the amputation of both limbs would be 
necessary. Two hours after the shooting, Sheriff Green was notified. 
In company with Deputy Billings drove to Sloan's and placed liim 
under arrest. He was kept in jail until Seely's recovery was assured, 
and on October 19, 1898, was fined fifty dollars and costs. 

Just a year from the day of Sloan's trial, Carl Baum, of Morgan 
township, sliot at William Johnson four times, three of the shots tak- 
ing effect, but not in any vital part. Baum was arrested and confined 
in jail to await results. Prosecutor Sutton and his deputy, Frank P. 
Jones went out the next day and took Johnson's statement. Johnson 
recovered and Baum got off with a light jail sentence. Subsequently he 
made another attempt upon Johnson's life and was sent to the pen- 

About five o'clock on the morning of April 24, 1903, Truman Beam, 
the son of a farmer in Morgan township, entered his father's room 
and informed him that Martha Lawrence, their housekeeper was dead. 
It seems that the younger members of the family were absent from 
home. Truman and his father occupied rooms on the gi-ound floor, 
and Miss Laurence slept uj) stairs. The son said that he called her, 
and not receiving an^' reply, went to her room to awaken her. He 
found her dressed, with the exception of her shoes and stockings, lying 
upon the bed dead, though her body was j'et warm. The elder Beam, 
vrho could not bear very well, and for this reason did not hear his son 
call the girl, summoned the neighbors and marks of violence were 
noticed. Truman was arrested on circumstantial evidence, and af1ev 
two trials, in both of which the jurj^ disagreed, he was dismissed. In the 
trial it developed that the girl vras a victim of epilepsy, and many believe 
that death came during one of her fits, the marks of violence having heen 
inflicted by hei*self during her struggles. 

November 13, 1906, was pay-day on the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & 
Chicago railroad. Some of the men employed on the west section at 

( Ml.,'/ atf nil ■li'^o 'i':- 

., > Sc,.,,.f„ 1,:,.- ^ .: ):<^ J .';, i^v 1''''^ 

O^I -Hi 


,1. .r, J. ■ ' ■' >■'•'■ 

.'. I, ';.. («ji" ■^ 

IliiiTOEY OP rOKTEr. r-ouNTY 341 

Valparaiso, ceiebraicd the event L'y taking n few clri^ilcs. Not long 
afti iward, Frank Carcslo, an Italian, quarreled with. Guy Ilinklc over 
liCiiJ^g a hand ear from the track. The foreman separated them, but 
they soon got togelher again and resumed the quarrel. Again they 
were separated, but about half an hour before noon C\iresto, who had 
managed to get hold of a. pistol, shut and killed Iliukle. The Italian 
fled, pursued by a crowd of jicuple who had hastily assembled upon 
hearing the shot. _ He was found eowering in a ditch near the Nickel 
Plate tracks by officer Arnold. By this time the crowd was furious 
over the cold blooded murder. Cries of "Lynch him!" "Give him,the 
rope!" etc., were heaj'd on all sides, but the oflicers succeeded in land- 
ing him in jail- In .iamiary, 1907, Caresto was tried for manslaughter 
and given an indeter)iiinate sentence of from two to twenty-one years 
in the penitentiary. Under this form of sentence, the pardoning board 
has power to release a convict at any time after the mininnim time 
named in the sentence has been served. 

In August, 1910, Alvin Johnson went to board with Jacob AValter, 
who kept a hotel at Kouts. It was not long until the new boarder 
began to show nmrked attention to Mrs. Walter, and was ordered by 
her husband to leave the premises. The matter was finally adjusted 
so that Jqhnson remained at the hotel, and again he began paying 
court to the landlu'ly. A little after five o'clock on the morning of 
December 16, 1910, Walter fired both barrels of his sliotgun at Jolm- 
son, the full charge taking effect. Johnson lived but a .short time after 
the shooting. Walter was tried for murder in January 1911, but es- 
tablished the theory of self defense and was acquitted. 

A short time hifore Christmas, 1910. Edward Davidson came to 
Valparaiso to visit iiis sister, j\lrs. Dudi(\\, whose hu.sliand ran a res- 
taurant on North AA'^ashiugton street. Davidson, -who was about 
twenty-one yeai's of age, found emiiloj'ment in the restaurant and .soon 
formed the acquaintance of sev(.'ral youn^; men ahoii!, town. On the 
morning of DeeriaiiiT 20, his body was found nrar the tj-icks ol' 
the Pittsburgh, Fort AVayne & Cliicago railway, and indication of foul 

t '1.1 'It 1' «\ 

v-f .:;:■ :»£.,>. 


play were observed. In liiy verdict Co)-oucr Carson decided tliat "(lie 
deceased caui". to his death by violence inllieted upon the head which 
fractured and crushed the skull, by divers persons, among whom from 
the evidence submitted were Michael Curtiu and others." Michael 
Curtin, Robert Fleming and Roy Sowurds were ai-rested, tried at Ci'own 
Point and acquitted. Later Curtin tiled a suit for $15,000 damages 
against the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne & Chicago Railroad Company, on 
the grounds that the watchman of that company at the Napoleon street 
crossing, where Davidson's body was found, had testified falsely against 
liim before the grand jury. This case never came to triab The three 
j'oung men left Valparaiso, but later came back, when they were threat- 
ened with lynching and departed hurriedly never to return to Porter 

One of the most mysterious murders ever committed within the 
county was tliat of Wayne Hale, who was lured from his home near tlic 
Wheeler bridge on the night of August 29, 1905, and killed. An Italian 
who had boarded with Hale, and with whom he had quaiTeled, was 
suspected, but he could not be found. Mrs. Hale was arrested on the 
charge of being acces.sory before the fact, but after being taken into 
custody was released on bail. Sufficient evidence could not be obtained 
to sustain the charge against her, and on April 11, 1906, she was dis- 
charged. Subsequently a suit of clothes was found, which it was thought 
might throw some light upon the murder. In one of the pockets was 
found a memorandum book bearing the name of a Chicago man. He 
was arrested and did not deny the o\\Tiership of the book, but claimed 
that he had lost it, and that he knew the man who had found it. He 
claimed to know that three men were implicated in, the murder of Hale, 
two of them were hired to do the deed, but no arrests were ever made. 

Great excitement prevailed in Valparaiso on September 23, 1893, 
when it was learned that an attempt had been made to rob the safe in 
the old college building — the office of the Northern Indiana Noruial 
school. The would-be robbers were Fiank and Claire Robinson, of 
Versailles, Indiana. They entered the office about three o'clock m the 

,,. ji'- :.,A:-.L^''i >i.O ^ 


al'tornoon, when (he only op(>nnnn1s \wvr Aliss Kate Corboj' aud Miss 
Emma Joucs. To irighteii th? young women a shot was fired by one of 
the Robinsons. This shot was heard by J. H. Aruokl, the mail carrier 
in that district, who ran to tho otiice. 500 students and a number 
nf other persons joined in tlic pursuit, but the robbers were well 
armed and for a time lield thrii- pursuers baeli. Nathan 0. Howe, a 
peach peddler, left his team siaiiding in the street, borrowed a Win- 
chester rifle from one of his acquaintances, and took part in the chase. 
About a mile east of the city he overtook the fugutives and ordered 
them to surrender. They replied by firing their revolvers at Ilowe, 
who returned the fire, killing Frank Robinson at the first shot. Clarre 
was then wounded in the hand and gave himself up. Howe was the 
hero of the occasion. His load of peaches was taken down town, where 
they were sold at auction, C. J. Kern acting as auctioneer. Some of 
the baskets brought as high a figure as ten dollars, and the entire load 
netted Mr. Howe about $350. One of the i)urchasers was W. J. Lightcap, 
whose Avife planted the seeds from the peaches. Only one tree grew 
to maturity and it bore its first crop in 1898. Mr. Lightcap brought 
some of the fruit down town and distributed it among his friends, thus 
reviving interest in the exciting incident of five years before. 

In 1897 a pair of clever counterfeiters were "run to earth" in Porter 
county. Henry A. W. Brown, a photogi-apher of more than ordinary 
ability, made photographs of one, two and five dollar bills, and from the 
negatives made plates for printing the money. His accomplice was 
Theodore Hanson, son of John Hanson, a farmer living about a mile 
and a half north of the city. Major Thomas B. Carter, chief of the 
Indianapolis di\'isioji of the United States secret service, and Thomas 
J. Porter, in charge of the (Iliicago office, learning that counterfeit bills 
were in circulation in Lake, I'orter and Laporte counties, placed detec- 
tives on the trail. It was a difficult case and some time passed before a 
cine was found that led to Brown's studio on College Ilill, in Valparaiso. 
Here they found plates for a ten dollar .silver certificate almost com- 
I)loted. Following the clue fartlier, the detectives found in a small out- 

ivuyy liLoi -I' .h!^...n.'. ..I :. • J ,,( . A \:i 

I:.., ■., 


house ou the Ilauson farm the othci plates, a small pi'css, paper, inks, 
etc., for turning ont the counterfeit bills. Brown and Hanson were 
convicted and sentenced to serve five years in the i)euitentiary at Colum- 
bus, Ohio. 

Every community that has been settled for half a century or more 
is likely to have certain mj^sterious events connected with its history, 
ajjd in this respect Porter county is no exception lo the rule. In 1872 
the remains of a man were found hanging to a tree a short distance 
southwest of A^alparaiso. There was nothing upon the body by wliich 
it could be identified, and whether the man comuiitled suicide or was 
the victim of foul play ha.s never been detennined. 

For two days in tlie fall of 1877, the waters of Lake Michigan were 
troubled b> a severe .storm. After the storm a man named Crawford 
was gathering driftwood along the shtue, near the Jiiie l)etweeu tlie town- 
ships of Pine and Westchesler, when he discovered the body of a young 
woman that had evidently been washed ashore. There was a bniise 
upon the head and a gash in the neck that indicated violence, but 
the coroner's ,iur>- I'cturned a verdict of death by drowning. When 
found the hody \vas naked except for the shoes and stockings. The 
shoes were of stylish make, indicating that the wearer belonged in good, 
society, but, although the incident was widely advertised, the body was 
nevey identified. 

In the winter of 1806 some persons, \vhile passing through a i^iece 
of tiniljcr aliout two iiiilrs noilli of ^^a1paraiso, came upon a curiously 
constructed hut. Four trees formed the corners and between these 
were small poles, wrapped Avith hay and straw, set on end and l)0und 
togetlier with barbed wire. The roof was of heavy slieet iron. Thei-e was 
also a barbed wire fence around the hut, with two entrances. The one 
door was provided wilh two locks- — oiic on the inside and llie other on 
tlie outside. An account of the stranjrc luit was jiulilished in the Val- 
paraiso Mcsscit<j( r, slating that officers from Vali)araiso went out to 
investigate tlie "find." Inside the Inrilding were somo long l)encho!?, 

,l! iidf! x'V.)'iM .y\iu\ ^:',Vi,?'M-o'i I' ■>' 

■ : -t ,r>,i ).:.! ;? •!■ 

IIJSTOEY OP rOKTEi; ((inXT'i' Hl,- 

aii ax, a lantern, some Looks, luayri/iiics and nf'\v^;])iipc'r';, 'in< wIki ]>\u]t 
it or occupied it, wab invcr ascertaiucd. It ii slill a, myslciy. 

In Scptemher, V.)G'J, three skeletons — siipposc^l lo bi' 11io';o of a man, 
woman and rliild, juf'fring' I'V their si/,e— v.-er^' round ::far a fishing 
camp in the sandhills north of Porter. Around the wrisl of the larirest 
skeleton was a leather thouj;-, in fairly good comlilioii, wliirli led Pro- 
fessor iSlullz and (I'rorge P. Patteigor to believe they wvo the hones 
of Indians, and that at some time in the remote past there had been an 
Indian burying gi'ound in the vieinity. 

There is hardly a city of 5,000 population oi- more iu the country 
but what has its haunted house. In j\Iay, ISflfi, the Valixiniino Sun pub- 
lished a story of Valparaiso's "ghost house" that reads like a chapter 
from the Arabian Xighls. Aecoj-diiig to this stoi'y. the lionse was oc- 
cupied many years ago by John .Marsh, a pi-ominent lawyer and «ul- 
ower. Although Mi: Marsh had the reputation of being liberal and 
charitable, on one occasion he refused alms to a woman, because of her 
impudence. The woman, started to leave, but at the dnoi- turned and 
said: I curse you to the seventh generation. Misfortune will follow 
■ you and yours to the cuds of the earth." L!pou tliis Mai-sh directed his 
coachman, or man of all work, to conduct the woman from the prem- 
ises. The coachman took hold of her arm and led her to the gate, when 
she turned on him Avith the fury of a tigress and saiil; "And curses 
on you, too. Pefore another month you will be dead." 

Now comes the strangest part of the story. Mai'sh and his man 
laughed at the curse, but about two \veeks later the laller was kicked 
in the head by one of the horses and killed. ]\larsh soon aftei- lost an 
important case, involving the title to property iu Cincinnati, Ohio, 
worth several hundred thousand dollars. His daughter, vijneteen years 
old, died of diphtheri.i some two months after Ihe eiii'se was uttered. The 
woman to whom he was IjctroOied jilted him. His sevejileen year old 
son was expelled from college, and upon liein-- upbraided by his father 
committed suicide, after which Marsh lived llic life of a recluse for 
several years, finally dying in a lunatic asylum in Chicago. After he va- 

''.. Y 

vi((f. n t 

r. t ,. .r, I", 

M 'i . 

■!,..,! , 

lOM -.0 .? • 1 ■;': ; rH'i, V 

1 -I :■ ■■■ 1 1 

■n' <y '■:; :ljj.< 

,! .ru,i 


cated tlic liouuR where tlie curse had been pronmineed against liiin, no 
tenant would occupy it for more than a few weeks at a time, and the 
luiilding was finally razed to the ground. The writer was unable to find 
iiiiy one wlio remembers Mr. Marsh, but several old settlers recall an old 
house on East ilaiu street, near the city limits, about which uncanny 
stories were told when they were children. TJiis may have been the- 
house once occupied by the unfortunate la^\yer. 

Instances of heroism and self-sacriliee are comparatively rare in 
modern times, but on November 19, 1889, a humble citizen of Porter 
county did a, deed that should long pei*petuate his memory. Murray 
Beach was engaged in digging a well in the rear of his house, near the 
Grand Trunk .station, and on the date above mentioned had reached a 
depth of some twenty-five or thirty feet. While Mr. Beach and Lis 
hel])ers Vvcre at dinner the well tilled with choke damp. After dinner 
•Beach went down in the well to resume work, l)ut soon began to feel a 
dizziness and told the men to draw him out. When about ten feet from 
the bottom, he was overcome by the carbonic acid gas, lost his hold on 
the rope and fell. Seeing that he was unconscious and unable to co- 
operate with those above, John C. Sharp volunteered to go to his rescue. 
The men lowered him into the well, where he fastened Mr. Beach to the 
bucket and then got on himself. With the extra weight, the men above 
were not able to raise the bucket very fast, Mr. Sharp was overcome by 
the noxious gas and fell a distance of some fifteen feet. The others, 
afraid to enter the well, succeeded in bi-ingiug him to the surface with 
grappling hooks, wlien it was found thai his neek had been broken by 
the fall. Murray Beach's life was saved, but at the sacrifice of John 
Sharp's. "Greater love tlian this hath no nK)ii — tliat he will lay down liis 
life for his friend.'' 


.: /D'cvq •;^^' 





Porter' county, Indiana, is llie only county of that nanie in the 
Uuited States. David Dixon I'orter, for wiioiu it was uauied, was a 
commodore in the War of 1812. Later he was promoted to rear-admiral, 
then admiral, reaching the highest rank in the United States. His son, 
Admiral David Porter, served with distinction in the navy in the (vivil 
war and was nearly caught in a trap by a sudden fall of the Red river 
in Louisiana, in connection with General Banks' ill-fated expedition in 
1864. The Essex, the ship commanded hy Commodore Poi'tcr in the 
"War of 1812, is represented upon the seal of the Porter county circuit 
court. Commodore David Porter's wife was the author of the song be- 
ginning "Thou hast wounded the spirit that loved tliee." 

At the time Indiana was admitted to tlie Ujiion as a, slate in 1816 
not much wa.s known of the region now cmlu-aced within the limits of 
Porter county. An old map, printed about 1810, shows La^C'' Michigan 
near the center of the state — about where Elkhai't and SI. Joseph 
counties are now located — instead of at the northwest coijk i-, and on a 
level prairie near the present city of Valji^iraiso is sliown :i mountain. 
Many of the names of streams, etc., have lieen clianged hiucu that time, 


A 'or 

.i.;y. :J ■^>' i 

i>;ir; ity I 

i'i- ;'h: 

..'t 1A, 


and Ihe course of the ivaukakei' ri\Lr as sbowu ou the map would indi- 
cate that it was prepared from iueorrect data, probably largely a matter 
of tradition and conjecture. 

Tlic connly was creaud by the act of January 28, 1836, and the lirst 
county officers were elected that year. Pollowiuf,' is a list of the officers 
who have served in the various positions since the county was organized, 
together with the year iu which they were elected. 

f7er/,-.s-— GenrRO W. Turner, 1836; John C. P-all, 1842; AVilliaiu W. 
Jones. 18r,0; Obadiah Dunham, 1854; E. J. Jones, 1858; S. W. Smith, 
18fiS; II. P. Wells, 1S70; John Felton, 1878; James K. Drapier, 1882; 
Edward C. O'Neill, 1890; Edmund L. Wilson, 1894; Charles's. Pierce, 
]y02; Glistaf E. Bornholt, 1910. 

Andtlors — George W. Turner, appointed in 18'41 aJid for a time dis- 
charged the duties of both clerk and auditor; Philander A. Paine, elected 
in' 1841 and resigned; Ellis E. Caiiipl)ell, appointed in 184.3; Ruel Slarr, 
1843, served for a short Hme only; S. W. Suutli, 1844; Reason Bell, 
1858; Z. B. Field, 18G6; Reason Bell, 1870; William E. Brown, 1878; 
Joliu W. Elam, 1886; i\Ielvin J. Stinchfield, 1894; Stephen P. Corboy, 
1902; Cornelius A. Blachly, 1910. 

Kccorchrs — Cyrus Spurlock, 1836; George W. Salisbury, ai:)poiuted 
in 1839 to fill the vacancy caused by the rouoval of Cyrus Spurlock 
Obadiah Dunham, 1850; Edna L. Whiteomb, 1854; Thomas Jewell, 1858 
Henry Stoddard, ]866; Thomas C. Shepard, 1874; William C. AVells 
1878; Joshua B. Bissell, 1886; Thomas II. Patrick, 1890; Anton R. Ous- 
tafson, 1894; William Gates, 1902; Harrison Al. Castle, 1906, and re- 
elected in 1910. 

, Treasu/-ers— AA'illiam A\'alker, 1836; Thomas A. E. Campbell, 1838; 
George W. Salisbury, apjiointed iu 1839 to fill the vacancy caused by 
the resignation of Mr. Cauipbell; John W. Wright, 1840; Thoma.s A. E. 
C!ainpbell, 1842; Elias Axe, 1844; E. Cauipbell, 1846; JoIju 15a.ll, 1850; 
William Wilson, 1852; O. T. Skinner. ]854; Wan-eji Dunniug, 1858; S. W. 
Smith, 1802; P. F. P.. ('(.Ilin, ]870; J. W. Peltnn, 1874; J. W. Crum- 
packer, 1878; Williaiu Freeman, 1882; Cyrus Axo, 1886; Allen W. 

i:l(;, .1.-1 ,,;,♦ 

I. lie- <.' ll-Kli 

' ■ 1 1 1 ' 


Ecynolcli>, .T^DO; Jolin Ritter, 1894; Henry F. Black, 189S; Henry B. 
Keuny, 19(' '; Lycurjjiis H. Copliii, l',)06; Bernhardt H. Urbalms, 1910. 

>S7ien"j9'6--Beu.iamiii Saylor, api)ointed by Governor Noble in 1836; 
George Cn^.-, elected in 183C; Charles (r. JRrrick, 1838; John W. 
Wright, appointed in 1843 to <'i)!iiplcte the unexpired term of Mer- 
rick; Moses Trim, 1844; Richard \V. .Jones, 18-Hi; N'ineeut Thomas, 1850; 
Thomas G. Lytle, lSr.2; Tlioimis H. (;,)]e, 1856; Stephen L. Bartholo- 
mew, 1860; Henry Binnanion, 1864; Robert Jones, 1872; James Ma- 
lone, 1876; Charles W. Dickover, ISSO; Elias N. Thomas, 1884; Shel- 
don P. Hcrrick, 1888; Joseph Sego, 1890; Heber Stoddard, 1892; 
Charles F. Green, 1896; Charles F. LaCount, 1900; Lewis M. Green' 
1904; Clayton A. AVood, 1908. re-elected in 1910. 

Coroners— The records regai-diug- this office jn-ioi- to ISSO are in a 
state of confusion, hence it is i)ractically impossible to secni-e a correct 
list. Since 1880 the office has been filled as follows: W. C. Paramore, 
1880; Andrew P. Letberman, 1S82: Hayes C. Coates, 1888; Frederick 
G. Ketchum, 1894; Joseph C. Carson, 1900; Loren E. Lewis, 1910. 

Surveyors — The statement regarding the office of coroner also ap- 
plies to that of surveyor. An aullieutic list of the surveyors in'ior to 
1880 could not be made x\p and it is therefore ouuttcd. Billa Stod- 
dard was elected surveyer in 1880, but did not qualify and Henry Ran- 
kin was api^ointed. The list since then is as follows: Henry Rankin, 
1882; Armanis F. Knotts, 1886; Albert H. Cleveland, 1888; Henry 
Rankin, 1S90; Thomas H. CHvv<-r, 1894; Henry Rankin, 1898; Al- 
fred R. Putnam, 1904; Guy F. Stinchfield, lHOe. Mr. Stinch6eld still 
holds tlic office in 1912, having l)een twice re-elected. 

Cmnmissioners — Benjamin Spencer, Noah Fowls and John Sefl'ord, 
1836; J. Y. Wright, 3837; James Walton, Jmiathan Griffin and John 
Jones, 18HS; Joshu;) Ilobart and John II. Wi: ;slli'i', 1S;iI); Reason Bell, 
1840; Jesse IMorgnn and John Diuwiddie, 18J1; Russell Don- and Na- 
thaniel Sawyei-, ]S42; Thomas -1. Field, itr>p(iinte(l by llic probafe 
court in 1S43 to fill the unexpire'l term of Colonel Wliistler; Richard 
W. Jones and Samuel dinger, 1844; Isaac Morgan and John Din- 

1 •! > 

if ; ' ■ifV/ 

L )■, >■../ : r\^\ '..unlr .■vi-lT 


widdio, IS-ib: Wnlker 31. ('..u) and Azariali Freeman, 1848; Ruel Starr, 
Asa C'obl) and AUxander Gliambers, 1850 ; Ira Cornell, 1852; H. E. 
Woodruff find Jodn llnrdosty, 1854; Asa Cobb, 1856; William Wil- 
liams, 185G; Eli E. Lansing, 1858; S. P. Robbins, A. B. Price and Wil- 
liam Stoddard, 1832; Edward C. Osborn, 1804; T. B. Cole, and A. B. 
Price, 1860 ; A. T. Bai'lholoniew and S. P. Robbins, 1868 ; Andrew J. H.'sr- 
rison, 1874; L. P. .Scott, 1876; Frederick Bui-stroni, Nicholas Pickrell and 
L. P. Seott, 1880; (It was this board of commi&sioners that ordered the 
erection of the present conrt-honse. All tlu-ee were re-elected in 1S82.) 
James E. Carson, 1884; Jacob Link, 1886; James E. Carsan and James 
S. Fulton, 1888: James S. Pnltou and Jacob Link, 1890; James E. 
Carson and Peter J. Lindahl, 1802; Lee C. Howell and James S. Ful- 
ton, 1894; James S. Pulton and Peter J. Lindahl, 1896; Hans Born- 
holt and Frank Quick, 1898; John Bornholt and Charles W. Benton, 
•1900; Charles W. Benton and Prank Quick, 1902; Hail Bates and 
Charles A. And.'fson, 1901; Andrew Biekel and Hail Bates, 1906; 
Amos B. Lantz, Andrew Biekel and Cliarles A. Anderson, 1908; x\mos 
B. Lantz and C. A. Anderson, 1910. 

Under the tirst constitution of Indiana, which was adopted and ra- 
tified by the people in 1816, representatives to the state legislature 
were elected annually. When Porter county was organized in 1836 
it included the present county of Lake and was attached to Newton 
county to form a representative district. The constitution of 1850 
provides for the election of representatives biennially. Therefore, the 
following list shows the election of a repi-esentative every year for 
fifteen years after the organization of the countj% and one every two 
years from that time until 1910. This list is complete -with the excep- 
tion of a few instances where the records were missijig or defective. 
» These exceptions are noted. 

h'eprcscnlalircs — Benjamin McCarthy, 18;!6; Jeremiah Hainell, 1837; 
(No repoi't lor 1838 and 1839.) Seneca Ball, 1810 (the district was now 
eoui])Osed of Porter and Lak'c counties) ; Warriner, 1841 ; Adam S. 
Campbell, 1842; Alc.<ande)- JIcDonald, 1813; Samuel 1. Anthony, 1841; 

.M .";■ . 

lliSTOliV 0|- iolJTKR ("Ol XTV 351 

Alexander AlcDouulu, 1845; Ilaiwy E. Woodruff, 181U; Aiexauder 
jMcDonald, 1817; Bciajamin S))..ncer, 1818; Lewis Wavriner, 1849; Wil- 
liam II. Harrison, 1850. Under tlic uew cont;titutiou Porter county 
wa.s made a separate district ah\ (iideon Brocoant wni elected the 
first reiircsentative iiuder that constitution. He was ioUowed by Ar- 
tillus y. Bartholomew, 18r)2; Amlicw B. Pierce, 1854; re-' 'ted in 
1856.) (No record for 1858.) r.N.IuTt A. Ciinieroii, 1860; Levi \. (!ass, 
1862; Firmiu Church, 1864; John F. McCarthy, 18C5 (record nut clear as 
to why this election (x'currcd) ; Gilliert A. Pierce, 1866; AVilliam II. Calk- 
ins, 1868; re-elected in 1870; Theophilus Crumpacker, 1872; twice-re- 
elected; S. S. Skinner, 1878; re-elected in ISSO; Marqnis L. ]\IcCIelland, 
1882 ; re-elected in 1884 ; Nelson Br.rnard, 1886 ; re-elected in 1888 ; Clem- 
ent J. Kern, 1890; George C. Gre-jr, 1892; re-elected in 1894; Leigh G. 
Purness, 1896; re-elected in .IHI'S; Elwood E. Small, ]900; re-elected in 
1902; John N. Patton, 1904; GnslaAc H. Greiger, j'epresenting the coun- 
ties of Porter and Laporte, 190() ; re-elected in 1908 and again in 1910. 

When the county was first cslablished it was made part ol' a sena- 
torial district comi30sed of L;i|i(Mre, Porter, Newton, Wliifi- and Pu- 
laski counties. In 1842 the district was changed to consist of the coun- 
ties of Porter, Lake and Laporti-. A new district was formed in 1859, 
embracing Porter, Lake and Ja.sjur counties, and in 1863 the county of 
Newton was added. This arraut;cment lasted until 1871, w-heu Lake and 
Porter were constituted a senatorial district. Porter county has been 
represented in the state senate by the following : , 

Senators — Charles W. Cathcart, 1836; re-elected in 1838; Sylvanus 
Everetts, 1840; Joseph W. Chapman, 1842; Andrew L. Oslioni, 1844; 
Abraham Teegarden, 1848. (Tip to this time senators were clecled for 
two years. The new eonstitiitidu made the term four yeai.s. imt there 
can be found no reeoi'd of the ..'ieefion of 1810.) Samuel T. .\nfhony, 
1852; JMorgan II. Wier, 1856; iJavid Turner, 1859 (eleclion made neces- 
sary on account of change in i^i.^^trict) ; Ezra Wright, 18''2; Erwin 
Church, 1866; Richard AVad.ue. 1870; D. L. Skinner, 1S71: Thomas 
Wood, 1878; J. W. Youche, IS.^2; Mark L. DcMotle, IKjsG; Johannes 

: '' I >"i la.i-ii Jii-i.C' ■ 'Hi 1. • ■ 1 . ! ' 

;-n.i!'-,i ,;;■ ). ' >\-V' 

.i 1, ^ > 

352 IIIS'I'OUY OF ]'()i;Tl<;ii ('(irXTY 

Kopolkp, 18!)0: William TI. Oostlin, 1894; Nathan L. Apnew, 1898; T." 
E. Bell, ]it02; Arlliur J. Bowser, 1!»06; Frank N. Gavit, 1910. 

Assessors — The office of county assessor was created by the legisla- 
ture of 1891. Pur.suaut to the provisions of the act, the county coniuiis- 
sioncrs of Porter county, on June 12, 1891, appointed Edwin L. Fur- 
ness to fill the ol'fici; until the next general election. Andrew J. Zorn was 
elected in JSI)2; William L. Freeman in 1S9G and ayaiu ia 1900; Cor- 
]ieiius A. BlaclUy, 1904; Eli N. Norris, 1908. 

Cuuiify Cnuncil — On IMarch ?>. 1899, Governor Mount approved a 
hill providing lor a county council in each of the ninety-two counties of 
the state, the members of which were to meet annually in Septcml)er, 
make levies and estimate appro])riations for the couiing >'ear. By the 
provisions of the act the county Avas to be divided into four dislricts. 
one eouncilmaii chosen from each district, and three from the county 
at lai'ge, making seven members in all. The first council was to he ap- 
pointed by the judge of the circuit court, and on May 23, 1899, Judge 
John II. Gillctt appointed the following members of the council in Por- 
ter county : Glaus Specht, A. L. Harper, Warren Harris, Fletcher 
White, Oliver P. Kinsey, James R. Malone and Sandford Hall. IMr. 
Specht declined to serve and William G. Windle was appointed in his 
stead. Subsequent councilmeu have been chosen l)y vote of the people 
at general elections as follows : 

1900— Oliver P. Kinsey, Sandford Hall, Hail Bates, James S. Fulton, 
Leigh G. Furncss, "Warren Harris and Lee G. Howell. 

1902— Oliver P. Kinsey, Hail Bates, James S. Fulton, Sandford Hall, 
Lee G. Howell, Arthur J. Bowser and Warren Harris. 

190G— Lewis II. Robbiu.s, Amos hi. Lantz, Oliver P. Kiusey, Jasi)cr 
N. Finney, Azariah F. Brody, Warren Harris and James nodgcns. 

1910— Clancy St. Clair, Herliert 1). Scoficld, John J. Overiuyer, -las- 
per N. Finney, Azariah F. Brody, Charles F. Jones and Cliai'lcs F. LeeKc. 
(A list of judges and prosecuting attorneys will be fountl in lli.' diai.ier 
on Professions.) . . . , , ■■ . 

..v:"i :;"'■! 

r.'l ( 1 

... t- »J 

1 :, . • ^' '" 


Tho following table shows the vote of Porter county for l^'^o Icadins 
presidential candidates from 1836 to 1908: 

1836 — Harrison and (Iranger, Whig 87 

Van Buren and Johnson, Deni 69 

lS-10— Harrison aiul Tyler, Whig 220 

Van Buren and Jolmson, Deni 19-± 

1844— Clay and Frelinghuysen, Whig 311 

Polk and Dallas, Deni 305 

1848— Taylor ajid Fillmore. Whi- 343 

Cass and Butler, Deiii 401 

1852— Scott and Graham, Whig 236 

Picrec and King, Dom 257 

1856 — Fremont and Dayton, Rep 1,054 

Buchanan and Breckenridge, Dem 712 

I860— Lincoln and llandin, Rep 1,529 

Donglas and Johnson, Dem 889 

1864 — Lincoln and Johnson, R<?p l,26f) 

McClellan and Pendleton, Dem 936 

1868— Grant and Colfax, Rep 1,892 , 

^ Seymour and Blair, Dem 1,264 

1872— Grant and Wilson, Rep 1,685 

Greeley and Bi-own, Dem 978 ';■_ 

1876— Hayes and Wheeler, Rep 2,082 

Tilden and Hendricks, Dem 1,577 

1880- Gai'field and Arthur, Rep 2,243 

Hancock and English, Dem 1 .578 

1SS4— Blaine and Logan. Rep 2,480 

(Teveland and Hendricks, Dem 1,867 

1888— Harrison and Morton, Rep 2,427 

Cleveland and Thurman, Dem 2.018 

1892— Harrison and Reid, Mvit 2,187 

Clevehnul ami Slexciison, Deni 1,937 

Vol. I-'J.T 

■A' ■>^:': 

t..- ,} . '. 

Mi.iil: •' : - ; ■:.! 

351 lllSTOKV "1. i-ri|;TER COUX'TV 

1?9i)— McF^inl-y ajiJ 1 !-....'•(, Rep. 2,853 

J3r.yau ;i)k1 «e\sall, ^H-;,) ; 2,026 

190U— McKinloy and L'oo.^, \'u't, Rep .2,797 

Bryan and Steveusoii, Deui 1,848 

in04 — Roosevelt and Fairbanks, Rep 3,153 

Parker and Davis, J )iiii 1,441 

1908— Taft and Slionium. lU-y, 2,940 

Bryan and Ivcru, Di-.m 3,789 

Of the minor party Candida t'-. Van Buren and Adams, on ttie Free- 
soil ticket in 1848 reeeivt-d 77 v ,: :■. (Tale and Julian, the Free Dem- 
ocratic candidates in 1852, rrtuivcd GO ^•oteR; Breckenridge and Lane, 
representing the ultra slavehfiKiiir; s-'riiiisient in 1860, received 28 votes; 
General J. B. Weaver receivtHl 11 7 wtcy^ in 1880 a.s the candidate of the 
Greenback party, and in 18i*2 ho received 129 as the candidate of the 
Popnlist or People's party. The saiix* year Bidwell, the Prohibitionist 
candidate received 145 votes. 

Porter connly has never oxp; li^.-ncod a ))oom, but the increase in pop- 
ulation has been steady from the liti.c flic (bounty was organized in 1836 
to the present time. The United Stales census of 1840 — the first after the 
formatioii of the county as a separate political division— reported the 
population to be 2,155. The next deiadf witnessed the greatest propor- 
tionate increase in the history, the jinjitilation in 1850 being 5,229, or an 
increase of more than 100 pei- cent. In 18<i() the population had reached 
10,295, aji increase of almost 100 |)ec cent iluring the preceding ten years. 
In 1870 it was 13,903; in 18Si) i! vwis 17,229; in 1890 it was 18,052; in 
1900 it was 19,175, and in llt]0 it \va.. 20,540. Taking the state D^ a 
whole, in 1910 the increase in ])(ii>!ii:'ti"n was 7.3 per cent over the cen- 
sus repoi'ts of 1900, the sni.Jl.'si iti \rr\ di'cade .since the admission of 
Indiana into the Union in 181(1. hi 'y2 iinmiies, or more than one-half 
the number in the state, there >.;!•: .I'l :i.tiial decrease of from one to sis- 
teen per eont. Porter connly li. Ii hiM- (ilafi' above Ihe averaice, the in- 
crease during the decade beii:;: i .::!'!. :)r a. little over seven per cent., 

.' '. f! ■.1,1 


iijJ -r 

mSTOlJV ()!■' POJITKi; (dl NTV ;;:,.-, 

notwithstanding the fact Uiat tlier«^ was a dciTi'aso in six ol' ihc twclvo 

The increase in the value oJ' property has kc;pt pare, or even out- 
strip]>ed, the growth in population. Figurc-s pi'ior to 1870 are not avail- 
able, but since that time the valuation of all classes of property lins grown 
from $5,245,055 to $21,805,960, (he latter iigiires beinfr taken fi.^ui the 
tax duplicate for 1911. Tliis wealth is distriliuted among the townsliips 
and towns as follows : 

Boone $1,329,370 Turtcr .■t;l,3;i9,590 

Center .;* .f.i; i'; . 1,528,950 Union 1 ,^77,800 

Jackson 1,048,710 Washlnglou 1 ,519,630 

Liberty 840,000 AVcstehester 1,011,860 

Morgan 1,130,470 City of Valparaiso 2,80S,0(;0 

Pine 1,090,500 Town of Chesterton ... 047,120 

Pleasant 2,069,810 Town of Porter 454,840 

Portage 2,408,530 Town of Hebron 394,720 

According to a statement compiled by the county auditor in the 
spring of 1912, the county, in its corporate capacity, is the owner of 
the following property: 



Court-house .$50,000 

Jail 6,000 

County Asylum 11,250 

Fair Grounds 5,000 

Jlemorial Hall 4,000 

Grand Total $289,050 

One of the largest nioi-tgagcs ever recorded in the st.ate, if not the 
largest, was entered upon the records of Porto- county in Novcml)er, 
1899. It was executed by the Baltimore & Oliio Railroad Company to 

improve 'ts 


















t* I II ; I ;i:.' 

1 ''■ 

356 iiistoi:y ok pojrrEii county 

the United Slat^cs Trust Company, of New York, and covered all tlie 
la lids of tlie eorapiiny Jroni l^Jaj-ylcUid to Chicago. The amount rep- 
resented by the inorigage was $165,000,000. It was presented to Ee- 
coi-der Gustai'son by a special agent, whose duly it was to see that the 
mortgage was properly rt-eorded in evtry county throiig-h which the line 
ol the Baltimore & Ohio ruad passed. The douunu-ut contained some 
40,000 words, was printed and bound iu book form, an<l attached to it 
wei-e revenue stamps to the r.moinU of ^S2,.500. 

CO^'CLUSK)N \,' ' 

Statistics are void of poetry or romance ami ai-e offen dry and un- 
iutei-esting to the reader. J)ut it has been said Dial " ligxires do not 
lie,"' and the story of pi'ogrcss, the achicvcnients of a people, can be 
told 'with greater accuracy in iigures than in any I'h.yiuc or romantic 
strain. Even a casual analysis of the foregoing tables will give the 
analyst a faii'ly definite idea of what the people of Porter county have 
accomplished duj'ing the tliree-(pia)'tei'S of a century of her corporate 

Ninetj' years have passed since Joseph Bailly — the first white man 
to settle within the limits of the county — built his lonely cabin upon 
the banks of the Calumet I'ivcr. Porti.'r county was then a wild region of 
■woodlands, sandhills, marshes and unbroken praiiie, iidiabited only ]>y 
wild Ijcasts and uncivilized aborigines. Tlie war-whoop of the Indian was 
heai'd by day, and at night the howl of tlie wolf reverberafed through 
the primeval forest. Across the prairies and through the glades, always 
fo'lowing the line of least resistance, wound the sinuous trails of the 
red man. His rude canoe, ijropelled by his bi-awny arm, glided along 
the shores of Lake ]\Iichigan, or traversed the waters of the Calumet 
and Kankakee rivers, as he passed from village to village or sought fish 
or game for food. 

Now all is changed. In 1832 the Pottawatomie Tndians ceded llicir 
lands in Indiana to the United Slates government, and the next vear 

y V. X 

iLisTojiV ()!•' i^()in'i';i; ('(>^.\•i'^■ ;ir,7 

the actual settlement of Portf>v county bewail. Step by slrp the inlrcpul 
|-)ioiieers forced tluir way wc.-sLward, overcoining all olistacles aud peuc- 
li'ating tlio uiiexplcired wilds, aud built np an enijiii'c in llie wiltlei-iiess. 
The war-wjioop of the Iiidini] and Ihc ' o,\l of the woll' have f^ivon way 
to the whistle of the steam engine and llie Iniui ul' ri\-ili/.od iiuhislry. 
Where once llie Indian trail exisLnl is mu, ;i liiK-, iiiacadainizcd hi,L:li 
way — oxer wliii-li the toui'i^>l sldins aloJi.^ in his anldinohile- -or Ihc i-ail- 
j'oa<l willi trains of Coadu'S jirdalial in Iheii' ma^iiiliranri; rusliiiiL; aci->)s:> 
the connli'y at the rate o\' fifty milis an linnr. In phici^ of the rmh; 
i:anoe is the great steel steamer, wliieli plows the wateis of l,al:e .Michi- 
ii'au, hearing tons of freiphl. the piodin'l til' hinnaii sl;ill iind lahnr. 
Tlie wigwam ul' the unlettered savage has lieen supiilaiiled h>- the si'hool 
house, and \\'hei'e once stood the teleiu ijdIi- Ihe spir.' (d' the (liureh 
)ioi)ds heavenwaj'd. ^lai'sh l.-nels have lieeii reeh-iinied liy an e\|H ndi 
turo of thousands of dolh-u-s fm- ditches, the' \',ihl ])rairie has lieen 
hroTig'ht under the doninion ol' the j)lo\v, tlu' Tonsls liax'e liren i'ell,d 
and eouYei'ted into haliitaliee.,-; I'er eivili/i d man. N'he savai'e Indian, 
tlie wild heast and the uni)i\irnig wilderness ha\e i;iine, never to i-e 
turn. Tlic ])ioneers who eoiepi. i'ed them have hi'l In theii- |>i.isferil\ a 
record of dauntless couraue. failhrnl indnslry. hennralile ai-hie\ vment, 
and an untarnished name. AVill the people ..f Ihe present genenilinn, 
in full enjoynicJit of the laliors (if their sires, leave as h.moralile a n'C- 
ord to their descendants? A liispny of I'oiier nanily written three 
(inartcrs of a century hence v,il! answei- III.' ipaslion. 


.1.! ,.:. . .),